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JAPAN’S WAR OFFICE PRINTS 200,000 COPIES OF WAR-INCITING BOOK State Publication Aims To Prepare Mood of Masses for War (Special to the Daily Worker) PEIPING, Feb. 26. (By Cable).— The Japanese War Ministry has is sued another war-inciting pamph let significantly dedicated to the “Thirtieth anniversary of the Muk .... den battle during the Russo-Jap anese war." This War Ministry book, of which 200.000 copies are being dis tributed to social organizations, schools, colleges, etc., marks a new stage in the official preparation of the Japanese masses for war. An earlier book, published in October. 1934. fully revealed the militariza „ tion of the Japanese national econ omy and of the entire population, describing all this as preparations “for a big. war.” Fear Anti-War Feeling The new book is even more con crete. All of Its contents are di — rected toward one aim—increasing the military “Japanese spirit.” Anti-war feelings, which are ever growing, are a serious menace to the aggressive plans of the Japan ese imperialists. A still more men acing factor is the noticeable growth of anti-war feelings in the army. For the restoration of the "Japanese spirit” the Japanese military clique was forced to use various energetic methods. The newspaper Dsidsi is the only paper giving extracts from the new publication of the War Ministry. Judging from these extracts, one v-* notices the usual demagogic anti ■ capitalist slogans of fascism, to gether with the often reiterated slogan launched by the war-mon ger, General Araki, on “the su ■ periority and world significance of Japanese morals.” According to the Shimbun Ren go News Agency the pamphlet sets -~r forth “the difference between Jap anese culture and Western mater ialistic civilization.” The pamph let has the main aim of “convincing «... the population of the primary im portance of perfecting the de fenses of the state during the present period of crisis and extra ordinary times.” Compiled by Araki Group ” ■ Obviously referring to the Japan ese-Chinese war of 1894-5 and the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5, the agency recalls that the “national power of Japan and the welfare of her population increased whenever the country' overcame an extraor dinary period.” The character of the book leaves no doubt that it was compiled by the Arakists, the most aggressive elements of Japanese imperialism, who still insist on the immediate commencement of “a big war.” The ~ enormous circulation of the new pamphlet demonstrates the in creased activity of these jingoistic elements. Union Forces Concessions (Cotllinued from Page 1) Wolf, executive secretary of the N. L. R. B. and Samuel C. Lamport, industrial member of the national and regional boards. The union was supported by James J. Bambrick, president of the union, Edward C. Maguire, at torney for the union, and members ! °f the Executive Board of the union. The majority of the owners in the garment, fur and miiHnery districts were represented at the conference. The agreement, which according to union officials will be signed iij ; dividually by owners as a closed shop agreement, in part, provides: A blanket $2 increase in wages for all workers with a minimum set at 524 for Class A. 522 for Class B and S2O for Class C; no , reduction of wages new paid: overtime to be paid at the rate of time and a half; at least one week's vacation with pay for all employed one year or longer; 48 1 hour week including the relief time, which consists of two twenty minute periods each day; work week to consist of six days; no employe to work two shifts in succession; employes hired to re place other workers to receive the rate prevailing at the time: watchmen not to perform more than six hours of active work in the work week limited to 72 hours: charwomen to receive 50c an hour and window cleaners §36 for a 40-hour week. Wall Street Still Left The settlement applying to the ; garment sector only, still leaves the union with the problem of improv ing the conditions of the workers in the financial district, hotels and apartment houses in Manhattan as well as the Bronx, Brooklyn and other boroughs. A mass meeting of the Brooklyn locals 51 and 518 of the union has been called for tonight at the Brooklyn Labor Lyceum, Wiloughby and Myrtle Avenues, at which Bambrick will speak on the settle "■ ment in the garment center. „ The Manhattan local called a mass meeting for Friday night at the Star Casino. 105 East 107th • Street, where a detailed report will be submitted by Bambrick. Ministers Protest Invasion DE6 MOINES, lowa. Feb. 26. : The DCs Moines Negro Ministerial Alliance has forwarded an indig : nan*, protest resolution to the Ital ian Embassy at Washington. ; against the armed attack on the Abyssinian people by the fascistj butcher Mussolini. Aide Admits Hearst Is Liar (Continued from Page 1) other important agricultural regions ! in the Soviet Union, in the South j Ukraine, and saw the new collective j farms. “This second trip made even a j still greater impression on me than! the first. The number of observe- I tions I made speak of the great j progress of agriculture. All the way ' from Moscow to Odessa and Yalta, I both in towns and on railway sta tions, bread is freely sold. There are good signs of the livening up j of the collective farm bazaars at all j stations. Peasants sell bread, eggs and dairy produce in great abun dance. Unplanned Visits “This means ihat there is suffi cient agricultural produce. “I visited collective farms not inj accordance with any pre-arranged I plan,” he said, after remarking that nowhere did he see “any signs or traces of famine about which the S foreign press likes to speak.” “During my stay in the Odessa region, I spent a whole day at the collective farm villages of Groslieb- j tal and Kleinliebental. My first visit j was at the Spartakov district. This j German district suffered severe j drought in 1934. From the time j of sowing crops right up to June' j there were no rains. Despite this, j | the collective farm Grosliebental gathered in no less than 880 pounds j i of grain per hectare (2% acres) in i 1934. [This is slightly less than the average harvest In the Soviet j Union.] There was an exceptionally | j high harvest of grapes. Peasants Live Better “The collective farmers in Gross liebental were living better than last year when there was no drought, but at the present live ! like the average peasant in the Soviet Union. “Moreover,” continued Mr. Par j rott, “I found that 80 per cent of the peasants at Grosliebental were ! poor peasants before the collectivi- i ! zation. The percentage of the poor! I was approximately the same as the! percentage of Illiterates. Now. in j | the nearby Kleinliebental, for -in- j | stance, there are ten schools estab lished, and no Illiterates. “The village is clean, the houses trim, well built, painted in various bright colors. The collective farm- i ers and their wives and children are dressed quite well. The horses are in good shape, seemingly well attended and cared for. All farm machines are in sheds, sheltered from bad weather.” | Further testifying to the grow ; ing supply of food and answering I the “famine” slanders. Mr. Parrott j said; Increase in Livestock “The amount of livestock in the j collective farms has increased from 3.500 head to 5,000 head in two years. “In the village we heard the j sound of church bells which are no i longer heard in the cities. The Lutheran and Catholic churches continue to exist. But along with this, there is the appearance of big public buildings of a new type. “About half a million rubies were ! scent on the main building. In J the Grosliebental bread shop j bread is sold as freely and at the same prices as in the cities. “I happened, -bv chance, to sit at a table with a collective farmer and j tasted the food put on the table at ! the collective farm. On mv way | back to town, my automobile got i stuck deep in the snow, it was i necessary to return to the collective 1 TRADE UNIONS ARE BACKBONE OF LABOR PARTY MOVEMENT (This is the first of two articles ] on Communist Party’s role in the movement for a Labor Party.) The resolution of the Central j Committee of the Communist Party, adopted at the recent plenary ses sion. points to four types of parties which may develop out of the grow ing trend for a mass break-away from the two traditional capitalist I Darties. These are stated as fo lows: “(a) A popular or ‘progressive’ Party based on La Follette, Sin clair. Olson, and Long movements and typified by these leaders and their program; lb) a ‘Farmer- Labor’ or ‘Labor’ Party of tile same character, differing only in the name and degree of dema gegy; (c) a ‘Labor’ Party with a predominantly trade union basis, with a program consisting of im mediate demands .(po'sibly with vague promises about the ‘co operative commonwealth* a la Olson) dominated by a section of the trade union bureaucracy, as sisted by the Soriaist Party and excluding the Communists: id) a Labor Party built from below on a trade union basis but in con flict with the trade union bureau cracy, putting forward a program of demands closely connected with mass struggles, strikes, etc., with the leading role played by the militant elements, including the Communists.” The Party declares that the Com munists must make the lest type the Cbjective, and that a struggle must be directed against efforts to mislead the workers into any of the first three types. From the above it is apparent that the key to the building of a j real Labor Party in the United j States is in the activity of the mili- j Blast Lies In Trial of 16 By Michael Quin (Special ta the Daily Worker) SACRAMENTO, Calif., Feb. 26. Testifying for the fifteen Sacra mento criminal syndicalism defend ants yesterday, small farmers and pickers from San Joaquin Valley blasted the lies of the vigilante wit nesses of the proseoution, and pre sented a powerful indictment against the big land-owners backing the prosecution, the finance companies and ginning concerns. The court was tense -with drama as eye witnesses and participants in the strike struggles led by the defendants related with bitterness and feeling the true facts of the terror unleashed by the armed vigi ante bands of the planters against itinerant pickers and laborers strug gling for decent conditions. Mr. and Mrs. Hershel Bowen and their 18-year-old son told how vigi lantes had attacked them. Bowen was severely beaten up. All three worked as cotton picker?. The son has worked in the fields since he was seven years old. Mike Kearney, a small farmer, exposed the organization and planned violence of the vigilante bands, and told how Mr. Ellet of the Ellet Cotton Gin, representing the finance companies, directed the ter roristic activities of the vigilantes. He gave an appalling picture of the desperate circumstances of the small farmers. Fred West, president of the Win dow Washers Union, Local 44, ol the A. F. of L., San Francisco, testified he was in Brentwood during the apricot pickers strike to aid the Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union. He refuted t.he lies of the prosecution witnesses per taining to the speeches of Pat Chambers and Caroline Decker, two of the defendants. Two small farmers, Burroughs and Karrer, gave similar testimony. farm. Naturally, the farmers did not expect us. But we met with a hearty welcome and hospitality—and a good supper. “We were treated with pickled herring, with onions, vegetables, pork and schnitzel with egg and coffee. We also tasted good, rich kolhoz wine.” “In the light of these facts, there is the statement of Merts, chairman of the local regional executive committee, that the col lective farmers reject the help especially organised in Germany by the Fascist organisation for ‘starving’ Germans in Russia and ihat Torgsin checks sent to the collective farmers are donated by them to the International Labor Defense for the assistance of victims of Fascist terror in capi talist lands. Gain Despite Drought "Although the drought was se vere, it did not restrain the develop ment of the collectives," said Hearst’s correspondent. “The farm ers at Grosliebental, Kleinliebental energetically and in unison carry on their economy. Only persistence and mechanization which helped to cultivate the soil w'ell and deeply made it possible to wrest 880 pounds of harvest per hectare from the land. “At present, the farmers are oc cupied with preparations for spring sowing. They are carefully pro tecting the winter harvest, using special devices to retain the snow on the field. “Young trees are planted. In their own labors tone the collective farms test the germination of the seeds of w'hich a large and sufficient quantity have been planted. “There is no doubt that if the drought occurs again, the collective farmers will meet it even in a more organized manner than in 1934.” Mr. Parrott finished his talk, which lasted nearly an hour, with the following remark: “I don’t know how the kulaks feel, but I am convinced that the poor peasants in these collective farms have begun to lead a well to-do life.” [ tants in the labor movement, and | in the first place the rank and file I movement In the trade unions. The I need for a Labor Party must be . made apparent to the masses out ; of their own experiences in strikes | and similar struggles. Policy Mapped in 1825 The above directives of our Party on the Labor Party are not stated for the first time. This policy was restated several times in 1925 when i the Communist International made a thorough analysis of the question. I The analysis of the Communist In i' ternational in May. 1925, said "In America the regular work of the Party members in the trade unions must be considered now as the fun damental work on which depends the success of the Party in most of the other fields and especially the straggle for a Labor Party.” The Sixth Congress of the Com munist International, as our Central j Committee cites, resolved “that the Party concentrate its attention on the work in the trade unions, on organizing the unorganized, etc., and in this way lay the basis for the practical realization of the slogan of a broad Labor Party or ganized from below.” A real Labor Party will be an outgrowth of our trade union work, the Communist International points out. But what is the traditional official policy of the Ameircan Federation of Labor on the political field? It is termed a "non-partisan” policy —to "reward friends and punish enemies” in either of the two cap italist parties. The class basis of politics is not recognized. Although experience has time and again proved that such policy is bankrupt, the American Federation of Labor bureaucracy maintains it. It is the DAM.Y WORKER, NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1935 Shock Brigade? Needed To Spread Daily Worker Among Workers in Ohio 3,000 Circulation Mark Set by Communists in Cleveland, Youngstown, Toledo Area CLEVELAND, Ohio, Feb. 26.—Pointing out that the leading industrial centers in this district are lagging far behind in the fulfillment of their quotas for the Daily Worker circulation drive, John Williamson, of the District Buro of the Communist Party here, yesterday issued a statement calling for immediate,' emergency organization of shock brigades to reach the 3,000 mark set for the district. His statement follows in full: “A month ago, the Party District ! Committee enthusiastically pledged to fulfill the sub quota of the Daily Worker and Increase the daily circulation to 3,000 copies. Such a decision was the contribution of our j district to a 100,000 circulation, which our Dally Worker must have. Drive Lagging “To date, the sub drive is lagging j badly. Only one section —Section 14 of Cleveland—has shown the proper j tempo and already has 43 per cent of its quota. Other large Cleveland sections lag behind, like Section 2 with 30 per cent; Section 1 with 34 per cent; Section 11 with 5 per cent; and Section 18 with 17 per cent. Out of town is even much worse, and that accounts for the district only fulfilling its quota 14 par cent to date. In every city, there are maturing strike struggles and the Party Is engaged in union and shop activity as never before. Yet Youngstown has only reached 10 per cent; Akron 26 per cent; Canton 8 per cent; Toledo 22 per cent and Cincinnati hasn’t secured a single sub. "Unsatisfactory as this is, on the question of increase of the daily undle circulation, not a single sec tion has taken an actual serious step. The total dally circulation of bundles remains at 1,200. Even' section must wake up to this serious \ Move to Spike j Auto Strike (Special (• the Daily Worker) DETROIT, Mich., Feb. 26. The hand-picked National Council of the A. F. of L. United Automobile Work ers today continued sidetracking the strike preparations voted by thou sands of members of the Federal auto locals. Francis J. Dillon, na tional organizer in the auto indus try and chairman of the Council, made public a letter to William Green, president of the A. F. of L., empowering him to seek a confer ence with the auto magnates who have consistently rebuffed the A. F. of L. This letter is in direct violation of the decisions of the Detroit and Flint City Councils of the United Automobile Workers and of locals in Cleveland and elsewhere, calling for immediate strike preparations, with all the negotiations in the hands of elected committees. The letter to Green completely ignores these decisions and makes no mention of the word “strike.” The National Council letter opens by pointing out the attacks being made by the auto companies on the trade unions, the discrimination against workers for union activity, the intimidation and terror of the vicious spy system, and the attempt of the companies to drive the work ers into company unions through the elections of the Automobile La bor Board. It fails, however, to draw the necessary conclusions from this—the conclusions already drawn by thou sands of auto workers and confirmed during the past year by tihe brazen betrayals of the Roosevelt govern ment—that only through militant strike action can these inhuman conditions be changed and higher wages and other improvements won. system through which they could auction oft the votes of the workers to the highest bidders in either the Democratic or Republican parties. The “non-partisan” policy, so carefully nursed by the union bu reaucrats, has been responsible for keeping a majority of the workers tied to the Republican and Demo cratic parties. In every case the workers find that they were fooled into supporting an enemy, but by that time the new elections come along, thanks to the union officials and fresh demagogy, the disillusion ment is directed into channels that lead them to support similar scoun drels in the second party. Political Independence Essential It Is clear that Independence of the American working class from the capitalist parties is an elemen tary prerequisite towards liberation from capitalism altogether. This therefore becomes the basic, aim of the Communist Party at this state. It is only in so far as we can more quickly and more easily tear the masses away from the capitalist parties and teach the working elass to act as a class that we aim towards the formalion of a Labor Party. There have been previous move ments for a Labor Party. During the 1923-24 campaign, the Commu nist Party took an active part. But the movement was still too much confused with capitalist third party and middle class movements, and was unable to survive. This cir cumstance faced each attempt for an independent class party, because the economic and social develop ments in the capitalist system which push forward the need for inde pendent political action of the work ing class increased exploitation; fascist terror; monopolies; ruination of the small producers, farmers, etc. —are paralleled by a disintegration situation, and, where good plans l have to be adopted, start a fight j for the fulfillment of these plans. “We must put an end to a situa tion where nine sections in Cleve ; land receive only 450 copies of the Daily Worker daily in bundles; or Youngstown with 72; Cincinnati, ; 77; Columbus, 14. Here we see dramatized the absence of a Daily Worker consciousness, as well as the task of an organized Daily Worker apparatus in the units and sec tions. In this present period of growing mass influence of the Party, we must build the Party’s foundations, one Os which is the Daily Worker. The voice of the Party must reach the steel, auto, rubber, mining and railroad work ers. Good Plans "Many good section plans have been worked out. The best and most ambitious is that of Youngs town, which solemnly pledges by May 1 a dally circulation of the Dally Worker of 500 copies and ful fillment of their sub quota of 76. To achieve this, a Steuben Shock Brigade has been organized. "The District Buro greets the action of the Youngstown comrades and calla for similar action by all other sections. We emphasize, how ever, proper decisions are not enough. Start a struggle within the Party for t.he fulfillment of every decision. Every Communist into action.” Italian Troops Land in Africa ROME. Feb. 26.—The first bat talion of Mussolini’s imperialist expedition against Abyssinia ar rived today at Massawa, an Erit rean port on the Red Sea, 70 miles from Abyssinia territory. Vast stores of ammunition, motorized artillery, and full colonial combat equipment are now enroute and are reported to be in the Red Sea. The steamship Nazario Sauro to day joined the procession of Ital ian ships toward the East African colonies, having sailed at midnight with about 1,200 skilled workers, fifty engineer officers and war ma terials. The DaVinci sailed from Naples yesterday with sixty officers and 300 skilled workers in addition to materials such as barbed wire, timber and building stuffs. Italy is capable of mobilizing thirty-seven classes totalling 7,000,- 000 to 8,000,000 men in the crimi nal war in Abyssinia, it was stated officially today. Arkansas Legislature Presses Drastic Bill To Halt Labor Action MENA, Ark., Feb. 26.—Following on the heels of terroristic attacks on meetings of Negro and white share croppers and the “investigation” of Commonwealth College for "un- American activities,” the general assembly of Arkansas is now trying to rush through an iron-clad sedi tion bill—the most vicious anti labor bill ever presented to a legis lative body in America. The bill has passed the lower house by a vote of sixty-three to twenty-two, and is before the judiciary committee of the Senate. Bv GEORGE MORRIS within the capitalist parties and an increased trend towards a third capitalist or middle class party. The forces W'hich simed for a genuine Labor Party were still too weak in each case. They w'ere never yet firmly established on the basic or ganizations of the working class, especially the trade unions. LaFollette in 1924 In 1924 the American Federation of Labor bureaucracy and the offi cials of the Railroad Brotherhoods joined behind a “progressive” LaFol lette ticket, but this was only to give way partially to the tremendous pressure from below for a mass break-away from the Democratic and Republican parties. Following the 1924 elections, when Robert LaFollette, candidate for president, polled five million votes, the Com munist International stated as fol lows in its analysis (Daily Worker, May, 1925); “The I,a Follette movement as a genuine petty bourgeois phenome non was of a double nature: on the one hand it was an objective symptom of disorganization in the camp of the bourgeoisie. On the other hand, in the prevailing cri sis of American capitalism, its ob jective purpose was the support of capital; to divert as a political safety valve the awakening class consciousness of the proletariat from consolidation of its indepen dent class movement. Gompers (president of the A. F. of L. then) understood this and allied himself with La Foilctte. The semi-con scious labor movement saw in I>a Follette a standard bearer against big business, and followed him blindly, for the farmer-labor movement still lacked political in dependence to a certain degree. The majority of the worker* in this movement desired the forma tion of a Labor Party, but they 25,000 Score Hearst Lies (Continued from Page 1) It Is for all workers without ex ! ception.” Concluding, Lundeen stated, "It is übvious that the recognition of the Soviet Union by the United States prevented a war attack by Japan. The U. S. S. R. and the U. S. A., they must be friends.” Matthews Urges Unity Speaking as a Socialist, J. B. Matthews roused the extraordinary feeling of solidarity which pervaded the meting to n immense pitch by declaring: “The outstanding need that faces us is the need for work ing class unity. We are committeed to that unity that includes the most timid liberal up to the revolution ary vanguard of the working class.” An extraordinary wave of feel ing and enthusiasm swept over the meeting, with thousands of work ers rising to their feet cheering, as Matthews declared: “We can unite to build a party of the work ing class, and this party must in- j elude the Communist Party. We will refuse to recognize any other party that does not so include.” “We must unite to defend the Soviet Union without any ‘ifs,’ ‘ands,’ or ‘buts’,” Matthews con tinued. “We must unite against im perialist war, against the further impoverishment of the American j people. Our bill is the Workers Bill, j the Lundeen Bill. This is the time ! for looking forward, and we can j accomplish this unity if we hew to j the task.” Frank Palmer, journalist and member of the International Typo- ; graphical Union, speaking in the name of organized labor, declared; "A customer with a billion dollars worth of jobs for American labor knocks on our doors, and the Wash ington officials slam the door in his face.” “Organized labor,” Palmer cried, "resents that kind of treat- j ment, resents this cold-blooded at- I tltude toward American labor.” “Scab No. 1” “We, in the trade unions, call j Hearst ‘America’s Scab Number One’,” Palmer declared. “Hearst hates organized labor. In the Soviet Union there is the most powerful trade union movement In the world. American organized labor will not stand for a war against the U. S.! S. R. Organized labor warns 'Don't try that war’.” An ovation greeted James Water man Wise as he rapped Hearst’s al leged "Americanism.” “These war mongers offer us a choice. Either America or the Soviet Union, they say. But this is a false choice. The choice is between militarism and peace, between reaction and prog ress. We say to them you shall not j Nazify America, you shall not Hit- j lerize mankind. The campaign of Hearst is a campaign against the American people. It menaces us with war abroad and tyranny at home. This campaign must be crushed. In rejecting this false Hearst ‘Americanism,’ we pledge the love and loyalty of the American people to the people of the Soviet Union.” Dr. Reuben Young of the League of Struggle for Negro Rights stressed the hope which the U.S.S.R. holds for all oppressed nationalities, showing by its example how to solve the national question. Dr. Charles Kuntz, in the name of the Icor, organization working ! with the U.S.S.R. in building Biro- j Bidjan, an autonomous Jewish i region, protested against the Hearst | campaign. The audience contributed $2,300 to the campaign in defense of j the Soviet Union, and unani mously adopted three resolutions, one to Roosevelt demanding the resumption of trade negotiations, and support for the peace policy of the U.S.S.R., one to Senator Pitman of the Foreign Relations I Committee with similar demands, and one to Mlchail Kalinin, Presi dent of the All-Union Congress of Soviets, pledging complete sup port of the Soviet peace policy and work for the resumption of nor- j mal trade relations. 1 did not yet demand an indepen- j dent proletarian class policy: they rather preferred to accept the guardianship of an opposition party of the petty bourgeoisie.” The role of the American Federa tion of Labor bureaucrats in rela tion to the developing political cur- j rents is explained by the Commu nist International in clear terms and holds as well today as it did ten years ago. It would be a serious mistake for j us to confuse the Farmer-Labor Party of Minnesota with our objec tive. While that party had Its ori gin in the revolt of farmers, middle class people and workers against the two old parties, it survived only as a third capitalist party, although it uses a name that makes a popular appeal in that chiefly agricultural state. F. L. P. Defends Capitalism The Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party continued to carry out all the essentia] policies of the capitalist class and shifted the burden of the crisis on the workers and poor farm ers. During the strike of truckmen in the Twin Cities last summer, Olson, the Farmer-Labor Governor, sent National Guards against the strikers. More recently, in the strike of auto mechanics in Minne apolis, workers were shot down. The Farmer-Labor representatives in Washington cannot be distinguished from any of the others by the way they vote. They are fully behind the “New Deal,” as is Governor Olson. Even in the early days the working class was not a predomi nant force within that party, al though its trade union leaders co operated with the middle class, rich farmer and independent capitalist elements within it. The Minnesota party resembles very much the sec ond type mentioned in the Central Committee resolution. With several political currents de PEORIA SOCIALISTS, COMMUNISTS ASSAIL LAW AGAINST TOILERS Bosses Spur Wage Cut Plan (Continued from Page 1) today. The Senators’ mail, many j admitted, contained as many, if not ! more, demands for union and pre vailing wages than “support the* j President” pleas. Congressional j leaders were pondering some new maneuver to carry out the wage cutting program of the White House. At the same time, the House Ways I and Means Committee let It be ! known that the Roosevelt “Social ! Security” bill, the pseudo-unem ployment-insurance measure advo cated to stall off the Workers’ Un employment and Social Insurance Bill, has been drastically amended, to make It even more openly anti unemployment-security. Great cate gories of workers, such as farm and domestic labor, have been removed forever from the already restricted scope of the bill. The Ways and Means Committee made these changes in secret sessions. It ex pects to bring the Roosevelt bill out on the floor next week. At that time, unless a special gag rule is applied, it will be open to pro posals for amendment or substitu tion. A. F. of L. Heads In Huddle WASHINGTON. Feb. 26.—Seven members of the Executive Council of the American Federation of Labor went into conference this afternoon to plan their next move in labor’s clash with President Roosevelt in the “prevailing wagev issue. Protests Flood Washington WASHINGTON, Feb. 26—A move ment to force the work relief bill back onto the Senate floor developed today as labor throughout the coun try besieged Washington demand ing the payment of union wages on all work relief. The A. F. of L. executive committee was called to gether by William Green, who yes terday received a telegram from the Unemployment Councils stating that the Councils were calling upon all their affiliated organizations to arrange huge local mass meetings with existing A. F. of L. bodies in the fight for union wages and con ditions on the relief projects. Roosevelt, who a year and a half ago had said that “it seems to me equally plain that no business which depends for its existence in paying less than living wages’to its work ers has any right to continue to exist,” was reported at Hyde Park today as confident that his proposal for a slave wage could go through. Councils Urge Mass Meetings The “prevailing wage” clause was outlined in a recent confidential report to its members by the New York State Economic Council. Under its definition, in New York State, the Commissioner of Labor would be empowered to set “prevail ing wages” by averaging those paid in 40 per cent of the establishments in a given locality. No restrictions would be placed upon his choice open shops and lowest paid could be chosen. As opposed to any "prevailing wage” rates, the Unemployment Councils called upon all groups to initiate mass meetings in all local ities for pushing forward labor's demand for the prevailing trade union rates on all work relief. The Councils called further for individ ual and mass resolutions and tele grams on Washington demanding the trade union rates. veloping as a result of the disinte gration within the Democratic and Republican parties, and confusing the workers, it would be a mis take merely to call for a Labor Party. Under certain conditions even the La Follettes and Greens would agree to such a name. Green is already making such a "threat.” We aim for a Labor Party built from below. In the same manner as we raise the slogan for rank and file control in the unions go we aim for a Labor Party controlled In the locals and labor organizations. Otherwise it will not prove to be a means for training the workers for independent political Rction. As in the case of the English Labor Party, reactionaries on top will be able to throw the support of the workers to the capitalist hunger and war pro gram. The Central Commitee says on this point: “The Communists enter the movement for a Labor Party only with the purpose of helping the masses to break away from the bourgeois and Social-reformist parties and to find the path to a revolutionary class struggle.” While, as the Communist Inter national pointed out. in 1924 the movement for a genuine Labor Party still proved too weak to sur vive, during the decade since, im portant political changes have taken place in the United States. These contribute greatly towards strength ening the forces which make for a genuine Labor Party, and develop ing the class consciousness of the working class. Our Party, of course, will not stand aside and let the capitalist politicians and labor bu reaucrats again mislead the work ers from an independent class pol - Our Party can and must guide this trend into channels that will , actually lead to a real Labor Party. | (To be concluded tomorrow.) United Front Parley Maps Vigorous Plan Against Measure SPRINGFIELD, 111., Feb. 26. Delegates from many trade unions, language groups, the Socialist Party of Peoria, 111., the Communist Party of Illinois and other organizations met here in a united front con ference on Sunday to plan a vigor ous Statewide campaign for the re peal of the Illinois criminal syn dicalism law. Coming to the conference from every section of the State, in some cases traveling hundreds of miles, the delegate represented a real cross section of the American working class, including native white and Negro men and women and representatives from various language groups, Greek, Scandina vian, Russian. Finnish, Lithuanian, Polish, Jewish, etc. Unions Represented Trade union representatives in j eluded miners, painters, bakers, coopers and cigarmakers from eight American Federation of Labor Lo cals, totalling some 6,000 members; the Progressive Miners Union and its Women’s Auxiliaries, together with representatives from various unemployed organizations. The conference was also attended by the Communist Councilmen of Taylor Springs, 111., as official rep resentatives of the Taylor Springs City Council. The Red Bird Base ball Club and Firemen’s Local of Taylor Springs also sent delegates. The conference elected -a com mittee of ten to go before Illinois State Legislature« to demand the repeal of the criminal syndicalist statute. The delegates unanimously pledged to mobilize- their .organi zations for the following program: (1) holding -of mass open hearings on the law, inviting legislators from each district to attend; (2) further development of the campaign of protest resolutions to . the Governor, State Senators and Assemblymen; (3) inclusion of a “Repeal the Criminal Syndicalist Law” section in every May Day celebration and parade ; (4) wide sale of, “Repeal the Criminal Syndicalist Law” but tons. Andrew Newhoff, District Secre tary of the International Labor De fense, in the main report to the conference pointed out that the law “threatens all workers who exercise their constitutional rights of free speech, press and assemblage in order to improve their conditions.” Delegates reviewed the wide spread use of the 'criminal syndi calist laws since: the introduction of the N.R.A., particularly in Cali fornia, Oregon and Illinois; as well as the traditional use of frame-ups of working-class fighters and the oppressed Negro people, such as Mooney, McNamara,. Billings, the Scottsboro Boys. Protests against these frame-ups were sent to the responsible authorities and warm letters of solidarity to the victims in the penitentiaries. Assail Deportations Deportations and other attacks on foreign-born workers were pro tested and demands made for the dismissal of the charges against Eric Becker and Fred Werrman facing deportation to Nazi Ger many. Other anti-labor laws, now being introduced in the Illinois State Legislature and the XL S. Congress, such as the "pauper laws,” de mands for teachers to take the “patriotism oath,” etc., were pro tested by the conference. Delegates to the conferenc car rid on a sharp fight against the practices of jim-crowism and seg regation with which the State cap ital, Springfield, is infested, and compelled several jim-crow restau rants to serve the Negro delegates. Exports of Scrap Iron Set All-Time Record; Japan Big Customer (Daily Worker Washington . Bureau) WASHINGTON. D. C.. Feb. 26. Exports of scrap iron and steel from the United States during 1934 set a new all-time record of 1,835,554 gross tons, the Iron and Steel Divi sion of the Department of Com merce announced today.. This com pares with 773,406 gross tons in 1933, an increase of 1,062,148 tons. U. S. scrap iron Is .being .used chiefly by Japati for war preparations pur poses. These figures emphasize the threat of the Japanese war preparations against the Soviet Union. Japan took “1,168,796 gross tons or ap proximately 63 per cent of the year’s foreign sales of scrap,” the Com merce Department stated, The Commerce Department an nouncement reflected also the ex tensive military railroad building program now being initiated by Japan in “Manchukuo” and other parts of China. Railway Men Support Auto Workers’ Strike at Plant in Waukegan WAUKEGAN, 111., Feb. 26.—The splendid support given to strikers of the Johnson Motors Corporation here by employees of the Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway and by members of other labor unions here, will force a quick victory for the strikers it is anticipated. The auto workers, members of the United Automobile Workers Federal local, went on strike after the discharge of three workers for union activity and. refusal by the company to recognize the union. An entire shift came out. The : walkout of the second shift was J prevented by the activity of a com* I pany spy.