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VOL 1. DAILY. NO. 37. = CITY OF WASHINGTON, S ATUR~DAY~M0RN1NG, NOVEMBER 5, 1853. WASHINGTON SENTINEL IS PUBLISHED DAILY BY BEVERLEY TUCKER, Ward's Building, near the Capitol, CITT or WASHINGTON. TERMS. Daily, per annum, in advance $10 00 Tri-Weekly 5 00 Weekly 2 00 To Clubs oa Individuals, subscribing for five or more copies? Tri-Weekly, per annum, in advance f3 00 Weekly " " I 50 ^?~Po*tma??ters are requested lo act as agents gLgmits anfc Sato (Effitts. Law notice*?Sidney s. baxter, late attoruey general ot Virginia, has re moved to Washington to practice law. He will practice in the Supreme Court of the United States, the courts of the District of Colum bia, and attend to any professional business con fided to him. Office in Morrison's new building on 4 J street eastjof Pennsylvania avenue. RRFF.RKNCES. Hon. J. J. Allen, Hon. Win. Daniel, Hon. Richard Moneure, Hon. G. B. Samuels, Hon. G. H. Lee, of the Court of Appeals ot Virginia. . . To the Judges of the Circuit Couru of Virginia. To the senators and members of Congress from Virginia. Sep 21?lyeod. (m) ^ GENCY AT WASHINGTON?-'To Claimants?FRANCIS A. DICKINS con tinues to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and other branches of the government, including commissioners under treaties, and the various public offiees. He will attend to pre emption and other land claims, the procuring ot patents for the public lands, and procuring wrip for Virginia bounty land warrants, and the confir mation by Congress of grants and claims to lands, claims for property lost in or taken for the service of the United States; property destroyed by the Indians, or while in the possession of the United States; invalid, revolutionary, uavy, widows', and half-pay pensions; claims for revolutionary ser vices, whether for commutation, hall-pay, or bounty lands; also, claims for extra and back pay, &c., of soldiers, sailors and marines: as well those against the State of Virginia, as the United States; all claims, growing out of contracts with the gov ernment. for damages sustained in consequence ot the nciton or conduct of the government; and, in deed, any business before Congressorthe public of ffices which may require the aid of an agent or attor ney. His charges will be moderate, and depend ing upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the service. Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who have been in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any public attention at Washington. . His office is on Fifteenth street, opposite to the Treasury Department, and next door to the Bank of the Metropolis. All letters must be postpaid. Sep 28?lyd (m) UNITED STATES LIFE INSURANCE. ANNUITY AND TRUST COMPANY OF PHILA. Security, Stability, and Perpetuity. Premium Payments made Easy and Convenient. Fund, January 1,1851,1306,029 04. Office In Washington City, corner 4^ at. and Psnn. STenue. System cash, dividends cash, no scrip and credits, the value of which none can tell, becnuse not con vertible; but cash premiums, cash dividends, and losses paid in cash is the system of this office. All its operations are in cash, the amount insured con sequently on settlement day is never reduced; on the contrary, increased; thereby holders of policies are never disappointed. More than this, policies in force, of two years standing, for life, will at any time be purchased upon surrender, and one-fourth to two-thirds of the whole amount of premiums paid to the office returned in cash. See prospec tuses. Charlks G. Imi*ay, secretary. S. R. Craw ford, president. Pliny Smith, actuary. J. E. NORRIS, Agent, Washington City. JOHN RICHARDS, M. D., Med. Adviser, Duval's building, Penn. avenue, near 4* st. Oct 25?dim MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE COM PANY OF NEW YORK, Capital #100,000, paid In and securely Invested. A. A. ALVORD, President. Among its directors are Ambrose C. Kingsland, Silas C. Herring, George D. Phelps, John P. Brown, Edwin D. Morgan, Myndert V an Schaiclt, and other substantial men of New York. Insurances made upon the most favorable terms. C. B. ADAMS, Agent, Office 9th street, opposite the Patent Office. Oct 10?eolm ("0 Engineer, Surveyor and Draughtsman. THE SUBSCRIBER, recently draughtsman ot public lands to the House of Representatives, attached to the General Land Office, and formerly engaged upon Northern railroads, offers his ser vices as above. Draughts of maps, and plans of every descrip tion prepared of railroads, public lands, and models of patents, and forwarded to any part of the Union, with any information pertaining to the above mat ters. Addressu J. H. ADAMS.Jr. Washington, D. C. Office 15th street, 4 doors north of F. (m) 3t GEO. T. MASBKY * COM REAL ESTATE BROKERS, GENERAL CLAIM And Insurance Agents. Will attend to the negotiating of loans and the agency business generally. Op)l0tii$ the Post Office, Washington city. Oct. 4?lmo. (m) GENERAL AGENCY.?Taylor a Collins will prosecute claims of every description against the government, before the departments or Congress. Procure pensions, bounty lands extra pay, aud arrearages of pay. They will at tend to the buying and selling of real estate, the renting of houses, and a general collecting busi They will also furnish parties at a distance with such information as they may desire from the seat of government. Charges will be moderate. rsfkrrncrs: Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War. Hon. James C. Dobbin, Secretary of the Navy. Nicholas Callan, President Board Common ( General John M. McCalla. Attorney at Law. James H. Caustin. W. C. Riddell, State Department. , Office on F street,immediately opposite Winder a Building. Washington, D. C. Sep 28?6inod&w. General AGENCY, Washington City, It j) c The subscriber offers his services to the public in the prosecution of claims before Ooaj cress or any of the Departments of the Gov""* ment. Some years' experience as at the Indian Department, with ^ general knowl edge of the mode of transacting bl's,ne"? J" offices of the Government, enables him to satisfaction to all who may intrust business of Uus character to his care. ? . . .. He will also give social attention to thecolledtan of claims a gainst parties residing tn the District oj Columbia or vicinity: to negotiating loans, at we as the purchase or tale of Stocks, Real Estate, Land Warrants, !fc., f<\, or furnish information to cor respondents residing at a distance, in regard tc any business which may interest them at the seel of Government. 53^, Office oveT the Banking-Honse ol Srldrjc Withers fc Co., to whom he refers. JAMES J. MILLER. N. B. References of the most satisfactory cha racter will be given to correspondents in whatevei State they may reside. Sep. 24?1 m) TVTEW YORK, May ?, 1853^-The under. l\ signed has this day opened an office, No. 45 William street. (Merchants' Exchange,) for th? transaction of a general brokerage business. Bank, insurance, mining, railroad, government State, and city securities bought and sold. Promissory notes, bills ot exchange, and loan? X'Vvidtf EMANUEL B HART. tfUtlfing, fats, Caps,&t. NEW GOODS now opening.?P. J. Steer, Washington Place, 7th street, is now open ing a superior stock of Gentlemen's Goods, which it will give him great pleasure to show to all his patrons and to the public. In addition to the usual stock of a Merchant Tailor, special attention is in vited to a large stock of Gentlemen's Dress Shirts of very superior fit and quality. Also, Collars, Stocks, Neck-Ties, Cravats, Gloves, Suspenders, Hosiery, and Furnishing Goods, generally. Sep 21?3tawif2w (m) P\v. BROWNING, Merchant Tailor, i under the United States Hotel, having en larged and improved his store, would now respect fully call the attention of citizens, and strangers visiting Washington, to his well-selected stock of French and English cloths, cassimeres, and vest ings, of the newest and most elegant styles of goods from the New York market. Having had twenty years' experience in the purchase of goods from the best importing houses in the UnitedStates, with such advantages as will enable him to offer them to the public on such terms as will give entire satisfaction to the pur chasers, and, in view of increasing his business, he has purchased an unusual large stock of goods, such as will defy competition for their beauty, style, and cheapness. All he asks is a call before you purchase else where, and he will convince you that you will save your money by so doing. A suit of clothes can be made up in the most elegant style at twelve hours' notice. Smperler Ready-made Clothing. I have on hand a superior assortment of ready made clothing, of my own work, made up in the most fashionable manner, such as overcoats in various styles, frock and dress coats, and also pants and vests, which will l>e sold at much less price than work made to order. N. B. Sole agent for Scott's report of Fashions for the District. Oct. 15?6m. (m) NOAH WALKER Ac CO., Marble Hall Clothing Emporium, Brown's Building, would respectfully inform their old customers, friends, and the public generally that they have now in store a very large and choice assortment of all qualities and styles of fashionable cut and well made Fall and Winte iclothing, direct from their own manufactory. Also, a large and weJl selected stock of those celebrated Patent shoulder seam Shirts, Under Shirts, Drawers, Collars, Ties, See., to which they invite the attention of all those wish ing supplies for the coming season. Prices low for cash. Keep always on hand a supply of servant's clothing. (m) Sep 31?3taw4w Jjottli, Utstimnmtj, gratWng Jotkm. BROWN'S MARBLE HOTEL, fENNSYLVANIA AVENt.'E, WASHINGTON CITY. T. P. Brown. M. Brown. Sep 21?dtf WASHINGTON HOUSE, NO. m, CHESTNUT ST., ABOVE TTH., Philadelphia. A. F. OLA??, PROPRIETOR. OUR HOUSE, BY CHARLES G. THOMPSON, Thirteenth Street, Sep 24?tf RICHMOND, VA A LEXANDER BAKER'S (late of Va.) J\_ Potomac. House, Pennsylvania avenue, a few doors east of 4J street, Washington. Sep21?tf THRESH NORFOLK OYSTER'S.?THE r subscriber receives regularly every Tuesday, and Friday, by the steamer Osceola, direct from Norfolk, a supply of the celebrated LYNN HAVEN BAY and NORFOLK OYSTERS, a most delicious article. His BAR is well supplied with the best liquors. All kinds of GAME in season. WM. RUPP, Penn. avenue, north side, bet. 3d and 4J streets. IRVING HOTEL, Washington?The sub scriber respectfully announces to his friends and the travelling public that he has taken charge of this large and well-known establishment, which has been completely and elegantly refitted and refurnished in every department.^ Having had charge for a long time of French s Hotel, Nor folk, and the Hotel at Old Point, and being expe rienced in all the details requisite to form a Hotel of the first class, he assures the public that every exertion will be made to render the Irving in every respect deserving of their confidence and support. D. D. FRENCH. Sep 21 gjtisctUawe0tt8. TUST RECEIVED A NEW SUPPLY J of FALL GOODS! at John E. Carter's. The undersigned has now ready for the inspec tion of purchasers, the largest, cheapest, and most beautiful assortment of Fall and Winter goods, (direct from New York and Philadelphia,) ever be fore exhibited in this market. Among them may be found : super English and French cloths, twilled and plain; French doe skin and other cassimers, all prices; ladies' dress ijoods! rich figured and plain silks, new style; rainbow lustres, beautiful high colors; Jenny Lind poplins, something new iordresses; Lupin's black bombasines and alpacas; French cashmeres, very handsome and very cheap; mousseline de laines, line and low priced; rich black Italian silks: a fine assortment of shawls; Scotch and English ginghams; chintzes and cali coes, from four cents up; white and colored flan nels, all prices; real Welch flannel; Irish linens and diapers; bleached and brown shirtings and sheet ings; men and women's hosiery, of every descrip tion and price. Blankets, fine, medium, and i-oarse; heavy cloths for servants wear; fine and cheapcassinets; gloves, suspenders, and umbrellas, silk and linen cambric hankkerchiefs; fancy era vats, stocks, and collars, &c. Together with a targe and general assortment of Canton flannels, linseys, plaids, tickings, checks, and every descrip tion of goods for servants wear. The undersigned calls the special attention ol farmers, as well as town dealers, to his present stock, which is now complete in all its departments, and to keep up the assortmeiit constant, semi monthly additions will be made until the first of January next. _ If you want cheap, desirable, and fresh goods, call and examine and be convinced. Mark the Bign. JOHN E. CARTER'S, Cheap cash store, Georgetown, D. C. Oct. 15-- -2w2aw (k) Prepare for a rainy day.?Look ?up your old Umbrellas, and send them to the subscriber in fair weather to be repaired, and thus give him time to do the work faithfully; for in rainy weather the press is so great that the work may not be well done, as ?' nothing is well done that is done in a hurry." Umbrellas for sale Irom 37| cents np to $6, com prising a general assortment of green, blue, and black silk and gingham umbrellas. A large assortment of articles suitable for every XgeJ tlTpla'o.. D. PIERCE, Penn. avenue, between 12th and 13th sts. Sep 21?eotf LITHOGRAPHY.?The undersigned have, in connexion with their establishment, a lith ographic printing office, and are prepared to exe cute orders lor checks, promissory notes, drafts, bills of exchange, circulars, Arc. Specimens can be seen on application at the store. COLLINS, BOWNE, & CO., 11th St., six dowrs north of Penn. avenue, Branch of Stationera'Hall, 174 and 17tt, Oct. 11?tf. (ia) Pearl street, New York. gjisttllanms. N1 ELECTION.?At a Special Meeting of the " Columbia Musical Association" for the annual election of officer*, the following gentle men were elected a committee to preside over the affairs of that society for one year. Andrew Schad, John Edgar, J. E. Schxi.l. Professor Chas. Lknscuow was unanimously re-elected Conductor, and Professor Andrew Schad elected Second Leader. Note. ? Amateurs wishing to improve them selves in playing on any instrument are invited to join the society, where they will have an excellent opportunity to perfect themselves. Application can be mude to either of the gentlemen belonging to the Committee. By order, Oct26?3t# A. SCHAD, Secretary. CHARLEM E. WEAVER, Attorney at Law and General Agent for the prosecution of claims against the government, Washington, D. C. Oct 19?lyd&cp Enamelled parlor and chan. ber Grates; circular, square, and oval patterns, of the latest styles and of the highest finish. The above are just received and for sale by R. II AS KINS, Pa. aveuue, south side, bet. 0th aud 10th sts. Oct 10, lm. (m) STOVES^-We hare Just received a new supply ol the latest paterns of stoves, of vari ous kinds, among which are to be found the Morn ing und Evening Star cooking stoves, for wood and coal; also, the Morning Star parlor stove, for coal, open front. WOODWARD & GUY, No. 4. north side Pa. av., bet. 10th and 11th sts. Oct 21?3t. EW PALL STYLES OP GENTLE* .a. i men's Furnishing Goods.?CHARLES H. LANE has just returned from New York, and is now opening a large and elegunt assortment ot Cravats, Scarfs, Stocks, Ties, Gloves. Suspenders, Handkerchiefs, Hosiery, See., together with all other articles usually found in a first-class estab lishment. The public are respectfully invited to call and examine my stock, which will be cheerfully ex hibited to all with polite attention. Reasonable prioes and fair dealing may be relied upon. LANE'S Hat, Cap, and Gentlemen's Furnishing Establishment, Penn. av., near 4} St. Oct. 5 ANTELS, IRON RAILINGS, AND Spring Mattresses. The Mantels are a new, cheap, and beautiful article, manufactured upon stone, in imitation of tlio richest Marbles, of the most rare and desirable kinds. In style and finish they stand unequalled, and are not injured by coal, gas, smoke, or acids. At the north they are be coming extensively used, and give perfect satis faction. Builders and others wishing to purchase are re quested to call and examine for themselves. Also, Pier Slabs to match the Mantels, of the same materials. Iron Cemetery and other Fencing and Railings. Will be kept constantly on hand, a variety of patterns, for which orders will be received and promptly executed. Premium Spring Mattresses, a new article, lar superior to anything of the kind now in use. R. HASK1NS, Agent, Penn. avenue, south side, near 10th street. Oct 19?lm (m* AT PRIVATE SALE. A Good Chance for an Investment. THE subscriber, intending to go south, offers a rare chance for an investment in his Stkam Saw Mili. Property, which is located on the") east side of Crawford street, south of Market square. This property fronts on Crawford street 56J feet, and runs back to the river channel about 800 or 1.000 feet, and when Water street is opened, it will have four fronts altogether. The engine is twenty-five horse-power. There will be no public sale of this property, and if not sold privately by the 15th of December, it will then be for rent. For terms, which will be accommodating, apply to Colonel M. Cooke, Norfolk, to Wilson ?k Grice, William H. Wilson. Portsmouth, or to the sub scriber. J. K. COOKE. P. S.?Persons purchasing this valuable prop erty, can be supplied with timber, either through the canal, or down the railroad. J. K. C. Raleigh (North Carolina) Standard and Balti more Sun copy one month and send bills to this office. Oct 23?2awl in JOHN W. McMATH, Attorney and Coun sellor nt Law, Solicitor in Chancer)-, and Nota ry Public, Mackinac, Michigan. Ip&r All business entrusted with him will be done with care and dispatch. Business of the Up per Peninsula will receive prompt attention. Oct. 14?tf. REEN'S INK ERASER and PAPER Cleaner for Bookkeepers. Clerks, and Lit erary Gentlemen.?A new kind of eraser or rub ber, far superior to any article for the same pur pose ever yet introduced; aside from its superior qualities as a pencil eleaner, it removes ink and other stains with more facility than the ordi nary scraper, and leaves the surface of the paper unharmed. Manufactured by the inventor and sold by COLLINS, BOWNE & CO., Branch of Sationers' Hall, Nos. 174 and 176 Pearl street; 11th street, 6 doors north ol Penn 31vania avenue, who are also sole agents for recti's Pensil Rubber. Oct 7?tf (m) PROFESSIONAL CARD. : " DRS. R. <b J. HUNTER, members of the Royal College of Surgeons, late of Islington, London, have taken up their residence in Wash ington. for the treatment of DISEASES OF THE CHESTj comprising affections of the Throat, Bronchitis, Asthma, Consumption, and diseases ot the Heart, to which branch of their profession they have for many years given their exclusive attention. The peculiarity of the treatment em ployed by Drs. II., is that the remedies employed are administered by Inhalation, in the form ol vapor. Residence and office, 12th street, between G and II streets. (m) Sep 21?ly ELECT CLASSICAL and Mathematical School.?The subscriber has removed his school to College Hill, where a commodious build ing is being fitted up for its reception. As the Preparatory Department of the Colum bian College, it will continue to preserve the char acter of a strictly select school, designed for lay ing the foundation of a thorough English, Classi cal, and Mathematical education. Tne next ses sion will commence on the 12th of September, and close on the last of June. Terms: $12 SO per quarter, payable in advance. At a small additional charge, the students will be permitted to attend the Lectures delivered in College on Chemistry, Geology, aud Mineralogy, and also to receive instruction ia French and other Modern Languages by the Professor in that de partment. Pupils may be boarded at the College, under the special care and superintendence of the Principal. The necessary expenses of a full boarding student will be about $190 per academic year, and of a weekly boarder will not exceed $150. GEORGE S. BACON, Principal. Refers to the Faculty of the Columbian College; Col. J. L. Edwards, Col. Peter Force, Win. Gun ton, Eso.; L. D. Gale, M. D., of the Patent Office; Joseph Wilson, Esq., of the Land Office; and Pro fessor C. C. Jewett, of the Smithsonian Institute. Septl? tf Mount pleasant hotel, capi tol Hill, Washington, for rent.?The above I is offered for rent, either with or without the Furniture and other fixtures. Itisoneofthe most desirable situations in thecity, and an excel lent location for business. Possession may be had at any time between this and the middle of Octo ber next. To a gentlemau of respectability desi rous of keeping a hotel, a fine op|>ortunity is of fered. Application to be made to the present pro prietor. , Sep 25-2w JOHN POY. HtimUsnt0us. THE SPIRIT OF THE TIM EH; a chron icle of the turf, agriculture, tield sports, liter ature, and the stage, embellished with splendid ?teel engravings. Published every Saturday morn ing, at No. 3 Park Place, New York. John Rich ard*, publisher. William T. Porter, editor. Oct 12# Try a bottle of the "Italian Trjcopherous.'"?It is warranted to be an in fallible remedy for strengthening and restoring the hair. Sold at 25 ccnts a bottle at Henry Seitz's Cigar store, corner of Penn. avenue and 4J street, south side. ' Oct 17 URNISHED ROOMS, With Board, lu a genteel, quiet family, can be obtained on F street, equi-distant from the Treasury and Patent Office, on application at this office. Sep. 5?2awiflm ^ ~p}RS. E. H. A J. A.CARMICHAEL have U this day associated themselves in the practice of medicine. Their office is on Pennsylvania av enue, north side, between 12th and 13th streets. Sen 29?lmd ' GA. WATSON, Marble and Brown Stone ? Yard, Massachusetts avenue, between 4th and 5th streets, Washington city, D. 0. Marble Mantles and Monuments, Tomb and Head-stones, kept constantly on hand. All building work fur nished at the shortest notice and at moderate prices, Oct 5?lm (m) TO BLANK BOOK manufacturers. Medium, demy, and tlat-cap papers, lor sale by COLLINS, BOWNE & CO., 11th st., six doors north of Penn. avenue. Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 17G, Pearl street, New York. N. B.?Orders received for book-binders' mate rials. (m) Oct. 11?tf. Blank books, ledgers, jour. nals, Day-Books, ice., for sale from the shelves, or made to order by COLLINS, BOWNE 6c CO., 11th st., six doors north of Penn. avenue, Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 176, Oct. 11?tf. (m) Pearl street, New York. T ETTER AND FOOLSCAP PAPERS, 1 J ruled and plain, from $1 25 to $7 50 per ream, lor sale by COLLINS, BOWNE & CO., 11th st., six doori north of Penn. avenue, Branch of Stationers' Hall, 174 and 170, Oct. 11?tf. (m) Pearl street, New York. EW STORE AND NEW GOODSU?New Hat, Cap. and Gentleman's Furnishing Store, 2d door east of the United States HoteL?I have just opened a splendid lot of hats, caps, shirts, collars, cravats, hosiery, &c., all of which are of the latest styles and fashions, to which 1 invite the attention ol all who are in want of such articles. My hats are manufactured expressly for me of the best ma terial, and I will warrant that they give satisfaction to the wearer. J. ?>. HENDLEY. Oct. 9?Ot AGNIFICENTLOUI8 XIV PIANOS^ The subscriber is this day receiving, per barque Maryland, from Boston, a supply of mag nificent Louis XIV and Central Pianos, from the factory of Mr. Chic ken'ng, Boston, whose experi ence of thirty years, and whose world-wide repu tation are the best testimonials of the excellence of his instruments. Also, on hand, a ful! assortment of excellent New York Pianos. The subsefiber's stock of Fianos is now the largest ever offered in this city, embracing every variety of grade and pattern. By the packet, which sails from Boston on Sa turday next, he will receive an additional supply of 7-octave Pianos. Second-hand Pianos taken in pnrt payment of new ones. New Music received semi-weekly. RICHARD DAVIS, Oct 12?eo3t (m) Penn. avenue. GAS FIXTURES-?The subscriber lm*" on hand, and is daily Receiving from the cele brated factory of Cornelius, Parker & Co., Phila delphia, a large and handsome collection of chan deliers, brackets, pendants. Arc., embracing all their new patterns, which he will dispose of at the man ufacturer's retail prices. Those in want of gas fixtures will find it to their interest to call and ex amine patterns and priccs before purchasing. C. W. BOTELER, ' Sep 24?eod2m. Iron Hall. BRANCH OF STATIONERS' HALL, N0.1. 174 and 170 Pearl street, New York. COLLINS, BOWNE & CO., Importers ol foreign and dealers in domestic stationery, are now offering one of the largest and best se lected stocks to the trade that can be found in this market. Our stock comprises all the various styles and qualities wanted in the United States and Canada*, consisting of bath post, plain nnd gilt edge; plain, gilt, and embossed note; cap, let ter, commercial note, commercial packet, and folio post; Hut cap, demy, medium royal, sup. royal; American and English drawing papers; plain, em bossed, and colored cards : card, perforated, Bris tol, bonnet, and straw boards; blank, pass, and memorandum books, of every variety; fancy, mar ble, and colored papers, at very low prices. Gold pens, with and without silver holders, and steel pens, cutlcry, Arc., with an endless assortment ot stationers' goods, and envelopes of every descrip tion. COLLINS. BOWNE & CO. 11th st., 6 doors north of Penn. avenue. Oct. 4?ly* (m) MARBLE MANTLES.?Marble works.? The subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and the public that he has increased hi> stock of Marble Mantles, comprising Sienna, Brockedelia, Spanish, Egyptian vein, Italian, nnd black marble, richly carved and plain, of the best quality, newest style, and superior finish, which lie offers for sale low for cash. Also. Marble Monu ments, Tombs, and Headstone Slabs; Eastern Marble for window sills, lintels, steps, and plat forms; Marble tile, counter and table tops; soap stone, calcined plaster. $2 7f> per barrel. Also on hand a large lot of Connecticut Brown Stone, New York Flags and Steps, suitable for building purposes. He invites the attention ot builders and others to bis stock, and_ will endeavor to give satisfaction to all who may favor him with their orders. WM. RUTHERFORD. ' On E st., bet. 12th and 13th. Oct. 9?6m. (m) M EDICAL EXAMINATIONS*?'THE i w ? undersigned will open rooms on the 1st of December, for the purpose of examining Medi cal stndents in the District of Columbia. We propose to devote ourselves, at convenient hours, to daily examinations of students, especially in reference to the usual courses of Lectures de livered in the city of Washington. The examinations will embrace, in their scope. Anatomy, Surgery. Obstetrics. Diseases of women and children. Physiology. Materia Mediea, Prin ciples and Practice of Medicine, Microscopical Anatomy, Chemistry, and the more important parts of medical jurisprudence. The course, being confined solely to examina tions, will continue daily, and will clone the latter end of March. Suitable illustrations, by means of preparations, specimens, instruments, etc., will be afforded du ring the course, WILLIAM H. SAUNDERS, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy in the National Medical College. ALEXANDER J. SEMMES. M. D? Physician to the United States Jail. For tickets apply to Dr. Wm. H. Saunders, cor ner of 4} street nnd Louisiana avenue, opposite the City Hall, or to Dr. A. J. Semmea, east side of 4| street, betwee: Pennsylvania and Missouri venues. Washington, Oct. 2. 1953?2awtDl lnte'!igencer.) Dr. VA S PATTEN, SURGEON DENTIST, Penn. avenue, between 6th hnd 7th at#., next to Todd'a Hat Store. Sep 21--tf SHasjiingiott Jmitiiul. Oorrenpondence of the Providence Jouruti. Chlncha Islands. Chixcha Islands, Aug. 20, 1853.?I have now been here about three weeks, and will en deavor to give you some idea of the islands and vicinity, matters and things in general. The islands are situated in the heart of the tr?de winds, which blow continually from ESE. to SSE., about 120 miles south and east from ('allao. The wind seldom varies from the points of the compass above named, and this causes an almost constant current to the north and west, which is dead ahead lor vessels coming from tho north. An average passage for common ves sels from Callao to the islands is eight to ten days; many are twenty, and some even thirty coming down. The wind in shore being very light, the coustant current to the north and west makes it at all times almost impossible to reach the islands. There are now some forty American ships here, among them eight of the finest clippers belonging to the United States, all bound home with guano. The fleet here is composed of 140 vessels, American, English, French, Russian, Italian, Dutch, and Swede. In describing the islands and vicinity to you, 1 would refer you to a draft or sketch enclosed, | showing you the situation of them, the main land, &c. On the right you see the city of Pisco, of which I cannot give you a description, as I have not yet visited it. I hear it is al most impossible to land there in common ship's boats, on account of the surf on the beach. There are three of the Ohincha islands, or others off at the left, merely detached rocks or pinnacles, which have, I think, in past ages, been reft from the other islands. The water around the main ones in very bold. A ship would strike her jibboom afoul of the rocks be fore her keel would touch. The fleet now lies moored off at the north and the eastoftlie islands. The furthest say one mile off, thence close into the rocks, and some made fast to the rocks. One part of the fleet lies in between the middle I and the north islands. In this fleet I ain now lying. My bow anchor is in ten fathoms' water with thirty-five fathoms chain out, with my stern in five fathoms, within one hundred feet of the rocks, being fast to them with two hawsers, one on each quarter, the rocks and guano about two hundred and fifty feet perpendicular above me. The lower part of the rocks are worn full of caverns by the sea. We were at first very much disturbed nights by the surf roaring under our stern, but are now quite used to it. The ships lie close to each other and often swing afoul. Close to the rocks we have much more swell than off, say one-quarter of a mile. On certain days of the moon, as the full, we have much more swell than on others. Little is then done, as boats cannot lie at the rooks; but we then have to keep a sharp look-out to prevent getting afoul of each other. A few days since, a ship moored near me dragging her anchors, and came afoul of me. We were together about two hours ere we could Set her clear. The islands are from one hun red to one hundred and fifty feet high. The south one the lowest, and these covcred with Suano;the north one to the depth of one hun red and twenty-five feet. This seems almost incredible, but I assure you it is no exaggera tion. The middle one has about eighty feet of guano, and the south one but little on it. None of the other isles or main land have any on them. Few birds are seen here in comparison to what one would suppose. It is still a ques tion with many what this guano is. I cannot believe it is wholly the excrements of the birds.' On the very top of the middle island are rocks completely bare, of tons and tons weight, beautifully polished, apparently by the birds' feet, but not one particle of guano on them. There are also on the very tops of these moun tains caves, that go down to depths yet un known. They have been explored one hundred and twenty-five feet. The mouths or entrance resemble very much the crater of a volcano. Vessels all load at the lee of the island. At this time the guano has been removed from the edge of the island in places, say one thousand feet. Rails are laid and cars are used to bring it to the edge of the rocks and dump it into large bins or shutes made of long poles inter woven with ropes and chains to support them, wide at the upper euds and narrow at the lower, These hold from one hundred to five hundred tons. At tho lower end are gates or scuttles, and from these gates are canvass bags of about two feet in diameter, leading down to theshijjs and boats below. The ships are hauled close to the rooks and moored off and on. The hose are led at once into the hatch, the gates above are hoisted, and you can imagine the force with which it comes down through this hose of one hundred feet. A thousand ton ship can be loaded in forty-eight hours. Smaller bins are used by the boats, which all prefer, as we have much less dust, A ship under the spout or hose is completely enveloped in a cloud of dust, making it almost impossible to exist on board. The guano is trimmed away in the hold by natives with oakum tied over their mouths and noses (this lets in air and excludes the dust) and veils over their eyes. They can only stay below from twenty to "thirty minutes. They are in gangs of eight or ten, and relieve each other as above. Every part of the vessel is penetrated with this dust. It will go where smoke will. I can compare it to nothing but so much dry ashes. The guano abounds in hartshorn, and is said to be very healthv and beneficial in some complaints. The vessels are all of one color from truck to water. Not a snear of grass, rush or reed, is to be seen an vwhere; no vegetable matter of any kind on the islands. Where the guano is now removed is a perpendicular bank of about one hundred feet. In it are found dead birds; some even on their nests with eggs under them. I have several of them perfect in shape, still pure guano. Most of them crumble to dust when exposed to the air. Layers of reeds and twigs are to be found through the guano, said to be brought there from the main land by the birds for their nests. As we walk over the islands, we find holes innumerable. These nre the habitations of the birds. With daylight they go seaward for food, and return with dark ness to spend the night on the islands. They arc of various kiuds?pelicans, penguin, many of the duck species,'Ac. Seals and sea-lion's are seen in thousands sporting among the rooks and ships, and basking in the sun. Mcthinks I hear you say, what a place for gunning; and you will, no doubt, be surprised when I tell you t have not discharged my gun since I sailed from New York. Hie laws nerc are very rigid, ' not a gun or pistol is allowed to be fired ou or around the islands, or on lioard ship at all. A Cnalty is exacted tor every bird killed; this s caused much trouble here, of which I will inform you by and by: still parties go on shore nights and rob the holes of their inmates, gen erally two birds, something like our mackerel gulls. They are said to eat very well, but rather fishy. We find eggs at times in abun dance. yet these we are not allowed to touch. The laws are strictly enforced, not even the seals or sea-lions are we allowed to shoot, but 1 rm hard tempted at times. I sometimes use my harpoon as they swim around the ship; but when fast, it is impossible to hold on, as lookouts are stationed all around, and scarcely a day passes without trouble in some quarter. Every vessel that comes here has a certain number of lay days, about ten davs for every one hundred tons. Most of ud have to lay here our days out. At daylight dozens of bouts can lie seen around the spout* waiting for loads. Daily accounts are kept of each ship's davs and turns; so many loads per day are allowed them, say, first week, two loads per dav, second week, three loads per day, third week, four loads per day. We are all supplied with boats. They bold from ten to twenty tons, and are generally ship's long boats, sold to the Peruvians when they leave for home. Labor ers cannot now be hired here at any price; we can only work our own men. One would inia giue that it would be impossible to exist in the clouds of dust. The men arc all of one color, you cannot tell a white one from a black one "when at work in it. It is fun for our sailors. I As a general thing, I never saw n set men more interested for their employers than they are in loading our boats. They lay in it, rol and wrestle, and at times are completely buried in it. These shutes that lead into the vessels hold are dangerous. Cases have occurred where they have slipped in at the mouth of the hose as the guano went in or down and never seen again, or dead it found at all. At times when there is much surf on, I have seen the hose come out of the hatch and the guano go thirtv feet from the side of the vessel the big ness" of the hose. We are supplied twice a week, Wednesday and Saturday, from Pisco citv with fresh meat, vegetables and fruits, by boatmen who make finite a business of*it. Fresh beef eight and a half cents per pound; fowls, $10 per dozen; turkeys, $24 per dozen; pigs weighing twenty pounds, $3; sheep, $1 each. Vegetables are high?enough for one week's consumption for a crew of fifteen, say $2. Everything in the way of provisions is hlJln our American fleet we have six ladies, captain's wives; they visit each other often, and almost daily they are together on board ot j some ship. We have plenty of time to row | around the islands and see what there is to be seen. We are all very neighborly and help each other in all our troubles. If a ship is to be moored, boats with men from other ships are always ready and willing to help. It only has to be made known that help is wanted and they are soon on board. I never saw as many vessels together at anchor or otherwise, where so much good feeling and harmony prevailed as here. When a ship is loading and cannot spare her own men to go in the boats, if the captain wishes to go on board any vessel, or ashore, the ships that are not loading send their men to pull liiin wherever he wont* to go. I am to-day loading and cannot spare a man. Captain L., of Newport, 11.1., has sent Ins boat to take me on board the ship B., bound out and home. She will have six or eight captains with their crews to help him off. 1 he other day, when that ship dragged afoul of ine, it was about sunrise when the ship began to strike, and at 7 o'clock he had six boats with anchors and men to haul him off; and thus we work for each other. No pay is expected, only good , will. If any trouble occurs on board ship, a signal is hoisted, aud there will soon be plenty of help on board of her. My boy George, (six vears old,) is the only child in the fleet. I he captains are many of them often after him; he is visiting around from ship to ship about one half the time. JOHN ft. CO/GDON, Jiarqtte Hannah Thornton. Chixciia Islands, Sejtt. 9, 185.1. Some time has transpired since I liegan this letter, and I have much news to tell you. 1 am now on my way to Callao. I left the ,?|a""s yesterday afternoon, and expect to be at Callao bv Sunday; the mail leaves on Monday. J le'ft the Helen McGaw at the islands ; she will be loaded by the 25th or 30th. You will hear by this steamer of much trouble between the shipmasters and Peruvians. I will give you an account of it, as I was on board the Defi ance during the whole of the transaction. Cap tain McCerrau, of ship Defiance, has been here , about one hundred days. He is a smart mau I and a strict disciplinarian, one of the New lork packet captains. The first aflair occurred about the middle of August. I think it was some of Capt. McCer ran's men were out fishing and killed a pelican I with an oar. It was seen from an old hulk used as a guard ship and the residence of the commandant of the islands. He had the Ame rican sailors brought alongside ot the hulk, and confined for killing the bird. Capt, Mc Cerran, hearing his men were confined there, went for them and offered to pay the fine of one dollar for killing the bird. He was told by the commandant, a rigid old half-blood Span iard, a post captain in the Peruvian navy, that his men had insulted him and that ho could not have them. Capt. McCerran told hiui to flog them, if he choose, in addition to the hue, but the men he must have, and demanded them. He was refused, and oi-dered to leave the guard ship himself. He refused to go with out his men. He was ordered into a boat by soldiers with fixed bayonet, and escorted to his ship by au armed force: The next day a meeting of most of the cap tains of the fleet took place, and resolved to go on board the guard-ship in a body and ask for a reason why the men were detained there. The commandant was not on board, and was sent for. On his arrival at the ship, he saw the collection of American captains, and,^be coming furious, ordered them all off, and would have nothing to say to them. Several tried personallv to converse with him to no avail, lie ordered a file of soldiers to load their mus kets There were some twenty odd shipmas ters'there and only one narrow gangway to re treat from. He then ordered his soldiers to charge with fixed bayonets on them; some were^stabbed slightlv, some knocked overboard , with the butts of their muskets, and several badly hurt. This caused much hard feeling here. Some were for attacking the whole Pe ruvian force here and exterminating them; this we could easily have done. But these feelings were restrained, and a committee of four ship masters were sent to Lima to consult our min ister there. In the meantime the men were given up, yet the hard feeling still continues. The shipmasters were called a set ot d?d ras cals by the commandant. All now went on well until the Defiance was loaded and ready to sail. I think it was on the ?2d of September. Many of the masters went on board, as is customary, to assist and see her off, mvself among the number. At 3 r. w. anchor was hove up, sails 8et, ?hip holdm* on bv lines, waiting for wind. V.c all licCerran had his guns loaded to fire a salute, as many ships had done on leaving. About 4 P. M. a breeze sprung up, but vcr.v h | .hi,, started ? little. The firet we knew b.njj went one of the guns. (apuMcCerni ! it off with hi. cwmr. The ,h.|> it few times hvrlength when w , WASHINGTON SENTINEL TERMS OF ADVERTISING. One M)nare (ten line*) 1 inner!ion SO f*> " " " 2 " 75 ?' M ?' 3 4' 1 00 " " "1 week 2 (JO " ? "1 month 5 OH Business card*, not exceeding five line*, for not lean than six month*, inserted at halfprice. Yearly advertisements subject to special ar rangement. Long advertisements at reduced rate*. Religion*, Literary, and Charitable notices in serted gratuitously. All correspondence on business must be prepaid. all armed, approaching us, three in our wake, and two others taking a circuitous route, with 10 or 15 soldiers in each boat. Of course no one expected any fighting, we only supposed they were coming to demand the fine ot $-.> for tiring the gun. I stood on the forward_of the house, just over the gangway, with my bo> George beside me. Three boato came along side, an officer came np the side. aptam McCerran met him at the gangways and ouched his hat to him. The officer demanded the fine. Cnpt. McCerran putd hnn and said to him stav sir, and collect another fine, as shall fire'another gun.' He then * ^f, officer 44 there is the gangway, leave mv ship, ^e officer refused, then Capt .McCerran say, to him, "do you mean force that you <some on board my ship with an armed force in this way?" The officer says d?n yon, what do you mean by force, and stepped over to the other side of the deck. Capt. McCerran Pepped to ward him, when the officer drew a pistol, one of three from his belt, holding his sword in his lea hand, cocked his pistol, and aimed it at the Captain' b head, saying, more again and I i shoot yon," and at the same instant saying, in Spanish, "come up men.' ? I stood still until this move of the soldiers. I caw trouble ahead; all of them rushed up in sonfusion ; two muskets or pistols were tired; 1 turned around, took my boy, ran aft with him, tied a rope round him and lowered him over the star lK>ard quarter, hearing at the same time several shots fired. We were all entirely helpless, and most of us were on the house with no weapons to defend ourselves. We had not anticipated any use for them. Some six or eight captain* jumped over the side of the ship into a boat as rapidly as possible, under the stem of the ship. Several shots struck the water alongside of us, as we pulled around. We saw several other captains holding on over theopposite quarter We pulled around and took them in. We then went to the opposite ship and climbed up. we went on board again, we found they had wounded Captain McCerran "udpiitironson him Thev dragged him over the side ot the ship into one of tfieir boats and took him off as a prisoner. One of their own soldieij was shot by themselves and severely wounded. One American sailor was shot in a boat alondside of the ship, through the thigh; another throng the hand. Captain McCerrau ordered his col ors hauled down and abandoned his ship to the Peruvian government. He was struck on head with a bonrding axe, and knocked dow n with the but of a musket, and thus disabled. No resistance was made, and many shots were tired at random by the soldiers, who were undei n?We afonoe called a meeting on board of another slap near by, and dispatched a boa ^ un armed to inquire how badly tapt. McCerrw was injured. No one was allowed to see him, and no news was given from him. ^ officers all left the ship: in the tiring some ot the rig ging was shot away and some ot the sails came Sown in a muss; she dnited in the rocks. The mate, who was forward, let the anchor go and brought her up, and there wa<, Ou the 4th an American doctor was anowei to -lend Capt. McCerran and drcssrf hi. wounds, but no one among us was ES to see him! We all met every da; on board some ship to talk over affairs and get the doctor's report. Our committee now returned from Lima with the news of their reception and interview with the Peruvian government. They demanded the recall of the commandant and a new onesentin his place. This was granted, and new one ret timed'"with them, with an order for fh" old one to return to Lima, to be Uued by a conrt martial. On hearing ot the d.fficulnes since we left, the new commandant refused to act. It was too serious an affair, and thus it re mained when I left. The Defiance lay there, abandoned by all her American officers; the crew refused to work the vessel under any ^DuriStliU time Captain McCerran was a prisoner on board the hulk, and no one of his friends was allowed to see him; for' the firat three days he was iron and chained to a ring bolt in the deck, with only some stjawtohe on; not even the blood was washed from his wounds for the first twenty-four hours. No Vmerican man-of-war was about here, and *e shall be obliged to call on John Bull to help ns An English frigate came in here soon after the first affair. The commandant was sent for; thev had an interview ; the command ant said the American captains, when they came on board the liulk in a body, had cometo tiL'ht The English commander says. No, sir you did not think so; and it was lucky for you that they did not, tor if they had^ jou fiance \ong Vh?? English command nirons and gave Wis reasons for doing so. Ihe English c nnniander asked the man, (who was an English .nun. ) "Did you enter the f )ofia"ce cabin against the express orders of the cap tain?" The man answered, 4 I did. ino commander said to him, " I have nothing to commanuc have Wen shot. H-i ?, s emoYd feUoBw; be said to the Pen.; Hi IS ll w ^ ^men can'sarc" our brothers?children of the same fathers?and we are bound to protect them in mo^elhat man from his vessel I will play h 1 W1Thl? English are with ns here, heart and hand. This will cause serious troubles, I think, with our government and Peru, as the com mandant ib the oldest post-captain in their navy, and from one of the most influential families in the countrv. lie is a very desperate man, w ith no government over his passions. I ere loin? seeing the stars.and stripes flying at the Chincha Islands and in the adjacent waters hereabouts. Callao, Sep/. 12, 18.)J. A steamer leaves here to-dav with our minis ter, Mr. Clay, bound for the Chincha Islands, to demand the release of Capt. McCerran. Much excitement is caused here upon this subject. I expect to leave here about tne loth or 20th for the United States. JOHN R. CONODON, Barque Hannah Thornton. Education.?This beautiful passage occurs in a late article in Frazer's Magazine: " Education does not commence with the alphabet. It begins with a mother's looks? with a father's nod of approbation, or a sign of reproof?with a sister's gentle pressure of a hand or a brother's noble act of forbearance? with handful of flowers in grrcn and daisy meadow, with bird's nest admired, but not touched?with creeping ants, and almost im perceptible emmets?with humming bees and glass bee-hives?with pleasant walks in the shady lanes, and with thoughts directed in sweei and kindly tones and words to mature to acts of benevolence, to deeds of virtue, and to the sense of all good to God himself."