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LABOR MUST ACT! SACCO AND VANZETTI SHALL NOT DIE!
THE DAILY WORKEII EIGHTSI FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF THU UNORGANIZED FOR THE 40-HOUR WEEK FOR A LABOR PARTY Vol. IV. No. 143. r" 1 ' Current Events By T. J. O’Flahsrty. I \ THERE is an old saying advising the * unwary to beware of Greeks bear ing gifts. The Greeks were the orig inal borers from within and a reputa tion for trickery was handed down to them by ancestors that conquered a city by marching a horsefull of armed Greeks into it. Since the Greeks were entirely surrounded by horse the de fenders of the doomed city did not know what they were getting until they got it in the neck. * * * I AM reminded of this ancient myth * by the announcement that the Greek flection of the Workers (Communist) Party is about to launch a daily pa per. It will see the light on July Ist and its baptismal name is “Empros.” The christening will take place next Friday evening at Bryant Hall and the Greek workers have issued a blanket invitation to as many as can be accommodated in the hall to come and say “hello” to the baby. Here is a gift for the Greek workers in Amer ica that they are sure to appreciate. We cordially greet it. * 9 » THE old saying “as safe as a bank” * (Joes not mean a thing any more.: Two Los Angeles bankers are ac-1 cused of embezzlement in a petrole-; um deal. Os course this is not so bad at that. The bankers simply took: advantage of their positions to swindle the public thru the issue of ; fake stock. Bankers usually plunge their arms to the elbows in the treasuries and make themselves scarce. Sometime ago there was quite a movement thruout the middle west for the organization of vigil antes to protect banks from hold-up men. But the bankers got nervous and the movement did not develop. I * * * PALVIN COOLIDGE is in the grip of a South Dakota heat wave. The S. D. sun must have its nerve. Look ing at the presidential face in the shade of that ten gallon hat we should think that the sun would need an electric blanket to keep from *• freezing. If this sultry condition | continues the Coolidge slogan that rendered good service in the last national elections will be useless in the next. Instead -of “Keep Kool wth Koolidge” it will be “Vote For Coolidge and Get Skinned.” * * * DECAUSE of low wages and still " lower tips, three employees of a Fifth Avenue millionaire are said to have destroyed a quarter of a mil lion dollars worth of art housed in that gentleman’s luxurious apart ments. Judging by the names of the alleged vandals arrested by the pol ice, charged with the destruction, they are of the catholic faith. So far they have not been charged with harbor ing “subversive” ideas. The only mitigating circumstance that might be offered in extenuation of their j act is the consumption of large auan tities of liquor which they apparently located on the premises of their em ployer. *. * * DOCHESTER police are taking a " kindergarten course in literature as a result of the theft of several rare volumes from local bookstores. The police found in the vicinity of $2,000 worth of literature in the home of Donald Gothals, so they immedi ately assumed that only a thief would be liable to have such a well stocked library. The police admit it is the toughest assignment ever handed to them. The chief however is keeping them well supplied with aspirin and bromo seltzer. * * * CIXTEEN year old evangelists are now the rage. We thot that Aimee Semple McPherson w T as knocked for a row of Elmer Gantrys by Uldine Utley, who made some of his trouble for Rev. Dr. John Roach Straton. But Aimee came back by proxy. One of her husbands forseeing squalls ahead bestowed a child on her. This child Roberta, has now become filled with the holy ghost and is on the way to filling the maternal coffers with dough. She is now in Chicago with a novel theory that should make Cicero go to bed for a year. * * * INSTEAD of taking her text from the scriptures, the youthful usher of the lord picked up an old gag that was ancient in Pullman smoking rooms twenty years ago. It is “two is company, but three is a crowd”. We never thot that this prosaic tru ism would be turned into cash, but here is where we were mistaken. The Chicago correspondent of the New York World, himself filled with the holy spirit or Italian “red”, gives Roberta Semple credit for “convinc ing logic”. Lest you might think we are kidding we will let the sixteen year old explain it in her oven way. * * * “TWO who make company are god * and yourself. When the devil comes in he makes throe, and it is n crowd.” This is some explanation. (Continued on Page Three) THE DAILY WORKER. SUBSCRIPTION RATES; In New York, bp mall, **.oo p«r year. Outside New York, by mall, K.OO per year. U. S. GRAND JURY INDICTS DAILY WORKER Mme. Sun Yat Sen Asks Funds to Aid Wounded Nationalist Soldiers Appealing for funds to aid troops wounded in the Chinese lib eration struggle, Mme. Sun Yat sen has addressed the following cable to all Hands Off China or ganizations: HANKOW, June 29. Two thousand wounded in Wuhan hos pitals are in need of urgent help. Foreign medical authori ties from all parts of China are assisting in this great emer gency. Can you help? Address remittances to me. (Signed) Madame Sun Yat Sen. i SCORE BETRAYAL OF SOVIET LABOR BY TOC LEADERS British Right Wingers Aid Chamberlain (Special Cable to Daily Worker). MOSCOW, June 29.—Scoring the 1 right wing leadership of the British trade union movement for betraying the international workingclass move ment of the world, and stressing the need for immediate action on the part of British labor if a new im perialist war is to be averted, the All-Union Central Committee of Trade Unions has addressed a dec laration to the workers of the Soviet Union and Gmat Britain. Referring to the Anglo-Russian Unity Committee, the statement says, “'The alarming international situa tion arising from the danger of an attack on the Soviet Union by Brit ish capitalism has not aroused the Anglo-Russian Committee to any ac tion whatever. The Anglo-Russian Committee, however, was organized for a struggle against the onslaught of capitalism and for the unity of the trade union movement against an imperialistic war. Refused to Hold Conference. In response to the attempt of the j All-Union Central Council of Trade; Unions to call a meeting of the An glo-Russian Committee at Berlin (June, 1927), the General Council of British Trade Unions eluded the in vitation. Therefore the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions deems it its direct proletarian duty to address the j following declaration to the workers of Great Britain and the Soviet 1 Union: The All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions considers that the mo ment has come when organs should be created by the labor movement of both countries to struggle against an imperialist war. The international trade union movement not only can, but must meet to discuss the situa tion and bring its authority to bear in defense of peace and against the preparations for a new war. Criminal Silence. To be silent or inactive at such a j time would be a crime on the part of i the Anglo-Russian Committee. Such is our deep felt conviction. It was in this spirit and this con viction that the All-Union Central Trade Unions made unequivocal and (Continued on Page Two) 21 Firemen Blinded by Fumes in $500,000 Fire In Chemical Warehouse | Twenty-one firemen were over come and temporarily blinded by i chemical fumes in a $500,000 ware | house fire at Bleecker and Eleventh , streets today which routed 200 resi dents of adjoining apartment build ings, and blanketed Greenwich Vil lage with yellowish green smoke. An emergency hospital was set up on Bank street and two doctors worked over the prostrate and blind ed firemen as they were rescued by their fellow fire fighters. mS. i i i Barred From Canada, Attempts Suicide. SCHENECTADY, June 29.—Be cause of his despondency over the re fusal of the Canadian immigration authorities to permit him to enter the I country, Alois Danzer, yesterday leaped from a Schenectady-Amster i dam train speeding at 60 miles an hour. He is said to have a good chance to recover. Entered as eercnd-class matter at the Post Office at New York. N. Y., o jder the act of March S. IlVfl. COMPLETE STRIKE ON BRITISH SHIPS IN CHINA WATERS Determined to Resist Wage Cut; Kill Shipping SHANGHAI, June 29.—Five hun- 1 dred British officers and men on sev- \ enty-five steamers engaged in Chi nese coast-wise trade will walk out j on strike this evening in protest; ' against a ten pev cent wage slash. One hundred and fifty thousand 1 | tons of shipping will be tied up by I j the strike. Officers and engineers on j incoming ships will join the strike ias soon as they put into Chinese j ports. The strike in combination with anti | British boycotts which are being or ganized thruout southern and middle China promises to completely tie-up British trade in China. * * * Deny Chiang Defeat. LONDON, June 29.—Reports re ceived here yesterday that Chiang Kai-shek suffered a defeat at Hsuch owfu have been denied by dispatches received here from Shanghai today. » * » Yelp for Intervention. (By Nationalist News Agency). SHANGHAI, June 29.—The offi cial British newspaper here, the North China Daily News, publishes an editorial in today’s issue which is allegedly “contributed by an Amer- j ican.” It 'utterly attacks the United States for not intervening in China and declares that the Washington attitude wa, dictated by considera tion of the coming presidential elec tion. The editorial says, “the most casual j reader of American political reports j will have noted that both the re- 1 publican and democratic parties are pathetically short of first class presi- j dential material. Otherwise the democrats would not allow A1 Smith’s name to be mentioned as a possible candidate, nor would the republicans permit President Coolidge to rumin ate upon his chance of a third term. Our readers who have not forgotten how the Nanking outrages were in ternationally shelved when Washing | ton backed water, will appreciate j that every foreigner in China has good reason to watch the coming j American election with an apprehen-; sive and jealous eye.” Local Americans believe that if this attack was written by an Amer ican it emanated from the pro-Brit ish clique of the American chamber of commerce which recently appealed for American intervention without success, and attempted ousting John B. Powell, the editor of the China Weekly Review, because of his stand against intervention. GARMENT WORKER CHAIRMEN GALL FOR MASS PICKETS Hillquit Sends Funny Letter Asking Money At a crowded meeting of shop chairmen of the Cloak and Dressmak ers’ Union held last night at the Manhattan Lyceum a resolution was unanimously adopted against the cossack tactics being employed by Matthew Woll and Edward F. Mc- Grady in their efforts to crush the furriers’ and cloakmakers’ strikes. The resolution reads as follows: WHEREAS: hundreds of strikers are arrested daily and thrown into jail as a result of the conspiracy of the Sigmans, Wolls and • McGradys to break the strike of the furriers and cloak dressmakers and thus force their corrupt and discredited leadership upon our membership, who are today engaged in a life and death struggle to maintain union condi tions and save our union from com plete destruction, and WHEREAS: in order to accom plish their destructive purposes, these traitors have secured the active co operation of the police, the judges, and hired thugs from the underworld i whoh have publicly admitted that they 1 are in the pay of Sigman and Co. to ’ make murderous attacks on the strik ■ ing fur workers and, i WHEREAS, all their efforts are [ now concentrated in an attempt to (Continued on Page Five) NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JUNE 30, 1927 STANDARD OIL THANKS NAVY FOR SERVICES IN CHINA; LAUDS BOMBARDMENT OF NANKING Whose property and whose lives American marines and war ships are protecting in China is vividly brought out in the fol lowing letter sent by the Standard Oil of New York to the Navy Department. The letter, signed by the assistant general man ager. is addressed to Admiral Williams, commander of the Amer ican fleet in Asiatic waters. Dear Admiral Williams: I We wish to convey to you our sincere thanks and apprecia tion of the great assistance rendered to us by the units under your command. Conditions in China have been most chaotic; in many cases it has been impossible to anticipate the future. During these periods of emergency your staff has, without exception, ren dered our various branches invaluable assistance both during periods of evacuation and in protective measures. The assistance rendered us by you has in innumerable in stances, not only protected the lives of our staff, but saved us from greater financial loss. The action taken by your forces during the Nanking in cident, the evacuation of Changsha, Ichang and Chinking, the protective measures at all treaty ports, the convoy of our vessels thru disturbed districts and the courtesy of your wireless to points cut off from normal communication have placed the Com pany and our staff under deep obligation to you. We would greatly appreciate your extending our thanks and appreciation to the several units under your command for the full co-operation and the privi* extended to us, with un failing courtesy, providing this request meets with your sanction. Very respectfully yours, STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF NEW YORK Assistant General Manager. SACCO - ViNZETTII STRIKE PLANS GO ON; JULY 7TH AT 4 Workers Organizations Line Up for Action Local labor organizations through their representatives involving a membership of over 500,000 have en dorsed the plans for a Sacco-Vanzetti protest strike which has been sche duled for July 7th at 4 p. m. At that time all workers will down tools and proceed to Union Square where a mass protest demonstration will be staged. Vivid banners em blazoned with revolutionary slogans will feature this mass gathering. Among the organizations which are behind the strike move are the fol lowing: Amalgamated Metal Workers of America, United Textile Workers, Joint Board Furriers’ Union, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Join ers, Typographical Union, Local 7, Brotherhood of Painters and Paper hangers of America and 16 other labor groups. In addition, various fraternal and political associations have pledged their support to make the protest strike 100 per cent effective. They are the Anti-Fascist Alliance of North America, International Labor De fense, all branches and units of the Workers Party, Workmen’s Circle and among many others the Young Work-; ers League. , The American Federation of Labor has on repeated occasions rapped the conviction of Sacco and Vanzetti in sharp and condemnatory terms. At a recent convention the death-sentence was branded as “a ghastly miscar riage of justice.” Hundreds of thousands of leaflets are being distributed by the Sacco- 1 Vanzetti Emergency Committee. A j volunteer distributing corps is in ac tion throughout the entire city. Spe cial attention is being given to the in dustrial centers. One of the leaflets reads in part: “The whole working class must sink its differences and present a united front against the enemies of the labor movement who would railroad our two brothers to the electric chair.” The call to strike end 3 with the slogans: “DOWN TOOLS AT 4 P. M. ON THURSDAY. JULY 7th—RALLY TO THE DEFENSE OF SACCO AND VANZETTI—SACCO AND VAN ZETCI SHALL NOT DIE.” The Sacco - Vanzetti Emergency Committee, which is the central strike organization, feels confident that the New York strike will he as dramatic and effective ns the various Sacco- Vanzetti strikes which have been held throughout the world, notably in Ar gentina, Uruguay and Brazil. 39 FUR PICKETS GIVEN JAIL TERMS BY BIASED JUDGE 205 More In “Silent Defense” as Protest Thirty-nine striking furriers were sentenced to jail yesterday morning by Magistrate George Ewald in Jef ferson Market Court. Three of the men workers were given 10 days each because they were arrested before. Ten men were sen tenced to five (days each with no choice of a fine, while 11 women were given the alternative of 3 days in jail or $lO fine. They all chose jail. An other woman worker was given ten days after she had been pointed out by Samuel Markewich, right wing at torney. The other 205 who were arrested Monday wlil come up for trial this morning but after seeing how the magistrate acted yesterday they have decided not to put up any defense, declaring that it is a waste of time. When Jacob Mandelbaum, lawyer for the strikers, entered objection yes terday to any act of the magistrate, he was immediately, ruled out of or der in a rough manner. “If you continue to object, I will (Continued on Page Five) RYKOFF NAILS BRITISH LIES ABOUT EXECUTION OF 20 WHITE SUARBISTS Answers British Labor Party Leaders; Says Assassins Received Trial, Guilt Proved MOSCOW, June 29.—Replying to a telegram from George Lansbury, James Maxton and Fenner Brockway, leaders of the British Labor Party, “deploring” the execution of white guard assassins by the Soviet Gov ernment, M. Rykoff, Chairman of the Council of Peoples’ Commissaries, points out that a series of anti-Soviet lies and calumnies about the execu tion are flooding the capitalist pr,ess with a view to gaining additional sup port for an offensive against the So viet Union. Assassins Received Trials. Rykoff, in his reply, points qjit that the executed assassins received a trial before an extraordinary tribunal ! despite the reports in the capitalist i press. The telegram from the British La i borites which invoked Rykoff’s mes- i sage says: “We appeal to you that executions without trial be stopped, they shock DUNNE, ENGOAHL, BITTELMAN AND MILLER FACING FEDERAL PRISON Government Joins Patrioteers and Militarists to Crush National Labor Daily Indicted for Attacking Business Men and A. F. of L. Labor Fakers The United States grand jury in the New York district yes terday returned indictments against and ordered the arrest of ,T. Louis Engdahl and William F. Dunne, editors of The DAILY WORKER, and Bert Miller, business manager. Included in the indictments are Alexander Bittelman, editor of the New Magazine of The DAILY WORKER, and David Gordon and Joseph Kalar, contributors to the columns of this paper. This new drive against The DAILY WORKER was inspired by the same reactionary militarist clique that initiated the at tack of the courts of the state of New York which resulted in convictions of the editor, business manager and one of the con tributors, and which are now on appeal to the higher courts. It is generally recognized as part and parcel of the general vicious capitalist offensive that is being waged against the labor move- COAL COMPANY’S WATER SIEGE MAY START A PLAGUE Negro Tells of Abuses By Coal Iron Police CASTLE SHANNON, Pa.. June 29.—A steady stream of complaints and the real danger that a serious epidemic of typhoid fever and other diseases will result from the use of polluted water has forced the state department of health to make a ges ture at an investigation of the Pitts burgh Terminal Coal Company's at tempt to drive its miners back to work by shutting off their drinking water supply. Governor Fisher states: “I have re ceived complaints about the turning off of the water, and we are making an investigation. It is alleged the water supply is under control of the coal company. It appears water has been shut off from some of the min ers’ houses and the occupants have been forced to secure water from open springs. “The state health department is in vestigating these sources to determine if the water is free from a menace to health. The direct interest of the state applies in case the supply is found to be contaminated.” State health authorities of Pitts burgh are reporting daily by tele phone to Dr. Theodore Appel, secre tary of the state department, Harris burg, on their investigation. L. E. Wickersham, district health engineer, declared today he had re quested Horace F. Baker, president of the Terminal corporation, on Sat urday, to turn on water hydrants which had been disconnected and that Baker had refused. (Continued on Page Two) British public opinion, particularly friendly Labor opinion. We oppose j the British Anti-Soviet policy, but executions making our activities im mensely difficult. We nsk you to stop your reprisals.” Rykoff’s reply follows: Guilt Proved. “Your telegram is apparently due to the publication of the sentence in-; flicted by the United State Political Department on twenty whifceguards for organizing espionage against the Soviet Union and terror against So viet leaders. “Although this sentence was inflic ted on active whiteguard counter-1 revolutionaries whose guilt had been proved by documentary evidence, it is broadly made use of abroad for rousing public opinion against the ! Soviet Union. “In connection with this sentence innumerable lies and calumnies are (Continued on Page Three) PINAL CITY EDITION Price 3 Cents ment in the United States. Blow after blow has been delivered against The DAILY WORKER as the lone English labor daily in the coun try, but in spite of all efforts to sup press the paper it has been able to withstand the fight. The federal in dictments are the most menacing at tack yet made against us inasmuch as conviction carries long prison sen tences in the federal penitentiary. Sentence may be as much as five years in prison or $5,000 fine or both. The same aggregation of spies and labor-haters that inspired the attack in the state courts were in evidence when the government made its at tack. Prominent among the narrow of those who made the complaint was that of Captain G. A. Darte, who calls himself “adjutant general” of the Military Order of the World War. “Pamphlets and cartoons attacking American business men, the American Federation of Labor, religious organ izations and German trade unions” was the description of the “indecent writings” objected to by the federal authorities. In view of the fact that the present charges are brought on a federal and not a state law, the mailing privileges of The DAILY WORKER are now in immediate danger of suspension. Chief Asistant Federal Attorney George S. Leisure, who presented the evidence to the grand jury said: “The government has a right under the law to stop any letters, pamphlets or publications from circulating thru the mails that contain ‘indecent’ writ ten matter.” However, Post Office Inspector Keene called attention to the fact that the defendants have persisted in directing a campaign against the publicity in favor of citizens’ military training camps espoused by the post office, which explains what the fed eral authorities consider indecent. The federal attorney said that "In vestigation has revealed” the fact that J. Louis Engdahl, one of the editors of The DAILY WORKER i« now in Soviet Russia. This is espe cially ridiculous in view of the fact that Engdahl’s special articles and dispatches dated from Moscow have been appearing in The DAILY WORKER for the past two months. The DAILY WORKER and those indicted have not yet been officially notified of the action of the grand jury, and also of the specific articles and cartoons which are alleged to have violated the federal law. Call Special Membership Meeting of Workers Party For Wednesday at 8 P. M. The District Executive Commit tee is calling a special Party mem bership meeting for Wednesday, July 6, 6:00 P. M., at Manhattan Lyceum, 66 East Fourt street, to discuss the present international situation, particularly: 1. The attack against the So viet Union and preparation for a campaign for defense of the So viet Union. 2. The present situation in China and the prospects for the Chinese revolution. I}. Immediate danger of war and what our Party can do to counteract It. Bring your membership cards with you. All members of the Young Workers League are asked to attend this meeting.