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t Union for the Year 1925-26
«■ 1 R l . RITORy INtSTRATIVE DIVISIONS o 's£2f < r/') ) / I % jk^f %v ) «*lg .*&r 6 cyi -• l ** &> /> fe, +X ,/ **”7Se?sy r "p? ►*'* O 't c r"_n.' v' fff?V u*Tjsrv°* AL *3&“ l PROW P 9 * t * \ &&\L ° - Vv— * V X7 * ■‘3 > I ...^ »" tT - y/a *V \/ .1 SSI AN COMMUNIST PARTY i<l succeeded ia eled for activity nlittee of Baku, aid deportation, el away to the tgla for three himself to 1 Me nAde his es d ■ak-1 where he ilißionJry work, hied by the po awested at Baku, dfcorted for six isAped and went (Aw Leningrad) th he was arrest li tie activities of te of the party, hs detention, he ire years to Vol l ecember, 1911. vi is deported to n. September of hi) l once again in i was arrested for the last time and deported to Tour ougau, at Koureika, north of the Polar circle. He remained there up to the February revolution. Active in the Duma. The frequent deportations to which Stalin was subjected never weakened his revolutionary energy. During the Intervals between arrests and deporta tions, and while working illegally un der the constant surveillance of the secret police, he maintained an in tense activity and assumed important rarty functions. In 1913 he organized the campaign in St. Petersburg for the elections to the fourth duma of the empire, sub seqently leading the Bolshevik frac tion in this duma.; 1912-13 saw him one of the editors of tlfb Bolshevik papers Isvestla and Pravda. After the February revolution he was editor of Pravda, The Worker and Soldier, Worker’s Path, and The Worker. Fighting Counter-Revolutionaries. In 1917, Stalin became a member of the Pan-Hussian central executive rubles in 1924-25. Thus the increase will be 53%. The payment balance which will amount to 150,000,000 rubles will go to the accumulation of valuta funds, and to increase the current accounts of the State Bank in foreign banks. The enormous growth in exports and imports shows that great progress has been made in the direction of the establishment of economic relations between the Soviet Union and foreign states. The Soviet Union appears in the role of an exporter and importer on a large scale. The purchases and sales of the Soviet Union will be a determining factor in the economic life of a number of countries. ' _ : % 5. Productivity of Labor, Wages and Housing.lv rpHE social-democratic penny-a-lin — ers have been and are still raising a hue and cry about the process of dispersal among the proletariat of Soviet Russia, the exploitation of the workers, etc. etc. Figures give the lie to this fiction. In 1925-26 the num ber of workers will increase by more than a quarter of a million, over 20% With respect to the growth of output, the prospects are as follow*; output will increase 10% (in 1924-25 31%), and as it is proposed to lower prices also 10%, the value of the workers’ output will be on the same level as in the previous year. Just the opposite will be the case with wages. Wages show a great stride forward, especially in heavy industry. For instance, wages in the metal industry will increase 19%, in the mining industry 23%. The growth of the real wage will be greater still, because of lower prices for all produce (for the metal indus try, this growth would be equal to 32%, and for the mining 'industry to 35%). For industry as a whole the increase of the nominal wage will be 16% (the increase takes also into con sideration the rent increase, which will take place in 1925-26 in view of necessary repairs and the extension of housing accommodation) and of the real wage almost 20%. This will mean a wage increase up to the prewar level. (In 1924-25 the Increase was 83% of the prewar level). But if we compare the ’total production and wages and see that in 1925-26 the wages percentage in production as a whole will exceed the prewar level (14.5% and 13.9%). In bringing to a conclusion this review of wages, it should be men tioned that the year 1925-26 will be particularly auspicous for the trans port workers whose wages were lower than those of all the other categories of workers. In 1925-26 their wage will increase 45%. The above-mentioned figures show primarily two things: 1. That the Soviet government and - the Communist Party, who last year carried on a campaign for increased productivity of labor as a prerequisite committee and commissar for nation alities. In 1910-20 he was commissar for workers’ and peasants’ inspection, and from 1920 to 1923 he was a num ber of the revolutionary military com mittee for the republic,. The civil war obliged him, as with most influential members of the party, to go to the front. Here he took part in the campaigns against Yudenitch, against Denikin and against the Poles. For his military services he was dec orated with the order of the red flag. His Posts of Honor. At the moment, Stalin is general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Russia, a member of the presidium of the Cen tral Executive Committee of the U. S. S. R., and a member of the presidum of the All-Russian Central Executives Committee. Among his best known works are: 1 (1) The October Revolution ahd the Question of Nationalities. (1918.) (2) Collection of Articles. (1920.) i (3) They National -Element in the I for an improvement in the economic conditions of the workers, and who pointed out that this economic im provement was bound to come, were right. The promises which were made are being realized. Wages in 1925-26 are making a stride forward although the average output is almost the same as before. In 1925-26 the proletariat of the Soviet Union reaps the fruit of its efforts in 192425. Secondly it is a significant fact that wage increases in the Soviet Union are coinciding with a fierce attack on the proletariat in the capitalist countries in the di rection of lower wages. Russian min ers had added to every ruble another leal 35 copeks, railwayment—more than 50 copeks. British miners, Ger man textile workers and many other categories of workers are faced with the prospect of lower wages than in 1924, Such is the stabilization of cap italism. In conclusion, a few figures con cerning housing. The housing ques tion in the Soviet Union is very acute, for seven years of war and the growth of the population in large centres ex ceed mg prewar level have created a great disproportion in supply and de mand with respect to housing accomo dation. The proposed housing expen diture for 1925-26 is 375,000,000 rubles. Out of this sum 100,000,000 rubles are for house repairs, 100,000,000 rubles for the prevention of the further dillapidation of housses and 70,000,000 rub/es for the construction of new houses in lieu of those which have become uninhabitable, and 105,000,000 rubies for new houses to cope with the growth of the population. 6. Capital Expenditure. rpHE year 1925-26 we shall witness the complete re-establishment and further growth of the basic capital of our industries. (Benches, machinery, buildings, etc.). Capital expenditure will, of course, take place in those branches of industry where progress is most rapid; the metal industry, the elec.Vo tccisiifc|(l,'' industry, etc. The proposed expenditure will amount to nearly billion rubles. (970,000,00), out of which two-thirds (646,000,000) on new works. The branches of industry which will require the largest amounts are the metal industry (182,000.000 rubles) the textile industry (145,000,- 000) the oil industry (116,000,000 and electrification work (80,000,000). The sources from which these expenses are to ne covered are as follows: the industries themselves can provide 466,000,000 million (i. e. almost one half of the total amount). 233,000,000 can come from the state budget and 271,000,000 rubles will be obtained by means of long-term credits. 7. f inancial Problems (Money Circula tion, Credit Budget), i rpHE accumulation of money grew very rapidly after the introduction of N. E. P., as this was accompanied by a complete change of our economy. Organization of the Party and the State. (1923.) (4) The Organization of the Party. (5) The Theory and Practice of Leninisgi. (1924.) Socialist Paper Dies With Socialist Party DAYTON, Ohio, Nov. 27—(FP)— The Miami Valley Socialist, long the official weekly of the Socialist move ment of Dayton and the surrounding Ohio district, discontinues publica tion for lack of support. Once the mouthpiece of a strong party organi zation that was much feared as a con tender in Dayton elections, it came on hard times after the war and its print ing eventually fell into the control of klan interests. The paper then con tinued as a link in the socialist chain papers published at Reading, Pa. Jos eph Sharts, who defended Bishop William Montgomery Brown in the Cleveland heresy trial, was editor of the paper. But in 1925-26 the accumulation of money will be almost double: it will increase from 890,000,000 rubles to 1,580,000,000 rubles. Current accounts will also be doubled. Thus in 1924-25 deposits and current accounts amount ed on an average to 811,000,000 rubles, and in the coming year they will amount 1,733,000,000 rubles. Discount and ’oan operations will also be doubled (from 1,420,000,000 to 2,850,- 000,000 rubles) The growth of the nadget in i 925-23 will be considerable. In commodity rubles it will increase from 1,537,000,- 000 to 3,242,000,000 rubles, 1. e. 45%. As compared with 1913 the budget of 1925-26 will amount to 70.6%. It is characteristic that also in the coming year the growth of the budget will be greater than the growth of wholesale production and trade. Economy of the Soviet Union, THUS, the figures given above are a definite answer to the question if Soviet economy is progressing, But there is one more question: . Is ; this progress in the direction of socialism or does our economy on the contrary, revert to capitalist methods? It is figures again which will give us an objective answer. At the be ginning of 1924-25 of the ready money in th ecountry 11.7 million rubles be longed to the state and to private enterprises, mainly peasant home steads 7,500,000 rubles and to cooper atives 500,000 rubles. This means that 62% were socialized, i. e. more than half. In the villages this socialization was very small, 4%, but in the towns it reached 97%, the socialization of means of production amounting to 99% as to the total production of the heavy and light industries, wo witness the following process: Years State and Co-op. Private. Absolute.* % Absolute. % 1923-24 5562 76.3 1,728 23.7 1924-25 7550 79.3 1,970 20.7 1925-26 9186 79.7 2,334 20.3 Thus we witness a slow but con tinuous growth (absolute and rela tive) of socialist element of economy. Very characteristic is also the growth of the concentration of industry, as compared with the prewar period. 56% of the workers of the entire mining and manufacturing industries work in enterprises which employed over 500 workers in 1911. On January 3rd, 1925 the percentage was 68.8%, i. e. more than two-thirds. Another in- , teresting fact is that whilst in Amer ica the average number of workers for one enterprise is 151, it is 239 in the Soviet Union. Such is the material basis of socialism. More satisfactory still is the great success of collectivism in trade and commerce. Xpe following table gives an illustration of this: Years. State. Co-op. Total. Priv. Trade. 1923-24 2,942 2,653 5,595 3,994 49.6 1924-25 5,475 4,753 10,228 3,650 26.6 1925-26 6,342 5,490 11,832 3,728 24. Thus we witness in trade and com merce not only an absolute growth of state and cooperative trading, (which doubled in the course of three yeans) accompanied by a certain decrease in private trading, but also an enormous growth of its relative role. In 1923-24 it controlled more than half the market, in 1925-26 its influence will attain 76%. The commission of non-party uni versity economists concludes its re port by the following statement: if we add to everything that has been said that with respect to steam transport and bank credit, all the means of communication and circulation of money and credit notes are already socialized in our country to the full hundred per cent all that remains to be done is to formulate the general task; to maintain firmly the prewar position and to advance steadily every year, even if it jvere only one step towards socialism wherever the econ omic situation permits. Such are the prospects of the na tional economy of the Soviet Union. Slow but sure progress towards social ism. Real socialism, not socialism In wards —a la Macdonald, Bauer and other “socialist” soothsayers. • The calculation is in chervonetz rubles.