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MINE AND SMELTER LOCAL REFUSES TO EXPEL COMMUNISTS Militant Members Backed U nanimously “Taking Reds Out of Our Local Is Like Taking Life-Blood from Workers ” Says Miner By a Worker Correspondent EVELETH, Minn.—At a meeting of the International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers, Local 32, a letter from the Range Council was read, asking the local to purge its ranks by expelling all Commu nists. The president of this local took a firm stand against this and in a sincere talk to the members, pointed out that the Communists were the only ones putting up a real fight for the interests of the workers —that if they allow Demo crats and Republicans into the unions, why not Communists? He said that the Communists, “had the guts to fight against starvation.” It was pointed out that this anti-red drive was against the constitution of the range locals, as it states that these unions are formed for the purpose of uniting all workers in any given industry. Members took the floor in be half of the Communists, and one member said, “Taking the Reds out of our union, is like taking the life blood from the workers.” Not one worker voted in favor of the "purg ing” when it was taken to a vote. George Peterson, Communist, pointed out to the members why this red scare was being used—that the top leadership of the A. P. of L. did not want any militant workers in A. F. of L. unions—because they expose the split maneuvers and strike sell-outs of the Greens, Wolls, etc., and carry on a persistent fight against their policies and betrayals of the working class. Peterson, who is also a delegate from this local to the Range Coun cil, is threatened to be "kicked out Less Than S2OO Received From N. Y. on Slow Day NEW YORK has made another advance in its Socialist competition with its 25 brother districts. But as stated in another part of to day’s paper, New York has still done nothing to remove the danger to the 8-page New York Daily Worker. One gets a fair idea of how it is doing by observing that it contributed less than S2OO on today's list, when it needs an average of S6OO a day to secure publication of the 8-page paper after Election Day. The closest competition is between Boston and Newark, though both are below the 50 per cent mark as far as receipts go. Seattle and California still remain the lowest scorers on the board. Received Oct. 18. 1934 $316.17 Previously received 19.297.99 Total to date $19,614.16 DISTRICT 1 (Boaton) Wm. D. Strong. R. I. 84 00 C. P. Unit of Lebanon, N. H. 7:25 C. H. Bush 1 00 Total Oct. 18. 1934 $12.25 Total to date $978.64 DISTRICT 2 (New York City) Sec 1, Unit ID SB.OO 115 2nd Ave. 10.00 Sec 1. Unit ID 1.00 D Lender 1.00 Sec 2. Unit 40S 5.00 D Chernstion 2.0 n Sec 2 D Rubin 1.001 Unit 6S 2.79 Y.C.L.. Unit 412 Unit PP 5.00 Wash Hts 1.00 Unit 148 5.00 Molly Cohen 5.00 Unit 3B 3.15 Rubenger 2.50 Unit 32S 2.00 Marine Wkr 10.00 Unit IB 15.00 G W .75 Unit 128 1.74 Harry Aiken 1.00 Unit 253 1.00 FDR 5.00 Unit 6B 2.75 Al Schenck 1.00 Dav Unit 3.35 Anonymous 1.00 Sec 1. Unit 2D 5.00 Vox Popull 5.00 Cafeteria Billy & Joe .10 Union 40. 40.00 D Trent .10 Millinery United P Schmidt 1.00 Front 2.00 Geo C C. 5.00 Millinery United E Galobe 1.00 Front 6.00 L Grumet 1.00 Ratners Shop, ~ Total Oct. 18, 1934 $163.23 Total to date $9,292.16 DISTRICT 3 (Philadelphia) H. W. B. 8200 Harry West 100 Total Oct. 18, 1934 83.00 Total to date $2,528.17 DISTRICT 7 (Detroit) Sec 7-1 81-52 Sec 1-5 1.20 Sec 7-3 1.25 Sec 1-12 5.00 Sec 1. Unit 1 .50 1.W.0.. Br. 43 5.00 Sec 2. affair 5.00 A McKlein 4.00 Sec 8-6 2.00 D Hobbs. Sec 1-5 50 Ann Arbor 500 Sec 1-12 5.00 J Dobriner 5.00 Total Oct. 18, 1934 $37.97 Total to date $817.31 DISTRICT 8 (Chicago) Anonymous $5.00 O V Olmes 1.00 Prog 'Group ot Cecil Bern 1.00 Bakers, Local 1.W.0., Br 4753. 237, A. F. L. 5.00 Czech Sec. 180 D Burns 5.00 Total Oct. 18. 1934 Total to date $1,752.30 WINNING TRAILING District Total Percent District Total Percent to of to of Date Quota Date Quota i ' vc i I 35 Djst, I $10323.00 34.4 VS ’ 3-NeW York City | $9293.16 20.87 I I 1 1 j i I—Betton I 978 64 I 48.93 14—Newark 291.28 ' 38.83 I I ! 3 Philadelphia | 2538.17 | 73.23 s—Pittsburgh } 323.43 | 26.8« I I ! I I i .. I I 6—Cleveland | 1352.42 i 41.74 7—Detroit j 817.31 33.69 4 Buffalo S 230.48 ‘ 29.39 " 13—Calltorla j 164.28 | 8.31 I L__ 1 !_ 18— Milwaukee I 331.30 • 33.13 13 —Seattle 136.37 I 13.63 J I I 1 13—Seattle | 136.37 | 13.63 " 13—California ' 164.38 | 8.21 I i [ —- ( | ( 19— Denver I 261.32 | 65.33 “ 31—St. Louis | 71.65 | 14.32 I I I Here I» My Bit Toward the $60,000! NAM K ADDRESS AMOUNT nr Tear off and mail immediately to DAILY WORKER 59 EAST 13th St. New York, N. Y. on his ear” if he attempts to attend the next meeting of that body. The local is taking steps to counteract such a move of discrimination against them. This local is also trying to get written statements from the sheriff and deputy sheriffs —that they will not deputize and use the O. I. M. Co. police in case of strike. They are also fighting tooth and nail against the State Constabulary Bill which is trying to be passed at St. Paul. Recognizing the Iron ore range as one of the basic industries that will be used during a war—the delegate to the Second United States Con gress Against War and Fascism is taking steps to form a city com mittee of the American League and is calling upon all organizations to elect members to this commitee. Already the response is favorable for such action and members have been elected from a few organi zations. NOTE: We publish every Saturday let ters from ore and coal miners, and oil workers. We urge workers in these industries to write us of their conditions and their struggles to organise. Please get these letters to us by Thursday of each week. Communist Candidates Are Leaders in the Fight for the Right to Organize, Strike, Picket. Vote Communist against N.R.A. Attacks on Living Standards. DISTRICT 9 (Minnesota) 1 Arms Harja $8.27 Farmers Coop Merc. Ass n of New York Mills 5.50 Total Oct. 18. 1984 $8.77 Total to date $394.77 DISTRICT 16 (Omaha) Nebraska Farmer $ .50 Total Oct. 18. 1934 $ .50 Total to date $26.10 DISTRICT 18 (California) J. Panek SI.OO Two Sera Workers 1.00 L. J. Fortune 1.00 Total Oct. 18. 1934 83.00 Total to date $164.28 DISTRICT 14 (Newark) Stelton Unit $5.00 Ukranian U.C.W.C.W. 9.00 Toilers 4.00 U.C.W.C.W. 3.00 X Y Z .40 Unit 10 1.80 D K a Bio Unit 8 10.00 Chemist 3.00 Total Oct. 18, 1934 $36.00 Total to date $291.26 DISTRICT 18 (Milwaukee) Sec 1, U-106 $3.00 Sec 2, U-201 1.47 Sec 1, U-101 1.05 Sec 2, U-208 1.97 Sec 1 .85 Sec 2, U-205 .41 Sec 1, U-112 1.00 Sec 2, U-212 .50 Sec 1, U-110 .55 Sec 4 .20 Sec 1. S Roth 1.00 Sec 4 2.50 Sec 1, Jewish Sec 4 .50 ' Women’s C. 8.75 Sec 3 1.50 Sec 2.U-204 1.00 Madison 2.50 Sec 2, U-201 1.10 Madison .55 Total Oct. 18. 1934 $30.40 Total to date $331.30 DISTRICT 19 (Denver) , M. E. Lorer, Casper, Wyo. SI.OO Total Oct. 18, 1934 SI.OO , Total to date $261.32 DISTRICT 31 (St. Louis) Aleck Parrett „ 3 25 Total Oct. 18, 1934 3 .25 1 Total to date $71.65 DISTRICT 22 (Virginia) I Br. 123, R. N. M. A. S. $1 00 i Total Oct. 18. 1934 SI.OO I Total to date $57.40 Bessemer Local Fights Expulsions By a Mine Worker Correspondent BESSEMER, Ala.—There is a big drive on by Red Thrasher, the president of local No. 1, Interna tional Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, to expel all Com munists from the union. So far, three militant workers, one white and two Negroes, have been put out. Red Thrasher takes control of the union and tells the members just what to do. He uses Illegal ways of kicking out workers. In order to terrorize the members and keep them from protesting his actions, Red Thrasher is having the homes of militant workers bombed. So far, the homes of John Davis, white worker, and Nathan Strong and Ed Sears, Negro workers, have been bombed. This attempt to ter rorize the workers is having the opposite effect. Now the workers are more determined than ever to throw out Red Thrasher and his whole bombing ring. The Communist Party in Bes semer is having more success now than ever in organizing a fighting opposition to Red Thrasher in the union. It will not be long until the fakers like Red Thrasher are run out. Under the present leadership, more than SBO of the union’s fund has disappeared. Besides this, he is trying to raise dues and throw out all unemployed workers who cannot pay dues. Thrasher and his gang are block ing all plans to fight for more relief, in the face of the fact that 26,000 workers in Alabama are being cut off relief. Thrasher and his gang have a policy of cooperating with the Tennessee Coal and Iron Co. bosses. This means denial of relief by the public welfare, and blocks a fight for relief. Also, they are do ing their best to smash the union— the attendance has dropped to less than 100, and there are 2,000 mem bers. The Communist Party is organiz ing the rank and file members of the union to take control of the union in their own hands, to kick out Red Thrasher, and to fight militantly for more relief. Organization Needed To Better Conditions In Carbon County By a Mine Worker Correspondent HELPER, Utah. I want the Daily Worker readers to read about the situation in Carbon County. In the coal field, some of the outfits have put men to work. Only men they think are loyal. The money they make they have to spend in the company store to support the outfit. Now a little about W. F. P. U. Some of these people in relief offices like to see the people die like the cattle in the south. They don’t re alize that nowadays working people are just as smart as they and more. Some time back they cut off the water for some of the people. The rank and file organizations sent a committee to see about turning on the water. Os course before the committee came back the water was turned on again. Everybody can learn from this ex perience the importance of having rank and file organizations like the Carbon County. My advice is to or ganize and not to forget to support our true agitator, the Daily Worker. WITH OUR YOUNG READERS New York City. HALLOWE’EN Witches and cats, ghosts and jack o-lanterns—all these things belong to Hallowe’en, a time for having fun. We duck for apples that bob about in a tub of water—and it’s not fair pushing the apple against the side of the tub and then taking a bite at it. Or, with hands tied behind our backs, we try to bite at an apple as it swings hanging from a string. Then the lights go out and someone tells a ghost story. We’re all very scared or we just make be lieve we are. because we aren't really scared at all. But a very very long time ago, Hallowe’en was celebrated very seri ously. In very ancient times, hun dreds and even thousands of years ago, people believed in gods and spirits which lived in forests or rivers—in fact, everywhere. Some of these spirits were good and some bad. But the most important god of all was the sun god, because the sun was the giver of all life. The sun divided the year into What has happened before Last time Margie, Tim and Jerry were asked by the boys to join the Purple Riders, a club they were just starting. But they don’t want Margie because she is a girl. So Tim and Jerry refused to join. In stead, with Margie, both Tim and Jerry start a club with mostly girls, Margie's friends. The boys make fun of Tim and call him Sissy. AD' ENIURES OI MARGIE, TIM AND JERRY. See what happens in next week’s paper. I HEARD WHEn 5Ay —&3E j \ *- I Ht’AlTl -rupy'pr a seceEr meet- AwAkob I Fl A t \ club out at xX I i 7 /'7 / I r > /r i / I */ i'k 1 the old d/e i I Hju / HFI 1 I \Yi JlvrnWem i I f\—l p Ssl i J / ! m jMgJzzP / j B W DAILY WORKER, NEW YORK, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 20. 1934 A MINER’S VIEW OF ARBITRATION By a Mine Worker Correspondent URY, W. Va.—Arbitration is a problem to many of us. At the beginning of the "New Deal” we took it as a godsend. During the past months of practicing arbitra tion, we have come to the bitter realization that it benefits only the bosses. Arbitration is an anti-working class principle, which is supposed to maintain peace, and create har mony between "Labor and Capital.” Has arbitration achieved success? NO, not by a long shot. Brothers, we are still under com pulsory arbitration, and the more familiar we get with its practices the more embittered we get, the more we condemn it. At the same time, our misleaders get more and more repulsive to us, by helping to impose arbitration on us. Arbitration acts on us in the form of killing in us the spirit of fighting the bosses for gains. Nat urally, that’s to the bosses’ ad vantage. Because in almost all cases, when we have grievances, we take to arbitration in a (faint) hope of winning, and by the time the boss is through with us, we look like a cranky boy, thoroughly spanked by his big husky papa. The reason for us getting whip ped like that is, because the person representing us workers on the Labor Board, is not a real working man, he's either a big capitalist or a middle class man. If we had a real fighting, scrapping honest working man on the board to rep resent us WE MIGHT HAVE A CHANCE. But the bosses simply will not allow, such a man on a “Labor Board.” Therefore there is no chance for us to win our griev ance by arbitration. Our present contract isn’t much to brag about, and all of you bro thers know that, yet, in many cases the boss does not live up to it. Now, brothers, you know that there is something utterly wrong somewhere, if we are forced to abide by the code and contract, and the bosses can do as they please. If we had a contract 100 per cent in our favor, what good would it do us, unless we could compel the boss to live up to it? Fellow workers, brothers, the only way we can become "masters” of the situation is by bringing all miners, organized and unorganized, Welfare Helping to Drive Miners Into Company Union By a Raimund Mine Worker Cor respondent BESSEMER, Ala.—We are having trouble keeping the union going here. The bosses at Raimund are firing union men and forcing them to move out of the camps. Also, the Raimund bosses are telling the Welfare not to put union men on relief, and in this way starve the miners either into “popsickle” union, (company union) or out of Bessemer. Os course many of the union miners have been terrorized out of attending meetings and even turn in their union books. This is all the fault of the union leaders. When the bosses started this terror, the union leaders didn’t fight back. When the men saw this two parts; the beginning of Sum mer on the last day of April and the end of Summer on the last day of October. Festivals were held at each of these times, but the most important one was the end of Sum mer. It was called Samhain, which means the death of Summer. Bon fires were lit. It was a time of joy and thankfulness for the sun’s good ness as well as a time of grief at the sun’s departure. The people be lived that at this time, the sun was in the power of his enemies, the spirits of Winter Darkness. These bad spirits were all around on this night. The people thought that if they coaxed and bribed the spirits that they would fortell the future. And because October 31st marked the beginning of their new year, this was a particularly favorable time. That is how fortune telling came to be a custom at Hallowe'en. The early people did very little farming. Instead they kept big herds of cattle. They left them out in the fields all Summer. On Oc tober 31st they brought them in out of the cold. Also, the people believed the spirits of the dead wanted to come in out of the cold too, and to visit again their old homes. So that is how the idea of ghosts came to be a part of Halowe’en. In central Europe, people had very strong beliefs in witches. Witches caused all their troubles. They were responsible for spoiled crops, sick cattle and unhappiness in general. They built fires to drive away the into one solid group, headed by a committee elected from the ranks. Ditch arbitration, and with a fighting spirit talk to the bosses in the language of the "majority.” NOTE: What our miner cor respondent has discovered con cerning arbitration under the New Deal tallies with the ex perience of thousands of workers in other industries—in steel, auto, and most recently in textile, where sellouts of militant struggles for improved conditions and higher wages were put over by the bosses through the medium of referring disputes to these government boards, with the active coopera tion of the A.F.L. official bureau cracy. Workers must recognize that arbitration is a bosses’ weapon, and must fight in all struggles for the immediate granting of demands. They must not allow the referring of disputes to these arbitration boards, the decision of which, postponed usually for months following the struggle, in variably leave the conditions of the workers scarcely (if at all) changed for the better. Also, as this miner correspon dent points out, any contract won is only as good as the organized strength of the union will make it. Therefore there is no neces sity for arbitration, if the workers have definite demands, and mobil ize the power to make these de mands effective. That is why it is not correct to say that, if we only had an honest representa tive, arbitration might mean something. Besides arbitration boards also contain a third party, an “impartial” person, who is in EVERY case a member of the capitalist class. The encouragement, given to the growth of company unions as a result of the weakening of the independent union frequently means the worsening of condi tions follownig arbitration. To fight this, an active struggle must be carried on against the official leadership of the A.F.L. unions, which actively cooperate with the boss government of Roosevelt in putting over arbitration schemes, and the building and strength ening of the rank and file oppo sition and leadership in the A.F.L. uions. they began to quit the real union. The men should not, however, quit the union, but stay in, attend all meetings, and build up a powerful rank and file opposition that will be able to take control of the union away from the fakers and mis leaders. Conditions in the mine are miserable. It is really worse than before our strike last June. The miners want to do something about it but the union leaders won’t do a thing to help them. Tire rotten "popsickle” union is going too far here. The worst rats and scabs are leading it. Jerry Davis, Louis Tar rant, and Henry Keener are the big leaders, and Earlie Nicks, Fletcher Nicks, Callie Wallace, Louis Shep- witches and they burned cats who were supposed to be witches in an other shape. Gradually this too be came part of Hallowe’en. In very ancient times there was a Roman goddess of fruit called Pomona. In a place sacred to her, a gay harvest festival was held, about October 31. And so apples and nuts and pumpkins were also added to our Hallowe’en fun. This was all before Christianity. Years later when Christianity spread , from Rome all over Europe, it took , the ancient festivals and simply ! made them into Christian holidays. , And so the old festival of Samhain became All Hallow’s (or all Saints’) j Day. And in some parts of Europe, All Saints' is an important religious i holiday. But Hallowe’en as we know it here and its customs were taken from the older beliefs of those early t people who lived in England. Scot ; land. Wales and Ireland, and in : Central Europe, or Germany. Then, ' people believed in gods and god . desses, long before Christianity. I So we see that from all these [ early beginnings we have our Hal [ lowe’en fun. Today we no longer , believe in such things as witches ■ and ghosts. We know our troubles do not come from bad spirits float r ing around in the air. The troubles ; and misery of the workers are caused k by the ruling class, the ones who : make the workers slave so that they, the rich, can 'grow richer. ) So at our up-to-date Hallowe’en Van Bittner Rushes to Bosses’ Aid By a Mine Worker Correspondent STATESBURY MINE, W. Va.—l wish to introduce another "master piece” sell out of our leader. Dis trict President Van A. Bittner, Here’s the story. At the Statesbury Mine, in the slope, we have 100 per cent clean coal, with a reject of 100 lbs. per 4- ton car. Naturally, this caused some grievances, which are waiting for the Labor Board’s decision which, of course, will never arrive. Above this clean coal exists a “rash” of from 6 to 14 inches. This consists of streaks of slate and coal. It has been a custom before, and during the life of the expired contract as well as under the present contract for the last four months, that the coal loader cleaned up the cut of coal in the daytime, and the ' company employed a "rash” crew to shoot and transfer the “rash” 1 every night. So the company decided that they 1 could produce the coal 8 cento cheaper on the ton by making the coal loaders take the "rash” by the inch, at 6 and two tenths cents per inch, also furnishing their own ex- : plosives. Naturally, by doing this the earning power of the loader 1 would be reduced, from $2 to $3 a 1 day. The miners rejected the scheme. But the company was very insistent. ’ The case was taken to the Labor I Board at Beckley, W. Va. They | were discussing the matter hotly; 1 neither party gave an inch of their ' ground, when at the crucial moment our "Hero" appeared on the scene. Van A. Bittner (in person) with a couple of black eyes, which he got from some rank and filers at a ‘ meeting in Logan. He listened a while, and finally spoke up. “You gentlemen can’t : get anywhere by arguing like that.” He invited the chairman of the . Labor Board into a private room. : After a few minutes they returned ; with the decision in "black on white” in the form of a sub-con tract which meant "Contract and Code” or No "Contract and Code,” ‘ the coal loaders must take the ‘ "rash”. ( Brothers, there is away we can end these betrayals. By having ( the miners take control of the ( union and uniting all of the rank and file miners into one powerful union of coal miners—controlled by the Rank and File. Rank and Filer. Every New “Daily” Reader Adds a Fighter to Our Ranks! pard, and Melvin "Greachy” Law rence are their best helpers. These j dirty rats are doing their best to ] smash the real union (Mill, Mine , and Smelter Workers Union) and j force lower wages, more speed-up ; and worse working conditions on the , miners by their boss-controlled ) “popsickle” union. We must rally the whole union to i stop the bosses from moving the 1 miners out of the camps. We must 1 force the Welfare to give relief to < all unemployed miners. We must t have our shop committee demand s that the bosses live up to the June 1 contract. When the miners see that our union means to fight they will i all join both white and Negro, for i a mass fight to better our condi- ] tions. i i Party, instead of make-believe Evil Spirits we have real Devils, and a few of them are Morgan, Hitler and Mussolini. If you are going to have . a party on Hallowe'en you should I get a copy of the October New Pio neer. In the back you will find ’ masks to cut out and wear. At your ■ party is our modem witch. She has , a cat’s face—and her name is Frances Perkins, secretary of labor —the lady who tells us that child j labor has been done away with, , when we know it hasn’t, and who ’ breaks all the strikes when our fathers try to get decent pay. The ' other mask is gold-stuffed Morgan, ‘ and the bad men are Hitler and ' Mussolini. With the little recitations ; that go along with them, you are ’ sure to have a swell Hallowe’en ’ Party. r Here is a game for you to try: See if you can sit on a round bot i tie on the floor and thread a needle , at the same time. You think it’s ■ easy? Try it. Here is an old one you probably > know. Put on a chair or box a . small object, this time it could be r a small jack-o-lantem. Blindfold 5 the player and put a long stick or 5 cane into his hand. Place him about - 10 feet from the chair. Turn him 5 around and let him walk toward it I and try to hit the jack-o-lantem ) with the stick. Answer to last week’s picture puzzle: Bob Minor, Clarence Hathaway, and Mus -1 solini. WORKERS’ HEALTH Conducted by the Daily Worker Medical Advisory Board Douching During Pregnancy R. L.: This comrade states that she has been using a sodium per borate douche as described in this column recently, to treat a vaginal discharge that caused itching. She has been getting relief. No doubt, the patient has a trichomonas vaginalis infection. She now has decided to “take a chance in spite of Capitalism” and have a baby. She wants to know how she can have a baby, if she has to douche, and whether the conception would be cancelled or washed away by a douche twenty four hours later. » « » In order to prevent conception by douching, it must be done im mediately after intercourse. Even if so carried out, however, the douche is not always a reliable con traceptive. The douche is merely a mechanical agent for washing out the male discharge from the va gina before any serum has a chance to enter the womb. Sperm gains access to the womb within a very short period after the sexual act—a matter of mi nutes. Impregnation, or the union of the male sperm and female ovum (egg) does not take place in the vagina or in the worn. It occurs in the tube and then the fertilized egg makes its way down into the womb, where it grows and develops. In douching, none of the fluid gets beyond the vagina and never reaches the interior of the womb. Therefore, it can be readily seen that there is no chance of wash ing away the pregnancy. Heretofore, douching has not been advised in pregnant women. A re cent report has come from the Jef ferson Medical College in Philadel phia, however, where they have been treating pregnant women with douches, who at the same time have a trichomonas vaginalis in fection, without any harmful ef fects on the pregnancy. If Comrade R. L. desires to be come pregnant, we would advise her not to douche immediately after intercourse. Douching at any other time will not affect her chances of becoming pregnant. If, after she conceives, she con tinues to Jiave a troublesome dis charge, there is no harm in having IN THE HOME By HELEN LUKE —— * We were on the subject of elim inating insects and such household pests. To the directions given yes terday for fumigating to destroy bedbugs, we should add that if the kitchen is to be included food should naturally be protected from fumes by putting It in containers. Other insects can often be elim inated by thorough and persistent use of liquid sprays or powders. Flytox, Black Flag, Flit and many other similar preparations are effec tive, though they and the needed spray - guns are expensive. The liquids are more convenient to use. In the case of roaches, powder will sometimes be more satisfactory, as it is less volatile than liquid; puffed into comers and cracks, it remains effective longer, and a roach running through it stirs it up nicely. The most effective such pow der I’ve ever used was a kind called “Nip-On,” which was sold in Cleve land. I could never find it on sale in New York; possibly it’s no longer made. Roaches seem to be particularly fond of potatoes and onions. There fore, if these insects are present, such vegetables should be kept in metal containers—not air-tight but proof against insects—and away from floor and walls: A metal vege table bin is good if you can afford it; or the spuds may be kept in a big pot in the oven, though obvious ly this is a nuisance. Unless you don’t count on remain ing long In one place, fill in crannies and crevices in the house, as this eliminates places of refuge for in sects and mice. For filling in floors and woodwork use plastic wood or putty; in walls etc., plaster-of-Paris; sinks, etc., cement made for the purpose. These may be had at hard ware, paint or dime store. (Don’t empty or spill plaster-of-Paris in sink; mix in heavy paper cup or container, with fiat piece of wood or old tin spoon; when through, throw these away.) City housewives are troubled less by ants than those in the country. These insects enter a house in a long line of march. Look for point of entry and put red pepper generously across it. For those already in the house mix well equal parts confec tioner’s sugar and borax and put out in saucers after removing all other food from reach of insects, or use a prepared powder or liquid. For rats and mice, use poison of one kind or another, traps, or a cat or dog. Mousetraps must be well scalded with boiling water after each capture. For bait, bacon or a walnut, tied fast with string, will be round as good if not better than cheese. The dime stores sell a package of seeds for mice, called “Ridmice,” which •are effective provided you starve out the mice first for a few days by removing every crumb of food to glass or tin containers. The package says the mice will not die in the house but will go outside to die. Don’t you believe it, comrades. They won’t be a darned bit consid erate where they die. Watch all corners after you feed them these seeds. In general we may say of all these household pests, as of the fascists, that short of a world-wide prole tarian revolution, which will organ ize sanitation along with other it treated under medical super vision. Otherwise no treatment is necessary. The comrade also wants to know how long it takes to get around to answer a letter. The Daily Worker Medical Advisory Board has in structed its members to answer let ters within a week after receiving them. If there is any delay, the doctor who writes the reply is either lazy or busy. • « * Unanswered Letters Will all workers who sent us let ters before the Medical Advisory Board was organized on Aug. 15 of this year, and who have not had replies to their letters sent before that date, if they still desire replies, please write us again, and a prompt answer will be forthcoming. Lecture on Birth Control a Success The lecture on Birth Control last night was only the opening Big Bertha in our drive for our quota of $1,500 in the Daily Worker Drive. We are planning a big dance, a symposium and many small lec tures. We need the help of the comrades who are experts in run ning these functions. Who will volunteer? The line forms on the right. Write care of this column. Contributions received to the credit of the Medical Advisory Board in its Socialist competition with Del, Mike Gold, Harry Gannes, Jacob Burck, David Ramsey and Helen Luke, in the Daily Worker drive for $60,000. Quota—sl,soo. X. Y. Z $ .40 Cecil Bean 1.00 Harry Arken 1,09 Previously received 152.95 Total to date $155.35 A group of workers in a C. C. C. camp send s7—a sailor on a U. S. battleship sends sl—a worker in Dulnth sends a quarter! All cry that the $60,000 campaign must succeed! It will succeed if every reader does his part. Make collec tions, hold affairs, discuss the Daily Worker! Vote Communist Against Wag* Cuts. More About Pests forms of social planning, there is nothing that will settle their hash once and for all. In the immortal words of the harried housewife, “You’ve just got to keep atter them.” Contributions received to the credit of Helen Luke in her Social ist competition with David Ramsey, Jacob Burck, Del, Harry Gannes, Mike Gold and the Medical Advis ory Board, in the Daily Worker drive for $60,000. Quota—ssoo. Vox Populi $ 5.00 Previously received 6.40 Total to date $11.40 Can You Make ’Em Yourself? Pattern 1984 is available In sizes 14, 16, 18, 20, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40 and 42. Size 16 takes 3% yards 36 inch fabric and 1 yard contrasting apron. Illustrated step-by-tep sewing in structions included. ■ »■ i 1 2 n I I • |i9 8 M I |y i | Send FIFTEEN CENTS (15c) in coins or stamps (coins pre ferred! for each Anne Adams pat tern, THIRTY CENTS (30c) for both. Write name, address and styl number. BE SURE TO STATE SIZE. Address orders to Daily Worker, Pattern Department. 243 West 17th Street, New York City.