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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, January 29, 1926, New York Edition, Image 1

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The DAILY WORKER Raises
the Standard for a Workers’
and Farmers’ Government
' t
. No. 15. Sub j
- n
Vol. 111.
BUSINESS MEETS TO FOOL FARMERS
By T. J. O’FLAHERTY
A NDREW Mellon, secretary of the
almost admitted that it
is impossible to enforce the Volstead
law. Mellon should be in a position
to know. He had his irons in many
industrial fires and one of his most
lucrative pursuits was his liquor bus
iness. On the assumption that it
takes a thief to catch a thief Andy
was handed the liquor portfolio in the
Harding cabinet and still retains It
despite the vicissitudes of fortune
that swept most of the Harding boys
out of office.
* * •
'UTORKINGMEN are given long pri
son sentences for insisting on
their constitutional rights to say what
they think about things in general
and about the capitalist government
of this country in particular. The
declaration of independence and the
basic law of the land guarantees this
right, but the heirs and successors of
the signers of the declaration of in
dependence are not making good on
the bond.
* * •
TF the constitution of the United
-*■ States and particularly that part
of it which insists on the right of free
speech, free press and free assem
blage for the people of this country—
interferes with the present day in
terests of our ruling class, out the
back door goes the constitution and
into the can goes the worker who
leans on it for support. Mellon can
make a laughing stock out of the
Volstead law and get away with it.
It makes a difference who violates a
law.
* * •
T UTHEIt Burbank, .the famous hor-
frankly admitted in a
recent interview that he is an athe
ist. He declared that all religions
are on a tottering foundation and are
bound to perish. Clergymen are as
plentiful as ever he said, but “sci
ence refuses to let them step over
the bounds of common sense.” Here
is a good crack from old Burbank:
“The idea that a good God would send
people to a burning hell is utterly
damnable to me. I don’t want to have
anything to do with such a Clod.”
This is hot stuff and refreshing. If
this kind of talk was indulged In at
the Scopes trial it is not unlikely
that Tennessee might consider apply
ing for membership in the Buskbap
tists’ Evangelical Federation.
* * *
VlflTH Burbank on the west coast
” hurling brimstone at religion and
Bishop William Montgomery Brown
in the east doing very much the same
thing in a different way, the devo
tees of spiritual hocus pocus are
completely surrounded by trouble. It
is not easy for them to represent
such a venerable and kindly person
as Bishop Brow r n as a representative
of Beelzebub, tho they are quite re
sourceful when hard pressed. And
their flocks have hitherto swallowed
their mysteries without gagging. But
times are changing, old social sys
tems are tottering, kings and queens
are earning an honest penny writing
movie scenarios or lending their
names for the advertisement of pow
der puffs and tooth paste and we see
by the papers as Dooley would say
that Lenin’s picture has taken the
place formerly occupied by that of
the Czar in every corner of Russia.
• • •
T. H. THOMAS, one of King George’s
** privy councillors has rendered
another service to the ruling class of
his dear empire. The members of his
(Continued on page 2)
Another
LENIN
Explaining how labor lead
ers become agents of the
capitalist class. Read the
first American publication
of this article by our great
leader in Saturday’s (Jan.
30) issue of the new
Magazine Supplement
of
THE DAILY WORKER
- I———.
THE DAILY WORKER.
LYNETT PLAN
IS REJECTED
BY OPERATORS
Operators Holding Out
to Smash Union
(Special to The Dally Worker)
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 27—The joint
conference between John L. Lewis,
president of the United Mine Workers,
and the operators, meeting after the
breakup of the conference in New
York two weeks ago, rejected the Ly
nett plan for “settling” the strike, and
adjourned until today. No plans are
announced for the future sessions of
the conference.
The conference was called at the re
quest of Lewis who had accepted the
Lynett plan, rather than accede to the
demand of the general grievance com
mittees of the anthracite miners that
he call a general strike by withdraw
ing the maintenance men who are ac
tually scabbing on the striking miners
even tho they are working with per
mission of the union.
Mine Owners Reject Plan.
The operators refused to accept the
Lynett plan, or any other plan which
does not tie the miners up for a long
term of years, arbitration, no Increase
in wages and outlawing of strikes in
the industry.
The operators being certain that Le
w'is will not call a hundred per cent
strike are pressing their advantage,
and are aiming at the crippling of the
union with its eventual destruction as
their objective. The striking miners
are realizing this and are adopting
the policy of the Progressive Miners’
Committee, the left wing of the U. M.
W., calling io r no arbitration, a hun
dred pqr cent strike., and no compro
mise on the demands of the tri-district
wage convention.
While Lewis seeks to secure some
plan which will give the operators
their demands and at. the same time
appease the miners, suffering among
the miners is growing.
• * •
Another “Resolution” Offered.
HARRISBURG, Pa., Jan. 27—An
other resolution aimed to put to an
end for all times differences between
the United Mine Workers and the op
erators in the anthracite regions, was
introduced in the lower house of the
legislature today.
The resolution would name Senator
George Wharton Pepper, Senator
David Reed, and former Gov. Edwin
Stuart as a board to call representa
tives of both factions together and
ask them to present their differ
ences.
The committee would issue the call
five days after adoption of the reso
lution.
• • •
Illinois Miners Demand
National Mine Strike to
Save Union and Wages
(Special to The Daily Worker)
VALIKR, 111. Jan. 27—A national
coal strike “to save the anthracite and
soft coal miners’ union, wages and con
ditions” is requested of Inti. Pres. John
L. Lewis by Local 3613, U. M. W. A.,
of Valier, 111.
The local also protests against the
modified from of blacklist known as
the application and recommendation
for employment, being introduced by
Illinois operators. The union charges
that "If you are active in the union or
ever received workman’s compensation
from any coal company” the applica
tion will not be issued.
"The party la the instrument for the
dictatorship of the proletariat.”—Len
in. Hear the message of Leninism at
the Lenin Memorial meetings.
McKinley Patches His Political Fences
By H. M. WICKB.
.TyR. william b. mckinley,
traction magnate of Champaign,
Illinois, and one of the coterie of sen*
ators who helped gag the opposition
to the world court has been forced to
exert himself a trifle of late in order
to keep intatct his political fences at
home. In the midst of the tempestu
ous struggle he had to abandon for a
few days his holy task of preparing
the ground for the youth of this na
tion to carry on tho Morgan tight on
the field of battle that he was so val
iantly waging in the senate.
Every six years the solons in that
exaltod legislative body have to stand
for re-election and McKinley happens
entered as Second-class matt,.- iact.tember 21, l»tt. at tha Post Office at Chicago. Illinois, under the Act of March 3. 187*.
rrti.>*°. by mall. SB.OO per year.
-I r I Ct Chicago, by mall, $6 00 per year.
JUST A LITTLE APPETIZER
i ”
THOUSANDS OF
TOILERS ATTEND
LENIN MEETINGS
Shop Nuclei Turn Out
Masses in Many Cities
At the many Lenin memorial meet
ings held all over the nation to com
memorate the second anniversary of
the death of Lenin, many workers who
had heard very little of Lenin and
what Leninism means attended the
meetings. The shop and street nuclei
in every local of the Workers (Com
munist) Party, long before the meet
ings, distributed literature, leaflets,
DAILY WORKERS, acquainting tho
workers with what Lenin had done
and what Leninism means to the
workers. Many of the workers, who
were thus reached by the literature
of the party, attended these meetings
and for the first time heard vNjat
Lenin stood for from the speakers of
the Workers (Communist) Party.
Philadelphia Joins the Throng.
The Philadelphia Lenin memorial
meeting, held at Turngemeinde Hall,
was the biggest meeting seen here for
many years. The significance of this
meeting is even greater when we con
sider that the shriners and the Amer
ican legion have been doing every
thing in their power to prevent the
meeting from being held.
The meeting originally was to be
held at Lulu Temple, the headquar
ters of the shriners, but two days
prior to the meeting the directors of
Lulu Temple, who receive their orders
from the same people who direct the
Philadelphia municipal government,
returned the deposit on the hall and
informed the local Workers (Com
munist) Party office that the hall wus
not available.
The shriners is an outfit open to
membership for the "captains of in
dustry" and prominent politicians
that serve them. It Is one of those
organizations that Berve as a meeting
place of the bosses and their hire
lings.
They thought that taking away
# (Continued on page a>
to be one of the unfortunates this
year. Politics in Illinois, rotten to the
core, are in a state of ferment. Now
alignments are being creutetl for the
purpose of coming campaigns In city
and state. The republican party in the
state has been split into a number of
warring camps.
A few years back the big republican
boss was William Hale Thompson,
whose source of political strength was
the looting of public works, park com
mission graft and protection money
received from gamblers and other
denizens of the underworld. With its
Immense resources the Thompson
machine made governors, state’s attor
neys and other officials out of pee-
on page 6)
FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1926
- g .
ST. PAUL WORKERS TO
HOLD LENIN MEETING
DESPITE LEGIONNAIRES
(Special te The Daily Worker)
ST. PA-ULj Minn., Jan. 27—In
I spite of the fict that the workers of
! St. Paul wanted} to use the German
House or' J Yh«*sEabor*Tempie' for* the
purpose of paying tribute to the
greatest labor-champion of the age—
Lenin—both -<»hese places were re
fused them. TThls refusal follows a
resolution pawed a few weeks ago
by the local division of the Ameri
can Legion, condemning all labor
meetings or celebrations which do
not uphold the capitalists and their
system of exploitation. The cele
bration will be held Sunday eve
ning, Jan. 31 at the Commonwealth
Hall, 435 Rice; St., with Comrade
Sullivan, the new district organizer,
as the main epeaker.
T. U. DELEGATION
TO VISIT RUSSIA
MAKING HEADWAY
Delegation Plans to
Leave in June
Formation is under way of a na
tional committee for an American
trade union delegation to Soviet Rus
sia. T. P. Lewis, secretary of the
Chicago committee, announces that
the national committee is to consist
1 solely of trade unionists of prominence
and standing. While confessing that
“the delegation i may not have the
official sanction of the executive
council of the American Federation
of Labor,” he asserts that the dele
! gates to the New York committee
; represent organizations totaling al
most 200,000 trade unionists and that
| the national conventions of the Inter
national Ladies” Garment Workers
and the International Furworkers’ Un
ion have indorsed the proposal.
The plan is to have local coni
mlttees\aise funds to send delegates
from their localities, allowing 8700 to
SI,OOO per delegate for the Journey to
Russia an<( retunn. June 1 is set for
the departure of the mission.
The Chicago committee officials are
Louis Look, president machinists’
district council No. 8; Pete Jensen,
chairman switching lines system fed
eration railroad shop crafts, and
Lewis, organizer for the automobile
painters. The New York committee
officials are I/Ouls Hyman, manager
Ladles’Garment Workers’Joint board;
Ben Gold, manager furworkers’ Joint
Imnrd, and Kllas Marks of the garment
workers.
"America is one of the few coun
tries with a large trade union move
ment that has not yet sent a labor
delegation to Hnssla,” Lewis points
out.
Albert F. Coyle of the Locomotive
Engineers’ Journal is an active sup
porter of the proposed mission In
Cleveland.
The Lenin Drive meene quick
action—send youn tub todayl
«^g*> 290
FORD RELEASE
HAILED MOT
UNITED STATES
Call for Drive to Free
Class War Prisoners
I. L. D. Press Service
The acquittal of Richard (Blackie)
Ford of the charge of murdering
deputy sheriff Reardon during the
Wheatland hop riots twelve years ago
is hailed with joy by progressive ele
ments thruout the country.
Ford was released on parole after
serving twelve years on the framed
up charge of murdering prosecutor
Man well of Yuba county, California
only to be rearrested and retried.
On receiving news of his acquittal
by a jury in Marysville, California,
the International Labor Defense can
vassed progressives and Intellectuals
thruout the country with a view to
registering opinion on this very im
portant case and laying the basis for
a campaign to free all the other vic
tims of capitalist persecution in the
dungeons of California.
William H. Holly of Chicago, prom
inent in defense of civil liberties and
class war prisoners wired: "It is good
to see that the mob spirit is abating
and that jurors can be found who are
willing to a strike leader
and who refused to railroad a man to
prison whose only offense is an en
deavor to bring about better condi
tions for the workers.”
Ellen Hayes of Wellesley College,
Massachusetts wires: "Ford acquittal
calls for new working class courage
and solidarity.”
From Alice Stone Blackwell comes
the following message: “Ford acquit
tal sign of returned sanity especially
welcome in California.”
"Glad to have my name used in
(Continued on page 21
"""i ' «
Now for Two Thousand!
1,172
new subs have been
received in the first
13 days of the
LENIN DRIVE
for
5000
New Subs to the
DAILY WORKER!
RUSH YOUR SUB!
Make It Two Thousand
This Week!
j
Sr, l ii 1 , s !’o?T,P.?f 1: U^ xc< ‘ pt Sunday by THE DAILY WOAICER
PUBLISHING CO., 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111.
DES MOINES FARM CONFERENCE
OPENS TODAY WITH POLITICAL
SHYSTERS IN COMPLETE CONTROL
(Special to The Daily Worker)
DES MOINES, lowa, Jan. 27.—Bankers, merchants, repre
sentatives of real and fictitious farm organizations—mostly of
the well-to-do elements—are assembling here for the farm con
ference which starts tomorrow. Every precaution has been taken
by the agents of the exploiters of the farmers, who have the
audacity to pretend to speak for them, to prevent any sincere
attempt to solve the crisis. The show is to be staged for purely
political purposes and agents of the industrialists of the middle
west are already busy with secret conferences in order to create
an artificial demonstration for Frank O. Lowden, benefactor of
the Pullman millions, who is
striving to obtain the presi
dential nomination on the re
publican ticket for 1928.
Representatives L. J. Dickinson of
lowa, who hopes to be able to run
for United States senator is also to
address the conference and is sup
posed to represent the congressmen
of the eleven states that will be re
presented at the conference.
Stand on Fake Program.
Leaders in the parley, outlining to- j
day the prospective program, declared
that every effort will be made before |
the conference adjourns to reach a
common ground and adopt a unified
program. They hoped to swing the
conference into indorsement of a
federal agricultural board and the
establishment of a government export
corporation* to be conducted by the
proposed board.
Secret Conspiracies on Foot.
That any effort to deviate from this
program will throw the conference
into an uproar and result in anything
but the desired harmony was made
evident today when the executive
committee of the corn belt committee
of- farm orgamizatitms met hehlnji;
I closed doors with the executive coni
* mittee of the American council foj
agriculture.
It was said that the secret meeting
was for the purpose of "tightening-up
the battle lines.” Those present re
presented the corn belt federate!}
committee which adopted last fall the
same platform which now is up for
consideration by tomorrow's confer
ence.
That the all-lowa advisory commit
tee of fifty which is in charge of the
conference tomorrow is determined to
keep the farm organizations in line
and now has no intention of letting !
the conference take the bit in its
teeth and run away from the pro- !
gram that will be submitted to it was
indicated by a statement made pub
lic today which says, in part:
“We are aware of the greaJ; efforts
that have been made by the several
farm organizations in the trying
marketing program with which they
are wrestling. Our courses should run
parallel and our forces Join because
we are working toward the same end,
namely, to put agriculture on a money
making. basis. We acknowledge their
leadership and pledge them our stead
fast cooperation.”
May Launch Coalition.
Eleven present governors, including
the treasury-looter of Illinois, Len
Small, will be on the Job, each trying
to advance his own peculiar political
interests. A number of these politi
cal leaders of the middle west and
south, discouraged with the futility of
the old party programs may endeavor
to start a coalition of so-called radical
republicans and democrats for the
purpose of bringing pressure to bear
upon both old parties in the coming
congressional campaigns. No perman
ent organization of the nature of a
third party is likely to come out of
the conference, but the LaFollette
| strategy of forming a coalition be
lt ween the insurgents in both parties
may result in concerted effort on the
part of the middle-west politicians
that will smash Coolidge’s support In
congress and establish a bloc system
that will keep the administration in
hot water thereafter.
Fort-Whiteman Will
Speak at Warren, Ohio
WARREN, 0., Jan. 27—Lovett Fort
j Whiteman, Negro labor organizer,
i will speak at the Hippodrome Hall
here Saturday afternoon, Feb. 13. at
! 2 o’clock to the colored workers of
! Warren and vicinity on the need for
j organization.
*" ' 1 '• jf
Italy Will Pay England.
LONDON, Jan 27—Italy will pay its
debt to Great Britain in unnual pay
ments of 119,400,000 for a period of
sixty-two years. It was officially an
nounced tonight when the terms of
the Anglo-Itallan debt settlement were
.made publlo.
NEW YORK
EDITION
Price 3 Cents
western union
WAGES ARE LOW;
PROFITS HIGH
Girls Must Work Long
Hours; Need Union
(Special to The Daily Worker!
NEW YORK, Jan. 27—Profits of
815,170,089 made by Western Union
in 1925 are making some girl machine
telegraphers employed by the com
pany look twice at their early earn
ings. The girls make sls weekly the
first month training; sl6 the second
month; sl7 weekly the third month;
$lB weekly the first three months
work; sl9 afterward until the com
j pany is ready to give a further raise.
J In New York City, wttiere living Is
l high priced, the experienced girls
make about SIOO a month.
A 7 per cent wage increase became
effective for selected workers of
,j Western Union on Jan. 1. The raise
not apply to all the workers. The
| company now proposes to give girls
j working nights 15 per cent more than
day workers.
Laws Do Not Apply.
One of several girls brought by the
company from Salt Lake City tells
Federated Press that her companions
(Continued on page 2).
FASCIST VENGEANCE
TO FALL ON WORKERS
IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES
ROME, Jan. 27—Italians living
abroad who make utterances or
commit acts considered harmful to
the welfare of Italy will be liable to
punishment by the mother country,
it was made clear with the an
nouncement that the king would
sign the bill covering this subject
Thursday. The senate passed the
bill by a vote of 101 to 46.
BEGINNING
TOMORROW!
A Series of Articles
by
H. M. WICKS
on
THE
WORLD
COURT
i Previous efforts to establish sinv
liar tribunals; the economic baela
for the preeent court and its polit
ical and military significance; a
I detailed analysis of the debates in
congress preceding the invoking of
“gag" rule.
Every propagandist should be
familiar with these facts so they
can be used in the congressional
campaign of this year.
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