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TAKE UP COLLECTIONS FOR "DAILY” AT
UNION MEETINGS Total to Date ■ »19,297.99 Yesterday’s Receipts I 316.17 Press Run Yesterday—49,6oo | Vol. XI, I.LD. CALLS ON S.P. FOR JOINT ACTION Five Ejected at Nazi Consulate in N.Y. INAZIS HIDE THAELMANN TRIALPLANS Fight to Aid All Anti- Fascists Spreads in Many Cities NAZI LIES NAILED I. L. D. Forces Release of Eight Pickets in Pittsburgh Five delegates from the National Committee for the Defense of Po litical Prisoners, presenting a peti tion demanding a fair trial for Ernst Thaelmann, German anti fascist leader, were yesterday forc ibly ejected by New York police from the German Consulate and the building in which it is housed at 17 Battery Pl. The delegation included a Meth odist minister, a young woman pian ist, and a playwright. Rev. George Weiss, the minister, is himself of German extraction and has recent ly returned from a visit to the Reich. When he protested to the forcible ejection of Alfred H. Hirsch. national secretary of the Committee, he himself was seized. His avowed aim. beside calling for a trial for Thaelmann, was to pro test "the treatment of my own friends and relatives in Nazi Ger many." Other members of the delegation were Florence Samuels, pianist; Melvin Levy, whose play, “Gold Eagle Guy.” will open in New York next month; David Kinkead, jour nalist, and Mr. Hirsch. Police of- I fleers guarding the consulate re |j fused, with the exception of Cap tain William Higgins, to give their names. Nazis Evade Questions BERLIN, Oct. 18.—In the face of world-wide protest, Nazi officials have issued all sorts of placating reports that the date of Ernst Thaelmann's trial has not yet been set, that a formal indictment had (Continued on Page 2) ITALY'S PART IN KILLINGS IS REVEALED TURIN. Italy, Oct. 18.—The sen sational arrest on Italian soil of Dr. Ante Pavelic, leader of the Croatian nationalist organization of (lugoslavia, and his aide, Ugene Savternik. charged with directing ;he assassinations in Marseilles, has drawn attention to Fascist Italy’s part in the deed, coupled with its var preparations against Jugoslavia. Pavelic s presence in Italy certain ly was not unknown to Mussolini, nor the reason for his residence un der the protection of the Fascists. Mussolini has been utilizing various nationalist leaders in Jugoslavia in line with his war plans against Jugoslavia. Deed Planned From Three Places Coupled with the arrests by the French police of individuals claimed to have been part of the assassina tion group, directed by Pavelich. head of the Croatian nationalist organization, “Ustasha." the direc tors of the assassination are now shown to have acted from three places: Germany, Hungary, and Italy. Since King Alexander was on his way to Paris, with a view to strengthening the alliance of Jugo slavia and France, which would (have drawn the Little Entente (Jugoslavia. Rumania, Czechoslo vakia) closer to French imperialism. Fascist Germany, Hungary and Italy, either individually or to gether, utilized the services of the Croatian nationalists in their ef forts to block these new moves. Heighten War Antagonisms Every new discovery in the prep aration for the assassination height ens the imperialist antagonisms in Europe, and is utilized for the re shifting of the war alliances, with French imperialism making every effort to make capital of the arrests in France and Italy. The Italian Government, which \ made the arrest of Pavelich and his (Continued on Page 2) « tntered as sectmd-elaas matter at the Poet Office at Mew York, X. T.. under the Act of March I. IS7>. I Section One Responds! DAILY WORKER, 35 E. 12th St., N. Y. City: “Section One answers appeal of Charles Krumbein for emergency contributions Stop Remitting one hundred four dollars Stop Guar antee to reach thousand dollars next Tuesday! New York Daily Worker must live Stop Section One Calls Upon all New York sections to save New York Daily Worker! JOE BRANDT, Organizer. Spy and Blacklist System Os Carnegie Cited as Most Far-Flung In Industry Charles W. Tuttle Heads Carnegie Steel Espionage and Secret Service By Edward Newhouse Article Three The great octopus, the United States Steel Company and its sub sidiaries operate one of the most efficient, far-flung and relentless spy and blacklist systems in in dustry. Mr. Charles W. Tuttle heads the spy system of Carnegie Steel which is U. S. Steel's most important sub sidiary and he is accustomed to watertight secrecy. Upon reading this he may be mildly chagrined and will undoubtedly communicate with a number of offices. He will write to W. A. Furbeshaw who runs the stool-pigeons of Illinois Steel, to Vice Pres. Pentecost Mitchell of the Oliver Iron Mining Co. who fulfills the same function and to Mr. George Ruch of the H. C. Frick Coal and Coke Co. You may be sure that this reaches his elderly claws. His five-room office at the Carnegie Building maintains one of the finest current libraries on labor and radical activities in the coun try. It maintains also another col lection of an equally useful sort. Room 1010 which adjoins Tuttle’s office is marked private and never entered except through 1009 The keys are trusted only to Tuttle and his assistant. The spy reports in 1010 are contained in some 70 all steel cabinets, opened only by keys, about 20 double card files, also of steel, and in a safe holding about 50 single card files listed accord ing to numbers. Should a manu facturer be interested in learning about the career of say Carl Reeve who happens to have been engaged in organizing steel workers. Mr. Tuttle could furnish uncannily ac curate details. A copy of his folder on Reeve is now in the Daily Worker office and Reeve himself will vouch for its precision. Shoud one care to check on the delegates to a certain convention of the Steel and Metal Workers’ Industrial Union, Mr. Tuttle will present you with a numbered group picture of same, that is if he likes your credentials. The picture here reproduced was taken SOCIALIST PARTY REFERENDUM AND UNITED FRONT AN EDITORIAL ANE thing is unmistakably clear from the results of the Socialist Party referendum on the Dec laration of Principles, which reveals a majority of the rank and file membership in favor of its adop tion. This is, that there is a real left-ward move ment among the rank and file of the Socialist Party, a real, class-conscious desire ior militant class strug gle policies against capitalism. The reactionary warnings of a Waldman that they were courting "illegality,” the anti-Soviet denunciations of an Abe Caban, the distortions of an O’Neal could not swerve the Socialist Party members from their honest search for a revised platform which would express their growing desire for away to wage a real fight against American capitalism. The Communist Party feels that in this vital, militant feeling in the ranks of the Socialist Party is the guarantee that our unswerving desire for a working c'ass united front will be achieved. Tn every single Socialist Prrty member who voted for the Deck ration cf Principles, the Com munist Party again extends in a profoundly earnest Daily Worker CENTRAL ORGAN COMMUNIST PARTY U.S.A. (SECTION OF COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL) | at the Youngstown Convention by the time honored device of the philanthropic photographer offer ing to supply copies at a nominal price. Gets Reports Each Day No day passes without Tuttle's office alone receiving at least a dozen of these reports. He per sonally rents six post office boxes. They are rented under assumed names and with the connivance of postal authorities. For instance, in Pittsburgh, P. O. Box 1391 is rented for mail ad dressed to one Walter Henry. This “Mr. Henry” also rents P. O. Box 471 under the name of R. M. Davis, as well as other boxes. Neither Henry nor Davis is listed in the Pittsburgh directory, which is un usual for public spirited citizens interested in receiving all radical literature. Actually, the applica tion on file for Box 1391 in the Pittsburgh post office shows that it was rented by one James W. Jones who gave his occupation as manager of the Art Novelty Co. at 1623 Grant Building. The mys terious Mr. Jones is listed in the Pittsburgh directory but the Art Novelty Co., though having its of fice in the luxurious and obviously expensive Grant Buiding. neverthe less does not seem to be looking for business in art novelties since neither the company nor Mr. Jones are listed in the telephone direc tory. Pressed by the investigator. Mr. Jones refused to show one letter or (Continued on Page 2) 100,000 Motors Made In Gorki Auto Plant (Special to the Daily Worker) MOSCOW. Oct. 18 (By Wireless). —The one hundred thousandth mo tor rolled off the line today at the Gorki automobile plant. The great achievements of the plant may be seen from the fact that the first 50.000 motors were released in the course of two years, the second 50.000 during ten months. and comradely way its open hand for joint action against the immediate menaces that confront the American working class—ths wage-cutting drive of the employers, the speed-up and intensified ex ploitation of ths N. R. A. codes, the fight for trade union democracy, the right to strike and picket, against the menace of fascist reaction, against the government policies which are slashing the real wages of every worker in the country. • * • WHILE we of the Communist Party have the " greatest respect for the militant feelings of the workers who supported the Declaration of Principles, we do not have any illusions about the document itself. It is precisely because we respect profoundly the desire of the Socialist Party member for a mil itant program that we feel it our duty to point out those fatal weaknesses in the document which make it something different than that for which the So cialist Party members are looking. But whatever our opinion on the Declaration, there should be nothing that can stoo us from find ing practical ways of uniting our forces in the im mediate fights that face us all as American capital- NEW YORK, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1934 WRIT SOUGHT TO DIVIDE PORT UNIONS Longshore, Teamster Unions Are Attacked in Injunction Plea SCAB DRIVE BEGUN Trade Board Action Seen As the First of Open Shop Moves The injunction proceedings against the Longshoremens’ and Teamsters’ unions, being pushed by the Board of Trade, the shipping companies and the Brooklyn Mer chants Association, coming up to day before the Supreme Court in Brooklyn, are primarily aimed at the alliance existing between the longshoremen and teamsters, it was revealed from the contents of the writ by the bosses. This blow is meant to be as the first step in the open shop drive be ing prepared by the empoyers, and if successful win mark a starting point for similar steps in every port. The author of the writ be ing presented in behalf of the em ployers is Walter Gordon Merritt, considered the outstanding open shop legal advocate in the coun try. The chief base for the argu ment of the employers are laws against “combinations and con spiracies.” The unity between these two basic unions is regarded as the most serious threat to the "free movement of freight in the port of New York." Although Joseph Ryan. President of the International Longshoremen’s Union. Martin Lacey, president of the Transpor tation Council, and officials of 26 local unions are named in the suit, the injunction is aimed at the thousands of workers members of the unions, as it seeks to restrain the unions from interfering with the movement of cargo through non-union workers. One of the serious crimes listed against the longshoremen is refusal to handle goods hauled by non-union team sters. The move of the employers is arousing the rank and file activi ties in the unions as many work ers are beginning to see that Ryan's no-strike policy spells an open shop in the industry. Philadelphia Meeting To Go Over Drive Top PHILADELPHIA. Oct. 18.—Phil adelphia’s guarantee to raise its quota in the Daily Worker 360.000 drive tonight, will be taken up at the mass meeting and concert ar ranged for that purpose, at the Broadway Arena, Broad and Christ ian Sts. Philadelphia's quota is $3,500. It's present total is $2,528.17. Moissaye Olgin. editor of the Freiheit, will be the main speaker. The program includes the Freiheit Gesangs Ferein, a violin solo by Gabriel Braverman and perform ances by Amelia Ba bad of the Artef and by the Workers Laboratory Theatre of New York. Vote Red Against the Menace of Fascism! I. L. D. Needs $5,000 To Defray Expenses Os Appeal for Boys An urgent appeal for funds to defray expenses of the appeal to the U. S. Supreme Court for Haywood Patterson and Clarence Norris, Scottsboro boys, whose legal murder is set for Dec. 7th, was issued yesterday by the In ternational Labor Defense. I. L. D. attorneys last week filed appeal papers with the U. S. Supreme Court. The sum of $5,000 must be raised imme diately for expenses involved in the appeal. All organizations and individuals are urged to rush contributions to the In ternational Labor Defense, 80 East 11th Street, New York. The I. L. D. is the only organization authorized to defend the boys, according to the sworn state ments of the boys and their mothers in answer to the forces trying to disrupt the defense. C.P. IN IOWA WINS PLACE ON BALLOT ; Negro Is Nominated for First Time in History of the State DES MOINES. Oct. 18.—Defeat ; ing all attempts to keep it off the i ballet, the Communist Party here has placed a full State ticket in the field for the Nov. 6 elections. For the first time in the history of the State, a Negro is running for office, Robert Conroy having been nominated to run for Lieu tenant Governor. The placing of the Communist ticket is giving the capitalist par ties plenty to worry about. There is tremendous disillusionment with the Roosevelt "New Deal” among the farmers who thought that Roosevelt's farm program would ease their crushing burdens of debt. The Communist Party platform demands: direct cash relief for all impoverished farmers and city job less; no taxes on farms and in comes below certain levels, begin ning with $3,000, with heavy taxes on large incomes and rich farm ers, and cancellation of all mort gage debts. 20,000 Armed Jehol Workers Fight Against Japanese Occupation (Special to the Daily Worker) SHANGHAI. Oct. 18 (By Wire less).—lnformation received here regarding the long continued battles going on in Jehol Province between Japano-Manchurian troops and Mongolians show the most desperate resistance against the attempt of the Japanese to occupy Mongolian territory. A the present time pitched battles are going on in the region of Chengteh. According to news dis patches here the Mongolian detach ments are composed mainly of workers in the salt marshes and number 20.000. During one battle Mongolians shot down four Jap anese airplanes. ism unleashes more and more its ruthless attacks against the toiling population. W’e of the Communist Party are aware that the Socialist Party members who toted for the Dec laration are looking for a program cf militant strug gle against capitalism. We also are certain that an overwhelming majority, including many who op posed the Declaration, are in favor of joint action. And even if the Socialist Party members do not agree with us. even if many will never agree with us in our mam policies, this does not mean that there must be any obstacles to joining hands now in the day-to-day struggle lor those things about which there cannot be any disagreement—the fight for the defense of the daily welfare of the working class, in the bread and butter struggles against the capitalist employers. We consider it our duty to prove to the working class that only the policies of Communist Inter national. the Party of Lenin and Stalin ran lead to final victory over capitalism. Bit we do not make agreement with us a prerequisite for joint ac tion. On the contrary, it is because we still have these differences that the need for the united front AFL LUCALS. LABOR BODIES, SCOREGREEN Plan To Oust Members of Communist Party Rejected in Ohio PAINTERS SCRAP IT Kalamazoo Labor Body and Grand Rapids Union Bar Plan Local unions of the American Federation of Labor and labor bodies continue to vote down the letter of William Green which calls for ex pulsion of Communist and militant workers from the trade unions. Three A. F. of L. locals in Cleveland rejected the letter. The Kalamazoo. Mich., Federation of Labor, rejected Green's letter, as did the Grand Rapids. Mich.. Metal Polishers local, and Painters local 37 of Detroit. In Cleveland the locals reject ing the letter are: the River side Lodge of the Amalgamated Association, consisting of the Otis Steel Workers. Painters Local 765 and the local of the Metal polish ers. When the letter was read at the local, militant members took the floor and called for rejection, and that the Executive Council of the A. F. of L. be notified accordingly. In the discussions at these local meetings the growing sentiment in the Cleveland unions for unity of the rank and file against, the treacherous and arbitration poli cies of the A. F. of L. executive council, were openly expressed. Many other locals in Cleveland, while not following such aggressive action, merely filed the letter with out taking action to put into ef fect Green's order for expulsion of all known Communists. Police Slug Unemployed Communist Candidate For Gov. in Michigan (Special to the Daily Worker) DETROIT. Mich., Oct. 18.—Con tinuing their attacks on the Com munist election campaign, police yesterday' afternoon arrested John Anderson, Communist candidate for Governor, at Willis and John St. Anderson is being held for in vestigation and was turned over to Federal Immigration authorities. When Attorney Tucker of the In ternational Labor Defense presented Anderson's citizenship papers to the immigration authorities he was in formed that they were not holding him. Despite this fact, AnderSon has not yet been released. The Com munist Party has sent a sharp pro test to Police Commissioner Hein rich Pickert. Under Pickert’s re gime the police have been making a practice of picking up militant workers and holding them without any charges. The Communist Party and the International Labor De fense are planning to take steps to end these attacks. Every Communist Vote Is the Vote of a Worker Prepared to Fight For His Rights. Vote Red Against the Menace of Fascism! is so urgent, so pressing. Comrades of the Socialist Party, it is in our common daily struggles that we will find the an swers to the questions that confront us. We cannot permit our differences on program to separate us in the day-to-day struggle against the immediate attacks cf the enemy, against the danger of war and fascism. • * • WE HAVE basic criticisms to make of the Declara tion. What does the Declaration of Principles say on the most vital of the political questions which face the working class? On the question of the fight against war, the Declaration merely proposes a general strike—if pos sible! And Norman Thomas, in a statement imme diately after the Detroit Convention, made clear what he m:-ns by “possible.” He means if th? reactionary A. F. of L. trade union leaders will agree (which they never wilb, if the war is not 'an offensive war" (which the bourgeoisie will al- (Contimied mt Page 6) NATIONAL EDITION (Six Pag es) UNITY IN FIGHT TO SAVE THE SCOTTSBORO BOYS TO BE TAKEN UP OCT. 24 Praises the LL.D. L lAK Ruby Bates SCOTTSBORO MASS MARCH TOMORROW The Harlem Section of the Com munist Party on Wednesday after noon swung its full forces behind the preparations for the Scottsboro- Thaelmann protest parade and demonstration tomorrow afternoon, rallying 3,000 workers, mainly Ne groes and Latin Americans, in a mighty preliminary march through the streets of Harlem, ending with an overflow meeting at Park Pal ace. 110th St. and Fifth Ave. Three thousand persons inside the hall, and 2.000 on the outside, heard I. Amter, Communist candidate for Governor of New York; James W. Ford. Communist candidate for Con gress in the 21st District, and other speakers call for a united front struggle to prevent the legal mur der of the Scottsboro boys on Dec. 7, smash the forces seeking to dis rupt the defense fight at this crit ical period, and wrest Ernst Thael mann. leader of the German work ing class, from the Nazi “People's Court.” which is now planning his murder through a farcical “trial." in which he is deprived of all rights of counsel, etc. Leaders to Speak Amter called on all New York workers to pour into the streets of Harlem tomorrow in a determined effort to save Thaelmann and the Scottsboro boys. Saturday’s dem onstration will start at 2 p. m.. at 126th St. and Lenox Ave., with Clar ence Hathaway, editor of the Daily Worker and Communist candidate for Congressman in the Seventh District (Brooklyn) speaking (Continued on Page 2) Price 3 Cents All Groups Are Urged to Send Delegates to Sunday Rally The New York District of the In ternational Labor Defense has is sued an appeal to the Socialist Party for united co-operation to prevent the southern lynchers from burning Haywood Patterson and Clarence Norris on Dec. 7, and to free all the Scottsboro boys. The following letter was sent to the New York City Executive Com mittee of the Socialist Party: "December 7 has been set aside by the Alabama Supreme Court as the date of the execution of Haywood Patterson and Clarence Norris, two of the nine Scotts boro boys who have been framed up on the usual charge of rape. "Now. on the eve of the appeal before the United States Supreme Court, southern Bourbons, to gether with all enemies of the working class, have intensified their vicious campaign against the Scottsboro boys. This case has become of greatest impor tance to the entire working class and particularly for the Negro people. The case has become a symbol of the struggle for Ne gro liberation in the United States, against discrimination, Jim-Crowism. segregation, etc. Particularly now. it is important that all working class organiza tions and friends of the oppressed Negro people join in one mighty effort against the concerted at tempts of the Alabama lynchers (Continued on Page 2) ALLENTOWN SILK STRIKE MAYSPREAD ALLENTOWN. Pa.. Oct. 18. Betrayed by the Gorman leadership in the General Strike. 150 silk workers of the Quaker and Eissman mill here, are entering the seventh week on strike, but with ranks solid. In the meantime wage cuts of from 10 to 20 per cent at the Pyramid. Iron Warp. Cedar Crest and Tuscon mills indicate that the strike may spread. The workers of the Quaker and Eissman mills were locked out be cause they had gone out when the general strike was called. After being locked out a week, the bosses offered them 6 looms per weaver. (Prior to the strike each workers 4 looms.) This the workers flatly re jected. and declared the shops on strike, until the pre-strike condi tions were granted. Wages were from $7 per week to S2O. The six loom offer has now been with drawn. but was replaced with a flat cut of 20 per cent. Both shoos meet together, al though the Eissman shop is mainly organized into the A. F. of L. while the Quaker workers are independ ent. Th” strike is under the lead ership of a joint rank and file com mittee of sixteen. The workers are now convinced that the general s'rike was a grand sell-out by the A. F. of L. leaders and the Winant Board, although the A. F. of L. leaders keep harping that the strike was a. victory, and praise Gorman and Roosevelt, The silk workers of other shops are rallying splendidly to the sup port cf the strikers, with financial contributions, and the outlook for a victory is good. COATSVILLE. Pa.. Oct. 18.—With banners flying, four-hundred Aron cohn silk strikers marched to the relief head.'uariers and demanded to be placed on relief. This is the greatest mass demand upon the relief authorities ever experienced in these parts, and they were forced o make the promise that everyone found in need will be granted relief. The mess march was the reply of the voters. to the attempts of the Aronsohn bosses to starve them back to work. The workers are fol lowing th 1 -, move with mass picket ing at th’ homes of Benjamin Aron sohn and the other members of ths firm.