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MY BEVKKLRY Tl'CKEK. KDrrao by WM. M. OVERTON AND CH. MAURICE SMITH. CITY OF WASHINGTON. \OYBMBBR 9, 1853. See tirni page for interesting new* items. For the latent intelligence and telegraphic new# see our third page. ISAI" Mr. Gkoboe E. Fbekcu, Bookseller, Kin? utreet, Alexandria, i* our authorised agent to re ceive advertisements and subscription*. Single number* can be procured at his counter every morning. .tS9* Mb. E. K. Lt'MDY, bookseller, Bridge street. 1 ieorgetown. will act as agent for the Sentinel in receiving subscriptions and advertisements. HEW YORK POLITICS. The New York election has now taken place, and although the result is not known, we deem (he oocttion not inappropriate lor us to review briefly the prominent points involved in the con test in that Slate. The collision at Syracuse was so sudden that it took the public initid un awares. It was the product of a long chain of circumstances extending ovtr so many vears that but few politicians even could recal them. The subject was still farther mystified and befogged by the efforts of designing men to misrepresent the past, and to cover np and conceal the real issues of the present. Martin Van Buren, who had led the demo cratic party to a Waterloo defeat in 1840. was a candidate for re-election in 1844. At one time, his prospects for the nomination ot the Baltimore convention were flattering. But his letter opposing the annexation of Texas, and the salutary operation of the two-thirds rule, blasted his hopes and filled his heart with bitter hatred to the democratic party, and more espe eialiy to the democracy of the south, which was united as one man in favor of annexation. The coarse pursued by the friends of General Cass also excited the bitter oenmitv of Mr. Van Buren's followers, so thnt they swore vengeance j against the Michigan statesman. Immediately after Mr. Van Buren's defeat | at the Baltimore convention of 1844, his par tisans?attributing his discomfiture to the agi tation of the Texas question?set on foot a movement to obtain revenge, by making an ap peal'' to the anti-slaver}' seutinient of the north. After the annexation of Texas was ac complished, they availed themselves of the in troduction of the Wilmot Proviso into Con gress ; and in 1847 they seceded from the State convention of New York because their "corner stone,'- as they termed the Proviso, was Reject ed as an element of the democratic creed. Their leading presses put the "corner stone" at the head of their columns, and called together the celebrated Herkimer convention on that basis. That convention was followed by a convention at I'tica, which appointed free-soil delegates to the'Baltimore convention of 1848. The admission into the Baltimore convention, of the freesoil delegates appointed at Utica by a factious organization unknown to the demo cratic party, was sternly resisted by such men ! as Daniel S. Dickinson; and Louis Caas was nominated as the democratic candidate for the j presidency. Then the Van Buren freesoilers j of New York, after denouncing the Baltimore i convention, united with the freesoilers and ub olitionists of other States and proceeded to Buf- j falo, where they erected the celebrated Buffalo platform, and nominated Martin Van Buren for the presidency and Charles F. Adams, of Massachusetts, an abolition whig, for the vice j presidency. This movement defeated the dem ocratic party in 1848, and led to the dangerous agitation which followed. In 1845), the year after the defeat of General Cass, a mischievions alliance was formed in in New York. That alliance was not based on a community of principles?least of all was it > based on a relinquishment of freesoil senti-. j ments. It was purely and simply a coalition i for the Rpoils. The national democrats nomi- , nated one half of the State ticket, and the free soilers nominated the other half; but each party ' adhered to its separate principles. ? The course which the freesoil leaders pursued during the session of Congress which enacted the compro mise of 1850, proves that the freesoil party never retracted, or intended to retract, any of its anti democratic heresies. The coalition of 1849 was continued; and as the freesoilers of New' York always acted in concert with the declared purpose of abolition izing the democratic party, they succeeded in winning over many of those who had sustained General Cass in 1848. This was accomplished by appealing to the ambitious desire9 of aspi rants, who being able to lead off a few followers, from the ranks of the national democracy, united with the freesoil organizations, for the purpose of obtaining position and place. Thus has a compact, unscrupulous, bargaining organiza tion been able to purchase np co-laborers whose easy virtue made them too weak to resist temp tation. By this natural process the soft-shell party was formed; but, from the nature of the cas?, its organization and future destiny most be controlled by the action of the Van Buren free (toilers. The coalition of 18-10 continued until 1852. not approaching but receding from the point of honest union. The soft-shell delegates mani fested in the Baltimore convention no spirit of concession nnd harmony; and after the nomi nation of General Pierce, and the ndoption of *he platform, the organs of the controlling portion of the soft-shell or freesoil organization denied that the plaiibrm was adopted at all, and took such ground, during the entire can vass, as would jiermit them at any time to re neV the anti-slavery discussion. Indeed, they strove tO impart to the union of the democracy of the coni.'try the same dishonest features which characterised the spoils league made in 1849 in the State of New York. This is fully and aatikfoctorily pro\ed to every candid and unprejudiced mind bv subse quent events. The freesoilers, who control tha xoft shell organization, ateadily refused to sus tain the Baltimore platform and I be Presidents inaugural up to the time when there was a plain, patent^ mercenary motive for them to alter their professions to suit the occasion. NYhen a proposition was made in the New \ ork legislature that they should endorse the plat form and iitangnral, they refused to do it. All of them, but four, left the hall, aud three of the four, voted against the proposition. They kept up their separate organization, and made every effort to obtain a majority in the late Syracuse convention; being willing to abide by the action of tho convention, if they could dictate that action. John Van Huron was willing to unite the two convention* at Rome iu 1849, when lie fytuid that there was a soft minority iu tLe convention of the national democracy that wps willing to unite with his solid pha lanx, and entitle him to rule. But when the freesoil leaders arrived at Sy racuse in September, they found that they could not control the convention by fair means, and they determined to resort to foul. They sent to New York for a band of lighting men, to break up the convention and enable them to make their own nominations. The scheme was carried out through the agency of bullies and blackguards; und then to cover up the enormi ty of their conduct, and to mislead the public, so that they might gather spoils and enjoy pat rouage, they adopted a series of resolutions which were in direct contradiction to their often repeated and most solemn declarations for the last eight years. The facts and circumstances we have detailed must prove, to every candid mind, that no faith can be |4aced in the Syra cuse professions of the freesoilers; that they only add additional infamy to a long course of infamy. Yet there are those who would drive true and tried democrats from the party, be cause they place no faith in such suspicious promises- coming from factious traitors. But the space at our disposal will not permit us to pursue this subject further at the present time. THE NADXBSS OF FREE801l<IgM? JOHN VAN BI RKX. We appeal to the nation! Is it not too bad, that u man, who, since the time he first appear- i ed on the arena of politics, has, by every person, I of almost every complexion of opinion, been known to be a destructive?a , radical, a revo* Intionary and most dangerous character, should now, by respectable papers that profess to be of the national democratic, stripe, be assigned a prominent position among the great men and the patriots of the nation. A freesoiler, an ab olitionist, a disorganizes his name is now sought to be linked with that of General Cass, with that of President Pierce, with the great democracy of the nation. Making a jest of every thing human aud di vine?unable to open his mouth without show ing scorn of things sacred, and love of things profane?the libeller of patriots, the patron of bullies, the master spirit of abolitionism, the constant foe of his country, her peace and prosjierity, with an oath recorded against the south and her constitutional rights?he is formal ly welcomed into the great democratic family of the nation. Has madness, has folly, has infat uation reached this point? Is this nation to be thus outraged ? In the face of day?with the eyes of the na" tion fixed upon them, and at this crisis in pub lic affairs is it possible that any press in this country, professing to be true to the national creed professing to be true to the different sections of this country, can seriously welcome into the honest democratic family such a radi cal, such a destructive, snch a disorganiser, as Mr. John \ an Buren. ith Mr. John Van Buren, personally, we are not dealing. lie may hold what sentiments he pleases?lie may express them when and where it is most agreeable to him, without mo lestation from us. We have not the slightest feeling of personal unkindness towards him. But when Mr. John Van Buren comes before us as a politician, and when he is gravely, cor dially, triumphantly welcomed by leading or gans and politicians, into the true democratic ranks? when he is appealed to as authority; when he is most reverentially erected intoa deity, and put beside the acknowledged household gods of democracy, we feel that it is our duty to speak out. In nis c.c.ve, John Van Buren laughs at the follies now enacted before high heaven. He hn?hs at the men who are .weak enough to think that they can fool him, or simple enough to be fooled by him. If they are playing a game against John Van Buren, they will be lost. No, no. The game has been played, and they are literally sold to the Dutch. They have been beguiled, they have been entrapped, and they now want to carry the national de mocracy with them. Will the good and the true men of the north follow ? Will the south, with all its rights of property at stake, suffer herself to be blindfolded, hoodwinked, and led like a lamb to the daughter? lorbid it heaven ! We love our country too I much. We value too highly its peace and pros j penty. \\ e are too deeply interested in the south, to stand idly by, silently by, criminally , by, and see the very master-spirit of abolition ism extolled?magnified, almost worshipped. Those who profess to I* the peculiar guard ians of the democracy; those who assume the high office of preserving its creeds and its sa cred records, shall not prostrate it nt the foot stool of rank freesoiliam without a protest from j us. Wp ask, and we ask with earnestness, WILL SUCH CONDUCT BE APPROVED BY THE NATION? i, ?I Sfcsj" ii t have occasionally seen in some of the presses of the country intimations?and in ; one or ttvo instances distinct assertions?that the Sentinel is an ami-democratic and anti-ad ministration pnjier. Such charges scarcely merit attention ; but once for all, we pronounce them utterly false. They originate in either malice or ignorance. No man with an honest heart and an intelligent mind can read the Sentinel without doing ?? the jnstjce f0 My that we have dealt as heaw and as hearty blows for democratic principles, as any press in the county. We have not in one single in stance failed iu allegiance to the great cause of democracy. There is no one principle pro mulged in the ancient creed of the partv, re asserted in the Baltimore platform and an nounced in the noble inaugural address of President Pierce, that does not command our entire and unqualified approbation and concur I rence. But, because asaii unbougbt7honesL,indepen dent paper we have disapproved of the course pursued towards Dickinson, Bionson, and that patriotic pa<*ty in New York, with which they are identified, some ui?n who cannot under stand the high duties that attach to the con ductor ot a press?-who are slaves in their na tures, and would have others degraded to a level with themselves?some few such people have thought fit to prefer against us the charge to which we allude. \\ e dewpitic the putty malevolence of tht*e petty scribblers. We do not boast?hut we apeak the truth when we say, that there is more true democracy, and more honest democracy in one issue of tho Sentinel, than is contained in all tho files of all these libellous sheets put together. 1 he greatest danger that this countrv has to dread is the corruption and demoralization of the press. A\ hen it quits the honest paths of manly independence?when it becomes filled with ignorant and servile party hacks, who have no thought, and speak no word, without permis sion from those iu place and power, thou indeed will it be a curse to the country. It is only useful when it is truthful, and it is only truth ful when distinguished by proper independence. W. M. BVBWBLL, K?q. From the Fredericksbnrg Herald we clip the following: M' Burwe11/. esfW editor of the W ashington Republic, is now editing the Balti more American. Mr. B. wields an able pen." For some time past we have been apprized of Mr. Burwell's connexion with the American, but as we had never seen it formally an nounced, we had not felt ut liberty to mention it. But now that it has foum^its way into the public prints, we are relieved from the scruples that restrained us. Few men in this country can claim prece dence over Mr. Burwell in scholarship and ac complishments. He is not only a scholar, but he is a learned politician. Nor is he less dis tinguished for his literary acquirements, nis ample resources are always at command. He writes with as much facility us force, aud us much vivacity as facility. He is as good a speaker as writer, and, whilst addressing the \ irginia legislature, of which he was for some years a distinguished member, we have fre quently known his fellow members to crowd around him that they might avoid losing one word. But Mr. Burwell is more than all these. As Mr. Consul Sanders said of Judge Bronson, Mr. Bnrwell is a veritable " brick."" His social qualities, his generous feelings, and his spark ling wit have gained him scores of friends and I admirers. His politics are different from ours, but he is a gentleman with whom one cau agree to disagree. HAVK WK NATIONAL MV8IC 1 V\ e were at the brilliant concourse assembled on Monday evening at Carusi's Saloon to listen to the grand concert of our esteemed friend Ole Bull. Strakosch opened with nn inimitable execution on the piano forte. Sweet little Sig norina Adelina Patti sung a "brilliant cavatina" fioni the opera of Ernani, a piece from La Somnambula, the beautiful ballad of "Home, sweet home," and Jenny Lind's far-famed " Lcho song.' Ole Ball, with his pristine vigor and delicate sensibility, performed his compli cated Iblacca Guaniena, his Fantasia Appa sionata, his Fantasia Religioga, and his Carnival di 1 eniee. It would be superfluous for us to say that each performer was more than equal to the part each assumed. We think Strakosch would bear the palm as a pianist from the much famed Leopold de Meyer; that Ole Bull is fully the equal of the late Paganini; and that the dear little child Patti is the best singer of her age in the world. So much for so much. But what we wanted to ask is this, to us a j very interesting question?have we a national music I At the conclusion of Monday even ing's performance, we inquired of a very intel ligent Virginia gentleman how he was pleased. "Very much," said he, "but I wish there had been more of the " Home, sweet home" in the programme, and less of the hy-fa-lu-tin, for that part of it I cannot feel.'' We will confess, though we lay ourselves obnoxious to the charge of possessing an unrefined taste, that we regarded the critique of our Virginia friend as one full of good old-fashioned common sense. Quite all the "musical rockets" of Strakosch were lost upon our ear, save when, in his " Scherzo Cappriecio," came thundering upon that organ the notes of " Yankee Doodle" nnd "Old Folks at Home." The ears of the audience caught with our own these notes, and for a mo ment spontaneously beat time to their music. Accuse us of a want of refinement, if you will, we say this indicates that what our Virginian calls " hy-fa-ln-tin music is not the music for an American audience. Yet we nrust admit that there is among many polite and intelligent men and women an affectation of interest and admiration when they hear music we do not understand, and rendered, too, in a language equally incomprehensible. They seem to be transported with everything not national, so it be of foreign growth, though it be Italian, Span ish, French, or High Dutch. Such folks may have, however, more intelligence and a more keenly appreciative sense of the exquisite than we have. We are not disposed to confess to the bad taste of not admiring the musical composi tions of Italian and other foreign artistes. We should copy from them, but not in a servile spirit. The lulling softness and the "dying falls should be accommodated to an Amer ican audience in the utterance of such senti ment, national, and traditionary, as will touch the American heart. Music, as well as poetry aud oratory, should appeal to the general sense of mankind. The eloquence of a Kossuth, if delivered in his native tongue before an American audience, can be 110 more appreci ated, than, in our humble musical judgment, the recitative of the best Italian opera before the same audience. We want more national mu sic at our concerts?we want music that we can comprehend?not that music, or so ranch tjf it a* we have, designed merely for chromatic ears. e hare but an ordinary ear ourselves, and the great mass of our people have ordinary ears, and we profess to be able to judge whether a sound properly expresses a passion, and whether it (s pleasing and melodious to out- senses. If this were not Ole Bull's last concert we would ask him to consider our sug gestions in the same kind feeling we make them. We are Nation*! Democrats and prefer National music. Vermont Liquor Law.?fiov. Kobinwn. of ermont, ha* delivered his first niensafre to ihe ieginlatnre. It t? brief, and routined to State al whl<h reviewed, and the Mopio of the Mate art.- eon?rainlaled that they are free from (be emborraameoaCa of a public d?bt. but are recom "T?f Ihe ?afJ 'tMET 01 * "?r ,?L 1; JL . . governor ia opposed to the iww liquor law. tl,e paawgp of wlnel. ha* rrvoJu tionized Ihe Htate "KALSK AS DICKR'S OATIIN." W e have read a speech recently made by Johu \ an Bnreu in New )f?rk rife m one, we presume, which the Pennrph* aignates as a a running sore of scaadal," during the delivery of which that ronveniift politician proposed ''three cheers for Gen. Cuas?*' We cannot but believe, from our impression of Mr. \ an Buren's easy political virtue, tiiat the suc cessful embarrassment of a measure involving a great principle?for instance, the annexation of Texas, the election of a democratic Presi dent like Geu. Cass, the passage of laws de signed to keep this Union intact?would be by him regarded "a good joke." It strikes us, also, that this proposition of his, to cheer Gen. Cass, was au act either of grossly immoral shanielessness or a severe irony, intended to cast insult upon Gen. Cass and his friends. W hen we finished the reading of this speech of scandal and loose sentiment, we conld not re sist the exclamation of a line firom Horace, which we render in plaiq English: Go 4fti a */ ran get to brlitre thy ties !" Cpon this point we publish the following ad mirable anecdote, illustrative of the position now occupied by Mr. John Van Buren, from a valued correspondent in Fauquier county, Vir ginia. _ Fauquier Coc.vty, Va., Nov. 7, 1863. ?to the Editors of the Sentinel: Feeling an earnest sympathy with the hards, iu the contest now waging in the State of New xork, 1 have not bees an inattentive observer . of passing events. _ The course ol John Van Buren has presented vividly to my mind an aneodote, the facts of which occurred in u Virginia couuty court, not many years since. There was, in that old State, amongst many other distinguished men, one yclept, '* Crao Jlvrton," known, in many of the tide-water and Piedmont counties, as an ac complished " siceat player that beingthegame by which "Crab" lived aud supported his fatni v* Crab hud exhibited hid gamo iu the town of Fredericksburg. The grand jury indicted him for a violation of the statute against un lawful gaming. That statute prohibited games I by name, such asfuro, E. 0., U. S.A., and all | other games decidedly favorable to the exhibitor. [ upon the trial, the question was raised, whe ther, or .not, Crabs game of sweat was within the general prohibition, the game not being named in the statute; and, if prohibited, in cluded in the general description of games de cidedly favorable to the exhibitor. Learned counsel for the State and the accused entered into a trial by fitjures, and calculated to ascer tain the fact. One calculation showed the game to lie favorable to the better, another to the ex hibitor, and another proved it to Iks perfectly fair. In this state of doubt and uncertainty in relation to a matter of crime, the court, leuning to the side of mercy, decided that if "Crab* would put himself'upon a platform, that is to say, if he would pledge his tcord of honor that he would not exhibit ''sweat" in Fredericks biirg again, the indictment should be dismissed. Crab's counsel communicated the terms to him, which he readily accepted, and came into court to put himself upon the platform and give the required pledge. He delivered himself as fol lows : "Gentlemen gf the court: I pledge my word of honor, as a gentleman, that I will never again exhibit my yame in Fredericksburg, by God;" and struck with the ridiculousness of the whole scene, he could not hold in until he cleared the court-house door, but involuntarily broke out into into the most sonorous haw!! haw!! hawll haw!! ha?w!! And in less than one hour Crab was exhibiting the biggest game of sweat ever played in Fredericksburg. I he application I leave you to make. My own conclusion is, that I will never trust a "sweat player's word that he will never exhibit his game again. If he can make any thing by it, lie is sure to forfeit his pledge of honor; the security is worthless. Very truly, your friend. Aboutioxists Fooled.?We recently heard of an instance in which one of these northern philanthropists was most successfully "done for.'*' A gentleman, whose name we withhold, was coming from Kentucky, and had with him some valuable stock, in charge of a faithful and trust worthy slave. The night being foggy, the boat landed at, a small town on the Indiana side, for the night, where the faithful servant was soon beset by a horde of negro sympathisers, all urg ing him to make his escape from bondage, and detailing in the most glowing terms the bcautv and fascination of freedom. The negro listened and appeared to hesitate, when one of them suggested to him to take one of his master's horses on shore, under the pretence of exer cising him, and then mount him and make tracks. The slave seemed unwilling for this proposition, when another suggested to him that he could furnish him with a horse that would boar him in a short time far beyond pur suit, This proposition was accepted, and the negro told them he would go up in the cabin, get his clothes and join them. In the mean time, he told them to wait below. So far every thing was arranged. The negro accordingly went up in the cabin, and awoke his master, who was lying asleep in his berth, and ac quainted him with the %tails of the proposed kidnapping. The master asked him if he was disposed to leave him, and received such & de cided negative, that he determined to lay a trap for the thieves. Accordingly, a consultation was held between the master and slave, when it was agreed upon between them that the latter, whose name was Ben, should go along with the kidnappers, take the horse they proposed to convey him from bondage with, and instead of going to the point where they directed him, to meet him at the little town of , some twenty or thirty miles below. Ben started and joined his friends, and the whole party wete soon en route for the place where the horse that was to carry him away was stabled. A saddle was soon put on, and after giving him directions where to stop, told htm to " put." Ben was'ut slow in obeying, and after getting fairly away, took a straight road in the direc tion of the point where his master had told him to meet him, and where he arrived a short time after daylight. The boat came along a short time afterwards, and Ben and the horse were taken on board. The abolitionists are probably wondering to this dav, what became of their dark protege and the fine horse. Should this notice meet their eye, we can inform them that both passed t|\rh cit>* a ^*7" since, bound for the Missouri river, the master rejoicing not only in the possession of his "slave, but also a fine horse,?-Sf, Tabu's Jtepitb. Isthmus of Darien.?It in stated that a com mission of American and British officers haa been detailed to make a survey of the Isthmus of Dari preparatory to the construction of a ship canal, Uieiit. Ntranjje, ofthe navy, command* the I'nited States wing ofthe party. The Pennsylvania Historical Society will ^v'j. 'he 17l*t anniversary of the landing of "ham | j,y an address and dinner, at Read ? og. on Tuesday. 'Hie address will be delivered in the Odd Fellows' Hall, l?y the How. Charles uij i , f"0"' of Philadelphia, A number of nifadelphianH of taite wdl he present, and seve rs! literary characters of high standing, including Mr. ItHiicrof). | The Km^rot of Russia arrived at St Pe tersburg <m i|,e from Berlin. The prepara tions k>r war w?re more ?<-tive than ever. p Stated that the Sultan had asked the rw ? ,Wo L-enernW, to be attached to the i urkish armv ARCTIC RK8E ABCHBSi jt'uSlU I'EIt.] tTbeLlfWng u, an abstract >of the proceed? ingH of harBrituiiftic Majeigy's discovery ship Investigator, since partilfjf company with the Herald.npon the Slut of .JAlj, 1850, off Cap* LLsboujrnc: v f: At S.feo A. M., August 2, in lat. 79 1 N., long. IOC 12 W., made the ice, which did not appear heavy, hut upon entering it a short distance was undeceived, and rau out. t Aug. 5.?In running along ihe pack edge, en deavoring to tind an opening, exchanged number* with the Plover, and at II A. M., made-a low shingle beach to the eastward of Wainright's Inlet, and at midnight rounded Point Barrow in seventy three fathoms, but, from the Ibgjy state of the weather, did not see it. Aug. t*.?1^5 A. JVL, betug all' Point Urew, sent Mr. Court, second master, and Mr. Miertsching. interpreter, to deposit a notice of having passed, who met some Esquimaux that had arrived three days previous. These trade with the Russians, and were very friendly; therefore sent a letter with the chaace of its reaching the Admiralty. We also heard from them that last year three" boats had pasted to the eastward with white men and Indians, which was most probably Lieutenant Pullen. In the evening erected a cairn, and buried | another notice at Poiut Pitt. Aug. 9,?Passed the Colville, about 40 miles from the entrance, in three fathoms and a hall'. Aug. 11.?Deposited a notice upon Jones's Island, which was thickly strewed with drift wood In the forenoon two baidars. containing twenty fonr natives, came alonkide. The chief possessed a gun, with " Barnet, ls-10" on the lock, obtained from the Russians. Bartered tobacco for salmon and ducks. In the afternoon communicated with another party, who were exceedingly intelligent and clean. Sent dispatches for the Admiralty via Colville, and from what the interpreter states, be lieve that they will arrive. Aug. 12.?several baida* came alongside. Re ceived fish and duckf for presents of beads and tobacco. These arc adroit pilferers. Aug. 11.?Run upon a shoal eight miles north of Yarborough inlet, having, during the last two days, narrowly escaped several of these danger ous banks, which are very little above the water, and hidden from view by the ice. Hove off with ilia stream anchor, but unfortunately upset n whaleboat and lost eleven casks of beef, having to carry sail to prevent being set again on shore. Aug. 15.?Found it impossible to get two miles ia any direction, the ice having closed from the northward, resting upon the shoals in that direc tion, and to the southward ; the low banks which we grounded upoa yesterday. Auchored to await some favorable change. Aug. 10.?lee to the northward of the shoals, slightly eased, leaving about 150 yards of open water. Weighed and warped through two cables' length of ice to get into it, which occupied six hours of hard labor, so heavy was the pack. Aug. 17.?At noon the weather, which had been foggy, cleared with a breeze froin northeast; made sail.tlurough heavy sailing ice, occasionally strik ing violently; navigation along this coast very dangerous, the sandbanks being low and numer ous. Lat. 70 30 north, long. 148 4 west. Aug. 21.?Made the Peily Islands off the Mac kenzie; since the 17th have encountered very heavy ice; ran ninety miles into a bight, which brought us to the solid pack; fortunately, we were enabled to run out of it before it closed. Aug. 24.?Observing some huts a little to the westward of Point Warren, sent dispatches for the admiralty, with the hopes of their being for warded by the Hudson Bay Company; this tribe, however, have no trartic with them, but barter with others further west that trade with the Col ville, giving as their reason that the Hudson Uay Company had given the Indians water which had killed many of them, and they did not wish to have any; they appear savage and warlike, and aj*e at enmity with their neighbors. Brought the dis patches back. Aug. 30.?Observing a post erected on the beach near Point Maitland, in Liverpool Bay, sent to ex amine it and deposit a notice of onr passing. I ound it was an Esquimaux mark, and that they had apparently recently quitted it, there being several ratlirs containing birds and fish. In the afternoon, while approaching Cape Batb urst, observed Esquimaux on the shore. Upon communicating with them found that they be longed to a tribe now at Cape Bat hurst, who were catching whales, and the same who had seen Sir J. Richardson last year. In the evening, being thick, and getting into 3J fathoms, anchored be tween Baillie's Islands and the mainland. Aug. 31.?Proceeded to Cape Bathurst. Tribe consisted of three hundred, very friendly, would go south in three waeks; gave them dispatches for the admirality, a gun and airtmunition to the chief, and many presents among them ; and, judg ing from their intelligence and cleanly appearance, have great expectation of their reaching. Srpt. 1.?Off Cape Bathurst, many natives came on board, and being nearly calm, remained until the evening; when a breeze springing up, we took our final leave of the Esquimaux upon the Ame rican coast, fully convinced that neither the ships nor any of the crews of Sir John Franklin's expe dition have ever reached their shores; they ap pear a quiet, inoffensive people, (with the excep tion of those at Point Warren, whom the Cape Bathurst tribe have no dealings with,) and would assist any white people thrown among them. The whole of this coast is shallow, but with the lead maybe safely navigated, the soundings being very regular. The shoals terminate about thirty miles to the eastward of Yarborough inlet, and water, varying in breadth from one mile to ibrty, may be calculated upon along shore between the beginning'of August and 10th of September, ac cording to the winds more or less ice encumbered, but the natives state that every year the ine opens from the shore. We found the prevailing winds from east southeast to northeast. Srpt. C.?At 11 30 A. M., being to the northward of Cape Perry, remarked high land from N. by E. N. E. Srjit. 7.?At 7 30 A. M. landed and took posses sion of the discovery, and named it Baring Island. The land is bold upon the southern side, being up wards of 1,000 feet in height, its northern being Bank's Land; erected a signal-pole with black ball, and left a notice in latitude 71 8 N., long. 122 48 W. Srpt. 9.?Observed land N. N. E. Named it Prince Albert's Land, which is continuous with Wollastoti and Victoria Land, and extend north to lat. 73 21 N.. long 112-18 W. Srpt. 11.?Ship beset, lat. 72 52, long. 117 3 W., but ice in motion. Ort. 8.?Since the 11th of last month have been drifting in the pack?narrowly escaped destruction several times?until, with a heavy nip nt 3 A. M. this day, which listed the ship 31 degress, we were firmly fixed for the space of nine months, in lat. 7'I 47, long. 117 34. Ort. 10.?To6k possession of Prince Albert's Land, distant four miles. Ort. 18.?And to-day of the Princess Royal Isles, lying in the center of the Prince of Wales Strait, cfistant four miles from the ship. There is erected a large cairn, pole and ball upon its summit, in lat. 72 40 N., long. 117 44 10 W., and have deposited three months provisions for sixty-six men, besides leaving a boat and some amunition. Oct. 21?The captain, Mr. Court, and party start ed to trace this strait towards the northeast. Ort. 20.?Discovered the entrance into Barrow's Strait, in lat. 73 30 N., long. 114 14 W., which es tablishes the existence of a northwest passage. Ort. 30.?Five musk oxen shot upon Prince Al bert's Land, which terminated our opeititfons for 1850. April 18, 1851.?This day dispatched three trav elling parties to search the coast line, under Lieut. Haswell, to the southeast, towards Wollaston Land, Lient. Cresswell in the direction of Banks' Land, and Mr. Wynniatt, mate,*6'the northeast, respectively reached the position aw noted below, and tracked the coast, as per acoatapanying chart. June 2.?Captain and Mr. Miertschtog, (the in terpreter.) communicated with the Esquimaux upon Prince AlWrt's Land, about 60 miles south of our position, who had previously been met by Lieut. Hasswell; they traced the coast line as marked in the chart, and state that there are many of their tribes inhabiting the land towards the south, bnt that they know of none to the nortli wnrd; they are a kind, simple people and have never before seen the white man, at whom they were evidently alarmed. July 14.?The ice opened without any presure, and the vessel was again fairly afloat, but so sur rounded with it that we only drifted with the pack, having been able to use our sails but twice, and then only for a few hours, up to August 14. when we attained our furthest northern position in Prince of Wales Strait, lat. 73 14 IP; long. 115 32 30 W. Aug. 10.?Finding^ our passage into Barrow's Strait obstructed by northeast winds setting large masses of ice to the southward, which had drifted the ship 15 miles in that direction during the last 12 hours, bore up to run to the southward of Baring Nland. Aug. 20.?Lat. 74 27 N., long. 122 32 15 W. Have had clear water to reach thus tar, running within a mile erf' the coast the whole distance, when our progress was impeded by the ice resting on the shore. Secured to a large grounded floe piece in twelve fcthoms. It appear*, to have but recently been detached from the coast. Aug 29.?Ship in great dangerof being crushed or driven on shore by the ice coming in with a heavy pressure Irom the Polar ?e?, driving her along. within one hundred yards of the land tor half a aula, heeling bet lfl deg., and rawing her bodily o?h#bot cighT ind*s. when we again be came stationary and the ice quiet. Srjit. 10.?ice again ia noliuii. and ship driven from the laud into titt main pack, with heavy gale from the southwest. , Vrpt. 11^?i^ticecej^d if getting clear of the pack, and secured to h large grounded lloe. Lat. 74 29 N., long. 1*2 ->0 W. Sryt. t9.?Clear water alung shore to the east ward; cast off and worked in that direction with occasional obstructions, and several narrow es capes from the stupendous Polar ie?, , uptil the evening of the 23d, when we rati upon a mud bank, having six feel water under the how, and five jHthouis n>tern ; hove oil'without sustainiug any damage. Sept- 24?-At daylight, observing Barrow's Strait fall of ice, andftrge masses setting into this bay, determined upon making this our winter quarters, and, tinding a well sheltered spot upon the south bide of the shoal upon which we last night ground ed, ran in and anchored in tour futhoinN, Int. 74 6 N., long. 117 MAV. This night were fro2en in, and have not since moved. The position ia most excellent, being well protected from the heavy ice by the projection of the reef, which throws it clear of the ship (100 yards. The currents along the coasts of the Polar sea appear to be influenced in their direction more or less by the winds; but certainly upon the west side of Baring Island there is a permanent set to the eastward. At one time we found it as much as two knots during a perfect calm J add that the flood tide sets from the westward we have ascer tained beyond a doubt, as the opportunities afford ed during our detention along the western shore of this island gave ample proof. The prevailing wands along the American shore, and in the Prince of Wales Strait, we found to be NE., but upon this coast SSW. to NW, A ship stands no chance of getting to the west ward by entering the Polar sea, the water along shore being very narrow and wind contrary, ana the pack impenetrable; but through Prince of Wales strait, and by keeping along the American coast, I conceive it practicable. Drift wood is in great abundance upon the east coast of the Prince of Wales strait and on the America^ shore, alsq, much game. In this vicinity the hills abound in rein-deer and hares, which remain the entire winter; we have been very fortunate in procuring upwards of 4,000 pounds. The health of the crew has been, and still con tinues, excellent, without any diminution of num bers, nor have we felt the slightest trace of | scurvy. It is my intention, if possible, to return to Eng land this season, touching at Melville island and Port Leopold, but should we not again be heard of, in all probability we shall have been carried in to the polar paok, or to the westward of Melville island ; in either of which cases any attempt to send succor would only be to increase the evil, as any ship that enters the polar pack must be in evitably crushed; therefore, a depot of provisions, or a ship at Winter harbor, is the best and only certainty for the safety of the surviving crews. No trace Whatever has been met with, or any information obtained from the natives, which could by uny possibility lead to the supposition that Sir John Franklin's expedition, or any of his crews have ever reached the shores we have vis ited or searched, nor have we beeu more fortunate with respect to the Enterprise, not having seen her since parting company at the Straits of Magel lan on the 20th of April, 1850. This notice was deposited by a travelling party in 1852, consisting of Captain iVIcClure, Mr. Court, second master; John Caldcr, captain of the fore castle ; Sergeant Woom, Royal Marines . George Gibbs, A. B.; George Bounsall, A. B.; John Da vis, A. B.; nnd Peter Thompson, captain of the foretop. Whoever finds this, it is requested that it may be forwarded to the Secretary of the Admiralty. Dated on board her Britannic Majesty's discov ery ship Investigator, froxen in in the Bay ot Mer cy, lat. 74 6 N., long. 117 5-1 W., April. 12, 1862. ROBERT McCLURE, Commander. Unless there is a vessel now at Melville island, it is not my intention to revisit it, but make the liest oi'my way down the Straits. R. McCLURJt. The first meeting of Lieutenant Bedford Pim with the party from the Investigator is thus de scribed in a private letter from Captain Kellett, C. B., dated ner Majesty's ship Resolute, Mel ville island, April 19tlt, 1853. This is really a red letter day in our voyage, and shall be kept us a holiday by our heirs and suc cessors forever. At nine o'clock this day our look out man made the signal for a party coming in from the westward ; all went to meet them and assist them in. A second party was then seen. Dr. Donville was the first person I mot. I cannot describe my feelings when he told me that Capt. McClure wrfs among the next party. I was not long in reaching him, and giving him many hearty shakes?no purer were ever given by two men in this world. McClure looks well, but is very hun gry. His description of Pim's making the harbor of Merc) would lmve been a fine subject for the pen of Captain Marryatt, were he alive. McClure and his first lieutenant were walking on the floe. Seeing a person coming very fast to wards them, they supposed ho was chased by a bear, or had seen a bear. Walked towards him ; on getting onwards a hundred yards, they could sec fromliis proportions that lie was not one ot | thein. Piin began to screech ahd throw up his hands, (his face was as black as my hat;) this bronght the captain and lieutenant to a stand, as they could not haar sufficiently to make out his 1 angtinge. At length Pim reached the party, quite beside himself, and stammered out, on McClure's asking him, "Who are you, and where do you come from?" " Lieutenant Pim. Herald, Capt. Kellett." This was the more inexplicable to McClurej as I was the last person he snook hands with in Beh* ring's Straits. -He at length found that this soli tary stranger was a true Englishman?an angel of light. He says?" He soOn was seen from the ship, they had only one hatchway open, and the crew were fairly jammed there in their endeavor to get up. The sick jumped out of their ham mocks, and the crew forgot their despondency ; in fact, all was changed on board the Investigator." McClure had thirty men and three officers fnlly prepared to leave for the depot at Point Spencer. What a disappointment it would have been to go there and find the miserable yacht Mary with four or five casks of provisions, instead of a fine large depot. Another party of seven men were to have .gone by Mackenzie, with a request to the Admiralty to send out a ship to meet at Point Leopold, in 1854. The thirty men are on their way over to me now. I shall, if possible, send them on to Beechy Island, w?th about ten men of my own crew, to be taken home the first opportunity. May 2. ?Investigator's second party, consisting of Lieutenants Cresswell and Wynniatt, Mr. Piers, and Mr. Miertsching arrived, bringing two men on their sledge. They made an extraordi nary passage across for men in their state. The greater part of them are affected with scurvy, bnt are rapidly improving. The Sandwle li I si an da.?The Daniel Web ster also brings some very important information from the Sandwich Islands, the details of which will be looked for with anxiety. It is said that another and decided step has been taken towards the annexation of the islands to the United States, and that, in consequence, protests had been en tered by the representatives of Great Britain and France. What avail these protests are likely to have Is indicated in the significant fact that King Kati^ehama's Minister of Finance has been moved, and the late United States consul installed in his place. Canal at the Falls of Ohio*?The subscrip tions to the stock of the private company incorpo rated by the legislature of Indiana, to cut a canal round the falls, in that State, nmount to near 9300,000, and will no doubt soon reach that sum. The subscribers are among our responsible busi ness men. This is n very important work, and should be built by the United States and made free. If it be made by individual means there is a fortune in the charter, if the Looisville canal is kept subject to toll.?Civ. Alhu. statue of Daniel Webater.?A letter from Florence, in the Newark Adivrtiarr, saya the friends of Mr. Webster will be gratified to know that Mr. Powers has received an order from Bos ton for a bronze statue of the great statesman, to l>c placed in front of the Massachusetts Stale HoiMCrB A Big <.nii??One of the 700 Turkish cannon which guard the Dardanelles is charged with 230 pounds of powder, and throws a atone shot of one thousand potinds weight. CM course such im mense guns are more formidable in appearance than reality, and the firing is not unattended with danger to their own artiHeryaM*g|MM|M^ta^J The fcxecntlve Mansion?The repairs of the While House,authorised by the last Congress, are now nearly completed, and that in the course of this month the building will be thoroaighly reao vated. as far. at least, as the appropriation will allow. foral w?b ^trsonal. Water for Wuhluftou and Georgetown. The Mayor of Washington and all the ether ofli cers of the corporation, together with the mem ber* of the city council*, left the City Hall, in om nibuses yesterday morning, at half-past eight o'clock, for Georgetown, where they united with the corporation officers and city councils of that city, for the purpose of proceeding to the Great Falls of the Potomac, to participate in the cere mony of breaking the ground, as a preliminary to the construction of the projected worlu for sup plying the two cities with an ample supply of wholesome water?au indispensable article, of which we aje at litis time, unfortunately, deficient. The party, we are informed, were joined by the President of the United States and his private sec retary, and the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War, and other invited guests. The arrangement was to embark on board a ca nal packet, for the scene of the interesting cere monies, at the Great Falls. We are unable to state the character of the in auguration proceedings, the excursionists having delayed their return to the city until a lmte hour last night. The corporation offices of Washington were closed during the entire of yesterday, and, 'as a consequence, no public business was transacted; the occasion being regarded as an important jubi lant era in our municipal history. We cannot doubt that the works so vigorously begun will be prosecuted with zeal to their com pletion, at the earliest practicable day. The citi zens ,of Washington and Georgetown will, of course, watch every movement in this enterprise with increasing interest. Numerous shanties have been erected at the Great Falls, Car tba uccominodatiou of the work meu, and other arrangements made with a vi#w to immediate building operations. Complaints about the "tightness of the money market" are numerous throughoot this city. The banks are not discounting, as formerly, and there fore " accommodations" are unattainable. Money in the hands of private speculators is a powerful "shaving" apparatus, and the operations return heavy profits to the lenders. The prices of pro duce, necessary for household purposes, are going up, instead of coming down, uud there is no tel. ling when the extreme height will be reached. The timid ones anticipate business explosions, fearful that money gripings in the larger commer cial cities will extend hitherwords, to a greater extent than now, and fatally affect some of the Washington merchants and speculators. As to the latter class, uot a few who have, during the last two years, risked credit ami cash, may soon find their calculations considerably below their hopes. Dut'we trust that if business earthquakes shall prevail elsewhere to a considerable degree, our trading people may, though a little alarmed, not be overwhelmed by the shock. It is at alt times the part of wisdom, both on the part of sel ler and buyer, to be prudent?to "set their bouse* in order"?so us not to be crushed on the arrival of any crises which may be now pending. Metropolitan Church.?It is known to many of otir readers that sundry members of the Metho dist Episcopal Church in this city are now making an effort to erect a " metropolitan church" on the .corner of Four-and-a-half and C streets, the lot having already been procured for that purpose. The traveling agent to solicit subscription* in aid of the enterprise is the Rev. Henry Slicer, an eit ergetic, untiring minister of that denomination ot Christians. Since his appointment, in March last, by the Baltimore Annual Conference, he has vis ited twenty-four different anAual State confer ences, and secured, in all, subscriptions and cash to the amount of $20,000. This gentleman returned to the District of Columbia on Thursday last from his last trip, north and wast, and reports that, dur ing his reccnt tour, occupying seventy-nine days, he has traveled nearly five thousand miles, visit ing twelve annual conferences, making fifty-five speeches, and obtaining about $11,000 in cash and subscriptions. It is estimated that $50,000 will be required lor the erection of the church building; the seats to be free to all people. Wlllard's Hotel.?This establishment, situated on the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and Four teenth street, has lately been very considerably enlarged aud improved,- and, although the ex terior is not quite finished, the capacious buildings present n beautiful and attractive appearance.? Mr. Willard has spared no expense to render his house, in all respects, worthy of the public sup port. The inner?the more important?will com bine comfort with elegance, and, added to tbe well known tact and experience of the worthy proprie tor, cannot fail to retain the well-established repu tation of a first class hotel. It will be opened for the reception of guests during the present mouth. Health*?We have not seen a report of deaths for the last two months, the board of health hot having within that period, so far as we have been able to see, published the list of interments. Yes terday morning we started out in pursuit of the information, but were unsuccessful in obtaining it.' However, iu the absence of official data, speaking from what we have learned in various quarters, we with pleasure assert that the city has never before now enjoyed a higher degree of health. Every year there is an improvement in this respect, owing to the constant erection of houses, which is always succeeded by the grading and other improvements ot' streets, and the drain ing of low grounds. The Alarm of Fire, late on Monday night, was occasioned by tbeiburniag ofthe stone tobacco warehouse in Alexandria, Virginia, owned by the corporation of that city. There was a ringing of bells by tbe Washington firemen; the "ma chines" wen bauied out, and much swiftness of foot displayed, fo*.A time, by those who manned the ropes; but, although tbe light was plainly seen on this side ofthe Potomac river, the distance was too great to prove attractive whep the lo cality of the conflagration was known. Ole Bull.?This distinguished violiaist, who almost, if not quite, fills the void produced by the death of Paganiai, is to give his last concert this evening. He will be assisted, as on Monday night, by Adalina Patti aud Sttafcosch. As this is probably the last opportunity the citizens ot Washington will have of hearing the thrilling tones of his vkulia, Carnai's saloon will, no doubt, be filled to overflowing. If you prefer a comfortable seat, go early to the %nn*ic store of Mr. R. Davis and get your ticfeets. Temperance*?The Rev John Chambers and Dr. Hunt, of Pennsylvania, and the Rev. Dr. Pfeok, of this city, addressed a large assemblage in Mc Kendree chapel, on Monday night, on the subject of temperance. Their sensible and respectful re marks were in strong contrast to the oral public performances of not a few ofthe minor declaimed hereabouts in the same good cause The Hon. Thoaaas H. Seymour, Minister to Russia, is now in this city, snd will, we lesrn. leave the United States for St. Petersburg towards Uw iilase at tba psssel nsnadh. m ? 1 't "? The Maryland Baptist Association Ins ad journed, to meet in the cuy ot tin III more in No vember, IS&4.