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THE DAILY WORKER Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO. 1113 W, Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111, Phone Monroe 4712 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall (In Chioago only): By mall (outside of Chicago): SB.OO per year $4.50 six months $6.00 per year $3.50 six months $2.50 three months $2.00 three months Address all mall and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, Illinois J. LOUIS ENGDAHL j ~~ " WILLIAM F. DUNNE f Editors MORITZ J. EDEB Business Manager Entered as second-class mail September 21, 1923, at the post-office at Chi cago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879. 290 Advertising rates on application. Murdering Miners Another coal mining disaster in Coal Glen, North Carolina. With monotonous regularity the press has been chronicling these holocausts for the last six months and each new accident adds further horrors to the history of coal mining ip the United States. The mine in which the explosion occurred is non-union and the unconcerned attitude of the company for the lives of the-miners is well shown by the fact that they do not know exactly how many workers were in the mine at the time of the explosion or how many are entombed. We quote from a dispatch to the capitalist press: Records showed that 59 men, 39 white and 20 Negroes, had com prised the mine orew, but mine officials reported that 71 miners’ lamps were missing, and It was believed that the figure might rep- # resent the number entombed on a final check. This is an unheard of thing even in American mining annals filled as they are with incidents of criminal carelessness and disre gard for the lives of the workers. If can only be a result of the great supply of workers and the absolute power of the coal capital ists over them. The employes of this concern have evidently been herded into the mine like sheep and but little attempt was made to comply with the first rule of mining—to know the number of men in the mine and their location in the various workings at any hour of the day. Only in the United States could such criminal neglect be ac cepted as a matter of course. It shows that enjoying immunity from any union regulation the coal capitalists are literally sprinkling the coal with the blood of workers. With such damning evidence of the utter brutality of unchecked exploitation on their hands the United Mine Workers of America have an opportunity to invade the non-union fields and bring these workers into the union. Only aii officialdom concerned more with war on the left wing militants in the union than with the welfare of the coal miners in the United States will neglect such an opportunity. More Suppression The registration and finger-printing of foreign-born workers is being urged by the steel trust Secretary of Labor Davis, a conven tion of police chiefs in New York is urged to centralize the machinery used to hound revolutionary workers and now the suggestion is made to the convention of the California division of an international iden tification by the chief of detectives of Los Angeles that all the unem ployed be finger-printed. These occurrences show a very definite trend in a certain direc tion—that of hampering the freedom of movement of the workers and bringing them under the strictest possible supervision of the capitalist state. The basis for legalized blacklisting and restriction is already laid by the various employment and “personal record" schemes of the big industries. It only remains to give these a legal veil and the thing is done. Unemployment for about two million workers, and the nnmber is increasing constantly even in the most prosperous times, is a chronic condition in the United States. Specialization, standardiza tion and piece work are turning out more and more commodities with less and less workers. The international markets are becoming more and more narrow. Further expansion, without the impetus given by war, is impossible. Unemployed workers are a menace to capitalism. They are liv ing proof of its failure to function. The natural thing for capitalism is to suppress them. Finger-printing is one of the methods by which suppression is made easier. If revolutionary workers, foreign-born workers and unemployed workers can be cowed into submission, cap italist government haH greatly weakened the whole labor movement. To be without a job always has been a crime since chattel slavery, followed by feudalism and capitalism, replaced the com munal tribal society. Landless men have been synonomous with lawless men and with the coming of the machine age the jobless man has had to suffer the persecution meted out formerly to the landless and therefore masterless man. It was not many years ago that landless, jobless and masterless men in England were whipped at the cart tail for the first offense, had their ears cut off for the second and were hanged for the third. In the American colonies they were whipped and branded. The system of persecution today is somewhat more refined, but the bullpens, stockades and jails of capitalism, reinforced with the proposed finger print system, are intended to show the workers their place just as were the bloodier punishments of the earlier period. The Workers (Communist) Party alone points out to the work ers the trend of events. It alone urges them to organize, solidify their ranks on the bapis of the class struggle and oppose American capitlaism at every point. It alone points out the need for a labor party based on the trade unions which will bring all working class problems on to the political field and thus unite the scattered units of the working class movement in the struggle which is becoming ever sharper as the incidents we cite show with irresistible force. Further evidence of the counter-revolutionary activities of the American government, which we mentioned in connection with the deportation case framed up against Mrs. Kannasto, is contained In thg suppression of the Esthonian Workers Party paper Vm Vim by the department of justice of Esthonia with the aid of the United (Slates postal department. It is a poor counter revolutionary government indeed that can not gel aid and comfort from the state power of the American cap italist class. The only requirement for assistance is relentless war fare on the workers. Japan is sending a warship to intimidate the Chinese strikers in the districts where Japanese capitalists own the mills. This will arouse much indignation in American anti-Japanese circles, but it is well to remember that American warships take a trip to Tnmpico and other La tin-American ports when the workers strike against American oil capitalists. The methods of imperialism are the same the world over The Split in the SociaFDemocratic Party of Hungary ■ ■ By QU. (Budapest) TIHE split In the social-democratic party of Hungary occurred sooner than had been anticipated. Never theless no one was taken by surprise. A serious organized opposition arose in the socialist party of Hungary a year ago at the party conference. This opposition took its stand against the party leadership on principle. Their slogans, passed by a unanimous reso lution of the opposition as much as a year ago, were: “Down with the bour geois coalition! Long Live the alliance with the landless peasantry! Down with the sham parliamentary light! Parliamentary action must be rein forced by the action of the masses!” The opposition further demanded that j the Bethlen agreement be published and that measures be taken against j the persons responsible for this shameful document. rpHE party leaders of the Second Socialist International, being utter ly corrupt, have for the past year made every efTort to muzzle the oppo sition. For this purpose they have made use of every means at their dis posal. They tried to corrupt the lead ers of the opposition and offered them desirable posts, As this was to no purpose, they disciplined those lead ers of the opposition who held office in the party. Later they expelled lead ers of the opposition by the dozen from the party and from the trade unions. Neither did they hesitate pub licly to denounce the expelled leaders as Bolsheviki by raising a campaign against them and declaring that the funds of the opposition had been ob tained from Moscow thru the Red Aid. All this however, was in vain. In spite of changes in the leadership, the opposition gained ground day by day. The discontent with the party leaders and with trade union bureucracy as well as with the treacherous policy which they continued to pursue, in creased in the most important prole tarian party organizations, in the vari ous great factories and in the trade unions. Sanitation was accompanied by a fearful crisis. Unemployment, J New Interest in the Philippines The increase of tension between the United States and Japan can be guaged with some accuracy by the amount of attention that the capitalist press is devoting to the Filipino independence move ment. The Philippines are needed in the campaign for supremacy in the Pacific by the American imperialists. They are of comparative ly little value as fields of exploitation, altho this enters into the question. It is their strategic value that is causing all the furore over composition of the population of the islands and the same thing can be remarked in the deluge of articles dealing with Hawaii. The strategy of the American ruling class in the Philippines is exposed, unconsciously, of course, by the capitalist press. It consists in driving a wedge between the Filipino proper and the islander with Spanish or Chinese blood in his veins. It is remarked by one cor respondent that Quezon, the leader of the nationalist movement, is a Spanish half-caste and aspersions are made on the islanders of this blood mixture. The Filipinos, it is said, are very friendly to America, but no explanation is made as to the reason for the recent slaughter of so many of them by the armed forces of the American government. The social divisions among the island population as a result of the mixture Os races are carefully analized and the conclusion arrived at that it is the islanders of mixed parentage who are the backbone of the independence movement. This is the old game of divide and conquer combined with the policy of blaming outlanders for anti-ruling class agitation. It h.is been used very successfully by the British imperialists and our rulers seem to have taken a leaf out of their book. The way to meet this attempt to divide the Filipino population against themselves is to give greater force to the agitation for in dependence while at the same time stressing the common needs of the Filipino workers and peasants for abolition of robbery by cap italists, native and foreign. The working class and peasantry in all colonial countries are the only solid foundation on which to build liberation movements. Any attempts to make their problems a side issue results in defeat and betrayal of the whole movement. The middle class can always be bought off by the imperialists and when continued activity re sults in puppet governments, as in the case of the Irish Free State and the equally servile Egyptian national government, the workers and peasants find they have received nothing but necessity for con tinning the struggle. If the Philippine nationalists will raise such slogans as the divi sion of the big estates, abolition of peonage, the right of peasants and plantation workers to combine and administer the land, etc., they will find that the attempts of the American exploiters to divide the islanders on the basis of nationality and race will fail. The Furriers * Election The election of the slate of the Furriers’ Union composed of can didates of the left wing and the progressive bloc is not only a defeat for the Kaufman machine, one of the worst in the needle trades, but marks the advance of the fighting elements in the union to a position of leadership. • On the New York joint board the left wing will undoubtedly have important places and in this key body will be able to initiate organizing and wage campaigns that the Kaufman machine has either neglected or sabotaged. The defeat of the leadership follows a long period in which the left wing has lw*en met with opposition of the most unscrupulous kind. Expulsions, blacklisting and the use of gunmen have featured the offensives against the left wing, but thru it all its forces have stood solid. It has been the machine forces that have suffered demoralization, not the left wing. The progressive bloc, with which the left wing made an elec tion alliance has all the usual characteristics of the pure and simple opposition to a union machine. It is timid and hesitating and can he expected to do little in the struggle to stamp out the remnants of Kaufmanism in the union. For this reuson the future tasks of the left wing, if they are to be successful, and by successful we mean the permeation of the whole union with the spirit of class conscious ness and militancy, are of a very difficult nature and will, require much skill, understanding and courage. I he left wing, we feel sure, will approach thelsr new responsibil ities in the true revolutionary spirit and maintain and extend the left base in the iieedle trades that has been streiifthened by the re suits of the recant election. j THE DAILY WORKER ■ the systematically Hniroduced working ■ on short time, the cost of sanitation - and the constant rise of prices which . continued in spite Qf the "stabiliza . tion” of the crown. Caused such dis l tress that it became impossible fur i ther to support the Bethlen govern ■ ment in its original treacherous form, • since it did not even guarantee a spe ■ cial unemployment allowance. 1 TN order to lead the discontented -*■ and indignant working people ’ astray, the swindling social democrat -1 io leaders acted the comedy of parlia mentary passivity and, after the rus ’ cally Bethlen agreement, they con cluded an equally treacherous pact ' with the reactionary bourgeois parties. They formed a "democratic block" ' with the legitimists, war agitators and ' Panamlsts, for better or worse, and resolved to carry thru the municipal • elections which were to take place ' in Budapest on May 1 15. in common ' with these reactionary bourgeois par ' ties in such away that, according to 1 agreament, the great majority should ' be left to the bourgeois parties regard • less of the fact that in 1922 at the 1 elections in Budapest, the social de ' mocratlc party had gained 40 per cent ’ qf all the votes. The social-democratic traitors wish , ed to make the workers believe that , they were not strong enough to fight . alone, but that the counter-revolutlon ; ary supremacy could be defeated with the help of the bourgeoisie. In vain was it pointed out that the very bourgeois politicians who now figure on the common list have al ready betrayed the workers innumer able times on similar occasions. In vain was it pointed out that large cap italist and directors of the large banks cannot be expected to fight in the in terest of the proletariat, that manu facturers who exploit their workers so cruelly that they have for several, years been boycotted by .the trade unions, will certainly not fight in the town council for labor interests and j against reaction, which is their sup- port. It was In vain that the leaders of all the large local groups In Buda pest issued a warning, that in no circumstances could they support the central committee unless the latter broke off its connections with the ene mies of the workers. The leaders of the socialist party of Hungary did not put an end to their alliance with the bourgeoisie, they preferred to risk losing their proletarian adherents! This decision of the central commit tee of the socialist party, of Hungary roused a very natural indignation in labor circles. From all sides it was demanded that the matter should be cleared up, from all sides the demand was made that the newest treachery should be prevented even though it could only be done by a formal breach of discipline, and demands were made that the party leaders should be made to pay for theid old crimes. rnHE leaders of the opposition had no reason for avoiding the fight which was so passionately demanded. They made a final attempt and, as this failed, they decided to strike out. In accordance with their slogan “Down with the bourgeois coalition!” the organized opposition resolved to enter the election campaign independ ently and to form an independent la bor party. The “Hungarian Socialist Labor Party” was actually founded on April 114th. The traitors to the working class ! used every means in their power to prevent this or, if this should not be possible, to discredit the new labor party from the beginning. On April 8, when the opposition held its inaugural meeting, the heroic so cial-democratic leaders succeeded in smuggling into the gallery of the old house of parliament, which was filled with workers, 200 —300 of their follow ers; these, under the leadership of social-democratic deputies, caused such confusion with trumpets, drums and shouting that the police dissolved the assembly. CANADIAN PAPER 1 NAILS LIE OF RELIEF REFUSAL $5,000 Sent by R. I. L. U. Wa* Accepted (Special to the DAILY WORKER.) TORONTO, Ont., Can., May 28.—As many workers both in Canada and the' United States have been deceived by widespread capitalist piopaganda in to belief that the executive board of District 26, Nova Scotia United Mine Workers, refused the $6,000 sent to the relief of the strikers and their families by the Red International of Labor Unions, “The Worker,” organ of the Communist Party of Canada, publishes the following in an editorial of the current issue: “It is manifest that there is con siderable misunderstanding as to what happened to the five thousand dollars donated by the Russian work ers to their comrades in Nova Scotia. There is an Impression that the mon ey was refused by the officers of the district. “That is not the case. ‘The Work er’ hoped that had been made quite clear when the letter accepting the money from Jim McLachlan was pub lished in our columns uffder the sig nature of the secretary of the district, Alex. McKay. “What happened was that Comrade McLachlan at first offered the money for distribution to the Citizens’ Re lief Committee where it was refused. The middle class gang of sob sisters sabotaged on the money because that gift stood for workers’ international solidarity. The kept press at once seized on this action to represent it as coming from the miners them selves. The organs of the yellow Am sterdam International were delirious in their Joy at what they conceived to be a slap in the face to Russian labor. "Where the officers of the district played the interests of the miners false was in not immediately protest ing against this action of the Citi zen's Committee when they must have known that their silence would be open to misinterpretation. ‘‘But the rank andfflle were not si lent. Protest after protest poured In from the locals demanding that the money be gratefully received. By this time Comrade McLachlan offered the money direct to the executive and they immediately acknowledged its receipt.” Republican Negro Demands Office. ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., May 28. Isaac Nutter, a Negro attorney who worked for the republicans in the last election, has taken the politicians promises literally and now demands, his pay. He has filed a petition sign ed by 1,800 men and women in the Atlantic county clerk's office as can didate for senator on the republican ticket in opposition to Senator Emer son L. Richards, who seeks re-election. Dead Beate Meet. WASHINGTON, May 28.—A meet ing of the American debt funding com mission will be held before congress meets In December to draft a report on progress made in foreign debt funding with debtor nations, it was ’TN order to prevent the possibility -l of another meeting, the official so cial-democrat press introduced a po grom spirit against the former opposi tion. Day after day, in leading articles and in other articles several columns in length, they wrote that the new party had been founded by the Beth leu government and was in the pay of the “awakened Hungary” movement. When, in spite of this persecution, the Inaugural meeting of the labor party was a brilliant success and the mem bers of the new party even succeeded in causing a thoro disturbance in a meeting of the block, other underhand means were brought into action. The leaders of the Socialist-Labor party who a week previously had been branded as “awakened Hungarians,” were suddenly denounced as “Bolshe viki” who "had received an advance of 50 millions for the creation of the party." Not only the Nepszava, but also the bourgeois papers connected with it, dally make denunciations of this sort and demand severe meas ures. TT'ARL PAYER, the Hungarian Noske, even went as far as to state at a public meeting in the pres ence of the police, and to publish in the papers, that Vagi, the leader of the labor party, would not long be able to Interfere with the party, as he, Payer, was in possession of a photo graph which proves that Vagi was a “terror-rough" during the dictatorship. At the same time the partisans of the Socialist-Labor party are constant ly being expelled from the tTade un ions, and the party leaders of social democracy are working provocatively to bring about a split in the trade unions, so as to be able then to de nounce the Socialist-Labor party as the originators of this crime. In such circumstances, the newly founded labor party has no easy work In the land of the white terror. Al though at Its fundation It already has workers in the provinces immediately followed the example of the workers N. Y. PUBLIC SPEAKING CLASS STARTS NOW TO TRAIN COMRADES FOR NEXT ELECTION CAMPAIGN NEW YORK, May 28.—The Workers’ School, recognizing the necessity of training a corps of speakers for participation in the summer and fall cam paigns, will give a course In public speaking at the headquarters, 108 East 14th street, on Saturday afternoons, 3 p. m., beginning June 27. This is not .to be merely a general course with no concrete aim, but Is designed definitely to prepare comrades to speak at street meetings. All comrades are eligible to taka this course who speak English without difficulty and whose voices have some carrying power. This course is of special importance at thle time because our party in this district will soon participate in a local and state electon campaign which will require the service of the entire membership. Our election cam paign last year put the party on the map In this city and made our name known to thousands of workers. This year we must Increase our efforts. We do not have enough speakers and must develop more of them. Under the slogan, “Prepare for the Election Campaign” we must mobilize the mem bership for this work, and see that all qualified comrades take the course in public speaking. Registration it now on any day or evening at the office of the Workers’ Bcbool, 108 East 14th street. Do not delay. MILITANT MEMBER OF PROLETARIAN PARTY LINES UP WITH COMINTERN That the Proletarian Party is paying the penalty for its sectarianism in the loss of its militant elements, and is fast becoming a home for tired and cantankerous radicals, is shown by th efollowing letter which is typical of many received by the DAILY WORKER from former members of the P- P. The DAILY WORKER: As an ex-member of the proletarian party and now a member of the Work ers (Communist) Party, I wish to state some of the fundamental rea sons" for my leaving the P. P. For the last several years of its existence the P. P. directed its prin cipal efforts to criticising the Work-, ers Party for carrying out the deci sions of the Communist International in the changing situation confronting the American working class. A Bunch of Camels. No Communist Party on the globe Is free from mistakes, but the P. P. not having done anything stands a good chance of retaining its virginity, which means stefillty. A party that is In constant touch with the working class in every phase of its struggle is bound to come to wrong conclusions in analyzing cer tain situations. These mistakes are inevitable and a sure sign of activity. But those who remain within the circle of narrow minded squabbling and hair splitting; experts in memo rizing chapters of capital, like the good Christians who know the “holy bible” by heart. While the proletarian party pre tends to be a supporter of the Com munist International, it has refused to support the slogans of the C. I„ but attempts to ridicule the Workers (Communist) Party for attempting to FACTS FOR WORKERS By JAY LOVEBTONE, Director, Research Department, Workers Party — Growing ooat of maintaining capitalist government bureaucracy shown by Inoreaae In total debt of government divlelone: Government Division 1912 „ 1922 p e ». increase Counties $371,528,000 $1,272,790,000 242.$ Incorporated places 2,884,883,000 4,703,322,000 83.0 States 345,942,000 935,544,000 170.4 National (June 30, 1913 to June 30, 1923) 1,028,564,000 22,155,886,000 2,084.1 Other civil divisions 219,643,000 1,778,084,000 709.9 fIUAMO TQTAU PHftPjg VH* In the capital, although the new party is entering the municipal elections with good prospects in spite of the fact that in every electorial district 1,000 signatures are necessary to several thousand members and the make a candidature valid, it is impos sible to foretell what success will be obtained against the utterly corrupt -nnd unscrupulous social democracy. TT is hopeless at present to speak -*• of an ideological solution in a coun try in which the Hungarian transla tion of Marx’ "Capital’! has been placed on the index. In which even the Vienna Arbelter-Zeitung has been in terdicted, in which Argus eyes watch lest the most innocent literature should enter the country, where any one in whoso possession such liter ature Is found, Is threatened with 6 and 10 years hard labor and In which the Communist leaders mlssioned officers who were not able to escape, have been exterminated. It Is also questionable whether a solu tion or clear-sighted leadership In the fight will be found. It Is also certain that the Communist If ever they are free once again to appear on the field of battle In Hungary, will have to fight out a severe fight with the newly formed socialist labor party. In a country In which the leaders and non-commissioned officers of social de mocracy have, with few exceptions, sold the dictatorship in agreeing to a “Socialist-Communist party,” the Com munists must, from the beginning, meet the newly formed Socialist-La bor party with reservation and dis trust. m This however by no means signifies that the Importance of this turn of events is to be undervalued. If we must admit that the split In the treacherous social democractlc party of Hungary has been called Into be ing by the elementary discontent and indignation of the working masses, and partly thru a class antagonism on principle, we must, in spite of all reservations, regard this foundation as a step forward. -► ■ .. carry them out. Disgusted With P. P. What disgusted the trade union ele ments in the proletarian party with the policy of that organization most, was the resolution passed at its last convention, instructing its members who are active in the trade unions (which is very rare) to work in op , pdsition to the Trade Union Educa tional League. Being an active mem ber in my union I refused to obey these orders and worked in co-opera tion with my comrades of the Work ! ers Party in the union. In closing I will say that here In Philadelphia we had a good militant local of the P. P. It Is now reduced to three members, as the former members of that local are now in the Workers (Communist) Party. I am writing this so that the militants who ' are still in the P. P. will Join the party in America that is fighting capi talism; the Workers (Communist) Party.—Lewis J. Brsvermen. Coal Camp Women and Children to Be Made Into Textile Slaves morgantown' w‘. v*., May 28. The Morgantown chamber of com merce Is raising $40,000 subscriptions for the Tyron Silk Fabrics Co. It is considered good for business to put miners' wives and children to work in the towns —it means cheap labor all around.