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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, April 10, 1925, New York Edition, Image 5

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Union versus Banking
Is Issue
(Federated Prase Staff Correspondent)
Balloting for general officers of the
Inti. Assn, of Machinists Is now In
progress In local lodges thruout the
United States and Canada. It will be
completed on April 30, and the win
ners will begin the new two-year term
on July I. Hammered down by gov
ernment opposition and by the rail
road corporations and economic de
pression, the organization has today
a membership of some 70,000 as con
trasted with nearly 300,000 at the
peak of the war-time inflation of the
metal industries. Probably the total
vote cast will be 30,000.
Serious Charges.
, Vice-President J. F. Anderson, can
didate for the presidency and Vice-
President David Williams, candidate
tor editor, issuing circulars on behalf
of the opposition ticket, accuse the
Johnston-Davlson administration with
having neglected the affairs of the
union for the banking venture, and
they appear to doubt the wisdom of
the B. & O. plan as a means of hold
ing and Increasing the union member
ship. They have charged that the
Johnston group may not give a fair
count of the vote, and they ask for
a new and vigorous "fighting” policy
—implying the policy their group
would carry out.
Communists Raise Real Issues.
A lively element has been the
Trade Union Educational League,
speaking for the Communists. It ran
a ticket In the primary nominating
contest, and In the finals has sup
ported the Anderson ticket with the
purpose of building up opposition to
the B. & O. plan, and in order to pro
mote the idea of amalgamation of all
metal trades unions as well as to
safeguard Communists against expul
sions such as those carried out in
Toledo. The official journal. of the
union denounces this T. U. E. L. ac
tivity in a long editorial as being "an
unwarranted interference.” .
Dr. Cook, Oil Swindler,
Gets Soft Berth in
Leavenworth Hospital
LEAVENTWORTH, Kan., April 8—
When guards went thru the corridors
of the federal prison here at at 6:30
o’clock this morning, awakening pris
oners, Number 23,118 a new-comer,
turned over and got up.
Number 23,118 is Dr. Frederick A.
Cook, explorer, who yesterday began
serving sentence for frauds in the oil
promotion game.
Dr. Cook, according to Warden W.
A. Biddle, spent a quiet night. He
will enter on his duties in the prison
hospital the latter part of this week.
J*C 3<%8
4868. Gingham with facings of
llnene, or linen, with pipings or bind
ings in a contrasting color, would be
suitable for this model. It Is also nice
for percale or wool or cotton crepe.
The width at the foot is 1% yard.
* The pattern Is cut In eight sizes: 36,
38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48 and 60 inches
bust measure. A 38-inch size requires
644 yards of 27-lnch material If made
with long sleeves. It made with short
sleeves 644 yards will be required.
Pattern mailed to any address on
receipt of 12c In silver or stamps.
• • •
Send lto In silver or stamps for our
up-to-date Spring and Bummer 1*25
Book of Fashions, showing color plates
and containing 500 designs of ladles',
misses', and children's patterns, a oon.
else and comprehensive article on dress
snaking, also soms points for the nssdle
Wlliutratlng 80 of the various simple
stitches), all valuable hints to the home
I rasa maker
Does jour friend subscribe to
the DAILY WOBKEB? Ask him I
Reds in Italy Gain Strength
(Continued from page 1)
with us In large majority. Among the
textile workers we are gaining
strength every day and with the metal
workers too. Our paper II Sindacato
Rosso advocating affiliation with the
Red' Trade Union International has a
circulation of 15,000 weekly, which is
one-third more than the official organ
of the Confederation of Labor. We
have 1,000 party members In Milan
and the way they do the hard work
of the party—meeting in small groups
In homes, In church domes, In the
woods —conducting propaganda—and
all in danger of arrest and Imprison
ment is more inspiring than great
mass meetings and enthusiastic ad
dresses. There are 30,000 members In
the International Red Aid here.”
Many In Prison
As to question sometimes
raised by American workers as to why
the Italians have endured Mussolini's
repression so long Serrati replied:
“One must consider the terrific
measures of suppression that have
been used by the fascist!. Three or
four thousand of our most militant
workers are in prison. More are going
In daily to remain for several months
and then to he discharged with no
charges preferred. More than 5,000
have been killed as ruthlessly as one
would butcher cattle. Many thousands
have fled the country to France and
elsewhere. In many country districts
a man suspected of antl-fasclstl prin
ciples Is informed not to leave his
own house after dark. He knows what
it means If he disobeys.
"There was a time when men exer
cised their right to defend themselves
and their homes from attack but it
was soon found that the law had no
protection for them. They went to
prison for long terms like common
murderers. In the three years of
fascist control, to quote figures froa
their own paper only 250 of their
members have been killed. Under one
of Mussolini’s laws, men enlisting In
the black shirt army have had their
previous criminal records wiped clean.
Thousands of criminals and hooligans
seized this opportunity to take an Im
munity bath and to have a new pre
text for their lawlessness.
Breakdown of Socialists
"Then w T e have had years of propa
ganda of social-democratic pacifism,
with unions disrupted, co-operatives
destroyed and all organization almost
at a standstill, hits Jest the worker
with no guiding philosophy that fits
this situation. To the clear thinking
trade unionist and peasant in such a
dilemma our program comes with com
pelling force.”
Continuing, Serrati Ual3, "The aven
tine block affords an example both
of the Incoherence of nfeif of the anti
fascist opposition and of the trend In
our direction. Thera-yjoq have a con
glomeration of elements under various
parties names, liberal, socialist, re
formist, catholic, republican, social
democratic etc.,, only-held together
by their opposition to Mussolini. Many
of these same elements welcomed the
fascist! when they first came because
they wanted labor curbed. When, In
the days following the exposure of the
(f N*
6082. Printed and plain crepe are
here combined. Voile, crepe de chine
or gingham could also be used with
pipings or binding in a contrasting
color. The long sleeve portions may
be omitted.
The pattern is cut in four sizes: 8,
10, 12 and 14 years. A 12-year size
requires 244 yards of 32-inch plain
material and 144 yard of figured
material If made as illustrated. If
made of one material and with long
sleeves 344 yards will be required.
With short sleeves and of one ma
terial 344 yards will be required.
Pattern mailed to any address on
receipt of 12c in silver or stamps.
Address: The DAILY WORKER, 111 S
W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111.
a • •
patterns being sold thru ths DAILY
WORKER pattern department are fur*
slatted by a New York firm of patters
manufacturers. Ordars are lorwarded by
the DAILY WORKER every day as re
ceived, and they are mailed by the man*
ufacturer direct to the customer. The
DAILY WORKER does not keep a stock
of oatterns on hand. Delivery of pat*
lerr-e ordinarily will take at least 10 days
from the date of mailing the order. Do
not become Impatient If your pattern In
delay e4
Matttlotti murder by the government,
we withdrew from parliament with
them as a gesture of horror and pro
test the aventinos were scandalized
to have us among them.
"Now that our deputies (19) are
back in the chamber, since we feel
that abstention is childish, they
breathe easier. They pride themselves
on being strictly constitutional and
not subversive. When we sug
gested calling upon the people to re
fuse to pay taxes in support of such
a tyranny they threw up their hands
in horror. As we expected, not all of
the socialists would be satisfied with
the aventlno negative policy. The
maximalists socialists with 22 depu
ties in parliament recently took a
referendum on the question of join
ing with the aventlne bloc in present
ing candidates for election in the
various districts. Os the 30,000 votes
cast 15,000 were for co-operating with
the aventinos in its opposition pro
gram up to the elections but present
ing socialist candidates as usual in
, every possible district. 12,000 were
against co-operating with the aventi
nos and 3,000 were against the aven
tinos and for alliance with the Com
munists. The reformist socialist (24
, deputies) are co-operating fully in the
aventlne bloc.”
Metal Btrike Significant
According to Malatesta, the Com
i munists are fully prepared to take ad
vantage of the widespread dlssatis
i faction among the workers over the
increase in the cost of living coupled
with continued low wages. The strike
• of 100,000 metal workers in northern
Italy called by the fascist union which
promised to extend itself to other sec
i tions of the country and involve many
i thousands more was quite significant.
A movement was under way even be
' fore the beginning of the strike to
set up agitation committees in the
■ factories supplementing the bona-fide
trade unions. Where employers had
declared themselves against recog
nizing either the fascist trade unions
or the socialist unions, but in favor
of dealing with their own employees
direct an opportunity was given for
building real militant shop commit
Among the peasants, Malatesta said
. that it was the Communist program to
organize a federation of the small
proprietors, men tilling small patches
of their own, whose interest lay in
lower taxes and better prices and to
organize a separate federation for
wage earning landworkers w r ho were
at the mercy of the big landlords with
, out organization. The two federations
would be affiliated together for the
solution of common problems.
NEW YORK. April B. Farmers from America are invited to establish
homesteads on 150,000 dessiatins of Russian government land, or 405 000
acres, in the Volga and north Caucasian regions.
Only competent farmers and stock breeders are eligible for these grants
and, moreover, each settler is expected to bring with him $25 to S3O in
and money or equipment for each des -
siatin of land he is granted.
To Settle In Volga.
This offer Is being made by the
Russian government thru the Society
for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia,
which iB located at 799 Broadway,
New York City. The Technical Aid
Society will distribute the settlers as
follows: 12,500 to the North Caucas
ian lands; 5,000 to the Samara dis
trict; 2,500 to the Tzaritsin district
and 3,000 to the Saratov district. The
last three district are in what is pop
ularly known as the Volga region.
The terms of this offer are consid
erably different from the conditions
previously prescribed for settlers
from America. The American settler
in Russia need not go into a co-op
erative farming project if he prefers
to undertake his farming Independ
ently. Land will be furnished for
a twelve year lease to the amount of
50 dessiatins with the option of re
newing the lease at the time of its
expiration It the farmer has proven
himself an efficient agriculturalist.
Low transportation on the govern
ment railways and other privileges,
such as lumber at cheaper rates,
seeds on credit and agricultural cred
its will be allowed these settlers.
To Rebuild Farms.
Officials of the Technical Aid So
ciety state that "the Soviet Union has
two purposes In view in making thh
offer to American farmers. One of
these is the rehabilitation of former
Russians and the other is the devel
opment of modern farming methods
In Russia. No applicants for this at
tractive offer will be accepted unless
they can meet the requirements In
experience and in capital to equip
their farms In the most efficient and
modern manner.’’
First Spring Dance
and Bunco Party
will be given
Saturday, April 11, 8 P. M.
at 1902 W. Division Stroot
Mutio by I. Letchinger and Mg
Midwest Syncopators,
First Class Union Jazz Orchestra.
Auspices: BRANCH NO. B, Y. W. L.
Admission 26 Oonts,
Operate 4 Breweries in
Arrests of "vice kings,” in many!
parts of the country, were predicted
here today as the elaborate records
of an alleged booze and vice trust,
seized in a raid on the organization’s
‘‘business headquarters” here yester
day were checked over.
Loose-leaf ledgers, memorandum ac
couts, day books, filing cabihets and
all the other devices of modern book
keeping whicbr kept an office force
numbering more than 20 in regular
employment, and which, it is said,
give details of stupendous transac
tions in illicit boOze running and dis
tributing were seized. Police today
were to attempt to get in touch with
some of the persons whose names
figure in the records.
Wealthy Families Involved.
These, it waa said, Include hun
dreds of wealthy Chicagoans, saloon
keepers whose accounts for beer and
liquor were kept in the same orderly
fashion that department store might
keep its records, policemen and pro
hibition agents bribed, Inmates of
disorderly houses, in which the
"trust” is also believed to have traf
ficked and various items in the con
nection with the transportation of
liquor from “tidewater” at Miami, New
Orleans and New York to Chicago.
One set of books, it was said, was
given over to the business of four
Chicago breweries which the “trust”
is believed to have operated in al
most open defiance of the dry laws.
Hlghsr-Ups Still Free.
Eight men, all minor officials of the
trust, who were arrested in the estab
lishment, cloaked as a doctor’s office
on South Michigan Boulevard, will be
given hearings today while an effort
is being made to take the alleged
“higher-ups” into custody.
Escaped Boy Caught.
ANDERSON, Ind., April B.—Hiding
in a small shirt box which was nailed
up by a fellow prisoner, Frank Jer
vovide, 17, escaped from the Indiana
reformatory at Pendleton, but was
caught two hours later. He will serve
a longer term as a result of his act.
The boy’s father lives in Detroit and
is said to be wealthy.
Get a sub—make another Com
munist! <3
Coast Employers
Entertain Their
Wealth Protectors
tainment by San Francisco and Oak
land businessmen of the 45,000 men
of the combined Pacific and Atlantic
fleets prior to their departure April
15 for a cruise in Far Pacific waterg,
got under full swing today.
Luncheons, dinners, boxing exhibi
tions and dances have been arranged
tor today, tonight and tomorrow. A
luncheon was given in honor of the
Defeat Prohibition
PERTH, Australia, April 8. —No pro
hibition for West Australia was the
outcome of a vote taken there it was
announced today.
To those who work hard for their
money, I will save 50 per cent on all
their dental work.
645 Smithfield Street.
, Show tho Workers the Strength ~,‘ "° r * e *... „,.
That is Theirs! On May 1 jrrrr^r
Demonetratlon It not enough. Name - E
Teach the worker*—thru the DAILY WORKER—that
their* I* the power that move* th* world, and their* I* Street
the power that ehould control It.
Order a bundle for dlatribution on May Day—or pre- city • ••••••• ••!••••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••Aimmmnminnm U
viou* day* to
a epecial iaaue will Include a 6-page Magaalne Section
of apltndid May Day feature*. Q.
Thl* Motion will be Included In *v*ry i**u* timed to
reach every Motion of th* country on May Firat. f**— ST /
o matter of the, country you 'j >H9Bk
the Itay Special
wo later than
Decide and order NOW! »*t32j D
Bundle order* cent* a oopy.
For Instance Our Agent in Philadelphia
The matter of doing constructive Communist building of the move
ment and its official organ Is a matter of capable, practical organiza
tional ability.
It is not built on any fancy, novel Ideas but on systematic, common
sense, "next-step measures” born of an understanding of the needs of the
,Such organizers are being developed from the ranks of our DAILY
WORKER agents and BUILDERS and a little note from one of them will
give you an Insight Into their methods This note is from Comrade Lena
Rosenberg of Philadeiphia, one of the very best City Agents in the
country and this note clearly explains why. The comrade writes:
Almost all of our DAILY WORKER agents are
doing something. They all get certain work to do
and have to report on the results. If they fail to get
a sub or renewal, they have to EXPLAIN WHY—
and then if i or any other agent feels a mistake has
been made, we discuss it and either I or somebody
else is sent after the person again. Then if an agent
does not show up to a meeting I go after the branch
and the branch agent has to explain and that way
every agent has to at least show that he or she is
TRYING to do something. I have a few more agents
but they failed to even show a willingness to do
anything and so I am going after the branches when
they meet next and GET SOMEONE ELSE
Now these are simple measures—but they are alao extremely essen
tial. It is just these measures that move the branch and local into
action. These simple measures are also a matter of slow, painstaking
and heart-breaking work—the kind that soon shows up the comrades
of weak will and weaker understanding of the movement—but also the
kind that by dint of work in the face of obstacles develops and makes
possible the best type of a Communist organizer.
If you really want to learn how the workers think and speak and
you want to really “go to the masses” with the Communist message—
trying getting subs for the DAILY WORKER.
These comrades did the kind of work that will build our movement
and were successful in getting new subs for the Second Annual Sub
Campaign. Some you will notice got mors than one.
POTTSVILLE, PA.—Peter Billick (2).
MONESSEN, PA.—Leo Kauppila.
PONTIAC, MICH.—B. Mircheff.
CHICAGO, ILL—D. E. Earley.
CLEVELAND, O.—J. A. Hamilton (2); Sam Holzman; E. Schweitzer.
STAMFORD, CONN—Arthur A. Socket.
Your Union Meeting
Second Thuraday, March 12, 1925.
Name of Local and
No. Place of Meeting.
6 Brick and Clay, A. O. U. W. Hall,
Dolton, 111.
IS Carpenters, 118 S. Ashland Blvd.
68 Carpenters, 6416 S. Halsted fit.
341 Carpenters, 1440 Emma St.
434 Carpenters, South Chicago, 11037
Michigan Ave.
504 Carpenters, Ogden and Kedzle.
115 Engineers. 9223 Houston Ave.
16835 Federal Labor Union, 2110 N. Robey
499 Firemen and Englnemen, Spring
field and North Aves.
840 Hod Carriers, Harrison and Green
13 Ladles' Garment Workers, 328 W.
Van Buren St.
3 Marble Polishers. 810 W. Harrison
17320 Nurses, 771 Gilpin Ave.
Painters' District Council, 1446 W.
Adams St.
371 Painters. Dutt's Hall. Chicago
25 Paper Rulers, 59 E. Van Buren St.,
6:30 p. m.
17801 Park Employee, 810 W. Harrison
774 Hallway Clerks, b6th and Black
1269 Railway Clerks. 3124 S. Halsted St.
1844 Railway Clerks, Harrison and
Green Sts.
877 Railway Trainmen, 64th & Univer
sity, 8:15 p. m.
ISO Signalmen, 180 W. Washington St.
742 Teamsters, 9206 Houston Ave.
- Wood Turners' Union. Liberty
Hall. 3420 W. Roosevelt Rd.
(Note —Unless otherwose all meetings
are at 8 p. m.)
(Note —Unless otherwise stated all
meetings are at 8 p. m.)
Frauen-Kranken-Unterstuetzungs Vereln
Meets every Ist & 3rd Thursday,
Wicker Park Hall,
3040 W. North Avenue.
By G. Zinoviev, I. Stalin and L. Kamenev.
$ >
Three world known Communist leaders contrib
ute in this single volume of 76 pages on an im
portant discussion, making it a book of perma
nent value.
A rare and exhaustive treatment of a subject
that will lead to a thoro Communist understand
A valuable book for the workers’ library—and a
guide to Communist clarity.
G*t it from your DAILY WORKER agent or by mail from
The Daily Worker
1113 W. Waehington Blvd. Chicago, 111,
Try to Buy Congress,
Senator Warns
(Special to The Daily Worker.)
WASHINGTON, April B.—Warning
against a drive on the part of the
chamber of commerce of the United
States to raise a huge propaganda
fund with which to bring about the
repeal of inheritance tax laws, the re
peal of publicity of income tax re
turns, the reduction of surtaxes on
big incomes and the giving of Muscle
Shoals and other natural resources
to private monopolies, is issued by
Senator Norris of Nebraska.
He has been informed, he says, that
the chamber is trying to get 2,000,000
persons to contribute $7 each as mem
bership fees, and that this sum ol
{14,000,000 will be used to influence
federal legislation.
“That fund would be the most
sinister Influence for bad government
in the whole history of our. nation,”
he declared. “It Bavors of an attempt
to buy out congress.”
Officials of the chamber deny that
they have any such plan under con
sideration. They are, however, trying
to get individuals to pay $7.50 each
for a three-year subscription to their
magazine, in which the propaganda
material of the organization is publish
ed. They have gone into the fight for
untaxing the rich and for repeal of
publicity of income tax returns. They
are now about to send out a refer
endum to their thousands of members
on the issue of repeal of inheritance
taxes. Their stand in favor of leasing
Muscle Shoals to private interests hss
been widely advertised.
A Little Contrast of
Two Countries Upon
Handling Prisoners
The following Items appeared in
the same column in the Chicago Jour
nal of Commerce April 6, 1926:
"U. 8. Prleone are Packed—Leaven
worth, Kan. —Steps are under way to
relieve congestion at the federal pris
on here. Other federal prisons in vari
ous cities report the same condition.”
• • •
"Soviets Free 1,000 Prisoners.—
Kiev, Russia. —The Soviet commission
examining Russian prisoner* yester
day released more than 1,000 convicts
many of them sentenced on political
Page Five

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