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The daily worker. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1924-1958, September 11, 1929, Final City Edition, Image 1

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For a Workers-Farmers Government
To Organize the Unorganized
Against Imperialist War
For the 40-Hour Week
Vol. VI., No. 160
Stop the Murder Conspiracy
I 'T'HE murderous attack upon a group of organizers of the National
f A Textile Workers Union at Gastonia on Sqnday was followed by
the kidnapping and torture of union organizers by a posse of business
men and thugs and gunmen of the mill owners as soon as the mistrial
was declared on Monday. The ruling class has decreed the death of
the strike leaders and union organizers who are leading the resistance
of the workers to the stretch out, wage cuts, lengthening of hours, child
slavery and all the effects of capitalist rationalization.
The gunmen and the infamous “committee of one hundred” failed
because of the heroic defense of the strikers in the Gastonia tent colony,
to achieve their murderous aim on the night of June 7. They then re
sorted to an attempt at legal murder of those who dared defend their
lives. Neither the attack on the tent colony nor the attempt at legal
murder could stop the determined drive against the slave system in
vogue in the textile mills.
The sudden interruption of the t rial and the dismissal of the jury
showed that the special machinery of the capitalist state for the legal
murder of the strike leaders was not working to the satisfaction of
the ruling class. In view of declarations of several jurors that they be
lieved the defendants all innocent it is quite evident that the fit of in
sanity on the part of one juror was not unwelcome to the prosecution.
This “slowness” of their own machinery fdr a legal murder in
furiated still further the mill owners and their henchmen. The posse
of business men set out on Monday night w'ifh the plain intent of seiz
ing and torturing and murdering some of the more prominent of the
strike leaders and those directing the defease of the Gastonia prisoners.
Every strike leader and union organizer in the field is in imminent
danger of death at the hands of the fiendish “committee of one hun
Despite the pretenses of the “New Leader” and the fulsome praises
of the “fair trial” which the rail! owners’ courts are supposed to give
(lie mill workers, the trial itself is, as stated in Saturdays Daily Work-
Icr. a battle of class against class. The reality of the naked class issue,
the cold ferocity of the capitalists towards those who would organize
the workers in militant trade unions is shown by these fascist tortures
and attempted murders. The forced recess in proceedings means no re
res:: in (he murder drive of the ruling class. The attempted lynching
of Monday night showed that the same fight continues under other
The blood-thirsty posse of Gastonia is challenging the whole
working class. The w r orking class must answer their insolence with
more determined resistance than ever. The w'orkers of Gastonia and
the South must be aided by the workers of the United States and of
the world so that they can continue to defend themselves against the
< apif alist jackal pack. The workers must display a determined solidar
ity in this fight to defeat the murder conspirators. Only the mass ac
t on of the working class can save the Gastonia victims now in jail
awaiting the next stage of the attempt to legally burn them to death
in the electric chair. Only a determined defense will avert the mill
own*-!-*-carrying out their dastardly plans either in court or on the
public highways.
The War on the Soviet Union.
The attack of the Chinese armies and the Czarist White Guard
troons against the Soviet Union on its far Eastern border, forcing the
I Red Army to nursuc and disperse the attackers, is the climax of the in
creasing war danger of the past two months.
The war of imperialism against the workers’ and peasants' govern
ment of the U. S. S. R. is immediately threatening.
During these two months the Chinese hirelings of world imperial
ism, so far from responding to the determinedly peaceful policy of the
Soviet government, have utilized the time to mobilize their troops, to
enroll their divisions of Czarist White Guards and to make their prep
arations for a launching of war.
During these two months the hirelings of imperialism have flouted
every effort of the Soviet Government at peaceful negotiations. Every
proposal of the Soviet Government, including its latest concession with
regard to the chief of the railroad, has been taken to he a sign of
w cakrcss.
Heralded by eighteen separate unprovoked attacks of Czarist and
Chlr.ere treeps upon the Red Army, this last week end saw a climax in
the provocative rets.
It is clear that the Chinese bourgeoisie •vould not have launched
the e attacks unlcrn they were carrying out the policy of the imperial
ist powers. '.Vital is this policy?
It was clerrly revealed in the Stimson diplomatic nolo of July 22,
which proposed that the great imperialist powers should establish an
"international control" over the Chinese Eastern Railway, with the ob
vious intention of creating there a military base from which the Soviet
Union could be attacked, as it were, in the rear, once the mobilization
of the forces of capitalist Europe against the U. S. S. R. (one of the
aims of Aristide Briand’s “United States pf Europe”) was nearer com
The renewed attack of world imperialism on the Soviet Union is
the signal for the workers of the world to rally to the defense of the
Soviet Union.
In this movement the proletariat and all the toilers of the United
States must be called upon to fight for the victorj for the Soviet Union,
tor victory to the Red Army, for the defeat of American imperialism,
for the transformation of the imperialist war into Civil War.
Under these general slogans of mass mobilization, the Communist
Party of the Unite I States must carrry out its practical tasks as set
forth in the August First theses of the Central Executive Committee.
While the organs of the so-called “left” opportunists, (“Contre Le
Courant,” etc.,) take up a counter-revolutionary position in support
of Chiang Kai-shek, while the Lovcstones commit treason to the work
ing class by their attack on the Party’s call to strike on International
Red Day, the response of the workers assembled in the Trade Union
Unity Convention at Cleveland to the slogan of “Defend the Soviet
Union” demonstrates that in carrying out its tasks against the danger
of war that is now facing us, the Communist Party can lead the broad
masses of the proletariat in their struggle against the danger of im
perialist. war.
International Red Day, by the wide response of masses of workers
(o the Communist Party’s call, by the demonstrations held in many
cities and places for the first time, was a -first attempt at a test
mobilization of the proletariat and a successful attempt. A greater
test mobilization approaches. Every Party member, every worker,
e«ery toiler should be prepared.
At this moment of approaching war on the Soviet Union, every
Party member should read the thesis of the C. E. C. of the C.P.S.U.
on the War Danger and the Tasks of the Communist Party, published
in the Daily Worker Aug. 1 and 2, 1929.
War Danger.
Comrades should also read the resolutions on war of the Eighth
Pl?num (May, 1927) and of (he Sixlh World Congress as well as Com
rade Lenin’s instructions to the delegates to (he Hague conference
, .0*22).
Published dally except Sunday by The Comprodaily Publishing
Company. lac., 26-28 Union Square. Nerv York City. N. Y.
Bailu ill | JBartar
Chinese Militarists’
Attack Part of Big
Imperialist Drive
Invaders Are Defeated
Reported to be Taking
Retaliatory Action
BERLIN, Germany, Sept. 10. —
The press reports a note from the
People Commissariat of Foreign
Affairs of the Soviet Union to the
(ierman government, relating details
of 18 separate invasions or bom
bardments of U.S S.R. territory, at
tempts to destroy navigation on the
Amur and Ussuri Rivers by setting
piines, and firing on shipping, and
declares that the Sovie govern- j
ment has had to take “firm retalia- j
l( tory action” to preser its borders, j
The note states:
“The Soviet Government, as previ-1
ously, considers that the only way
of avoiding additional serious con
sequences is by immediate measures
to terminate these new assaults on
: Soviet territory.”
Murders Continue.
The note also gave instances of
the terr rism against Soviet work
! ers, particularly those formerly em
ployed on the Cb nese E; ..ern Rail
way, including the arrest and mal
treatment of over 2,000 of them,
continuous executions as “spies”
and executions without trial or any
excuse o ' '-'red- at all, starvation of
children whose parents have been
arrested, and other similar acts by
the Chinese war lords.
The German foreign office is re
ported to hav- answered in a tem
| porizing manner, 'ng doubt on
i the worst atrocity stories, and de
claring that C i German consulates
! are doing all that they can to care
for the Soviet workers.
* * *
A "Rear Front.”
The attacks on the Soviet frontier,
which have increased greatly in
number and seriousness during the
! last few days, accompany and form
a part of the series of encirclement
1 measures going on against the So
i viet Union in the League of Nations
Assembly and by ne .ns of notes
from the U. S. State Department.
Th y indicate that a military
! front is bei --- built up r~ainst be
|U. S. S. R. in the East, while all
prepar. are going on among
the impcriall't - versos Europe
' and America for attack in the West.
These preparations includ" the
(Continued on 'Page Vivo)
Prepare for Congres
sional Elections
WASHINGTON, Sept. 10.—The
| senate naval affairs committee to
day voted for an investigation of
the activities of William B. Shearer,
i “naval expert” and high-powered
Shearer, who has posed for years
as an expert on naval affairs and
who was supposed to be a dis
interested patriot has been revealed
as in the pay of the Bethlehem
Shipbuilding Company, the New
port News Shipbuilding and Dry
dock Company and the American
Continued on Page Three)
After agreeing to the demands of
the neckwear manufacturers that
wages of members of the United
Neckwear Makers’ Union be re
duced, the union officials, headed
by Louis Fuchs, manager, has called
a membership meeting for Thursday
at which they will attempt to con
vince the workers they should en
j dorse the betrayal.
The union officials have agreed
,that the workers’ wages be cut frem
(Continued on Pag « Thrt «J|
Entered as* sierond-t'lna** matter nl tlie Post Office ni New York, N. Yunder the net ot March H, 1579.
Negro Worker
Shot Dead by
Tammany Cop
Within the last four days a series
of deadly assaults by Tammany po
lice have been made upon Negro
Vincent Holbert, 59 West 133rd
St., taking a taxi Saturday night
from an uptown garage to another
garage for his employer had a min
or accident with another car. He
was seized by Patrolman William
Bourbon and clubbed unmercifully.
Holbert broke away and fled into
the cellar of a house. The police
man followed and shot him in the
back. Holbert died the next day.
While he lay in Bellevue, relatives
were refused permission to visit
Patrolman Walter Lowe was rid
ing with a friend in the Fulton St.
elevated in Brooklyn, when Ralph
Baker, Negro student, 124 Willow
dale Ave., Montclair, N. J., and
William Fontaine sat next to him.
Lowe objected to sitting with Ne
groes, followed the two onto the
platform at Rockaway Ave. and
tried to arrest them. Lowe was in
plain clothes, and gave no evidence
of being an officer. The boys re
fused to go with him, and as they
were walking away, Lowe fired four
shots. One bullet struck Baker in
the back, he is in St. John’s hospi
tal, Brooklyn, in a serious condition.
Fontaine was arrested.
W. A. Domingo, writing in the
Amsterdam News, denounces the ac
tion of the police in breaking up a
meeting at which Richard B. Moore,
Negro worker, and Communist
\ nominee for Congress, was speaking
lat Seventh Ave. and 137th St.
Wednesday night. Domingo points
out that everything was orderly at
the meeting until the police attacked
> ______
Discrimination on Day
Line Flayed by Moore
“Only the organized power of the
Negro workers in alliance with the
class-conscious white workers can
abolish racial discrimination in
America,” declared Richard B.
Moore, Communist congressional
candidate in the 21st district at the
mass meeting held at St. Mark’s!
Church in Harlem, Thursday night j
to protest a? 'nst discrimination of
Negro students by the Hudson River
Day Line Company.
Some weeks ago a group of Negro
high school and college students,
members of the Students Literary
Club of Harlem, went on an ex
cursion on one of the Hudson River
boats to Indian Point. When they
arrived, the company officials re-
Continued on Page Three)
Demands of Garage
Union to Be Acted
Upon by Employers
The Garage Associates, Inc., own
ers of garages whose workers are
scheduled to go on strike Sunday,
against the 14-hour day, will take
up the workers’ demands at an out
ieg they will hold tomorrow when
they will go to Bear Mountain, the
Daily Worker learned yesterday.
The 2,500 garage workers of Man
hattan and Bronx will strike under
the direction of the Garage Wash
ers and Polishers’ Union, Local 272,
for an increase in wages and a re
duction of the working hours.
Fight Fascists Attempt to
Keep Communists Off Ballott
Intensified Signature Campaign to Meet Zion
ist Socialist Attacks
The Communist Party is facing,
in the present election campaign,
greater difficulties than ever before.
The attack of the Jewish fascists
and the increasing police terror in
Harlem and elsewhere is an indica
tion that the Party may be con
fronted with an earnest attempt to
keep the Communist ticket off the
ballot, is the warning of the Election
Campaign Committee of the Com
munist Party in a statement issued
>ast ui(f
T.U.U.L. Metal Bureau
Secretary Addresses
Mass Meeting
Men Fight Fake Bonus
Also Attack Intense
CATARET, N. J„ Sept. 10.—
Secretary Overgaarde of the Metal
Industries Bureau the T. U. U.
L. last night addressed a meeting
of the 2500 me- who deserted the
mills of the United States Smelt
ing and Refining Company here,
striking for a ten cent raise, time
1 and a half for Sunday and holiday
work, weekly pay, ar ’ the recogni
tion of a shop committee elected by
the workers.
Only a handful of men are left
1 inside foremen, superintendents
and a couple of old workers who
. ! have been with the company so
. long that they , wouldn’t have a
i chance getting a job elsewhere—ar.d
the strikers I en’t even tried to
get them to come out.
Company Made Big Profits.
U. S. Smelting and Refining is a
• | subsidiary of American Metals Ltd.,
‘ j the big German trust. The Ameri
. j can brand of the concern netted
; ; profits of over two and a half .mill
| ion dollars last year.
The dispute began in the rigging
Y department at 11 a. m. Saturday,
| culminating in the discharge of five
' of the riggers. Immediately the
whole department walked out —150
: men. When the mechanical depart
| ment went to lunch at noon they
I joined the strike immediately they
j heard of it.
Councils of war were held Sun
day, with the result that the whole
j mill is now shut down.
A half dozen guards, town police
and state c sacks patrol the en
trance to the plant and gruffly re
(Continued on Page Tu-o)
Expelled for Flaying
Grafter Lehman
On orders from Edward Flore its
internaticnal president, Waiters
Union, Local 16, yesterday expelled
from the union three of its dele
gates to the New York Joint Exec
utive Board ’ ccause they had issued
a statement condemning William
Lehman, secretary of Local 1, who
was removed from his office re
cently by the membership of the
local on charges of graft. Those
expelled were Dave Kanner, Louis
Taffcr and J. M. McDonald.
After his expulsion, Lehman ap-
I pealed to Flore and the machine
; packed national convention of the
union, which ordered his reinstate
■ ment. At the time when his re-
I instatement wr.s being ordered the
three delegates of Local 16 issued
a statement endorsing the expul-
I I sion.
Abstained from Voting.
A short time previous, at a meet
| ing of the Joint Executive Board
| when the question of voting on the
’ j expulsion was on the order of busi-
Continucd on Page Three)
Our enemies, the statement says,
will no doubt take advantage of
every legal technicality. We must
meet this danger by mobilizing the
whole Party membership and sym
pathizers for a more intensive drive
to secure the necessary signatures
on the nomination petitions.
Successful Mobilization.
The reports from all sections, the
statement declares, showed that the
signature drive started out with a
(Continued on Page M
SUBSCRIPTION RATESi In New York, by mull, *B.OO per year.
Outside New York, by mnfl. *O.OO per year.
Attack W. I. R. Tent Colony; Kidnap Three Union Leaders from House;
Try to Lynch Defense Lawyers, Hugo Oehler and Bill Dunne
300 Mill Owners’ Thugs in 105 Autos Continue Murder Campaign
While Trial Halts Temporarily; Wells, Facing Death, Defiant
While (he Charlotte News is inciting the bourgeoisie to organize another fascist gang attack,
workers are pouring into the offices of the National Textile Workers’ Union arid the International
Labor Defense, ready to protect their union and leaders from destruction at the hands of the blood
thirsty mill hirelings.
Many newspaper reporters were “tipped off” about the raid in advance, conclusively proving
that it was deliberately planned. The first edition of the Charlotte Observer printed before the raid
was over, told the story as though it were a “spontaneous uprising.” The reporters were familiar
with full details of the vicious attack before it took place.
* * *
CHARLOTTE, N. Sept. 10.—Fascism, black and bloody, swept over North Caro
lina’s greatest industrial center last night.
Led and organized by Major Buhvinkle, special counsel of the Manville-Jenckes Co., and
solicitor Carpenter, both members of the prosecution in the trial of the 16 Gastonia strikers,
an armed posse of about .‘>oo Manville-Jenckes superintendents, foremen, etc., last night de
molished the headquarters of the National Textile Workers’ Union both in Gastonia and
Bessemer City, raided the Charlotte headquarters of the International Labor Defense, and
kidnapped 24-year-old Ben Wells, C. D. Saylors and C. M. Lell, organizers of the N. T. W. U.
In addition to Bulwinkle and Solicitor Carpenter, the others recognized in the armed
posse were Charlie Ferguson, a Gastonia policeman who accompanied Aderholt on the raid
June 7; Morehead, superintendent of the Loray mill; Dewey Carver, assistant foreman of the
Loray mill; Carl Holloway, bossman Find notorious stool pigeon;,Morris Ling, overseer of the
Lumber Union Joins
New Center
The first session of the National
Executive Board of Trade Union
Unity Lear" tomorrow, will regis
ter considc able .’ess although
it convener only a week and two
days after the Cleveland Conven
tion adjournc '
Application to become part cf the
L ;ues new industrial National
Lumber Workers Union from the
Inter -ia] W< orkers Union
has been made through George Pit
kin, its :e :y. At the Cleveland
Convention, lumbermen from the
northwest and mid e west laid the
first plans for the industrial union,
and established three districts as
' for the union’s expansion.
Three Districts.
District One will include Michi
gan, Minnesota* and Wisconsin; Dis
trict Two, Washington, Oregon and
Idaho; District Three, the state of
California. The International Wood
workers Union will become the foun
dation for District Two. Its head
quarters are in Aberden, Wash. Pit
kin was elected provisional secretary
of the lumber division of the Trade
Union Unity League at the special
conference held in conjunction with
the convention. J. C. Miller is the
provisional secretary.
Draft programs presented by the
Washington delegation and the
Michigan group were thoroughly
discussed and a joint program
agreed upon tentatively and has
been presented to the Bureau of the
League and will be taken up at to
morrow’s session. A national com-
Imittee 06 five lumbermen, including
j a secretariat of three made up of
j Pitkin, R. Sandstrom and Jack Low
! rie whose headquarters will be in
Seattle, was elected by the confer
[ ence.
New Bulletin.
A monthly bulletin, the “Lumber
Worker,” will be inaugurated imme
diately. The job of organizing lo
cals preparatory to establishing dis
trict machinery in the other sec
tions of the country, is already un
der way. District conferences will
be called in the near future, Pitkin
The question of expanding Labor
Unity circulation and building it up
as an organizing factor of the new
trade union center was deliberated
at length. Decisions arrived at pro
mise real gains in this direction.
The tentative constitution of the
new industrial lumber union follows
the line laid down by the convention,
! j, (Continued on Page Tw^J.
Myers mill of Gastonia, and Tom Gilbert, another state star
witness who accompanied Aderholt and took part in the at-
S’tack of June 7.
Led Mill Thuj?s
These two men led the Manville- ■
J caches thugs and officials who
kidnapped and attempted to lynch
three textile workers and organizers.
Above, Carpenter, a leader of the J
Mill bosses’ and State of North
Carolina’s array of attorneys which
is trying to railroad 16 strikers and\
organizers to electrocution.
Below, Major Bullwinkle, mill
bosses’ la wycr.
Big Conference Oct. 12,
13, Says Oehler
CHARLOTTE, N. C„ Sept. 10.— '
“The innocence and rights to free- I
dom of the 2d defendants is so clear
to the working masses,” Hugo j
Oehler, Southern organizer for the j
National Textile Workers Union, ;
said today, “that the bosses’ thugs
want to wreak vengeance.”
C. A. Martin, one of the jurors in
the Gastonia case, declared today
that thj jury was virtually unani
mous for acquittal, stressing the 1
complete lack of convincing evi
dence in the prosecution's presen
tation. The mistrial decision will
give the prosecution another month
to cook up a new line and bring in
now perjurers to take the places of
those completely discredited.
“If the case had gone to the jury ■
at the closing session last week,’’ j
LContinued on Page Three)
Provided With Autos.
Travelling in 105 automo
biles, the posse invaded the
city of Charlotte and began a
feverish hunt for all active members
of the N. T. W. U., including Vera
Bush, Amy Schechter and Sophie
Melvin, defendants out on bail, and
Caroline Drew of the Workers In
ternational Relief.
A section of the posse in 26 auto
mobiles stormed Walton Hotel in
their search for Hugo Oehler, south
ern organizer for the textile union
! and Bill Dunne, shouting, “Lynch
them!” Roused to fury because
they were unable to find the two
men, they tore up the hotel register
before leaving.
Hardly had the order of mistrial
in the Gastonia case been made
I when the Manville-Jenckes murder
crew, fully organized and prepared
I m advance, swooped down upon the
I Gastonia headquarters of the Na
tional Textile Workers’ Union and
the Workers I. ational Relief,
kidnapped V 6 rs and Lell,
and then pro. to Bessemer
City where they demolished the
headquarters of the union there.
W%lls, the most severely beaten, is
today under a doctor’s care, suffer
ing from wounds and lacerations on
the head and body.
Wells, Saylor and Lell returned
to Charlotte this morning about six
Thugs Sing Hymn.
The organizers were seized in
: the home of Mrs. Helen Lodge in
Gastonia by the posse singing
; “Praise God from whom all bless
ings flow” as they rushed in. The
Lodge home at 512 Gastonia Ave.,
is the headquarters of the southern
(Continued on Page Til)o)
Must Push Sept. 21-22
News of the unparallelled terror
of lynch law in Gastonia and Char
lotte following directly on the tem
porary close of the trial due to one
juror's insanity, has swept like an
electric shock throughout 1, .nerica
and across the ocean to Europe and
It warns the workers of America
that the wave of mass protest must
grow—that the mass collection days
j September 21 and 22 must be the
I Most successful in the history of
| the American labor movement, for
j today, mere than ever, the need for
j> (Continued on Page Throe)
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