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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1855, November 02, 1853, Image 3

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party and followed Mr. Van Bursa on the slavery
question iu 18-18, than 1 had before done. You
spoke of the party us being divided iuto ''differ
ent sections," uud complained that iny appoint
ment# had been generally made from that portion
of the party to which 1 adhered. You was not
speaking of the recent division at Syracuse, for I
had made no nominations after that event hap
pened. You were speaking of the different sec
tions as they had existed in the past. You know
very well that 1 adhered to that portion of the
party which had not deserted the national stand
ard in 1848; and no one can fail to see that you
intended 1 should give a larger share of the offices
to the freesoil section and its allies. And now you
think it worthy of "animadversion" that I have
" selected freesoilers for office."
You cannot escape under a quibble. I did not
inform you, as you now find it convenient to state,
that 1 had " selected freesoilers for office"?mean
ing persons who are now freesoilers. On the con
trary, I spoke of appointing none but " sound dem
ocrats, sincerely attached to the principles of the
party, and firm supporters of the national admin
istration." I spoke of "different sections" of the
party, just as you had spoken of them; and told
you, net that " freesoilers," but that "the freesoil
section" had got its full share of the offices. Your
" animadversion" derives all its force froin misrep
resenting the language of your adversary.
More might be said; but if, in reviewing this
branch of the subject, you can maintain your self
respect, nothing that I can say would lie likely to
reach you.
Having, as I trust, shown that the reasons which
you have assigned are utterly worthless, it now
remains to inquire what was the real ground of
removal. It was not until alter the recent break
in the party at Syracuse that you found any cause
of complaint against me. After the party had been
resolved into its original elements, without any
agency of miue, and by means which 1 could not
approve?alter I had been compelled to choose
between the two sections, and had very naturally
adhered to my old associations with the national
democrats;?after the paper which professed, with
out rebuke to speak the sentiments of the cabinet,
had taken the side of the freesoil section, and de
nounced as traitors those who adhered to the prin
ciples which brought the administration into
r>wer?then it was that you first discovered that
had not been sufficiently favorable to the free
soil section. Can any man of sense and candor
entertain a doubt eoncerning the motive for your
action i I think not. You intended to take ground
against the uational democrats, and throw the
weight of the administration into the opposite
scale. The men who had never swerved from
the principles of party, but had stood fast by the
Union when it was in danger, were to be borne
down by the strong arm of power; and because
the collector occupied a place of some importance,
the blow was to be rendered the more signigficant
by making it fall on him. You then wrote me an
insulting letter, and placed a copy in the hands of
an officer of the customs, who whispered it about,
and finally gave it to the press as a means of an
noying me. Whether you intended the officer
should so act is more than I can say; but, so far
as I have learned, he still enjoys your confidence.
And now what was the nature of the contro
versy to which you have made the national ad
ministration a party ? It was not a conflict be
tween democrats and whigs, but between two
sections of the democratic party. No candidates
tor national offices were in the field; and if the
freesoil section was honest in proclaiming its con
version tp the principles of the Baltimore platform
and the inaugural address, there were no national
issues at stake. It was purely a New York quar
rel, involving questions of mere State policy. In
?uch a quarrel a member of the cabinet at Wash
ington has taken sides, and has, in effect, told the
democrats of thi$ State whom they must sclect for
their local rulers, and what should be their policy
in relation to the canals and other matters of
merely local interest. Your denial on this subject
cau amount to nothing so long as the facts remain
Aside from the principle involved the removal
i* a matter of little moment. I shall leave the
office at the close of this day with greater pleasure
than I accepted it six months ago. But I ,have
been assailed without cause, aud there has been
a gross violation of the democratic doctrine which
denies to the federal government the right to in
termeddle with the purely internal affairs and pol
icy of the States, tor these reasons I have not
felt at liberty to let your letter pass without some
notice. * I am, respectfully, yours,
Hon. James Guthrie, Secretary of the Treasury.
Who ban Changed Position!
The freesoil presses and partisans?all but
abolition in '48, and?for aught they have ever
suid or done since, as essentially abolition or
freesoil now?pretend to be " in line" with the
national administration 1
The same presses and partizans denounce as
hostile to the administration the true democ
racy of the State who, having never gone astray
from the good old paths, never had need of
any repentance.
If the unchanged freesoil factionists are in
line with the administration?and if the na
tional democracy are not?will the freesoil or
gan here tell us who has changed position?
The national democracy stand now where
they stood in '48 and '52?square on the Balti
more platform?without change or shadow of
turning. If they are now in antagonism to the
national administration, then has the latter re
versed its position, not they?and freesoilism
can well claim ro be in line with it, but not
Will the Freesoil Expositor and Shortboy
Advocate explain??Albany Argus.
from tho State Capitol Gasett*.
Queen of the Prairies.
This romantic sobriquet has been very prop
erly applied to Nebraska Territory, lying west
of Missouri. It was first proposed to organize
this Territory in 1845. The opposition to the
Nebraska bill is, we believe, based on the fact
that the United States are bound by treaties
with several tribes of Indians residing west of
Missouri not to erect a Territorial or State
government over the country in their posses
sion. But the first section of the bill provides:
"That nothing in this act contained shall be con
strued to impair the rights of person or property
now pertaining to the Indians in said Territory,
? or to include any territory which, by treaty with
any Indian tribe, is not, without the consent of
said tribe, to be included within the territorial
limits or jurisdiction of any State or territory."
This bill certainly guards the rights of the
Indians, and precludes the possibility of a vio
lation of any treaty with them. Besides, it
appears from the last annual report of the
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, that the Wy
andots, a tribe of Indians further advanced in
civilization than a great many white citizens
of the United States, "are impatiently awaiting
the establishment of a territorial government
over the vast region north of the Arkansas and
west of the Missouri rivers.'
Alf the civilized tribes subsist by agriculture.
They will, of course, retain their plantations,
but they have been anxious for years to sell
their hunting grounds. Besides, a large por
tion of the country embraced within the limits
of the proposed territory belongs exclusively to
the Unitea States. This region is resorted to
only as a common huntiug ground. The game,
however, has mostly disappeared. Ana this
fruitless privilege, sometimes dignified as a
right, is enjoyed, by treaty stipulation, merely
during the pleasure of the President.
In the language of Senator Atchison, " this
territory may as well be organized now as five
years hence. That it will be organized there
Is no room to doubt. The bill passed the house
last session, by a vote of 98 to 43, and was lost
in the Senate only for want of time. We, there
fore, hope it may become a law at an early day
of the coming session.
Notwithstanding white men are prohibited
by the laws of the United States from settling
in the territory, without special permission from
the executive authority, it appears they are
sufficiently numerous to organize a provisional
government. The gallant William Walker has
been recently elected governor. The delegate
to Congress, Hon. Abelard Guthrie, is well
fitted, by education, experience and moral worth
for the position assigned him.
Caucasus.?Loss of the Russians.?On the
17th ult., Schamyl issued from the mountains with
his bandu, and broke into the Russian circle of
Dscharo Bielokansk, where he made an attack up
on the fortresn of Novysakatal. The engagement
with the Russians lasted till nightfall. The Rus
sian accounts state that the lossof the Caucaaians
was considerable j they themselves admit the losa
of two utaff* officers, three field officers, and sixty
one men.
Jotal anb $jtrsonal.
Uae aud Abuse of Medicine*.?This wan the
subject of the introductory lecture delivered by
Samuel C. Busey, M. D., who bait recently been
appointed to the chair of Materia Medicu, of the
medical department of Georgetown College, on
Monday night, at the hall, on the corner of F and
Twelfth streets. Although one of our youngest
physicians, he already occupies a commanding
position in his profession, and, by his skill and ad
dress, is constantly winning his way to greater
favor in the community.
Every body must agree with the youthful pro
fessor that the use and abuse of medicines is a
subject of the greatest importance, especially
when it is recollected that scarcely any drug is
sold in our market without being adulterated or
deteriorated by the abstraction of its active princi
ples. In former times, he said, il an article was
labelled English, French or German, it was prima
faei* evidence of its genuineness, but now it is a
positive indication that it is a spurious article.
? There are men in New York and Philadelphia
who have actually grown rich by manufacturing
English, French, and German labels , yet so cap
tivating are these foreign names, that individuals
will purchase an article so labelled, and reject the
genuine. It is the appearance they purchase, not
the contents. Add a pleasant odor and rich color
to castor oil, (which, when pure, is offensive to al
most every one,) gaudily trim the bottle, and tack
a spurious label upon it, and it will become at once
fashionable, and will be extensively made use of
for whatever purpose the manufacturer may choose
to recommend it. The community, the professor
continues, is guided rather by imagination than by
reason; controlled and influenced by the ever
pervading desire to please. Everything is made
subservient to whim, caprice, taste, and fashion.
It is not the delicacy and superiority of any per
fume which makes it valuable, but that the acci
dental circumstances of its fragrance have been
recognised about the person of some vocalist, ac
tress, or other public character. This excessive
love for fashion has not only invaded religion and
converted the sanctuary into an exhibition room,
but doctors, even doctors, have had this flimsy
mantle thrown around them; and their peculiar
mode of practice and name becomes the theme of
conversation. Their evanescent fame is heralded
and emblazoned by the votaries of this ruinous
and disgusting feature of society. If he is puffed
and inflated by the lavish praise of his admirers,
how else can he act than pander to their whims
and caprices, He is stripped of the independence
essential to a successful practitioner of medicine,
and is compelled to submit to suggestions from
those who are incapable of comprehending the
subject. What abuse, Dr. Busey asks, can be
greater than this ? It is not the profession that
makes tte man, but the man that makes the pro
With all due deference to the professor s opin
ion, and without venturing to object to his prem
ises, we really do not wonder thai the attar of
roses should be preferred to the odor of assafictida,
or even " jocky club" to the nauseating evapora
tions of many an apothecary's mixture, the ingre
dients prescribed by a physician.
The professor says that though the object of the
administration of medicine is to relieve suffering,
yet it is not every malady that requires a drug, j
The determination of when and what to adminis
ter involves a much sounder judgment and a more
cultivated sense of discrimination than is gene
rally possessed by the person prescribing. The
greatest abuse of medicines is their administration
by persons ignorant of their suitable and medici
nal properties, and of the physiological and patho
logical anatomy of the human frame.
Just here we wish to introducea few words from
John Forbes, M. D., F. R. S., which appeared in
the British and Foreign Medical Review, No.
XLI., of which he is or was editor, as well as of
the Cyclopedia of Practical Medicine: " We do
not deny, he says, that medicine has made pro
gress, or that it can cure diseases and save life ;
we merely assert that the superiority in the pro
portion of the instances in which it does so, in the
present day, is most lamentably small, all things
considered, when placed side by side with the
amount of. any former day. In several of our
commonest and most important diseases, it is
hardly to be questioned that the proportion is
little, if at all, on our side, and in others it is mani
festly against us." Some people have been so ac"
customed to make drug shops of their stomachs,
that they think they must always have "medicine."
The skilful physician never fails to give such con
sumers bread pills or colored water, and finds, like
the old Edinburg physician, that their patients get
well "with nothing at all." A case of thi? kind is
given by Dr. Forbes himself:
" Many years ago, when in charge of a large
body of men in public service, we had occasion
to treat an epidemic diarrhcea of considerable vio
lence, but not dangerous. Finding our patients
recover as fast under one as another of many
methods of treatment adopted, we thought there
would be no unpardonable Use-majrste (treason)
either to our royal master at London, or our divine
master of Delos, in carrying our trials one step
further. Accordingly we put half of our remain
ing patients on a course of orthodox physic, and
halt on homoepathic doses of flour (farm thirty) in
the shape of bread pills; and it puzzled us sadly
to say which was the most successful treatment."
We merely refer to these things by way of sup
port to the professor's remarks, that " the determ
ination of when and what to administer involves
a much sounder judgment and a more cultivated
sense of discrimination than is generally possessed
by the person prescribing." Dr. Busey truly says:
" There are some belonging to our own profession
who indulge in the wholesale use of drugs ; and
the force of habit is beautifully illustrated by a
careful examination of the practice of some medi
cal gentlemen. Day after day the same combina
tion, nauseous and useless, is recklessly adminis
tered, when really none was needed." Bread pills,
and colored or even distilled water, would have
answered much better.
We have always thought that the guess-work
system was wrong?the stuffing of first one and
then another drug into the stomach, in quick sue
cession, and sometimes half a dozen kinds at
once, as a fowler would load his gun, calculating
that some one of the scattering shot must strike
the object Intended to be reached. Again, scarcely
any two physicians are agreed upon the treatment
of their joint patient; and it is because "doctors
disagree," that not a few of the people in this, as
in another countries, resort to the "cure-alls so
plentifully manufactured. And in the third place,
there ought to be connected with all medical es
tablishments a laboratory, for the manufacture as
well as testing of drugs to he taken into the
stomach; so that when, as Coleman calls it, the
? potter-carrier's stuff" is swallowed, the adminis
trator as well as the victim may be assured of its
genuineness. Often, very often, the skill of the
doctor is thwarted by " villanous compounds"?
which have merely the names without the vir
tues of what they represent.
We regret that our limits preclude us from a
full sketch of Professor Buseys lecture; which
was highly creditable to him. He is not we?Med
to "old fogie" notions, but seems to be {"^"ed
with a foung American impulse, to 11 ?r*
rors in his profession, and to roam boldly in the
wide field of truth and practical observation^ He
Is not, fortunately, alone in his efforts. A noble,
philanthropic profession like that of ?^,c,ne
should not he imperiled by malpractice and an ad
herence to forms merely on account of their anti
Hallow E'en.?We kava heard of numerous
complaints of depredations committed on Monday
night by men as well as boys, who invaded gar
dens and made extensive seizures of cabbages,
with which to carry out their arrangements for
celebrating Hallow E'en. During the night, there
was much gun and pistol tiring in some directions
to intimidate the thieves ; but we have heard of no
one being inured by such discharges.
The Funeral of William M. Perry took
place yesterday afternoon. His remains were fol
lowed to the tomb (in the congressional cemetery)
by the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, who
appeared in full regalia, and were accompanied
by the marine band. Besides these, a large num
ber of friends, in carriages, formed a part of the
solemn procession.
Col. G. W. Manypenny, the commissioner of
Indian affairs, has returned to Washington from
his late tour to the Indian country.
John O. Sargent, esq., editor of the late Wash
ington Republic, is among the recent arrivals from
the north.
detural $nitlljgtntt.
Fate of Three American ifteamen.?Havana,
Ckt. 21, 1853.?in a room almost dark?bad lights,
bad pen, no paper, and chocolate ink?with scraps
of everything except time, of which I have none
to spare for decent observation of iny surround
ing?if I could see?last night?I mean this night
?for it is almost morning?we have had the bloom
ing Miss Matilda Diez. She has stormed the cit
adel, and carried public approval; hut how it has
been done my wits are ut a loss to find out. I re
serve her for future study, and she may improve
upon acquaintance.
The three American seamen that have so long
been before the public, and who are well estab
lished in the knowledge of the President of the
United States, with sufficient evidence of their
freedom from the commission of crime, are to have
four years' worth of Spanish justice in irons. They
are not quite so popular as Ingraham or Koszta ;
there are no huzzas for the poor tars, although
their mothers are writing letters imploring con
sular influence and help for their children. The
American acting consul has done his duty?his
whole duty; he has left no effort untried for their
relief, hut it has been of no apparent use, either
with the department at Washington or with the
authorities here.
The poor sailors have no prestige to hear uj?on
the dear people?the beloved democracy. It is
true they were born in the United States; but then
they never had the keeping of the regalia of a
country that could not keep its honor. They never
violated the first part, which forbade return to the
foresworn land or the fostering domain of the
Turk, and therefore they deserve nothing of their
country but neglect and the chains they are to
wear, because they arc American citizens, and
have confessed that they were on board of aslaver
called the Jaspar, which this government has de
clared, in the most solemn manner, was never en
gaged in illicit traffic, and never landed any ne
groes at Baileu, consigned to Pio Diaz.
There is no testimony but their own, and if it is
good fty anything, it proves them innocent of of
fence. They, in a truthful narrative, give a con
sistent detail of the fraud practised upon them to
get them to ship, and of the whole process of subse
quent coercive restraint, which they broke from at
the earliest possible moment. Is there no remedy
for poor Jack ? The country is becoming healthy
?the city has never been sickly, and the harbor is
improving?the hospitals are thinning, and we ore
having most delicious weather.?Cor. Ar. Y. Herald.
Destructive Fire at the Atlantic Dock,
Brooklyn.?A most destructive fire occurred on
the North wharf of the Atlantic Dock yesterday
morning, involving the loss of property amounting
to about $?>0,000 in value. The flames were dis
covered breaking forth in the engine room of store
house No. 33, occupied by f. Shortland Jif Co.,
and soon communicated to Nos. 30 and 32, all of
which were heavily stored with wheat and corn ;
several vessel loads having been brought in
during the week previous. In the building where
the fire originated there was stored 35,000 bushels
of grain, and in the adjoining buildings 32,000
more, which was either totally destroyed or great
ly damaged. The machinery and boilers were
valued at about $20,000, two-thirds of which is a
total loss. The buildings, being composed of sub
stantial materials, were only damaged in the in
terior to the extent probably of $5,000 or $0,000.
The firemen arrived on the ground in strong num
bers soon after the alarm was given, and worked
with unceasing energy until |late in the afternoon,
before they succeeded in suppressing the flames.
The whole of the grain, with the exception of a
few bins, is insured by the New York Corn Ex
change, and the buildings and machine? are in
sured to the extent of $25,000 in the Etna and
Protection offices of Hartford. Conn., and in an
office in New York. The storehouses were, until
recently, in the occupancy of Messrs. Yerplank
it Chambers.?JV. Y. Cour. Eng., Monday.
Cliina*?Though the accounts we have of the
rebellion are general, they agree as to the success
ful progress of the'insurgents northwards. It was
reported there had been hard lighting in the Iio
nan province; but the rebels forced their way
through without apparently sustaining any severe
reverses, and had crossed the Yellow river into
Shantung province, the capital of which, Tsi-nnn
foo, it is given out, had fallen. They were push
ing on toward Pekin in great force, and it was the
current belief that a division of the rebels was not
far from that capital; but the vague reports of its
having been taken seem premature. Accounts
had arrived that Yellow river had burst its em
bankment.at the same place where it was repaired
last year, and which would require a million of
dollars to restore.
The insurgents retain Nankin and Chin-kiang
foo. At the latter place there had been a smart
engagement with the imperialists, in which the
latter were completely routed and obliged to re
tire, the insurgents taking a place towards Soo
chan, which caused great consternation in that
city, and which would no doubt shortly be obliged
to submit. In Kwangsi the insurgents held the
Poyang lake and the principal outlet, and are ad
vancing south towards the Canton province, and
the imperial government are active in fortifying
the " Meilin Pass," the route they must take.
Unlawful Detention in the Post Office.?
Suit has been instituted in the Second District
Court, New Orleans, by Antonio Pons, a fruit
dealer, against the Postmaster of this city, W. G.
Kendall, esq., claiming damages in the sum of five
hundred and sixty dollars, for loss sustained by
him in the unlawful detention in the post-office of
a letter addressed to him. Pons alleges, in his pe
tition, that a letter addressed to him, with advices,
and a bill of lading of a shipment of lemons from
Vera Cruz, was deposited in the New Orleans
post-office on the 11th of September last, on the
arrival of the steamship Mexico, from Vera Cruz ;
that expecting such a letter, he applied for it at
the post-office repeatedly, after the arrival of the
Mexico, and was told that there was no such letter
for him ; that eight days afterwards the letter vai
advertised ; that in the meantime the lemons which
were here, and which he could not get possession
of without producing the evidence?the bill of
lading?became so deteriorated that the whole
shipment, when sold at auction, brought only the
net sum of tive dollars and forty-seven cents, leav
ing him minus five hundred and sixty dollars. This
suit, we understand, is but the " beginning of the
end," as hundreds of others, it is said, of a similar
nature, are about being instituted.?New Orleans
True Delta, Oct. 2b.
Cholera In Yucatan.?A private letter re
ceived by a mercantile house in New Orleans,
which has been politely laid before us, dated Me
rida, October 11. 1853, states that, for the past fif
teen days, the cholera had been prevailing in that
city with some virulence. On the 10th there were
152 deaths, and there had been as high as .100 a
day. Merida is a city containing some twenty
thousand inhabitants. We also learn from a gen
tleman who has just arrived from Merida, that the
federalists had attacked that city, notwithstanding
the'imprisonment of their leaders, Barbachano and
Zetina, and succeeded in making Gen. La'Vega
prisoner. He subsequently escaped, however,
joined his troops, and in turn attacked the federal
ists, whom he completely nut down after four or
five days' hard fighting. Everything was quiet
when our informant left. All communication be
tween Cainpeachy and Merida had been cut off
in consequence of the ravages of the cholera at
the latter place.
Great Speed.?Mr. Elliott, the aeronaut, ac
complished his arrial flight from Baltimore to Lan
caster in one hour and ten minutes. The distance
is stated at eighty milea. The last thirty was
made in twenty minutea. He reached an eleva
tion of nearly four miles, and was hurried along by
a heavy wind nearly the whole distance.
Freshet on the Kennebec and Androscog
gin Rivera^?The heavy rains of the first of the
week have swollen the Kennebec and Androscog
gin rivers greatly. On the Upper Kennebec, near
Skowbegau, jam* of logs have Ibrined, covering
acres, and rising in some places from ten to twelve
feet, and below, the river ran full of logs. Many
of the principal booms have been carried away,
and considerable damage has been done. At Au
gusta, so says the Banner, " considerable damage
is apprehended to the works upon the Kennebec
dam from the sudden rise of water in the river.
The bulkhead of the canal on the western side,
which was weakened by the late lire, and but tem
porarily repaired, has given way, and the current
is setting with much forco upon the unfinished
foundations of the mills now in progress of build
ing. We are in hopes, however, that the water
will subside without doing serious further in jury." |
On the Androscoggin the water rose several feet,
but we hear of no serious damage being done.
[ Portland. Maine. Oet. '2H.
Ahead of "Boston Four Corners."?We un
derstand that a shrewd Yankee, at the Horse Ex
hibition at Springfield, has oiitrim the "striped
pig,'' and come in ahead oi the Maine law. The
Yankee hired a spot of ground within the limits
of the arsenal grounds, which are beyond the
jurisdiction of the Massachusetts authorities,
having been ceded by that State to the United
States?he not designating the purpose for which
be wished to use it. lie immediately erccted a^
huge tent which he supplied with liquors, and
which are dealt out by some thirty or lbrty bar- !
tenders, at a shilling a glass. He contends that
the laws of the United Slates protect hun in his i
The Liberia Enterprise Company is the
name of an association of colored citizens of Penn- !
sylvama, who design to embark, in a few days, tor
the republic of Liberia, whither they go as a mis
sionary family. We learn that they possess all the
requisite qualifications for the interesting work
they have undertaken, havinganiong their number
the farmer, the teacher, the mechanic, the mer
chant, and the minister of the gospel. The spot
they have selected for their new home is situated
about twenty-five miles from Monrovia, up the St.
Paul's river, and has the advantage of being in
the midst of a high, rolling, picturesque and salu
brious region, near certain nutive tribes who have,
for a long tiine desired the settlement of American
colonists in their vicinity. The expedition is a
noble one in its objects, and will doubtless, have
the best wishes of this community for its success.
| Phil. American. |
Desperate Attempt at Suicide. At an early i
hour yesterday morning, a German named Booth- i
er, residing in President street, near Pratt, dis- i
charged the contents of a loaded pistol under his
chin and tore away a large portion of the jaw and
the lower part of his face. Dr. Handy was called
to the relief of the sufferer, and rendered every ]
professional assistance in his power, but the wound j
is stated to be of such a dreadful nature as to pre- I
elude all hopes of recovery. Domestic trouble is I
said to have been the origin of this desperate at- i
tempt at self-destruction.?Bait. Times.
Serious Charge.?George Nickerson, second
mate of ship Matilda, of Boston, which arrived
here yesterday from Chincha Islands, was arrested
and brought before John Hanari, United States
Commissioner, on a charge of oppression and ill
treatment of Benjamin Harvey, a foremast h,and
on board said vessel. Wm. D. Cassin appeared
for the Uuited States, and E. H. Docwra lor
the defence. After several witnesses had been
examined, the accused was held to bail in $500 for
further hearing.?Bait. Patriot.
The Mayor of Allegheny City and his chief
policemen have been tried on the charge of con
spiracy to permit two thieves to escape, and been
acquitted; but it is said that a prosecution will be
commenced against some of the policemen for
allowing the escape.
The Fire In Xcw York City.?P. L. Rogers
& C'o.'s Union Hall Clothing Store, the largest es
tablishment burnt by the fire on Sunday morning,
in New York city, was insured for $50,000, of i
which amount $5,000 was in the North American
Insurance Company of Philadelphia.
Potatoes.?The yield of the potato on the Amer
ican bottom, near Alton, Illinois, is perfectly as
tonishing. As many as four hundred bushels per ;
acre have been dug. The average is three hun
dred bushels. They are worth '25 to .10 cents per
The Sea Serpent, noticed last spring in the
Brazos, has again made its appearance. He was
seen, on Thursday week, about three-quarters of
a mile below this place by several gentlemen who I
were on the river bank.?Columbia Democrat.
Ex-President Van tturcn has been proposed
by the U. S. commissioner of claims, at London, as
umpire, it is said, and the English commissioner
has the proposition under advisement.
Capt. McCerran is still in Calloa, limping about, j
The government lias otlcred hint >_'0,0U0 for his part '
and $00,000 for the United States government; but
McCerran refuses to receive the amount.
TpSkT" M. Jullien has been appointed by the coin- j
mitte of the Crystal Palace, of New York, as one !
of the judges on awarding prizes to the best con- \
tributors; commencing on the IMh of December i
.^PJf-The steamship City of Manchester arrived .
at New York on Monday morning, from Liver- I
pool, with a large and valuable cargo of merchan- !
dize on freight, and 418 passengers, of whom 15G i
were in the cabin.
Sir Astley Coopek, on visiting the French
capital, was asked by the surgeon en chef of
the empire, how many times lie had performed
some wonderful feat of surgery. He replied
that he had performed the operation thirteen
"Ah, but Monsieur, 1 have done him one hun
dred and sixty time. How many time did you
save his life f'
"I,*' said the Englishman, " saved eleven out
of thirteen. How many did yon save out of a
hundred and sixty?" continued Sir Astley.
u Ah, Monsieur, I lose dem all: but de oper
ation was very brilliank."
It is hard for a man who has seen England
and France both in motion to forget this story.
The following is one of those fleeting gems
that sometimes run as dazling fugitives through
the newspaper press. It deserves to be arretted
and embodied in the standard literatim- of
America. We therefore lav violent hands on it,
and ask that some book maker or other will
put it where it should be?in n handsomely
bound volume with golden clasps.
The daughters ol" my father's house?
They were not over fair,
But one of them had loving eyes,
And soft and shining hair.
Her cheek was like the pale blush rose,
i Her smile was like the sun,
Her brow, it was the Inirest thing
You ever looked upon.
She floated like a fairy sylph
Along tbejoySnsdancej
An angel's soul was on her brow,
And heaven was in her glance.
Her foot was like the tiny Wing
That bears a tiny bird;
Her voice was like its currolling,
Among the myrtles heard.
I would that you had seen her when,
The loviest of them all,
She sported through the happy band
That filled my father'* hall.
She was the darling little lamb
Our mother most caressed,
And I?I loved her as the soul
That sorrows in my breast.
She was the jewel in the chain
That bound me to this earth ;
That last sweet memory of the reign
Of childhood and of mirth?
The shrine whereon tny spirit laid
ller frankincense and myrrh;
And I can never love again,
As 1 have worshipped her.
Bui she is sleeping sadly now
Where willow leaflets fall:
And long green grasses wildly wave
Around my father's hall.
Hi ntsvim.e, Am-, Oct. 20, 1853.
latest Intelligence.
Krotu the Baltimore Patriot, November 1.
Central America.?Boston, Oct. 31.?The brig
Helen Jane, with advices from Omoa. September
20th, and Truxillo to October 5th, arrived here this
morning. She reports that President Carrera. of
Gautamala, took possession of Oinoa on the 25th
without resistance, and re-embarked again on the
27th, taking with him seven brass cannon.
Steamship Ashore?Philadelphia, Nov. 1?A
steamship, supposed to be either from Boston or
Norfolk, is ashore on the Bulkhead, near New Cas
tle. She appears to be in distress. The impression
is she may be one of the Norfolk steamers, plying
between that city and New York.
Marine Dloaiiterife?Boston, Nov. 1.?Portions
of a wreck, supposed to be of the steamer Ajax,
were seen on Sunday night forty miles from Cape
Cod. The Ajax tow boat left Boston harbor, with
thirteen persons on board, eight days ago. It is
supposed that they have all perished.
Storm on the I-akeiu?Blkpalo, Nov. 1.?The
recent gale has proved very disastrous on the
lakes. The steamers Southerner and Minnesota,
and the brigs Gerowl and Walker have been to
tally wrecked.
The Mluesota's Cargo.?Buffalo, Oct. 31.?
The cargo of the steamer Minesota, lost on the
rocks in Detroit river, had on board a cargo of
1G.000 bushels oats, 4,000 do. wheat, 100 do. seed,
and 700 barrels of flour, all of which were a total
loss. There was an insurance on the Minesota
in the Sun and Mutual offices for $20,000.
The propeller New England has gone ashore on
the Canada side, with a cargo of three hundred
tons merchandize.
The Fisheries.?British armed brig Bouita
left Halifax on the 22d of October for Canso, in
consequence of a report that.about 100 Yankee
lishing vessels had pursued an immense school of
mackerel within the limits of Fox island, " and
were committing flagrant depredations upon the
persons and property of the fishermen belonging
to that neighborhood." "
Ship President.?The only person lost with this
vessel, on Partridge island, was the second mate,
brother to the first mate. His body was found on
the 20th of October l>ei ween two rocks, and much
Markets.?New York, Nov. 1., P. M.?The
stock market closed firm. Erie 73J ; Long Island
27J; Reading 74; Parker Vein lOjj; Cumberland
Coal33|, Phoenix 15; New Creek 2|; Nicaragua
21 J. Exchange on Lo.idon [email protected] prem.
Flour is firm and more active?sales of 15,000
bbls. at SO [email protected] 75 for Stato to $7 Olil fi>r south
ern ; choice brands $7 12. Rye flour and corn
meal unchanged.
Wheat firmer?sales 50.000 bushels at 104(u)l<?5
cents for Genesee ; and 160(a) 163 cents tor Mich
igan. Corn dull?sales 10,000 bushels at 75(g>76
cents for white and nuxed. Rye and oats un
changed. Sales 150 bbls. mess pork at SIC; orime
do. SI3. Cotton steady at previous prices. Whis
key 31^(^32 cents.
? Philadelphia. November 1.?The stock market
quiet. Flour held firmly at $8 75. Wheat, red.
$1 40 @ SI 41; white SI 4S @ $1 50. . Corn 7S
(g) 77 cents. Oats 44 @ 45 cents. Rye SS (a) 90
cents. Whiskey 31 @ 32 cents.
New Orleans, October 29.?The cotton market
is dull?holders awaiting the steamer. Sales of
the week are 10.000 bales. Middling Orleans S?
cents for strict. Receipts ISO.OOO bales- less than
at this period last year.
The weather here is cold, and we have had one
slight frost.
Baltimore, November 1.?We could hear of no
sales of Howard street flour to-day until near the
close of'change, wlier 700 barrels were sold at
SO 02 J.
Sales of 500 barrels City Mills at $0 62J, and 500
barrels at $0 0SJ cash, and 300 barrels for future
delivery at SO 50.
Sales at auction to-day (cargo Kate Pendergast)
of 158 hogsheads Porto Rico sugar at S5 @ 5 S5;
5S barrels do. $5 10. Also, cargo of schooner
Fawn. 153 hogsheads Porto Rico sugar at SI 85
@ $5 20; and 30 tierces Cuba sugar at SI 00 @
S4 S5.
Wheal ?the supply ol wheat was very small to
day. Sales of only a few hundred bushels at 133
(a) 137 cents for red, to [email protected] cents for good to
prime white. No family flour white sold. Infe
rior lots 3 to 10 cents less.
Corn?About 7.000 bushels offered. Sales yel
low at 70-cents ; inferior do. 05 cents ; white 65(0)
00 cents.
Rye?We quote Pa., at 92(g)93 cents ; Md. aud
Ya. [email protected] cents.
Oats?Md. and Va. good to prime at 41 @43 cts.;
inferior do. [email protected] cents.
Flour held at SO [email protected] 75. No sales reported.
Whisky in hhds. 31 cents, and bbls. 32 cents.
Every evening (hiring the tceel-, and Wednesday
and Saturday afternoons.
T. BISHOP'S Serio-comic, Pictorial
and Vocal entertainment of
Sanfi and Scenes,
jSif-Tickets 'ZS cts. Children half-price.
Doors open at 7?to commence at 7$.
Oct 2fi
(Late Iron Hall.)
THIS beautiful and prominent building is now
being elegantly fitted up for the production of
to afford the citizens of Washington a place of
amusement where comfort, combined with good
taste can always be found.
A corps of performers have been selected for
this season, whose combined talent will far sur
pass any heretofore known in this city.
Oct 26?2wd
on the night of the 27th inst. my two appren
tices, named August Ilcitmuller and Albert Happ
ner, both Germans. The former was about 5 feet
(1 inches high, deformed about the shoulders and
very near-sighted. The latter was about f> feet G
inches high, of a boyish appearance, and had been
but a short time in this country. Any person ar
resting them, or causing them to be arrested in the
District of Columbia, will receive the above re
Ciuar manufacturer, Sentinel building.
Oct 20?3tif. [Bait. Sun.]
forsuleat JOE SIIILLINGTON'S Bookstore.
Harper's Magazine lor November is a magnifi
cent nnmber. It contains over sixty engravings,
splendidly executed, and the commencement of
Thackeray's new novel, " The Newcomers.''
Knickerbocker Magazine for November.
Jane Seton, or the King's Advocate?a Scot
tish historical romance.
Spiritualism, by Judge Edwards and Tall
Subscriptions received for any magazine or pe
riodical published, and delivered in any part of the
city, or sent by mail to any part of the country.
Stationery, books, newspapers, and everything
in the cheap publication line, tor sale at
Odeon building, cor. 4} st. and Pa. av.
Agent for the New York Herald, Tribune, and
Oct 30?,It if.
of the different hotels in Washington, are com
pelled to advance in their prices for board to two
dollars and fifty cents per day; also, seven dollars
per week for meals, on and after the 1st of No
vember next.
M. A. DEXTER, National Hotel.
T. P. t!c M- BROWN. Browns' Hotel.
H. A. W'lLLARD. Willard's Hotel.
DANIEL D. FRENCH, Irving House.
R B HACKNLX U. S. Hotel.
W. GADSBY, Gadsby's Hotel.
Oct 29?dlwif.
newspaper advertising office,
Advertisements received for
all journals throughout the United States,
Canada* and Europe, and arrangements made at
the lowest rates. All papers kept on file for the
inspection of advertisers, and every information
given. Oct 1? tf
Marine Disasters*
Boston, Nov. 1,?Tlie barque Marmion reports I
that on Sunday last she taw off Cape Cod part of
the wheel-box and other portions of a wreck sup
?3sed to belong to the steamer Ajax, from New
ork, before reported as probably lost.
The schooner H. Jenkins, lroin Homes' Hole,
picked up at sea a boat containing the crew of the
schooncr Edmund Adams, of Philadelphia, from
Port Richmond for Jersey City, which had sprung
a leak and been abandoned. The crew had been
in a boat for two days, without provisions and
Democratic a ud_ Free soil Coalition.
Boston, November 1.?The Democratic and Free
soil Conventions which met at Concord yesterday,
iormed a coalition, each party nominating three
candidates for the Senate. The Democratic Con
vention passed a resolution declaring insubordi
nation and dictation on the part of a public officer
to the head of the nation, treason to the democracy,
and that the removal of collector Bronaon by the
President met their approbation.
New York. November 1.?Flour?Sales of 17,000
barrels at $0 62* @ 56 75 for State, and $6 85 @
$<3 674 for Ohio. Sales of 450 barrels Southern
at $7 (oy $7 12J. Whent has advanced 2 (q) .3
cents. Sales of05,000 bushels at $1 65 for Gene
see. and 81 H3J for white Western.
Corn Sales of 13,000 bushels at76c. for mixed,
and 79c. for yellow.
News by Telegraphs?We have just received,
by telegraph, the iact that GILMAN'S instantane
ous LIQUID HAIR DYE is the only article now
used in the fashionable circles at Washington, all
other preparations having died out.?Florida Re
For sale by Z. D. Oilman, Chemist,
Washington City.
- ? ir-"w THE THOMAS COLLYER will
ifs-ctdKSSa leave the regular steamboat wharf.
The coach leaves the Capitol at 8, 9#, 11$, 1J, 3$.
and 4| o'clock.
Leaves Alexandria at S, 9$, 11 J, li, 3J, and 4|
Leaves Washington at 9, 10$, 12i, 2?, 4, aild 51
The George Washington and Collyer can be
had for Pleasure Trips ; also for towing.
Nov. 2?6t? SAM'L GEDNEY, Cap'n.
ceived a full and complete assortment of
new and seasonable goods, which I will sell for
cash very low. I think it is useless to specify so
many pieces of this and the other. Come and see
tor yourselves, as it will afford me pleasure to
show them, whether I sell or not. So come on
with the pewter, and take the goods while thev
can be had. E. S. TATE, of Va.,
Pa. av., south side, 4 doors from 7th st.
Nov 2?lw.
Pennsylvania avenue between 9th and lOfA streets.
Dealers in watches, jewelry,
Silverware, and Fancy Articles. Also,
Watchmakers and Jewellers.
The Chronometer, Duplex, and all the varieties
of Watches of a good quality, put in order.
Watches, Jewelry, and work from our estab
lishment warranted as we represent.
Cooper, Adams, Hutton. Jules Jurgensen, Patek
Philippe, and a variety of Swiss and English made
Diamond, Ruby, Pearl, Opal. Garnet, Jet wort,
Nov 2?2weod H. SEMKEN.
Second Door east of the U. S. Hotel.
A LARGE SUPPLY of those Beautiful
Curled-brim Hats have just been received,
which, for grace, durability, and cheapness, cannot
be surpassed.
Also. Men's and Boys'Caps of entirely new pat
terns. and Infants' Fa icy Hats and Caps.
A large assortment of Undershirts, Drawers.
Dress Shirts, Hosiery, Arc., and other goods for
gentlemen, may ulso be found at
Second door east of the United States Hotel
Oct 29?tf
NEW GOODS! Bargains for CASH J
t"re* Exhibition of the most splendid assortment
of fall patterns, at the Metropolitan Paper Hanging
and Upholstery Warerooms, No. 5, Washington
J luce, east side of 7th street, 5 doors south of E
street. I would most respectfully inform the citi
zens of Washington, Georgetown, and vicinity,
that I have just received from the manufacturers a
splendid assortment of Paper Ilaugings, of the
richest designs and best finish, embracing all va
| rielies and kinds?viz: Gold, Silver, Velvet, Satin
and Unglnzed Papers, at all prices, from 10 cents I
to S3 ,j0 cents per piece. Borders of the richest
patterns, ranging in price from 12$ cents to $2 50
for nine yards. Window Shades from 37J cents
to $4, and upwards, according to quality.
Paper hung by the best workmen. All work
warranted to give satisfaction. Designs for halls
and vestibules are kept on exhibition. Statuary
and ornamental work done in an artistic manner.
Churches and halls papered and decorated after
the Parisian and New York styles.
Upholstery work done in the best manner, and
at short notice, by skilful workmen.
Particular attention is called to my 25 cent Satin
Papers. My assortment is unrivalled by anyother
in this city. No trouble to show goods. A call is
respectfully solicited. Doors open till 9 o'clock in
the evening. JOSEPH T. K. PLANT
Sep 21?Smeod (m)
FOR RENT, the Building now being flu.
ished on the northeast corner of 7th street and
.Louisiana avenue, in this city.
The first floor has been constructed for a Bank
ing Establishment, of marble, with vaults &c and
two stores on 7th street. The basement is'con
s.ructed to embrace all the ntodern ^e^ence.*
for a restaurant, in connex.on with a kitchen and
vaults for coal, oysters, provisions, &c. The restau
rant communicates both from inandout doors, with
the second story, which is composed of four rooms,
communicating through ample folding-doors, for
the accommodation of either large or small private
parties. Should the second Mo?y not be taken in
connexion with the restaurant, the rooms will be
rented for offices. The third story embraces near
ly the whole extent of the building, and is well
adapted for a commodious billiard-room for three
tables. 1 he fourth story embraces the whole ex
tent of the building, anj wen adapted for a
printing room or amory, and. if not rented, will be
reserved for a meeting a?d exhibition room. Gas
and water and all the ni0(jern improvements have
been introduced on each floor of this building, and
its position, situated in the very heart of the most
business portion of Washington, must ensure large
profits to competent tenants.
Apply to or addres8 s. C BARNEY,
Sep 21?tf E.bet. g and 7th sts, Washington.
FOR RENT.?The old tavern stand known
ns the "Green Tree House," near the old rail
road de|tot.on Pennsylvania avenue, Washington,
D. C., is now oflered for rent for a term of years.
The good will and fixtures will be sold on reason
able terms. The proprietor being about to engage
in other business, is the only reason for his offer
ing this property for rent. Its location is one of
the best on the avenue. This affords a fine oppor
tunity to any person with a small capital to en
gage in a lucrative business ; the house not b?ing
over three minutes' walk from the canitol exten
sion. and is well situated for boarders, Jcc. Inquire
Green Tree House, Washington, D. C.
Oct 20?eolw.
100 packages Loaf, Crushed, Powdered, Pulver
ized. Ground, Granulated, Havaua, and
Clarified Sugars
25 hogsheads prime and low priced Porto Rico
and New Orleans Brown Sugars
2,000 gallons pure Cider Vinegar, made m Vir
ginia, warranted to preserve pickles
100 gallons imported White Wine Vinegar, for
200 pounds white and brown Mustard Seed,
Long Pepper, white Jamaica Ginger, Mace,
Cloves, Arc.
For sale by E. E. WHITE Sr CO.,
Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th
streets; opposite Bank of Washingtow.
of Stovss and G rates, Sheet-Iron, Copper and
Tin Ware, and Hot-Air Furnaces, southeast cor
ner of Pennsylvania avenue and I Ith st.
, Oct 3?lmTuThSa * ,
an* Sato Offices.
Law notice.?sidjiey s. Baxter,
late attorney general of Virginia, has re
moved to Washington to practice law.
He will practice in the Supreme Court of the
United Statea, the courts of th? District of Colum
bia, and attend to any professional business con
fided to him.
Office in Morrison's new building on 4} street,
east of Pennsylvania avenue.
Hon. J. J. Allen, Hon. Wm. Daniel,
Hon. Richard Moncure, Hon. G. B. Samuels,
Hon. G. H. Lee, of the Court of Appeals of
To the Judges of the Circuit Courts of Virginia.
To the senators and members of Congress from
Sep 21?lyeod. (m)
J\. Claimants?FRANCIS A. DICKINS con
tinues to undertake the agency of claims beforo
Congress and other branches of the government,
including commissioners under treaties, and the
various public offices. He will attend to pre
eraption and other land claims, the procuring ot
patents for the public lands, and procuring scrip
for Virginia bounty land warrants, ami the confir
mation by Congress of grants and claims to lands,
claims for property lost in or taken for the service
of the United States; property destroyed by the
Indians, or while in the possession of the United
States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, widows', and
half'pay pensions; claims for revolutionary ser
vices , whether tor commutation, halt-pay, or
bounty lands; also, claims for extra and back pay,
&e., of soldiers, sailors and marines; as well those
aainst the State of Virginia, as the United States;
claims, growing out of contracts with the gov
ernment, for damages sustained in consequence ot
the aciton or conduct of the government; and, in
deed, any business before Congress or the public of
fices which may require the aid of an agent or attor
ney. His charges will be moderate, und depend
ing upon the amount of the claim and the extent
of the service.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is know n to most ot? those who
have been in Congress within the last few years,
or who have occupied any public attention at
Washingt on.
His office is on Fifteenth street, opposite to the
Treasury Department, and next door to the Bank
of the Metropolis.
All letters must be postpaid.
Sep 28?lyd (m)
Security, Stability, and Perpetuity.
Prei/uum Payments made Easy and Convenient.
Fund, January 1, 1851, *306,039 04.
Office In Washington City, corner it. anil Penn. avnnua.
System cash, dividends ca.i/i, no scrip and credits,
the value of which none can tell, because not con
vertible; but cash premiums, cash dividends, and
losses paid in cash is the system of this office. All
its operations are in cash, the amount insured con
sequently on settlement day is never reduced; on
the contrary, increased; thereby holders of policies
are never disappointed. More thnn this, policies in
force, of two years standing, for life, will at any
time be purchased upon surrender, and one-fourth
to two-thirds of the whole amount of premiums
paid to the office returned in cash. See prospec
tuses. Charles G. Imlay, secretary. S. R.Cuaw
foru, president. Puny Smith, actuary.
J. E. NORRIS, Agent, Washington City.
JOHN RICHARDS. M. D., Med. Adviser,
Duval's building, Penn. avenue, near 44 st.
Oct 25?dim
Capital 1100,000, paid in and securely
in rested.
A. A. ALVORD, President.
Among its directors arc Ambrose C. Kingaland,
Silas C. Herring, George D. Phelps, John P.
Brown, Edwin D. Morgan, Mynderl \ an Schaick,
?nd other substantial men of New York.
Iusurahcca made upon the most favorable terms.
C. B. ADAMS, Agent,
Office 9th street, opposite the Patent Office.
Oct 1C?eolm (m)
Engineer, Surveyor and Draughtsman.
THE SUBSCRIBER, recently draughtsman 01
public lands to the House of Representatives,
attached to the General Land Office, and formerly
engaged upon Northern railroads, otter* his ser
vices as above.
Draughts of maps, and plans of every descrip
tion prepared of railroads, public lands, and models
of patents, and forwarded to any part of the Union,
with any information pertaining to the above mat
ters. Address: J. H. ADAMS, Jr.
Washington, D. C.
Office 15th street, 4 doors north of F. (in) 3t
And Insurance Agent*.
Wilt attend to the negotiating of loans and the
agency business generally.
Opposite the Post Office, Washington city.
Oct. 4?lmo. (m)
ENERAIi AGENCY.?Taylor & Collins
will prosecute claims of every description
against the government, before the departments
or Congress. Procure pensions, bounty lands
extra pay, and arrearages of pay. They will at
tend to the buying and selling of real estate, the
renting of houses, and a general collecting busi
They will also furnish parties at a distance with
such information as they may desire from the seat
of government.
Charges will be moderate.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War.
Hon. James C. Dobbin, Secretary of the Navy
Nicholas Callan, President Board Common
General John M. McCalla, Attorney at Law.
James H. Caustin.
W. C. Riddell, State Department.
Officeon F street, immediately opposite Winder's
Building, Washington, D. C.
Sep 28?timod&w.
GENERAL AGENCY, Washington City,
D. C.?The subscriber offers his services to
the publici.n the prosecutionofclaims before Conj
gress or any of the Departments of the Govern
ment. Some years' experience as disbursing Agent
at the Indian Department, with a general knowl
edge of the mode of transacting business in the
offices of the Government, enables him to promise
satisfaction to all who may intrust business of this
character to his care.
He will also give special attention to the collection
of claims against parties residing in the District of
Columbia or vicinity ; to negotiating loans, as well
as the purchase or sale of Stocks, Real Estate, Land
Warrants, ff., fc., or furnish information 10 cor
respondents residing at a distance, in regard to
any business which may interest them at the seat
of Goverament.
Office over the Banking-House ot Srldkn,
Withers 6c Co., to whom he refers.
N. B. References of the most satisfactory cha
racter will be given to correspondents in whatever
State they may reside.
Sep. VJ4?lm
NEW YORK, May ?, IW33?The under
signed has this day opened an office, No. 42
William street, (Merchants' Exchange.) for the
transaction of a general brokerage business.
Bank, insurance, mining, railroad, government,
State, and city securities bought and sold.
..Promissory notes, bills of exchange, and loans
Sep 21?dtf EMANUEL B. HART
Thomas Brown, J. D. Winter,
of Virginia. of Pennsylvania.
The UNDERSIGNED offer their service,
to prosecute claims of every description be
fore Congress and the different departments ofthe
Office on 14th street, opposite Willard's Hotel.
Sep 29?tf BROWN WINThR.
Late of WiUarJs Hotel,
Reanectfullv informs his friends and the public
generally, thai he has leased, for a term ?f years,
the well known hotel on capitol hill kept by J.
Caspar's, esq. The same is now being repaired
and refurnished in the most modern style, and will
be opened for the reception of guest* on or about
the 20th of November?due notice will be given.
Washington, D. C., Oct 28?tf.

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