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Hearst Wants Reign of Terror In Schools , Says Glenn Frank Educators Back Beard in Condemnation of Anti-Labor Drive ATLANTIC CITY, Feb. 27.—More than 5.000 schools will be compelled to close by March 1 if no financial aid is received, while last year 3.500.000 children had their classes shut down for lack of funds. These facts, reported here yester day at the convention of the Na lonal Educators Association shed additional light on the enthusiastic reception given earlier to Dr. Charles A. Beard's denunciation of William Randolph Hearst's anti labor drive in the schools. Discussing the proposed “investi gation against radicalism in the schools,” Dr. Glenn Frank, presi dent of the University of Wisconsin, warned that such investigations “create an atmosphere of terror which if unopposed, means the end of everything approaching a sound, reasoned thinking which makes a great university.” Under ‘lnvestigation' The University of Wisconsin is now under such an “investigation,” which, Dr. Frank charges, was directly instigated by William Ran dolph Hearst. The 5.000 assembled educators ■ listened in vain for any sign that j Roosevelt was planning to provide Federal funds for the schools. On the contrary, his spokesman at the meeting, Jesse Jones, bringing a letter from Roosevelt to the conven tion, specifically opposed such Fed eral aid. Funds for War. No R.F.C. funds would be granted ! for state schools, Jones declared. The P.W.A. has granted close to a billion dollars for war preparations already. The economic program of Roose- j velt was attacked as "madhouse I economics,” by James C. Bay, super intendent of schools in Easton, Pa, Protest Cards Urged To Aid Scottsboro! The immediate task of organized labor in New York City within the j next two weeks is to flood into Washington at least 50,000 protest cards demanding the immediate un- . constitutional release of the nine: innocent Scottsboro boys and An gelo Herndon, the New York Dis- ; trict of the I.L.D. stated yesterday. | “Every honest fighter must now be warned against just sitting by trust- j ing to the fairness of the U. S. Su- ■ preme Court,” the statement said,! and continued: “Every trade union local, workers club, all branches of fraternal and cultural organizations, j women's and youth organizations, | churches, lodges and societies, etc., must immediately redouble their ef forts to carry out their share of j this task. "The following tasks should be undertaken by all organizations: a). Each organization to imme diately adopt a protest resolution to be sent to the U. S. Supreme Court; b). Each organization im mediately to get a quantity of pro test cards for distribution among your membership. All materials are to be gotten from the New York District 1.L.D., 22 E. 17th St., Room 514. "The critical need of funds to j carry through these cases (Hern don's hearings come up in March in the U. S. Supreme Court, and the New York District I.L.D. at the 1 present time is preparing briefs to file the appeal in the Clide Allen case). j demands once again the unreserved support of all workers’ organiza tions. In spite of all obstacles, the \ funds must be raised. Certainly j now after almost four years of con- j tinuous struggle, whatever may be the need for funds, it can be raised and must be raised.” Waiting for City Aid, Aged Jobless Worker Drops Dead of Hunger Jack Silver, a 65-year-old unem- j ployed worker, dropped dead from I hunger late Tuesday night at Grand and Essex streets. Ten days ago Silver applied to . the Unemployment Council to help him get relief. His case was taken < up immediately. As a single worker,! under the new LaGuardia policy, j he was referred to the single men’s division at 59 Leonard Ave., where all cases of unattached persons are handled. Almost endless red tape and de lay resulted. Finally, two days ago,' an investigator visited him and promised that relief would be given, f Death did not wait for the city’s belated action. Insurance Bill Offered In Michigan Would Bar Strikers from Benefits LANSING. Mich . Feb. 27.—A so called unemployment insurance bill j in line with President Roosevelt’s fake security program has been in troduced ifito the State Legislature. The bill has been drafted with the assistance of Dr. William Haber, state emergency welfare adminis trator, and evidently bears the stamp of administration approval. The bill would provide benefits of one-half the average weekly wage, with fifteen dollars a week as the maximum. Payments would not start till five weeks after the loss of employment and would continue for not more than twenty weeks a year. Nothing is provided for the present jobless. The bill would compel the work ers to pay part of the funds for the insurance. The bill contains a strike-break ing clause by which strikers would not be allowed to receive benefits, j N. R. A. RUN-AROUND Textile Labor Relations Board Refers All Cases to Employers Code Authority WASHINGTON, D. C. Feb. 27. The Textile Labor Relations Board is referring all charges of violation of wage and hour provisions to the Code Authorities of the respective branches of the industry, it was learned at the first meeting of the Textile Planning Commission yes terday. Three thousand and six 1 such complaints, most of which re main unsettled, have been received since October. The Textile Labor Relations ; Board and investigation agencies to study the industry, were created by President Roosevelt as a condition for having the general strike last summer called off. He promised! Cabinet Crisis I n Cu b a (Continued from Page 1) of the program put forward by the anti-imperialist daily La Palabra, Support of the Cuban student- : teacher strike was voted at a special emergency meeting of the New York City Committee of the National : Student League held at noon yes- j terday at their headquarters, 257 I Seventh Avenue. * * * Immediate protests must be sent by all organizations to President Mendieta, Havana, and to the Cuban Consul, 17 Battery Place, New York, demanding the imme diate release of the six impris oned anti-imperialist editors. Res olutions should also be sent to the U. S. State Department protest ing against Ambassador Caffery’s Intervention in Cuban affairs and stating our determined opposition to any interference on the part of U. S. imperialism against the Cuban people. Huge Profits For Ship Firm WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. War profits of fifty-seven per cent were shown to have been reaped by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corpora tion in the Senate investigations today. The Senate Munitions Committee uncovered the fact that on an es timated • capital of less : than fifty million dollars, the corporation made a profit of $21,000,000 out of war construction. So great was the business of the company during the years 1917-21 that the company doubled its cap ital investment, while its profits in creased seven-fold, the Senate Com mittee inquiry showed. Mellon Dodged Taxes By Fake Stock Sales, Government Charges PITTSBURGH, Feb. 27.—1 n order ; to escape paying income taxes, the j multi-millionaire aluminum king, Andrew Mellon bought and sold | through a secret holding corpora | tion $350,000 of his own bonds, it | was brought out today in the gov ernment’s suit to collect $3,000,000 back income taxes from Mellon. Through this “wash sale,” the | wealthy monopolist was able to [ evade paying taxes on his tremen dous investments. Mellon, while he was Secretary' of the Treasury, i saved himself about $14,000,000 it ! has been shown. CLASS STRUGGLES MUST BE MAINSPRING OF LABOR PARTY This is the second of two ar ticles on the Communist Party’s role in the movement for a Labor Party. * * * The most important factor which has contributed to the disillusion ment of the masses with the two capitalist parties is the New Deal and the struggles of the workers which it called forth. The N. R. A., its codes and other features of the Roosevelt adminis tration’s policy have brought the masses into direct conflict with the capitalist government to an unpre cedented degree. There is hardly a question concerning the life of the workers which doesn't rise as a po litical question under present cir cumstances. In virtually all cases strikes are a violation of some N. R. A. agency’s order. Never before have the workers gone through ex periences which expose the govern ment so clearly as a tool of the capi talists. For a Working Class Program The wave of strikes which has continued since the introduction of the N. R. A. has to a greater degree than ever brought the workers face to face with National Guards equipped with gas bombs, machine guns and all means for suppressing strikes. National Guards were sent against strikers by the Republican Governor of California, the Demo cratic governors of southern states and the Farmer-La borite of Min neapolis. Such experiences raise sharply the issue of an independent working class program. As the recent elec tions showed, the masses are no longer content to confine their choice within the two “regular” Party machines. Large numbers did not switch back to the Republican Party, but rather sought to express themselves through the Sinclairs, that these agencies would pass upon complaints of workers and not the code authorities which consist en tirely of employers as was the case prior to the strike. The practice now virtually re establishes the former status. Francis Gorman who headed the General Strike Committee, and Thomas McMahon President of the United Textile Workers, hailed the President’s promise as a strike victory. Workers have been patiently waiting for improvements since October, only to find condi tions getting worse. It appears very doubtful now that the U. T. W. national officials will be able to avert another strike. Prevailing Pay Issue Dodged (Continued from Page 1) trust-aiding program?” he was asked. “I would say,” he parried, “that the men whose votes in Congress were necessary to enact it believed it would help labor.” Would Revamp N.I.R.A. Now that labor has fully discov ered the real anti-union purpose of the N. R. A., Nye and McCarran would “investigate the abuses” of N. R. A. Even this, however, is slated for swift shelving. Demo cratic Leader Harrison announced he would insist that any “inves tigating” preceding the re-writing of the N. I. R. A. be done by the Senate Finance Committee. Nye and McCarran have declared such an “investigation” would be merely “a whitewash." McCarran again insisted that he would continue to fight for the "pre vailing wage” amendment in any work-relief bill enacted. He ad mitted, however: “If there is going to be delay in the work-relief bill, I would be will ing to enact an $880,000,000 appro priation to take care of those on relief until next July, or a $1,880,- 000,000 appropriation to take care of them until February, 1936.” McCarran conferred on the mat ter with Senators Wagner of New York, Costigan of Colorado. Demo crats, and La Follette, Wisconsin Progressive. They refused to com ment afterward. It was known, however, they discussed the pos sibility of “splitting” the $4,800,000,- 000 work relief measure. Anti-Fascists Plan Rally (Daily Worker Midwest Bureau) CHICAGO, 111., Feb. 27,-Hun dreds of Chicago organizations have endorsed the call of the American League Against War and Fascism for an anti-war rally Tues day evening, March 5, at the Ash land Auditorium, Ashland Boule vard and Van Buren Street. The | endorsing organizations are issuing leaflets and calls to the Chicago I workers, in their own names, to at i tend in masses. Speakers at the meeting will be ; Robert Minor of the Communist j Party; Prof. Frederick L. Schumann |of the American League Against | War and Fascism; Albert Hamilton, | chairman of the Student League for Industrial Democracy; J. C. Austin | of the Pilgrim Baptist Church, with | a representative of the Friends of I the Soviet Union. Longs and La Follettes. Recent ex periences take the very foundation from under the non-partisan policy of the trade union bureaucrats. The still more open attack of the Roose velt administration against the workers, so that there is even a rift between it and the A. F. of L. of ficials, will also hasten the inde pendence of the workers from the capitalist parties. In addition to the experience of the workers during the past decade, the Communist Party and rank and file movement in the unions have become much stronger. These are the main forces that will generate the trend toward a Labor Party. In 1923-24 the Communist Party was still young, and in the main isolated. The left wing in the unions was in its infancy. A cam paign by the A. F. of L. at that time to expel militants did not meet with much resistance. Today the mili tants take a lead in some of the outstanding strikes in 'the country. The rank and file challenges the bureaucrats in some of the largest unions in the heavy industry, as in steel. Tne expulsion campaign in all unions initiated by Green has thus far fallen flat. Support for Workers Bill An indication of the forces that the militants can muster in the present situation is in the support collected behind the Workers Un employment and Social Insurance Bill iH. R. 2827) and the huge Washington Congress which mobil ized to push its adoption. The thou sands of A. F. of L. locals which endorsed the bill and the hundreds of locals which were represented at the congress defied the orders of the A. F. of L» executives. The Central Committee of the Communist Party, after pointing out the forces whidh seek to divert the sentiment for independent political DAILY WORKER, NEW YORK. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1935 WILLING TO DIE FOR $6,000 MM • &'* . - ■jjjM Stanley Przytup, unemployed Brooklyn, N. Y., war veteran, who wrote Governor of New Jersey offering to take Bruno Hauptmann’s place in the electric chair if the convicted slayer paid his wife and children 86.000. Heavy Industry Makes New Advance in USSR Value of January Output Exceeds One and a Half Billion Rubles —21 Per Cent Gain (Special to the Daily Worker) MOSCOW, Feb. 27. (By Cable).— The third year of the Second Five Year Plan began with new and im portant increases in Soviet heavy industry, figures released here oday revealed. In general, heavy Industry In the U. S. S. R. in January, despite the exceptionally heavy frosts of that month, which delayed work in some branches, had an output of 1,683,- 000,000 rubles. This is 21.1 per cent ahead of January last year. Fisher Wants i Open Shop (Continued f rom, Page 1) March decision of Roosevelt and place their faith in the employer - controlled Auto Labor Board, warn ing them that continued labor dif ficulties would cause the company to withdraw work from Cleveland plant. The company’s statement, while fully anticipated by the majority of the workers, who knew that their only hope lies in strong organiza tion and strike preparation, blasted the illusions of those who thought that Mieir demands could be won by peaceful negotiations. The union is holding three meet ings Wednesday afternoon to de termine its further action. Commenting on the company’s statement the Communist Party called on the workers to Intensify the building of the union and pre pare to strike for their demands. The uncompromising attitude of the company clearly shows that nothing could be gained without militant action, the C. P. declares. Protracted negotiations as advo cated by the A. F. of L. top official dom, would result in defeat. The Communist Party calls on all work ers and local officials of the union to intensify their organization and begin immediate preparations for militant action to win their de mands in the present production season. A Correction Inadvertently, the nhrase “Labor Party” was omitted in the report of the statement made by J. B. Mat thews at the Madison Square Garden meeting on Monday. Mat thews’ statement should have read, “We can unite to build a Labor Party, a party of the working class, and this party must include the Communist Party. We will reject I any party that does not so include.” action into channels that will sub- i ordinate it to capital, at the same time warns against attempts to place the movement for a Labor Party behind a program that sets out to abolish the capitalist System. Only the Communist Party stands for the latter. Such a policy would narrow down the support for the Labor Party. In order that the La bor Party should really succeed in quickly leading the masses away from the capitalist parties, it must be built around a program of im mediate needs only, such as will make the broadest mass appeal. Not “Cover” for Communists The Central Committee also warns against hiding the Communist Party or against the idea that a Labor Party is only a “cover” for the Com munist Party. The Communist Party, in addition to maintaining Its independent existence, will be the most dynamic force to build the La bor Party. It will come out boldly with its program that only the re placement of the present order by a Soviet America can be a funda mental solution for the workers and other exploited people. The work of building a Labor Party likewise gives the Communist Party a fine opportunity to win the most ad vanced of the class-conscious work ers into its own ranks. If we fail to make clear the dif ference between the Labor Party and the Communist Party, and the latter’s role, it would be just like failing to warn against a “red scare” in a strike, or union election. The capitalist politicians, and the top labor leaders, as LaFollette and Gompers did in 1924, could use the “red scare’’ as an effective trick to disrupt the move for a real Labor Party at a mast decisive moment- We must in advance explain to the workers in the simplest terms that ; every step forward for the workers The greatest increase in output i was iron ore, 41.2 per cent in excess of January, 1934. Iron and steel production was 29.8 per cent In ad vance of last year, automobiles and tractors, 32 per cent. Electric power, chemicals, glass, pottery, and many other industries far surpassed the January plan. The number of workers in the en terprises of heavy industry in creased by 7.1 per cent, compared with January last year. WeirtonWins NR A Decision (Continued from Page 1) autocratic company towns in the country the company ruthlessly suppressing all free speech and as semblage in the town. West Vir- \ gii\\a State police spread terror against the strikers. The decision devotes much space to praise of J. C. Williams, presi dent of the Weirton Co., quoting Williams as saying that “What in jures the company injures the men.” Nields said that the company union “in all respects complies with provisions of Section 7-A of N.R.A.” He declared that it is “a lawful and effective organization of the work ers for collective bargaining through r-epresentatives of their own choosing.” Brazen Anti-Union Stand The decision of Nields upholding the company union is a more brazen and open method of the govern ment for legalizing the fascist com pany unions than that pursued by Roosevelt. Under section 7-A, and the labor boards set up by Roosevelt company unions have been strength ened in all industries. Roosevelt signed the auto code with its open shop "merit” clause, and in March 1934, signed the pact setting up the Auto Labor Board, a pact which le galized company unions in the auto industry. The present Weirton ruling, aimed to smash the Amalgamated Asso ciation’s strike preparations through company union terrorism, and to influence the reorganization of the N. R. A. in the direction of estab lishing more open fascist unions, seeks to accomplish union smashing more openly, whereas Roosevelt under N. R. A. has sought to ac complish the same thing by more demagogic methods. By GEORGE MORRIS is in line with the policy of the Communist Party, and that we do not seek to dominate the Labor Party movement but Insure that It will follow on the basis of an in dependent class policy. Party Based in Union From our analysis It should be clear that the possibility of a genu ine Labor Party rests primarily upon the extension of the Rank and File movement In the trade unions, especially in the A. F. of L. This Is repeated in the resolution a num ber of times. The slogan for a Labor Party must now be made one of the outstanding points in the program of the rank and file in the unions. To the degree that the rank and file wins control in the unions, to that degree will a solid foundation be built for a real Labor Party. We will find that most of the top union officials will resist the movement for a Labor Party, as It hits at their scheme for auction ing off the votes of the workers. The only Labor Party they w'ould support is one that would act as an appendage of the employers and a new weapon against the militant workers. Socialists and Labor Party The furthest that the top bureau crats would go toward a Labor Party will be through joint action between the Socialist Party and Its supporting union officials, espe cially in the garment unions. Com munists and militant workers need hardly be told that they would not be permitted to take part In such a party. Such a "Labor Party” would be bureaucratically controlled from the top. From this it does not follow that it is impossible to unite with the Socialists on the Labor Party issue, i The Socialist Party is not a unit. Michigan Heavy Industry Wages Drop 20 Per Cent FIGHT JIM-CROWISM Detroit Labor Candidate Offers His Services To Prevent Eviction of I. L. D. DETROIT, Feb. 27.—The Inter national Labor Defense has launched a mass and legal fight to prevent the Hugo Scherer Estate. Inc., owners of the building in which the I. L. D. is located, from compelling it to move because it employs Ne groes. The attack of the landlords is directed specifically against F. B. Maise, a Negro worker, who is as sistant secretary of the I. L. D. Maurice Sugar, prominent labor attorney, who is labor candidate for judge of the Recorder's Court, on learning of this outrageous action, immediately offered his services to the I. L. D. in the fight to prevent it Relief Strike Is Ended FORT SMITH, Ark., Feb. 27 The strike of the four thousand re lief strikers who were fighting against a fifty per cent relief cut ended -when the workers voted to go back to work in order to better organize their ranks for a future struggle. The relief workers strike started three weeks ago in the southern part of the county when the unem ployed miners walked out in protest against a wage cut from thirty to , fifteen and twenty cents an hour j and the setting of a monthly re- ; lief budget at fifteen dollars. They demanded forty cents an hour with a thirty hour week. Workers who were organized into ' the Workmen’s Union of the World and the Veterans of Industry of j America have become disgusted [ with their "leaders” who, instead ; of taking part and leading the ; struggle, spent their time in con- j ference with the Chamber of Com- ! merce in an effort to “settle the , strife.” These workers have taken i steps to affiliate with the National Unemployment Councils and have condemned the leaders of the Fort Smith Trades and Labor Council who refused them the use of the Labor Temple for meetings. Victims Aided In Soviet Blast (Special to the Daily Worker) MOSCOW, Feb. 27 (By Cable).— The machinery of the workers’ state moved swiftly today to aid the families of twenty-nine persons killed and injured when a com pressor exploded yesterday in the graphite department of a lead pencil factory in Moscow. A com mission was immediately to render special assistance to all the dependents of the victims. Soviet law guarantees adequate accident and death insurance for everyone concerned in industrial accidents. The workers who were at all in jured or shocked were sent to sanitoria and rest homes on full pay. The explosion occurred in the j Krassin factory when a one and a : half ton tank containing compressed air was hurled through the depart ment by the force of an accidental ignition. It broke through the floors of the second and third stories, then smashed through the roof. The explosion caused a fire in the factory. It is its right wing under the lead ership of Louis Waldman and Abe Kahn which w'ould compromise as far as merging with a third capi talist party. The Socialist Party did so in 1924, when it endorsed La- Follette. We must regard Upton Sinclair and Paul Blanshard, who is now in the Fusion administration in New York, as advance agents in this trend. On the other hand, there are strong left tendencies in the So cialist Party which could be won for a genuine Labor Party. If we concentrate our attack against the extreme right wing in the Socialist Party we thereby make it increas ingly more difficult for the center headed by Norman Thomas to go along with it. Os decisive impor tance in preventing such a fake Labor Party from arising, is a firmly roofed rank and file move ment to undermine the plans of the officials in the very unions where the Socialist Party Right Wing wants to form its base. Strikes and Labor Party The campaign for a Labor Party can be aligned with every struggle of the workers, but, above all, it must be pushed during strikes. It is then that the workers come in direct conflict with the strike breaking forces of the capitalist parttaa. Strikes such as were ex perienced last summer give a splen did opportunity to convince hun dreds of thousands and millions of the need for a Labor Party. This was especially seen In the West Coast strike. But it was Up ton Sinclair who with his dema ! gogy succeeded in diverting the \ strong will for Independent political action into support of the Demo cratic Party. i The Central Committee warns i against premature steps to form a | from being ousted. About a month ago the I. L. D. moved into its present headquarters, Room 700, the Hoffman Building, Woodward Ave.. near Sibley. Two weeks later it received a letter from | the Hugo Scherer Estate, Inc., stating: "It has come to our attention that you have some colored people in your employ. Some of the tenants !in the building art complaining ! about this and as it is against the . rules of our building, we must ask you to either discharge your col ored help or move from the build -1 ing.” Thaelmann Fight Urged (Continued from Page 1) fascism by millions of toilers throughout the whole world, with out distinction as to political beliefs or membership in any organization. Simultaneously this was a signal for the wide development of the united front struggle of the proletariat, the Communist, Socialist, Christian, Anarchist and non-party workers, against fascism and war throughout the world. “With the assistance of this militant united front, the prole tariat will also secure the release of their imprisoned fighters Ernst Thaelmann, Matthias Rakosi, and | thousands of others. Only as a result of the unwavering Irrecon cilable class struggle, as con trasted with Social-Democratic class collaboration with the bour geoisie, will the working class. In alliance with the other toiling] strata of town and village, led by the Communist International and under the wise guidance of the leader of the world proletariat, Comrade Stalin, secure the final victory over capitalism with its crises and wars and catastrophes!” Strike Closes Hosiery Mill CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., Feb. 27. —The Daisy branoh of the Rich mond Hosiery Mills was closed yes terday after most of its strike breakers failed to report for work. The announcement came at a mo ment when a large crowd of strik ers and sympathizers were staging a picket demonstration outside. Glenn Rankin, superintendent of the mill, charged in a statement that Sheriff Frank Burns had “fallen down” on his promise to protect those who want to work. The strike at the four plants of the company continues with strikers remaining firm. Garment Agreement Renewed BOSTON, Mass., Feb. 27.—An agreement renewal affecting 1,000 cloak and suit makers, embracing 95 per cent of the workers in the industry here, was signed by the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and the Coat and Suit Manufacturers Association. Four shops with about 100 workers face a strike if they don’t sign the agreement. The contract which ex pires in July 1936, provides that the existing wage scales remain for week work and that Labor Day and I May First are holidays and paid for. Labor Party and states categorically that no steps should be taken for the formation of a Labor Party on a national scale. When a firm foundation has already been laid for an independent political action, in unions and other organizations of workers, a local or state Labor Party could be launched. There is a still more elementary approach, where it Is advisable, a United La bor Ticket. But launching a party without sufficient connection from below will narrow down support for a Labor Party. Premature Tendencies A tendency for premature action was expressed in an article by Joseph Shell in the Daily Worker of Feb. 6. In his opening sentence he declares “that a Labor Party Is an Immediate possibility in Amer ica.” This, unfortunately, is not yet the case. Comrade Shell pro ceeds to show that in Paterson, N. J., there is a good opportunity for such a Party. But Paterson is not a typical example. In addition to going through bitter strike strug gles, and getting a “raw deal” from Roosevelt, unions embracing a ma jority ol the workers in that city have replaced their reactionary leaders with militants, and thus weakened the main obstacle to a Labor Party. The former administration in the Dyers’ Local 1733 is intimately bound up with the Republican Party, while the former Lovestone i ite officials of the Silk Workers are agents of the most reactionary wing ' in the Socialist Party—the Jewish : Daily Forward. Paterson furnishes j us an excellent example of how ef j fectlve rank and file activity in the unions lays the foundation for a real Labor Party. But most indus , trial centers are still to follow the I example set in Paterson. Statistics Show Sharp Decline of Earnings Under New Deal LANSING, Mich., Feb. 27.—A de cline of nearly 20 per cent In the average real weekly earnings of workers in the transportation equipment industry is revealed in the latest statistics of the Michigan Department of Labor and Industry, Os the 216,770 workers in this in dustry, all except 6.332 are employed in the manufacture of automobiles, with most of the rest employed in auto tire factories. On the basis of the period of 1923-26 as 100, the statistics show that whereas in January, 1934, real earnings in the transporta tion equipment industry were 104.1, in January, 1935, they had sunk to 86. The Labor Department's statis tics show a steady decline in the real earnings of workers in this in dustry under the New Deal. The 1933 average was 112.8. while in 1934 it was 104.5, and today it is still lower, as indicated by the fig ures for January. The real weekly earnings of workers in all Michigan indus tries also showed a decline, from 101.4 in January, 1934, to 93.6 in January, 1933. These official government figures are the best answer to the propa ganda of the auto companies about the “high wages” they are paying under their open shop Auto Code. They show the necessity of pre paring for strike action in order to win higher wages and better con ditions for the tens of thousands of men and women in the industry. Farmers Act In Minnesota (Continued from Page 1) to a question on conditions in West ern Minnesota. “Son, you can’t paint it too bad. You can’t imagine what we’re fac ing out there. You can go as far as you like in telling how bad it is and I’m telling you you won’t be exaggerating it one bit.” Keating and the others backed their truck up against the broad plaza of the capitol. Every legis lator entering the building couldn’t help but see the mute appeal. Demand Feed and Seed “We want the legislature to pass the million dollar feed and seed bill,” Keating said. “We just want to get another start next Spring. As it is now, our horses--are-too weak to stand, let alone pull a plow. Our cattle are almost too weak to go out and graze for themselves. We’re right up against the-wall un less we get a push to carry’us over the next'hill.” Keating said "cattle are dying out that way by the hundreds.” “I mean it,” he emphasized. “In the past six weeks more than 500 have fallen over dead from lack of feed. Our herds, depleted by the federal cattle buying pro gram last fall when we had to cut down, are being still further reduced.” Death Would Follow Cold Spell “The warm weather of the past few weeks has helped a lot,” he continued. “But it’s cold again.. If it went down below zero, snowed a lot and stayed cold for several days, i I’m telling you we would be wiped : out, “Com is a dollar a bushel. We | get $25 a month federal aid. What can we do with that? If we could just get enough to get the horses in shape for plowing and get the cattle squared around by the time the grass starts greening. I’m sure we’d be able to pay off next fall.” Relief Cut 40% In Johnstown JOHNSTOWN. Pa., Feb. 27. Twenty-seven hundred relief work ers in Cambria County have been cut off work relief and placed on direct relief under a sweeping re lief cut that has been given to all the unemployed here. Those on direct relief have been slashed 40 per cent In their budgets.- According to John Miller, execu tive director of the county relief board, the average direct relief check to each family, which was $6.02 a week before the slash, has now been cut to $3.60. A family of four persons, heretofore getting $5 weekly relief, now gets $3 a week. The relief cut and the stoppage of work relief, which was threatened by State Relief Director Johnson, is part of a general attempt to put ! over sales taxes upon the working population of Pennsylvania. In fighting the relief cut. the Johnstown Unemployment Council has prepared to call a mass demon stration before the relief, offices. ; New ‘Labor Defender’ On Sale at Newsstands The March issue of the Labor De fender, now on the newsstands, car ries a striking cover design on the Paris Commune, a number of ac- I tual pictures of the Communards burning the guillotine and of the | barricades in the streets of Paris in May 1871. There are also many other pic tures and articles of the present day heroic struggles of the workers throughout the world, including an analysis of the present status of the Scottsboro case, now before th« United States Supreme Court.