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THE PAH.Y WOBKEB Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO. HIS W, Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. Phone Monroe 4712 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall (In Chicago only): By mall (outside of Chicago): SI.OO per year $4.60 six months $6.00 per year $3.60 six months $.60 three months $2.00 three months Address all mail and make out checks to THE DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, Illinois J. LOUIS ENGDAHL | BMitnr. ; WILLIAM F. DUNNE f Editors MORITZ J. LOEB Business Manager Entered as second-class mail September 21, 1923, at the post-office Chi cago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879. 290 Advertising rates on application. “Medical” Missionaries in China Missionaries are the advance agents of imperialism. More than that they are spies and tricksters who resort to every low device in order to gain the confidence of the inhabitants of the lands their cap italist masters desire to exploit. The history of American mission aries in China is a long history of repulsive intrigue and the most de based infamy. Since most of the Chinese forms of religion are far superior to the Christian superstition, the holy advance guard en countered great difficulties in their work. The regular preacher with spiritual salvation as his sole stock in trade did not appeal to the natives of China, as the church hit upon, the idea of introducing medicine in the form of religion. Hence missionaries who had en joyed some training as medical doctors were sent into China with bushels of pills and serums. They wormed their way into the con fidence of families of victims of disease and told them that it was the power of the Christian god that cured them. Unable to build churches and enter into competition with Confucianism, these crea tures created religious institutions called hospitals and the directors and staff of such institutions called themselves ‘‘medical mission aries.” With the rapid penetration of imperialism into China during the past few years, these missionaries exposed their hand more and more as the agents of the enemies of the Chinese people.- With money placed at their disposal by agents of American imperialism they could bribe some of the lowest Chinese elements to act as spies. The so-called hospitals became foul nests of espionage against all native Chinese who sympathized with nationalists and anti-imper ialist movements. That the labor unions of China recognize these American hospi tals for what they really are is evidenced by the fact that after fail ing to bring the native “attendants” (spies) out on strike in their drive against foreign institutions they established a blockade and cut off food supplies as well as light and power. Now the reptile press of the United States is raising a hue and cry over the suppression of these delightful Christian institutions. Intelligent American workers will refuse to get excited over any thing that has happened or may happen to these missionaries who use the most insidious methods to establish themselves in China in order to pave the way for the mailed fist to descend with all its frightfulness upon their land. As Communists we should let the Chinese masses know that they have friends in America who sympathize with them in their struggles against the advance guard of imperialism and who will aid them to the best of our ability. If the Chinese people want a pic ture of their fate in case the hirelings of the imperialists of the United States have their way they can get it by taking a look at the Philippine Islands under the ferocious despotism of Major General Leonard H. Wood. Denies His Ancestry That distinguished methodist layman, Mr. Edward Young Clarke of Atlanta, Georgia, farmer imperial hell-roarer and exalted poo-bah of the ku klux klan, is now seeking other fields of endeavor. Since the graft formerly obtained from the white, nordic, American born, protestant, 100 per cent Americans now flows in diminished streams into the headquarters of that organization, Mr. Clark, being an energetic go-getter, is now devoting his peculiar talents to creat ing a new organization to be known as “The Supreme Kingdom” The title of the new venture has a certain flare reminiscent of the religious pathology of Atlanta. Everything in that region is always described in superlative terms. All the discontented grand goblins, imperial wizards, all the pre-eminent, may now rally to the loud bassoon of the all-highest—Mr. Edward Young Clarke, himself —into “The Supreme Kingdom” and do battle with those who dare to insinuate that man did not spring full-blown upon the earth on the sixth day of Jehovah’s herculean labors as described in Genesis, after which, as Paul LaFargue says, he established the seventh as a day of rest and has been resting ever since. The new organization is to fight evolution and, unlike the klan, it accepts catholics and Jews and all others wjio swear their allegi ance to the Christian bible and accept god as the creator of the uni verse. Evolution is to be combatted in the schools and colleges and the supreme kingdom is to strive to remove all teachers and others who uphold the theories or who are known to believe in evolution. Politically the organization will oppose every politician who opposes its “principles.” There are always enuf semi-imbeciles to gain support for such a venture as Mr. Clarke’s latest and we presume such creatures may as well spend their time quarreling with their ancestors as anything else. We question whether it will prove to be as fertile a field for graft as was the koo-koos. . . . „ As to its pretenses to combat evolution, if it has in its ranks any person of even a modicum of intelligence or ability worthy the steel of a revolutionist we would be glad to publicly debate the rela tive merits of evolution and the genesis story of the bible. In such a discussion we would not merely explode again the ridiculous tale of creation, which no intelligent person can possibly accept, but would explain the morbid, petty bourgeois social environment which gives rise to such absujd organizations. Japanese magic The Ruesian gold that waa captured by the Japaneae when they Invaded Siberia disappeared. No trace of It pan be found. „ A Win the Latest Book by Trotsky! Prize mJWSh A for the best Worker Correspondent story sent In during the week, to appear In the Issue of Friday, April 16, will win “WHITHER RUSSIA?” “TOWARDS CAPITALISM OR SOCIALISM?" By the Author of “Whither England?’’; O J D * “THE AWAKENING OF CHINA/' by Jas. H. Dolaen. *>na fTIZe • Another new and unusual book which will be off the press just about In time for the winner. Pyi7o» Six montha subscription to The Workers Monthly— OTU I lIZC. 80 good a prize that it matches both others. - UNITED GARMENT WORKERS’ UNION OFFICIALS OF PITTSBURGH DO NOT PROTECT THE MEMBERS’ INTERESTS A i By a Worker Correspondent PITTSBURGH, Pa., April 9 —The first principle of unionism Is to try to prevent the bosses from firing workers whenever they please. £>oes the United Garment Workers’ Union of Pittsburgh live up to this pHnclple? No! The bosses fire girls whenever they want to and the reactionary leadership, with the business agent as their spokesman, justify this action. Here are a few facts that will prove the cor rectness of this statement. Forelady is Union Official. A girl was fired from Bennet’s Shop a few months ago. The shop chair lady who is the recording secretary of the local and also happens to be fore lady in that shop did not take any ac tion to reinstate that girl. When this question came up before the local meeting, the shop chairlady, who is supposed to protect the workers against the bosses, said, “You are too sassy b If the boss tells you to do something you have to obey whether you like it or not.” No action was taken by the local and the girl was not reinstated. Another .case happened last Decem ber. Oflicers in this local are elected once a year. They are nominated in November and elected in December. A rank and file girl member from Goldbloom’s shop was nominated for business agent (the only paid office in that local). This met with the oppo sition of the bosses and the reaction ary leadership of the local. Both sides —the bosses and the executive board of the local, united and carried on an energetic campaign against the op ponent of the old business agent. Bosses Fight Militant. One thing must be clear to us work ers: that the interests of the bosses and those of the workers; are opposed to each other. If a thing is good for the bosses it must be bad for the workers. For example, small wages and long hours are good for the bosses and bad for the workers. High wages and short hours are good for the workers apd bad for the bosses. Now why were the bosses so anx ious to elect the old business agent? If you think of how she settles the disputes between the working girls and the bosses, }t will be clear to you, why the employers do not want a new business-agent who would fight for the workers. In spite of the fact that the girls were threatened to be fired if they would vote against the old business agent, about 20 per cent cast their votes for the opponent. To have in their shops workers who are protesting against the bad condi tions semed to be too dangerous to the bosses. They have one way of solving this problem: “fire the trouble makers.” The very next day after the election the girl who was nominated for business agent, and .another girl were fired. The case was appealed to the exe cutive board which is empowered to act between the meetings of the lo cal union. Mr. Burkson, a represents tive of the general office was at that time in Pittsburgh. Did he try to have the girls reinstated? Did the executive board do anything about it? No! They tried to find some excuse to justify the action of the bosses. Cook Up Flimsy Charge. Here is the trick that they played on the girl who had the nerve to run for a business agent in opposition to the reactionary machine, which is supported by the bosses. The worker was suspended from the union on the flimsy charges that she attended a mass meeting which was arranged by the local Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union ani the Journeymen Tailors’ local, where amalgamation was discussed. This meeting was held some time in August. A few other members of the U. O. W. local were present. Not a word was said about that meeting until the bosses fired this worker. If it is a crime, for a member of the U. O. W. to attend a mass meet ing, why was she not suspended in August, right after that meeting? Why did they wait until December? It Is clear. Taking away the right from the worker to attend union meetings also took away her right to appeal to the membership. (The worker was not permitted to fight her case on the floor of the membership meeting of THE DAILY WORKER the local union). In this the execu tive board worked jointly with the bosses, giving them the free hand to fire whomever they consider undesir able. Having gotten rid of the trouble makers, they felt safer. A reduction on pants of smaller size was intro duced before the agreement expired. The union officials only approved the action of the bosseg. Members of the United Garment Workers, how long will ybu allow your officials, who are supposed to repre sent you, betray yon?' How long will you allow your officials to take the part of the bosses linstead of taking your part. It is ab«it high time that you, the rank and filers unite, become active in the local upipn, fight for bet ter sanitary conditions, higher wages, shorter hours, and against discrimina tion. $ Worker Correspondents! This Is For You! ■■■ ■ 1 r- By a Worker Correspondent. We, the worker correspondents are sentinels of the proletariat in his struggle with capitalism. Let’s justify it. All that’s of in terest to the workers must be reported Immediately. We cannot afford to permit ourselves to consider little things unimportant— everything that happens to a worker is of Importance to the work ing class. Let us suppose in your shop, A was docked half a day’s wages for leaving work at 2 o’clock last Wednesday. He had a fierce headache. Your shopmate to the left said it was a shame to dock him for he got that headache working all day in a dimly lighted room without windows and very bad air. That would make a good worker corre spondence story. Suppose you learned that the bosses are planning to cut wages by speeding up:the workers and throwing some of them out of work? The reactionary union officials know all about this, but are doing nothing. Thert-lt is your duty to write about it and see to it that the paper it appears in gets into the hands of every worker in that shop and every member of your union. Suppose X was fired for refusing to work overtime. All the work ers were indignant about it and said the boss cannot force any worker to work overtime. You should havvwritten about it at once and sent It to the Worker Correspondents’ page for The DAILY WORKER. Perhaps you say you have tried to write but it was not good. Don’t give up. Write again. You’ll be surprised how soon you’ll learn to express yourself on paper. Other Worker Correspondents have thought like you but now they know different. They know that they can write. • A valuable little friend of every Worker Correspondent is The American Worker Correspondent, which is published monthly to help you in your jojj of writing for the workers’ press. It costs only the small sum of 80 cents a year for twelve copies—one each month. The April issue is now out. It contains an article on what is Worker Correspondence. Another on what worker correspondent* are doing In other countries. It contains a worker correspondent’s story just as it was recelved-and the corrected copy alongside of it, and many other important for every worker correspondent. Subscribe for the American Worker Correspondent, 1113 West Washington Blvd., Chicago. Only 50 cents a year and as much more as you wish to donate to help it cover expenses. ENROIi IN THE WORKERS SCHOOL! — All classes Iheet at 19 S. Lincoln St., except Workere’ Journalism and Trade Union Problems at 1113 W. Washington Blvd,; English North Side at 2644 LeMoyne St.; EnglistT'South Side at Vilnie, 3116 S. Halsted St. Enrollmant Blank for the Workers’ School Third Term: Six Weeks—April 11 to May 21. I hereby enroll for the following class, and pay my fee of one Check dollar for each class. I am checking the courses I want. (No one here may enter more than two classes.) Monday—Workers’ Journalism (Engdahl). Begins April 12. Capital, Continuation Class. Trade Union Problems (Swabeck). Tuesday—Elements of Communism, 2nd term (Dolsen). April 13, Wednesday—Party Organization and Functioning (Abern). April 14. Thursday—Elements of Communism, Ist term (Simons). April 16. Friday—American Imperialism (Gomez). Begins April 16. Tuesday and Thursday—English North Side. Begins April 13. Sunday, 11 A. M.—English South Side. Begins April 11. N a me............ ................................... ..... Add re55...<,,........................... 3 Nucleus No. Send to Workers’ Bchool, 19 Bouth Lincoln Street, Chicago, 111. f WILLIAM SIMONS, Secretary. “Textile Barons are the Real Crooks” By J. T., Young Striker. PASSAIC, N. J. —The conditions in our home are very bad. There are five children and my mother In the family, but no one is working now as we are all on strike. We have to pay three months rent now already and no heat in the winter. The wages are so low in these mills that all the working people have to live in rat holes and have very litttle to eat and no clothes to wear. My shoes are so worn out that on a rainy day my feet and stockings get all wet. If we had decent wages and sanitary conditions in the mills my mother would not have to go and slave in the mills and come home at night sick so that she could hardly stand on her feet. Because of these conditions we went on strike so that we could have a bet ter living and better wages, and also that we could organize not only in Passaic and vicinity but In every other textile center In this country as well. If we win this strike it will mean a victory for the rest of the working class in the country because then we will hare control over the bosseg in the mill as we will then be organized and also have behind us the backing of all the other unions now organized. That is the reason why the bosses want to get rid of Weisbord. They oall him a crook and bolshevik but who are the biggest crooks but the bosses who rob the people of their wages and of their right to earn a liv ing? Women’s Club Raises Funds for Labor Lyceum By a Worker Correspondent DENVER, Colo., April 9—The La dles’ Educational Club, composed of radical women of Denver, realized a good sum of money from an entertain ment and concert given to raise funds for the new labor lyceum building which will be erected soon to house many Denver radical organizations. One of the special features of the evening was a two-act play, “Trial Marriage.” The play was spoken In Jewish. A number of young folks gave a ballet. Mill IKE YOttmEK CONDUCTS 0 - •V workers league - Young Workers and Foreign-Born Workers By JACK BTACHEL. OF the 22 million industrial wage workers In the United States, over eleven million are unskilled; over six million are semi-skilled and only less than five million are skilled. The great bulk of the unskilled and semi-skilled are composed of foreign born workers, Negro workers, women workers and young workers. In the basic industries of the coun try, steel, coal min(ng, metal mining, rubber, automobiles, oil, packing houses, and textile mills the num ber of foreign-born alone Is about 60 to 66 per cent. If we add to this number the Negroes and the young workers who are native we would have at least 85 per cent of the work ers In the industry. The young workers belong mostly to the unskilled. The young workers enter industry without any training, with the possibility of entering a skilled trade closed to him In most oases, with the union doors barred and he is compelled to become an unskill ed worker. In the few crafts where it is still possible for the young work er to get in he is compelled to serve an apprenticeship of from 3 to 6 years. The young workers are therefore potentially a revolutionary force In industry. They are not in any way a part of the aristocracy of labor in this country, organized In the American Federation of Labor. They are part of the unorganized and the most ex ploited section of the workingclass in this country. The young workers are exploited doubly, first as workers and then as young workers. They together with the Negroes, and the great army of foreign J born workers are the un skilled, unorganized workers, that are exploited not only by the capitalists, but at whose expense the small sec tion of the workers of the country, the aristocracy of labor is receiving high wages. The aristocracy of labor is being bribed by the capitalists out of the excess profits made thru the exploitation of the unorganized work ers. HPHE young workers, the foreign born and the Negro workers are, therefore, the natural allies. They all feel the lash of double exploitation. They are called upon to do the hard est work and receive the smallest wages. In the shops the young work ers and the Negroes who speak Eng lish are therefore, the leaders of the struggles of the unskilled workers. This can be seen from the fact that in the industrial section, composed of for eign-born and young workers the for eign-born who are the overwhelming majority very often elect young work ers as their delegates and oflicers sim ply because they can speak English. THE YOUNG WORKERS AND THE UNION “The workers learned their lesson now as every one can see The workers know the bosses are their greatest enemy.” rpHE workers learn the above usu -*- ally thru fighting against the mis erable exploitation of the bosses as did the textile workers of Passaic. With this they also learn that the best way of fighting the bosses is thru a union. For all their bread and butter problems the union Is the best agency. The union is a strong weapon against the bosses in the hands of the work ers. This the workers easily learn and understand, for the union Is the first and most elementary form of or ganization of the workers. The young worker, who besides fighting for the demands of all the workers, also fought their special youth problems, also naturally turn first to the union, as to the organiza tion that fights for their interests, and rightly so. The union is the organ ization of the workers In certain in dustries, irrespective of age of the worker or of their craft. Unfortu nately not all the unions live up to this. The young workers In Joining the union have more to.gain than the ad ult worker. In mafty instances they also do more for the union than the adult workers. They add enthusiasm, pep, and youthful vitality to the union. They give it a spirit of growth, the lack of which is felt In so many of the old "established” organizations. The young worker* are mostly na tive born. Most of them attended American schools. In this country where the workers are divided Into different nationalities and have dif ferent customs the young workers in the union act as a connecting link amongst these workers. The union on the other hand bet ters the lot of the young workers. It Improves their conditions in the home and in the mill. The union gives them leisure time in which to learn and develop. It provides them with schools and with working class teach ers. It supplies them with sports and recreation that does not distract their minds from their economic struggle. In fighting for tho( union the young workers refcognize their power—their strength. They learn to become liu- I tome Ahead Into the Young Workers League | Very often they elect Negroes for the same reason. In the Passaic strike a v great proportion of the strike commit tee are young workers for the same reason. The young workers in Pas saic as in every other etrike of this nature, are the most militant because they are not corrupted like the skill ed workers, and because they have no responsibility of family. The Young Workers (Communist) League is out to educate and organ ize the young workers and to tie up their struggles for the specific needs of the young workers In industry with the general struggles of the entire working class. The Young Workers (Communist) League is not a union. The Young Workers’ League Is a po litical and educational organization of the militant youth. It carries on agi tation and propaganda, among the young workers. It Is an educational organization. But It does not eduoate the workers merely thru books, that is, It Is not a cultural organization, but a political educational organiza tion. The Young Workers’ League re jects the formula of the social-demo crats who say that political action be longs to the party, the economic strug gle to the unions and education to the youth. The Young Workers’ League is educating the young workers by their participation in all the struggles of the workers. The young workers can receive their necessary training only by participating in the political struggles of the entire working class, by their active participation in the un ions supplemented by the study of Marxism and Leninism. rpHE Young Workers (Communist) League carries on a fight to or ganize the young workers of the coun try Into the unions. Thru the left wing in the existing unions the Workers Party and the Young Workers League carry on a campaign for the organiza tion of the Negro workers, the foreign born workers and the young workers. The Young Workers’ League like the Workers Party is out to bring the millions of unorganized into the Ame rican Federation of Labor and thru these large masses of uncorrupted workers to convert the American Fed eration of Labor from an organization of class collaboration Into an organ ization for the class struggle, so that the American workers advancing thru the organization of a labor party and ever perfecting their economic organ izations into strong industrial unions capable of struggling against capital ism will Inevitably come to adopt Len inism as thpir weapon of struggle and learn to free themselves from the present system of exploitation by the establishment of a Communist order of society, thru the dictatorship of the proletariat. man beings with self respect. During the struggle they learn of newer and better ways of fighting. Many de velop Into advanced fighters for the workers —into leaders. Trumbull Meet Start N. Y. Anti- Militarist Work By J. PERILLA. rpHE release as Comrade Trumbull, soldier in the army of imperialism, nSw a soldier in the ranks of the revolutionary movement is off great import to the young workers of the entire country. The pioneer work of Comrades Crouch and Trumbull in un masking our benevolent imperialists (despots in Hawaii) shows the great need for the pushing of anti-militarist work and the necessity of awakening these oppressed colonial peoples In South America, Hawaii, Samoa, etc. Under the pretence of civilizing and educating these "Ignorant barbarians” our good Samaritans (the plunderrerg of America) have ground underfoot these colonial peoples by the worst kind of exploitation imaginable. Th4 recent exposure of the activities of the U. S. navy in Samoa reveals con clslvely the high-handed methods used. Ostensibly of no economic im‘ portance Samoa and Hawaii made egf cellent bases for the coming war in the Pacific. Large appropiatlons by and the great energy being put into filling of the Citizens Military drain ing Camps this summer should act as a warning to the young workers (the cannon fodder of the next war) to or ganize and struggle against militar ism. The Young Workers League of New York will make the reception to Walter Trumbull as a starting point for an anti-militarist campaign in which large masses of Young Workers will be drawn into the work. Thl# re ception will‘take place in the Harlem Casion on Saturday evening, April 24 at 8 p. m. Come en masse.