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no. 9. DAILY. city op washington, tuesday morning, october 4, 1853. WASHINGTON SENTINEL IS Pt'iUSHKI) DAILY BY BEVERLEY TUCKER, Ward'* Building, near the Capitol, cm* or WASHINGTON. TERMS. Daily, per annuiu, in ndvunce $10 00 Tri-Weekly 5 00 Weekly 2 00 . To Clubs or Individuals, subscribing for live or more copies? Tri-Weekly, per annum, in utlvanee $3 00 ? Weekly " '* 1 50 Postmasters are requested to act as agents. PROSPECTUS OF THE "WASHINGTON SENTINEL." I PROPOSE to publish in the city of Washing ton. in September, a political newspaper, un der the name of the WASHINGTON SENTI NEL. In doing ho, it is proper I should make known the principles it will maintain, and the policy it wi'J> advocate. It will support cordially and earnestly the prin ciples of the Democratic party of the United State*. It does not pro|>ose to be the organ of any Depart ment of the Government, except in so far as an in dependent maintenance of the doctrines of that party may represent its opinions and express its views. It will not be ambitious to commend itself to the people by a blind (lattery of their rulers. It will seek public support by the l?old avowal of the sentiments which are common to the genuine Democracy of the Union, und by the condemna tion of all such as may conflict with them, from whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to be (and it will endeavor to deserve, the title) the organ of the Democratic party of the United States. The Sentinel will maintain, as a fundamental truth of that great party, that the States formed the Union between them by the ratification of the Con stitution as a compact; by which, also, they created the Federal Government, and delegated to it, as their common agent, the powers expressly specified in it, with an explicit reservation of ail others to the States, or to their separate govern inents. The exercise*of any powers beyond these thus delegated, is, therefore, an usurpation of the reserved authority of the States by the igent ol their o\fcn creatjon. The Sentinel will uphold and defenijl the Union upon the basis of the rights of the States?under the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding the latter, it will the more effectually strengthen and perpetuate the former. With regard to the exercise of the powers of the Federal Government, the Sentinel will take a the principles of its action, that Congress shall ex ercise no power which has not been delegated by the Constitution, according to a strict and lair in terpretation of its langutyfe and spirit: and that it shall not seek to attain indirectly an oli.jcit through the exercise of constitutional power, for the direct attainment of which it has no delegationi of power. In other words, all powers exercised must be clearly granted, and nil granted powers must be used for no purpose, except such us is clearly in tended by the Constitution. In respect to the internal administration of the Government, t her Sentinel will sustain the settled policy of the Democratic party. It Will labor to inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in ternal policy:?that this Government will best promote the freedom and prosperity of the people of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise power, and more anxious to preserve liberty; Und by leaving to the individual Slates the manage ment of all their domestic concerns?while it con tents .itself with guarding the confederacy from external violence, and directing the foreign policy of the country to the promotion of the common interests, and defence of the common rights, and honor of the States composing it. The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies, and correspond with the expanding interests of the country. That policy should be energetic and de rided; but should tempen firmness with liberality, and make its highest ends consist with the strictest principles of justice. The real interests of the country, upon each occasion demanding attention, will be its guide in the course the Sentinel will pursue. The national policy of the world in this age is essentially aggressive; In the growing sense ol weakness of some of the nationsofthe Old World and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com mon motive to colonial extension has developed itself. Our settled- determination to repel interference from abroad with our domestic, concerns, ?will prompt' us to avoid it in the ailairs of other coun tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy ?our peace should be threatened, our security endan gered, or our interests' invaded. For when the selfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights, nnd places in the pathway of our commerce ? dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, by war. Our foreign policy should, indeed, be defensive: but to be properly (lefmsire, it must sometimes be apparently aggressive. Our administration should be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world is full of important movements, commercial and politi' al. deeply concerning American trade and American power. It is time we had an American foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, nnd a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than every other people. We occupy the best portion of a continent, with no neighbors but a colony, nnd a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the only people whose own land, without colonial de pendencies, is washed by the two great oceans ol the world. Our agricultural productions are more varied and more essential to civilized life, and tc human progress?our mineral and manufacturing resources more vast?ourfacilities and capacity for internal and foreign commerce more extended than those of any other people living under one government. A continent, to a great extent, un explored nnd exhanstlcss in its yet hidden wealth. mi at our feet. European trade seeks the great East through avenues which are at our doors, or must Iks made through our own limits. Europe, Asia. Africa, and the isles of the sea. lying all around us, look to us as the rising power, through the agency of whose example, and ever widening and extending, though peaceful influences, the bless ings of liberty, civilization, and religion, are des tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti tion of the millions of the world. And shall such a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and act upon the high mission to which it is called ? A mission so full of hope, though so laden with responsibility, which, it properly directed, must make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of it* destiny. > The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a bold and earnest foreign policy, such as the condition ol the country demands; but it will advocate it under the flag ofthe country?nowhere else. Its foreign policy must be consistent with the spotless honor and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To lie respectable at home and abroad, and to be great in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing but what is right, and submit to nothing that is wrong. It must lie liberal and magnanimous tc the rights of others, and firm nnd immoveable in insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true tc its own interests, rights, nnd honor?it cannot then be false to those of other nations. Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be guided. Independent nnd free, we shnll endeavor to be honest and truthful. The true friends ot democratic principles we shnll cordially support and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de nounce. . To our future brethren of the press we extend the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the rival of no press of its own party?the personal enemy of none of the other. The present Democratic Administration has our (test wishes for its success in the establishment ot the great principles upon which it came into power nnd in its honest labors to attain such an end it will find the Sentinel its friend and coadjutor. Terms: For the Daily paper. $10 a year, in ad vance. For the Tri-weekly, $5 a year to single subscribers, and to clubs or persons subscribing for 5 or more copies, at the rate of $.1 a year. For the Weekly, 88 a year to single subscribers, and to clubs or persons subscribing for five or more copies, at the rnte of$l 50 a year; in all eases payment to be made in a<lvnnce. All communications should be post paid, and ad dressed to Beveiilv Ti*ckkr. flgir* Editors throughout the country are request ed to copy the above Prospectus, and send us d eonv of their paper, who shall receive in return a eopy of ours. HEVERLEY TUCKER. \vashinoton. Sept. 21,1853. CHESAPEAKE and Ohio Canal Stock wanted by PETER A. KELLER, Sep 21 Opposite the Treasury. ggcnrits aitfc fa to (Dffitts. OFFICERS AND MOU)IEHti OF THE Mexican war, or others having claim* against government.?Claims lor bounty land and invalid pensions, in bchulf of officers and Soldiers in the .Mexican. Florida, or Revolutiona ry war, or of 1M2, extra-pay. moneys paid for rain ing and subsisting troops; also, claims under the new pension law, in behalf of widows and or phans of officers and soldiers, prosecuted by 1 F. E. IIASSLKR, Sep 2n?ytlaw Washington, A GBNCY F(>M CLA1HW?The subscri f\ ber lately, and for a number of years past, a Clerk in the Pension Olfice, otters his services to the public as Attorney and Agent for prosecuting claims before Congress and the several Depart ments. Having access to the largest collection ol, evidence of Revolutionary service, particularly ot oliicers of the Stall' Department, to be found in the hands of any private individual, he feels eonlidcnt it will enable hint to render satisfactory and valu able service to those who may employ him to es tablish claims which have long remained suspend ed for want of proof and proper attention. Those engaging his services will be constantly kept advised of the progress of their claims. All communications to be post paid. He is permitted to refer to? Col. J.J. Abert, Chief of Corps of Top. Engineers. lohn Wilson, esq., Com. of the Gen. Jjand Office. I. L. Edwards, esq.. Jjate Com. of Pensions. f. G. Berret. esq., Postmaster, Washington, D. C. Mnj. J. H. Eaton, Late' Secretary of TVar. Beverley Tucker, Washington. ORRIS S. PAINE. Sep 21?3t rpOTRE HEIRS OF OFFICBR8 AND I Soldiers of the Revolutionary and other Wars.?The undersigned having established a per manent General Agency at the seat of Govern ment, for the prosecution of claims against the United States, continues to give his usual prompt Attention to all business entrusted to tus cure. The success he has achieved in bringing about a speedy settlement of old claims placed in his hands, justifies him in believing that he will be equally fortunate in behalf of his clients for the future. Suspended Pension and Bounty Land jases meet with special attention, and in no case will a fee be charged, unless the claim be allowed and paid by the Government. There art- many representatives of deceased Naval Officers who have claims that can be estab lished by applying to the subscriber. ROBERT H. GALLAGHER, Formerly of Virginia. References, (if necessary.) Chubb "Brothers, Bankers, Washington, D. C.; lohn S. Callagher. Esq., late Third Auditor of the U. S. Treasury; Hon. Jackson Morton, United States Senate; Drexell & Co., Bankers, Philadel phia; M. Jtidson, Esq., Banker. New Orleans; Wright & Williams. Bankers, Erie, Pennvslvunia; Maury & Morton. Bankers, Richmond, Va.; Bur :-oyne Jc Plume, Bankers, New York; Ellis & Mor ion, Bankers. Cincinnati, Ohio; and Johnson, Bro ther & Co., Bankers, Baltimore, Md. N. B.?I have facilities for establishing service Mt Wayne's War, by which all entitled to Bounty Land, or Pension can secure the same. The dif iculty heretofore in establishing the service re ferred to has grown out of the fact that the Depart ment itself has uo rolls of Wayne's War. R. II. G. Sep 21?.'It Washington. AW NOTICE.?KIDNEY S. BAXTER, late attorney general of Virginia, has re noved to Washington to practice law. He will practice in the Supreme Court of the United States, the courts of the District of Qoluin >ia, and attend to any professional business con fided to him. Olfice in Morrison's new building on 1J street, east of Pennsylvania avenue. RKFKRKNC'ES. Hon. J. .T. Allen, Hon. Wm. Daniel, Hon. Richard Moncure. Hon. G. B. Samuels, Hon. G. H. Lee, of the Court ,of Appeals ot Virginia. To the Judges of the Circuit Courts of Virginia. To the scnators'uud members of Congress from Virginia. gep 21?lyeod. (tn) TgENCY "at WAS H IN G TO N ?-To /\ Claimants.?FRANCIS A. DICK1NS con inues to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and other branches of the government, including commissioners under treaties, and the various public offices, lie will attend to pre imption and other land claims, the procuring of vatcnts for ,tlie public lands, anil procuring scrip or 'Virginia bounty land warrants, and the contin uation by Congress of grants and claims to lands, :laims for property lost in or taken for the service >f the United States; property destroyed by the Indians, or while in the possession of the United States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, widows", and 'lalf-pay pensions; claims for revolutionary ser vices. whether for commutation, half-pay, or Hjunty' lands; also, claims for extra and buck pay, fee., of soldicrsksailors and marines; as well those igainst the State of Virginia, as the United States; til claims, growing out of contracts with the gov ernment, for damages sustained in consequeneeof he aciton or conduct of the government; and, in leed, any business before Congressor the public of fices which may requirethc aid of an agent or attor ney., His charges will be moderate, and depend ing upon the amount of the claim and the extent >f the service. Mr. F. A. Diekins is known to most of those who have been in Congress within the last few years, ?r who have occupied any public attention at Washington. His office is on Fifteenth street, opposite to the Treasury Department, and next door to the Bank >f the Metropolis. All letters must be postpaid. Sep 2S?lyd (m) n ENERAIj AGENCY, Washington City, ijT D. C.?The subscriber offers his services to he public in the prosecution ofclaims before Con ;ress or any of the Departments of the Govern ment. Some years' experience as disbursing Agent it the Indian Department, with a general knowl edge of the mode of transacting business in the >ffices of the Government, enables him to promise satisfaction to all who may intrust business of this character to his care. He will also give special attention to the roller!ion f claims against parties residing in the District of Columbia or vicinity; to negotiating loans, as well is the purchase or sale of Stocks, Ileal Estate, Land Warrants, lfc? VJr., or furnish information to cor respondents residing at a distance, in reerard to my business which may interest them at' the seat >f Government. Office over the Banking-House of Sei.dkn. Withkrs it Co., to whom he refers. JAMES J. MILLER. N. B. References of the most satisfactory cha racter will be given to correspondents in whntever State they may reside. Sep. 31?1m A TTORNEY FORTHE'PROSECUTinN 2\. of Claims, at Washington City.?The under signed having been engaged successfully in the prosecution of (Maims before the Departments and !>cfore Congress, for several years, will attend promptly to all claims entrusted to his care, und especially Revolutionary Pensions, Bounty Land. Extra-pay. and (tensions for services in the war of IM2, and the Mexican war, as Well as all the In dian wars. Office on D street, one door east of 10th street. H. C. SPALDING, Sep 21?It Attorney. Law and claiw agency office, at Washington City.?Charles t. Sherman. Attorney at Law, respectfully tenders his profes sional services to the public. He will give prompt and careful attention to nny legal business confided to his care in any of the Courts of this District. He will give the same attention to the prosecution of claims against the Government, before any of the Departments or Congress. . In cases of fnag nitude or difficulty he willhe assisted by his father,. Charles E. Sherman, Esq., ?( this city. Office on Louisiana avenue. Sep 31?It durational. '"Columbian College, Washington, D. C. rrilitf collegiate year of this institution will here I urter consist of one continuous session, begm umu on the lust Wednesday in September, ami closiug on the lust Wednesday in June, on whirl. day the annual commencement tor conferring de grees will be held. , .. I The ensuing session will open on the istli ?ihe present month. The charges are: . llftnA For tuition per session of nine months. 5-1 u uu I I'se of room, furniture, library, and at tendance ? ?? Board, (per week) To those who do not l>oard ill college the charge for tuition is the same, and for the use furniture, library, fcc., $25 per session, fherc is uu admission fee of $10, and a small charge cach session for contingencies. Fuel and lights are lur nished at cost, aiul washing at 374 Ven.1* pe,r The necessary college expenses ol a boarding stu dent will not exceed $1?U or $190 per annum. A1 the bills are payable one half at the beginning, and the balance at the middle of the session With a view of giving to the different incuts of instruction a wider extension, and at tli same time of meeting a public want byf re"^'"? the advantage of the college available to a larger number and a more varied class ot students, some important changes have been made in the order and arrangement of the students. A new course has been adopted, styled ?he Scientific Course, and the degree of Batehelor of Philosophy (B. 1 ?) at tached to it. It will occupy about three v.ears, and will embrace all the studies of the regular course for the degree of Bachelor ol Arts, with the ex ception of the ancient languages. This course will be specially adapted to those who wish to ob tain what is called a practical edneatwn, the mathematical and scientific studies y11 ha\ greater prominence than usual, parlicu arly '"thenr application to the arts and business ol lite. 1 hose who may wish to become practical surveyors en gineers. or agriculturists, will be enabled, withth advice of the faculty, to select their ^'es with special reference to those objects, aud'v.1 ,r^'^ the aid of lectures and illustrations. Thtdoora ol the College will also be opened to those who nia> wish, under its general regulations, to P"J"8l'e anV brunch of study for any length ol time. Thty ina>. under the direction ol the faculty, ^Icct such sub; jects as are suited to their views and objects in life, and, on examination, may receive a regular certificate of their standing and proficiency in tlie S?Thc number of officers and instructors has lately been increased, and others will be added as the want* of 1110 several departments may reqiiire. _ Measures are in progress tor filling immediately the chair of chemistry, geology, mineralogy, and botany in a manner that will add greatly to the in terest and profit of those studies. The preparatory department has been l?ft0|>< under careful and efficient management, in a build ing which has been handsomely fitted up lor its reception. It has an able and experienced teacher, and is under the general supervision ot the facullly ? It will thus afford the best advantages lor laying the foundation of a thorough classical ami mathe inatical education. . ? Boarding pupils will be received under the im mediate care and direction ot the principal, and at about the same expense as regular college stu dtThe buildings have recently undergone thorough repairs, and the grounds are being laid out and un proved in a manner that will add much to tho con venience and attractiveness ol its already beauti ful situation. It is believed the College never presented so strong inducements as it now docs to*young men who desire to obtain a thorough and l'?Sep 21. ' rresident. MVERS1T Y OF VI UCi IN1 A.?The next session of this institution will open the 1st ol October, and close the 29th ot June tallowing. ? The university embraces the tollowing si he il.. viz- 1. ancient languages; 2. modern languages, 3, mathematics; 4. naturalPh^osophy. mineralogy, and eeology; 5, chemistry; 0, medicine, 7. coin parative anatomy, physiology, and surgery;..., mo ral philosophy, rLtoriv. and belles lettres. a id po litical economy; 9, law. Also a special anatomy and materia n, J* monstratorship of anatomv. The ^ h'")1.s ?f cient languages, modern language*, and inat ?? matics. have each an assistant instructor; and in the school of law there is an aHj??not The expenses, (not including clothing, books, or pocket-money,) are as follows: Tuition lee, say three schools, at $-<>? ach.$/.? 1)0 Boarding, including diet, room-hirniture, and attendance of servant, payable, in three instalments in advance w> Boom rent, two occupying a room, $?"* ^ ^ each' , ? (Rents without the prccints, something more.) , Matriculation fee, $15; contingent depo- ^ Washing, say $10; fuel and light, say $20 30 00 $258 00 Students of medicine are charged with four tickets, at $2.r> each, and a dissecting lee ol So. The fee in the immediate class ol law is 5<>U; in senior class, $75. OESgNER HARRISON, prp if Chairman of the Faculty; EDic^DEPARTMENT OF HAMP j\l den Sydney College, Richmond. A a-lhe Mx^enth annual course ol lectures will com mence on Monday, the 10th day ol Octotor 18o3. and continue until the 1st ol the ensuing March. The commencement for conferring degrees will be held about the middle ol March. R. L. Bohannan, M. I)., Prof. <>f Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children. L. W. Chamberlayne, M. D> 1 ro'- MnlcriB Medica and Therapeutics. * Martin P. Scott, M. D., Lecturer on Chemistry ""chas^'Be^Cribson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery aud ^Carter r."j32bn, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy and r,?)nvid It. Tucker, M. D., Prof, of Theory and PrArthurlEMPeticlXs, M. P., Demonstrator of Anatomy. . . The study of practical anatomy may l>e prosi cuted with the most ample facilities, and at vcr> tritliiur expense. . Clinical lectures are regularly given at the col lege infirmary and Richmond almshouse. lie in firmary, under the same roof with the college, and subject to the entire control ol the (acuity, is at all times well filled with medical and surgical cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities lor clinical in struction. Many surgical operations are perform ed in presence of the class; and the students, by ing freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under the guidance of the professors, unusual 0PP?"'' nitics for becoming familiar with the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment ot disease. , 1 Kxpknses.?Matriculation toe. $5. Profrssors fees. $100. Demonstrator's fee. $10. Graduation leeiarThc price of l?ard. including fuel, lights, and servants attendance, u usually $3<w IMi P<*r week. DAVID H. T g,.p 29?if ^^^^DeatM>nheFncultj^ ODBRH MNOUAOW-RK. a native of France, teacher ofModern Lan guages, especially French. Spanish, and German. Translations made with correctness and pum . u ality. Professor of Numesiuatics, for the classi cal ion and explanation of medals and Pennsylvania avenue, south side, between fth and 7th streets, opposite Brown s Hotel. Furnished Rooms to rent at that place. Sep 21?dtf RROWN'M MARBLE HOTEI., PENNSYLVANIA AVEXl'K, WASHINGTON CITY. T. P. Baoww. M- BROVr!'* Sep 21?dtf FINE PARLOR GRATES. Ju?t received direct from tha New Yoik maniifactureTS, for sal bv w-"-.HiR.R2Ln?u I Sep 81?eotw <n) #p the Patnotie Baak tfitasbington Sentinel. SPEECH OF JANES T. 1IUADY, At illt Grand Hard-fhtU Ratification Abulias' in I lit J'ark. New York City, on the Mt'tlh ?Vy> trmbrr, ultimo. This is uii occasion for heartfelt rejoicing among the true democracy of our State. Our [tarty in restored to its integrity. We have declared an absolute and eternal separatum from hypocrites, ingrates, ami traitors. Our banner is radiant with inscriptions which an nounce that we are hereafter to have no other guide in our progress than the holy light of principle?that wo will not suffer our political creed to be in any degree impaired or sullied by alliance with any man or set of men for the mere attainment of place or power. Here, un der the pure sky, in the autumn air, free as should he our thoughts and actions, let us re solve that at no time, and under no temptation, will we consent to any union or harmony, except such as may bind and consecrate the ranks of the people in the honest and steadfast effort to . promote the permanence and pros perity of the American confederacy, to uphold in its full vigor the federal Constitution, and to insure the triumph of the democratic party and its principles. We have had hitter experience in jieruiitting an association with treachery. In an evil hour our party received upon its bosom adders, in which there lingered a little animation. They warmed into life under our protection, and, true to their foul instincts, sought to destroy us. We heard their hiss? wc saw thoir protruding fangs. If our party had been but an infant Hercules it could have strangled them. It is a mature giant, and shall crush them forever. I am very glad that we have met elsewhere than in yonder build ing, the fame and the authority of whose name and associations can no longer attract or de ceive. Tammany,Hall'is in the hands of a desperate faction. We can regain it if we choose, but the event would not compensate the effort. In the progress which now charac terizes every movement of the age, it is time that traditionary reverence for such places should lose its hold on the people. * The proud reminiscenses connected with that hall shall live in our memories, but when treason and dishonor disgrace its walls, we must turn from it to breathe a purer atmosphere?we mbst seek the light of the day, and, holding up our sentiments to the full gaze of our fellow-men, be judged by no other standard than the real merit of our thoughts and our deeds. There is but one oracle for the democracy? it is the will of the people. Its responses un decisive wherever uttered. Its power cannot be confined within the narrow precincts pre scribed by an antiquated and corrupted corpo ration, or a society known only by unmeaning mummeries and significant conspiracies. It is time, too, that you and the democrats of this State should be informed what is this Society of Tammany or Columbian Order, which, with its sachems, seeks to exercise despotic sway over us through the alternate seasons of blos soms, flowers, fruits, and snows. Its ceremo nies, drawn from the customs of Indians, are now only effet live in Indian craft and cruelty. It was created by statute in 180o?that "good old time" when the destinies of our party were controlled by an elect few?the precursors of those magnates, plethoric with office and re ward, who afterwards, in small committee ? rooms, marked out the course which the peo ple were obediently to follow. A change has come over the spirit of that dream. The right ful authority stolen from the masses is return ing to them; and if the people of this city, spurning all artful demagogues, rejecting all attempts at leadership, will hut. attend to their own interests and exert the power they possess, they will no longer be cheated or enslaved by the sanctity of mere names, the stratagems of place-hunters, the . schemes of unscrupulous ambition; the machinations of treason, or the violence of lawless hirelings. \\ hat is the con stitution of this Tammany Society? What are its by-laws? I do not ask those who belong to the association?who joined it at the time of its honor and integrity, when it was content to be the servant, and did not aspire to be the master of the democracy. I put the question to those who, like myself", wi re never admitted to its embrace, and never sought to be?who never witnessed the impressive ceremonies of the wigwam, nor saw the Maze of the council fires, nor drank at the waters of the "Great Spring."' What, I inquire again, are the prin ciples and provisions of its constitution and by-laws ? You might as well ask the sphynxes of the Egyptian desert to tell you the names of their sculptors. Everv member received into the dark arcana of the imaginary Saint Tammany is bound by pledge not to disclose what its constitution and by-laws are. Secrecy, gloom, mystery, surround this nioloch to which the right and power of the people of New York are continually sacrificed. Hut some of its sys tems are revealed. It has a grand council of thirteen, a majority of wliein?seven illustrious sachems?may scalp the democratic party at pleasure, and holding up the bloody trophy and the dripping tomahawk, shout a wild war-song of triumph over the victim. Seven men, not "in buckram," but* with the insignia of the anti-renters, and perhaps with the same amount of integrity, may decide upon the regularity of the general committee, chosen by the demo cracy of the city and county of New York. And it is under this power that the Indians in council have presumptuously pronounced against the organization of which Thomas J. Barr is chairman. 1 will not imitate the ex ample of our traitor foes, by culling names, but 1 ask you if these anointed sachems and their followers, meeting, scheming, stabbing, and holding their savage orgies in the dark, are not indians ill feeling, habit and action. I tin derstand that u gentleman named Ten Kyek, the clerk of King's county, and a resident of Brooklyn, who supported the mongrel Buffalo ticket in I S 18,wielded the |towcr of ejecting our committee by his omnipotent vote. The Tani manv Society is a corporation?Tammany Hall is its private proiierty: which it leases to indi viduals. What becomes of the moneys of the corporation 1 know not. But I would like to 1h> informed, when, where, and how, that cor poration obtained the power to decide who com posed the democratic party, and at what times or places the people of New \ ork should express their opinions or exert their power. I have ex aminee the lease under which the building is now held by my friend Howard and others. It is a portentous document?longer than , the Constitution of the I'nited States. It provides, amongst other things, that the lessee shall not let the hall, or any part of it, for any political purpose, to any person whose "general princi ples do not appear " to the lessees or the society to " be in accordance with the general principles of the democratic republican general committee, of which (such is the lauguageoftheinstrument) Elijah F. PurJv is at present chairman." The lease is dated 'J"th December, 1842. At. that date there was no taint of abolition or free soil in the democratic party; and it is plain enough that, tested by the standard above given, only those who agree with us are entitled to assemble iu Tammany Hall. Hut the lease further declares that, in ease of "a doubt arts in>r in the mind" of lessor or lessees, or "in the mind of the grand sachem," as to the political character of any persons wishing to meet in the hall, steps shall be taken bv which the "father of the council" shall call that solemn conclave together, that they may decide whether the meeting shall be held or not, and tlipir decision shall be conclusive. Such are the stipulations between the Tammany corporation and its ' lessees, and 1 care not to interfere with them. But when and how did the peonle become a party to that contract ? When did you promise that no democratic meeting should be held, or be worthy the confidence ofthe people,unless it be held in Tammany Hall? A delusion has existed l on this subject which should be dispelled. And I would ask the people of this country whether they admit that they are the slaves of a corpo (Tation which can absolutely control them in the exercise of their highest rights of freemen? De Mauprat says to liichelieu: " For juntk'p, ulrc, All place * temple, and nil cea*onn Hummer.' What shall restrict the principle of democracy? It encompasses the whole earth?its light does not alternate with any other, as do moon and sun in their respective- circuits, but sheds its ef fulgence everywhere and at all times, despite of bolts, bars, walls, spies, despots, and arma ments. It shines upon the soul of the poor captive in the deep and dismal dungeon from which the'tyrant has excluded cverv ray ol heaven's blessed light. It animates, fructifies, and ennobles humanity, sending its beams to ward that period sure "to come, when under its divine influence all shackles and gyves shall fall from our race, and all nations and people exult in the fearless and full enjoyment of civil and religious freedom. Is the Tammany So ciety a Joshua to arrest that holy light? Can this" corporation, greater than Canute, roll back the surges of popular will? Let the lathers, the sachems, aud the scribes, fence round their wigwam, however strongly?let them issue edicts with no matter how much form and eere monv?still the people, their masters, will meet when and where they please, and in such measure as they prefer, from the mildest breath ings of gentle invitation to the loudest thun der tones of omnipotent decree, demand the observance of their supreme will. Woe to the audacious few who essay to interrupt the man date or resist its power. There was a gathering in Tammany the other night by gracious permission of the sov ereign sachems. A pow-wow was held, and certain great chiefs were expected, who did not come; but there were some who had the merit of Falstaff's soldiers. They were mortal, and would fill a pit as well as better men. They imitated Dogberry, and bestowed all their tediousness on the impatient multitude. In the absence oforators, they had recourse to literary entertainment: but what thev omitted was bet ter than what they read. The audience would have been quite inspired if the letters of Messrs. Bronson aud () Conor had been exhibited ; but the secretary, like agentleman ofthe same faction to be more particularly mentioned presently, had no time to read them. Thanks to the press, which has leisure for such communications, and even to examine platforms, the missives had reached the public eve. The collector strike?, with ponderous battle-axe, an honest and stun- | ning blow at treachery, bullyism, and impotent State policy; the district attorney puts in some ?terrific blows in the same fashion. 1 wonder how the governor, and what Mr. O Conor hap pily calls the "unimpressive exceptum," have felt since these onslaughts were made. It ap pears that no hope or fear pointing to the Ex ecutive has extended beyond the surveyor and postmaster?"Arcades ambo." The antecedents as well as the incidents of that meeting are most interesting, and in considering them I must briefly call your' attention to a little of our State history since 1847. It is quite im portant to know who and what arc the men re ceived into the embrace of St. Tammany, ami who modestly seek to ostracise us from the democratic partv. I suppose it is admitted that their leader" is the gentleman sometimes, called " the Prince," and whose resemblance to one prince will appear presently. ^ ou all know John Van Buren by reputation, and have, perhaps, seen ftnd heard him. He is well worth looking at and being listened to. but a very dangerous person to follow or to imitate. His first great political prominence began when, like Hamlet, he ehtered upon the duty of avenging the sacrifice of his father. There were some indications, as in the case of the Danish prince, that he would seek direful re tribution for the wrong his parent suffered ; but the purpose seemed, as with his predecessor, to wane bv degrees. At last it uied out, when " union and harmony" offered a chance to him and his followers to coalesce with the democra cy bv a cohesion of public plunder." He was very conspicuous at Syracuse in 1H47, as he was also in the present month. He can be no torious and effective in leading a faction, but he will never govern or guide a party. He is eminently destructive, but not constructive. He can demolish, but not build. He will gain most fame in a minority, and we will aft'ord him the opportunity for that acquisition. He resembles in taste the Koman emperor Commodus, who preferred the triumps and title of the gladiator to the imperial dignity and power even of the CVsar. As captain of a Pnrtorian guard, or a troop of free lances, he may occasionally gain some small reward for himself and fol lowers: but it will require an extraordinary and for him most fortunate concurrence of circumstances to make him the choice of the people of this State for any responsible trust, lie went to Syracuse, and his peculiarities soon developed themselves. He seems delighted that quiet and orderly democrats were terrified at his approach and "the demonstrations of his gang. He became the leader of a triumvirate in n^new reign 'of terror. He chose for associ ates the didactic and pliable Cochrane, and the active and unscrupulous Fowler. The stealthy Purser was on the outside ot the crowd, an<! would have been serviceable in ham-stringing, if such an important duty had been confided to him.. Those are now the rulers of the I ultima nv Society. Cochrane was the principal speaker the other night, and e\ inccd great caution in not undertaking to explain how obligations to the government required hint to be present when his friend of the Albany At In* sought to unseat a delegate in Syracuse by a method not recognised in peaceful political conventions. | The postmaster has got some qualities that i make him a favorite with a few. One feature in his character is predominant?the love of the ridiculous; and 1 am quite certain it was never fullv satisfied until he found himself installed as "grand sachem of the Tamany Society. I hope his health has not suffered from that shock. It must lie a source of great amusement to him and the surveyor to talk these matters over, if they have not forgotten that they left the democratic general committee in 1848 ex-^ prcssly because they would not approve or1 sustain the democratic ticket then presented to the people. These are the men who call us " bolters." Their political career may l>e sketched in a narrow compass. The whole ot our CUIUS! ilitiful difficulties arc traceable to a single .Ull?._th<' disappointment and vindictiveness ui' Hit obsolete statesman, the late Martin V an Buren. I don't know when the spirit of the enthusiastic* antiquarian was more strikingly exhibited than on the 4th of July, 1W>2,, when the Tauunauy Soeietv, after a search in the tlcbrti of political doings, presented, as curious fossils to an admiring world, the names of \ an Buren and ah old acquaintance, Churchill C. Cambrcleng, who had for some years been enjoying svlvau ipiict in the obscurity so well adapted to'his merit, and so much required for the public good. Martin Van Hurra observed that the "sober second thought of the people is alwavs right. II'* should' not- hu\e coin plained'when the truth of the apothegm was illustrated by consigning liim to the "private station," after the State of which he was satiri cally called the " favorite" had refused U> give him its electoral vote, which it subsequently bestowed on Mr. Polk. The politicians of the Van Buren school had been so long accustomed to control political affairs that they thought the offices belonged to them rather than to the peo ple ; and when the people rebelled against the dictator, he did not graciously or dutifully sub mit, but determined to unfold ut a suitable period the standard of treason. The opportu nity arose in is 17. Discovering that they did not" own the, nation, the Van Buren dynasty insisted that they would claim at least the fee of the State. Tliey proposed to do this by de manding certain nominations in the Syracuse convention, the mastery of which body they vainly strove to obtain. When they were de feated in that eifort, and not till then, they com missioned our portly, friend, Prestox King, to act a treasonable part in the convention, and he performed it in these words: "I will throw int,, this convention the firebrand of freedom." The brand feel extinguished and harmless. It was the Wilinot proviso.- Resolved to defeat the ticket, the conspicuous malcontents of the convention entered on their mission to rule 01 ruin. Amongst them was John Van Brass, Preston Kino, Georoe Rathbin, of Cayuga, Martin 0rover, and others of equal note.? The Cochrane*, Fowi.krs, and Pcrsers, ap peared in a later stage of the drama. They held a convention on the 20th October, 1847, at Herkimer, at which the Wilmot presided.? His free-soil speech was fully endorsed iu the address and resolutions prepared bv a commit tee, of which John Van Br rex was one. It was there that the Prince called the members of the convention his "fellow-traitors," and told them he would not vote our ticket. What he and his coadjutors called the great principle of freedom was their only motto-, and it was under the miserable pretence of advocating that principle thev made their treason effective.? The charge of acting with the whigs that had been made against him is now preferred against us by certain prints, with a facility in untruth almost' equal to that of the false and faithless Kivnin;/ IW, the conduit for stale anecdotes and fresh misrepresentations. 1 never think of the editors of that print but 1 fancv what would be their most suitable em ployment?the junior busy in piling faggots about some-victim immolated because he dared to question their infallibility, and the senior, with grim and unmoviug face, chanting a new Thanotopsis, while the flames ascended in the work of destruction. What said the Prince: "He could not consent to abandon a position he knew to be just, l>ccause whigs saw lit to tlock to the same standard, any more than he would fly from the face of the Mexicans be cause he saw a whig reinforcement wheeling into line." His subsequent proceedings proved that he cared very little who his associates were if lie could but "defeat the democratic ticket, lie and his free-soil followers lost us the State on that occasion. The next movement of the traitors was tlieir I'tica convention of 1848, when thev sent delegates to the Baltimore con vention oVthat year. Amongst these delegates were Van Br rev, Ratiumw. and Grover.? The free-soil doctrine was again declared. Cass was nominated, and the traitors, to use then word, "bolted" again. Now came the mo ment for Martin Van Burev's revenge. He had nuturcd the thirst for it with the constancy of 1>arii-s, who. because tin* Athenians had thwarted him, was awakened every morning with the injunction *'To remember the Athe nians." On the 18th of July, 18-18, the avengers met wlie^e we meet now. Robert Ivellcy, their can didate for comptroller now, was one of the vice presidents. The yielding and adaptative Dix sent an approving letter to that assemblage. John Cochrane offered the resolutions, one ol which was to the effect that he and his "fellow traitors" denounced "in advance all projected compromises or surrenders of the vital princi ple of freedom, regardless of their origin, their object, or their extent," and pledging them selves to labor " unceasingly" for the repeal of any law for the extension of slavery. I lie traitors next appeared at the Buffalo gathering, and amalgamated with the abolitionists, inclu ding the renowned Frederick Douglass, who should not have compromised himself by such an association, because, as he is struggling for the melioration of his race, we can justly ac credit him with a sincerity which his white con federates never felt. Then the names of Mar tin Van Buren and Charles tranCis Adams, a whit:, were put on the same ticket. At another convention in Utica, in September. 18-I8. that ticket was adopted, and Dix was nominated for ?rovernor. He was much more decided then in his inclination to reside at Albany than he I now is to visit France. he candidate for lieutenant governor. Seth M. < >ates, an aboli tion refugee from the whig party, was nomina ted bv Cochrane. On that occasion appeared another of tile free-soil managers, who spoke the other nigh, at Tammany against time and the wishes of his auditory?Mr. bamuel J. Tib den. The chairman of the committee which call cd the late Tanimanv meeting, our old acquaint ance, Lorenzo B. ttnepard, had not. at the date Inst referred to, fallen among the free-soilers, though his feats in balancing, and the prob lem as to the place of his ultimate deposit, were eliciting the admiration of all who felt an in terest in political gymnastics. Up to this time, the traitors, with the single idea of free soil as their rallying cry,, had succeeded in de feating our ticket at three elections. Some of their hungry followers now began to clamor for place, and it was thought judicious to attempt a conciliation with the democracy. i heir leaders fcit that this must be encouraged. Another presidential election was approach in" and everv man who knew anything was well aware "that no one had the slightest I chance of being nominated at the democrat j ie convention, who had about him the faintest ; odor of abolition. To prevent political ann?* ; hilation the traitors resolved to crawl back into onr ranks, as I predicted at Tammany Hall they would do. The fatal error our party com mitted was in receiving them, unless they came ' in sackcloth and ashes to repent of their sins in passive humility. To give them an emijW ; chance for position or reward with from whom they had deserted in former l^uk-s was a gross outrage on the honest and stead ! rauk and tile. Two conventions were held at WASHINGTON SENTINEL TERMS OF ADVERTISING. One square (ten lines) 1 insertion fO 50 '? ? ' ?? 2 ? 75 '? " ? 3 " 1 00 I week.. 3 00 ki " I month ? 00 Yearly advertisements subject to special ar rangement. Long advertisement* at reduced rates. Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices ia serted gratuitously. All correspondence on business mu*t be prepaid. Home in 1H-19. 'Hie frvo-aoilers had among thorn John \ nn Huron, Mr. drover and Mr. Cochrane. An effort was then made to effect ''union und harmonv," but the trustors had not yet prepared themselves to abandon their one principle and lay their banner in the dust. John Van Buren avowed his readiness to har monize there, butonlv because it was a Vtnuni cipai election." And theTe lie uttered this me morable language: "It was his duty to make, ou a previous occasion, a declaration, and if (}od spared his life and reason he should act up to it?that no power on earth should induce him to support a man for the Presidency that did not believe human slavery to be an unmixed evil, and was not prepared to use all constitu tional means to abolish it." The Prince is not dead nor insane, and he spoke and labored for the election of Pierce. The effort at Romw tailed, but afterwards the trading politicians of both divisions of our party, tired of exclusion from the spoils, formed an unprincipled^ and . mean alliance. Prominent in tnat transaction was Horatio Seymour, whoso reward was the office of governor. 1 have no harsh words for him. I look back to the convention of 1847, of which he and I were both members. J recol lect how firm, enthusiastic, and even fierce h? then was in his efforts to destroy the Van Huron influence in this State forever.- It was the ob ject nearest to his heart. He has abandoned his cause, and sought position at .the expense of consistency. He has sealed his political doom. He will retire from his present position for private life, falling like Lucifer, " never to hope again.", When the Haltimore convention again met, and Pierce was nominated, the free, soilers as a party, hnd ceased to exist, and all of them pretended to approve the platform of principles laid down at that convention. Fore most in this feat of wondrous conversion was John Van Buren, whose deglutition like his leisure, must have been greater than it now is; lor the demands upon his time have been so great, that he has not yet examined the'rcsolutions of his fellow traitors at Syracuse. 1 would like to bo present when he examines them, and see how he reconciles them with his repented avowalsthat he devoted his life and talents to the cause of free, dom, which he has now deserted. History cau find no instances of a total abandonment of principle from sordid motives, and for base ends, similar to that which has stamped the shame less career of the free-soil party in the State of New York. I well remember that the Prince, in one of his effective speeches, said that ho would be guided in his career by the '' northern lights." They faded out when the presidential sun rose in the east, and men wondered whether he would turn his face in that direction, or fix Ills gaze on the southern cross. 1 believe, from the demonstrations made at Syracuse, that his devotion finally settled upon Mars. But there is no certaintv that a new Aurora Borealis will not restore his looks and his worship to the point of his first adoration. The free-soilera profess to have abandoned their principle. What guaranty have we for their sincerity. What one of their presses has declared that it approves the platform which the apostates adopted at Syra cuse? The Eve Hint/ l'oxf, skilled beyond paral lel in the expert use of indirect and amibiguous language, to express one, thjng while believing another, found its ingenuity unequal to the task of seeming to endorse that platform. No other journul need therefore attempt prevarication on this point with the slightest hope of success. I see no safety for the democratic partv but in adherence in its principles and separation from traitors. 1 he policy of conciliation has injured and is now injuring us exceedingly. It ha* placed the national administration under the control of a selfish, scheming, and vindictive politician-, whose N an Buren education has not been extirpated, and who has prostituted a high office to the base purpose of. gratifying private resentment. Mr. Murcy, too, is angry beeauso the people did not make him President. The audacity of such men is startling. It is about time that the ambitions should learn that no matter how eminent their merit or abilities, they have no prescriptive or other title to the honors or offices in the gift of the jK-oyde, and that the people will Jtcstow them on whom they please. This is a very plain truth, but our old politicians obstinately refuse to Understand it. One moro lesson will lie taught them when the next pre sidential nomination is made. We will take care not to be cheated, and so insure an ad ministration capable of earning honor for itself while it secures prosperity to the country. Wo will not have the treasury of the democracy expended in appeasing or purchasing Coch ranes or Fowlers. We will give practical evi dence of our belief that Presidents and cabi nets, the hopes of the aspiring, and the threats of the treacherous, are as dust in the balance when compared with the-desire and duty of the democratic party to keep its faith unimpaired and its escutcheon bright. We begin now the cleansing of our party from a leprous associa tion. We submit to the people of this State the grave question whether this right of speech and action are to be controlled by apostates or hirelings?whether physical force shall be the arbiter in political conventions, and our rights, as freemen, surrendered to the lawlessness of a mob. And to the people of this city we leave to decide whether the rotten corporation of Tammany is to keep us in the abject condition of vassals and slaves. I have no fear or dis trust as to what will be the responses to these i|iiestions. A few words about mvself and I will have finished. For the first time in my life I am the nominee for an elective office in the gift of the people. The nomination is on? which I did not seek or expect, nnd which I would not have accepted if our party, in its full integrity and power, could rely with certainty upon the election of its candidates. But in the cause which we now sunport, I desire the honor of sharing any defeat which may fall upon the true democracy. 1 would rather be one of three hundred to perish for patriotism in a new Thermopylae than receive the greatest reward of any ignoble triumph. But I see no discour agement in the present or the future. If we be true to ourselves, we, the uationnl demo cracy, must and shall control this State, and the nation. The friends ? of the American Union regard its preservation as the highest dutv ofthe citizen; and whenever and wherever, and by whatever name they take the field to discharge that duty, I will he of their number So will you; and when our time of triumph comes, we will have the glorious satisfaction of feeling that our victory hn<s been won with out asking or receiving aid from any traitor or apostate. ine natures an* like poems?a glanc* at the first two lines suffices for a guess into the beauty that waits you, if you read on.?Bui iter. ??..Sin is never at a stay; if we do not re tract from it, we shall advance in it; and the further on we go, the more we have to come back?Jiarrvtc. |?jU. The lightsome countenance of a friend giveth such an inward decking to the house where it lodgeth, as proudest palaces have cause to euvy the gilding.?-Sir Sidney.