Newspaper Page Text
Speaking at a Chamber of Commerce meeting.
Chief Cossack Whalen Referred to the Police as "Ypur Hired men, Such as the Present Speaker.” Workers, Answer the Ex ploiters and Their Hirelings by the Mass Political Strike on May Ist. Vol. VI., No. 338 Down Tools on May Day! The titles of two recent editorials in the “Journal of Commerce,” one of the leading organs of Wall Street, are interesting illustrations of the policy being shaped by the capitalists of the United States. On March 28, an editorial was headed—“ The Menace of Russian Steel.” Another on April 4, is entitled—“ The Current Threat of Unemployment Insurance.” In these two titles (naturally also in the editorials themselves) is mirrored the policy of the capitalists of the United States: War against the Soviet Union and war against the American working class. It is a single and unified policy of class war against the proletariat. Wall Street considers that “Russian steel” is a menace because the Soviet Union is building socialism, tremendously increasing iron and steel production at the same time it wipes out unemployment, steadily raises wages, installs the seven-hour five-day week for the workers, meanwhile in the U. S. A. unemployment increases even when produc tion goes up (though it remains at a low level), wages are being cut everywhere and the 12-hour day and the seven-day week is suffered by the workers. The editorial outlined in cautious words how American capitalism was menaced by this socialist construction of the Soviet Union, laying the basis for war against the Soviet Union that is being prepared post-haste by Stimson in London, backed up by the “moral” preparation through the Anti-Soviet church drive, the A. F. of L. and “socialist” propaganda, with the Lovestonc and Cannon renegades from Communism stridently claiming a part in the war preparation against the Soviet Union. In the editorial concerning the “Thread of Unemployment Insur ance,” the organ of Wall Street speaks of “the responsive fear in the breasts of many persons” at the very mention of unemployment in surance, a fear that is becoming greater as the American workers, both employed and unemployed, rally to the banner of the revolutionary unions of the Trade Union Unity League and the Communist Party in the struggle to force concessions from the capitalist class, concessions of unemployment insurance, the seven-hour day an<’ the five-day week, higher wages and no speed-ups. Not even a ripple of concern troubled the waters of American cap italism, not even the bother of conducting a fake “investigation” in the Senate was taken, before the workers, led by the T.U.U.L. and the Communist Party, had come onto the streets in battle during the March (i campaign. This very fact shows that what the “Journal of Commerce” calls “sustained, relentless political pressure,” the revolu tionary mass action of the workers, is able to wrest concessions from the resisting boss class. The editorials mentioned clear]*' show what the workers have to face. The policy of war against the Soviet Union and the policy of war against American workers is one single class war policy of the American capitalist class against the workers. It is worth noting that the “Journal of Commerce” applauds “pro posals which the American Federation of Labor is prepared to support in lieu of agitating for unemployment insurance.” This should show workers deluded by the hokum of much of the capitalist press, that William Green of the A. F. of L. in the Senate “investigation” did not advance proposals for unemployment insurance, but only for futile fake measures that the bosses not only do not fear but will actually aid them in fighting the workers—such as “worker-management coopera tion” for example. That is why the “Journal of Commerce” speaks of Green’s proposals as worth being “welcomed by far-seeing employ ers” to forestall “much more radical experiments.” Again we see that the way to gain even the most minimum of re sults for the workers is to fight against the fascist tricksters of the A. F. of L. and all who try to soften the struggle down to petty de mands and to limit the action of the masses to humiliating petitions robbed of all class spirit. Again we see that only by rousing the whole working class, employed and unemployed, women and youth, Negro and white, organized and unorganized, can the demands for un employment insurance, for immediate relief, for the 7-hour, 5-day week, more verges and no speed-ups, be forced down the throats of the re sisting bosses and their government watch-dogs. Only by revolutionary mass action can the workers wrest from the greedy clutches of the capitalists that which will never be given without fierce struggle. For this reason, the workers will prepare the mass political strike on May Day, demanding not only unemployment insurance, but countering the war preparations against the Soviet Union with mass protest, demanding the freedom of all workers ar rested in the March G campaign, and serving warning in still sterner fashion than on March 6, that the American proletariat will refuse to starve, that it rejects the whole capitalist system of robbery, black jacks, misery and war, ..nd is preparing to make an end of it. Down tools on May Day! I] m, GREEN SLAPS PARKER ON WRIST Green’s Henchman Did Support Parker WASHINGTON. April 6.—Wil liam Green, and the fakers in the American Federation of Labor, who support the Hoover regime against the workers, who let reactionary Hughes be p\<. on the bench of the U. S. Snnreme Court as chief jus tice by Morgan and Hoover, now raise a small cloud of dust over the threatened anpointment of another reactionary, Parker, to the Supreme Court. Parkei lad already received the support of the Georgia Federation of Labor, and only when Green gave the signal that some sort of attack would have to be made, did the president of the iieorgia.A F. of L. write a half-hearted letter mildly berrating his ciose friend Parker. HOW ABOUT THE DEAD AND CRIPPLED? WASHINGTON, D. C.—The cost of the last world war for the United States has been computed at $31,- 400,000,000 (fifty-one billions). # a Today in History of the Workers April 7, 1772—Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist born at Besancon. 1871—Paris Commu nards burnt the guillotine, sym bol of monarchist and bourgeois rule. 1920—Coal miners of Kan sas struck against state industrial commission law forbidding s rikes. 1920—Anti-Socialist bills intro duced in New York legislature. 1923 lndictments against 76 Herrin, 111., coal miners dropped after second trial acquitted five of strike deaths. 1925—Paul Crouch and Walter Trumbull, United States soldiers at Hawaii, sen tenced to prison for Communist activity. Published daily except Sunday by The (Jouiprodaily I’uhlisliiou Company* Inc., 2H--H Union Square, New York City, N. Y. 4 POLICE BREAK TEXTILE MEET Many Workers Join the Union j NEW BEDFORD. Mass., April 6. j —Police broke up the second meet- I ing of the National Textile Workers j Union, after Fillmore and Sameiro had spoken for over one hour at i Taunton. Many workers joined the union. Leaflets were distributed to the Fall River strikers by the National j Textile Workers Union. .They were j received with enthusiasm by the strikers. After seeing the National ] Textile Workers Union leaflet ex posing the misleaders in the Asso l eiated Federation of Textile Opera tives, the strikers booed McNamara I of the A. F. T. O. STEVEDORES STRIKE BUENOS AIRES.—The extension of the coal stevedores' strike to in- I elude all stevedores has tied up port shipping here. SCHOOL TEACHERS JOBLESS. NEW YORK.—There are about 3,431 unemployed school teachers here. WAR AND THE SEA Rapid Arming of Merchant Ships By HARRY CANNES ' “Every merchant ship that goes into drydock these days comes out with a gun deck.” This is how a sailor summed up the rapid war preparations on the sea. In war time, the merchant fleet becomes a definite part of the navy. More and more the merchant ships are being linked up with the war preparations of the imperialists. Merchant ships fcre officially recognized as a naval reserve. The $250,000,009 being spent by , Baily 32T JUark* r INDIAN RAIL ! STRIKERS IN HOT STRUGGLE Bunk About Gandhi to Hide Real Fight on British Rule i ‘Brickbats for Batons’ Sharper Clashes Ahead in Railway Strike Dispatches from India are so cluttered up with bunk about Ma hatma Gandhi and his fake “fight” that the real struggle of the work ers and peasants against British imperialism tends to be obscure! in the capitalist press iccitals of non sensical details of Gandhi's “march to the sea.” The strike of the workers on the Great Indian Peninsular Railway, al ready going on for more than two i months, is the outstanding current j struggle of the masses. This em braces over 100,000 workers, and is being fought in opposition not only to the tyrannical decree called the j “Trade Union Disputes Act” and | the government which is persecut ! ing the workers under it, but also against the scabbery of the fascist leaders, headed by Joshi, of the j union of railway office employes. ■Joshi's “union” is called the “G. I. P. Staff Union,” while the strikers’ | real union is the “G. I. P. Railway ; men’s Union.” Rank and file mem i hers of the “Staff Union” nre re belling against the scab orders of C Continued on Page Three) sossesTaTl TWO GIRL REBELS Gannet 5 to 10 Years; Yoki 1 to 10 Years POWHATON. Ohio, April 6.- : Denying the motion for a new trial, the boss-controlled judge sentenced Betty Gannet and Zorki Yoki to pris on under the criminal syndicalist law. Gannet was sentenced to sen e fr.m five to ten years and pay a fine of $2,500 and Yoki to serve from one to ten years, at the Marysville Reformatory. Yoki has been released on bond jof $2,000 pending appeal. Gannett will be released on bond of $5,000 Monday. These two workers were jailed tin-' der the vicious criminal syndicalist law by the Ohio bosses because ot their activity in the Martins Ferry unemployment demonstration. JOBLESS FUR WORKERS MARCH j All Workers Called to Market Tomorrow To fight against speed-up and un employment, against the reactionary bureaucrats of the right-wing union, for unemployment insurance, the six hour day, five-day week in the fur trade, the Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union is calling for a demonstration of employed and un employed fur workers this Tuesday, I at noon, in the fur market, on 6th Ave. and 28th St., and calls upon all I needle trades workers to participate in this demonstration and report fjr it at the union office, 131 W. 28th j St. The Trade Union Unity League has endorsed the demonstration and appeals to all workers to help Jhe furriers in their fight for better conditions and to come to their dem onstration tomorrow. the government, under the White- Jones bill, is in reality a part of the war expenditures of the bosses under the guise of subsidies for merchant ships. The 1922 Washington naval con ference, in considering war naval armaments provided that the impel-- j ialist bandits could see to it that! the decks on merchant --liius were so constructed that they could mount guns of 6-inch calibic. At the London race-forai ms , (Continued on Page Three) | Kutrri-ii no si.'«’uiii!-<-I:ik» 111:1 Her ai llie I‘iist order a< New tiirh. .V V.. umlcr (lie net i f Mnrrb 3. IST& NEW YORK, MONDAY, APRIL 7, 1930 London Meet i Flops Again; j BriandLeaves ' j LONDON, April 6.—The siender 1 threads which held the five-power ' conference together have again * snapped. Premier Briand, delegate | for French imperialism, left for France Saturday, with no inten tions of returning to discuss arma jments or “security pact.” This 1 leaves the talk of the imperialist 1 bandits at London high and dry. [The French leave-taking is just one j feature of the antagonisms which | were sharp before the conference I met and have been sharpened since jits meeting. ' | The smoke-screen pacifist struc ture that Hoover, McDonald and . Stimson have been building up to cover the .rapid war preparations of the imperialist robbers has col -1 lapsed like a house of cards. Be hind it the masses can now view the rapid war moves of the imperialist powers. j “Only a miracle can save the con ference now,” declares one London correspondent for a capitalist sheet. , However, the imperialist powers do not believe in miracles for war pur poses but construct more cruisers, battleships and airplane carriers. The American delegation is booked to return on April 22nd. Their wives have already left. Talk about “disarmament” left long ago. LYNCH NEGRO j WORKER IN GA. Bosses and State Put . on Mystery Air 1 LOTUST GROVE, Ga.. April 6.- What is clearly another lynching of another Negro worker here was re vealed when J. H. Wilkins, Pullman porter of the Southern Railway was found with his neck tied to a small ]tree, and his knees touching the ground. Welkins’ skull was frac tured in two places. Bruises and cuts on his body showed that he had been tortured and then lynched, j Railway officials and Georgia gov ernment authorities are trying to hide the whole affair under the guise of mystery in order to cover up the jlrutal lynching of a Negro worker. HOLD DISTRICT MINE CONVENTION Will Take Up National Convention Matter ! ZEIGLER, 111., April 6.—With ! seventy-five delegates already pres ent. representing twenty-five locals, the District Convention of the Na tional Miners’ Union opened here \ yesterday. This is one of a series j of twelve district conventions in all mining fields in preparation for the national convention of the National Miners’ Union, for which at least j 1,000 rank and file representative ! delegates will be mobilized. ' Freeman Thompson opened the district convention. Winigar was elected chairman, Broux, vice-chair man and Groves, secretary. Gerry Allard was elected on the credentials committee and Galli on the resolu i lions committee. A report on the new leadership and mobilization for the National Convention and the May Day strug gle will be made by Stuart. The agenda also contains reports on the ! Trade Union Unity League; report ■on unemployment in the mining ! field by Thompson, as well as re , port on the national situation. Gerry Allard will report on the district I and the youth. Survivors of a Wreck - fjff. Not f’Ff Worn nre Inclcn when the bosses speed up sinks theiv hips fv c’ iftahrsj litem thru fjhuMlt/ e,c. s. Tin. sulfa..- iu..d a, y • • ilhout uolhev- ii,ul i, iihor.i : oOs — Ijoh:luy for ouUilth ciu ,ar i t Oc | vumC bit ipv. iif A ( if (»i t il(( .oiicn iitj\ o j Hu iiuuuic bosses. iU.S. DICK KILLS AN ANTI-FASCIST i WORKER AT MEET 1 .s Into Crowd of 2,000 at Peaceful Meeting’ Dicks Aid Mussolini Bellutzi and Another Worker Shot An Anti-Fascist worker was I j killed by a federal immigration de , I tective when a group of government ■ j gunmen, working in the interest of ! Mussolini, broke into an Anti-Fas ! cist meeting of 2,000 workers at , I Cooper Union yesterday. A debate . I was on over the question “What will I replace fascism in Italy after its i overthrow?” Another worker, Bellutzi, is ex pected to die as a l-esult of the p shooting. The dead worker has not yet been identified. The murderer is Thomas A. Lil lienthal of the Mercer St. Station, one of Whalen’s cossacks, who take especial delight in shooting at work ! ers. Lillienthal fired point blank j into the crowd of workers. ! At five o’clock fifteen detectives rushed to the platform in an at tempt to arrest Borghi, one of the | speakers, representing the anar ! chists. The other speaker, Vacir:a, j represented the socialist party. Borghi jumped into the crowd and I; one of the detectives rushed after I him, drew his gun and fired into ; the crowd of workers. The bullet I passed through the side of Bellutzi and hit another worker in the head Both were rushed to the St. Marks | hospital. Men and women were trai\- . j pled by the panic caused as a result '.of the shooting by this Whalen thug. The meeting had proceeded in a '; quiet, orderly fashion and has just j been concluded when the detectives ‘ jumped for Borghi. Borghi’s where ' ‘ abouts are unknown. . j ! Meet of Local 43 Milliners Is Called ’ j A meeting of all chairladies of j j Local 43, of the Milliners, on the j ways and means organization cam ! paign will take place Monday at : 3:30 p. m., at the office of the 131 W. 28th St. There will be a general meeting |of milliners on Tuesday night at Bryant Hall, 42nd and 6th Ave. There will be a report on various activities. Sham Battle in Chic rimaries —. CHICAGO, A .-—Tuesday the 1 j primary election for senatorship will take place here with Ruth Hanna McCormick, of the International ‘ Harvester bosses and the rabidly re actionary * Chicago Tribune, and I Charles S. Deneen. representing the (same group of bosses in Chicago— both favoring the Hoover imperial ists—ir. a sham battle. Member Meeting 1 of Party and League A general membership meeting of Party and YCL members will Ibe held at Central Opera House, 1 1 67th St. and 3rd Ave., on Wednesday, April 9 at 8 p. m. Every member of the Party and YCL is instructe ! to be pres- I ent. There will be no admittance j except to members with mem-, bership books. Very important questions will be discussed, and no member should fail to appear. District Buro, New York Dis trict, Communist Party of U. S. A., Young Communist League. •«. SL'BSCIMPTION KATIES: In Mew Vork by mnll. SS.no per year. UutHide \ew York, bjr mail fH.OO iicr year. Philadelphia Workers to Push Factory Gate Sales of Daily Worker in Drive Street Units Adopt Factories in Revolutionary Competition Goal Is Mass Circulation With 30,000 New Readers by June Ist PHILADELPHIA, Pa.. April 6.—“ The Philadelphia District of the Communist Party learned to realize during the Recruiting Drive and the unemployment campaign the importance of the Daily Worker as an agi tator and organizer for the revolutionary movement” said E. Gardos district organizer, speaking on the mass circulation drive of the Daily FASCIST VETS TO ALTER MAY 1 PLAN Ask Patriots for Help; Have 200 Thugs ! Unable to arouse much support within their own ranks among the i workers, many of whom are unem ployed, tramping the streets facing starvation, the fascist officers of the Veterans of Foreign Wars have an nounced that they will call on other patriotic organizations to get up ; some kind of demonstration for i Union Square on May 1, in order not j to give the Communists a meeting. ; Publicity Agent Charles S. Pem ! burn, after an alleged meeting of ; various organizations on Friday de | dared that half-hearted measures were taken to go ahead with the parade. In fact, said Pemburn “there has been an element of doubt in our plans.” I All plans of the blustering eVt erans of Foreign Wars to show their I strength on May 1 have dwindled to i the point where the entire program I for the demonstration has been \ changed. The parade and meeting, if they can get enough supporters for it, , will be under the auspices of a non i existent organization named on the i spur of the moment the “American Pay-triotic May Day Rally.” Congressman Hamilton Fish, Jr., i author of a bill against militant workers, is scheduled to speak at (Continued on Page Two) MEXICAN MASSES PROTEST TERROR Angered at Jailings of Leading Workers Reports from Mexico, written in the capitalist press’ best hysterical ‘“red scare” style, tell of the j “thwarting,” on Sunday, of “red rev i olution” by raids on Communist I headquarters at Vera Cruz. Orizaba, | Cordoba and Jalapa, with great mil | itary activity and the arrest of “known radical The 32 i hunger-striking workers imprisoned I before March 20 were released on March 19 only to be rearrested that | day in unemployment demonstra tions at Mexico City. These workers, among them Vale tin S. Campa, leader of the revolu* i tionary trade unions, immediately resumed their hunger strike and the present “plot” is undoubtedly the mass protest ot the workers called for by the Communist Party to de mand the release of the imprisoned .vorkers. Even the capitalist press admits that despite the heavy troop mobilizaton, a sizeable demonstra tion occurred in Mexico City, “signs of disorder’' in Vera Cruz, and “vir ! tual martial law” in all affected centers. Os course the government claims the Communist International I was “behind” the movement. NEEDLE TRADES FRACTION TONIGHT. A meeting of vital importance of all Needle Trades Workers in the Party and League will take place j tonight, 8 p. m. at 26 Union Square. I HIT JAPANESE TOILERS Police, Boss Thugs Unite in Slugging A number of Japanese workers be- 1 longing to the militant Japanese Workers Club in New York were thrown out from a meeting of the “Labor” Department of the Japancs.- Association by policemen and hireil thugs and were beaten unconscious! on the idewalk Saturday evening. The meeting which was held at the Japanese Church, East 57th St. was a deliberate attempt on the par, of the bosses to soften the growing discontent of the Japanese workeis. i he chief spokesman for the bosses) with the objective of 30,000 I new readers by June Ist. “The first steps in the mass cir culation drive for the Daily Work ier have been taken. A quota of 12,500 consisting of 800 new sub j Scribers, and the rest through fac j tory gate sales and delivery sales j was set and plans were worked out . by the District Bureau. Each street I nucleus adopted a factory where the Daily Worker is to be sold before the gates. A revolutionary compe ; tition has been started between the ! nuclei and individual comrades. “The Daily Worker drive will be ;, made a success in the Philadelphia > j District.” PROTEST GREETS FASCIST FLIER Anti-Fascist Workers Clubbed and Arrested The Hungarian fascist, Alexander Magyar, who is on a flying propa ganda tour for the Horthy govern ment, was received with boos and a protest demonstration by a large group of Hungarian workers from the Anti-Fascist Federation of America Saturday afternoon at the | Newark airport. The w'orkers, carrying placards. “Fascism Means War and Murder,” “Fascism Means Unemployment,” “We Don’t Want Horthy,” “Down With Fascism,” etc., were provoked by fascist thugs and the police, who naturally cooperated with the fas cists. A serious fight started w'hen one of the “welcoming committee,” or ganized by the fascists, savagely | crashed a cane across the head of an Anti-Fascist worker. Although jthe policemen on the scene were do | ing their best in helping the fas i cists they did not use their night- I I sticks at the beginning, because, as j the reporter of the Herald Tribune observed, they were afraid of “mis taking a member of the welcome committee for an Anti-Fascist rioter,” The Anti-Fascist demonstrators were dispersed only after additional police forces arrived on the spot. Although the fight was clearly pro voked by the fascists, the police ar rested eleven men and women Anti-1 Fascist workers. Many workers j were wounded in the fight by fas | cist thugs. Recruiting Officer Says Communists Work on U. S. Armed Forces CLEVELAND, Ohio, April 6.- Army recruiting officers here admit, j that Communist propaganda among j the unemployed workers and in the armed forces are creating dissatis faction with the imperialist war ma chinery. “In years gone by,” said Lieuten ant Leonard C. Parker, head of the navy recruiting station here, “a man would try to join the service if hf couldn’t find a job. ‘Red’ organizers have planted seeds of dissatisfaction in the fertile ground provided bv the unemployment situation and have j succeeded in convincing many that j i the United States government is run j by ‘the big bosses’ and that members j of the military service are but ‘tools 1 iof the capitalists.” •at the meeting was the Japanese I vice-consul who talked about “uu- 1 employment insurance and the sav-j i ings.” I Immediately following hiY talk, a 1 number of militant Japanese workers began to distribute leaflets and de | manded the floor. Officials in ‘charge of the meeting suddenly turn ed off the light and the police and thugs began to beat up the workers The cooperation of the American I government with the Japanese bosses ! in oppressing the workers was vew j clearly brought out in this ease. FINAL CITY EDITION Price 3 Cents CALL FOR UNITY OF JOBLESS. AND EMPLOYED MAY 1 Push Plans for July 4 Chicago Convention of Unemployed Expect 10,000 Present Mobilize for Defense of the Soviet Union “On May Day, unemployed and i employed workers of the United I States must demonstrate shoulder ; to shoulder with the workers of all i countries for the defense of the j Soviet Union and against imperial j ist war,’ - said Pat Devine, secre tary of the National Executive Com mittee of 35, elected by the first | preliminary national conference on unemployment. The National Executive Commit tee is making rapid preparations for , the National Convention of unem ! ployed, set for Chicago, July 4th. j Over 10,000 delegates from all parts | of the country will attend, j “May Day, the international | working class day of struggle, must j be the scene of the largest political demonstration and strikes this coun- I try has yet seen,” said Devine. “It | must be a living example of the ; unity of purpose of the unemployed and employed workers of this coun j try. It must be a high point in the j fight for Work or Wages, against j wage-cuts, speed-up and for the ; seven-hour day and five-day week and against unemployment and cap italism.” j* * * BOSTON, Mass., April 6.—-Def , inite plans were made to elect a large delegation of unemployed to attend the July 4th unemployed con vention in Chicago on the return of the delegates from the New York preliminary national conference on unemployment. BAKERS LOCAL 3 FOR MAY 1 STRIKE Union City Bakers Mobilize for TUUL With only three voting against, Bakers Local 3, Amalgamated Food Workers, at a membership meeting attended by many hundreds Satur day afternoon in Brooklyn, voted to send 20 delegates to the shop con vention called by the food workers’ section, Trade Union Unity League, for Sunday, April 20th, at Manhat tan Lyceum, to set up a New York food workers’ industrial union. A motion was also passed that this Monday the executive board work out ways and means for par ticipating in the general strike for May Ist, called by the Communist Party, together with the Trade Union Unity League and other la ! bor organizations based on the pro gram of class stuggle. Saturday’s vote of the Local 3 membership proves overwhelmingly the right wing’s treachery and takes the ground from under Burkhardt s “official” figures that the T.U.U.L. only obtained 333 votes out of 1,500 cast by Local 3 in the recent refer endum. * * * UNION CITY, N. J„ April 6. Delegates are being mobilized in North Bergin and Union City for the shop convention called by the Food Workers’ section of the Trade Union Unity League, April 20. A. F. of L. workers will be represented. At a meeting of Bakers Local 6 of the Amalgamated Food Workers, held on Saturday, there was one of the usual fake elections staged by the bureaucracy of the local for a j general secretary. An election com mittee of two bureaucrats, elected at a meeting of the executive board, where only five members were pres ent, were in charge. This commit tee never reported the results of the election and the ballots have mysteriously disappeared up to to day. 7-HOUR DAY IN U.S.S.R. MOSCOW.—The seven-hour day has been established on the four chief railroads ol the Soviet Union. Today in the | jOaily Worker “Our Answer to the Crusade,” Page 4. Class against Class in the South, Page 4. Economic Crisis in Egypt, Page 4. Significance of Revolutionary Songs, Page 4. New Haven Promises Gas Bombs to Job less. Page 3. TOMORROW. How Frisco Workers took care of Hoan. The U. S. at the London Naval Conference,