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THE PAiTWOBKEB Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO. HIS W. Washington HWd.. Chicago, 111. Phone Monro* 4712 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall (In Chicago only): By mall (outside of Chicago): •8.00 per year $4.50 six month* SB.OO per vear $3.50 six month* $2 50 three months $2.00 three month* Address all mail and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER, 111.8 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, lllinul* J~LOUIS ENGDAHL j ' MMtnrm WILLIAM F. DUNNE f MORITZ J. LOEB ...... Business Manager Entered as second-class mall September 21, 1923, at the post-offlc* at Chi cago, 111., under the act of March S, 1879. S9B Advertising rates on application. 1 ■■■' ■■—' I BE I I I II l'T~f El 'IT I’ll T Invoking Gag Rale in the Senate Administration supporters and the vast majority of democratic senators have invoked gag rule in order to shut off debate on the question of the United States entering the world court. The vote was 08 to 26, which clearly indicates the triumph of the ad vocates of the world court. There can be no question that those who voted with the majority consciously voted to defend the interests of the House of Morgan iii Europe. The leaders of the opposition have exposed the sinister hand of bank capital in creating the fiction of public sentiment for the court and both the supporters of the Coolidge administration and the leaders of the democrats feared further debate would reveal the real sources from which flow the stream of gold used to betray the nation into the court. The opposition, led by Borah and Hiram Johnson, for the repub lican insurgents, and Keed of Missouri, and Blease for the democrat insurgents, expresses the interests «f the petty bourgeoisie, that strata that perceives the threat of ever increasing tax burdens to finance this country’s participation in the court, and the small in dustrialists that see their interests sacrificed to the interests of bank capital. They realize that their own industries will be sacrificed in order that European industries may be revived so that Morgan may obtain interest on his investments in the war shattered nations. It is a matter of dollars and cents with them. No one should be deceived into believing that such people as Borah and Johnson are opposing the world court because of their con sideration for the working class. Both are notoriously enemies of labor and Iliram Johnson is, more than any other man, responsible for Tom Mooney and Warren K. Billings rotting in the dungeons of the state of California. The monumental treachery that is driving this nation towards the world court and the league of nations is of primary concern to the working class. While the small industrialists resist the court because it threatens their profits the workers have cause to resist it because it means that soon they will be called upon to shoulder arms and go to the remotest parts of the earth to risk their lives in order that Morgan’s ambitions dream of world imperialism may be realized. Every Morgan senator that voted to shut off debate should be remembered and no stone should be left unturned to drive from public office in disgrace those who so openly and brazenly sold the masses of the nation to the House of Morgan. Every world court advocate of the 32 senators up for re-election this fall ought to be challenged by candidates representing the in terests of the exploited wage workers of the industrial centers and the impoverished farmers of the agrarian regions and their venality exposed so that they may be retired to private life amidst the execra tion of those whom they tried to deliver bound and gagged to the im perialism of Wall Street. The Little Gompers of the Needle Trades Among the trade union officials of the United States who have been obliged at one stage of their “careers” to pose as revolutionists is Mr. Sidney Hillman, president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. “Revolutionary” poses of trade union officials has been more usual in Europe than in America, but was not entirely, unknown here. Gompers himself found the pose necessary in his youthful days, in order to get his first stranglehold in the American labor movement. Hillman, thirty years after Gompers, was obliged to begin his career as a “radical” and as a vigorous preacher of class struggle against the reactionary Gompers bureaucracy. Os course, during the war Hillman became one of the White House kittens, but after the war he found it necessary to become a great “friend” of Soviet Russia, due to the advanced psychology of the big city needle trades workers upon whom his career was built. In the last two years Hillman has found that the changing times obliged him to drop the cloak of “left winger” and “radical.” A disgraceful scene in Local 39 of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers in the city of Chicago last week is a useful lesson for the needle trades workers who have been duped by this king of clever charlatans. Defending the corruption of his administration, which, thru class collaboration schemes, is selling out the clothing workers in a land office business way, Hillman was, of course, forced to pour the meanest calumnies upon the Communist newspapers, The Daily Worker and the Fnihrit. These papers reveal Hillman’s actions in their naked, treacherous, real character. Therefore, Hillman, to defend himself, must attack the Communist press. Every kick and squirm of Hillman, however, only further opens the eyes of the workers whom he is betraying. Hillman told a dozen lies which he, above all others, knows to be lies. But hundreds of workers who were present also knew that Hillman was lying. So Hillman’s words simply added to their knowledge of Hillman. Hillman’s disgraceful session with Local 39 threw a light upon himself which perhaps he failed to observe. Tn order to attack the Communists, Hillman was obliged to begin a general defense of the corrupt labor bureaucracy of the American Federation of Labor. Hillman undertook to defend John L. Lewis from the Communist attacks upon that . thousand-timea-proven traitor. This incident shows what? It shows among other things that the last barrier lie tween him ami the sink hole of Hie corruption of Gompersism lias admittedly disappeared. It helps to destroy the myth that separate existence outside of the main body of organized labor, the A. F. of L., somehow protects * union from the corruption of class collaboration, the corruption in which union officials And comfortable careers as agents of the employers within the unions. The welfare of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers demands that the entire membership la* brought as quickly as possible to realize that the fate of the union depends upon smashing this little Gompers of the needle trades. Not even the .loathsome Higman of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers' Union can Is; con sidered more of a reactionary than Sidney Hillman. Get a member for the Worker* l’artj aud a new subscription forf he DAILY WORKER. Many Speakers Discuss Russian Party Problems EDITOR’S NOTE.—In this instal ment of the discussion at the Four teenth Congress of the Russian Communist Party, extracts are giv en from the speeches of several comrades. The first speaker after Bucharin, whose address was pub lished yesterday, was Comrade Ru tin, secretary of the Communist Party for the Moscow district of Krasno-Presnienskoy, the largest municipal sub-section. He was fol lowed by Nadejda Konstantinovna the widow of Lenin. The discussion follows: * * * (International Press Correspondence) MOSCOW, U. S. S. R., Dec. 22—(By Mail) —After Bucharin spoke Ru tin. The speaker pointed out that Zinoviev had made no concrete pro posal. No single party member over looked the danger of the Kulaks. Nev ertheless the party members saw- the danger as it really w r as and did not ex aggerate it. The speaker Postishov pointed to the impermissibility in the present situation of a co-speech. Krupskava then spoke and declared that Kamenev was right, the course of the party was directed on the right village. The poverty of the village is the result of our backwardness and for this reason all the forces of the party must take part in the struggle against this backwardness. This pol icy was correctly decided. The speaker declared that the slo gan of Bucharin “Enrich Yourselves” was incorrect, as this could apply not merely to the village poor, but also to the middle peasants and to the rich peasants. The speaker declared that she’ was not in agreement with the policy of the exploitation of the N. E. P. in the village. The succession of industry caused an overestimation of the economic situation. The same overestimation can be seen in connection with the state apparatus. The present growing activity of the proletariat must be di rected towards making the state in dustry completely socialistic. The speaker closed with the dec laration that there was no question of a split or a lack of confidence in the central committee. It was a question of determining the limits of the col lective discussion of the new ques tions which continually cropped up. 1 An Electrical Station—A Living Monument to Lenin 1 (Special to The Daily Worker) MOSCOW, U. S. S. R., Jan. 26—The workers of the Soviet Union celebrat ed a great victory on the economic front with the opening of the Shatura state electrical station. This victory is particularly valuable as it represents fulfillment of part of the electrification plan for the Soviet Union that Lenin had planned. This station is one of the best in Europe in its installation and equip ment. The Shatura electric station is fed exclusively on local turf fuel which according to calculations will suffice for 100 years. The aim of the Shatura station is to supply electric power to Moscow and the districts ad joining the station. Shatura has tremendous signifi cance for Moscow where industry is developing. The Moscow electric stations are now overloaded. Shatura will lighten this load, supplying about 35 per cent of the energy needed. At present there are two turbines at work in the new station with a power of 16,000 k. w. each. By Au gust, 1926, another turbine will be in stalled. In the Shatura electric station a 6,000 volt current is produced which is transformed into a current of 115,000 volts on the spot. This current is then transferred to the Shatura sub station by an overhead high-tension cable. The current is carried from the sub-station, with reduced power, to supply the needs of industry. The transmission lines and the reducing sub-station and workers’ dwellings cost 28,4000,000 rubles. The opening of Shatura was cele brated as a national event. Those present at the celebrations included representatives of the trade union or ganizations, foreign correspondents, representatives of the local authori ties, thousands of workers and peas ants from the surrounding villages. At 3 in the afternoon, after the sta tion had been inspected, a solemn meeting consecrated to, the opening of the station was held in the open air. Comrade P. O. Smidovitch, member of the presidium of the central execu tive committee, Union of Soviet So cialist Russia, spoke on behalf of the Soviet government. “Thirty or even 20 years ago,” said Comrade Smidovitch, "scientists and technicians did not consider it pos sible to realize such an undertaking as Shatura, which organizes the work of millions of tollers of both town and countryside. To construct such an en terprise it was necessary to get the ownership of land into one pair of hands, it was necessary to gather to gether the factories and works into the hands of the Soviet regime. Only after the October revolution could plans for electrification be drawn up, for the construction tit the entire economy of the country according to a single plan. THE DAILY WORKER illliE nexi speaker, Bptrovsky (Uk ramej, declared that me speakers iroiii iveumgrau nad proposed no po litical program. Petrovsky accused Zinoviev that with his co-speech his intention had been to show that a cer tain vasciliation existed in the party. The speaker then made a polemic against Krupskaya who had pointed to the incorrect policy of the central committee in an article and had de manded the alteration of our policy in order to destroy the Kulak. The next speaker, Polonsky, de clared that at the time of the Trotsky discussion the party had put its foot into the petty bourgeois morass. The central committee lifted the party out. At present Zinoviev footed the left foot of the party into thq morass. The speaker did not doubt but what today also the central committee would be strong enuf also not tij permit this. The Leningrad delegation must not be confused with the Leningrad organiza tion or with the Leningrad working class. LASHEVITCH contended a collect ive leadership of : fhe party did not exist. The speaker then made a polemic against fvho had de clared in the Moscow ipArty confer ence that the task consisted in the continuation of the centralization ol the organization and thi centralize tion. of the leadership. The speaker declared that this was incorrect. Nikoyen declared that no one wished for the removal of the central committee. We wish for the subord ination of everyyone to the iron will of the majority. When Zinoviev has the majority then he is all in favor of the iron discipline and the subordina tion, but when the majority is not on his side, he is against the subordina tion (Interruption: Correct!) BUCHARIN had corrected his mis take, for this reason he should not be attacked further. (Interrup tion: Correct! Applause) In several districts the middle peasant has not yet been conquered, hut'he is already hesitating. Stalin says correctly that the underestimation ofJ (the Kulaks means the disarmament of the party. One should, however, not overestimate the danger. There are fto differences of opinion in the peasant question which are not soluble. The party is continually searching for the correct line which cannot always, suddenly be found. The speech of Zipoviev Is un “The Shatura station Is one of the first steps in the realization of elec trification of the Soviet This is an achievement electrifica tion worthy of the name of Lenin.” Comrade Krzhizhanovsky, on behalf of the state planning commission of the Soviet Union expressed grati tude to the builders oft the Shatura station. "I am sure,” said Comrade Krzhiz hanovsky, “that today’s great celebra tion is not only ours but .also one for the toilers of the whole world. We are passing thru a great stage: the whole world will be aware that Len in’s cause stands firmly since the working class has proved that it is able to build such powerful structures as Shatura.” A letter of greetings from Trotsky, whose health did not permit him to speak in the open air, was read point ing out that “the Shatura station bore witness to the gigantic accomplish ments which we are now beginning to attain, since we have coped with the first and greatest difficulty. “Shatura will vitalize industry. In dustry vitalizes agriculture. Power and light will become the source of ever-increasing content and Increase McLACHLAN, NOVA SCOTIA MINE LEADER, CALLS UPON STRIKING MINERS FOR 100 PCT . WALKOUT ( rpHE increasing setftiment of the anthracite mine strikers for a one per cent 'strike, the calling out of the maintenance men, has brot Tho DAILY WORKER the following letter of comment. Com ing from the leader $ a number of militantly conducted strikes of the Nova Scotian members of the United Mine Workers, J. B. McLach lan whose militant policies brot about his expulsion from the union by John L. Lewis, the who D betraying the anthracite strlko today, tae letter deserves jhe close attention of every striking miner—and the rest of the workers of the country. m * * It is with the utmost satisfaction that the left wingers of District No. 28, U. M. W. of A., learn that there is a strong feeling among the striking hard coal miners to go forward to a real honest-to-goodness 100 per cent strike. After weary months of striking in the old fashioned way, the hard coal op erators the other day in the New York conference, showed the miners just in what contempt they hold men who are pretending to “fight" them and at the same time detailing ton thousamH of their number to protect them, and their dirty property. A strike is a battle, a war, and only a fool would go into a battle tied up with rules dictated by his foe. Who arc the people that have laid tt down Unit it is nil right for the miners to strike providing they leave enuf of their fellows on the job to look after old pit pumps, pit boilers, pit timb ers and pit horses? Not the miners but their employers; their employers’ governments, and their employers’ pen fiunVics, and pulpit wind-Jum mers. Theae hold up their lands in horror at the Workers leav ing a pit horse to starve In the mine, but look on calmly nt**tliousands of [miners’ children going short of food. And If the natural protector of these clear, no one knows exactly how a peasant country comes to socialism. It is not only necessary to define cor rectly the but also to find the correct relation of the questions. In this connection Zinoviev gives ns no answer. The speaker de clared that a great difference existed between the tone of the Leningrad art icle and the tone of the resolutions of the Leningrad workers. (Applause!) The speaker demanded definitely the breaking off of the discussion after the party congress. The party was not in a position to allow itself such a luxury. (Applause). The next speaker Uglanov pointed out that Zinoviev’s speech contained no program. The party would solve the questions raised by Zinoviev with out any difficulty. The speaker closed with the demand that Zinoviev repair his mistakes. 'YrAROSLAVSKY began his speech with the question how was it pos sible that a member of the polit bureau who, three days before the party congress had voted In the plenum of the central committee for all the basic theses and who had said i.o word about any differences of opin ion, could now come forward with a co-speech. The Leningrad workin* class had a heroic history, the pres ent moment of this history, however, must soon be forgotten. (Applause) Zinoviev is mostly responsible for this. With his colossal authority as chair man of the Comintern he declared at the Leningrad conference that in Moscow the slogan “Against Lenin grad” had been coined. The speaker declared that such a slogan was not given and that Zinoviev had no right to make such irresponsible statement. EYDOKIMOV (Leningrad) protested against the contention that the Leningrad delegation did not repres ent the Leningrad organization. \Vc demand the objective treatment of thi» questions of principle which hav* been placed before the party congress. He then made a polemic against the Bucharin accusation that Zinoviev had said that the N.'E. P. was a retreat. Zinoviev himself speaks definitely of the aggressive character of the N. E. P. The most important is to create clarity in the questions of principle. The central committee had incorrect ly attacked the Young Communist League in Leningrad that it feared the middle peasantry. The tasks of the Young Communist League in the vil lage are tremendously complitated. New forms must be discovered. The of culture. Shatura will help us to raise up the living standards of the workers and peasants and to reinforce their working union.” Comrade Jacob brot greetings from the Comintern and the French Com munist Party. “No one will find the description of the triumphant open ing of the Shatura electro-station in the bourgeois press. The bourgeois press only talks of the defects and failures of the working class of the Soviet Union. But the Communist press will tell the workers of western Europe about today’s celebrations,” declared Jacob. Then came Comrade Savin, who spoke for the central committee of the Builders’ Union and Comrade Koz yrev from the Metal Workers’ cen tral committee, who on behalf of 700,000 Soviet metal workers said that tho up to now machines, turbine-gene rators and boilers bore the marks of foreign firms, that in the next two or three years the metal workers of the Soviet Union will work so that all parts and all equipment for other dis trict electric stations which must be constructed according to the electri fication program will be made in Soviet factories. 4 children has voted in his local union that some of his fellow workers shall look after the employers’ property while the battle for bread is being “fought” then these same hypocrites will tell this deserter of his own flesh and blood how law abiding, how constitutional and god-fearing he Is. A strike is war, and at least one side to the fight sees to It that all weapons at their command are brot into play to win. Here in Nova Sco tia, during the last few years the min ors have felt the weight* of some of (hose weapons that have been used to dofeat them. Federal "soldiers, pro vincial police, law courts, jails are noino of the weapons used, but those same miners also learned the use of * 100 p«r oent strike ami/used it es- Leningrad organization has rendered great service in the creation of a firm connection between town and country. The speaker closed with the state ment that the Leningrad organization would subordinate itself to all party decisions. KOMAROV (Leningrad) discussed first of all the question why the Leningrad party bureau had fallen into a majority and a minority. Ho touched upon organizational questions in connection with the removal of and the nomination of responsible officials, amongst them the removal of the sec retary of the government bureau, Sa lutzky. Despite the demand of tho central committee for the removal of Salutzky 6n account of serious mis demeanors, the Leningrad committee had vasctllated Very considerably. Zi noviev himself had supported this op position. The speaker at the time had declared in a personal talk with Zino viev that all efforts must be made that the leadership of all organiza tions should lie in the hands of the central committees and not in tho hands of individual persons. Ordshonfkidse stressed the fact that the co-speech of Zinoviev meant the setting tip of- a special program in op position-tb the program of the central committee. It is incorrect to repres ent this r ca-speech as simply an ex change of vepinions, altho Zinoviev himself, has -declared that the line of the dentral committee to the question of the village poor Is correct. The party accepts the line of Bucharin where it is in agreement with Lenin. One may not tolerate the baseless at tacks upon Bucharin, because Bucha rin is one of the best party theoreti cians and we all love and support him. The Leningrad comrades had forced the party into a severe crisis, but it is certain that the Leningrad com rades will tolerate no opposition against the party majority, and will subordinate themselves to the deci sions of the party. SALUTZKY (Leningrad) declared that he had never attempted to discredit the central committee and that he now recognized his earlier mistakes. All members of the Lenin grad delegation would energetically carry out the decisions of the party. KAGANOVITCII (General secret ary of the Communist Party in the Ukraina) energetically attacked the co-speech of Zinoviev. Zinoviev lias neither a practical program nor con crete proposals. The co-speech of Zinoviev says no word about the great At a banquet, which was held after the meeting, Trotsky made a speech in which .he pointed out that the building of the Shatura electro-station was starred on the second day after the October revolution, and that it is the embodiment of the plan of Vladi mir Ilyttch Lenin and worthy of being named after him. The speech of the French ambassa dor, M. Erbette, rang with full recog nition of the great work. “A great industrial thot” he said “has been realized here among the woods and lakes. A form of fuel which until quite recently was still" ignored and which did not even jus tify the transport expenses for any great distance, is now being employed here on the spot. You will receive electrical energy within the course of one year to the value of 4,000,000 rubles, consuming less than 20,000,000 poods of this peat, which for centur ies has lain unutilized in the boglands. You will not only serve town and fac tory enterprises; but we know that one of your main ideas is to perme ate the far off villages with this elec trical energy. This work of electrify ing the countryside will be realized thruout the whole world, but the fectively in 1922 and again in 1923. A 100 per cent strike is, from the first hour of battle, fought by men filling the first line of fight, less than a 100 per cent strike is fought with the women and children In the front line who have been deserted by their fath ers and husbands who are protecting the accursed property of the man whom these fool husbands and fathers say they are “fighting.” A 100 per oent strike, Is as a rule, short and owift with overy blow landing square ly or. the top of the head of the hated foe from tho first hour of battle, less than a hundred per cent strike is, as a rule, long and painfully drawn out with the moat severe blows of the operators falling daily on the heads of the women and children who have boen forced to match the few rags on their backs and a few crusts of bread against the millions of the coal op erators. Less than a 100 per cent clrike permits tho employer to make millions of money out of old refuse heaps about their mines, while a real honest 100 per cent strike forces the foe to spend money. What In hell ex change value has a pitful of water? At least down here by the broad At lantic It has none, but it costs real money to get out of the mine. Loss than a 100 per cent Btrike in sures that the pit horses are properly fed and cared for and the children of the miners poorly fed and cared for because their fool father is prepared to starve them so that he, bless Ms soul, may remain a union man that believes tn "constitutional methods." A 100 per cent strike called sud denly and effectively means starved pit horses, flooded mines, smashed roadways and red hell In general let loos* on th« property of th* foe that progress which the central committee has made in the previous year. It mentioned only the difficulties. It is certain that there Is a differentiation in the village, but the central com mittee and the fourteenth party con gress have already pointed this out. In the Ukraine as early as July we raised this question of the village poor and treated the question of tho committees of the poorer peasantry which have to carry out the decisions of the party upon the defense of the interests of the village poor and the inclusion of the middle peasantry, cor rectly. We have freed 22 per cent, that is to say, 1,200,000, of the vil lage poor, from taxes. In the Ukraine 400,000 peasant economies co-operate in the organization of the culture of beet sugar. It is our concrete task to sever the middle peasantry from the village usurer. It is no light task to draw ten million peasants into the work of Soviet reconstruction. We say to the village poor: Organize co-oper atives, organize committees, organize mutual between the party and the Soviet power, help yourselves organizationally and materially! With empty slogans such as “A Horse for Every Peasant!” we cannot help the village poor at all. This is demagogy and only makes our diffi cult. Comrades Sokolnikov and Ka menev come forward as eager defend ers of the Interests of the village poor. Why do these representatives of fin ance and economy make concrete pro posals for the assistance of the vil lage poor? Sonie people represent themselves as having a monopoly of hundred per cent Leninism. The speak er is' of the opinion that only the whole party and the party congress and not individuals can apply Lenin ism correctly. Zinoviev’s book, “The Philosophy of the Epoch” contains great pessimistic degressions. The Leningrad organization is attempt ing to terrorize us with its au thority. We must overcome all dif ferences of opinion by an unequivocal formulation. The decisions of the party congress must provide for the correct carrying out of the tasks be fore us. A NTIPOV (Urals) said that the task of the Theoretician is not to spread pessimism about the possibility of socialist reconstruction in a coun try, but to provide a theoretical basis for the practical building up of social ism. The Leningrad organization has isolated itself from the party, but It will correct its mistakes. (Applause). Soviet government may consider itself as one of the initiators.” The Turkish minister of agriculture, Sabri Bey, declared: “Today, yet one more unforgetable experience has been added to my deep impressions on the cultural and economic progress of the peoples of the Soviet Union, which I have received during the short time I have been in the Soviet Union. “In Turkey we look upon the achievements of the great October re volution with fascination and love, and I am overjoyed to be a living witness of one of these achievements —the Shatura electric station. “I would only like to emphasize one of the peculiarities of this station, which attaches a kind of symbolic sig nificance to it. The station is named after Lenin and Lenin is the undying sun living in the hearts of all human ity. The life of Lenin, his gigantic energy was directed to improving the life, the economic and cultural eman cipation of the peasantry, and thanks to this station, this great name of Lenin will in the near future carry the dawn in the peasant huts by means of electric light and will turn the dark night into bright daylight." would deny you bread. One hundred and sixty-eight thousand pairs of rebel hands withdrawn from the prop erty of the hard coal mines of tho United States can win this fight. Tbjjre are no more any Queensbury rules governing industrial disputes, then thrice accursed be /the working man that lends himself to care for tho property of the men that coin yt>ur labor into profits. A 100 per cent strike is always swift and of short duration, and nearly always successful, less than a 100 per cent strike is long and pain fully drawn out and seldom success ful. A 100 per cent strike brings real dollars to a worker that can buy real b«iad, less than 100 per cent striko :>r)n?;i the “good opinion” of the dear public to tho worker with which he can buy nothing. Fight for the cash and let tho credit go to hell. Stick np a hungry miners’ child and downed pit pump to the dear public and watch them bemoan the fate of the poor pump. Oh, what fools the workers are to protect old pit Junk ruther than protect the children that they have brot into the world. Less than a 100 per cent ciriko matches the few bits of bread that the miner lias against tho millions of dol lars that tho employer has, a real 100 * per cent strike makes tho raco for vic tory to be between the destruction of your oppressors’ property and the lit tle bits of bread that the worker starts out in the battlo vith. Let these ten tiiousuiid pairs of protecting hands that are now keeping in safety the mines of the coal operator* be turned at onco into ton thousand pair# of rebel hands. These robel hands can turn defeat into victory. J. B. McLACHLAN.