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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, June 21, 1925, Image 3

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BORAH WORRIES
FOR IMPERIAUSM
IN THE ORIENT
Senator in Attempt to
Bring Peace in China
By LAWRENCE TODD.
(Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON— (FP) Chairman
Borah of the senate foreign relations
committee has made a preliminary
gesture toward a serious attempt to
bring peace In China before some out
break of anti-forelgn fury shall be
provoked.
Ho believes that if the Washington
government will lead the way, and the
British, Japanese and other govern
ments will follow without loss of
time, the Chinese people will settle
down to a pacific negotiation an.d ad
justment of their quarrels with for
eigners.
Certain Americans in China —-whe-
ther commercial or missionary he does
not disclose—cabled Borah, urging
that there is immediate need of send
ing American forces to protect Ameri
can interests in that country.
Respect Chinese Integrity.
“I see no reason,” Borah cabled
back, "why the United States should
be drawn into any controversy or con
flict with Chinese authorities or the
Chinese people. Doubtless the situa
tion, as you eay, is serious, but not
serious by reason of any acts or pol
icies of the United States, and it la
not to be presumed that we will be
drawn into controversies of other
powers.
"I venture to believe the American
people as a whole would like to see
the national rights and interests of
China fully respected. Personally, I
would favor the withdrawal of extra
territorial rights in China as speedily
as practicable, and a policy adopted
by all which would respect the terri
torial integrity and national rights of
a great people.”
State Department Get* the News.
When Borah sent this message back
to the American group in China, the
state department was receiving news
of Increasing bitterness in the anti
foreign demonstrations in cities from
Canton to Peking.
Triumph of the working class sol
diers of Canton against the Yunnan
ese troops that had betrayed the gov
ernment of Dr. Sun Yat Sen at the
Instance of the late fascist or “tiger”
middle-class element, had stirred the
masses in a great part of southern
China.
These Cantonese had adopted reso
lutions, some months ago, declaring
for a sympathetic understanding with
the Soviet Union. They have been
sharply hostile to foreign imperialism
in China. Outside their ranks are
tens of millions of Chinese who know
only that Chinese students have been
shot down by British-led police, and
they want revenge.
Tries to Forget Mexico.
In making this gesture toward a
peaceful settlement, Borah is taking
a lesson from his disastrous experi
ence last week in endorsing the Kel
logg attack on the Calles’ government
of Mexico, which was an exercise of
dictation and Insult quite in harmony
with the misuse of extra-territorial
power in China.
Borah was used by Kellogg in a
conference, from which ha emerged
before the real decisions were agreed
upon, and he endorsed the statement
for Kellogg without knowing that a
propaganda "background” statement
had confidentially been made to the
press beforehand. Now he asks jus
tice to China he denied to Mexico be
cause Kellogg was too adroit for him.
Foreign Exchange
NEW YORK, June 19.—Great Bri
tain, pound sterling, demand 4.85%;
cables 4.86. France, franc demand
4.71%; cable 4.72. Belgium, franc, de
mand 4.67%; cables 4.68. Italy, lira,
demand 2.69%; cables 2.70. Sweden,
krone demand 26.73; cables 26.76. Nor
way, krone demand 16.96; cables 16.98
Denmark, krone demand 19.08; cables
19.10. Germany, mark not quoted.
Shanghai, tael demand 77.12%; cables
78.00.
Distribute a bundle every day
during Red Week of June 15 to 21.
J. KAPLAN
MERCHANT TAILOR
Suits Made to Order
at Reasonable Prices
3546 ARMITAGE AVENUE
Phone Albany 9400

Madison Pharmacy
INC.
BETTER
DRUGS
Light Luncheon Served
1154 Madison Street,
Corner Ann
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT
Four Phones Chicago
l —.—
EFFORTS TO ORGANIZE WHITE
COLLAR WORKERS PREVENTED
BY BOSSES AND SOCIALISTS
By WORKER CORRESPONDENT
NEW YORK, June 19.—There are 400,000 ofilce workers in New York
City and only about 800 belong to the Bookkeepers’ Union. Out of these
800 members about 70 per cent are employed in different local union offices,
liberal or radical magazines and newspapers and few charitably societies.
Only 25 per cent and even less than that are employed in the "business”
offices of New York.
Altho the president of the union and the business representative tried,
as they claim, their best to organize the banks on Wall St., the offices on
Broadway, they succeeded very little
because they took the wrong attitude.
Queer Way to Organize
They believe that only then can
they organize any bank or office if
the head of that concern will consent
to it. It is of no use to try to organ
ize If the bosses oppose!
It is understood that no president
of bank, no manager of an office will
like to have the union rule him and
none of them ever agreed to have his
office organized.
Lately a small group of active work
ers namely Primoff, Chernow, and
others decided to organize many of
fices and banks whether the heads
of those concerns would like or not.
The group became very active in the
union. An organizational committee
was organized, which started to work
energetically. The most active of
them proved to be Primoff.
Socialists Prevent Organization
The socialists became afraid that
Primoff might capture the union, be
cause the members supported him in
his attempt to organize the workers.
They tried to hamper his work, to dis
courage him, but all in vain.
Then one of the "active” socialists
brought up charges against Primoff
that he is a member of the Workers
Party of America and therefore should
be expelled from the Bookkeepers’
Union.
The union is controlled by social
ists, well-known Communist haters
and Primoff has very little chance to
remain in the union. Comrade Bimba
was expelled on similar charges last
year.
But that will not help the socialists
and bosses any. The Communists in
the union and without, will keep on
the organizational work of the union.
KIN OFSLATn
GIRL TELLS OF
KLUXER’S RAPE
Battle to Secure Bail
Continues
NOBLESVILLE, Ind., June 19.—At
the hearing on a motion to admit to
bail D. C. Stephenson, Earl Klinck
and Earl Gentry, charged with the
murder of Madge Oberholtzer, addi
tional testimony was expected to be
sought by the defense to prove its
point that conviction is only a remote
possibility and that the prisoners
therefore should be released from
jail on bond.
The two days already consumed in
the hearing have been crammed with
verbal tilts between opposing counsel
and another large crowd filled the
courtroom when the proceedings were
resumed this morning.
Marshal Oberholtzer, brother of the
dead girl was the final witness on
the stand late yesterday and his
story dealt with statements made, he
said, by his sister while she lay on
her death bed.
The bail hearing of D. C. Stephen
son, Earl Klinck and Earl Gentry, all
accused of murdering Madge Ober
holtzer, were closed this afternoon.
Arguments on the motion to admit
the trio to bail will be heard by
Judge Fred Hines tomorrow following
which a decision will be handed down
by the court.
Twenty-Eight Die
in Tornado Which
Sweeps Black Sea
(Special to The Dally Worker)
MOSCOW, June 19.—Twenty-eight
persons were killed and hundreds in
jured in a tornado which wiped out
two villages in the province of Altai,
according to advices received here to
day.
Shipping in the Black Sea also was
harried by the storm, which swept
from the Southern Siberian province
along the coast.
Snow covered Northern Russia for
the first time in a century in June as
an aftermath of the southern storm.
Soviet Communal Kitchens
MOSCOW, U. S. S. R.—(By Mall)—
The development of the communal
kitchen institutions the special im
portance of which consists in the
fact that they set working women
free from household dudgery, is mak
ing great strides forward. Accrod
ing to statistics compiled by the Me
tal Workers’ Union, there are com
munal kitchens in factories in 13 dis
tricts where the number of workers
is 196,000. In March 1925 there were
109 kitchens in the Ukraine which
supplied over a million dinners. 10
per cent of Ukrainian workers get
served by communal kitchens.
By the autum 400 more kitchens
for 300 to 360 thousands people are
to be opened in the Soviet Union.
NEW YORK WORKERS
GORRESPONDENGE GLASS
MEETS SATURDAY NITE
New York Worker correspondents
will meet this Saturday evening,
June 20, at seven o’clock, at 108
East 14th street, with Oliver Carl
son, director. Every worker in
New York who Intends to enter the
worker correspondents’ contest that
is now conducted by the DAILY
WORKER will find this class In
Communist Journalism very helpful.
Altho the class has already met five
times, it is still practicable for be
ginners to enroll aa the text book,
Comrade Dunne’s booklet on Work
er Correspondents has not yet ar
rived,
BRITONSCLAMP
THE COVER ON
SEXUAL SEWER
Duke Keeps Mouth Shut;
Wife Gets Divorce
(Spaelal to The Daily Worker)
LONDON, June 19. —A feeling akin
to terror prevailed in high social dr
cles here, prior to the settlement of
the divorce proceedings brought
against the duke of Westminster by
his wife, who accused him of miscon
duct.
Fearing that the duke’s addiction to
certain forms of sexual perversion
practiced with impunity by the Brit
ish aristocracy might be publicly aired
to the scandal of the ruling class, the
king and queen brought pressure to
bear on the duke, with the result that
the duke did not appear in court and
the divorce was granted to his wife
by default.
It is known that the details of thls ;
case would rival in sex interest that
of the famous Hindu rajah, "Mr. A.,”
and the Dennistoun scandal. The
aristocracy breathed a sigh of relief
when the duke of Westminister took
his medicine in secret for the good of
his class.
Milkman Beaten and
Maimed in Trade War,
Fingers Cut Off
DETROIT, June 19. —Two men who
fractured the skull of Mario Corci, 48,
milkman, and then cut a finger off
each of his hands early today, are be
lieved by detectives to be participa
tors in a trade war and not bandits, as
Corel described them to be.
Corci had just returned to his wagon
after delivering a bottle of «ilk when
he was attacked by the men, who,
after striking and maiming him, es
caped.
Forty-six dollars and a small check
was found in the milk man’s pockets
at receiving hospital after he had
lapsed into unconsciousness.
Sees Fight for World Markets.
NEW YORK—"Authorities agree
that the world is on the eve of the
most agresslve struggle for world
markets ever experienced,” says
Lawrence W. Wallace, executive sec
retary American Engineering Council.
Wallace directed Hoover’s Assay of
Waste.
“A new era Is being entered upon
which will require the re-formulation
of major economic policies. No one
can predict what those policies shall
be. It is certain they will have to be
evolved by expert and scientific study
of conditions.”
Police in Vain
Search of Tunnel
for Elusive Gunman
Chicago’s "catacombs,” the 71 miles
of freight tunnels under* the business
district, were searched In vain for the
Genna gangster who attempted to
shoot Sergeant Eldrige Curran in the
county building offices of the state's
attorney.
Policemen guarded every exit from
the tunnels, where thruout the night
more than 150 officers had poked thru
dark corners and labyrinthian twists
and turns of the great system. That
the search was fruitless led to the
determination to continue it today.
Police hoped that their quarry still
was in the maze of underground pas
sageways.
Word that the would-be assassin
was in the tunnel was brought to po
lice by a laborer who said that he
had been run out of the tunnel by an
armed man whose description tallied
with that of the city hall gunman,
THE DAIDY WORKER
BRITISH PLUTES
USED SHEFFIELD
IN MEXICO CITY
Country Is Aroused
Against Foreigners
MEXICO CITY, June 19. —Charges
were made here that American Am
bassador Sheffield caused the antagon
ism of the Calles government to the
Washington state department by his
activity on behalf of the British capi
talists who have interests in Mexico.
Former president of Mexico, Obre
gon, one of those who disapproves
the return of Sheffield to Mexico, stat
ed “The Americans are apparently
trying to pull the British chestnuts
out of the fire. Behind Secretary Kel
logg’s note I have been unable to
find a shadow of the American peo
ple, but another quite different.”
Calles and Obregon, and the other
Mexican politicians who have in the
past, betrayed the workers of Mexico,
selling them out to Wall Street, are
unable to check the sentiment against
American imperialism, of the Mexican
peasants and workers, and are mak
ing such statements as a concession
to this feeling.
Great Britain withdraw her ambas
sador when Mrs. Rosalie Evans, a
ranch owner, was murdered. Sheffield
following the cutting of British rela
tions, did the dirty w’ork for the
English capitalists.
* • •
Latin-Amerlcan Union Statement.
BUENOB AIRES, Argentina, June
19. —The Latln-American union over
the signature of its president, Alfredo
Palacios, declares that Kellogg’s
statement on Mexico shows “that
want of respect for the sovereignty
of our peoples which is characteristic
of the white house.
"The Argentine people cannot re
main indifferent to the outrage in
flicted upon a brother country,” the
statement of the Latln-American
union continues. "In energetically
defending the outraged sovereignty of
his country he at the same time de
fends the independence of Latin-Am
erica, now threatened by Wall Street
imperialism.”
ITALIAN LIRA
SKIDS DESPITE
MORGAN LOAN
Mussolini’s Promise
Breaks Brokers
ROME, June 19.—The Italian lira
is going down like a plummet despite
the use of the 150,000,000 Morgan
loan that was thrown into the ex
change mill, to stop its downward
flight. Economists point out that the
use of this money will not be able
to bolster up the sickly currency;
that its debility can be traced to the
unhealthy situation of the country
and to the deflated hope that the fas
cist regime would "double the value
of the lira within a year,” as Musso
lini promised.
It must be admitted that the under
taking business has prospered since
Mussolini’s advent to power and that
the manufacturers of daggers and
castor oil have no kick coming, but
those who purchased lira with the in
tention of selling on a rising market,
are much in the same position as
those who purchased German marks
before their final disappearance.
One senator said that unless the
lira Is stabilized at twenty to the dol
lar, Italy cannot pay America or any
other country.
AS WE SEE IT -:- By T. J. O’Flaherty
(Continued from Page 1)
leader of the labor party of New
South Wales and claims to be a so
cialist. But he insists that his social
ism is the kind that any good capital
ist could coddle up to. In fact, he
showed that a leader of one of the
opposition parties, who Is also a big
capitalist Is the most advanced social
ist in New South Wales, because he
is a leading factor in a trustified in
dustry.
• • •
OF course, the Australian Commun
ists pillory this faker, which
makes Mr. Lang use his tongue sharp
ly on the Communists. It seems that
the reactionaries in all countries use
the same arguments when they are
trying to evade the Communist criti
cism. Lang accused the Communists
of playing into the hands of the na
tionalist party the principal bourgeois
party in Australia, because they insist
on preaching the class struggle and
exposing the labor party leaders as
traitors. The Communists fight for
the racial equality in Australia while
the labor fakers stand for what they
call a "white Australia." Thla la a
modified ku klux klan program.
• • «
rnHE New York Times tells us that
the company union plan la work
ing but nicely on the Pennsylvania
railroad system among th shop crafts
men. This system is in effect what
William H. Johnston accomplished on
the Baltimore land Ohio, thru his In
famous B. & 1. plan. Johnston is
satisfied to turia the International Aa
The Sub Campaign Will End July First
This Is the Way It Will Be Done!
RED WEEK will end Sunday, June 21. To allow time for the results
to be finally collected and to give ample credit to contending locals,
The Second Annual Sub Campaign has been extended until July first as
was previously announced.
That means that all hew subscriptions sent In up to (and not in
cluding) July first, will be counted In on the quotas set for each local.
The winners, and the Communist locals deserving special mention
for their efforts of Communist building, will be announced in the issue
of July 4— a fitting answer to capitalism In this country on its day of
mobilization.
Until that day, to those individuals, branches and locals who still
wish it, the DAILY WORKER will continue to supply WITHOUT
CHARGE—bundles of free copies for distribution in order to secure sub
scriptions.
• • # •
The task of building the DAILY WORKER will not stop
then. We cannot stop building the standard bearer of Com
munism in this country. But with the conclusion of the
Second Annual Sub Campaign, plans will be developed (based
on the campaign results) to devise other and more effective
means if possible to continue this job of Communist build
ing.
• • • •
The Summer Is Here!
Open air meetings are a great way to bring the DAILY WORKER
to the attention of the workers. With the DAILY WORKER we can
bring the message of Communism thru the medium of the day to day
news and events in the world of Ibbor. For this use, NOW IS THE
TIME to place your bundle orders.
Order a bundle for your local union meetings—and make a drive
and distribution at factory gates.
WITH THE DAILY WORKER WE CAN BETTER BUILD THE
COMMUNIST MOVEMENT.
• e e e
In the Second Annual Suh Campaign
These news subs were received on Thursday, June 18:
TOLEDO, O.—A. W. Harvlt (3); Buehler.
DETROIT, MICH.—N. Stoyanoff (3).
NEW ROCHELLE, N. Y.—Salmi Simonen.
ERIE, PA.—H. Perkon.
VALIER, ILL.—James Parllae.
FRANKFORT HEIGHTS, ILL—Wm. Schroeder.
MONESSEN. PA—Leo Kauplla (3).,
PITTSBURGH, PA—F. H. Merrick.
ST. LOUIS, MO—H. Btoltz.
LOB ANGELES, CALIF—PauI Reiss.
NEW YORK, N. Y—J. Abelovsky (7).
PHILADELPHIA, PA—lsrael Minkoff (3).
BINGHAMPTON, N. Y—Geo. Beg . . .
MOTHER BLOOR
NEARS DENVER
ON HIKE TRIP
To Speak at the Daily
Worker Picnic There
CHEYENNE, Wyo., June 19. El
la Reeve Bloor, on her hitch-hiking
trip across country speaking at mass
meetings on behalf of the DAILY
WORKER, passed thru here on her
way to Denver, the next stop on her
trip. "Mother Bloor will speak at
the DAILY WORKER picnic to be
held at Denver on June 21.
"Crossed Summit over 8,800 feet
high” wires Mother Bloor from here,
"will leave at five o’clock in the
morning for Denver, have been prom
ised a ride one hundred and seven
ty five miles.”
soclation of Machinists into a com
pany union provided the company al
lows its employes to pay dues to
Johnston.
• • •
rnHE Shopcrafts’ Association of the
A P. R.’s eastern region, held a
meeting recently at which it was an
nounced that 18,000 workers were rep
resented. The delegates heard speech
es by General W. W. Atterbury, vice
president of the Pennsylvania system,
on the need for eliminating waste and
the lickspittles who claimed to repre
sent the workers told of the advan
tages of company unionism and what
it had accomplished for the employes.
The puppets of the railroad, who pre
tended to represent the men in the
shops never mentioned anything about
wages, but they denounced the How*
ell-Barciay railroad bill and praised
Warren 8. Stone of whose death they
just heard.
• • •
rriHAT the employers of suck a
mighty railroad system should be
unorganized is proof of the Incompe
tence and criminal negligence of the
present leadership of the railroad
unions. The leaders of the shop craft
unions are busy playing capitalist
politics, running banks, or hounding
radicals, while the bosses are inject
ing the poison of company unionism
into their system. Only militant lead
ership will be able to mobilize the
energy and enthusiasm necessary to
organize the millions of unorganized
worker* in thla country, on the rail
roads and elsewhere.
Polish War Minister
Boasts of Perfection
of Military Machine
WARSAW, June 19.—During a de
bate on the budget, General Slkorski,
Polish minister of war, declared that
the firing strength of the army had
been Increased by the addition of ma
chine gun sections to the infantry
and that Poland was now in a posi
tion to defend herself against outside
forces even in the event of an un
favorable turn in French policy tak
ing place. i
Poland has built factories for the
manufacture of munitions of all kinds.
Sikorski hinted that Poland’s prepar
ations were directed primarily against
Soviet Russia, tho the contingency of
a scrap with Germany was not over
looked.
Too Hot for Hussein.
LONDON, England, June 19.—The
British government has offered "to
convey ex-King Hussein of the Hed-
Jaz from Abaka to a more comfortable
place of residence." The transfer was
made necessary because the forces of
Iben Baud, the sultan of Nejd, who re
cently captured Mecca, are nearing
Abaka, which Is now too hot to hold
the defeated British puppet king.
Hussein gladly accepted England's
offer.
World Court Consider* Patriarch.
AMSTERDAM, Holland, June 19.
The Hague, at its session Just opened,
will give advice regarding the expul
sion of Constantlnos, Greek church
patriarch, as a result of clauses in the
Lausanne treaty dealing with the ex
change of Greek and Turkish popu
lations.
Get a sub—make another Com
munist!
; Grand Picnic and Dance
given by the
f WORKERS PARTY BRANCH No. 1, SLOVAK SECTION
Sunday Afternoon, June 21,1925
| at BRAND S PARK, 3259 Elston Avenue.
I SPEAKERS:
ROBERT MINOR and Others.
Friends of Toilers! Come to our picnic, invite your
friends, you will enjoy it with Slovak Communists—the
newest section of the Workers Party.
Good Music Admiteion 50c.
illtWllllllilllllllilllllllllllilllllltllllllllillllliUliillHllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllllilillllllllillllllllllllllllllHHlUHtHUß
AMUNDSEN MAY
TRY FOR POLE
IN DIRIGIBLE
Return of Fliers to Their
Base Dramatic
LONDON, June 19.—Lieut. Lincoln
Ellsworth, the Ohio aviator who ac
companied Roald Amundsen in his at
tempt to fly to the North Pole,
rescued two members of the expedi
tion from drowning while Amundsen’s
plane was ice bound, Commander
Christian Prestrud, naval attache in
London of the Norwegian government,
declared here. Prestrud was with
Amundsen when he discovered the
South Pole.
”1 feel sure Ellsworth will work
with Amundsen to start a new expe
dition, but probably the new expedi
tion will be with an airship because,
it seems to me, Amundsen has demon
strated the impracticability of aero
planes flying to the Pole.” Prestrud
said.
Abandoned Their Equipment
“An Airship could not land at the
Pole, but it could fly over it and make
map observations, and possibly anchor
over the Pole.
“It was a remarkable feat,” conti
nued Prestrud in commenting the
hardships of the expedition, "for six
men to extricate an aeroplane weight
ing a ton and a half from packed ice.
"It must have been a dramatic mo
ment when the six men climbed in
one plane uncertain whether it would
‘take off,’ because, after four weeks,
they could not be sure it would oper
ate. They burned their bridges behind
them because they had abandoned
most of their equipment. If they had
been forced down a hundred miles
from Spitsbergen they would have had
a hard fight to reach civilization. With
little food and equipment they made
a bold gamble and won.”
• • •
MacMillan Sails Saturday
WISCASSET, Me., June 19—" We
are all too happy for words to learn
that Amundsen and his party have re
turned safely and we send to our
fellow explorers our great congratula
tions and good wishes.”
Commander Donald Baxter McMil
lan, who is to leave here for his ninth
exploration of the Arctic on Saturday
said.
"I always felt Amundsen would win
out. I did not think there was any
cause for anxiety until his food gave
out.
“We can now go back to our original
plans for scientific exploration of the
vast unknown continent in the Polar
region.
Now we will revert to our plan to
establish a base at Cape Thomas Hub
bard at the northern end of Axel
Hieberg Island which ie but a two
hour flight from the largest unexplored
area in the north.
We shall proceed to Etah at the
northern tip of Greenland. From the
ship’s base the three naval amphibian
planes, will be flown 250 miles to an
advance base for food and oil. Two
planes will be left there, one at all
times and another to be used as a
shuttle with the planes at our advan
ced exploration point to carry sup
plies.
Studies of Eskimo flappers in color
photography, of "red” snow, Arctic
poppies and roses and a new animal,
bird and fish life in the frozen north
will be some of the many features of
invasion of the far north.
Don’t you be a campaign shirker—
get subscriptions for the DAILY
WORKER!
MY NEW LOCATION
Special X-Ray
Prices fffTMf
Workers Given
ESTABLISHED 12 YEARS.
My Examination la Free
My Prleea Are Reasonable
My Work la Guarantaa*
Extracting Specialist
DELAY MEANS DECAY j
Page Three

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