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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, March 31, 1925, New York Edition, Image 5

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SOLDIERS MCE
FIRING SQUAD
FOR COMMUNISM
Spies Frame Up 8 Reds
in Hawaii
(Continued from Paste 1)
phen Domagalskl, 21st infantry band,
drum major; Simon L. Schwartz,
bugler corps, 11th field artillery, a
young artist; and another man in the
11th field artillery. These charges
against all of these soldiers are ‘‘radi
cal ideas,” or “member of Hawaiian
Communist League.” ,
Paul Crouch who', before his arrest
was a regimental supply clerk in the
21st infantry. Creque and Trumbull
have been framed up, the two “wit
nesses’'’ against them being secret
service spies who unsuccessfully tried
to join the Communist League, and
the three Communists are in danger
of the firing squad. The “evidence”
against Creque consists of his com
ments in his diary which the detect
ives stale, and articles in the DAILY
WORKER.
Spy Stole Letter
A letter written by the Hawaiian
Communist League to the Third In
ternational at Moscow, never reached
its destination as it was taken from
the United States mails by the spy,
who was acting under orders from the
assistant chief of staff of the United
States army, Hawaiian division. The
letter declared that the Hawaiian Com
munist League accepted all the rules
and principles of the Third Interna
tional, and sent the greetings of the
class conscious workers and soldiers
of Hawaii.
The spy sent out by the United
States government to frame up the
soldiers. Corporal Eugene M. Fisher,
was not admitted to the Communist
League, and whatever “evidence” he
has to show is either manufactured or
stolen.
Not Secret
The Hawaiian Communist League is
not and never has been secret organ
ization.
Comrade Crouch was arrested Feb.
19, and taken to the guard house,
charged with “violation of the 96th
article of war on four specifications,”
including the charge that the league
is a secret organization, that he “ad
vocated the overthrow of the govern
ment,” and that the letter to the
’ Communist International "violated the
j law.!'
I Comrade Crouch and his fellow
prisoners are without legal aid with
out funds, and are being treated abo
minably. Comrade Crouch is in the
prison ward of the hospital, suffering
from ulcer of the stomach. "His treat
ment has been brutal beyond descrip
tion. ■ /.
In the .guard house he was not per
mitted to write his parents, and up un
til the present time has not been al
lowed to have a comb or shaving
brush. He is being forced to use the
one safety razor blade for shaving
which he had been using when ar
rested. He has not been allowed to
secure any of his personal posses
sions.
Comrade Crouch’s mail has been
withheld from him.
Army Tries to Surpress Case
He was forced to work when he
was so ill his fellow soldiers had to
carry hftn to his post. He has been
threatened with personal violence by
the brutal provost sargeant.
On Feb. 28, Comrade Crouch was
moved to the hospital ward. He is
not permitted to have any money. The
army officials are trying to surpress
all publicity with regard to the case.
——a
'X. About This Book
m \ “Lenin
mst\ % , The Great Strategist
WftvA Jt of the Class War”
In a splendid introduction
'* tF" J Alexander Bittelman, member
%|PI§L jjfje, 2 / of the central executive com
i. v mittee of the Workers Party,
i "TVkat »iu«f i/oM dot What can
1 YOU 1)0 f
$... “Turn to Lenin, he’ll tell you.
V Qy7 rie has built a party and led a
\; '^^tSmtSSaßfiE/f I movement which already erm
sKsjjjt&s, quered for the toiling masses one
v A t I sixth of the earth’s surface. He
i mil ought to know how you do those,
1 wJWv\\v\ ' W 1 11 \Tn*f, things. Ask him and he'll tell
-ggg ITO\ y/ 1/ f . ts | you.”
We have received a new stock of this splendid pamphlet by the secretary of the Red
International of Labor Unions. ~ .
’ *t »/•
——— Order from your local DAILY WORKER agent or bv mall from
15c EACH the daily worker
L 11113 W. Washington Blvd. Chicago, Illinois
- y: k • fe .v —a
\ Pittsburgh, Kas., Leads!
% Fill* 70% of It* Quota in \
» the Second Annual \
a Sub Campaign.
Jim
JAPANESE WOMEN
SLAVE IN MILLS
12 HOURS A DAY
Guarded to Cut Off
Escape ■
OITA, Japan, March 29.—One mil
lion Japanese women and .gjrls are
kept virtual prisoners in Japants silk
and cotton factories, where they are
forced to labor 12 hours a Baylor 40
cents a day. 1 l ' M ’ -■
One such factory herd, owned' by
a foreign corporation'which owns 42
such factories, is typical; The factory
is enclosed by an eight foot*%all to
prevent the escape of the'<l^,ooo'girls
who are housed wlthita MtS Stalls.
Sentries stand guard over “the gates.
The girls live in cramped - tfuarters
provided by the factory."' They work
from 7:50 a- m. to 7:80 p. m. with
no Sunday rest.
Overseers stationed thruout "the-fac
tory keep the girls working at’ top
speed. Girls as young as-’ fthd 10
years of age are made to fcfhor in
these textile mills.
Union Official* of s '
Sweden Compromise
to End Big Lockout
1 ' i; TDO J
(Special to the Daily Worker.)
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, March 29 —
The lockout in Sweden of the workers
in five industries, affecting 130,000
employes, was called off yesteday af
ter a compromise agreement between
the officials of the general labor fed
eration and the association of employ
ers. The union officials had previous
ly refused to call a national general
strike to assist the locked out work
ers, as demanded by the rank and file.
FRENCH MINERS FELL
1,000 FEET IN GAGE
TO DEATH AT BOTTOM
NANCY, March 29.—Ninety min
nere leaving a ehaft in the Sarre
and Moselle mines at Merlebach,
Lorraine, Thursday, were preoipi
tated from a height of 1,000 feet
when the elevator cable broke near
the surface.
The miners were traveling up
from work on a three-deck elevator
when the cable gave way. In spite
of immediate rescue measures the
miners have not yet been reached.
Altho cries were heard at the pit’s
mouth these are believed to have
come from miners in the galleries
below who witnessed the tragedy,
In which all are believed to have
perished.
Production Declining
But Still Higher Now
Than It Wa* in 1924
WASHINGTON, March 29. Re
ports from the federal reserve dis
tricts summarizing general business
and financial conditions, show that
production In basic Industries declin
ed in February and'the early part of
March from the high output of Janu
ary, but continued above the level of
a year ago.
Despite a decline in the prices of
agricultural commodities, the average
of wholesale prices rose slightly. The
Index of production In twenty-two
basic Industries, which is adjusted to
allow for differences In the number
of working days and for seasonal vari
ations, declined 3 per cent in Febru
ary, but continued to be higher than
at any time since the peak reached in
May, 1923.
Subscribe for the DAILY
WORKER!
THE DALLY WORKER
BID BUSINESS
‘DEFLATES’ IHE
WHEAT FARMER
Knock* 55 (Merits Off in
Two Month*
Will the recent break of 26% cents
a bushel In wheat In three days and
the steady decline to a level 65c be
low the middle of January wake the
farmers up to the fact that they were
duped by a fictitious price situation
into electing Coolldge? According to
Griswold in the Chicago Journal of
Commerce, “the oldest trader on the
exchange has no recollection of a sit
uation that Is comparable to this."
"In a normal market,” says Gris
wold, “no exaggeration of opinion, no
distortion of market news could drive
a single wheat option close to the pre
war level and then chop 66c off the
price,” before the option expires. Os
course this market had been rigged
to take the wind out of the farmer
labor combination.
A month ago the New York Times
pointed out that the term world short
age of wheat had been somewhat
loosely used. It said that, excluding
Russia, production would be about
3,100,000,000 bushels which compares
very well with 3,742,000,000 In 1922
and 3,106,000,000 in 1921. The esti
mated yield never reached 3,000,000,-
000 In any other postwar year.
The department of agriculture now
says that there is enough wheat on
hand in the country “to meet domes
tic requirements for feed, seed and
flour, allow for exports equal to those
from March 1 to June 30 last year and
leave a carryover of about 51,000,000
bushels.” It points out that in the
first eight weeks of 1925 Australia and
Argentine furnished the world market
50 per cent more wheat than a year
ago and that the world’s commercial
stocks Feb. 1 were 376,000,000 bush
els, the largest since the war except
1924 and only 6,000,000 under that
year. Also three, percent more acre
age has been sown to winter wheat
than in 1924.
The high prices around election did
not go to the farmer. He delivered
his wheat between July and Feb. 1 at
an average of 31.24 a bushel, most of
it having been sold far in advance of
the boom.
Wheat headed for over $2 was only
an election promise. It fooled many
into believing that It would hold until
the next crop. But the hope gave
Coolldge the west.
Children Born After
Revolution Make High
Comparative Showing
MOSCOW—(FP)—Tests made by
the state research Institute of the
children born of employes of the Peter
Alexlev textile factory, show that the
average physical condition of Russian
infants is higher than before the revo
lution. Three month old babies show
sounder and greater physical develop
ment than six month old babies in
pre-revolutionary days. The tests in
cluded chest and head measurements,
height and general power of resis
tance.
The anxiety generally felt in Rus
sia for the health of generation
born Immediately after the revolution
When the whole nation had been
physically and nervously sapped, is
diminishing. Tests, made throughout
Russia prove that the weakened con
dition of mothers after the revolution
was no greater than their constantly
weakened condition in pre-revolution
ary days, caused by the permanent
j strain of poverty and Insecurity. The
j experts making these testa do not
ascribe the improvement to Improved
physical conditions of life, for these
have not bettered sufficiently as yet
to cause so great an effect, but to the
Improvement in the outlook on life of
the parents, ther greater security,
their relief from constant anxiety,
and the generally wholesome mental
life which-the workers are leading.
Ohio Bill, to Dope
Children of Public
Schools, Is Killed
COLUMBUS, Ohio, March 29.—Ad
vocates of the Buchanan bible bill,
which would force public school chil
dren of Ohio to read ten verses of
the bible every day In the public
schools, were defeated In the senate.
The senate calendar committee, by a
vote of four to one, refused to place
the bill, aimed to dope the minds of
the children, on the calendar for ac
tion during the closing hours of the
present session of the senate.
The bill is said to be dead so far
as this session of the legislature is
concerned, altho It has already pass
ed the house.
" ' ' ' —. N
And While You Build the Labor Movement —
For every $6.00 worth of subs (SB.OO worth in Chicago) we will gladly send you
a leather binder with patent clasp making all sheets detachable; with pocket for
reoeipts and note paper for your use—containing a full descriptive catalogue of
all Communist books and publications front "The source of all Communist liter •
atune in this country"—The DAILY WORKER , 1113 W. Washington , Blvd.,
Chfdago, Illinois .
■--*4 -rrr
A MINING TOWN LEADS!
Communist Organizer Show* How.
IT la quite appropriate that a town in th# rebellious Kansas coal fields
should lead the campaign to “Build the DAILY WORKER." Pittsburg,
Kansas, home of militant minera’ who are supporting Alec Howatt, in
the still unorganized Communist territory turne in 70 per cent if Its
quota with one blow In the second week of the Second Annual Sub
Campaign.
Comrade J. E. Snyder, organizer working in this territory sends in
the subs that are a reaponae to hia moasago of what the DAILY
WORKER means to militant minera. We look for even greater sup
port from here before the oampalgn Is ended. ‘
New Orleans, where Communism la atiil unheard of, one lone Red
turns in four aubs to fill 40 per cent of his quota and we look to this
militant, J. C. Daa, to finish a brilliant beginning.
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Is doing nobly with 22.4 por cent of Ita quota
already filled and Comrade Shklar, looal aeoretary and DAILY WORKER
agent threatens that Milwaukee will lead again aa it did In the first week.
Tom Mathews, who is greatly the reaeon for ao much Communist
activity on “main street,” with a batch of tuba filled 22 per cent of the
quota for Omaha, Nebraska.
Moat eltlsa have not begun to stir yet. New York, which haa turned
In a couple thousand short term tuba thru • apeelal oampalgn, will toon
be buoy thruout the branches on the present campaign and like Chicago
and Philadelphia will aeon be racing for leadership.
e ea e
These locals and individuals are building for
Communism. Are you? Perform the simple
task of getting at least two NEW subs before
June 15 and your local will be among the lead
ers. The quotas set give equal opportunity for
all locals—GET IN THE CAMPAIGN.
THE RACE
in the Second Annual Sub Campaign.
Suba Percentage
Sent In Quota < Filled
Pittsburg, Kansas -7 10 70
New Orleans, La 4 10 40
Milwaukee, Wls 28 125 22.4
Omaha, Neb 11 50 22
Pocatello, Ind 2 10 20
Miami, Florida 1 . 10 10
S isters vi I Ic, IV, Va. .................. .1 ..... 10 10
Port Vule, Pa 1 10 10
Salt Lake City, Utah 1 10 10
West Concord, N. H 1 10 10
Jameatewn, N. Y 1 10 10
West New York, N. J j 10 10
Alliance, Ohio 1 10 10
West Allis, Wit 3 30 10
Chisholm, Minn. 1 10 10
Woodlawn. Pa 1 10 10
Rockford, 111 4 50 8
Philadelphia, Pa 18 250 7.2
Kansas City, Kans 2 20 6.7
Portland, Ore .4 60 6.6
Superior, Wla 3 60 5
Buffalo, N. Y 4 100 4
Detroit, Mich 20 500 4
Pontiac, Mleh. 1 25 4
Denver, Colo. 2 50 4
Providence, R. 11 30 3.3
Revere, Mass 1 30 3.3
Astoria, Ore 1 30 3.3
Elizabeth, N, J. .«»««.«,.«.«. ,.».««#. 1 30 3.3
Boeton, Mate 7200 3.5
Pittsburgh, Pa 7 250 2.8
Los Angeles, Cal 4 160 2.7
Ban Franelsoo, Cal 4 160 2.7
McKeesport, Pa 1 40 2.5
Worcester, Mate 1 60 2
Chicago. 111. 23 1500 1.6
Baltimore, Md 1 75 1.3
Cleveland, Ohio 4 450 .9
Now York, N. Y 7 1500 .5
Toledo, Ohio 1200 .6
Minneapolis. Minn 1200 .5
e e e •
These Active Builder*
were among those who have turned in NEW suba to swell the total
above. They have turned in tube arriving at the end of the week and
if your name is net in the list—WlLL IT BE THERE SOON T
Chicago, 111., M. Gomez, 1; D. E. Earley, 1; A. E. Valentine, 2;
I. L. Davidson, 1.
Philadelphia, Pa., William Kogerman 1.
Pittsburgh, Pa., Fred Merrick, 4,
West New York, N. J., A. T. Zaparka, 1.
Cleveland, Ohio, Theodore Evanoff, 1; H. Reyonen, 1.
Portland, Ore., Harry Scolnlek, 2.
Boeton, Meee., Albert Wolabard, 1; Elsie Pultur, 1; Robert Zelme, 2.
Aetorla, Ore., Nestor Williams, 1.
Saskatoon, Bask., Can. 1.
Detroit, Mich.,,J. Maazanlo, 1; N. Stoyanoff, I.
Oakland, Cal., A. C. Makutlnas, 1.
Loa Angeles, Cal., S. Globerman, 2; M. Molnar, 1.
Milwaukee Wie., G. S. Shklar, 2.
Salt Like City, Utah, William 8. Dalton, 1.
Superior, Wls., Ellen Llmponen, 2.
Elizabeth, Pa., Harry Janolewlcz, 1.
LOOSE BUSINESS
DEALS OF SCHOOL
BOARD EXPOSED
As the time nears for a showdown
between tne organized teachers of
Chicago and the proposed company
union backers In the superintend
ent’s office and the board, charges and
evidence of administrative inefficiencj
and loose business dealings pile up.
Instead of meeting the congestion
of children in the schools, the school
authorities have allowed the seating
shortage to become over 3,000 greater
than last year when 76,619 pupils had
no proper accommodation. This Is
certified to the board’s finance com
mittee by Its firm of accountants
which urges the board to get down
to business In the following words:
“This condition, the great serious
ness of which is exemplified by the
fact that the board will actually lose
ground during 1925 in the matter of
overtaking the seating shortage, calls
for an early consideration of the whole
problem of organization.”
The Chicago Teachers’ Federation
graphically points out why children
' must do without seats in school. It
runs a full page advertisement show
ing that the taxable property In Chi
cago is valued at $40,000,000,000 but
that *36,000,000,000 of this illegally
escapes taxation.
The board of education aays, pla
toon the school; the teachers say
stop tax-fixing and tax-dodging.
The company union of Supt. McAn
drew, who wants to replace the teach
er councils by planting himself, a
couple of his assistants, some princi
pals and assistant principals among
the rank and file meetings, is still
awaiting a favorable time to put It
over.
Doctor Tell* Birth
Control Conference
We Need More Babie*
NEW YORK, March 29.—The aixth
international neo-Malthusian and
birth control conference in seaaton
at the Hotel McAlpin received quite
a jolt when Dr. Louis I. Dublin, sta
tistician of the Metropolitan Life In
surance company told them that the
figures presented in their arguments
in which they contend that all our
economic troubles are due to over
population were incorrect.
He then made a long speech to
prove that what the country needed
to cure its economic and social ills
was more babies.
"I cannot consider the underlying
causes for the decline in the birth rate
except to point to the very obvious
influence of the widespread knowledge
of contraceptive methods. Every doc
tor, every nurse, every druggist, and
every social worker will, I believe, ad
mit that such knowledge is wide
spread. Contraception is more wide
ly practiced here than in any country
in the world except Germany and
Austria.”
Mrs. Sanger replied briefly to Dr.
Dublin’s criticism.
"Every objection brought forward,”
she said, “is an old story. If he will
stay with us he will find every objec
tion answered before the conference
is over.”
Want State Board
of Education for
Illinois Schools
SPRINGFIELD, 111., March 29—The
creation of a state board of education
to consist of seven members and to
have supervision of public school mat
ters, Is before the state legislature
The proposal was in the form of a
recommendation coming from the edu
cational commission.
Under the plan members of the
state board of education would be ap
pointed by the governor from each
of the seven supreme court districts.
“It is the Intent of the commission
that this board shall be the policy
making body for public education in
Illinois,” the commission says In re
commending the bill.
“It will be without administrative
powers over school districts. Matters
of public education are now distri
buted among various officials, boards,
and departments. The commission
bolds that these scattered functions
should be combined and placed in
charge of a state board.”
Child Labor Law
Killed in the New
Hampshire Senate
CONCORD, N. H.—The New Hamp
shire senate, without a dissenting vote
concurred with the house of represen
tatives in rejecting the proposed child
labor amendment.
Page Five

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