Newspaper Page Text
MRICAN GOVERNMENT DESTROYS COLONY OF FILIPINO STRIKERS FOR SUGAR TRUST, Ilf RUING 77 (Special to The Dally Worker) HONOLULU, Hawaii, June 2.—Seventy-seven Filipino strik ers who were evicted from the sugar plantations a year ago, have been arrested and thrown into jail by the government, which has been hounding the strikers since they demanded a living wage from the American sugar trust. The strikers, with their families, refused to be starved out. After sleeping in the open for many weeks, over two hundred Filipino men and women and children finally settled on a deso late stretch of land belonging' to the United States govern ment, located at Kapaa, Kauai. The arrests were made under the direction of Attorney General William B. Lymer, who excused himself for acting as the agent of the sugar trust by declaring that the camp was a “typhoid menace.” Not one case of typhoid had occurred in the camp, however. The strikers declare that, deplorable as was their plight on the govern ment land, their sanitary conditions were no better when they worked on ihe sugar trust plantations. Torn From Families. Lymer conducted the raid at 4 o’clock in the morning. The strikers located at Kapaa were the most mili tant of those who opposed the sugar trust, and the government conducted the raid early to make sure that all were thrust safely behind the bars. The men were thrown into jail, being torn from their families, who have been made prisoners in charge of the Kauai welfare organization. Twenty ploice officers, under Sheriff William H. Rice made the arrests. The strikers were charged with “trespass.” The government authorities have consistently hounded the strikers since the police shot down a score of the Filipino sugar strikers eight months ago. The strikers defended themselves, and four police officers were slain. A large number of strikers were then arrested. The government had put up signs around the camp ordering the strikers to leave the government property, but the strikers had no other place to go. They had constructed shacks from old boxes and galvanized iron and old bits of lumber. These shacks were de stroyed by thd polios after the arrest of the strikers. Guards were placed on the ground so that the strikers could not return. Start Airplane Line. Ten airplanes to go into operation In September when service is started over the Chicago-New York link of a proposed nationwide commercial air freight service will be ordered June 10, it was announced from the headquarters of the National Air Transport 00., Ina. FAIRY TAIES FOR UORMjBSCIIMnj TRANSITED BY IDA DAILES * With four full-page, two-color plates and front and back oover designs by LYDIA GIBSON. Together with over twenty-three other drawings from the original German edition. Story book size, 9x12 inches, with targe, clear type. In Two Editions 75c 51,25 duroflex cover cloth bound THE DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING GO. 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, liL MOVIE PLOTTERS CONFESS AFTER THIRD DEGREE • ■ Mary Pickford Gets Big Publicity from Case LOS ANGELES, June 2.—Whether grand Jury action will be taken against C. 7< Stevens, Claude Hol comb and Adrian J. Wood, accused of plotting to kidnap Mary Pickford and other Hollywood stars in a $1,000,- 000 ranson scheme, was to be decided at a conference of authorities. Holcomb and Wood, according to police, were ready to plead guilty to conspiracy charges, following the third degree administered by police. Stevens, determined to fight for his freedom, waited action today on a writ of habeas corpus filed in his be half by attorneys employed by his wife, a former nurse. • • • Charge Arrest of “Movie Plotters” Is Publicity Frame-up LOS ANGELES, June 2. —Sensation- al charges that the arrest of three men in a plot to kidnap Mary Pick ford for $200,000 ransom, was a "gigantic frame-up” designed to give publicity to certain Los Angeles po lice officials, and “movie” stars, were made today by S. S. Hahn, attorney representing C. „Z. Stevens, alleged "master mind” in the purported scheme. Hahn issued a statement declaring If the men were brought to trial he would “laugh the police department out of oourt” Overnlte Air Mall Service WASHINGTON, June 2—The New York-Chicago overnight air mail ser vice, connecting America’s two great est population centers, will be inaug urated July 1, postmaster general New announced today. | AS WE SEE IT | (Continued from page 1) a clean sweep. Some of the type are still skulking around In radical or ganizations, mistaking crusades against spitting on the sidewalk and the prohibition activities of Andy Mellon for radicalism. * * * CHARLfes EVANS HUGHES has denied the story that appeared recently in the press to the effect that the ex-secretary of state offered to defend the United Mine Workers in their anti-injunction fight with the West Virginia coal barons. The ori ginal story was given prominence but the denial was used as a filler in point type. Hughes is now practicing law. It would never do for him to anger the big fellows by fighting one of their most useful weapons. Os course, he would be Justified in doing anything legal for money, according to legal ethics, but even the richest of unions cannot compete with the capitalists in paying lawyers’ fees. * * * rpWO Communists, one from Ger many and the other from France entered Britain to attend the Com munist convention in Glasgow despite the vigilance of Scotland Yard. The tory government is now in a delicate situation since an investigation con ducted by the British Trade Union congress proved that the Zinoviev letter which brought the present gov ernment into office was a palpable forgery. The report states that the present government is a collection of confidence men and it also hints that the labor movement should deal with Ramsay MacDonald who was the tool used, consciously or unconsciously by the tories in springing the forgery on the public. CHICAGO STREET CARMEN VOTE ‘NO’ ON WAGE SLASH Union Heads Conferring with Company Officials Employes of the Chicago Surface Lines voted unanimously at a meeting held in Carmen’s Hall to reject the wage agreement offered by the' com .pany, which calls for a reduction in wages of five cents an hour and changes in schedules that would un favorably affect the present working conditions of the men. The union’s contract with the com pany expired on June 1. Any agree ment entered into will become retro active as from June 1. President William Quinlan announced that a committee from the union will meet with the company and endeavor to affect an agreement. This will be re ferred to the men thru referendum ballot. Two Airplanes to Search for Amundsen in Polar Wastes LONDON, June 2. —Two naval air planes will be sent by the Norwegian government Friday to search for the Amundsen polar expedition, accord ing to news agency dispatches today from Oslo, Norway. The planes are scheduled to leave Horten, near Oslo, Friday by boat for Spitsbergen, where they will hop off in the search for the missing polar flyers. It was generally believed here that Amundsen’s party had already set out for Port Columbia, 260 miles south of Greenland, but on foot. Au thorities here believe his two planes were damaged in landing on rough ice. Foreign Exchange. NEW YORK, June 2—Great Brit ain, pound sterling, demand 4.86; cable 4.86%. France, franc, demand 4.96 Vi; cable 4.96. Belgium, franc, de mand 4.85 Vi; cable 4,86. Italy, lira, demand 3.96 Vi; cable 3.96%. Sweden, krone, demand 26.24; cables 26.77. Norway, krone, demand 16.77; cable 16.79. Denmark, krone, demand 18.74; cable 18.76. Germany, mark, un quoted. Shanghai, tael, demand 76.62 Vi; cable 76.00. U. S . Marines Fight Chinese Workers (Continued from p-ge 1) unbearable conditions In tbe mills. Resent Invasion of Chins. Tbe circulars also denounced as an Insult and aggression the meeting of the foreign tax-payers which today met under the protection or SOO white guards at the city hall, where ma chine guns menaced the streets filled with Chinese, while the foreign tax payers deliberated upon further cur tailment of the'rights of the Chinese In their own country. The points were the censorship by license of Chi nese newspapers and prlntshops, and an increaso of wharfage charges to favor the foreign companies against tho Chinese. The meeting failed to bring a quo rum, and adjourned after passing a vote of confidence In the municipal THE D A(l ]P Y WORKER CROUCHJOTAKE FIGHT BEFORE FEDERAL COURT Red Soldiers Jailed in Violation of Law By PAUL CROUCH. HAWAII, Honolulu, 27th Infantry Guard House, June 2. —The next move In the fight of Comrade Trumbull and myself for freedom of speech and thought in the army will be action in the federal courts here. Our release will be demanded on the grounds that we were convicted for violation of the laws of Hawaii (by organizing the Hawaiian Communist League, alleged to be a secret society).. According to military law, no one Is subject to state or territorial law for hie conduct while on a government reservation. We have received no official notice of the reduction of our sentences. We know nothing of the cut except from the newspaper stories. Fate Is Uncertain. The Intention of the military author ities concerning those who were re leased without trial—Ebert, Creque, Domagalskl, and Nadeau —is uncer tain. An announcement was made that three soldiers (presumably Ebert, Creque and Domagalskl) would be dis charged for their connection with us. But they have been called before offi cials for examination and questioning several times and are ignorant of their fate at the hands of the authorities. Schwarts was returned to duty after two or three weeks at hard labor and apparently no action will be taken against him. Demand Freedom. Army regulations were violated by our confinement and trial. Regula tions state that charges must be brot within eight days after arrest and trial within ten days < after the charges hare been made. But charges were not brot against'us until March 10, de spite our arrest on February 19. And I was not brot to trial until about twenty days after the charges were made against me. Coolidge Plans to Force Hard Terms on French Debtors (Continued from page 1) preliminary negotiations with the United States have demanded better terms than were accorded Great Bri tain, but the American debt commis sion will consider the Great Britain settlement the basis for other nego tiations, Mellon announced. The settlement with Great Britain provided for debt payments extend ing over a period of 62 years, with a minimum interest rate of three per cent. The American debt funding com mission will hold no meetings abroad, it was announced by state and trea sury officials. • * • Cal Agrees to Plan WASHINGTON, June 2. —President Coolidge agrees with Secretary of State Kellogg, Secretarvof the Treas ury Mellon and other members of the American debt commission that any debt negotiations between the United States and other governments should be held in Washington, it was stated officially at the White House today. While It was explained that the president regarded the place for hold ing negotiations as a question to be decided solely by the commission, of ficials said there was no disposition to send American debt negotiators either to Paris or London for a conference on the French debt. Indiana Bank Close*. HARTFORD CITY, Ind., June 2. The Blackford county bank here was closed this afternoon by the state banking department at the request of the bank’s directors. The bank centempaltes voluntary liquidation, It was stated by officers who expressed the belief that de poaltors will be paid in full. "Frozen" assets were blamed. Distribute a bundle every day during Red Week of June 15 to 21. council for Its declaration of martial law. • • • London Hears Mere Murdered. LONDON, June 2 —Dispatches to the Exchange Telegraph from Shang hai reports that martial law today led to further bloodshed when volunteer white guards and international police attacked demonstrating crowds In an effort to forbid all groups of Chinese over seven persons from gathering on the Shanghai streets. The police fired into the crowds killing twenty and wounding many more, e• • • American. Killed at Shanghai. WASHINGTON, June 2—An Ameri can namedj Mac Martin has been killed In thejrlotiag at Shanghai, aald a dispatch to the state department this afternoon from the Unled States consulate. World Becomes Normal When Workers Join for « Overthrow of Capitalism By J. LOUIS ENGDAHL. TODAY, altho Coolidge repeatedly reiterates that he will have nothing to do with the Workers' Republics, never theless, big business worries exceedingly much about Soviet trade conditions. James L. Patten, Chicago's multi-millionaire wheat gambler, is quoted as saying that as long as Russia remains out of the grain market, the grain trade of the world is likely to be periodically settled and nervous. A financial writer, in replying to numerous inquiries he claims to have received about Russian conditions, asks him self a question and then replies to himself as follows: “When, then, will Russia again be normal in the grain trade, normal in exports and imports, normal in home enterprise, normal in development of her resources? Not until the Russians change their business principles and the business oharacter of their rulers.” • • * • No matter how much big business, and its government at Washington, tries to dismiss the problem forced upon it by the existence of Soviet Rule, nevertheless it is there. Even the “expert” writers of the kept press, paid to hide the repeated crisis that confront capitalism, confess that Bolshe vism must go or capitalism will continue “unsettled and nervous.” To be sure they dare not hint that capitalism must go. But that is the real alternative. It is either Com munism or capitalism. * • • • Reports from the Soviet Republics indicate that the harvest days are coming in with bumper crops. Soviet Rule will this year be in the world market with huge exports of grain of all kinds. That should make all capitalists nervous, especially since crops in the rest of the world are not so good, which will result in high prices. That means that Soviet Rule will be able to get new finances to keep up the work of recon struction, to improve the life of the peasant. That means strengthening Bolshevism in its struggle against capitalism. • * • • The oil wells under the Red Flag are gushing petroleum at a rate that was never known in the days of czarism. Huge exports are going to many foreign lands. Even Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust has bought its share. The American oil business will gulp down just ten billion gallons of gasoline this year, 1925. That is 15 per cent more than last year, and automobiles, tractors, airplanes and oil burning ships are being turned out in added quantities in this country, calling for more oil, at higher prices. The Soviets have oil to sell; the oil that the capitalist world needs, the oil that the capitalist world is compelled to buy, that it will pay increasingly good prices for, providing Soviet Rule with added strength to reconstruct and build. • • • * The capitalist world says the Soviet world does not treat it “fairly,” whatever that means. What the capitalists desire, it appears, is to invade and conquer the Soviet world with their capitalism, without allowing the Soviet world to per meate their territory with its Bolshevism. British imperial ism, for instance, tried to stop the advance of Communism by denying admittance to foreign Communist delegates to attend to British Communist Party’s convention at Glasgow. But the German and French delegates arrived in Glasgow just the same. They spoke for the German and French work ers. They told of the conflicts within the capitalist world, of • the workings of the Dawes plan, of the war in Morocco, of the necessity for the workers everywhere to end the rule of capitalism everywhere. • » * • Let us paraphrase the declaration quoted above of the finance expert of capitalism’s own press and put it this way; When, then, will the world be normal in the grain trade, normal in exports and imports, normal in home enterprise, normal in development of her resources? Not until the world changes its business principles and the business character of its rulers; until capitalism that breeds imperialist rivalries, foments world wars on an ever-increasing scale, and threat ens all civilization, has been overthrown and the rule of the World Union of Soviet Republics established in its stead. The issue is, “Communism or capitalism must go!" Very well, let capitalism go! Strike of Boston Painters Ends (Continued from Page 1) three-year no-increase contract offer ed by the bosses. Trades Council and Open Shoppers Work Together. Most of the unions being intimi dated by the ‘‘open shop" threat of the bosses and the stand adopted by Secretary Johnston, accepted the agreement. Those who refused were the painters, building laborers, elec tricians and plumbers. The Building Trades Council fur ther weakened any chance of a real fight being put up by declaring that no support would be given any union that went on strike. All trades re turned to work pending negotiations except the painters. Council Forces Scabbing. Mass meetings of union painters voted unanimously to strike for the increase. On April 4 the strike was called and 2,200 painters answered the call. The bosses Immediately hired as many scabs as possible to fill the places of the union men. The business agent of the painters* union asked the council to order all union men off the jobs employing scab painters. This the council re fused to do and the Painters’ Union withdrew from the council. Many union men who refused to work along with scab painters were threatened with tines and expulsions if they did not return to work. Boms Queer Voting Results. Some firms agreed to the new scale and about 700 painters were at work at the Increased wages, and paid an assessment of $2.50 a day during the strike. International officials of the Paint ers’ Union Immediately busied then i •*. ' v 4 selves attempting a settlement and at last succeeded. A secret ballot taken by the union was declared to have resulted in 600 voting to return to work at the bosses’ terms while 300 voted against. The three-year contract ties the painters securely and the arbitration fraud will aid the bosses in keeping their wages at the same level during the life of the agreement. Amalgamation or Annihilation. The result of the whole thing, filled with jurisdictional squabbles, traitor ous officials, and lack of solidarity, is that the building trade unions here are weaker today than before April 1. The disgust of the painters at the betrayal of the Building Trades Coun cil and their withdrawal from the council will further increase the con fusion and distrust among the unions. The need for education of ail trades upon the amalgamation program of the Trade Union Educational League is more pressing than ever before. Get a aub for the DAILY WORKER from your abopmate and you will make another mem ber for your brancli. OSLO DENIES RUMOR AMUNDSEN HAS RETURNED FROM NORTH POLE 08LO, Norway, June 2.—Authoritative denial was made today by govern ment offlolals of reports that the Amundsen-Ellsworth north pole flyers had returned to Spitsbergen, and that one of the alx member* of th* party had been killed. It wae officially atated “there la no newt.’’ GOLDEN WEST NOT EXACTLY PLACE OF HAPPINESS Unemployed Find No Work Anywhere PORTLAND, Ore., June 2. Even that despicable company union and blacklist organization called the “Four L-s” has to admit that industry in Oregon is slowing down. With log gers being laid off at many camps and a marked slump in the demand for labor in fishing, mining and other in dustries, employment is becoming harder than ever to get in the prom ised land of the Northwest. Men are coming up the coast from California to add to the already acute situation. East of the Cascade range, employment is at its maximum. Saw mills and camps are fairly filled, but with the lull between planting and harvest farm work is slack. Marshfield reports one large fir log ging camp closed. Thompson-Kelljr mill shut down. Cedar operations slowing. Sawmills reducing forces Veneer plants laid off the night shift. Farm work has, however, absorbed some unemployed. Along the Columbia river several falling and bucking crews are laid off. Both camps of the Whitney com pany on the Tillamook line are closed. Labor turnover in lumber is decreas ing. There is little call for farm labor. IRISHFLUNKEY IS TREATED TO SCRAMBLED EGG Gets Stale Hen Fruit on Nice Clean Uniform NEW YORK, June 2 —General Owen O’Duffy, chief commissioner of the Irish civic guard, spent a busy time dodging over ripe duck eggs yesterday while reviewing the 166th infantry, formerly known, as the the “Fighting Sixty-Ninth.” The missiles hurled at the general were understood to be meant as a silent tho odoriferous protest against the presence of a representative of the Free State government which, is looked upon by the Irish masses as a tool of British imperialism. Several plain clothes policemen, most of them of Irish extraction, routed their more rebellious country men and women and saved the gen eral from an overdose of scrambled eggs. Eleven Known Dead in Middlewestem 4 Electric Storms Eleven dead and a score injured, several probably fatally, was the toll left in the midwest today in the wake of a gradually diminishing heat van which yesterday sent thermometers thruout the district climbing to new high marks for June 1. The heat and the severe electrical and wind storms which brought some measure of relief, claimed four lives in Chicago, three in Cleveland, two la Des Moines, la., and two near Way land, Mo. Western lowa was the center of a violent wind and electrical storm which played havoc in that region and in eastern Nebraska and southwestern Minnesota. As the storm moved east, the fury of the wind abated and at Dqp Moines, lightning took the human toll. Missouri and southeastern Kansas also paid tribute to the wind in lives and property damage. Missouri’s vlo tims were killed when their rig was swept from the road by the gale. No loss of life was reported from Kan sas. Would Postpone Trial of Raper in Indiana Klan (Continued from page 1.) son, Carl Klinck and Earl Gentry, charged with the murder of Madge Oberholtzer, was continued today .rom June 11 to June 16. In agreeing to the postponement Judge Hines of the Hamilton court set aside three days for the hearing starting June 16 and emphatically as serted It must be ended within the allotted time. William H. Remy, Marion county prosecutor, who asked for the continu ance, during the proceedings heated ly asserted that if defense attorneys were anxious to have their clients re leased soon "the state is willing to stick all the motions together and start the trial immediately.” He got no reply.