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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, April 14, 1926, New York Edition, Image 6

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THE PAULY WORKER
Published by the DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO.
1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. Phone Monroe 4712
SUBSCRIPTION RATES
By mall (In Chicago only): By mall (outside of Chieago):
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Address all mail and make out checks to
THE DAILY WORKER, 1113 W. Washington Blvd., Chieago, Illinois^
J. LOUIS ENGDAHL I vnitnr.
WILLIAM F. DUNNE f Ed 1
MORITZ J. LOEB Business Manager
Entered as second-class mail September 21, 1923, at the post-offl.ce at Chi
sago, 111., under the act of March 3, 1879.
290 Advertising rates on application.
Benevolent Loan Mongers
Usually the exclusive spokesmen for Wall Street are quite
frank in discussing the ulterior motived behind such prosaic busi
ness transactions as loans to foreign countries. They usually admit
that such loans are necessities and that they are made for the
benefit of the ioan mongers, Recently there has crept in a senti
mental note that is rather ludicrous. The Wall Street Journal
sermonizes Europe on the benevolence of the finance capitalists who
make heavy investments in Europe.
Such platitudinous drivel is to be expected from the editorial
writers of the Times, the World and that exceedingly modest mid
west travesty upon a metropolitan paper, the Chicago Tribune, but
the Journal, which speaks for the loan mongers exclusively and
doesn’t care a rap about the rest of us, ought to be above that sort
of thing.
American finance capital doesn’t penetratq European nations
because of any philanthropic or benevolent motive, but because it
must find an outlet or stagnate. With a monopoly on the world’s
gold supply and the surplus piling ever higher the banking houses
are constantly devising means of finding new fields of investment.
That is why American diplomats, unofficial observers, industrial
experts, Dawes planners and others overrun Europe, scrutinizing
everything that affects the Old World, whether it be a shot in the
nose for Mussolini or a disarmament conference.
If there were any other and safer place for investments than
in Europe the bankers of this country would devote their talents
to “developing” that part of the world. But since the world is
limited in area Europe remains one of the fields of investment for
American capital.
So long as both western Europe and America remain capitalist
this tendency will continue, even tho it meets with ever more open
and determined resistance on the part of England, the imperialist
rival of the United States.
American loans to European nations mean for the workers that
the governments of their countries are becoming ever more the
agents of Wall Street and in the next world struggle they will be
expected by their governments to rally to the defense of American
bank capital.
For the capitalist governments of Europe the investment cap
ital of America is a benefactor as it enables them to obtain the
means with which to endeavor to crush the working class. For the
workers it means greater exploitation and misery, with the ominous
threat of another world slaughter hovering over them.
The only alternative is revolution.
Two Stories of Italy
On the same day the newspapers carried the report of the at
tempt by a half-crazed woman to assassinate Mussolini, the brag
gart despot of Italy, another story appeared in less conspicuous
places in the press. The second story concerned the death in Cannes,
France, of Giovanni Ameudola, chief of the largest group of par
liamentary opponents of Mussolini.
Amendola, because of his activity against the vicious tyranny
of fascism, was marked for permanent removal from the political
stage by the monster who heads the fascist government. A group of
the horde of criminal thugs that comprise the sole strength of fas
cism set upon the offending deputy, beat him into insensibility, left
him for dead and adjourned to the nearest grog shop to celebrate
their craven act. Amendola did not then die, but was rescued and
taken to France where it was hoped he would recuperate, but the
fiendish tortures inflicted upon him were beyond repair. He died—
murdered, as was Matteotti —on instructions from Mussolini.
This ghastly tyranny cannot last much longer. The bestial orgy
of murder accompanied by the ever-growing suppression and de
basement of the working class must l»e challenged and the black
night of fascism torn asunder by the lightning flashes of the revo
lution.
Not by individual assassination, either by fanatic scions of a
moribund nobility or by the anarchist propagandists of the deedj
will fascism Ik* destroyed, but by the irresistible tide of the prole
tarian revolution as it sweeps all before it.
Before the tribunal of the revolution and there alone will fas
cism finally expiate its long record of heinous atrocities.
A Practical Politician
Illuminating indeed are the revelations of the notorious William
E. (Pussyfoot) Johnson, prohibition crusador extraordinary, in a
series of magazine articles now lteing published. This darling of the
protestairt prohibitionists describes the impotent efforts of the dry
forces in their early, sentimental, emotional period, and their nation
wide success in their later sancc, practical period. The first was
characterized by honesty of purpose and religious zeal. The latter
was sufficiently fervent for the pious, and was also practical anil
produced results.
The eminent Mr. Johnson boasts of the fact that part of his con
tribution consisted of lying, bribery and swilling booze with the
best (or worst according to one’s outlook) of them. Ilig capacity
|or lying makes a piker of Annauias and is only exceeded by his
capacity for strong drink—both, of course, indulged in for “the
cause.” ,
Johnson's story is nothing new. Its uniqueness consists in the
fact that for once a slimy politician of that type tells the truth. He
was prompted to do this because Mr. Hearst desired sensational
contributions to his journalistic cess pools and was willing to pay
good money for them.
For workers, who still believe in parliamentary democracy as
practiced in this unexampled republic, these revelations of a jirac
tical politician may serve as an awakener. “Pussyfoot” is no dif
ferent from any other politician endeavoring to put over any can
didate or any “cause.” Their methods ure alike and they all play
the game by indulging in lying, bribery and other forms fjl corrup
lion.
4
Passaic Strike Children Outwit Police Thugs
By ESTER LOWELL,
Federated Press.
pASSAIC, N. J., April 12.—Passaic
children are sturdy pickets. Not
even the attacks of police on horses
and motorcycles and with clubs can
scare them. They know why their
mothers and fathers, sisters and broth
ers are striking 13,000 strong and
picketing the great woolen mills so
persistently. When the l police came
charging their special children’s
parade, the kids were clever. They
dodged and scattered and then reform
ed their lines and marched all over
the towns singing and shout
ing.
12-Year-Old Pickets Threaten School
Strike.
Now they threaten to strike them
selves! They say they won’t go to
School when the police make the
so dangerous.
The children don’t hesitate to tell
the police what they think olf them.
And how mad It does make the cops!
They tell reporters that they don’t
beat the youngsters, but the peppy
pickets of 10 to 16 give a different
Story. The police did hit the older
brothers and sisters and mothers ac
company the six-to.nine.year-olds In
the children’s parade. And some of
the older ones were arrested and
thrown into jail, too.
The day before the big march of
20,000 children live kids of 9 to 13
came crying home in the morning.
The Passaic police had kept them in
jail over night without giving them
even a crust to eat! The boys and
girls had been picketing Police Chief
Zobre’s house when they were ar
rested. In court the judge wouldn’t
go thru with his sentence of spank
ing and sent the kids home with a
severe scolding.
Bright little Anna, a 12-year picket
for her father and mother and older
sister and brother, told me as we were
marching to Lodi to picket the United
Piece Dye Works that a "cossack”
had clubbed her in front of the Gera
mills. “If he hadn't hit the tassel
on my cap, I’d have had an awful
bump. I didn’t dare tell my mother.*’
Anna and her girl friend, both of
Polish parents, hurry after school
every day to join the picket line. It’s
the most dramatic event of their
COMPANY UNIONS HELP THE GENERAL
ELECTRIC BOSSES EXPLOIT WORKERS
* P<>‘
By ROBERT DUNN, Federated Press. ' ;,f
Since trade union were displaced by company unions in ttil huge plants
of the General Electric Co., world’s largest manufacturer of electric equip
ment and appliances after a broken strike in the war labor board days in
1918, wages have been reduced and all power has reverted to thp em
ployers. These facts are bared by the reports of responsible trade union
officials at the Schenectady plant but some of the basic characteristics of the
“milk-fed and company-cradled” Gen
eral Electric committee system are al
so shown in an article in the April
issue of the Survey Graphic by Robert
Bruere, dealing with the West Lynn,
Mass., plants of the company.
The management and technical staff,
says Bruere, initiated and control
every feature of the “employe repre
sentation plan,” tho the workers are
given the illusion of having a “say.”
chiefly by a “suggestion box.” special
financial rewards being given for tech
nical ideas that save money to the
management.
The workers are allowed no expert
advisors in dealing with management.
From the beginning they were barred
from calling in national trade union
officials, while the company put its
By OBSERVANT.
rpHE sentences meted out to the coal
miners convicted of food raids by
Justice Carroll at the February ses
sion of the supreme court at Sydney,
Nova Scotia, once more demonstrates
to the working class that there is
“one law for wealth and another for
poverty.” Since 1922 conditions have
prevailed in the mining communities
in Nova Scotia which reduced the
workers to poverty and starvation, that
toere never known in any civilized
country since the dark ages. Lock
outs, strikes, unemployment and es
pionage have been forced upon the
workers in order to reduce their stand
ard of living and to Increase the prof
its of the Inhuman and merciless octo
pus known as Besco (British Empire
Steel company). It is a known fact
thA the center of attack was directed
at Glace Bay, more than any other
part of the district, because It was
here that the basis of organization ex
isted. It was here that the fight
against oppression and lowering of
wages was more manifest. Conditions
were so appalling that in the latter
part of 1924 and early in 1925’ the citi
zens of Canada took up the matter of
providing relief for the miners and an
appeal was issued from coast to coast
and even to the people of the United
States to give something to save the
lives of the miners and their families.
INSTEAD of conditions improving.
-*• Besro closed down entirely some of
tho collieries In Glace Bay. This ne
cessltated a call from the district ex
eeutlve of the U. M. W. of A. for a
:<toppago of work. After flvo months
of tile worst conditions ever known In
the history of labor struggles Besco
succeeded In putting a drastic wage
THE DAILY WORKER
young lives but they know how serious
it Is for their families and neighbors
to win a better living thru union or
ganization. They can tell you and
they defend strike leaders from the
attacks of their teachers in school.
“You come to the strikers’ meet
ings and picket lines and you’U learn
all about it,” Anna told her teacher
when she was not allowed to talk
about the strike as a current event In
history class. “You’ll see why we need
outsiders to help us fight and win.
The mill owners are outsiders and
they hire all the smart people they
need to fight for them."
Sister Loses Finger.
Anna’s mother broke tieV finger in
the mill just before Chrlsttnas and it
still hurts. Anna's sister lost her
finger in the steel mobster of un
guarded machinery the 'last day of
December. Since then Anpa’s father
has been more than ever Insistent
that she go to high eefiool and not
go into the mill. She is the brightest
girl but one in her class and her
schoolmates like her best because she
Is so peppy. M
"She learns so quickly, 4he ought to
go on," says her girl loyally.
“I’m slower. It would be all right for
me to work but not for Afina.”
The children had great fun making
the signs for their big parade. The
leading banner said: “You bosses, you
murderers! Fifty per cent more chil
dren die in Passaic than in any other
part of New Jersey. Why? Night
work of the mothers kills them. Lack
of food kills them. Low wages kills
them. You kill them.”
, Shout For Union.
On the picket line Anna and the
other % youngsters shout: "One, two,
three, four. What are we here for?
Union, Union! Five, six, seven, eight.
Whom do we appreciate? Weisbord!
Weisbord!” And then they sing
“Solidarity Forever” afad some new
songs the strike leaders have written.
They’re hard to resist, these kids.
They are the most active reporters
for the Textile Strike Bulletin, tabloid
newspaper put out by the United
Front Committee every week.
The list of donations to. the Strike
Relief Committee* published regularly
in the bulletin, shows hope* workers far
and near and their friends are help
ing the fight against feudal mill, con
ditions. - i;
highest executives on the most Impor
tant local committees without limit
ing their choice of advisors. The
workers are also “pocketed” from the
rest of labor. For instance, the com
pany union at West Lynn Is allowed
no connection with that at Schenec
tady. On the other hand the com
pany maintains affiliation with the
United States chamber of commerce,
the National Electric Light Associa
tion and other large employers groups.
This means, national organization for
the company; local organization for
the men.
Blacklist in Vogue.
Schenectady unionists* reports tell
of an elaborate employment and black
list system. Despite the "no discrim
Besco Sends Starving Workers to Prison
cut into effect and calling the strike
off. But this is not alkgrelief ceased
coining. The conditions! of unemploy
ment had not improved.i*.Four collier
ies, employing about-JS.OOO people,
were still entirely closed down. Out
of the ten collieries in Cface Bay sub
district only one operatfgl steady, the
remainder worked less than half time
or remained closed. Tti'e conditions
of the workers and their families were
becoming worse from dAy to day until
ilnally nothing stood netween them
and starvation.
TRACING a Cape BretoA'hard winter.
I wit h no food, to sfcV nothing of
| clothing, appeals wer/’sent to the
authorities, including provincial
and federal, but all tfifey got were
courteous telegrams amt lame, hypo
•oltical excuses, altho ffte same gov
ernments had given BedAo practically
all the natural resodfces of the
province, together with ninety million
dollars in cash bonuses and subsid
iaries of the people's money, and every
privilege that they ever asked for,
still nothing was done to keep the
workers from starvation or freezing.
TT is thus an easy matter to picture
A a miner's home during the Christ
mas of 1925, the season of Joy and
festivity. On Sunday, December 27,
a mass meeting was held at the Rus
sell Theater, where two members of
the government, Attorney-General J.
C. Douglas and G. S. Harrington, min
ister of mines, were present. These
gentlemen promised to do the host
they could Rnd It was decided to again
cull another meeting the following
Sunday. Another week of hunger and
destitution, another wnft of misery,
hoping against hope, and the meeting
again convened on Janwry 3, but no
Kfc
ANGELS OF PEACE
By William Groppar
The hired men of dishonest labor leaders who use a “peaceful” blackjack on honest V
trade unionists.
ination” clause in the General Electric
Co. company union constitution they
report that zealous committee mem
bers, who were discovered to be also
members of trade unions, have been
fired. “Trying to represent the wishes
of the fellow workers who had elect
ed him,” was the reason given by one
trade unionist for a discharge there.
Favorites are played by foremen in
the awarding of work, settling of
prices, etc., under the company union
plan, say these Schenectady trade un
ion critics. When the unions were
recognized the workers were far more
independent. They did not fear to
take up their grievances with foremen,
knowing that the trade union shop
committee, the local union, the metal
trades branch, and finally their inter
nationals, would back them. Now the
appeal route takes them no farther
than the general manager, whose de
cisions are final.
Bosses Play Favorites.
Under the company union plan there
is no equal distribution of work in
slack times, as formerly, when trade
unions wgj-e strong. Then the rule was
for one group of workers to have one
week, the other half the next. Now
the policy is not to alternate shifts,
but "to call the men all in, make them
stand around three to five hours, after
which the boss always picks his fav
orites.” When the worker does get
the chance to work the edict on prices
is “take it or leave it.” With no or
ganization to fight for his interests the
worker usually takes it. tho wages are
below those in pre-plan days.
First class men are now hired as
members of the government were
present, no word or promise of en
couragement was given, the govern
ment representatives could not be lo
cated, so more telegrams were sent
out and the meeting adjourned until
9 p. m. in order to wait for a reply.
Nothing in form of relief In sight.
They could not beg or borrow, they
had nothing to eat, the stores and
windows were full of good food, cloth
ing and other luxuries. It was the
product of the toil of their own class,
stored up behind a plate glass. Get
it, or lose their own lives and that of
their dearest ones, was the simple
problem. So the hungry ones took.
ARRESTS of those participating in
the raids followed; about thirty
were arrested and eleven convicted to
severe sentences, ranging from ten
days in Jail to three years in peniten
tiary. 'The capitalist press refers to
the sentencing of these victims as a
“pathetic scene,” etc., the judge ex
pressing sympathy and sorrow for the
victims of the system which he so
stoutly defends. You have hud a fair
trial, he said to the first victim called
up.
JUDGE CARROLL said he must do
his duty. He certainly did—to his
class. When will the workers do their
duty to their class? It is the workers
of Cape Breton who got it in the neck
this year, what section will be at
tacked next? Wherever the interest
of capital demands. We then cal!
upon men and women of the wqrklng
class to use their power for the re
lease of those convicted in Sydney, as
it is an example of capltabstic perse
cution of those workers who resist, the
onslaught of the master class to in
crease exploitation and slavery.
■*m*r
tool makers for from 60 to 70 cents an
hour. When the men were in real
unions the minimum hiring rates for
tool-makers was 85 to 90 cents an
hour. t
Another practice complained of by
workers is the shifting of Orders from
one department to another in order to
get the work done for the lowest pos
sible wage. The departments thus
compete with each other in a blind
way. "In the former days if a worker
got a certain price to do a job in say
No. 16 and it was formerly done in
say shop 23 he would go to the union
brother in 23 and find the price he
received and also the condition under
which the job was done. If the price
was not right he would notify the
foreman and tell him he wanted the
right price and insist on getting it.
Under the company plan you get the
price they hand out, and if you went
to another department to find the
price you would be fired.”
Committeemen, critical of the plan,
Workers Eager for Education in Soviet Union
By KARL REEVE.
(Special to The Daily Worker)
MOSCOW, U. S. S. R., (By Mail.)
—Every foreign observer in Soviet
Russia remarks on the immense
amount of reading being carried on
here. For unless one is mentally
blind, the efforts of the working mass
es of the Soviet Union to acquire
knowledge is most striking. There
are, in the first place, the large num
ber of book stores, almost every cor
ner is a bookstore, with its large win
dows crammed with volumes histori
cal, political, economic, the natural
sciences, and fiction. A number of
bookstores are to be seen on nearly
every block. In addition, the station
ery store# all carry a supply of pa
per-bound books. Not only are there
these bookstores, but along Dverskia,
MochoYia, Vorovsky streets, and the
other main streets of Moscow, where
ever there is a place to rest books
there is an open air bookstand. The
base of railing® m front of the Moscow
University; on Mochovia street Is cov
ered With books. In addition, there
are book sellers scattered thru the
streets who specialize on selling one
book. \ „
Russian Worker Better Informed.
I am quite sure that the Russian
worker is better informed oil history
than that of any other country of the
world. Tlie books printed in the mil
lions of copies by the state publish
ing company give a correct interpre
tation of tho history of Russia. Special
pamphlets deal with the history of the
1905 revolution, with “liberation of
the serfs,” with the agricultural eco
nomy, with the influence of foreign
capital on the history of Russia, with
the development of Industry under the
Jl , M I Mm
tell of long delays in getting anythin*
done under it. “One has been trying
for seven months to get a raise for
three men in his department without
results. The committeemen finally
told the men if they ever expected to
get a raise they should get into & real
union.”
Trade unions have almost vanished
in the Schenectady shops. The elec
tricians once had 2,000 members
Other crafts lost power.
Los Angeles Waist
and Dressmakers to
Hold a Flower Ball
, m A
LOS ANGELES, April 12.—A grand
flower ball will be held by the Waist
and Dressmakers’ Union at the Co-
Operative Center, 2706 Brooklyn ave
nue., Saturday evening, April 17.
czar, and so it is with the other sub
jects. >
The Russian worker realizes the in
timate relation of his new form of gov
ernment, the workers’ and peasants’
state, to the working class of the en
tire world. One concrete expression
of this international spirit of the Rus
sian workers is seen in their desire
to learn foreign languages. Everyone,
it seems, is studying at least one other
language. Foreign residents are be
sieged with requests to teach English,
French, German, Chinese, and many
other languages. The Communist
clubs for foreign residents, for ex
ample the German and Hungarian
clubs, give courses to large numbers
in foreign languages. The factory
clubs teach foreign languages and
many Russians are indulging in the
popular Moscow sport of “exchanging
languages,” teaching Russian to a for
eign resident, while he in turn teaches
his language.
Want to Learn English.
Especially are the Russians desirous
of learning English, as they realize
what an important part England and
America play In the struggle against
imperialism, and desire to read the
English publications. One well-known
Communist told me he was going to
study Jewish so as to be able to read j
the New York Frelhelt.
Many the Russian workers, and
particularly the women and the peas
ants, were forced to learn to read be
fore they could begin to etudy. They
patiently went to work In the Soviet
schools and in some cases using the
Pravda as their text book, and learned
to read in order to keep in touch
with tlie progress of the new society
brot in by the revolution.

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