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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1855, September 27, 1853, Image 2

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?M. M. OTCTTON AND CH. MAURICE SMITH.
CITY OF WAaiHWCTOW.
SEPTEMBER 27, 1853.
TO OCR. COCXTRT fRlBHDg.
I* ?it.t) nf PHBif by reference to our terms,
tfpt oar Tri weekly and Weekly will not be i*
Mtfl uafcl the Wh and 6th of October. Our
#"iead*, therefore, who hava Already ?nt their
?am<? to us, will be suppliod with our daily
?ntil that period. Sach of our friends who in
tend to patronire us, and wbosa names have
?not yet reached ua, will receive back numbers.
?"H* FIOCRIII or DKBIOCIIACT.
In ancient times, tha idea prcrailed n;:j| wan
?cted on, that the citizen was made for tho
State* but in modern times, it is admitted, in
Cieory, at least, that governments were instituted
for tha protection and benefit of tho people.
Monarchial governments have made but a
Vd application of the modern principle; for
distrusting tha people, the/ conceatrato power
into tha handa of a king, propped and sup
ported by an unproductive nobility, and by
Urge standing armies. Power thus lodged is
always used to oppress and degrade the masse*
of tha people, aad not to elevate and benefit
them. Under each systems, tho most humane
fringe oa the part of rulers and legislators
aannot remove the burden which weighs on
the subject; for the systems themselves ero oner
Mis and oppressive.
In our country the principle of popular sov
ereignty haa not only bean adopted in ihoorv,
but it has beea carried into practical operation
^7 weans of written constitutions on which our
State and federal governments are based. These
constitutions limit the powers of the agents they
create to those subjects which the people, in
Iheir sovereign capacity, think fit to entrust
to them. By this means, And by selecting the
Officers to administer tha functions entrusted to
government by fra^uent popular elections,
power has bean taken from the few and given
to tha many. Bat it would be a great mistake
to suppose that this is all which the progress of
democratic principles has accomplished.
One of the most important features in the
governments of the United States consists in
the division Of power between the Stato and
fodenal authorities, and in the nature of those
powers which the people have entrusted to their
different agents. Only those matters which
?re of a general character have been placed
within the jurisdiction of the federal govorn
toent, while those of more immediate domestic
?oncern have been reserved to the pecplo of
?he States, or entrusted to their separate state
governments. Without this distribution all
our republican training could not preserve us
from anarchy and despotism. No peoplo wish
for republican institutions wiih more earnest
ness than the French ; and wo believe it to bo
ft mistake to suppose that they do not possess
lhat degree of intelligence which is necessary
to qualify them for republican citizenship.
Their repeated failures to liberalise their insti
tutions hare resulted from the centralization of
power into one government, which must be in
verted with dangerous authority, in order to
?nable it to meet all the necessities of a great
empire.
Bnt after all, the nature of the duties which
have been entrusted to our government is one
?f the ehief sources of our unexampled pros
perity. Jfot only hare the principles that power
belongs to the many, and that legislators
thonld be chosen by frequent popular eloctions
been kept in tiew, but constitutions have boon
?o framed to leave the citizen free to choose
bis own pursuit and course of life with neither
the bounties which repress active energy, until
it bscomea effeminate indolence and luxurious
ploth, nor the burdens which paralyze exertion
by denying honest labor its just rewards. No
jnan can fail of success in our country because
of the unfriendliness of the authorities, and
none are permitted to win it by means of the
?ctive aid of government Every citizen, no
watter whore he may be, in the pursuit of his
lawful occupation, must receive protection
from hindrance and violence; bi^t for success,
each must depend on bis inherent power and
Herein consists the great secret of the 1m- |
piense progress of this country. Our people j
bare not been crushed by the tyranny of gov
ern ment, nor enerrated and weakened by look
ing to it for direction and assistance. Inde
pendence and self-reliance are the prominent
eiharactsristics of the American citixen, and they
biTi been impressed ttpon him by a political sys
tem which Jearee him to himself, to work out his
6e*tiny by his own nnaided and unthwarted ef
fort?. Tha Anglo- American is resistless, becans?
1mi# freej and difficulties and obstructions have
vanished before bira aa if by magic. A wil
4ernee? has been reduced to cultivation, and
thriving rillagea aad mighty cities hare been
imilt op with a degree of rapidity which amazes
th* old world, and eren astonishes ourselves.
Yet a young nation, wa stand among the fore
aooet* ttrpplying tha great staples of commerce,
and whitening erery sea with onr eanras.
Yet there haa always been a powerful party
U onr country which distrusted the people:
and, r.nder tha influence of that distrust, has
attempted to thwart tfcs progress of democratic
principles, by opposing wholesome and popu
lar amelioration# of State constitutions, and by
peeking to trammel industry by means of cor
poration1"' and class legislation, conferring
gjfr-cial privilege# and immunities. Erery
instrnr?otjt which wealth could employ, and erery
^e?ic- rrhick ingenuity could inront, has been
?,sed by th-t ptrty to deceire and mislead the
f opli. Tb. etm^gla has b#*>n longand arduous.
Somctiir.'i tha iosua has been doubtful; but
jp-1 thaidctrocrtrr has steadily pained upon its
%dvMC*ridf; end taring conquered the old bat
"tifc fielde, it is :\or r?ady to march forward to
ve~" con-u-irtr. It is the mission of the Amor
iofQ p-l r- hitler the guidance of democratic
priii cijvN* t"> c.cw*:plish eren more than h?s
b?sr. sc^aptidMB, not through govern
ment v?5, btt f tng\ iu o'.m inherent powers
V nd cnariJK U iu i*jt r dSDion to forbid its gor*
?*tX"^i I lc "~tr ' o*7-. r r v-eraments hare
4orw,, lv?or "id e^terpr io ord;:r to
t>"j * t, *X itself \-vl oflfcre aphndid
'?/> Ca wcrJJ, fonedsd on oppr-:*ion
pjtd aaiasry^ imt V5 offer instead simple repub
lican institutions, supported by the love and
roverenee of a free, prosperous, happy, and
powerful people, such as the sun ha. never
looked upon.
tiik soft shell ratification at
NEW VOHKi
The New York papers a^ree that the meet
ing held at Tammany Hall, on Friday evening,
to ratify the soft shell nominations waa attended
by a lnfge concourse; but there was little or
no enthusiasm manifested during the evening.
The prominent member* of that party who
woro expcctcd to address the meeting
not present, giving rise to a feeling of disap
pointment among those whom curiosity had
iuduced to attend. Every menus and appli
ance was resorted to in order to procure a
largo attendance ; but, nfter nil, tho whole affair
wai a decided failure.
A sorics of resolutions endorsing the nomi
nation? of the soft shell convention was
adopted, afte r which Mr. John Cochrane, Sur
veyor of the Port of New York, who rendered
himself so offensively notorious by his insolent,
violent, and indefensible conduct at Syracuse,
delivered an oralfcu without point or pith, ami
was followed by General Thomas, Messrs.
Mahhot, Tildcn. and Maynnnl, whose addresses
wero on a par with that of Mr. Surveyor
Cochrane.
During the evening, several letters were read
from lion. John A. Dix and others, sustaining
tho purposes of tho meeting; but many other
letter.) which had been received were not read.
The iS'ew York Herald, by application to the
writers, succeeded in obtaining copies of some
of those which were withheld. Among them
wo find those of Judge Bronson, collector of
tho port of New York, and Charles O'Coner,
j esq., the United States district attorney, which
, W(, 1HV before our readers. As tho Herald re
marks, the reason for their being omitted at the
meeting will appear very obvious on perusal^
Letter from Greene C. Utunson, Collector of the
P?rt- ~ rn
New York, Sept. 22, 1653.
frKNTt.KMK^" I have received your invitation to
address a meeting of the democracy of the city at
Tammany Hall on Friday evening, and to partici
pate w.tli you in ' ratifying our Mate ticket ?
meaning the ticket ? hich wa? last nominated at
the recent Syracuse Convention- Although it
must lie known to you tliat I am not in the habit
of addressing political assemblies, candor requires
me td add. that I do not intend, in any forin, to
support the ticket. As a lover ol honesty in poli
tic#, as well a* in other things, and ol good order
in society, I cannot approve of nomination*
? brought about by fraud and violence. Those who
introduce convicts and bullies into our conven
tions. for the purpose of controlling events, must
not expect that their proceedings will be sanction
ed bv me, whatever course may l>e pursued by
Although this is ground enough for declining
your invitation, I will add. that if all the nominees
were otherwise unexceptionable, they come be
i fope the puhlic under the leadership of men who
have been striving for the last two or three years
to defeat the early completion of the public works;
i and after the shameless breach which we have
1 witnessed of past pledges in relation to the canals,
I there c\n be no reasonable ground for hope that
I new promises will be performed.
I The whole tenor of my life renders it unneces
sary for mo to make any professions of attach
ment to democratic principles, or to the good old
fashioned republican party, which has stood by
th* country, the Constitution, and the laws,
through all times and change#. And the lact that
I accepted and still continue to hold office under
the President, makes it equally unnecessary for
me as an honest and honorable man, to say that
his administration of the government, in confor
mity w.th the principles announced in the Balti
more platform and hi* inaugu*! address will, at
all times, receive my cordial support.
You say of the ' State administration that it
"must bo sustained." 1 am at a loss to know
what vou intend to do by way of uuhnldinpr
State officers; for they have so conducted public
affairs for the phst few years, thnt not one of them
(with the exception of Mr. Mather) was so much
a? mentioned lor a nomination in either branch of
the convention. The only way in which yon can
sustain them is by perpetuating their policy in re
lation to the canals, and, in my judgment, nothing
could be more injurious to the best interest* ol
the city and State of New York.
I have deemed it proper, in these times ot dou
ble dealing, to speak plainly, but without any in
tention Ol giving offence.
I am. very respectfully, yours,
(Copy) GREENE C. B RON SON.
Messrs. William I). Kf.nnf.dv a.-.d others, com
mittee.
letter ft on Cheirles O'Conor. E?q., the T'niteH
platen District Attorney.
Xnw York, Sey.t. 21, 1S53.
Gktti.f.mf.n: I have received your circular ol
the l'.th instant, in which, on l>ehall ol the Com
mittee of Arrangements, you extend to nie ?n in
vitation to address a meeting ol the democracy ol
this city and connty. to be held at Tammany Hail,
on Friday evening, desiring me to participate will,
vou in ratifying your State ticket, '? and cement
ing the bonds that unite the States of our confed
^ There arc two State tickets before the public,
nominated by two separate assemblies of professed
democrats, which were convened by the same au
thority. and held at the same time and place.
Which of these tickets is entitled to his prefer
ence and support, is a question no^forced upon
every democrat in the State, and as well by your
letter of invitation as by the public announcement
of my nair.o among those invited to address the
intended meeting, it is rendered incumbent upon
me to state frankly, and at this early period, how.
for my own personal government, I have re
solved it. . i*i
At the ensuing, and all future elections, in which
I may be allowed to participate, I shall give my
full support to that State ticket, by whatsoever
name it may be called, which shall be most dis
tinct'y ami reliably pledged to ?? c?mt*nling the
bonds that unite the Steles of our confederacy."
All who know me will credit this avowal.
Although thus hilly agreeing with the. only prin
ciple taken notice ol ill your circular. I cannot ad
vocate the election of what it calls your ticket.
Judging the tickets l>efore us by the names
and known antecedents of the opposing candi
dates found upon them, or by the names and pub
lished observations of the leading members ol tue
.inventions by which those tickcts were respect
ively nofM.ilal?"d. n? reasonable doubt can l>e en
tertained which ?f l!)pm is most devoted to pre
[ serving union and harmony the States ol
this confederacy. One of the convention Ci|s mi
contaminated by the presence of a sniffle member
ever knov u as an agitator of principles or prac
tice# tending ii> any degree, however slight, to dis
turb that union and harmony ; till) candidates put
forth by ii are equally free from r?pro#c|j, JUni*
injr to the contemplation of the other convention, 1
tind thnt all its leaders were but recently engaged
in a course of political acitation directly tending to
discord between the northern and southern States.
It hns indeed presented a platform of principles
unqualifiedly denouncing that political agitation
ss dangerous fo the permanency of the I'nion.
i and inadmissible <wu>)iff democrats: but when it is,
j considered that the Iciideis. wl?i? ttnjnipres
! Mve exception, expressly withheld assent lo liii.l
j platform, cr repudiated it. the resolution adopting
' it is not. in my opinion, entitled to any confidence
whatever. Ono of the candidates nominated by
this body, who was himself a muintar ti( il. re
fused Ills rsfent to these very principles in th?
most emphatic manner as lately as the month ol
Jure, lbfo. As far as is known to me, he still re
pudiate tbrm. It is presumable that he fairly re
lied* the ?ni,mu of the convention which nomi
nated him. snd I k?>os* reason for supposing
that any of his associates oh liitf Jjcket ure in this
ro'peei unlike him.
My choice between tickcts thus presented is
easily made. I adopt that which was made by a
convention of sound, unquestioned, and unques
tionable democrats, whose platform is unexcep
tionable in its terms, is admitted on all hand* to
have f^en adopted with sincerity,end cor???ppnds
with the political life and actions of its lram?jin<.
I shall support, to tbe best of my ability, the tiekat
first nominated at Syracuse, and headed George
W. Clinton, for Secretary of Stat*.
I am, gentlemen, with great respect, your obe
iieut servant, Chas. O Cosoa.
M'w, P, Kvkpv, Esq., and others, Committee
IB MH.BH PRKHM AND JT DflE
McLU\3(1D?(1I?10N UMDKU THE
CVGITIVK SLAVS LAW.
One of the most constantly occurring, am well
a.s one. of the must annoying things in the world,
iH the otficious intermeddling of busy people
with the affairs of their neighbors. Hiis dis
position to intermeddle is not confined to indi
viduals, hnt extends even to nations. That na
tion, of all others the most prone to it. is the
English, and the a Hairs with whit h they most
concern themselves are our affairs. Were the
motive a good one, we could find it in our
lica/ts to thank them. Were the objects they
u.ropose desirable objects, we would even take
tMlr advice and pardon their ollicionsiii ss. But
neither is the motive good, nor are the object*
desirable; certainly not in the matter to which
we shall presently refer, and with which our
good grandam so piously concerns herself.
The decision of Judge McLean, remanding
the fugitive slave, Washington MeQucvry, to
bin master, Henry Mjller.an inhabitant of Ken
tucky, is copied into the liowlon .Vail, and
made the subject of a long article. The Mail
thinks that .Fudge McLean's decision was right;
that it was eminently nblo and altogether un
answerable. It was in accordant* iwith the
Constitution and laws of the I'niled Stales.
The Mail even goes further, and admits that a
"fugitive slave law, in some form or other, is mi
incident inseparable from slavery. The simple
toleration of slaver}' carries all these institutions
along with it."
Ono would suppose from all this that the
Mail was violently pro-slavery in its proclivities.
Not so, however. After stating the law, and
saying that the Judge's decision is in accord
ance with it, it strikes off into the horrors
of slavery. It damns the masters, it weeps
over the victims who. in its own language, may
be "worked, chained, lashed, or sold, precisely
like a beast of the field."
Filled with holy indignation, it piously lifts
np its hands, and iu^t lamentation, worthy of
the lugubrious Jeremiah, exclaims, "Will a
people like those of the I'nited States long tol
erate such a state of the law."
The meaning of all which obviously is, that
the very worthy and generous-hearted English
man wishes to help in the work of revising and
remodelling our Constitution and laws. Now,
had not our disinterested friend better confine
his benevolent labors to England. Is there no
law in the British code to he repealed? Is
there no misery in London that can lie alleviated
by statute? Is there no suffering in Ireland that
may be remedied by legal enactments? Is
there balm in (Jilead? Procure it first for your
own wounds. Obey the Scriptural injunction?
"Physician, heal thyself."
TUB DISTRICT.
The condition of the District of Columbia is,
in some respects, peculiar. Its citizens have no
political privileges, fur it is not a State, nor is
it u Ierritorv. It has, therefore, no local legis
lature to take care of il? interests and to min
ister to its wants. It is entirely dependent on
Congress, and Congress is so much engrossed
by national affairs, that it often loses sight of
interests that would require but a nhort time to
provide for, and that are highly important to
the citizens of the District. Living here at the
capital, and being identified with the commu
nity around, we'cannot look .with indifference
on any subject that may affect its interests.
It Fs otir purpose, from time to rime, to call
attention to snch matters as we deem of public
importance. The population of the District is
rapidly increasing, and with its increasing pop
ulation, there will be an increased necessity for
the protection and fostering careiof the govern
ment.
We will l>e glad to hear from our friends here
in regard to any matter of public interest.
Old Point Comfort*?This favorite and delight
ful summer retreat is to be offered for -ale. at pub
lic auction, upon ihe premises, on the 5th of next
month, and we hope that it will pass into the
hands of those who will Keep it up in such a* man
ner us to maintain its well-earned reputation as
one of the very first and most charming resorts in
the country.
This place already present* attractions enough,
to invite, annually, to its salubrious shores and
beautiful adjacent grounds, a concourse of truest*
fully equal to tlie utmost capacity of the commo
dious and handsome buildings now erected there:
and yet it is sttsceptnblc of being rendered far
more attractive than it even now is. The present
proprietors propose to relinquish the e-.titbliah
inent, not because it has failed to prove a source
of ample profit, but Iroin a desire to engage in
in other pursuits more congenial to their tastes, in
which their whole time and attention will be ab
sorbed. In the hands ot an enterprising proprie
tor whose taste and talent would happily adopt
him to the management of such a place, there can
bo no reasonable doubt that a great fortune would
l>e speedily ruali/.tul.
The bathing, both in fac ilities and quality of the
water, is unsurpassed by that of any other -pot in
the country. The fishimr. to those who are fond
of thai Uiud of sport, is Unequalled. The adjacent
military fortification. Fortress Monroe, only h few
rod* from tlui hotel, with its towering rainpatts,
its beautiful interior ornamented by the choicest
trees, shrubbery, and thnvurs, its brilliant and
daily military parades, with the spirit-stirring mu
sic of a miijfiiilh'cnt baud, contributes liberally
and happily to the interest of the place and the en
joyment of its guests, Upon the spot thus en
riched by so many attractions the sweet breath of
the ocean is constantly breathed, in a pure and
f^ftyshing stream, sweeping l>efore it all the ele
ments of diapasf*, giving health and vigor to the
sick, and energy and enjoyment t? the weary fu
gitive from the heat und bustle of the city.
Tftkiug ?ll these tilings i.iio consideration, to
gttlhpt' u j|h the great faeilitins for reaching the
pUee.'from north and south, one cannot but hope
that Old Point Comfort, in losing life present bof
pitable ami accomplished proprietors, will tall into
the hands of others who w ill prove themselves
worthy of the succession. To the people of the
southern fiate* this place i ?pimiaM) commends
itself, fo? [In fp f|i.r planter can bring his own ser
vants, and-keep thum jjs he desire*, with
out a fear of their br ing tumpetcd with, and led
off, l?y mischievous or fanatical persona?tp im
munity thai t an not be (band nt any other popular
sealtoard resort lu tin v hole country. This, to
gether with its numerous other adv tillages, can
not fail, tinder a vigorous and judicious mHmig*.
ment. to command for Old l'oint a bouitdlcM
popularity and a most brilliant suceess.
Our thnuks |ifp due to our friend Mr. George
S. Gideon, of the tUpuoh^ lor TTr^TJ^^dness in
furnishing us with his exchanges, without which
vifi would have been seriously incommoded.
It require gome time to procure regular and
reliable exchanges. ?jjon, however, we hope
to be ui s situation to reciiyQc^io some of the
cowle*u:* mtf Jj^ve received.
Sd^We Bre much gratified th learn, from
reliable sources, that the Hon. J. Y. Mason w
recovering from his illnesn. He is represented
to i? as being out of danger. His mimenms
friends hc?e and el.it;whesc will l>e gratified to
learn that his present condition is ho prom
ising.
*?"Wo learn from the New York papers
thut the address of Hon. \\*m. ('. Hives, at the
Agricultural Fair, held in Saratoga during the
past week, whs very instructive and Interesting.
We have not room for the addretu in our paper
of to-day.
The LouUeiUe Journal has the following in
relation to our new consul to London, Mr.
George Sanders:
Yoang America has been in ecstasies over the
n)>|K)inluietit ol' the Kentuckian, tjeorge Sunders,
to London consulship. A better man could
not Ware been sent; he is the practical uccord.
w ith inther the echo ot' the music that rolled like
melodious thunder from that part ol President
Pierce's inaugural, which enunciates the inviola
bility ot the person of ike American citizen. That
doctrine emphatically breathe* the sentiment and
w ill of Young America. Sanders is a lirst rate
business man, prompt, and not afraid of the piles
of hell itself.
?VSi. A return to the House of Commons showed
thai there were in the last registration lists in
Knglnnd 40i?,9flh parliamentary voters, and 11.153
in Wales. In England and Wales, .Vi.i"'.! were
, freemen or members of the old corporations.?
3'<l.r?r*4 were registered as .?10 householders,
and lO.Slt in both capacities.
Mr. J. II. Lindsay, of Dundee. Scotland,
has concocted a plwi of telegraphing across the
ocwnu, from Great llritsnn to the I'nited Stales.
, which, it is said, has the merits of exceeding sim
plicity and cheapness?audi cheapness that, as
Sir. Lindsay computes, it would cost only .?00,000
to establish a communication between the t\*o
countries. Mr. Lindsay proposes to dispense w ith
submerged wires?and, indeed, all wires: he in
tends fej make the sea *erve. the purpose of wires,
lie mun'.ly gave a public demonstration of his
method nt Glasgow, transmitting the electrical
current, we are told, across a "lurge. trough of suit
water." which served ns a conductor, and inforin
| ing the audiei.ee that lie had obtained similar re
sults over a breadth of sixty feet ot water. This
is all very fine and very promising; but perhaps
Mr. Lindsay, before attempting to make a trough
of the Atlantic w ill try Ins luck in transmitting
electricity, without wires, across the British or
the Irish channel.
The Exhibition of the Fat Woman.? \t the
salooa. 410 Broadway, may be Ibuud one of tlie
? prettiest, of all the living wonders of the world.
This subject of (?>pular curiosity is a female ol
respectable kni.il, and unquestioned character,
who weight seven hundred and sixty-lour pounds?
equal t<i a modern hull-Ion ol anthracite coal. She
is yet in the pride Of womanhood; is comely in
I person, amiable in disposition, and peculiarly cal
' cuUl- d to w in Lhit reaped and approbation ot' all.
Site is iu the enjoyment ot' excellent health?is
happy with liar friends, and distinguished h>r her
pure, but unostentatious, piety. She has been in
( duced to submit herself to popular and refined
! exhibition by two considerations. It has pleased
I trod to give her such unwieldy proportions, that
she is unable to subject herself to the ordinary lu
botli?f the household, and therefore looks to a
gfMKtus world for protection and support. She
> is rfVvoman who will always command the respect
of society and awaken its sympathies. She has
been visited by. hundreds of thousauds. and all
unite in ennunriating her laudation.
| A*. 1". Mas.
Jpnny Kind has pot a bah v. The "Otto
i of Rose*'' in distilled. The fountain that litis
fed multitudes with the effluence of holiest
song, now feeds holiest humanity, that does ils
own singing. No more white gloves, enclosing
frenr.iod finders, applauds the virgin cantrn
t krioa. hot little hands, softer than kids, pat one
Mother gentlv and joyously in the eves of the
young mother. " Ah nwu filx" is sung no more
over the parqnette, hut over the cradle. What
a dear little darling the )>nl?v must he! We
j think we see Orto going into the room coulain
I iug his double treasure. What to him is opera,
, :ih v^urts over the sweet little simb-nagc that
wrestles in its noble mother's arms! Think of
them all there together, and tell us. oh! ascetic
! old bachelor, and old maid unmarried from
choice, (if there exists such a marvel,) whether
vou think such happiness is to be cavalierly
sneezed at ? Does it not moisten the mouth
| of your imagination ? We pause, for we have
i waked the baby. Jog the cradle, Otto.?
SpvmgJicM Republican.
i Bai.timohk and Ohio Haii.roaI).?At a
, meeting of the directors on Thursday, the new
freight tariff for the road was adopted. It is
? understood tlint no general increase or reduc
i tiou of rates hus been effected by this step, the
principal change being in the assortment or
classification of goods. Several other modifi
eatl(OB, looking to the mutual advantage of the
cotlimny and its customers, were adopted. Iii
I stead of three classes of articles, as in the old
tariff, there are to bo four; and, among other
i provisions, we are told of one that empowers
the president and superintendent with the ex
' erci.ie of an enlarged discretion in certain con
j tingeneies. It is thought by those who have
seen the new tariff that its working will prove
j beneficial to all parties?Butt. Clipper.
,af Fa<t.?A marriage solemnized in
j Soit^i Carolina is indissoluble either bv any
foreign tribunal, or by the judgment of any
foreign t ribunal or statute of any foreign legis
lature. No judicial tribunal in that State has
any authority to declare a divorce, and no di
vorce has ever been granted by the State legis
lature.
Another.?The body of n man dressed 111 a suit
of black, apparently 50 years of age, was found
i itoetins: in the river near the Hudson Hiver Rail
ro*d dock, yesterday morning. A deep gash over
: his^ht eyn leads to the impression that he has
(?eAjriurdercd.
verdict ot the juiy v as. '? ilnit the deceased
! came to his death from blows inflicted on the head
by person or persons to the jury unknown."
? \;Uhany Argus.
Accwbnt on tiif. Georgia Cbnthai. Rah.
hoai?.?On Sundav morning, the 1 1th instant,
the regulur train trom Savannah arrived at the
Bridge over Wnlnnf Creek, about two miles
from Macon. The high water of the creek bad
undermined one emf of the eastern abutment
of khe bridge, so that the rail on that side sank
; eight or ten inches ns the locomotive passed
over it. There were two baggage and two
1 passenger ears in the train, w hich were thrown
trom the track, but were supported bv the
, thick flooring aud timber of the bridge, and
drawn through by the locomotive, which re
i mained upon the track. b\ the settling of
one comer of the hridge. two of its timbers on
the opjKisite side became detached, one of
which penetrated through a baggage car its
dj11 j re length, killing and horribly mangling n
passenger seated at the further ?nj. Another
timber penetrated a passenger car for eight or
ten feet without touching any one. The un
fortunate man who was killed was an Irishman
by birth, named Donohoe, and was on his wnv
to the Lanier House in Macon, where lie hnd
been engaged as steward. He expired in
about two hours ofter the e.-fident.
A Hoosler Dodge.?They have a Mriiiirc'it
anti-liquor law in Indiana, but manage to evade it
to a frreat dearer. The following, as related by
on? of the country newspapers, is the latest in
v^Mji.n of the oAinmittee on ?? feoy.v/?>/// infant
Sunday last, at the camp ground some four
mihte ea*t of t Iiim. a* a couple of bloods were
seated on a log in the wood*, lamenting the scarc
ity ol water nnd absence oi anything stronger, a
chap waikod up aud offered lo sell them a small
watermelon which he held under his arm. They
told bim tUey didn't wnnt it; but he insisted that
It w*? 3 good melon, well flavored, and finally
thriiu^t under their noses, at the samn time re
inonja a plug to show them it was good. The
effif(T?'iii magical. It was instantly purchased,
and. upon a further examination, was found to
coiiMn about a ouari of the pure juice of the corn.
Melon* advanced.
Knot Dm OoiuaiMft Mouth Otrollnltn.
? OCR NEW WESIDKNT."
Under the above captioa the [)uof Vui
nam'9 Monthly, tor September, are blurred with
a vioVut attack uimhi the administration of
President Piere#. Whilst the right of these
publishers to iiwert ?nch an article in their pe
riodical is not questioned, we are justifietPln
charging them ?vith committing a grievous
wrong on their regirtar subseriliers, in enlist
ing their patronage and support for a high
toned Uiitrnrtf journal, and then make its col
umns a Vehicle for party tirades, such as we
would look for in partisan newspapers. Since
the accession of the present administration, no
such deliberate assault upon it, that we are
aware of, has appeared in the most vio
lent whig paper ill the country. Some whig
abolition journals have assailed President Pierce
for his avowed devotion fothe Constitution, and
his declared intention to enforce the fugitive
silave law; but we doubt if anv President has
been more exempt from the usual party
scandalizing of opponents than he Ipis been
since his inauguration. Messrs. G. PjPutnam
Si Co. have the distinguished honor of leading
the onslaught against an administration which,
according to their own writer's admission, has
vet "m-ide no formal declaration of its policy."
They have exhibited, moreover, in what direc
tion their sympathies How, a tendency corrobo
rated by the anti-southern doctrines incorpora
ted in so mo work# which have recently been
issued from their press. The article under no
tice, in which, as publishers of a professed lite
rary magazine, they have travelled so far out
of their legitimate and appropriate sphere, is
a strong evidence of their affiliation with those
who have made it their special duty to oppose
an administration because of its adhesion to
the Constitution and laws of the country, and
whose officers have sworn to maintain the one,
and faithfully execute the other.
It is not our particular province, as conduc
tors of an Indejiendent journal,, to defend the
administration of General Pierce; but it is our
privilege, in the discharge of our editorial duties,
with regard to public affairs, to defend that*
which wo conceive to be right, and condemn
that which is wronjf. Availing ourselves of
this privilege, we lay aside our natural disin
clination t;T discuss federal politics, for the pur
pose of expressing our hearty approval of the
policy, so far as it has been avowed, of the.
cabinet of President Pierce. No act of the
Executive, that we remember at this time, de
serves condemnation, and there are many which
are entitled to the approbation of men of all
parties. Nor has the writer in Putnam brought
forward a single accusation against the admin
istration sustained in any way by the facts. He
has, for the most part, dealt in vague general
ities; but in all his ungenerous and unjust at
tacks upon the President, lii.s pen has not re
corded one unpatriotic, un-American, or anti
republican word or deed of which L'ranklin
Pierce is the author.
When :i jRjlitical writer occupies the columns
of a inaga/.ine'we naturally look for something
worth the space taken up hv his production; but
this individual fills soni" nineteen solid columns
with mere political personalities against the
Bxecutiu?such stuff as we might expect to
find in some obscure whig sheets in a eery re
mote section of the country. The article is
more censurable because if bears some evidence
of ability, and because that, under the sem
blance of being a legitimate review of the policy
of the new administration, it is a low-toned
party attack?a dish of clap-trap detraction of
the abilities, honesty and patriotism of the Pre
sident. It is the shape in which this assault
appears, rather (ban any intrinsic merit it pos
sesses, that serves to draw attention to it; and
were it not under the pea-green covers and
done up in the line letter press of' Putnam's
.Monthly, it would not be deemed more worthy
of particular notice than any other piece of or
dinary party vituperation, which we are sorry
to say in latter times Hows too freely from the
pens of political essayists.
According to this writer, the President has
done nothing right. He Mays ''Mr. Pierce came
into power with the best opportunities of doing
good of any or our later Presidents," hut thnt
lie has not improved these opportunities, nor
given any indications that lie can or will do so.
To sustain this allegation, he. says the inaugn
; iiil "abounded too much in fourth of J uly clap
trap;" thai in the selection of his cabinet Mr.
| Pierce exhibited "neither wonderful shrewdness
I nor wonderful strength;'' that it was not such a
| cabinet "as a man of earnest purpose, clear
l con vie! ion, and strong reliance on his own prin
ciple would have chosen;" hut that it is one
"which rather evinces a weak desire of concili
ating all factions and interests''?a cabinet
"from the day of whose advent at Washington
to the present time the country has floundered
in a sen of conjectures as to the destinies of
llie future." Then comes the charge of the
; adoption b\ President Pierce of the rotution
I in-oiliec sv-<tein, followed by an indiscriminate
1 condemnation of the forn/n and domestic up
j |'Ointment* made for the last eight months,
i Next come.- a uotlco, a hi Jjotulon Time*, of
j the visit and speeches made by the President
; and cabinet officers at. and on their way to, the
j crvstal palace, and, in conclusion of the whole
; matter, a sweeping denunciation of the party
machinery now in operation in this country.
The writer wants the t Wniee ijf (ha Provident
given diroctly to the people; the constitution to
be altered so fts to abolish the electoral col
leges. tie wants the selection of postmasters,
custom-house officers, &c? to be decided by the
popular vote; and lastly, thai "the expenditures
of the treasury be strictly confined to the legi
timate objects of government." What a can
did political censor! What a sage! What a
reformer!
The cabinet of President Pierce, after having
passed eight months of its administration with
out being subjected to any great amount of
abuse from its political opponents, receives its
first broadside from a masked battery, So
peaceably, harmoniously and unostentatiously
have the President and his admirers conducted
the affairs of the national government, that it
would require an extraordinarily keen and verv
rabid partisan editor to find material for a
single condemnatory article ; nor can Putnam's
arrogant assailer bring forward a single official
act of that cabinet on which to pass the slightest
censure; indeed, lie appears displeased that he
*>anuol do so, and indulges his ill-temper by
culling its members hard rmmes; one is n
"New hngland Whig, another a "Southern
Secedcr"" another a " Western Freesoiler," and
the remainder are " unknown men from parts
that one does not enre to charge his memory
?itl>!" What a terrible indictment is this!
Ma? a Cabinet with W. f.. Maroy as Secretary
of Stall;, and Caleb ('ashing to Attorney Gen
eral, will not compare unfavorably with a ma
jority of it.*> predecessors. There are few obser
vers of public men who do not now regard the
present Chief of the cabinet ns the most fitting
man in tli? Union for the position he occupies.
But the foreign appointments. In the esti
mation of this self-complacent reviewer "only
one or twoof the.se are of the proper sort"' Is it
so? Are not James Ruchanan, Pierre Soule.
James Gadsden, and Kobert J. Walker, as well
qualified for diplomatists, as the jnost of for?
eigu ministers appointed by our later Presi
dents? Not one of them are '*mere service
able pplitifjaps," as the writer alleges, a|id we
are sure he would have enlightened the coun
try, had he announced who among the newly
appointed foreign agents " are not designated
by capacity, acquirements, or sympathies for
their positions," and jt would be a still moro
interesting piece of information, if lifl would
deign to mention those of these ap]>ointees who
are the "ignorant, course-minded, coarse-man
nered s|K'cch-makers?the boisterous, windy
politicians'' whom General Pierce has preferred
to more meritorious citizens. It is possible
that among the latter is to be found the writer
himself, but he should recollect that none of
his warmest admirers claim for President Pierce
such |?erfectioii of discernment that he might
not overtook mm mentorioM citiien worthy o
office!
?So much for Putnam's first political broad
side. Whatever may have l)een all the object:
ot? the publishers, they have accomplished out
?perhapd that which they chie.Hy sought?no
toriety for th>vu- monthly ; but, in our opinion,
it is ii notoriety similar to that which Commo
dore Vaiiderbilt would acquire, .should he at
tempt to batter down the rock of Gibraltar by
a discharge of small arms from the oolisheil
decks of his pleasure yacht. The faultless ty
pography, the clear white l>aper, and the at
tractive garb of the tastily gotten op-magazine,
cannot transform a hotch-potch of political per
sonalities into a discriminating review of the
acts of public men, or a sound and just critupit
of the policy of any government.
]?nrU Curropoutleare of the N. Y. Courier.
Dread and the French Government-?'The
corn question is, perhaps, that which at the pres
ent moment create* the most omburrassinent and
anxiety to the imperial government. The Ni?i>o
leon dynasty would find iuelfia ?a eiuiweully pre
carious jiosition. it. in addition to the numerous
other cam*-* of insecurity to it* newly erected
throne, should l>e added that which has ever been
limnd in France to be the one which puts the sta
bility and popularity of governments to the se
verest u-*t?want of bread. Napoleon III. seems
fully awake to llie danger, and is exerting himself
with his itocustoincd promptness and energy to
provide usainut it. lie will take care, it will be
confidently expected, that France, and especially,
that Paris, shall not suffer the coming winter. To
facilitate the supply from abroad, he some months
ago HiispSultid the ^tiding scale of the French
corn law, pod more recently he ha# removed the
differential tonnage duties on corn and flour im
ported iuto the French ports. At the same time
he is taking arbitrary and, perhaps, equally char
acteristic measures to prevent alarm upon this
subject iu France. Some of these measures are
not so judicious and efficient as those for the pre
vention of scarcity. No intelligence, to which en
tire confidence is due, can reach the public
through the press, touching the real condition ot
the crops in France. The journals httVc bcert
warned to say nothing that can odd to the dis
quiet of the public mind. This being known, the
end of government in thus muffling the press, ot
course, fails to be attained, Favorable intelligence
is distrusted, and that ot a contrary character
suspected to toll only half the story. In fact, tlie
best cvidciicooflhe reality andexlent ofthedanger
is tonnd in tl? act of government itself to pro
vide against it.
Besides those abov e noted should be mentioned
another. The price of bread in Paris is fixed by
the policc on the Island 15th of every month.
This price rises and falls with the price of wheal
in the corn market of Paris. The price has been
steadily rising for some months past. It has not
yet reached a very high point. The price during
the latter half ?' August was 40 centimes per kil
I ogramme (3 "24ll> cents per lb. avoirdupois.) But
last Meet n commencement of agitation was ob
served among the lal>oring classes, in anticipation
of the rise which it was known must rc^rularlj
take lake place ou the 1st of September, for the
price of wheat was still going up. An assemblage
which wore a sinister resemblance to the riotous
|K>pulnr meetings of IfitttS and 49, w*a?dispersed
ii pon I lie Place Maubert. This, and ?milar#e
uionstrations iu neighlioring departiwaats, were
deemed sufficiently significnut to proooke the ar
bitrary intervention of government. Hy stncl
rule, the price should have risen ou the tat instant,
half a cent, per lb., but government has ordered
the bakers of Paris to continue to sell at 40 cen
times the kilogramme. This is acceptable to the pub
! lie, but it seems rat her liard upon the bakers, who are
I compelled to pay the higher market price for flour.
[ During the scarcity of 1817, the government and
the city of Parin came to the relief ot the poor bv
a measure less arbitrary and more just to all pa^
lies. The price of bread was permitted to rise
regularly with that of Hour in the corn market. But
cards were issued und distributed, by authority, to
pi! who needed lhem, by virtue of which those
only who could well a fiord to do *o. paid the tulj
prices of bread. The poorer only receivee bread
! from the bakers at centimes the kilogramme,
I until the crisis over, the price fell regularly bedow
that sum. This was exceedingly bi?4enHOtne to
the city. It cost, in 1W47, many milllioo* of francs ;
but it was just, linkers' riclits wop protected,
and the rich, as was right, also wen*?ompelled as
tax-payers to contribute to the support ot the ne
cessitous poor.
The bakers of Paris, however, are now assured
that the measure of last week was only taken
upon the pledge of government to "indemnity
them for present loss by ulterior compensation.
The compensation promised consists in the main
tenance, some time hereatler, when the present
crisis shall have passed, of forty eeatwnes per kilo
gramme, as the price of bread, when by operation of
the rule, it ought to l>e lower. But where is the
assurance that th? "compensation," when it is
made, will not ensje to the l>enellt of the bakers
who arc not now iu the trade, and who conse
quently do not suffer from the present measure,
sucressors, perhaps, of the ineiiwhom the compen
sation was iutended to benefit,but who have been
driven, by operation of this very measure, to dis
graceful bankruptcy ? This system of compensa
tion is resorted to, to avoid an outlay ofinonev by the
city and government for the supply of bread. 1 hey
have alreudy upon their shoulders such enormous
expenses (or the improvement and beautifying of
the capital that notLing can be spared tor bread.
I have just seen a letter written- by Napoleon I.
which shows in a striking manner the high politi
cal importance he attached to the existence ol the
fact of cheap bread in Paris. In June. lfelO,
alarmed by the report of one ol his counsellors ot
State, he thus writes from St. Cloud to his Minis
ter. Montalivet, at Pan's. k
"Monsikvr i.f. ('oute: I send you a very im
portant note of the counsellor Murat, upon the
corn question. Come to the council on Monday
with all the information you can get touching this
im|K>rtant matter. You will see that this counsel
is of opinion that by the end ol the year there will
be none ul the whwit crop ol 1SU8 and lbO" lell.
From what lie has told me of the high price ot rye,
1 have forbidden its exportation; and I have dou
bled the export duty on wheat. These two de
crees will be forwarded to-night. 1 pray you take
especial care that my reserve of Fans be kept
complete. Make your Inspectors see to it. 'This
matter i* particularly confidcd to your zeal for my
nor vice. For the last eight years 1 have been sa
crificing a million a year for the maintenance ol
this reserve, and it would be really deplorable it
these eight millions und these eight years should
be lost just at the moment wheu the fruit of them
should be gathered. I shall not sleep quiet till my
mind is nt case upon the subject?and you?make
it your special business to m* that tho nupuhos
for Paris are com pie!'. ThffO tfc no measure of
government inoro efficient to secure the happiness
of the people and the tranquillity of administra
tion, than certitude upon tiiis point. Ace., tec."'
I do not apprehend a serious danger to the gov
ernment of Napoleon III. lit will lake care to
provide for the winter by abundant supplies from
the east and from the United Status, V cry largo
sums are known lo havw lx???n already appropri
ated to this purpose.
Commerce ok Nkw Oht.rvv.s.?The product
of cotton and sugar in .New Orleans, during the
commercial year just ended, has been greater
t|u\n in any previous year, these two articles
alone having furnished a portion of the season's
business exceeding $83,000,00? in value. The
v?'ue of the products received from the interior
since 1st of September, 1852, is $134,233,735,
against $108,051,708 last year; showing an in
crease in the value of the commerce with the
interior, since 1842, of nearly tico hundred per
cent.
Aewi, Com, IfqodMI, of the Coast Sur
vey, lias completed the survey of the harbor of
Portland. 1 he water is found to he deeper
tbpn laid down in the old charts. The Arm*
says, "That as the appropriation of $10,000
made for the breakwater in our harlwr and at
Richmond's Island will be exhausted in con
structing the latter, no work will be done on
the former this season- The Board of Trade
are making efforts to secure a small harbor
light Ht the end of the brenkwatw.
*
Penncola and Warrington.?We are happy
to learn from reliable authority that tliere has been
? decide*) il^tcraeitt, if net an entire cessation, of
the epidemic in TVnsacola. It is stated in a letter
written on the 17th, that there were no new cases.
At Warrington and the Navy Yard there were
five interment* on the 15th, lie latest date that
we have received.) One ot these was that of
Passed Assistant Surgeon D. L. Bryan, of the
Naval Hospital.?Mobut Arfvtrtixfr of'Mik itfst.
.p9r* ' Sir," said a blustering little inan to a re
ligions opponent, "to what sect do you think I be
long?"
"Well, from your sixe and appearance. I should
think you might belong to a class culled the ia
sect." The little cove struck a hee-tine for home.
[ Kauutieroy .?i' u raer Dau
gerfield FaunUeroy, whose death at the Pensacola
iNavy \aro it waa our moluncholy duly to an
nounce a few days ago, deserves tar more than
the imperfect tribute which is all that we are en
abled to pay to In* memory. An old fashioned
irginia genilleiiian, he entered the navy at a pe
riod of life later than usual in any department ol'
II, led on, doubtless, by tliut love of adventure and
quiet daniik which were conspicuous elements
2L'"fnTft At .lbe *f*nre of the Malay
fort ol Quallah Bat to, by an assault of aailors and
marines from the ships Potomac and John Adams,
l\Tl 1839 ?r 1840' VuT?*r Fauntleroyl
although belonging to The civil department of the
service, volunteered to join the attacking partv
and distinguished hinis?4f by his gallantry
Hi* renown as a rifle shot was unrivalied, and
will supply material for many an anecdoteofwon
drous murkmanship, which will beguile the tedium
of cabin, ward-room and forecastle at sea, lor
Years to come. He was the true hero of a well
known story, which occasionally goes the rounds
ol the newspapers, relative to a scene that occur
red somewhere iu the Mediterranean, between it
party of American and British officers, iu which
the 4*crack shot* ' ol the latter were 1*0completely
astounded by the superior skill of the American
Purser.?Mubtle Adv., Htk.
The following announcement, froin the Puma
tola GazHtr, is a sad sequel to the foregoing:
Dikd.?On the 12th inst., Anmk, and. on the 14th
inst., A ir(;i\u I).,both duughtersof the late Purser
r auntie roy, of the same disease.
The Kingston British Whig, noticing the large
settlement of fugitive slaves in Canada, iudiiluet
thus: -It may lie very well to rejoice when a slave
makes his escape, but CanaAi is paying dearly for
its whistle. The western portion of the province
is becoming literally filled up with blacks, who
threuten to do with the rising population the very
reverse of that which Sir Francis Bond Head said
the missionaries did with tho Indians. They
Whitened the complexion of the papooses?tho
negroes will darken that of the piccaninnies."
Japaxuse Empire.?Below we give an inte
resting account of the Japanese empire, which
has been kindly furnished to us by Air. Thomas
Troy. He has had extensive facilities for gain
ing information on the subject.
"The whole empire consists of sixty-six pro
vinces. The island Niphon contains'fifty, and
Kew-shoo nine, Schoke five, Yezo one, and Sa
dho one.
" The city <?f Jeddo is in the province of Moo
so-she. The chart points out eight huudrcd
and eight islands, including the four principal
ones, sonic ol which are rich in mineral pro
ductions. In the island Sadho there are rich
gold mines, but no one is allowed to work theui
but the convicts whom the government sends
there. I hey seldom live over three years;
some are never allowed to see the daylight.
1 hoy work the mines like a railroad tunnel, un
der^ the mountains, where some have to spend
their lifetime, without ever seeing the sun
again.
"On the east side of Kew-Shoo there is an
abundance of coal, and a good harbor for ship
ping at hand. The people mostly burn chai
cboal; they are forbidden lo cook with hard
coal, on account of tho gas?therefore the
mines are not much attended to.
"In the island of Hay-jay-jo-she-ma, all the
Emperor s clothing is made. He sends a ves
sel there fi\e times a year to bring his rich cargo
to Jeddo. Some of his junks are ornamented
with gold plates all round the bulwarks."
" 1 he most remarkable mountain is Foo-g-san,
in the province Soo-roog-au; it is ten miles
high, and the top is capped with snow nine ov
ten months in the year. In June and July it
is visited by great numbers of people from Jed
do and different parts of the country. The
people have a great many songs in praise of it
and its traditions. It is regarded sacred, and
no females are allowed to ascend it.
" TIhe present Emperor is about twenty-one
years ot age; his title is Thin-Kaw, which
means heaven beneath. His palace is in the
city of Jeddo; it is surrounded by a strong
wall, and outside the wall is a deep canal, full
of water; his arsenal is close to his palace,
built on a mound, where he retreats in case of
war. He keeps a strong life guard around him,
and when he rides out, which is very seldom,
he has ten or twelve of his ministers dressed iu
the same uniform with himself, so that no per
son may know him, so much is he afraid of his
own snbjects.
" When he passes through the city the people
must kneel down and keep their faces to the
grouud until lie is ont ot sight; they cannot
even turn their heads to look at him. They
have to do the same with all his ministers ot
state and public officers. The principal weapon
of war in Japan is the sword, which is large
and very sharp. A good swordsman is sup
posed to be able to fend off ten arrows, shot
at the same time, and he is thought to be able
to cut a musket ball in two if he sees the man
who is firing at him. Their use of the musket
is as follows?it has no flint, but goes with a
match, which is attached to the stock; they
hold the musket to the left shoulder and sup
port it with the left hand, while they touch it
oft with the right. 1 he people are not allowed
to keep fire arms in their houses."?Fran
cisco Times.
From thoChnrlvHton Moncury, dated,
"Eoisto, Sept. 10, 1853.
''The Sen Island crop will boar no compari
son in quantity with that of the last year, aa far
as I ran hoar from the various islands. On
this island, with the exception of a very few,
they will be much below the average. We have
had a season of extremes. In the first part of
the year, an excessive^droughtj'then came the
rains, which started the cotton to grow, by which
sudden and over abundant How of the sap most
of the young fruit was thrown off; and now,
owing to the treunent and excessive rains which
we have had within the last three or four weeks,
the rust has very extensively taken possession
of the fields, and made the plants shod their
leaves, forms and all the smaller pods. In ad
dition to nil this, the caterpillars have very
generally made their appearance, if they be
not destroyed by the planters whilst they are
now in the. early stage, and whilst in the state
of chrysalis, the most sotpous dumagc will be
done to all tho young cottons which have been
the least injuriously affected by the rains when
the caterpillars Rhall appear in their next
brood. Discovering that portion of one of my
fields of young and hackward cotton (but which
was very promising) had been very much eaten
by tho worms, and that the caterpillars had
just gone into the chrysalis, or trinket state, ns
it is sometimes called, 1 turned my hands into
the field, nnd they gathered about a bushel and
a half of the chrysalis rolled up in the leaves, in
tending to repeat the attack upon them in about
nix days, when other worms shall have rolled
themselves up. It is estimated that each moth,
(which proceeds from the chrysalis) deposits
500 eggs, at least, from which as many cater
pillars are produced to do their work of mis
chief, Consider, then, what an enormous des
truction of them is made by destroying even a
bushel of the chrysalis, when in the third gen
eration one eaterpillar is multiplied at the rate
of 500x500x500?125,000,000. I have accord
ingly been long of the opinion, that the injury
which the planters suffer from this great pest
to their cotton fields, might be greatly dimin
ished, if not entirely removed, by an early, per
severing, and general (but especially earlv) at
tack upon them as soon as they are discovered.
Many of our planters, however, console them
selves this year, with the reflection, that the rust
having stripped the cotton of the leaves, and
forms and tender pods, there is little left for the
oaterpillars to eat, and that they must, there
fore, die of starvation.
Smuggling.?Trinh linens and other good*,
which Mrs. Horrid Reecher Stowe brought with
her baggage from England, hnve been sei*ed by
the New York custom-house officers n* contra
band. She wax only desirous of savingthe duly,
and in the risk hn* lost her goods. There is a'
moral in this affair, which wc do not remember to
have aeen in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." We advise
her to incorporate it in the next edition?perhaps
it will help the sale. On examination, however
it may be found that "Topsy" had a hand in thia
*erv mysterious atliur.- AW IJnvm Regain,

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