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THEPJUiyWOBKItt Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO. 111 S W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. Phone Monroe 4711 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall (In Chicago only): By mall (outside of Chicago): SB.OO per year $4.50 six months $6.00 per year $3.50 six months $2.50 three months $2.00 three months Address all mail and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, Illinois —t ___________ . WILLIAM F. DUNNE f"~ Editors MORITZ J. LOEB Business Manager Entered as second-class mail September 21, 1923, at the post-office at Chi cago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879. 290 Advertising rates on application. The Four Power Pact The new security pact agreed to by Britain, Prance and Belgium, a copy of which has been forwarded to the German government, is not clearly described in the dispatches we have seen, but that it does not specifically guarantee the German frontiers of Poland and other French vassal states is indicated by the strenuous denials by French diplomats that they have in any way jeopardized the terri torial integrity of the little buffer nations in hock to French banks. One dispatch states that “the British hate clung to important reservations on the question of assisting France in military opera tions where these operations are concerned entirely with the protec tion of France’s allies in eastern Europe.” There are other reservations connected with these reservations apparently, but the real joker seems to be that the necessary deci sions and interpretations are to be made by the council of the league of nations. The dispatch quoted goes on to say: The French feel that they cannot quarrel with the reserva tions for the time being, even tho Poland and Czecho-Slovakla may perceive such reaervations as a separation of their interests from those of their most powerful ally and a weakening of the security pact insofar as they are concerned. The above comment would indicate that France has been forced i by British pressure, on the franc principally, to ease up the pressure i*on Germany from the east and southeast for a guarantee of security on her German frontier. The Versailles treaty is probably going to undergo Some revi sion, but the extent of tills cannot be estimated until the full text J of the new document, which still awaits Germany’s signature, is made public. Connected with it are doubtless a number of secret “under standings,” probably one between Great Britain and Germany,, that will not be given to the press. The British dominions have expressed bitter hostility towards an agreement by Great Britain that, would pledge military aid to France in case her vassal states get into war with either Germany or Russia and it is hardly possible that Chamberlain, the British foreign minister, has agreed to arrangements that would further strain inter-empire relations. The principal danger in this new alignment, if it is accepted j by all four powers, is that Germany will be brought into a western European bloc against Soviet Russia. But in that case Poland would be one of the allies and the German government has so far 1 resisted the demand of France that French troops be allowed freei passage across her territory in the event France wants to come to the aid of Poland. This provision seems to have been left out of the proposed pact because of British opposition undoubtedly based on the known attitude of the dominions. In our opinion the acceptance of the proposed pact will mark the beginning of a cleavage between France and her eastern European allies and insofar as this is true it marks a triumph of British diplomacy over the French and the beginning of a loss of French prestige in Europe. Every day get “sub” for the DAILY WORKER and a member for the Workers Party. Picking the Fruit of Compromise The Barr cossack bill is before the Illinois legislature again. It has passed the senate with only 8 dissenting votes. The history of this vicious measure is very instructive in that it shows how not t© get results for labor unions and the working class. Following their policy of compromise with the republican state _ government the state federation of labor officialdom accepted a sub stitute for the Barr bill called the Dunlap bill which differed from the Barr bill—urged by the association —in that it called the state police “highway police” and made their appointment the prerogative of the governor. Governor Small was said by the labor fakers to support the Dunlap bill and another wonderful “victory for labor” was on the cards. But the bosses got busy with the result cited above. The unions have to make their tight all over again with good prospects of having a copper riveted state constabulary bill put over on them. •lust as in the case of the anti injunction bill, from which all the teeth have l>een extracted by the skilled dentistry of the employers’ association lobbyists, the compromise tactics of the state federation legislative committee, have not only defeated labor’s purposes, but demoralized its forces. Yet. these individuals, who are fools when they are not crooks, have the crust to strut around and eoufer the title of “labor lender” on themselves. It is very bad to lie defeated. It breaks down the morale of the working class and much work has to done over again, but it is a thousand times worse to be. defeated without a fight. The result of such tactics is not only demoralizing but destructive. The con fidence of the workers in their organizations sinks to a low level and the bosses always take advantage of such situations to put the •crews on a little tighter. ('lass collaboration of the particularly vicious kind practiced by Illinois fakerdom must l»e replaced by class struggle. The state police hill could have lteen utilized by even a very small legislative fraction elected on a labor party ticket, to stir up a tremendous agi tation all over Illinois and even tho the Barr bill had been passed without a single restrictive amendment the union membership would have been in the frame of mind to go out and l»egin mass resistance \t<» it. The unions have to choose whether they will fight or surrender. The faker policy is to surrender after a sham battle. # The left wing policy is to win or go down lighting. This militant Attitude quite often turns expected defeat into victory. At the worst it never demoralizes labor's forces. tie a member for the Workers Party and a new subscription • tho I).ULY WORKER The Enslavement of China ARTICLE IV. WE have seen that Japan had be come the first power In China — Germany, her closest rival, with Great Britain enjoying an equally favored position while the United States, France and Russia trailed 1 along In the order named. The world war gave Japan the op portunity to get rid of Germany. In 1894, Japan had by war on China seized Formosa, occupied Fukien province and made herself a con tender for supremacy. In 1904-05 she had made war on Russia, whipped and taken Russia’s place in Man churia. In 1914 —notice the ten-year periods Into which the chronicle falls naturally—ln conjunction with her ally, Great Britain, she made war on Germany with the same ruthless dis regard of China’s neutrality and ter ritorial rights that she had shown in the Russo-Japanese war. OF all the great powers with spheres of influence in China, Ger many had shown the Chinese the most consideration. She had carried out her agreements to the letter and the German port of Tslngtao was “the model city of the Far East.” Says S. K. Hornbeck, a University of Wisconsin professor who taught In the Chinese government college, speaking of German enterprise in her treaty port: Before long a substantial break water, granite docks with complete equipment and a floating dock cap able of handling vessels of 16,000 tons displacement had been in stalled. At Tslngtao there soon ap peared a modern German city, care fully planned, artistically and sub stantially built. Forts, shops, mili tary departments and well-equipped barracks gave the character of a fortified base; but Klaochow (situat ed inland from the port of Tslng tao. W. F. D.) was never given the military equipment or aspects of a Port Arthur or a Vladivostok —as comparative ease with which it was taken (in 1914) shows. (“Contem porary Politics in the Far East,” Page 296.) ALL writers on Far Eastern ques tions are practically unanimous In comparing this German base to the TWIN CITY REDS TO MAKE MERRY ON NEXTSUNDAY Several Good Speakers on the Program ST. PAUL, Minn., June 10.— The Twin Cities section of the Trade Union Educational League will hold the first labor picnic of the season at West River Road and 34th Ave. South, Minneapolis, on Sunday, June 14. The fine program of speakers, games and other amusements which has been arranged, together with the fine picnic site so easily accessible from both cities make assurance of a huge crowd of workers and their fam ilies. All kinds of refreshments and lunches will be served on the grounds beginning at 11, in the forenoon. The principle speaker will be Otto H. Wangerin, who has recently re turned from Europe'where he studied the organized labor movement. He will speak on the subject of “Europ ean Trade Unionism.” This leader of progressive unionism has a message that workers will want to hear. Julius F. Emme, of the Machinists’ Union, known for his progressive lead ership thruout the labor movement of Minnesota, will speak on “What Has Happened to the American Unions.” “Future Trade Union Policy” will be the subject of a speech by Dan W. Stevens. Stevens Is a well-known fighter in the labor movement of Minneapolis, was for seventeen years secretary of the Minneapolis Trades and Labor Assembly, recently ex pelled from that body because he be came too progressive, and candidate for mayor of Minneapolis in the last election, on the Communist ticket. A novel program of games has been planned. It includes such attractions as a pie eating contest, fat men's race, needle race, potato race, wheel barrow race, three-legged race, and other amusements and numerous games for younger people ahd chil dren. Pie eaters and specialists In other games had better go into train ing now. Members of the working clasH of the cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis “puck up your troubles In the old kit l>ag” for a day and let's play. There'll he "no place but” West River Road on June 14. A SPOUTING MAJOR GENERAL VEW YORK.—Major General Sutn-| commander of the second corps urea, at a meeting of the state chamber of commerce In this city, declared that that body "will do every thing In their power to make defense flay on July 4 a nation-wide success.” The brave general declared that "busi ness cannot prosper from the unset tled condition* resulting from war.” THE DAILY WORKER ports of the other imperialist nations to the credit of the former. Putnam Weale, writing in 1904 said: As has already been stated, this town of Tslngtao, on which part of the Berlin millions have been spent, Is excellently well laid out. The streets are broad and admirable, and provided with yldewalks of noble dimensional. Electricity lights all the town, and a complete water supply system has been Installed. There are good hotels and passable shops, a splendid parade ground and fine military roads darting every where into the country. Tslngtao is an unique creation In tho Far East. (“The Re-Shaping of the Far East,” Page 346.) rpHE Germans had allowed the Chinese government to establish its customs depot at Tslngtao instead of at Klaochow, the boundary of the German-leased territory. Joint stock companies composed of Chinese and German investors had been formed to carry on the enterprises which Ger man capital conducted. Germany had gone farther than any other power In making concessions to China as a na tional entity and the treaty ceding Klaochow to Germany contains this clause not found in the treaties be tween China and the other powers: Should Germany at some future time express the wish to return Klaochow to China before the ex piration of the lease, China engages to refund to Germany the expendi ture she has incurred at Klaochow and to cede to Germany a more suitable place. Germany engages at no time to sublet the territory leased from China to another power. A small sop enough to Chinese pride but more than the other powers had seen fit to make! TYUT the growing influence of Ger many in China was attributable to something else than her better treatment of the Chinese and her scrupulous keeping of commercial agreements. The fortified German base of Tslngtao was constructed not only for the defense of German interests, but as A PART OF THE FORCE OF THE CHINESE NATION. In other words, Germany and China had at least a semi-military alliance. Speak- YELLOW CAB COMPANY PLAYS OLD ‘‘CONTEST’’ GAME TO SPEED UP DRIVERS AND CUT COMMISSIONS "Did you see that Yellow Cab driver steal a load from another Yellow? Did you notice his eyes, all bloodshot and staring? What is the matter with him?” “That one? Oh, that’s another of those hungry, suckers out to win the Chevrolet. The driver who ‘books’ the most money for the month of June without breaking any of the rules, 4 like killing somebody, for instance, gets the lovely ‘low-cost’ transporta tion. Keep out of his way, for he has been working twenty hours a day for five days now.” The Yellow Cab Co. of Chicago is running this month, a Contest open to all drivers who are able to stand the pace. Th© winner will receive a touring car and one week off, with pay, to rest up. Seventv-flve other prizes are offered as balk including some “needle-point” chairs, the use fulness of which In any workers’ home not being mentioned. Those who only “show” will have to rest up at their own expense. No driver will be allowed to work more than sixteen hours per day, ac cording to the rules, but it is well known among the drivers that the winner will have to drive about twenty hours each day for a month. One near casualty has been unof ficially reported. A driver speeding east on Lawrence avenue, asleep at the wheel, was only saved from a watery grave by the high curb on Clarendon avenue. The experience, strangely enuf, did not turn him from his desire to win the car. Drivers have been discussing the amount the company can expect to clear from this lottery. It was gen erally agreed that the boss will pocket SIO,OOO In increased profits for this month. It is also generally understood by the drivers that the winner will have invested several hundred ’ dollars In turned in fares, to make up for time lost when he can find no passengers. With many close running contestants freely spending their own money for riding imaginary passengers, the company stands to win not only their usual share of the receipts, but the drivers commission, too. No Temporary Shoals Lease WASHINGTON, June 10.—Any tem porary lease by the war department of power at Muscle Schoals Is opposed by the Muscle Shoals commission, ac cording to an announcement made to day by chairman McKenzie. I The general went further. “The citizens must be the army and the army must have the sympathetic sup port. co-operation and understanding of businessmen all ovfg the country.” In the meantime lnjunqtlons against tho miners In West .Virginia, which completely shut their mouths, de portation bills for Iha alien workers and naturalized workfle* In this coun tr' M ing of this phase of the agreement Gilbert Reid, In “China, Captive or Free?” says: Article I outlines two Intention! In the mind of the Chinese emperor, the one “to strengthen the friendly relatione between China and Ger many” and the other “to Increase the military readiness of the Chinese Empire.” This particular feature of the oontract has been overlooked by most war critics. Tslngtao was never meant by either party as a menace to China (tho possibly it might be construed as a menace to Japan) but as an auxiliary agency In the Chinese plans for national defense. Hence not only German troops were to be allowed “free passage” in the leased zone, but Chinese troops were to be allowed to be stationed within that zone. ONE glance at a map of China with Shangtung peninsula and the forti fied base of Tslngtao at its tip, point ing like a sword straight northwest at the heart of the Japanese protectorate of Korea, and the reason for the ex tension of the world war to Asia by Japan, acting as an ally of Great Britain, Is clear. It was not only the German compe tition and German territorial rights that worried Japan, but the fact that Tslngtoa, with Chinese troops allowed to gaze longingly across the bay to wards Korea and Liaotung—Japan’s loot In two wars —together with the revival of Chinese national spirit fol lowing the revolutions of 1911 and 1913, constituted a threat her Im perialistic ambition could not brook. CHINA must be # brought to heel and so much the better If two birds could be killed with one stone —Ger- many in China obliterated with the help of Great Britain and Korea and Manchuria freed from the menace of Chinese nationalism. The bringing of the war to Asia thru the Brltish-Japanese attack on Tslngtao is as coldblooded an example of the might Is right policy of im perialism as history furnishes. That It was done in violation of China’s formal neutrality In the war and in spite also of her desire that her friendly relations with Germany be not endangered is testimony to the efficient manner in which she had been weakened and cowed. 4- Morgan Loan Unused PARIS, June 10. —It was learned to day that Finance Minister Caillaux assured the senate finance commis sion at a secret session that the SIOO,- 000,000 Morgan loan is still unused. The recent rise in the franc, Cail laux said, was entirely without gov ernmental intervention, "except for the moral value of the threat to use the Morgan loan.” '> C ’“ Vs These Are the Facts-- A Whether or not you are a Communist, you need the DAILY WORKER to keep informed of the developments in the world of labor—and partic ularly of the progress of the Communist driving force within it. If you are a convinced Communist—one who understands the impor tance of the DAILY WORKER to the American Communist move ment— And the necssity of closely following Communist action and theory thru the pages of the DAILY WORKER— Surely no argument is necessary to convince you that you should sub scribe. • w , >►* •. " I » ..... ’ 1 A Six-Month Sub A Loose-Leaf to the Leather Workers Monthly Mark YOUT Choice Binder Will be sent you without ch»' A ' y» , q Will be sent to you with a year’* If you make your subscription to Wltll fl C TOSS sub to the DAILY WORKER if the DAILY WORKER for one you prefer it to a six month sub year. c to the WORKERS MONTHLY. z — — *• f- «• r . . ; v ■ , ' THE DAILY WORKER - », 1113 W. Washington Slvd. jtuak v Chicago, 111. *■ '•+& ft a* fl *' Outside of Chicago Ji p or enclosed 3 send the Dally 38.00 A Year ■ 33.50 Six Months • Worker for mos. to: 32.00 Three Months Name In Chicago W OO A Year Street , 34.50 ..I Six Months 32.50 Three Months ’ City 4 . *» * ' * state k V '. i ■ Great Britain and japan had not the excuse that Germany’s Chinese policy was an agresslve one or that she was in any way Infringing on their spheres of Influence and deliberately jeopardizing “peace In the Far East.” On the contrary, the man ner in which Germany attended to her own business and kept wtlhin her sphere Is one of the wonders of the history of Imperialism in China. Pro fessor Hornbeck, In tho work already quoted, says of this phenomenon: Since the original seizure of Klao chow the Germane had made no ad ditional attempt to extend their ter ritorial holdings or apeclal privi leges In China. They had not un dertaken to extend their ADMIN ISTRATION over Shangtung—or even over the railway zone. The Shangtung Railway company had never attempted to assume a polit ical status and perform political functions. The German government had not sought to stretch the terms of the convention of 1898. There had been no creating of issues and de manding of Immediate settlement such as had characterized the pro gress of the Japanese In Manchuria. German subjects had not exceeded their stipulated rights; they had not invaded the Interior; they had not become engaged In personal and po lice conflicts with the Chinese. There was In the later years of German presence In Shangtung little of whloh from the point of view of the open door polloy, complaint oould be made. For ten years past the Germans had done prcatlcally nothing calculated to complicate the politics of the Far East, and, ex cept commercially, they disturbed no peace in the Far East but the peace of mind of Japanese expan sionists. Judged upon the basis of substantial accomplsihment ; suc cessful and just administration and real social welfare to the economic and social welfare of the people who fell within the range of their in fluence, none of the powers holding bases on the China coast can offer better justification for Its presence than could the Germans. (Emphasis in the original.) TYUT German commrecialism and -L* German diplomacy had been too successful. Both Japan and Great i. ■ Family Searches Gold TORONTO, Ont., June 10. —Armed with an "Electric Car” William John Beach, his wife and live year old child left here today aboard a 26 foot craft enroute to Cocos Island where they will search for $20,000,000 in pirate gold, said by legend to be there. Cocos Island is located i>oo miles from the Pacific end of the Panama Canal. Italy Makes Bid to Berlin. ROME, June 10—Italy should not join Great Britain In the security pact to protect France’* western borders because the Alpian border Is excluded from the pact, the newspaper Messag ero said today. Italy 1* making direct overtures t > Germany, Messagiero declared, for a security agreement covering the Al pian border. Five thousand subs for Red Week. Red Week of June 15 to 21. ’ t . ’ 1 By Wm. F. Dunne Britain were determined to wipe out this rival outpost. In spite of the offer of the Chinese government to neutralize all the ports held by the great powers, the Jap anese press Insisted on action. “The war in Europe gives wings to the tiger,” they stated. Germany ednsented to the Chinese proposal and preparations were being made by the German minister, when this plan was refused by the allied Imperialist governments, to place Klaochow completely under Chinese control. This was the one thing that, altho assuring peace in the Far East, Great Britain and Japan did not want. Had Germany ceded Klaochow to China BEFORE the allies could strike, It would Imve belonged to China and If taken by either nation would hare involved a still more brazen dlsre grad of Chinese rights than did the opening of hostilities against Tslngtao. /"VN August 15, 1914, Japah sent the '-J German government an ultimatum which contained theee clauses: First—«To withdraw Immediately from Japanese and Chinese waters German-men-of-war and armed ves sels of all kinds, and to disarm at once those that cannot be with drawn. Second—To deliver on a date not later than September 15 to the Im perial Japanese authorities* without condition or compensation, the en tire leased territory of Klaoohow, with a view of the eventual restora tion of the same to China. TN view of the fact that the Ger mans were trying to give Klaochow to China at the very moment this ulti matum was delivered, the purpose of the demand is quite clear —not to ex pedite the redemption of Klaochow, but to prevent it. The rapid interchange of communi cations between Great Britain and Japan in this period is one of the most interesting studies in ways that are dark in all the annals of Impe rialist diplomacy. The disputed question of whether Great Britain or Japan was to blame in bringing the war to China and for the long anu thorny path the Chinese were forced to tread subsequently will be treated In another article. 2,100 COTTON MILL STRIKERS EVICTED FROM COMPANY HOUSES WILLIMANTIC, Conn., June 10.— The 2,100 strikers at the American Thread company’s plant here will be thrown out of their home* Into the streets they learned today In a notice they received from the com pany. Because they dared to go on strike the homes that they have slaved for will be taken away from them. The houses of course, belong to the company. Tents are being put up as rapidly as possible to take care of the strikers’ families when they are dumped out into the streets. Five thousand subs for Red Week.