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LABOR MUST ACT! SACCO AND VANZETTI SHALL NOT DIE!
FIRST SECTION This issue consists of two sections, J be sure to get them both. Vol. IV. No. 145. Current Events By T. J. O’Flaherty. a TWO royal palaces that housed the 1 pretender to the throne of France, and ex-king Manuel of Portugal have; seen their best days. Both were lo cated in London. One of the royal estates now plays the role of gravel pit and the other harbors superan nuated cable and telegraph officials. \ The pretender died and the Portu- j fuese parasite is living in the sunny I south of France. The day of kings : by divine right is past; the day of 1 Icings by right of money is here, but! not for long, we hope. * * * OAVAGE sentences are being im posed on the striking furriers, ar- ! rested on the picket line. Because! the pickets refused to accept the dis trict attorney’s conception of what constitutes legal picketing they are being given heavy jail sentences, with additional terms of imprisonment in flicted on them, for contempt of court, on account of showing dis pleasure at' the severity of the sen tences. So militant workers are sent to the workhouse for exercising their legal rights. But what is a little law or two between friends? • * • IF Harry Sinclair, oil millionaire, * has been incarcerated for contempt of court over the Teapot Doin'' liti gation, we are in ignorance ox the fact. Sinclair entered into a con spiracy with A. B. Fall and other government officials to rob the na tion of some of its oil lands. To date all the gentlemen involved are at 'liberty, and enjoying more than their pro rata share of the national wealth. What is sauce for the capitalist gan- i -der is something else again for the proletarian goose. * • » ACCORDING to a Washington dis ** patch, Joe Bearak, a Boston lawyer and member of the Socialist Party, has been congratulated by Secretary of Labor Davis for his work in help ing to smash the needle trades unions by ousting the progressives and Com munists. Davis, in recognition of * Bearak’c worth as a strikebreaker, gave the shyster a copy of the history of his life. Davis rose or sunk from puddler to politician and is the mil lionaire owner of the Loyal Order of Moose. Davis’s contract with the or der puts one dollar in his treasury for every sucker that joins the Moose. A compliment from that kind of a fellow should be appreciated by Joe.; # * * EVEN if Morris Sigrnan, president “ of the I. L. G. U. should succeed in completely destroying the union he will not be compelled to waste a lot of shoe leather looking for a job. He has a farm and amusement park in lowa and his training as an anti- Communist barker should serve him in good stead when he stands outside the entrance to his main tent and urges the potential customers to j walk right in and see the curiosities. * * * WHILE one socialist is being com-' " plimented for his union-smashing activities and another right winger is dividing his mental energies be tween the union of which he is a president and his amusement park, j one hundred big industrial leaders are meeting in San Francisco to fight trade unionism. They are going to give every worker a “chance to be happy” by freeing them from the protection of their unions. This is the kind of freedom that will extract more beans from the workers’ pot. j While the reactionary labor bureau crats and the socialists are using up their energies fighting the Commun ists the bosses are going ahead with their union-smashing plans. * * * i TENERAL FENG YU-HSIANG, the ** so-called “Christian General” has ■ turned his back on the Chinese rev- : olution and joined up with Chiang Kai-shek and the foreign imperial ists. This renegade will now turn his sword against the masses whose sacrifices have made possible the success so far registered by the rev olution. The lure of imperialist gold was too strong for the double-crosser Feng, whose record as a betrayer is as black as the blackest of Chinese militarists. * » * CENG’B treachery following on the * heels of that of Chiang Kai-shek, is the most severe blow yet suffered by the revolution and means of a def inite setback to the cause of liberation. The Chinese bourgeoisie have done what their prototypes have done in all other countries under similar cir cumstances. ’ They have sold out to foreign tyrants rather than see the exploited masses in their own country take power. But no matter how long the struggle will last the workers and peasants of China will persist until they have settled accounts with the imperialists and with the Fengs, Chiang Kai-sheks and others. THE DAILY WORKER. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: In New York, by mail, SB.OO per year. OiH. ide New York, by mall, $6.00 per year. BUKHARIN BRANDS FENG TRAITOR TO CHINESE REVOLT Says Left Wing Mustj Purge Kuomintang | MOSCOW, July I.—With the treachery of General Feng Yu-hsiang | and the consolidation of native big j business interests the task of libera ting China lies entirely in the hands of the workers, peasants and petty bourgeoisie, according to an article in the Pravda by N. Bukharin. N. Bukharin’s article follows: “The bloc of Feng Yu-hsiang and Chiang Kai-shek means a further step in the separation of the class forces of China. Chang Tso-lin’s camp is the camp of feudal reaction; this camp is actually in the descend ent. The second camp, the camp of the liberal bourgeois counterrevolu tion, at a given stage in the develop ment of events in China, is the victori ous force holding quite a peculiar place in the struggle of classes. The class basis of the generals coups is to be sought in the passing of the liberal bourgeoisie to the counter-revolution and in the agrar ian revolution of the Chinese pea sants. The bloc of Chiang Kai-shek and Feng Yu-hsiang and other gen erals plus (eventually) the left wing of the “Fengtienese” such is the bourgeois bloc from a military aspect. At present this bloc is the strongest of the struggling camps. The i strength of this liberal counter-revo | lutionary camp consists in the num i erical predominance of its armed | forces and its political position as | compared with the political position !of the feudal camp. The bourgeois I camp already tends to amalgamate with the feudal reaction and im perialism; however it is in a certain measure still independent—on the surface. Liberals are masquerading as the ‘ : true liberators of China, as distinctj i from Communists whom they call! agents of the “Russian State.” One of the strong points of the liberal coun ter-revolution is that it has its agents in third camp, namely, vVuiian. Feng’s Betrayal. Wuhan’s weak point is that it has | I not sufficient armed forces. With) j Feng’s betrayal, Wuhan lost the best part of its military forces, while the I remaining part under rang Snen-cm ;is likewise unreliable. The reliable military units are insufficient num erically. Furthermore, both in the Central Committee of the Kuomintang and ! the government are Cniang lvai -1 shek’s spies and wavering petty bourgeois politicians, a weak ununi fied political leadership in Wuhan, in distinction to growing mass move ment, is a most vulnerable point. If the Communist Interiiational’s S directing line were practically ful ; filled the situation would not be so i dangerous for Wuhan. The strength of Wuhan in a power -1 ful movement of workers and pea sants. This revolution will throw away the wavering prattlers and the en j emy’s spies and wavering terrified | “leaders”. So far the camp of the bourgeois i counter-revolution has been fighting i against feudalism and to some ex j tent, against the imperialists. At the same time it acts against the ; workers and peasants of its own na j tion, thereby becoming the henchman i of the counter-revolution. Must Mobilize Workers. I The substance of the actual class battles is the struggle for hegemony in the bourgeois democratic revolu | tion between the working class and liberal bourgeoisie or otherwise, which i amounts the same, the struggle be tween the liberal and plebian de | velopments of the Chinese revolution, j The more dangerous actual situation, I the more energetic must be the sup port of the third camp, the more en | ergetic the mobilization of the I workers, the peasants and the petty \ bourgeois masses. ; The policy of the Communist In ternational: mobilize the masses; loosen the agrarian revolution; loosen the labor movement, struggle ; against the traitors. Wuhan must repel all compromising tendencies on the part of the semi-agents of Chiang Kai-shek and Feng Yu-hsiang; it ,! must steer in the direction of clear ing the Kuomintang of these waver ' ing elements. It is necessary that it really consolidate the Jacobin “pleb ian” cadres which can fight to the ' end against all obstacles and defeats. Feng Yu-hsiang has passed into the 1 camp of the enemies of the peoples' revolution and against him must be ' declared a relentless war. The tac ' tics of compromising with Feng and company could be based only on an 1 absolutely liquidatory attitude to l wards the agrarian revolution and to- I wars the struggle for the plebian ' way of China’s development. , Even though Wuhan should fall (Continued on Page Two) Entered a3 second-class matter at the Post Office at New York. N. Y., u.ider the act of March 3, 18f*. FFERSON MARKET COURT | Striking furriers leaving Jefferson Market Court just after Magistrate Ewald imposed sentences of jail and fine on women pickets. The judge was hissed, and the police attacked the crowd in court. Mass Arrests and Mass Jail Sentences tor Picketing a Challenge to Labor Movement The jail sentences handed out enmasse to striking fur workers following the mass arrests for picketing and which include men and women indiscriminately put squarely to the labor movement of New York City, the labor movement of the United States as a whole and to all elements outside the labor movement proper, but who believe in, sympathise with and support the aims and struggles of the working class certain questions which cannot be evaded. The issues are clear: In the face of brutal exercise of the police power of the city in an arbitrary manner, against workers who are break ing no law, and on a scale unknown heretofore, with the open purpose of destroying the right to picket in a struggle between bosses and workers, will the officers of the DJjvw York Central Labor Council continue to avoid making a public protest to the authorities coupled with a demand that this onslaught on the fundamental rights of unions ceas< \ In the face of a state supreme court decision legaliaAig picketing—a decision secured at the cost of much time, effort and sacrifice on the part of the labor move ment—will the officials of the labor movement of this state permit hundreds of workers—hundreds, we repeat, and the court records show it—to be jailed for any term a judge sees fit to fix for upholding the right of the unions to picket? With bands of mercenaries assaulting striking workers and pickets, gangsters whom even the capitalist press is forced to admit are in the pay of the reactionary forces who are trying to break the morale of the strikers and destroy their union, with the fur district occupied by police,and thugs, a state of siege in force so far as the strikers are concerned—will the organized workers of New York and the rest of the United States remain silent? We do not think so. Neither do we believe that passivity, in effect acquiescence in the stoolpigeon tactics of trade union reaction which has produced such things as union officials acting as informers and prosecutors against striking workers, will prevent protest from the circle of labor sym pathisers whose assistance to the labor movement has been of tremendous value in times of crisis especially. We wish to warn the labor movement, in no spirit of hostility to those who do not agree with us on issues and methods, but in the most sober and emphatic manner that what it is witnessing in the furriers’ strike in New York today is a forerunner of the methods which will be employed on a nationwide scale if the bosses and city, state and na tional authorities meet no organized and determined re sistance from thfc labor movement to mass arrest and mass jail sentences. We say this with the knowledge that in America and every other country any concerted attack, and particularly (Continued on Page Two) What the Federal Indictment Means Under the Federal Grand Jury indictment against The DAILY WORKER and members of the staff, the four defendants, J. Louis Engdahl, William F. Dunne, Alexander Bittelman and Bert Miller, and also David Gordon and Joseph Kalar, are subject to the following pen alties under the federal statutes: On the first count Five Years’ Imprisonment, or $5,000 Fine or Both. On the second count Five Years’ Imprisonment, or $5,000 Fine or Both. On the third count Two Years’ Imprisonment, or SIO,OOO Fine or Both. Thousands of dollars of bail will be required. In addition to this the mailing privileges of The DAILY WORKER may he revoked at any time that the federal authorities see fit. The cost of the proceedings in the Federal Courts will run into thousands of dollars. Comrades, we understand the intent and the purpose of the attack against The DAILY WORKER and its staff. We realize that American capitalism is facing such a serious sit uation that it seeks to rid itself of its most dangerous opponent, The DAILY WORKER. The whole weight of the United States government is being brought down upon us. We must bring the whole weight of the labor movement down upon the reactionary forces which are seeking to throttle our paper. For the next few months we face the battle of our lives. The chief need at this hour is money sos the big fight which is ahead. We expect every com rade to do his share to meet the new attack against us. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1927 Published Dally except Sunday by THE DAILY WORKER PUBLISHING CO., 3$ First Street, New York, N. Y. RIGHT WING PLOT TO JAIL FURRIER PICKETS EXPOSED Unity Committee Tells of “Forward” Gloating Calling upon the needle workers to protest against the wholesale jailing l of the furriers, the Unity Committee of the Fur, Cloak and Dressmakers’ Joint Boards, yesterday distributed ' thousands of leaflets in the market pointing out the treachery of the right : wing. It reads as follows: “Three hundred fifty workers, men and women, have been sentenced to ‘ jail terms ranging from 5 days to 6 i months. What was their crime? “Even the police who testified against them admitted that their crime consisted of nothing more vio lent than that of peacefully picketing j in the fur market. “The real reason why these work ers were sent to jail is because IT WAS REQUESTED BY SIGMAN ! AND MCGRADY. The judge was nothing but a puppet in their hands. ; Sigrnan, McGrady and the Forward have determined to break the furriers’ strike at any cost. The time has ap ; parently arrived when they who were at one time so-called labor leaders are now the leaders of the police and the j courts. “Day after day gangsters are I caught in the murderous attempts on the lives of our workers. These gang sters have long criminal records as safe-crackers, robbers and murderers. I These men of the underworld are (Continued on Page Three) [World Tourists Sail For Russia July 14; Last Call for Visas The time is short before the sailing date for the six weeks’ trip to Lenin grad and Moscow, organized by the World Tourists, of 41 Union Square, Room 803. They are off on July 14th! Many Americans have been curious and anxious to visit Russia for a long time, but the difficulty of getting a visa in the absence of a Soviet Con sulate in the U. S. A. has forced them to postpone the trip. Now is your opportunity. An ar rangement between the U. S. S. R. Society for Cultural Relations and the World Tourists has made it possible to guarantee a visa for everyone who joins this tour. British Right Wingers Try to Smash Alliance Os Anglo-USSR Workers LONDON, July I.—That the right wing leaders of British Trade Union Congress are taking steps to break the Anglo-Russian Committee is indicated in a re- 1 port of the labor correspondent of the Westminster Gazette. Several days ago the All Union Central Committee of Trade Unions representing more than ten million organized workers of the Soviet Union, accused the British right wing leaders of betraying their labor movement and of at- j tempting to break the Anglo-Rus sian Committee. If the reports in the Westminster Gazette are correct the guess of the All Union Central Committee is correct. engineerslre ! FOUR OFFICIALS j ON BANK CHARGES Prenter Rushed Out by Abolition of Office CLEVELAND, July l.—The Broth erhood of Locomotive Engineers to day had returned to the oi-iginal meth od of officering the organization, fol- j lowing abolishment of offices of presi dent, vice president and secretary, which were created in 1924. Alvanley Johnston, once a caller on the Great Northern Railroad, auto matically was placed in'command of the B. of L. E. affairs The deposed officers are W. B. Prenter, president; L. G. Griffing, first vice president and treasurer; H. P. Daugherty, second vice president and C. E. Lindquist, secretary. Trustees Named. Three trustees were named tern- J porarily by Johnson to take over the management of the brotherhood’s fi nancial and business enterprises with the exception of the pension and in surance departments and report semi annually to the organization’s advis- j ory board. Prenter Holds On. Prenter has already signified his intention to fight expulsion from the ' office which gave him control over all the brotherhood’s extensive but unremunerative (to the union) busi ness ventures into scab coal mining j and class collaboration banking, real estate, etc. The investigation committee ap pointed by the convention to look into shady deals connected with the mil lions of dollars invested recommended the removal of all the higher officers of the union. Upton Sinclair Returns Home; Promises Censors Os Boston More Battle (By Federated Press) Before returning to his home in Pasadena, Calif., Upton Sinclair told the Federated Press than he would give the Boston censors another fight this Fall when the book clerk who sold the banned novel Oil is put on trial on a charge of violating the obscenity law. Sinclair sold an unexpurgated Oil in the Puritan City, but the police re fused to arrest him. Hi? next move was to parade through the streets as a sandwich man, selling a special Fig leaf Edition of the book, with the 9 censored pages humorously blocked out with black figleaves. A. & C. Coni, publisher's of Oil, say its sales gained a thousand per cent I since the Boston censors got busy, j Like all the labor novelist’s other; books Oil is a big seller in Germany, j Britain and other European coun-: tries. U. S. Marines March On Nicaraguan Liberals As Revolt Breaks Out WASHINGTON, July I.—American marines, under Brigadier General Fe land, have been dispatched against General Sandino, liberal officer, who is occupying the state of Nueva Se govia. Despite reports previously received here, a large section of the liberals is openly revolting against the dicta torship of Diaz, who is supported by American marines. General Sandino is reported to have levied a tax against an American owned mine, which the owner, Charles Butters refused to pay. General San dino is said to have seized the mine upon Butter’s refusal. FINAL CITY EDITION Price 3 Cents SACCO, VANZETTI SECRETLY TAKEN TO DEATH HOUSE Brutal Action Despite 30-Day Reprieve BOSTON, July I.—Nicola Sacco ! and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, after seven I years of torture following their con [ viction on framed-up charges of mar i der were early this morning secretly and unexpectedly transferred from the Norfolk county jail in Dedham to the Charlestown state prison. Despite the 30-days respite an nounced by Gov. Alvan Fuller Wed nesday the two workers were whisked away in an automobile heavily guarded by armed officers. Blow to Defense. A belated "explanation” was made j in which it was said that "the trans | fer was made to conform to the | statutes” which require that those ; facing execution must be placed in the death house 10 days before the date set by the presiding judge. For several days prior to the re spite the Boston Sacco-Vanzetti De fense Committee repeatedly urged governor not to permit the removal of the two men to the Charlestown prison. The latest action comes as a heavy blow to the Committee inas much as they assumed that the re spite would automatically block the threatened transfer to the death house. * # * Labor Protest Grows. Labor has one month more to make its protests against the impending execution of Nicola Sacco and Bar tolemeo Vanzetti. Thirty days more must be ticked off by the big peni tentiary clock before the two Italian radicals go to the electric chair. An executive order by Gov. Fuller de lays the throwing of the switch till j August 10th. International protests come daily. On the date of the respite came a j cablet to Full - r from far-off Nev, Zealand miners, and another from the Syndicate for the Defense of the Tenants of Nice, France. ; On the day of the respite Fuller i interviewed Frank J. Bui-ke, a glass bottle blower, and a witness at the Dedham trial. Burke, who happened ;to be standing in the roadway at (Continued on Page Three) Demand Release of 53 Chinese Sailors A thorough investigation of the cars of the 85 Chinese workers who forced their way off the “Rotterdam” after they were refused shore leave has just been started by the Ameri can Civil Liberties Union. Fifty-four of the sailors, jailed im mediately after the outbreak, are still being held in Hoboken despite efforts of Ziangling Chang, Chinese Consul in New York, to secure their release. No charge has as yet been placed against them. Got $3 a Week. They were hired as stokers in Rot terdam about 10 days ago for a wage of? 3 a week with a promise of shore leave. When they arrived in Ho boken, however, the officers ignored their pleas to be let off. Commenting on this Ziang-ling Chang said: “If American sailors were in the same situation in China Ameri can marines would have long since taken action.” The arrested sailors charge that the food on the “Rotterdam” was atroci ous, a diet of rice and beans being served them during the entire trip. China and Soviet Union To Be Taken Up at W. P. Membership Meet., Wed The District Executive Commit tee is calling a special Party mem bership meeting for Wednesday, July 6, 8:00 P. M., at Manhattan Lyceum, 66 East Fourt street, to discuss the present international situation, particularly:, 1. The attack against the So viet Union and preparation for a campaign for defense of the So viet Union. 2. The present situation in China and the prospects for the Chinese revolution. 3. Immediate danger of W'ar and w’hat our Party can do to counteract it. Bring your membership cards with you. All members of the Young Workers League arc asked to attend this meeting.