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Sell the Daily Worker at Membership Meetings of Your Fraternal Organizations! Press Run Yesterday—7s,loo Vol XII, No. 51 DRIVE ON TO KILL PREVAILING PAY ISSUE Decision inWeirton Steel Case Upholds Company Unionism FISHER BODY REJECTS AUTO UNION DEMANDS, THREATENS WORKERS Judge Calls 7-A ‘Void and Unconstitutional,’ Attacks Union WILMINGTON. Del., Feb. 27. Federal Judge John P. Nields’ de cision holding Section 7-A of the N. R„ A. “unconstitutional and void” as applied to the Weirton Co., upholds all terroristic acts of the Weir Steel Co. company union at Weirton, W. Va., and attacks the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers (A. F. of L.). The Weir Co. is a subsidiary of the National Steel Corporation. This company made a net pront of over six million dollars in 1934. as com pared to a net profit of $2,812,407 in 1933, more than doubling its net profit under the company union regime. The decision of the federal cir cuit court judge denied the applica tion of the government for an in junction to force an election super vised by the National Labor Board, in the company plants supervised by the N.R.A. The company forced its employes to join the company union on pain of dismissal. Company Union Upheld Regarding the company union, Nields stated that it ' proved effec tive and satisfactory." He claimed that the fact that the company union representatives are paid an extra $25 a month by the company did not show that the management had influenced decisions of the company union, characterizing these company officials as “fearless and independent.” The grounds on which Nields de clared Section 7-A of N. R. A. Ille gal were that the steel company does not manufacture goods for in terstate commerce, that it turns out a product different from the raw material taken in. Most industries would come under this decision, if it is upheld by the U. S. Supreme Court, to which it will be appealed. The decision comes at the mo ment when the Amalgamated As sociation of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers (A. F. of L.) is conducting an organization drive and prepar ing for strike in the industry, Nields’ decision violently attacks the Amalgamated Association, de claring that it has few members. Company Terrorism The company union was installed in the Weirton plant in June, 1933, the very month the N.R.A. went into effect. In September, under the domination of the company union conditions grew so terrible, that the workers led by the Amal gamated Association, carried through a strike in the plant. Both before and after this strike it was through the company union that the most vicious union-smashing campaign was carried on. The union members were fired, black listed, and in a number of cases badly beaten up by company gun men. Weirton is one of the most (Continued on Page 2) Butler Strikers Unite Strikers of the National Biscuit Company are making a united front with the strikers of the James Butler chain of grocery stores on the picket line. Yesterday morning, when Butler pickets came to the headquarters of the Inside Bakery Workers Fed eral Union at 245 West 14th Street, a large number of Nabisco workers joined them, so that at least one of each of the two striking unions now appears at each of the stores. Window's of three Jersey City stores receiving N. B. C. products were smashed yesterday. Two of them Atlantic and Pacific stores, are at 369 Van Duzer Street. Stapleton, and at 332 Jersey Street New Brighton. The third is the Roulston stsore at 501 Jewett Avenue, West Brighton. In the latter case a bread box was hurled through the window. Nine protessional strikebreakers arrested Tuesday in Jersey City proved to be known criminals who have been convicted of highway robbery and similar crimes. They were supplied to the National Bis cuit Company by the National Detective Agency of Elizabeth, N. J. These criminals had dangerous weapons w'hen arrested, and are held for a Grand Jury hearing. Jersey City police claim they are "fully capable of handling the sit uation.'’ and don’t want the “pro fessionals.” ejfHfeto 36 Entered as second-clas* matter at the Post Office at New York, N. Y., under the Act of March 8, 1878. Cleveland Plant Head Talks of Reducing Production By Sandor Yoros (Daily Worker Ohio Bureau) CLEVELAND. Ohio. Feb. 27. Attempting to stem the growing success of the United Auto Work ers Union to organize the plant. Ed ward T. Fisher, general manager of the Fisher Body Co., flatly rejected all demands of the A. F. of L. union, confirmed the “open shop” principle and threatened to limit the opera tion of the Cleveland plant if "agi tation” among the employes con tinues. Faced with the overwhelming de feat of the company union in Fri day’s election, W'ith a majority of the workers boycotting the elections, casting blank ballots or voting for no affiliation, the company Is now employing tactics, like those used by A. and P. stores in the recent strike, to frighten workers away from the union. Eight thousand copies of the company’s statement are ordered to be distributed by the company, asking workers to abide by the last (Continued on Page 2) Defense Gains In Sacramento By Michael Quin (Special to the Dally Worker) SACRAMENTO, Calif., Feb, 27. The collapse of the framed-up tes timony against the Sacramento de fendants being tried here on a charge of violating the California criminal syndicalism law yesterday forced the court to drop count five of the indictment in regard to all the defendants, and count one for ! four of the defendants, Lorrine | Norman, Harry Colentz, William ! Huffine and Jack Warnick. Count five charged the de j fendants with overt acts of violence and advocacy of Individual violence and force in the strike struggles of vegetable pickers and agricultural | laborers here last year. Count one 1 pertains to the teaching of Com | munism. This count is continued against Albert Hougardy, section organizer of the Communist Party, and ten other defendants. Leo L, Gallagher, International Labor Defense attorney, had moved that both counts be dropped against all of the defendants for lack of evidence by the prosecution to sub stantiate its charges. A new vicious lie given to the local press, by McAllister, claiming that the Communist Party has given orders to exact revenge on the stool-pigeons who testified for the prosecution, is seen here as the forerunner of a possible new frame up to strengthen the collapsing edi fice of the prosecution’s case. Most of yesterday's session was occupied with testimony by Sam Darcy, Communist candidate for Governor of California in the re cent elections, on the program of the Communist Party, and its re lentless opposition to individual acts of violence. The defense method ically disproved each charge in the indictment by having Darcy read from ’ Communist pamphlets, in cluding "Preparing for Revolt,” “On Eve of October,” “Tasks of the Proletariat in Our Revolution,” “The October Revolution,” etc. Socialist Legislator Urges Connecticut Ijoyalty Oath ’ HARTFORD. Conn.. Feb. 26.—1 t was left for a Socialist legislator to do what no Republican or Democrat would dare do to right now to propose a “loyalty oath" for the teachers of Connecticut. Harry G. Bender, Socialist repre sentative from Bridgeport, the baili wick of Mayor Jasper McLevy, has introduced such a bill Into the lower house of the state legislature. Hear ings on the measure will begin be fore the Education Committee of the General Assembly at 2 P. M. to morrow. Mr. Bender's bill calls for “An appropriate oath of loyalty to the government of the United States of America and to the state of Connecticut and their institu tions shall be required of all fac ulty members and employee of the Dailu^HiWorker CCfTTIAI Oft CAN COMMUNIST MftTY U.S.A. (SCCTION Os COMMUNIST INTIftNATfONAL) DETROIT BILL AIMS TO SPIKE LABOR VOTE Measure Backed by Council Would Make Nominees Pay Fee (Sperial to the Daily Worker) DETROIT, Feb. 27. —The Detroit City ' Council last night rushed through a vicious anti-labor amend ment to the City Charter designed to keep workers and workers' par ties off the ballot. The amendment provides that instead of submitting j signatures, all candidates for city j office must pay a fee of $lOO for a 1 salaried office and $5O for an office involving no salary. The vote on the amendment was seven to two, Councilmen Edward Jeffries, Jr., and Van Antwerp opposing it. The amendment must now be ap proved by the voters in the elections April, to become law. Adopted by Council I The City Council adopted the ; amendment despite protests made by a joint committee of the So ; cialist and Communist Parties, and | by the Detroit and Wayne County I Federation of Labor on Monday, i Max Salzman, of the Communist Party addressed the City Council | demanding rejection of the amend ment as rich man's legislation and | an attack on the civil rights of the i workers. Yesterday each councilman re ceived a letter from the Detroit and Wayne County Federation of Labor, signed by its president, Frank X. Martel, urging rejection. Sugar Flays Measure Maurice Sugar, prominpnt labor attorney and labor candidate for Judge of Recorder's Court, also de i nounced the amendment in an in terview with the Daily Worker. The representative of the Com munist Party on the joint commit tee has declared himself in favor of organizing a broad mass cam paign to secure the defeat of the amendment by the voters. The Wayne County executive committee of the Socialist Party will meet next Monday night to decide the ques ! tion of its further participation in | this movement. If the decision is favorable, the joint committee will meet next Tuesday night to take up the next steps. Building Men To Weigh Pact While representatives of the realty j owners in the garment center and officials of the union were busy yes terday going through the agreement reached and shaping the contract to be officially signed in Mayor La Guardia’s office, the Building Ser vice Employees Union announced that it is proceeding in "getting the ; house in order.” A meeting of shop stewards of apartment houses was called by the union for 8 o’clock tonight in the Labor Temple, 247 East 84th Street. As it stands today the settlement for apartment houses is based on ; the Curran award, namely $7O-$9O a month. The meeting will deal with the classification of the build ings in this category. Leaders of the union are expected to "explain” | the award to the apartment house workers. James J. Bambrick, president of the union, will report on the gar ! ment district settlement at a mass ! meeting called for tomorrow night at the Star Casino, 105 East 107th 1 Street. public schools and state Institu tions, colleges and seminaries of or under the supervision and con trol of this state, such oath to be in writing and filed as a requisite of such membership and employ ment.” Widespread indignation has met the proposed bill. Conservative school boards, composed of old New England Republicans, have pro tested against the measure. Within the Socialist Party more than one voice has been raised in opposition to this reactionary proposal. In in troducing the bill, many Socialists feel. Bender is setting the pace for reaction in this state. Bender is a member of the Mc- Levy faction in the Socialist Party, the controlling group in the State Executive Committee. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1955 Fight for Thaelmann, Is Appeal of Dimitroff ; George Dimitroff Ernst Thaelmann On Dual Anniversary of Liberation and Reichstag Fire, Heroic Communist Calls for United Struggle to Free All Anti-Fascists (Special to the Daily Worker) MOSCOW. Feb. 27 (By Wireless. ! —The struggle for the release of Ernst Thaelmann, the imprisoned ; leader of the German workers and of the Communist Party of Ger many, is the natural continuation jof the victorious struggle in the great Reichstag fire trial, George ; Dimitroff, the leading defendant of the trial, wrote today. Two years ago today the Nazi set flames of the Reichstag build ing in Berlin were the signal for Hitler’s bloody onslaught against j tens of thousands of the best flght ' ers of the German working class. : One year ago today Dimitroff, Vassil Taneff and Blagoi Fopoff. | landed by plane in Moscow, liber ; ated from the Nazi dungeon by the I Soviet Government, which made them citizens and forced Hitler to I let them go. They, with Ernst \ Torgler. had turned the Nazi ‘trial’ in which they were accused of the fire, into an indictment and defeat of the Hitler regime, forcing their acquittal. “Firebrands Rule Germany” “Those things which I stated be fore the court,” Dimitroff wrote to day, “should be shouted to the whole world today. The Reichstag j was fired by the German fascists, using the unfortunate Van der I Lubbe as a tool. The real inspirers and organizers of the fire un doubtedly now occupy the govern ing posts in Germany, j "I said this a year ago on the evening of that day when we were : liberated at last and stepped on I the soil of our socialist fatherland. Today, one year after our libera-j tion, two years after the firing of Two Ministers Forced to Quit Cuban Cabinet HAVANA. Cuba. Feb. 27.—The rising struggles of the Cuban mass es, sharply expressed by the general strike of the Cuban students and teachers, yesterday produced a fur ther cleavage right in the Mendieta government. During the past 24 hours, the revolutionary pressure of the masses precipitated a political crisis in the Cabinet with the res ignation of Dr. Cosme de la Tor riente. Secretary of State, and Dr. Cardenas, Secretary of Justice and the Interior. The latest suppressive and terror ist measure applied by the Men dieta-Batista regime under the guidance and dictates of the Wall Street Ambassador Caffery, came ; to a head with the meteing out of savage sentences yesterday morning in Emergency Court No. 1 to the editors of the anti-imperialist or gan. "Masas." Dr. Juan Marinello. Joaquin Car dozo, Regino Pedroso. Jose Valdes. Jose Chelala and Leonardo Sanchez, who are also editors of the anti imperialist daily newspaper La Pa labra, were given prison terms. This sentence has increased the mass indignation as 2.000 students and workers surrounded the court during the trial and indignantly shouted, “This is open fascism.” Po lice were unable to drive them away until they charged into them firing tear gas guns. Under the leadership of the Com munist Party and the National Con federation of Labor, advances are being made in building a national anti-imperialist front. A significant fact is the support given by the ag rarian petty-bourgeois party P.A.N.. whose leader. Vergara. px-Mavor of Havana under President Grau San Martin, came out openly in support (Continued on Pagt 2) ] the Recihstag, this statement is confirmed by new documents, among which not the least important is the well-known letter of Karl Ernst. Nazi Disintegration “Following the contemptible In cendiarism of the Reichstag came | the Bartholemew’s night of June i 30. During the bloody inner quar rels of German fascism those carry ing out the provocation of the fire were murdered by their high clients. The true face of Nazism is today ; clearer than ever. “Since then the disintegration within the ranks of the National- Socialists has become greater. Thousands of deceived supporters of the Nazis are today fighting against the fascist dictatorship on the side of the workers and peas ants in the ranks of the growing proletarian united front, the in itiator and driving force of which is the Communist Party of Ger many, led by its imprisoned leader, Ernst Thaelmann. “Fascism suffered a heavy defeat at Leipzig.” Dimitroff stressed. “It will meet its final defeat as a re sult of the united class struggle of the German proletariat and peas antry, which ultimately signifies the liberation of the German people from the barbarous rule of Thyssen and Krupp and the establishment of a Soviet government. United Fight Will Free Thaelmann “A tremendous victory over fas cism was represented by our ac quittal, and our liberation was really the result of the formation of a fighting united front against (Continued on Page 2) Labor to Fight Ban on Pickets By Cotillo The ruling of Supreme Court Jus tice Cutillo banning picketing at retail establishments will be ap pealed to a higher court, Harry Nemser, attorney for Local 107 of the Retail Cloak. Suit, Dress and Fur Salespeople's Union, announced yesterday. He further declared that the entire labor movement will be called upon to give support in the fight against the Injunction. The New York A, F. of L. Trade Union Committee for Unemploy ment Insurance In a statement j vigorously condemned the Cotillo ruling. Denies Right To Strike “This injunction." the commit tee declared, “which denies the elementary rights of labor unions to picket, hits at the very foun dation of trade unionism. Taking away the right to picket actually means taking away ihe right to strike and nullifies the labor unions which are the means through which the workers are trying to get a better livelihood.” To Press Fight The committee in calling for a mass struggle to smash the injunc tion, announced that at its regular meeting at Irving Plaza at 1 p. m. Saturday, it will take up the issue with the unions represented. The Joint Board of the Dress and Waistmakers of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, representing 100,000 organized workers in New York, adopted a resolution condemning the injunc tion as a denial on the Constitu tional rights of workers to organize, i Spokesmen of manufacturers de clared that the ruling nf the fascist, j Cotillo is particularly timely as at the present moment there Is a gen eral movement for unionizing the retail trade*. i BACK STRIKE, U.M.W.A. MEN ARE URGED Coal Comjnjny Presses to Evict Strikers from Homes (Special to the Daily Worker) WILKES-BARRE. Pa.. Feb. 27. In a statement issued today by the | Rank and File committee of mem ! bera of the United Mine Workers of : America in the Lance and Notting ham collieries of the Glen Alden i Coal Company, an appeal is ad dressed to all U. M W. A, members j not to work under police protection , and to back the strike. The statement is being distributed I among the workers. It condemns i the officials of the U. M. W. A. for their efforts to break the strike which is under the leadership of the United Anthracite Miners of Pennsylvania. The workers are reminded that j the troopers and coal company agents were never “friends” of the | workers, and that their pretense , now for “building” the U. M. W. of | A. is only to win support towards j smashing all militant unionism in j the Anthracite. The strike of the Glen Alden mln : e:s was more effective today and the company in its usual radio an nouncement does not even make its usual claims for gains, as it did re cently. It is now apparent that most of the scabs have been brought in from other regions, as few local j people would work under protec ! tion of the State Trooper*. Miners who were Intimidated by U. M. W of A. officials to go to work have reported that it is be coming increasingly more dangerous ! to work with the scabs as most of them know nothing about mining. The sentiment among the miners of both unions for unity against the coal operators is now' in evidence throughout the region and impor tant developments are expected any moment. While the company is bringing more pressure to force the eviction of the Wanamie strikers from its houses, the attorney of the work ers is making efforts for a counter injunction to stall the company. More Ohrbach Pickets Freed One hundred and twenty-seven pickets arrested at the Ohrbach de partment store on Union Square during the ten weeks that the strike was in progress were dis missed yesterday by Magistrate Mi chael J. Ford of Essex Market Court. This brings the total number of dismissals of arrested Ohrbach pickets to 249 In two days. Another group will appear for trial today. Among those dismissed was a group of marine worke-s, but the largest number were students. Members of the Fur Dyers and Trimmers Industrial Union will help the Ohrbach strikers in a mass picket line at 5:30 tonight. All court visitors will also join following adjournment. Another Record WASHINGTON. Fen. 27.—One year and a half after P.W.A. began administering a $150,000,000 fund to provide low-rental housing for small-income people, officials dis closed today that exactly 124 fam ilies have been housed in such projects. United Front Labor Ticket Polls Strong Vote in Chicago (Daily Worker Midwest Bureau) CHICAGO. 111.. Feb. 27.—1 n the aldermanic elections held here yes terday, the Communist-supported workers’ candidates showed large gains over previous elections, de spite the fact that less than 45 per cent of the registered voters par ticipated at the polls. The highest vote for the workers’ candidates was received by Martin Miskerik, in the 21st Ward, with 861 votes. He defeated two inde pendent candidates and ran third. The second largest vote was re ceived by James Hauffman. Negro worker, in the Fourth Ward, with 682 votes. Other wards where the workers’ eandidates received substantial sup port were the 36th Ward, with 436 votes for Pfriffer: 40 th Ward, with 313 for Dolinky. Tenth Ward, with NATIONAL EDITION WORK RELIEF BILL STANDS DEADLOCKED; FARMERS DEMAND FEED Bring Starving Horse Pig and Cow to State Legislature ST. PAUL. Feb. 27 (UP).—Des perately needy farmers from the arid plains of Western Minnesota brought three starving, hollow-eyed animals to the door of the state capitol today to prove to legislators that they must have food immedi ately. Within a few’ hours after a group of farmers had brought three gaunt animals to the steps of the state house to emphasize the seriousness of their plight, a bill providing Im mediate appropriation of $500,000 for feed w»as introduced in the senate, passed by a unanimous vote and rushed to the House. The farmers rode into St. Paul last night in a cattle truck. In the back were a thin pig, on whose shanks was hardly enough ham to go with two eggs, a bony cow and a horse so lean “vou could hang your hat on his hips.” Tells of Conditions The farmers were led by Luke Keating, big Stone County agricul turist. "How bad is the situation out there?” Keating repeated in reply (Continued on Page 2) Student Strike Will Hit War A nationwide strike of students opposed to the growing preparations for war and the menace of fascism w’ill take place on April 12 In the leading colleges and universities of the country, it was announced yes terday by a special united front students’ committee. The strike, to last one hour, is expected to involve at least 100,000 students in 100 institutions, as well as more than 20,000 high school students. The strike call will be supported by the following student groups: the National Council of Methodist Youth, which has 1,000.000 mem bers, the Midde Atantic Division of the Inter-Seminary Conference with members In twenty-six sem inary schools, the Student League For Industrial Democracy, the Na tional Student League, and the Youth Section of the American League Against War and Fascism. Last year 25,000 students acted in such a strike. This year a vastly greater number are expected to answer the call, Many requests have been received from high schools for inclusion in the strike. James Lerner, chairman of the Youth Section of the American League Against War and Fascism, stated yesterday that “this strike w'ill be a convincing demonstration that the American student is be coming increasingly aware of the war plans of the war makers, and the American student body will not submit meekly to these reactionary plans. The recent decision of the Supreme Court upholding the right to enforce military training in the schools, the proposal by Chief of Staff MacArthur to enlist C.C.C. youths into an army reserve show the direction of the war plans as they affect the youth. The strike will be a powerful expression of the united front w’hich the students are forging to combat the militarization of the schools and of American life.” 1 241 votes for Stovker, and 19th Ward, with 108 votes for David Young. Negro candidate. The Communist-supported Negro i candidate, Fred Morris, who broke away from the Republican Party and endorsed the full Communist supported ticket and platform, re ceived 1,271 votes in the Second Ward. In the 38th Ward, the Commu nist-supported George Koop, So cialist candidate who disregarded the sabotage decision of the execu tive committee of the Socialist Party and entered the united front, received 486 votes. In the primaries. Mayor Edward I. Kelly won the Democratic nom ination for Mayor to succeed him self. The total vote cast for the Democrats was over half a million, with 110,000 for tha Republicans. (Six Pages) Price 3 Cents Nve to Ask Probe of N. R. A. Effect on Small Business (Daily Wnrker Washington Bureaa) WASHINGTON. D. C.. Feb. 27. A campaign to enact a direct relief appropriation and temporarily for get about the work-relief proposal with its bitterly controverted “pre vailing wage" amendment gathered ! storm today. However. Roosevelt ; spokesmen still indicated that they j are waiting for the President to take the responsibility for the next move in the Administration’s drive to clear the wav for new wage-cuts by slashing wmrk-relief par. Chairman Glass of the Senate Appropriations Committee told your i correspondent he is considering “separating” relief from the work relief proposal, but even this staunch defender of the Roosevelt SSO-a-month "security wage” added: "The President put a stop to the enactment of the measure—it’s up to him to start it again.” As the work-relief bill stood thus deadlocked, the Senate was in recess, the House dawdled with a depart mental appropriation, and the legis lators generally fixed their attention on the Federal Court decision hold ing the famous Section 7-A. the “col'ective bargaining” promise of the N.1.R.A., unconstitutional. To Remodel Blue Eagle In this connection Senators Pat McCarran 1 Dem, Nevada) and Ger ald Nye (Rep.. North Dakota) an nounced they will demand tomorrow an “independent” investigation of the effects of the N.R.A, upon la bor and small business. They em phasized, however, that their object is to "rebuild” N.R.A. —which means to rebuild worker illusions in the union-smashing, trust-busting New Deal mechanism. The anti-collective bargaining de ' cision by Judge John P. Nields. of Wilmington. Del., in the famous Weirton Steel case, upheld the com pany union as a perfectly satisfac tory organization for "collective bar -1 gaining” despite the fact that the company paid the “employe repre sentatives” $25 a month. The Department of Justice, which instituted the suit to help to pre vent a strike by the steel workers, said it “probably” would appeal the decision of the Supreme Court. This would merely mean further court dallying in a further effort to re build illusions. “The decision just tossed another New Deal job to do into the lan of the Supreme Court.” Senator Nye commented. Indicating his con vie - , tion that this body would hold 7a unconstitutional. Nye added that when legislation to extend the N. R. A. for two years is written, as ordered by President Roosevelt, Sec tion 7a “must be clarified, strength ened and included.” “Isn’t it pretty obvious bv now that it was the purpose of the N. I. R. A. originally to merely prom ise ‘collective bargaining’ to put over the union-smashing and (Continued on Page 2) Butler Strikers Picket Stores Striking employees of the James Butler Grocery Sores yesterday maintained picketing at virtually all stores of the comDanv in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx, union officials announced yesterday. Among the places picketed was | the home of James Butler, at 56 E. 82nd Street. About fifty men with placards stating that Butler Com pany is unfair to labor, refuses to recognize the union, exploits its workers, etc., marched in front of his residence Several arrests of pickets were reported. A strike of the Daniel Reeves Grocery chain employees is im minent. and all preparations are be ing made to call out the employees of the chain any moment, Martin B. K.vne president of the union stated yesterday. The ballot of the workers on the strike, still coming in shows that the sentiment for a strike is certain. The Reeves Company on the other hand shows no inclina tions for a settlement. Cooperation with the strikers 1* reported from all neighborhoods. Scabs now in the stores have been supplied by the Val O'Doole Detec tive Agency. The stores are doing very little business according to th# i reports.