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The DAILY WORKER Raises
the Standard for a Workers’ and Farmers’ Government Vol. 11. No. 165. ANU 'CITE MINERS FIGHT TRAITORS SCOPES IS FOUND GUILiY, FINED SIOO, NEWTRIAL DENIED, DARROW IN APPEAL TO HIGHER COURT ' ' (Special to The Daily Worker) DAYTON, Tenn., July 21.—The Tennessee anti-evolution case with its violent conflict between religion and science came to an abrupt end today when a jury convicted John Thomas Scopes of violating the law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in the public schools. The jury deliberated only five minutes to convict Scopes, after having been in the court room only three hours since the trial began July 10. The conviction followed a request by defense counsel that their client be found guilty. Attorneys for Scopes immediately filed a motion for a new trial which was denied. Then the 24-year-old high school pro AS WE SEE IT. By T. J. O’FLAHERTY t / 1 NOT since Henry Ford, the multi millionaire flivver manufacturer, made an ass of himself on the witness ■ stand in the Ford-Tribune libel trial, ' when he referred to history as ‘‘bunk” has a man prominent in public life showed up in so unfavorable a light as the notorious mountebank William ' Jennings Bryan before the grilling examination of Clarence Darrow in the Scopes trial at Dayton, Tennessee. 1 The DAILY WORKER declared that this trial would deal a deadly blow to the church, and this goes for all denominations. If it stopped right now. after William Jennings Bryan exhibited his colossal ignorance un der Darrow's grilling, it is hard to see how any self-respecting person can defend the hocus pocus any longer. * » * BRYAN swallowed everything that the bible* contains with much greater ease than the biblical whale could have swallowed Jonah. The members of the snake family crawl on their bellies because owe of them was used by the devil to tempt Adam, incidentally making a Iran out of him. God must have also cursed the working class—they have crawled on their .bellies for centuries and have eaten dust. Perhaps a worker pro duced the apple that sent Adam and Eve hunting for loin cloths!" How ever, the workers are begnining to stand on their pins, tho they have no reason to be thankful to the bible for their access of manhood. * • • PERHAPS a Jesuit might have made a better showing on the witness stand than Bryan. Os course, a Jesuit is too clever to go on the witness stand, but if he did, Darrow would not have such an easy job. The Jesuit god is brought up to date. If the British empire learned a trick or two in the art of managing colonies thru the loss of the United States, the catholic church learned a good deal from its experience in burning here tics. Galileo was persecuted and Bruno burned at the stake because they gave expression to their tfis agieement with the catholic dogma that the earth was fiat and stood still while the sun and the other planets moved around it. This was god’s word according to the church. They admit now that god was all wet, in that respect, yet they still expect us to believe in their specially created deity—specially created to frighten us fn giving up our own money. ONE crazy preacher in New York —• —he rants in one of the most stylish religious daffy houses—-declar ed that' William Jennings Bryan's diaf reminded him of Christ while the rugged physiognlmy of Clarence Dar (Continuea on Page 2.) HSIO HSI LOU, AT WASHINGTON, D. C., “HANDS OFF CHINA” MEET, TELLS OF NATION’S SUFFERING WASHINGTON. D. C.. July 21.—The following Is the text of the speech delivered by Hsio Hsi Lou, the first speaker at the “Hands Off China" meet ing held at the Initiative of the Workers (Communist) Party last Friday in the capital city of American imperialism. Mr. Lou was formerly the editor of a newspaper of Peking. His speech was as follows: Like Fall of Bastile. < "Ladies and Gentlemen: —1 feel it Is a great privilege to me to speak . before this audience on the prob lems of China. The present move ment in China has often been misun derstood, misrepresented by those who have a preconception or who have their own interests to promote. "Perhaps you have heard much about the so-called agitation in China at present. The movement started with the strike of the Chinese work ers In a Japanese cotton mill in Shanghai, the arbitrary arrest of some strikers by the foreign autborl (Continued on page 3) THE DAILY WORKER. Ascription Rates: 'fessor was called before the bar of justice and sentenced to pay a fine of SIOO. Defense counsel at once entered a bill of exceptions, their formal move appealing the conviction to the ap pellate court of Tennessee. Rich Landowner Brings In Verdict. The verdict was returned after the jury had been out only five minutes, to take a single ballot on the court house lawn. The conviction was an nounced by Captain Jack Thompson, w hite goateed and the wealthiest land owner in the county. “We find the defendant guilty as charged in the indictment,” were his only words. The court then called Scopes before b!m and asked the young defendant, "Have you anything to say?” “Your honor,” said Scopes, In a nervous tone, but with simple dig nity, “I feel I have been convicted for violating an unjust statute. I shall continue to do all In my power to op pose any law which doesn’t permit the teaching of truth.” Bryan’s Testimony Expunged. The trial collapsed when presiding Judge John T. Rauiston barred the defense from presenting any religious or scientific testimony. These two (Continued on page 2) FIGHT ON ANTI-DARWIN LAW TO GO ON; VERDICT EXPECTED, SAYS SCOPES By JOHN THOMAS SCOPEB. (Special to The Daily Worker) DAYTON, Tenn., July 21.— 1 was not surprised at being convicted In this court. I had hoped that the fight would be won as early as possible, but it was beyond all my hopes to gain a victory in the lower court. With the exclusion of scientific evidence and the decision of the presiding judge declaring the anti-evolution law to be constitutional, there was not the least chance of my acquitt al. The cause has not been daunt ed, but on the contrary, there is 1 more of a determination to carry on to a successful conclusion in the higher courts. The jury in this court heard only the evidence of two school boya, who were put on the stand by the -prosecution. The expert testimony of scientists, which the Jury was not allowed to hear, will be In the records that will be taken before the upper courts, and will enable us to overthrow this verdict. If the higher courts of Tennessee decide against us, the fight will be taken to the supreme court of the United States. Defeat will not be admitted unless the highest court of f the land goes against us. We will stay by the ship and every point will be fought out bitterly. Succese is ultimately with us. 600 Seek Slayer. CARLINVILLE, 111.. July 21.—The posse searching northern Macoupin county for the two slayers of Deputy Sheriff William Barnes, of Nilwood. had increased to 600 men this after noon. Barnes was killed in front of his Ailing station last night when be attempted to arrest the two men whq were believed to have participated In a series of holdups along the Illinois hard roads in this vicinity. Learn about RUSSIA TODAY —Subscribe! Entered as Second-class matter September 21, 1923, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,' under the Act of March 3, 1879. In Chicage, by mall, $8 00 per year. Outside Chicago, by mall. $6.00 per year. BRYAN'S GOD SEEMS TO HAVE TAKEN THE SIDE | OF 'HEATHEN' CHINESE | MANILA, P. 1., July 21.—Ty phoons ansi the Chinese anti-impe rialist strike have been playing spe cial havoc with China sea shipping the last few days. The big Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Russia arrived here to day three days late after a voyage from Seattle featured by two cases of small pox, a walkout of her en tire Chinese crew at Hong Kong, and an encounter with a typhoon between Hong Kong and Manila. Yesterday the Roosevelt motor ship Silverpore arrived here after a terrific battle with a typhoon in the China sea. At the height of the storm the Silverpore’s engines stop ped and the ship drifted helplessly for four days while her engineers, frantically and without sleep, sought to repair the damage. The Silverpore’s captain reported that in Hong Kong Chinese thugs demanded more than a hundred thousand gold dollars be donated to the strike fund for towage request ed. The service was strongly re fused. NEW WAR ON SOVIETS IS GENEVA PLOT Terrorism and War to Overthrow Workers MOSCOW, July 3.—(By Mail.)— The leading article of the Pravda dis closes upon the basis of authentic communications, the work ri the so called league "O. B. R.” which, in its conference which took place in Ge neva In the end of May, worked out a new plan for the struggle against the Comintern and the Soviet Union. This plan consists of terrorist ac tivities on the one hand and the exer cise of the required pressure upon the capitalist governments coupled with an anti-Soviet press campaign. On July 1, the league was to have presented all bourgeois governments with a memorandum in which an in ternational conference for the discus sion of measures in the fight against the Soviet Union was proposed. Depended on British Government. It Is worthy of remark that the Eng lish and Finnish delegates to this con ference relied with particular confi dence upon the support of the English government. Theflfe disclosures prove that the League “O. B. R. ( ” the falsification of documents, the anti-Soviet cam paign, the official and un-official at tacks upon the Soviet Union, the jour ney of the organization consul mem bers to Moscow, the press campaign, the visit of the English fleet to the Baltic Sea, etc., are all links in the same chain. Alt Evidences of New Attach. Simultaneous with the imperialist acts of violence in China and Moroc co, the imperialists are preparing an anti-Soviet crusade. In a time when the English people are suffering from industrial crises and growing unem ployment, the English mlhlsters make war-like speeches. However, they do not understand that it is no longer so simple to de ceive the working class today, which has experienced very much in the world war and in the post-war period. The working class will recognize in time' the danger the symptoms of which showed themselves in the Mos cow consul process and the Geneva conference of the League “O. B. R.” Chinese Refuse to Feed Yankee Strike Breaking Gunboat PEKING, China, July 21.—Advices from Canton say that food supplies have been cut off from the American gunboat stationed in Wuchow, as well us from the British residents. It is ad ded that the British consul at Wu chow has advised all British subjects to leave because of the strict boycott against them. SOVIET RUSSIA WILL PARTICIPATE IN THE COMMERCIAL-INDUSTRIAL FAIR IN NEW ORLEANS THIS FALL MOSCOW, July 21— Soviet Russia is Invited to participate In the oom meroial-lndustrial exhibition that will take place in New Orleans In the fall of this year. —«-• THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1925 HINDENBURG TO TURN ON SOVIET IN ALLIED PACT Reply to France Is Con ciliatory ~i —. (Special to The Daily Worker) PARIS, France, July 21—Germany’s reply to the allied proposal for a European treaty, which has been handed to foreign Minister Brland but has not been made officially pub lic, bears a conciliatory tone which shows that the German state, under the monardhlst president Hlndenburg is willing to form an alliance against the Soviet Union. The British and American financi ers, whose governments are attempt ing an anti-Soviet agreement, have forced Germany to come to these terms by refusing to make loans which German capitalists solicited from them, unless the alliance is pushed thru. This is the interpretation placed here on the contents of the German note. The German government agrees to enter tyie league of nations, which has taken several measures against the Soviet government, and names to her entry which are not insurmountable. One of the demands of the French note to Germany on the proposed “security” pact [was that France be permitted to fufch troops thru Ger many to case that country, dominated by trainee, goes to war on the Soviet Unlba- If Germany Agrees to the new alli ance the Rape Be treaty with the So viet Union w®; be broken. Japanese. Cruisers Bump TOKIO, .July- 21.—The Japanese cruisers Tsuta and Hwigl collided dur ing maneuvers tiff Shikoku Island and the Tsuta was badly damaged, ac cording to reports here today. There were no casualties. Both cruisers re turned to Kure. Ford Gets the Boats WASHINGTON, D. C. July 21.—The Emergency Fleet corporation has re commended acceptanue of the $1,706,- 000 offer of Hewv Ford for the 200 old ships which the government has placed on sale. It was announced to day. BARBAROUS SHANGHAI COUNCIL, RESPONSIBLE TO NOBODY, RAIDS - SOVIET CONSULATE’S AUTHORITY SHANGHAI China, July- 21—That the secret decision of the great Im perialist powers' to ignore the first report of the Peking diplomatic corps on the Shanghai massacres on the*' public excuse that the diplomatic corps has no jurisdiction over the Shanghai foreign settlement, added to the fact that the foreign settle ment’s municipal council is_tradition ally free from the jurisdiction of China, has given-rise to the assump tion by the Shanghai municipal coun cil that it is a sovereignity and power in itself apparently. Only such a theory can account for, the open and flagrant violation of in ternational law by the Shanghai im pi rialists who. acting on the author ity of the municipal council, ordered the telephone company to disconnect and remove all telephone from the consulate of Soviet Russia and put a horde of detectives, to watch all visit ors to the consulate. Defy law and Invade Soviet Authority In the opinion Os Chinese authori ties, this is a defiance of international law, an insult to JChina and a tres pass on the sovereignty of Soviet Rus sia equal to an inuasion of her sOil. It is pointed out that if the Shan ghai municipal council continues to reject the authority of either China or the diplomatic corps, and acting as if it were an independent nation to ward China and towaru the citizens of Soviet Russia, it has need of finding allies, because such affronts as it is carrying on new against Chinese and Soviet citizens may be replied to with (Continued on page 2) <^> 280 1 20,000 SIBERIANS SEND GREETINGS TO CHINA I WITH SOVIET AVIATORS | MOSCOW, .June 20.—(8y Mail.)— The aerial Moscow-Mongolia-China ex pedition is reported to have safely reached Omsk, western Siberia, where a welcome meeting was arranged in honor of the Soviet flyers. Over 20,- 000 people took part. A resolution was unanimously passed emphasizing the technical importance of the expedition and sending greetings to the friend ly Chinese people. Similar manifestations are reported from tal tKe places where the aviators stopped on their way. RHTIANS SMASH FRENCH FRONT AS TROOPS POUR IN Krim Will Not Accept Fake ‘Peace’ Terms - • PARIS, France, July 21.—The suc cesses of the Riffians in Morocco con tinue, in spite of the fact that French troops are steadily pourfhg into North Africa. There are now 130,000 French soldiers opposing the Moroccans, and the number will be increased to 200,- 000 before the end of the month, the war office announces. The sultan, puppet of the French, has enforced obligatory conscription, and the French are now taking Mo roccans into their army at the point of the* bayonet. In desperate hand to hand fighting with the bayonet, 1,500 Riffians wiped out more than half the forces of the French garrison, near Teroual. The railway into Fez has been cut and the French are now forced to use the motor highway to maintain com munication. Two French aviators. Capt. Volokoff and Lieut. France, were shot down by the Riffians. They were seriously hurt. Abd-el-Krim has not yet replied to the Spanish-French “peace” terms, but if is felt he will not accept them, as he is ordered to accept a Spanish protectorate, which he has already re fused to do. Rumors persist that Marshal Lyau i tey is to be removed as military gov ; ernor. It was said he opposed giv ing Marshal Petain command of the troops. FARRINGTON’S FAT EXPENSE BILL PROVES HYPOCRISY OF ATTACKS MADE ON PROGRESSIVE MINERS J • By ALEX REID, £ (Secretary Progressive Miners’ Committee) ARTICLE I Frank Farrington again gives vent to his customary vomit against the Illinois Progressive Miners. His latest attack is against President Freeman Thompson, John J. Watt, Secretary-Treasurer, and Tom Parry, Vice-Presi dent, all duly elected officers of Sub District Four, District Twelve, and all unconstitutionally removed from office by Farrington. t Right to Earn Living Illegally Denied. Brothers Thompson, Watt and Parry are men with large families and their means of making a living being mainly cut off by Farrington, found if impossible to comply with the request from miners all over the state, that they visit the locals and expose the U-* legal work of Farrington, not only bis illegal expulsions, but also his trea son in the many other ways. Threatens Expulsions. Realizing that without some source of income, the miners’ request would have to be dropped for the present at least, Joe Tumulty, another wellj known progressive miner of Spring field, sent out a curcular letter author- j ized by the Springfield Educational League calling for financial aid to Watt and Thompson, to enable them to respond to the miners’ request. In a circular letter, Farrington Bllghtlngly refers to Thompson. Watt and Parry as martyrs of the ruthless Farrington muchtne and well he may, as the miners are learning fast that their greatest enemy in the state Is Farrington himself, and any miner is liable to be a martyr of his corrupt machine at any moment. Farrington’s fear of the awakened coal miners is seen In his desperate effort to stop Thompson, Watt and Parry from ex (Continued on page 5.) Published Daily except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO., 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago. 111. STORMY CONVENTION OF DISTRICT ONE, U. M. W. OF A., BEGINS WITH PROGRESSIVES UNITED FOR FIGHT By AUGUST VALENTINO, Worker Correspondent. WILKES-BARRE, Penn., July 19—(By Mail.)—What prom ises to be one of the most stormiest district conventions in the history of District 1, U. M. W, of A., will open in Wilkes-Barre, tomorrow. With the remnants of the Cappellini pre-election op position going to the convention organized, instructed by the local unions and the various general grievance committees to flatly oppose the administration, appearances indicate anything but a harmonious gathering, insofar as *‘Rino” Cappellini is concerned. Speaking before the Miners’ Assembly in Wilkes-Barre last night, Pat Toohey laid down a definite and clear cut policy which should be followed by the anti-administration forces at the con vention. The assembly is composed of all general grievance committees of the various coal companies in the lower Wilkes- Barre field, claiming jurisdic-* tion over 30,000 miners of the local unions in this territory. Must Organize the Fight. j Speaking on the absolute necessity of being organized to effectively fight the Cappelli marine, Toohey empha sized that in order to do this a com mittee selected from the assembly should lead the fight on every impor tant matter arising before the con vention, take advantage of every technicality of the law, be so organ ized that a fight on every important issue be assured. Speaking on the issues which would undoubtedly come up for decisive ac tion, which should be supported by the anti-administration delegation, it was pointed out that the fight to re ain he general grievance committees, which Lewis and Cappellini jointly are attempting to dissolve, should be the chief Issue of the convention. Issues on Which to Fight. The speaker was when he stated a fundamental and neces sary reform was tho question of elect ing the organizer by the rank and file of the union and eliminating the present system of being appointed by the district president. The- fight for (Continued on page 2) REPUBLICAN PARTY PAYS FARRINGTON'S MACHINE FOR HELP SPRINGFIELD, 111., July 21.—A. W. Kerr of Springfield, counsel for the United Mine Workers of Illinois has been named assistant attorney general, it became known today. Kerr will probably continue as head of the miners’ legal staff. Prior to the last primary election, Farrington, the labor leader at pres ent the president of the Illinois Miners' Union, broadcasted circu lars urging the re-election of the republican, Len Small for governor. GOOLID6E MUST NAVE ASKED JOHN L. LEWIS ABOUT GOAL SITUATION (Special to Tho Daily Worker) SWAMPSCOTT, Mass., July 21- President Coolidge, it was stated officially here today, does not be lieve there Is particularly danger of a coal strike on September 1. This impression, It was under stood here, was given the president by Secretary of Labor Davis during his recent conference with the-chief executive at White Court. Commenting on the situation In the anthracite field, a preaidential spokesman today asserted that a special session of congress to deal with any contingency that may arise is not likely. NEW YORK EDITION Price 3 Cent* ARREST 4 A. CJ. STRIKERS; WRIT TO BOSS BALKED Postpone the Injunction Hearing Until Thurs . Unable to rush thru an Injunction* against the striking members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers’ Union, the International Tailoring company yesterday again brot in the police, who arrested four of the plctf ets, three of whom were women strik ers. The hearing on the application of the'clothing bosses for an injunction which came up yesterday before Judge Hugo Pam. room 941 County building, continued until Thursday., Attorney William A. Cunnea told the judge that the new bill drawn up by attorneys for the company -.vas noc properly filed, and could not be pleaded. , Judge Pam was forced to make tne postponement, the fifth one since the company asked court aid. when It was learned the new bill for an in junction did not have the stamp of the city clerk upon it. Strikers Show Enthusiasm. Great enthusiasm was snown at the strike meeting at the Hod Carriers Hall, 814 West Harrison, yesterday. The strikers frequently applauded the speakers. One of the officers of the union told how one of tne strikers received a letter from an out of j town agent who had been buying ‘ suits from the International Tailoring company. This agent sent in an order for one suit before the strike broke out, and it was only delivered last Friday, m month after the order was sent in. a second order sent in after rnp strike i started was not filled, tbe company declaring they were “In no position to fill orders.” Call Picketing “Assault. 1 * Rose Cicola, 230 Alexander St, was held on SI,OOO bond charged with “as sault and battery." The'three other pickets arrested, charged with "disor derly conduct,” wore Encetti Oddi, 1338 Edgemont Ave., Sarah Mondello, 6205 S. Hermitage Ave., an« Fran* Fjogert, 1121 S. Wabash Ave. They 1 were released on $400.00 bond. Frank Fojert was taken to she bureau of identification, where his fingerprints were taken. The cases will come before Judge William F«- zer this morning. Speakers at the strike meeting In cluded Isadore Rothbart. business agent for the pantsmakers. Brother Spitzer and Brother Babrofski of 'Lo cal Union No. 38. To Argue Constitutionality. The original bill for an injunction filed by the International Tailoring company was ruled out when Cunnea showed Judge Foell that contrary to law two corporations, the J. L. Tay lor company, and the International, had asked an injunction In an Identi cal bill. Foell then went on ms vaca tion and the clothing bosses drew up new bills, which have not yet been filed properly. Thursday the demurrer of the de fense, branding the issuance of an injunction against picketing as a vio lation of the newly passeu state ant*- injunction bill, w‘ll be argued before Judge Pam.