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ia published daily by beveblby tuckeh, Ward's Building, tuar the Capital, city OF washington. TUKMS. Daily, per annum, ia advance 910 00 Tri-Weekly. 3 00 Weekly.. 2 00 To Clubs or Individuals, subscribing for five or more copies? Tri-Weekly, per annum, in atlvunce $3 00 Weekly " " 1 50 $&T~Postmasters are requested to act as agents. PROSPECTUS or THE "WASHINGTON SENTINEL" 1 PROPOSE to publish in the city of Washing ton, in September, a jjolitical newspaper, un der the name of the WASHINGTON SENTI NEL. In doing so, it is proper I should make known the principles it will maintain, and the policy it will advo^te. ft will supjiort cordially and earnestly the prin ciple* of the Democratic party of the United States It does not propose to be the organ of any Depart ment ot lhe Government, except in so fur as an in dependent maintenance of the doctrines of thut party ruay represent its opinions and express its views. r It J*"' not k? ambitious to commend itself to the people by a blind flattery of their rulers. It will seek public support by the bold avowal of the sentiments which are common to the genuine Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna tion of all such as may conflict with them, from whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to l>c (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the Sua" lhe Democra"c Pnrfy of the United . T/1" i.SPT"'EL will maintain, as a fundamental truth of that great party, that the States formed the L nion between them by the ratification of the Con stitmion as a compact; by which, also, they created the Federal Government, and delegated to it as their common agent, the powers expressly specified in it, with an explicit reservation of all others to the States, or to their separate govern ments. lhe exercise of any powers beyond these thus delegated, is, therefore, an usurpation of the reserved authority of the States by the agent ot their own creation. B The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Union upon the basts of the rights of the States?under the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding the latter, it will the more eflectually strengthen and perpetuate the former. \Vith, r^ard to l'ie exercioe of the powers of the federal Government, lhe Sentinel will take as the principles of its action, that Congress shall ex ercise no power which has not been delegated by the Constitution, according to a strict and fair in terpretation of its language and spirit; and that it ?hall not seek to attain indirectly an object through toe exercise of constitutional power, for the direct attainment of which it has no delegation of power. In other words, all powers exercised must be clearly granted, and ail granted powers must be used for no purpose, except such as is clearly in tended by the Constitution. In respect to the internal administration of the trovernment, Uie Sentinel will sustain the settled policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in ternal policy: that this Government will best promote the freedom and prosperity of the people of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise power, and more anxious to preserve liberty; and by leaving to the individual States the manage ment of all their domestic concern.*?while it con tents itself with guarding the confederacy from external violence, and directing the foreign policy of the country to the promotion of the common interests, and dcfence of the common rights, and honor of the States composing it. The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies, and correspond with the expanding interests of the country. That policy should be energetic and de cided; but should temper firmness with liberality and make its highest ends consist with the strictest principles of justice. The real interests of the country, upon each occasion demanding attention, will be its guide in the course the Skntinel will pursue. The national policy of the world in this age is essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ot weakness of some of the nations of the Old World, and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com mon motive to colonial extension has developed itself. Our settled determination to repel interference from abroad with our domestic concerns, will prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun tries, vnkss by their foreign or colonial policy onr peace should be threatened, our security endan gered, or our interests invaded. For when the f-elnsli interests of other nations prompt a foreign or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights, and places in the pathway of our commerce a dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, I v war. ' Our foreign policy should, indeed, be defensive; but to be properly defensive, it must sometimes be apparently aggressive. Our administration should be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world is full of important movements, commercial and political, deeply concerning American trade and American power. It is time we had an American foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot avoid it it we would. We have larger interests, and a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than every other people. We occupy the l<est portion of a continent, with no neighbors but a colony, and a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the only people whose own land, without colonial de pendencies, is washed by the two great oceans ol the world. Our agricultural productions are more varied and more essential to civilized life, and to human progress?our mineral and manufacturing resources more vast?our facilities and capacity for internal and foreign commerce more extended than those ot any other people living under one government. A continent, to a great extent, un explored and exhaustless in its yet hidden wealth, is at our feet. European trade seeks the great East through avenues which are at our doors, or must be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia. Africa, and the isles of the sea. lying all around us, look to us as the rising power, through the agency ol whose example, and ever widening and extending, though peaceful influences, the bless ings of liberty, civilization, and reiigion, are de? tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti tion of the millions of the world. And shall such a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and act upon the high mission to which it is called? A mission so full of hope, though so laden with responsibility, which, it properly directed, must make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its destiny. The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a bold and edmcst foreign policy, such as the condition ot the country demands; but it will advocate it under the flag of the country?nowhere else. Its foreign policy must be consistent with the spotless honor and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing but what is right, and submit to nothing that is wrong. It must be lilteral and magnanimous to the rights of others, and lirm and immoveable in insisting on its own. It must, in tine, be true to its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then be false to those of other nations. Such, then, is the chart~by which M*e shall be guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor to be honest and truthful. The true friends ol democratic principles we shall cordially support and defend. Its enemies in the field or in'ambuth we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de nounce. To our future brethren of the press we extend the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the rival of nri nresa of its own party?the personal enemy of nfflric of the other. The present Democratic Administration has our best wishes for its success in the establishment ot the great principles upon which itcnuic into power; 'J1 j'8? labors to attain such an end it v m find the Sentinel its friend and coadjutor. Terms: For the Daily paper, 810 a year, in ad vance. *or the Tri-weekly, JW a yearto single subscribers, and to clubs or persons subscribing for & or more copies, at the rate of S3 a year. For the Weekly. 33 a year to single sub Jribers, and to clubs or persons subscribing for five or more copies at the rate offl 50 a year; in all cases payment to be made in advance. All communications should be post paid and ad dressed to Beverly Tuck**. Editors throughout the country are request ed to eopv the above Prospectus, and send ns a copy of their paper, who shall receive in return n copy of oars. BEVERLEY TUCKER. Washington, Sept. 21, 18S3. CHESAPEAKE and Ohio Canal Stock wanted by PETER A. KELLER Sep 21 Opposite the Treasury. WASHINGTON SENTINEL. VOL. r " * ~ " 1Ai L Y. " NO. 19. GITY OF WASHINGTON, SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 15, 1853. ?taati0nal. Columbia!* College, W auklngton, D. C. Ilhe collegiate year of this institution will here . aAer consist of one continuous session, begin ning on the last Wednesday in (September, and closing 011 the last Wednesday in June, on which day the annual commencement for conferring de gree* will be held. The ensuing session will open on the 28th ot the present mouth. The charges are: For tuition per session of nine months, $40 00 Use of room, furniture, library, and at tendance ? 30 00 Hoard, (per week) 2 25 To those who do not board in college the eharge for tuition is the same, and for the use of room, furniture, library, &c., $25 per session. There is an admission fee of $10, aud a small charge each session for contingencies. Fuel and lights are fur nished at cost, and washiug at 37} cents per dozen, ijhe necessary college expenses of a boarding stu dent will not exceed $180 or $190 per annum. All the bill* are payable one half at the beginning, and the balance at the middle of the session. With a view of giviug to the different depart ments of instruction a wider extension, and at the same time of meeting a public want by rendering the advantage of the college available to s larger number and a more varied class of students, some important changes have been made in the order and arrangement of the students. A new course lias been adopted, styled the Scicntific Course, and the degree of Batehelor of Philosophy (B. P.) at tached to it. It will occupy about three years, and will embrace all the studies of the regular course for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, with the ex ception of the ancient languages. This course will be specially adapted to those who wish to ob tain what is called a practical education, as the mathematical and scientific studies will have greater prominence than usual, particularly in their application to the arts and business of life. Those who may wish to become practical surveyors, en gineers, or agriculturists, will bo enabled, with the advice of the faculty, to sclect their studies with special reference to those objects, aud will receive the aid of lectures aud illustrations. The doors ot the College will also be opened to those who may wish, under its general regulations, to pursue any branch of study for any length of time. They may, under the direction of the laculty, select such sub jects as are suited to their views and objects in life, and, on examination, may receive a regular certificate of their standing and proficiency iu the same. The number of officers and instructors has lately been increased, and other? will be added as the wants of the several departments may require. Measures are in progress for filling immediately the chair of chemistry, geology, mineralogy, and botauy iu a manner that will add greatly to the in terest atfd profit of those studies. The* preparatory department has been placed under careful and efficient management, in a build ing which has been handsomely fitted up for its reception. It has an able and experienced teacher, and is under the general supervision of the faculty. It will thus afford the best advantages for laying the foundation of a thorough classical and mathe matical education. Boarding pupils will be received under the im mediate enre and direction of the principal, and at about the same expense as regular college stu dents. The buildings have recently undergone thorough repairs, and the grounds are being laid out and im proved iu a manner that will add much to the con venience and attractiveness of its already beauti ful situation. It is believed the' College never presented so strong inducements as it now does to young men who desire to obtain n thorough and liberal educa tion. J- S. BACON, Sep 21. President. TTNIVKRSITY OF VIRGINIA.?The next session of this institution will open the 1st oi October, and close the 29th of June following. The university embraces the following schools, viz: 1, ancient languages: 2, modern languages; 3, mathematics; 4. naturalphilosophy.mineralogy, and geology; 5, chemistry; 6, medicine; 7, com parative anatomy, physiology, and surgery; 8, mo ral philosophy, rhetoric, aud belles lettres, and po litical economy; 9, law. Also a lectureship oi special anatomy and materia medica, and a de monstratorship of anatomy. The schools of an cient languages, modern languages, and mathe matics, have each an assistant instructor; and in the school of law there is an adjunct professor. The expeuses. (not including clothing, books, or pocket-money,) arc as follows: Tuition lee, say three school*, at $25 each .$75 00 Boarding, including diet, room-furniture, and attendance of servant, payable in three instalments in advance 120 00 Room rent, two occupying a room, $8 each 8 00 (Rents without the precints, something more.) Matriculation fee, $15; contingent depo sit, $10 25 00 Washing, say $10; fuel and light, say $20 30 00 $258 00 Students of medicine are charged with four tickets, at $25 each, and a dissecting fee of $5. The fee in the immediate class of law is $00 ; in senior class, $75. GESSNER HARRISON, Sep 21?tf Chairman of the Faculty. Medical departmentof iiamp <lcn Sydney College, Richmond, Va.?The sixteenth annual course of lectures will com mence on Monday, the 10th day of October, 1853, and continue until the 1st of the ensuing March. The commencement tor conferring degrees will be held about the middle of March. R. L. Bohannan, M. 1).. I^rof. of Obstetrics and diseases of Women and Children. L. W. Chaiul>erlayne, M. D., Prof, of Materia Modica and Therapeutics. Martin P. Scott, M. P., Lecturer on Chemistry and Pharmacy. Chas. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery and Surgical Anatomy. Carter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy and Physiology, David 11. Tucker, M. D., Prof, of Theory and Practice of Medicine. Arthur E. Pelicolas, M. D., Demonstrator ol Anatomy. The study of practical nnatomy mny be prose cuted with the most ample facilities, and at very trifling expense. Clinical lecturcs are regularly given at the col lege infirmary and Richmond almshouse. The in firmary, under the same roof with the college, and subject to the entire control of the faculty, is at all times well filled with medical and sifrgical cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities tor clinical in struction. Many surgical operations are perform ed in presence of the class; and the students, be ing freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under the guidance of the professors, unusual opportu nities for becoming tamiliar with the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Expenses.?Matriculation fee. .$<">. Professors' fees, $100. Demonstrator'* fee, $10. Graduation fee. $2fl. The price of board, including fuel, lights, and servants attendance, is usnally $3 or $3i per week. DAVID II. TUCKER. M. D., Sep 2ft?if Dean of the Faculty. Modern langijagfa-i). e. Grout, k native of France, teacher of Modern Lan gUHKCS, especially French. Spanish, and German. Translations made with correctness and punctu ality. Professor of Numesmatics, for the classifi cation and explanation of medals and coins. Pennsylvania avenue, south side, between flth and 7th streets, opposite Brown's Hotel. Furnished Rooms to rent at that place. Sep 21?dtf BROWN'S"MARBLE HOTEL, Pennsylvania avenue, WASHINGTON CITY. T. P. Brow*. M. Brown. Sep 21?dtf FINE PARLOiTgRaTES, Junt received direct from the New Yoik manufacturers, for udeby W. H. HARROVER, Sep 21??o2w (in); Op. the Patriotic Bank $$isnlhtu0tts. PMOMPECTU8 OF MEYER'S UN1VER tum.?In commencing the issue of the second volume of the Universum, the publisher makes his grateful acknowledgment# lor the kindness ol the press, and the very liberal patronage which the public have l?estowed on the first. He is happy to say that the work has succeeded beyond his expectation, and that be accordingly feels him self justified in bringing it out in an improved style. It will continue to enjoy the supervision ol the same editor, who will be able to devote to it a greater degree of care, and every effort will be made to give, interest and value to each number that appears. The views presented in this volume will, if possible, be more various than in the last, and the descriptive articles more attentively adapted to the wants and taste of the public. Among other attractive plates which it will con tain, are severul ol Central America, Australia and China, countries just now among the most interesting of the globe. In order to meet a wish expressed in many quarters, the Universum will henceforth be chiefly devoted to views in foreign lands, while the scenery and public edifices of this republic will form the subject of a separate work, conducted by the same editor, to be called The United States TUnatrated, which will soon make its appearance in numbers, in a style of befitting elegance, but at a price within the means of all. l'or that work as well as for the'Universum, the publisher hopes for a continuance of that public favor which he trusts more than ever to deserve. The Universum will be published, as before, in twelve semi-monthly numbers, so that the second volume will be completed in December. saBfAll subscribers to the work, whether they have paid in advunee or not, will receive with the last number, as u Premium Plate, a splendid eugrav ing representing an historical subject: The Maid ol Saragossa, executed in a high style ol art. Tkjims: Single copies 25 cents per number, or $3 per volume. General agent for Maryland, District of Columbia, and vicinity, Mr. John C. Gobritfht, No. 16, Asquith street, Baltimore, Md. The tirst volume of the Universum may be ob tained at all booksellers, Neatly bound in cloth, at. j-J In ornamental binding, with gilt edges.. 3 80 In Turkey morocco, full gilt 4 50 Sample numbers, premium plates, showbills and prospectus, to collect subscriptions, will be sup plied gratuitously, if ordered. II. J. MEYER, 1 New York, 104 William street. Atfent for Washington b JOE SHILLINGTON, Odeon Building, cor. 4J st. and Penn. av. Sep^29?tf* UOSPECTU8 OF THE SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER for 1854. Twen tieth volume. In issuing the prospectus of the Twentieth volume of the Southern Literary Mes senger, the proprietors beg to assure the public that no exertions will be remitted on their part to maintain the high character of the work, and to challenge the patronage of all who value sterling literary merit. For nineteen years, the Messen ger has endeavored to reflect fuitbfully the south ern mind, while disdaining all narrow and sectional views, and has been alone among the monthly periodicals of America, in defence of the peculiar institutions in the southern States. To this office it will still be devoted, and will be prompt to re pel assaults upon the south, whether they come under the specious garb of fiction, as in "Uncle Tom's Cabin," or in the direct form of anti-slavery pamphlets. At this critical juncture, while our enemies are employing literature as their most po tent weapon of attack, the southern people will surely not withhold their encouragement from a work whose aim it shall be to strike blows in their defence. The Messenger will, as heretofore, present its readers with reviews, historical and biographical sketches, novels, tales, travels, essays, poems, critiques, and papers on the army, navy, and other national subjects. And while the proprietors do not appeal to the pubiic, on the score of a long list of contributors, they may refer with pride to the following naincs, as among those who are enlisted in behalf of the magazine : Lieut. M. F. Maury, Rot. J. C. MeCaba, Prof. H. A. Washington, Dr. 8. H. Dickson, Geo. Frederick Holme*, Judge A. B. Meek, Wm. M. Burwell, Chsrles Unman, Rev. Sidney Dyer, J. 0. Baldwin, Kev. M. D. Hojje, Caroline Howard, T M Legare, Prof. Scheie D? Vare, j! A.Turner, Hugh R. Ploawnt* Mr*. Anns Peyre Dtnnies. Rev. Win. U. l-oote, Col. P. St. O. Cooke. XL S. A. Rev. J. H.llooock, Mil* Margaret Junklns. Q11 mora Simma, Prof. J.T. L. Preston, Hon. Judge B. F. Porter, Prof. Geo. K.Dabney, Mrs. E.H. Kyans, M R. H. Osrnett, Miss Susan Archer Tallay, John B. Dabney, Lucian Minor. Rev. C. R. Vaugban. With a view to ensure a larger circulation of the Messenger, the proprietors have made a reduction in the price of subscription, which is now onlv three dollars per annum, in advance, or four dol lars if not paid before the 1st of July in any year. Clitbs? Remitting us fifteen dollars in one letter, will be entitled to six copies. The editorial and critical department of the Mes senger will continue, as heretofore, under the charge of John R. Thompson, esq., and will embrace copious notes on current literature and reviews of all American or foreign works of general interest and value. The editor's opinions will be always fearlessly and honestly avowed. The business department is conducted by the undersigned, to whom all communications of a business nature must be addressed, MACFARLANE, FERGUSSON & CO, Oct 7 tf Richmond, Va. Prospectus op de bows reu VIEW, volumes XIV. and XV., adapted pri marily to the southern and western States of the Union, including statistics of foreign and domestic industry and enterprise. Published monthly in New Orleans, at ST) pe^ annum, in advance. A few complete sets of the work, thirteen volumes, bound handsomely, (600 to 680 pages.) are for sale at the office, New Orleans, deliverable in any of the large cities or towns. Sep 7?tf THE scientific AMERICAN, devo ted to Industry, Science, and Mechanics. Published weekly at 128 Fulton street, N. Y., (Sun Buildings,) by Munn at Co. Terms: $2 a year; $! in advance, aqd the re mainder in six months. Sep. 7?tf ? National medical, college, Washington.?The Thirty-second Annual Course of Lectures will commence on the fourth Monday in October, and continuo until March. FACtTLTV. Thomas Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstet rics and Diseases of Women and Children. Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia Med ica, Therapeutics and Hygiene. John Fred. May, M. D., Professor of the Prin ciples and Practice of Surgery. Grafton Tyler. M. D., Professor of Pathology and Practice of Medicine. Robert King Stone, M. D., Professor of Micros copal and Pathological Anatomy. Lewis H. Steiner, M. D., Professor of Chemis try and Pharmacy. William H. Saunders, M. D., Prosector and De monstrator. The facilities for the prosecution of practical anatomy are ample. Like most similar institutions in Europe, the desks from which the regular lectures are given, and the wards for clinical instructions are under the same roof. The extensive addition* to the buildings siace the last session, lor the accommodation of the sick, will greatly extend the usefulness of the medical and surgical clinic. The entire expense for a full course of lec tures is tPO Practical anatomy by the demonstrator......10 Maririculating fee (payable only once). ....... 5 Graduating expenses 25 Admission to the Medical and Surgical Clinic through the whole course without charge. ROBERT KING STONE. M. D., Dean of the Faculty. Office and residence corner of F and 14th sts. Sep 21?tf >?citi snfc fate ?ffitn. Law notice.?kidney 8. Baxter late attorney general of Virginia, lias re moved to Washington to practice law. He will practice in the Supreme Court of the United States, the court* of the District of Colum bia, and attend to any professional business con fided to hiui. Office in Morrison's new building on 4J street east of Pennsylvania avenue. REFERENCES. Hon. J. J. Allen, Hou. Win. Daniel, Hon. Richard Moncure, Hou. G. B. Samuels Hon. G. H. Lee, of the Court of Appeals ot Virginia. To the Judges of the Circuit Courts of Virginia. To the senators and members of Congress from Virginia. Sep 21?lyeod. (ni) GEWEHAX AGENCY, WMhlngtiiTcit^, * c?The subscriber -ttflers his services to the public in the proaecutioeffifclaitns before Con gress or any of the Departments of the Govern ment. Some yearn' experience as disbursing Agent at the Indian Department, with a general knowl edge of the mode of transacting business in the offices of the Government, enables him to promise satisfaction to all who may intrust business of this character to his care. He will also give special attention to the. collection of claims against parties residing ,? the District ot Columbia or vicinity ; to negotiating loans, as well as the purchase or sale of Stock, Heal Estate, Land Warrants, fe., t[c., or furnish information to cor respondents residing at a distance, in regard to any business which may interest them at the seat of Government. SfcSU Office over the Bankmg-IIouse ot Selden, WiTHEBfl <fc Co*} to whom he refer#. w n , JAMES J. MILLER. JN. xi. rleferences of the most satisfactory cha racter will be given to correspondents in whatever State they may reside. Sep. 94?1 m TO THE HEIRS OF OFFICERS AND l^e Revolutionary and other Wars.?The undersigned having established a per mant? 1 General Agency at the seat of Govern men' for the prosecution of claims against the L'liiir < States, continues to give his usual prompt attrition to all business entrusted to his care. .Bl P success he has achieved in bringiug about a isreedy settlement of old claims placed in his hiniiS, justifies him in believing that he will be equally fortunate in behalf of his clients for the luture. Suspended Pension and Bounty Land case* meet with special attention, and in no case will a fee be charged, unless the claim be allowed ! and paid by the Government. vrTh?r^Jlre many rePre*oatati ves of deceased Naval Officers who have claims that can be estab lished by applying to the subscriber. I ROBERT H. GALLAGHER, ! Formerly of Virginia. References, (if necessary.) r p^ubb Brothers, Bankeri, Washington, D. C.; J?''nS. Gallagher, Esq., late Third Auditor of the L. S. Treasury; Hon. Jackson Morton, United States Senate; Drexell ?fc Co., Bankers, Philadel phia; M. Judson, Esq., Banker, New Orleans; j \v right & Williams, Bankers, Erie, Pennvslvania: Maury 4r Morton, Bankers, Richmond, Va.; Bur eoyne & Plume. Bankers, New York; Ellis & Mor ton, Bankers. Cincinnati. Ohio; and Johnson, Bro ther Ik Co., Banker*, Baltimore, Md. N. B. I have facilities for establishing service in Wayne a W ar, by which all entitled to Bounty Land, or Pension can secure the same. The dif ficulty heretofore in establishing the service re ferred to has grown out of the fact that the Depart ment itself has no rolls of Wayne's War. R H Gr Sep 21?3t Washington. Engineer, Surveyor and Draughtsman. THE SUBSCRIBER, recently draughtsman of public lands to the Houso of Representatives, attached to the General Land Office, and formerly engaged upon Northern railroads, oilers his ser vices as above. Draughts of maps, and plans of every descrip tion prepared of railroads, public lands, and models of patents, and forwarded to any part of the Union, with any information pertaining to the above mat ters. Address: J. H. ADAMS, Jr. __ , Washington, D. C. Office loth street, 4 doors north of F. (m) 3t OBO. T. NASSKV CO., REAL ESTATE BROKERS, GENERAL CLAIM And Insurance Agents. Will attend to the negotiating of loans and the agency business generally. Opposite the Post Office, Washington 'city. Oct. 4?lino. (m) GENERAL, AGENCY.?Taylor & Collins will prosecute claims of every description against the government, before (lie departments or Congress. Procure pensions, bounty lands extra pay, and arrearages of pay. They will at tend to the buying and selling of real estate, the renting of houses, and a general collectinir busi ness. They will also furnish parties nt a distance with such information as they niav desire from the seat of government. Charges will be moderate. RKFEKENCES: Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War. Hon. James C. Dobbin, Secretary of the Navy. Nicholas Calian, President Board Common Council, General John M. McCalla, Attorney at Law. James H. Caustin. W. C. Riddell, State Department. Officeon F street, immediately opposite Winder's Building, Washington, D. C. Sep 2??Gmod&w. ? PROFESSIONAL CARD. BRS. R. & J. HUNTER, members of the Royal College of Surgeons, late of Islington, London, have taken tip their residence in Wash ington, for the treatment of DISEASES OF THE CHESTj comprising affections of the Throat, Bronchitis, Asthma, Consumption, and diseases of the Heart, to which branch of their profession they have for many years given their exclusive attention. The peculiarity of the treatment em ployed by Drs. H., is that the remedies employed are administered by Inhalation, iu the form of vapor. Residence and office. 12th street, between G and H streets. (m) Sep 21?ly Agency at Washington.?to Claimants?FR ANCIS A. DICK1NS con tinues to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and other branches of the government, including commissioners under treaties, and the' various public offices. Ho will attend to pre emption and other land claims, the procuring of patents for the public lands, and procuring scrip for Virginia bounty land warrants, and the confir mation by Congress of grants and claims to lands, claims for property lost in or taken for the servico ot the United States; property destroyed by the Indians, or while in the possession of the United States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, widows' and half-pay pensions; claims for revolutionary ser vices, whether for commutation, half-pay, or bounty lands; also, claims for extra and back pay, drc., of soldiers, sailors and marines; as well those against the State of Virginia, as the United States: all claims, growing out of contracts with the gov ernment, for damages sustained in consequence ot the aciton or conduct of the government; and, in deed, any buainessbeforeCongressorthepublic of ffices which may require the aid of an agent or attor ney. His charges will be moderate, and depend ing upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the service. Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who have been in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any public attention at Washington. His office is on Fifteenth street, opposite to the Treasury Department, and next door to the Bank of the Metropolis. All letters must be postpaid. Sep 28?lyd (m) BlimUinufftts. Furnished rooms, with Board, in a genteel, quiet family, can be obtained on F street, equi-distant from the Treasury and Patent (Mce, on application at this otlice. Sep. 3?2awiflin RS. i; H. 4. A. CVR-H1CH AEL have this day associated themselves iu the practice of raedicinc. Their office is on Pennsylvania av enue, north side, between 12th and 13th streets. Sen 29?lmd / i A. WATS()3i, Marble and Brown Stone \JT ? Yard, Massachusetts avenue, between 4th and 5th streets, Washington city, D. C. Marble Mantles and Monuments, Tomb and Head-stones, kept constantly on hand. All buildiug work fur nished at the shortest notice and at moderate pricq*, Oct 5?lm (m) Thomas Brown, f. D. Winter, of Virginia. of Pennsylvania. The; undersigned ofier their service# to prosecute claims of every description be fore Congress and the different departments of the government. Office on 14th street, opposite Willard's Hotel. Sep 29?tf BROWN & WINTER. rpo BLANK BOOK MANUFACTURERS. I Medium, demy, and flat-cap papers, for sale by COLLINS, BOWNE <fc CO., 11th >>t., six doors north of Penn. avenue. Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 17?5, Pearl street, New York. N. B.?Orders received for book-binders' mate rials. (ni) Oct. 11?tf. LANK BOOKS, (LEDGERS, JOUR sau, Day-Books, tec., for sale from the shelves, or made to order by COLLINS, BOWNE & CO., 11th St., six doors north of Penn. avenue, Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 176, Oct. 11?tf. (in) Pearl street, New York. T ETTER AND foolscap PAPERS, JLj ruled andplain, from $1 '25 to 50 per ream, for sale by COLLINS, BOWNE & CO., 11th st., six doors north of Penn. avenue, Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 170, Oct. 11?tf. (m) Pearl street, New York. "VfEW STORE AND NEW COODS~?New X l Hat, Cap, aud Gentleman'* Furnishing Store, 3d door east of the United States Hotel.?1 have just opened a splendid lot of hats, caps, shirts, collars, cravats, hosiery, ice., all of which are of the latest styles and fashions, to which I invite the attention of all who are in want of such articles. My hats are manufactured expressly for me of the best ma terial, and I will warrant that they give satisfaction to the wearer. J. D. HENDLEY. Oct. O-Ot T 1THOGRAPHY?The undersigned have. I i in connexion with their establishment, a lith ographic printing office, and are prepared to exe cute orders for checks, promissory notes, drafts, bills of exchange, circulars, &"c. Specimens can ho seen on application at the store- COLLINS, BOWNE, & CO., 11th st., six doors north of Penn. avenue, Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 17G. Oct. 11?tf. (in) Pearl street, New York. RESII NORFOLK OYSl JSR'S.?the subscriber receives regularly everv Tuesday, and 'Friday, by the steamer Osceola, direct from Norfolk, a supply of the celebrated LYNN HAVEN BAY and NORFOLK OYSTERS, a most delicious article. His BAR is well supplied with the best liquors. All kinds of GAME in season. WM. RUPP, Penn. avenue, north side, bet. 3d and 44 streets. JULES BONNET, UE.VMUX NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING OFFICE, NO, 80, NASSAU STREET, NlEW YORK. A DVERTISEMENTS RECEIVED FOR all journals throughout the United States, Canada* and Europe, and arrangement* made at the lowest rates. All papers kept on file for the inspection of advertisers, and every information given. Oct 1?tf eAS FIXTURES*?The subscriber has on hand, and is daily receiving from the cele brated factory of Cornelius, Parker & Co., Phila delphia, a large and handsome collection of chan deliers, brackets, pendants, &c., embracing all their new patterns, wluoh he will dispose of at the man ufacturer's retail prices. Those in want of gas fixtures will find it to their interest to call and ex amine patterns and prices before purchasing. C. W. BOTELEK, Sep 2-1?eod2m. Iron IlaH. X) IV. BROWNING, Merchant Tailor, I , under the United States Hotel, having en larged and improved his store, would now respect fully call the attention of citizens, and strangers visiting Washington, to his well-selected stoclt of French and English cloths, cassimeres, and vest ings, of the newest and most elegant styles of goods from the New York merket. Having had twenty years' experience in the purchase of goods from the best importing houses in the United States, with such advantages as will enable him to oiler them to the public on such terms as will give entire satisfaction to the pur chasers, and, in view of increasing his business, he has purchased an unusual large stock of goods, such as will defy competition for their beauty, style, and cheapness. Ali he asks is a call before you purchase else where, and he will convince you that you will save your money by so doinjr. A suit of clothes ran be made up in the most elegant stylo at twelve hours' notice. Bnpcrtor Ready-made Clothing. I have on hand a superior assortment of ready made clothing, of my own work, made up in the most fashionable manner, such as overcoats in various styles, frock and dress coats, arid also pants and vests, which will be sold at much less price than work made to order. N. B. Sole agent ibr Scott's report of Fashions for the District. Oct. 15?6m. (m) BRANCH OF STATIONERS* HALL, No*. 174 and 170 Pearl tfrrtt, New Ykri. COLLINS, BOWSE & CO., Importers of foreign and dealers in domestic stationery, are now offering one of the largest and best se lected stocks to the trade that can be found ill this market. Our stock comprises all the various styles and qualities wanted in the ITnited States and Canadas, consisting of bath post, plain and gilt edge; plain, gilt, and embossed note; cap, let ter, commercial note, commercial packet, and Iblio post; flat cap, demy, medium royal, sup. royal; American and English drawing papers; plam.'ctn bossed, and colored cards ; card, perforated, Bris- i tol, bonnet, and straw hoards; blank, pass, and memorandum books, of every variety; fancy, mar ble. and colored papers, at very low prices. Gold pens, with and without silver holders, and steel pens, cutlery, &c.., with an endless assortment of stationers' goods, and envelopes of every descrip tion. COLLINS. BOWNE & CO. lltk at., doors north of Penn. avenue. Oct. 4?ly* (m) MARBLE MANTLES.?Marble works. The subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and the public that he has increased his stock of Marble Mantles, comprising Sienna. Brockedelia, Spanish, Egyptian vein, Italian, and black marble, richly carved and plain, of the best quality, newest style, and superior finish, which he offer* for sale low for cash. Also. Marble Monu ments, Tombs, and Headstone Slab*; Eastern Marble for window sills, lintela, steps, and plat forms; Marble tile, counter and table tops; soap stone, calcined plaster. $2 75 per barrel. Also on hand a large lot of Connecticut Brown Stone. New York Flags and Steps, suitable for building purposes. He invites tne attention of builders and others to his Mock, and will endeavor to give satisfaction to all who may favor him with their orders. WM. RUTHERFORD. On E at., bet. 12th and 13th Oct. 9?0m. (m) S&asjiingtfln jstntitul. (Frum tin; N tiUounl Democrat.] The Dominican Republic. The island of Santo Domingo is one of the most important natural positions of the world, by its admirable situation between Europe and America, at the crossing of vast lines of inter Aiucrican trade: by its favorable make and ex lent; by the value and variety of its produc tions, and by the political significance of its close contact with Cuba and Jamaica. It is inconceivable how the United States re gards with such cruel indifference a country which may become to this people a fountain of ceaseless wealth, or the cause of serious politi cal vexations. Two uations inhabit the island of Santo Do mingo?one an empire of negroes, the other a republic of whites. Hardly liad the white re public made its first step in the path of free dom and progress, when it was overrun by the superior numbers and abundant arms of the blacks; and only by the heroic efforts of her constant sons was she enabled to break her chains and reconquer an honorable indepen dence among the free nations of the earth. The United States did not aid the suffering republic when her sons raised the war-cry of independence; they did not aid her in the des j>erate struggle with the negro empire; they looked on tranquilly when she sunk, bleeding and exhausted, under their temporary yoke; and tranquilly they saw her children rise in arms again, and achieve alone the liberty she now enjoys. From this neglect of the United States, one would suppose it no had no interest in the fate? whether prosperous or adverse?of the nation of whites who had won their independent posi tion under such perilous disadvantages, ana re covered a precious State to civilization and the commerce of the world. If the white republic of Dominica had no thing to fear but the black empire of Hayti, unassisted by Eurojiean policy, the United States would be more excusable on thus leaving lier to sustain the contest alone, but it is not so. What ever European power has an interest in disturb- | ing the prosperous advance of the white race in the Antilles, or wishes to destroy the produc- | tion and wealth of the only independent Amer- \ ican government in all the West India Islands, is assured of the eager and craflv aid of the Haytiens; and the Emperor of Hayti, on the other hand, may, when the time comes, seri ously hope for the concurrence of the European powers, who aim at Africanizing Cuba and the other islands, in his plan for subjugating the white republic to the yoke of the blacks. The auxetics of its peculiar situation check the prosperity of Dominica, and her calm and competent statesmen are forced to keep them in view in whatever steps tliev take for the ad vancement of their State. Relieved from this pressure, Dominica would astonish the world with her progress, for wonderful and incompu table are the mines of wealth locked up in her thrice-imprisoned bosom. European policy, the policy of hereditary princes, sees with trembling the aggrandize ment oi the United States, and searches obsta cles to oppose to this daring growth. To seize the rule of Dominica, or to subjugate it to the negroes of Hayti, would be to blot from the list a young and growing member of the family of American republics, and make its place a stain on their chart of progress. It would complete the chain of African pre dominance, under European masters, without break or hindrance in the entire West Indies, , and would man the whole unbroken range that i guards every outlet and inlet of our American seas with an irresponsible and alien race, en tirely subservient to European interests and policy. Does this seem an extravagant state ment ? Unroll the map of America, and see how every site that commands our American seas and our isthmus lines of trade is garri soned by strong naval, and not too friendly, European powers. Point out one foot of soil under American control in all the island em pire, cradled in the heart of our double conti nent, save only that one little, heroic, neglected State of Dominica, to which we have never even given a cordial aud sisterly welcome to its just place in the American family. We leave Dominica' unrecognized, and at the mercy of Europe and the negroes,1 although it offers them such splendid and inviting vantage ground for operating 011 Cuba. ? The first duty of this government, for the protection of its own interest and the safe guard of Cuba, is to make ample treaties of recognition and alliance with Dominica, so that the princes of Hayti and Europe may clearly understand that its territory is 110 longer open to their usurpations. As the coffee, cocoa, mahogany, and other products of the island are those which we do not produce, yet want for daily use?as the Dominicans require, but do not produce, our flour, fabrics of cotton and iron, and other mat ters?the terms of interchange should be ar ranged on the most generous scale by both republics, so that the natural fruits of either should be mutually considered aud accepted as national products. This would give a strength and impetus to the social prospects of Dominica that would insure her independent position, and make her the invaluable ally of the Union and the bulwark of Cuba, instead of a point of offence fqr the plans of Europe against the integrity and peace of that island. From this secure elevation, Dominica would dictate her own terms of peace to restless and presumptuous llayti. She would nourish mil lions of inhabitants in her rich vales, and her woods, fruits and fisheries would supply ex haustless wealth to her people and a vast tribute to the commerce and industry of the Union. We will be compelled to resolve at au early day whether the dominion of the Antillas shall belong to the white or black race. Placed as they are in the centre of American interests, the requirements of her exterior trade and interior policy will force this republic to intervene in the decision of their fate and in the final supre macy of the white race. Already the American peopleand government have declared for the salvation of Cuba; and ' can they forget, meanwhile, how closely it is linked to the future of Dominica, or that Domin ica herself is capable of concentrating in her ports the tributary production of Jamaica and Porto Rico? How can they fail to observe that the "manifestdestinv" ofCuba would begravely complicated, if England were to encourage her ?imperial brother Faustin to the preliminary Africanization of Dominica? As England is th? only power on earth which can cause uneasiness to tne American Union, by interference with Cuba, there is eminent reason for guarding against the subtle mean- j derings of her policy in Hayti. If this govern ment occupies the right position in Dominica. it would not only disconcert her views on Cnba. but it wonld have it in its power to surprise her in her own domain, if she provoked re- J prisals. The Americans could possess them selves at a blow of Jamaica, anu her boasted 1 chain of West India dependencies, and erect it 1 WASHINGTON SENTINEL TERMS OP ADVERTISING. On? square (len lines) 1 insertion . ..#0 90 << u ?< 2 " ? 76 " ?? ?? 3 " 1 00 " " " 1 week 8 00 " " " 1 month i 00 Yearly advertisements subject to special nr. rangemeut. Long advertisements at reduced rates. Religions, Literary, and Charitable notices la serted gratuitously. All correspondence on business must be prepaid. into aii independent State, if that wan more durable than annexation. The indifference of the Cabinet of the United States to these important facta ought to give place to energetic action. The recognition of Dominica, liberal treaties, and a stricter inti macy with her people by means of regular ! steam lines are among the moat immediate ' necessities of the American system of policy foreshadowed by President Pierce's inaugural, uud no evasion or constriction of those pledges will be tolerated by the national sentiment. The interests of a nation, however powerful, never stand selfishly alone. A sacred unity of well-being pervades the whole circle of Ameri can republics. The best interests of the United States are intimately blended with the security and abundance of all the surrounding family of nations, and with none more inextricably than with these islands, which Providence has placed in the lap of the Union, as if to invoke for them and humanity her special and guar dian care. Cora Montgomery. From tbe ChArletLon Standard. The Heroes of King's Mountain. Major Patrick FERnrsox.?Whilst paying meet tribute to the whig leaders at King's mountain, let us not forget that which is due to the man they conquered. He was no ordinary person. , The son of an eminent Scotch judge, and nephew of a nobleman, (Lord Elibank,) of great literary attainments. He entered the army at the age of eighteen, and was, even then, distinguished for his talents and his cool, determined courage. At the commencement of the American revolution, he was attached to a regiment at Halifax, Nova Scotia. This re giment not being ordered into active service, Major Ferguson asked and obtained a transfer, anu was entrusted with the drilling a corps armed with a new rifle, of his own invention, which could be loaded at the breech so rapidly as to fire seven times in a minute. His corps and rifle were first tried at the battle of Brandy wine, and their merits were acknowledged by the whole army, and publicly attested there by order of the Commander-in-Chief. It will be remembered, that during this battle, Gen. Washington was at one time exposed to immineut peril from one of the enemy s sharp shooters. It appears, from a letter of Major Ferguson to a relative at home, that he was the shooter in question. He says : " There wo lay with our riflemen, on a skirt of wood, in front of General Knyphausen's division. We had not lain long when a rebel officer, remark able by a Hussar dress, passed towards our army, within a hundred yards of our right flank, not perceiving us. Ho was followed by another, dressed in dark green and blue, mounted on a good bay horse, with a remarkably large, high cocked hat I ordered three good shots to steal near them and fire at them ; but the idea dis gusted me; I recalled the order. The Hussar in returning made a circuit, but the other passed within a hundred yards of us; upon which I advanced from the woods toward him. Upon my calling, he stopped, but after looking at me proceeded. I again drew his attention, and made sign to him to stop, leveling my piece at him ; but he slowly continued his way. As I was within that distance at which, in the uickest firing, I could have lodged half a ozen balls in or about him before he was out of my reach, I had only to determine ; but it was not pleasant to fire at the back of an unof fending individual, who was acquitting himself very coollv of his duty, so I let him alone. The day after, I had been telling this story to some wonnded officers, who lay in the same room with me, when one of our surgeons who bad been dressing the wounded rebel officers came in and told us that they had been inform ing him that General Washington was all the morning with the light troops, and only at tended by a Freneh officer in a hussar drese, he himself dressed and mounted in every point aa above described. I am not sorry that I did not know at the time who it was." A Tckxel. through the Alps.?The French engineers are busily employed in perfecting the bold project of excavating a tunnel under the Alps, to connect the Piedmontese railways with those of France! It is proposed to pass through the mountains from Snsa and Bardo neche to Modana in Savoy, by a line ten miles shorter than over Mout Cenis. It is to be eight miles in length, and a mile below the highest point of the pass; the estimated cost is a mil lion and a half pounds sterling. An excavating machine somewhat similar, we should think, to our own Hoosac borer, has been contrived by Chevalier Mans, the chief engineer, for the accomplishment of the undertaking. The tuunel is to be ventilated by a tube lying on the ground, carried on as the work advances, and provided with fans to maintain a proper current of air. The chevalier hopes to succeed in accomplishing his herculean labor in five years. This is an undertaking which throws onr Hoosnc tunnel business entirely into the shade. Boring the Alps ! It is an event, the possibili ty of which our ancestors never dreamed. Na poleon built the famous Simplon road over these moiyituin barriers; Chevalier Maus would construct a passage through them. The work of Napoleon was for the purpose of carrying war and conquest into the neart of Italy; that of Chevalier Maus will unite the two countries by the interests of social and commercial in tercourse, and will aid in sending forth peace on earth and good will among men. Bv the completion of the tunnel, the hitherto almost impassable barrier which separates Piedmont from her neighbors will be removed; but lovers of the picturesque will doubtless still prefer to encounter the keen air, the rough roads, and sublime scenery of a passage over the moun tain, to the more rapid transit of the railroad car. A Mot LET Crowd??The insane, and, in some eases, blasphemous doings of the dele gates to what is termed the whole world's con vention, in New York, are not a whit more on the extreme, than what has been charged to Mormonism in the West. A reporter for the Philadelphia Argiis lilts the cover from one feature of these fanatics. He says : " There is a boarding house on Light street where some five hundred of the convention folks, male and female, have been living pro miscuously during the last week. This, I had not believed until I examined for myself. I actually went to the house. And what a motley and heterogeneous house foil f All the ladies are, of course, believers in woman's rights? just in doing whatever they like. I cannot enter into details ; suffice it to say, that cattle could not show less sense of shame J New York is bad enough with its own population; but, when it contains the Bloomers, Conunn nista, Fonrrierites, and the representatives of the other " thousand and one " isms, from the east and west, it may be well called a London. And vet, we arc told by soi-distani philosophers i that this is reform I?Cincinnati Enquirer. fcJ~The age is alive with elasticity. An In dia rubber omnibus has just been invented, which, when full, will hold three more ladies, a market basket, a pet poodle, and a baby.