Newspaper Page Text
BV BEVERLKY TVCKER. edited BY \U. M. OVERTON AND CH. MAURICE SMITH. CITV OF WASHINGTON. McEMBERTC 1853. ??&- .Mr. <jt>>RiiE E. French, Bookseller, King street, Alexandria, is our authorized agent to re ceive adveitisemeuts and subscription*. Single numbers can be procured at bis counter every morning. ysB- Mr. E. K. Lundy, bookseller. Bridge street, Georgetown, w ill act as agent for the Sentinel iu receiving subscriptions and advertisements. JSSf-George W. Me arson is our authorized ngeut to receive subscriptions and advertisement!*, in Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria. CONGRESS YESTERDAY. In the Senate various bills were introduced, and several resolutions adopted. Mr. Dodge, of Wisconsin, submitted a reso lution with a view to the election of a public printer; but objection being made, it lies over. The Senate elected Rev. Henry Slicer its chaplain. The House of Representatives elected Gen eral Armstrong its printer, and Rev. Wm. H. Millburn its chaplain. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE?THE IN TERNAL. IMPROVEMENT QUESTION. We are gratified in saying that the views which, as an independent press, we have- pre sented upon the great question of constitutional power over internal improvements, have l^pen responded to substantially by the message. We have endeavored to maintain, by the au thority of the great names which have made the epoch of 1798, to which the President alludes, memorable in the annals of the repub lican painty?by the contemporaneous history of the foundation of the Constitution?and by a proper construction of that instrument itself, that the powers reserved to the States are am ply sufficient for the internal improvement system of our whole country, without a resort to powers by the federal government, of doubt ful existence, to say the least, and, as we be lieve, condemned, as unwarranted and im proper. The President refers to the power which has been so often exercised of constructing roads in the lerritories by the grant of alternate sections of the public lands, and maintains "that grants of land to aid in the construction of roads should be restricted to cases where it would be for the interest of a proprietor, under like circumstances, thus. to contribute to the construction of these works.'' He, at the same time, .guards his approval of this principle re sulting from mere proprietary rights, by de claring that the experience of the government, by no means, affords "encouragement to a reckless or indiscriminate extension of the principle." This passage in the message is of great im portance in placing a proper restriction upon the power of the government in the disposition of the public lands; thus indicating that the constitutional limitations, on money appropria tions, are alike applicable to grants to land. The declarations of the message upon the subject of mouey appropriations, for certain lo cal improvements in the States, for harbors and like objects, are entirely consonant with views recently put forth by us upon that subject, and shadow forth' the adoption of the consti tional resort to tonnage duties, to be levied by the States, with the consent of Congress, for these important purposes. The President re curs with emphasis to the famous action of General Jackson in 1830, by which, admitting the difficulty of doing so, he sought to bring back the government u to the construction of the Constitution in 171)8, and marked it as an admonitory proof of the necessity of guarding that instrument with sleepless vigilance against the authority of precedents, which had not the sanction of its most plainly defined powers." In seconding this patriotic effort, the Presi dent plainly asserts his own determination in this language: "Our government exists under a written compact between sovereign States, uniting for specific objects, and with specific grants to their general agent. Jf, then, in the progress of its administration, there have been departures from the terms and intent of the compact, it is, and will ever be, proper to refer back to the fixed standard with our fathers left us, and to make a stern etfort to conform our actions to it. The President concludes this branch of his message by a suggestion, clearly referring to the expedient of tonnage duties by the States for local pnrposes, which a few days since we urged upon the attention of our readers. 111 submit to you," says he, " whether it may not be safely anticipated that, if the policy were ; once settled against appropriations by the gen- ; eral government for local improvements for the j benefit of commerce, localities requiring expen- i ditures would uot, by modes and men tut clearly ' legitimate and proper, raise the fund, necessary I for such constructions as the safety or other in terests of their commerce might require." With these more general views, the Presi dent approaches the important subject of the Pacific railroad. This point he maintains with more caution than we could desire, but in such a manner as clearly to show the tendency, if not fixed character, of his opinions, to Vie in ac cordance with those which this press has uni formly advanced. He nowhere, indeed, pro nounces against the Pacific road as a present enterprise, in so many words : while he seems to intimate that there are circumstances in which its construction for military purposes might be 11 incidental to, and indispensable," to the use of the means expressly given to Con gress to provide for the common defence. But still it is obvious, upon a fair construction of the whole passage, that he repudiates the idea of any administration by the federal govern ment of any such improvement and leaves to future exigencies, as they may arise, the deter mination of the question, when it would l>e con stitutional for Congress to aid by its means in its consummation. And we say, without hesi tation, that regarding a message, not as the executive exposition of abstract constitutional points, but as intended under the Constitution to be a summary of recommendations to present action, it was proper that the President should indicate in clear terms his present views, and leave to the future the determination of ques tions arising under different exigencies. We shall close our article by quoting these parts of the message, which have led us to the conclusions above expressed. They establish, we think, conclusively, these points: 1st. That at present it is best to leave the construction of railroads to the Pacific to indi vidual enterprise, with the aid which Congress can give by the grant of alternate sections c>f laud, as indicated iu a former part of his men sage?under the rights of proprietorship. 2d. That the connection of the government j with such a scheme should be incidental, not pecuniary ; and that it is of doubtful power, I and more thun doubtful propriety for it "to un i dertake to administer the affairs of a railroad, a canal, or other similar construction."' 3d. That under no circumstances, except I where it is indispensable for executing the means expressly vested for common defence, (which circumstances do not exist now,)?and then, without any connection of the government with the administration of the railroad, is it constitutional to appropriate money, or laud, except under its rights of proprietorship of the public domain. Such are the conclusions upon this subject, I which we state, without now expressing how far we may differ in some respects with them; while we express our gratification, that they evidence an earnest desire on the part of the Executive to confine them to the rigid rules of construction originated by the republican lead ers of 1798. The extracts we now insert, as sustaining the views we have taken: " The power to declare war, to raise and support armies, to provide ;,nd maintain a navy, and to call forth the militia to execute the laws, suppress insurrections, and repel in vasions, was conferred upon Congress, as means to provide for the common defence, and to pro tect a territory and a population now wide spread, and vastly multiplied. As incidental to and iudispensable for the exercise of this power, it must sometimes be necessary to con struct military roads, and protect harbors of refu ye. To appropriations by Congress for such objects, no sound objection can be raised. Happily for our country, its peaceful policy and rapialy increasiug population impose upon us no urgent necessity for preparation, ana leave but few trackless deserts between assailable points and a patriotic people ever ready and generally able to protect them. These neces people are steadily aud boldly struggling to supply. All experience affirms that, wherever private enterprise will avail, it is most wise for the general government to leave to that and individual watchfulness the location aud execu tion of all means of communication." ****** j "The heavy expense, the great delay, and, at times, fatality attending travel by either of the isthmus routes, have demonstrated the advant age which would result lroin interterritorial communication by such safe and rapid means as a railroad would supply. "These difficulties, which have been encoun tered iu a period of peace, would be magnified and still further increased in time of war. But whilst the embarrassments already encountered, and others under new contingencies to be anti cipated, may serve strikingly to exhibit the im portance of such a work, neither these, nor all considerations combined, can have an appreci able value, when weighed against the obligation strictly to adhere to the Constitution, and faith fully to execute the powers it confers. " Within this limit and to the extent of the interest of the government involved, it wonld seem both expedient and proper, if an eco nomical and practicable route shall be found, to aid by all constitutional means, in the con struction of a road which will unite, by speedy transit, the populations of the Pacific and Atlantic States. To guard against miscon ception, it should be remarked that, al the power to construct, or aid in the con struction of a road within the limits of a territory is not embarrassed by that ques tion of jurisdiction which would arise within the limits of a State, it is nevertheless held to be doubtful of power, and more than doubtful propriety, even within the limits of a territory, for the general government to undertake to ad minister the affairs of a railroad, a canal, or other similar construction, and therefore, that its connection with a work of this character should be incidental rather than primary. I will only add at present that, fully appreciat ing the magnitude of the subject, and solicitous that the Atlantic and Pacific shores of the re public may be bound together by inseparable ties of common interest as well as of common fealty and attachment to the Union, I shall be disposed, so far as my own action is concerned, to follow the lightq of the Constitution, as ex pounded and illustrated by those whose opin ions and expositions constitute the stand ard of my political faith, in regard to the powers of the federal government. It is, I trust, not necessary to say, that no grandeur of enterprise, and no present urgent inducement promising popular favor, will lead me to disre gard those lights, or to depart from that path which experience has proved to be safe, and which is now radiant with the glow of pros perity and legitimate constitutional progress. We can a fford to wait, but ice cannot afford to overlook tiie ark of our security enterprise aud energy of our MESSAGE OP GOVERNOR JOHNSON OF VIRGINIA. Tbe message of the Governor of Virginia to the legislature of that State crowds the col umns of the Richmond papers. The necessity of devoting our attention, at this time, almost exclusively to national affairs, has thus far de nied us the opportunity of reading, as carefully as we desire to do, the message of the chief magistrate of the " Old Dominion." We have only glanced over it. Our attention, however, was arrested by one paragraph, which gave us great pleasure, and which we propose to make the subject of a few comments. It is as fol lows : u Finally, I congratulate you upon the con dition of our federal and foreign relations?noth? ing having occurred sine*! your adjournment calculated to weaken the hope that the south may be permitted to enjoy a season of repose from the irritating interference by northern fa naticism with the subject of slavery. Kvery friend of this Union has cause of congratulation at the overthrow and signal rebuke the aboli tion party has received within the last two years. , The friends of constitutional and State rights, ! even in the north, have generally been triumph ; antly sustained. Onr northern brethren, among whom there have always been a few who were I true to the Constitution, have indicated a dis ( position to respect oar rights, and evinced a sense of justice which should ever characterise the relations between citizens of sister States. Madness for a while seemed to run riot, and when fanaticism had brought the republic to the verge of ruin, patriotism was aro\i?ed. reason and justice gained the ascendant, nnd the traitor and the demagogue, whether sailing nnder the name of abolition or freesoilisrn, has been put down?peace and quiet has been restored? confidence has taken the place of distrust, and with rapid strides we are marching to fulfil that destiny which ha? assigned to us the position of the greatest nation upon earth. May this ever be our condition." This we take to be an official and authorita tive exposition of the public sentiment of Vir ginia in relation to the questions at issue be tween the honest constitutional democrats and the reckless and disorganizing freesoilers of the north. This we take to be an expression of the sympathy of Virginia in behalf of that noble band, headed by Dickinson, who have devoted their lives and all their powers to the expurgation of the northern democracy from the taint of freesoilixm and abolitionism. This we take to be a censure and a condemnation of those who, like the Van Burens, have sought first to entice, by ingenious blandishments, and then to drive by force the honest constitutional democrats of the north into the embraces of the enemies of the Constitution and the country. Governor Johuson says: "The friends of constitutional and state rights, even in the north, have generally been triumphantly sus tained." The question arises, who are the "friends of constitutional and State rights?" Are thefree soilers? Are the softs? Are the Van Burens and their aiders, abettors and sympathizers? We should deplore that as the blackest day in our annals, when a southern State and a southern governor aud southern politicians should lend their sanction and their influences to freesoilers?should give their countenance their approbation and their sympathy to fac tious agitators. If the south is to be betrayed, it will be by its own sons?by itself. Their is a large party at the north true to the Constitution?true to the rights of every section. They are willing and waiting to act with the south. If the south spurns their proffers and despises their aid, then indeed?in the day of extremity?in the hour of need?will she find herself left single handed and alone to fight her own battles and the battles of the Constitution. NATIONAL DEFENCES. The October number of the Edinburgh Re view contains an able and elaborate article on the subject of national defences. It is full of statistical information, and of solid and well con sidered arguments. It will not be long, perhaps, before the saine subject will have to be considered in this coun try. W e therefore extract from the Review the paragraph that serves as an introduction to the article. In most respects it is applicable to our country?in other respects it is not. It is as follows: " We confess that we have always been totally unable to comprehend the principle on which certain persons have objected to any outlay for perfecting such a defensive system as should not only place this country in a posture of secu rity against a possible attack by foreign powers, but also remove the temptation offered by the state of weakness into which our defences have fallen during a long peace. No man would neglect to insure his warehouse or his ricks, because his neighbors declared that they were animated by the most friendly feelings towards him, and had no intention of applying the torch to his property. National defence is national insurance ; and we do not think any govern ment can maintain a character for prudence, that neglects to complete the insurance of this country against aggression, although we may not only continue to receive the most pacific assurances from foreign governments, but even give them the fullest credit for sincerity in their professions." PUBLIC PRINTING. Iii connexion with others, we were yesterday lominated in the House of Representatives for public printer. We did not know, until after the election, by whom we were to be nominated, or by whom supported. We had formed no alliances?no coalitions?no corrupt bargains. We were beaten. The majority of the House so willed it. We submit. We have fought for the truth. We have battled for good honest old fashioned constitutional and democratic principles. We shall continue with the same zeal the same contest. Whilst success would have been highly grati fying to us, we yet do but justice to ourselves, when we say that neither by success or failure could the character or course of the Sentinel be changed. We still believe that the principles we have advocated, and mean to advocate, are the true principles of the constitutional democ racy, and will be so received in and out of Congress. Truth is mighty and will prevail." We have received from Messrs. Taylor and Maury, of this city, the October number of the Quarterly Review. It contains some very able, elaborate, and interesting articles. Its table of contents is as follows: Church Parties, The Arctic Regions, Mahometanism in Western Asia, Our National Defences, Grote's History of Greece, Military Bridges, The Newspaper Stamp, Life of Heydon, nnd Parliamentary Pu rification. The articles on national defences and mili tary bridges are the only two that we have had time to read. They are very able and interest ing. As soon as we can, we desire to take some notice of a number of books now lying on our table. The Cixcijwati Printers.?The telegraph has already announced that a strike had re cently taken place at Cincinnati, for higher prices, and for rules adopted by the Printer's Union, for the management of the offices. The proprietors of the papers all agreed to give the prices, but some refused to give up the control and management of their offices to the society ; and the Gazette, Columbian, and two other papers were consequently left without hands. Of the subsequent proceedings of the strikers, the following advertisement, in the Gazette of Monday last, speaks for itself: Oxe Hundred Dom.arh Reward.?We will pay one hundred dollars for such information as will lead to the detection and conviction of the person or persons who cut the hoisting rope of our forms, and thereby caused great loss and endangered the lives of our hands. Twenty-five dollars will be paid for such in formation as will lead to the detection and con viction of the persons who assaulted the carriers of our paper. Twenty-five dollars will be paid for the names of the persons engaged In enticing away the apprentices and employees of our office. To thoee desiring employment in our compo sition and press-room, and who are ready to make their own arrangement*, wc will pay a fair compensation. An article accompanying this advertisement, says that some of the carriers of the Gazette had l>een robbed of their papers, and two of them were thrown into the canal. The form that fell through from the fifth to the first story of the building, although endangering the lives of the hands, did not break. Tne Gazette con cludes by declaring its determination to stand hereafter, wholly independent of the Printer's U nion. IW (toiler Rx plosion.?The boiler in the foundry of W. Bute*, of Frecporl, Pennsylvania, exploded on the 25th ultimo, one and of it paasing through the foundry and killing instantly a son of the pro prietor and a citizen of Freeport, who happened to be in the building at the time. A third person wan severely scalded. The second portion of the boiler was thrown several hundred feet into the air, and, failing on a house near at band, nearly demolished it. Congressional. THIRTY-THIRD CONQBKM. J1H8T HUSSION. Ill Seuate-H'ediiebday, December T, 1853* j The Hon. Isaac P. Walkkk, Archibald Dixon, and James Cooper attended. EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION 8. The CHAIR laid before the Senate the annual report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the state of the finance*. Laid on the table and or dered to be printed, together with 10,000 addition al copies. ? Also, a letter from the Secretary of the Treaau 3', inclosing u, statement of the accounts of the re usurer of the United States for the third and fourth quarters of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1852, and of the first and second quarters of the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1853. Also, the first annual report of the Superinten dent of Printing. ELECTION or CHAPLAIN. On motion of Mr. JONES, of Iowa, the Senate Eroceeded to the election of chaplain, with the tol >wing result. First ballot.?Whole number of votes 39 ; neces sary to a choice, 20. Rev. Henry Slicer, Metho dist Episcopal, 18; Rev. Wm. Hodges, Episcopa lian, 13; R?v. Mr. Tustin, 3; Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, 2; Rev. Mr. Chaplin, 3. No choice. Second ballot.?Whole number 43; necessary to a choice, 22: Slicer, 21; Hodges, 18; Tustin. 1; Beecher, 2; blank, 1. Third ballot.?Slicer, 23; Hodge9, 19; Tustin, 1- Mr. Slicer having received a majority of the whole number of votes was declared duly elected. mail steamers to china. Mr. GWIN presented the memorial of the Ori ental and Pacihc Steam Navigation Company, pray ing that a contract may be entered into with them by the government for the transportation of the mail between San Francisco aud China via the Sandwich islands. BILLS INTRODUCED. Mr. GWIN, on leave, introduced bills of the following titles: A bill to authorize and direct the payment of certain moneys into the treasury of the State of California, which were collected in the ports of said State as a revenue upon^ imports since the ratification of the treaty of peace between the United States and the republic of Mexico, tnd prior to the admission of snid State into the Union. Bill to refund to the State of California the ex penses incurred in suppressing Indian aggressions in that State. An act to encourage agriculture, commerce, manufactures, aud all other brauches of industry, by granting to every man who is the head of a family and a citizen of the United States, a home stead of 160 acres of land out of the public do main, upon condition of occupancy and cultiva tion of the same for the period herein specified. . NOTICES Or BILLS. Mr. JOHNSON, of Arkansas, gave notice that he would, at an early day, ask leave to introduce a bill to grant to the States of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Missouri, the right of way, and alternate sections of the public lands to aid in the construction of a railroad from Shreveport, in Louisiana, via Wash ington, Fort Smith and Van Buren, in Arkansas, and by Springfield and Independence, to St. Joseph, in Missouri. Mr. BRIGHT?to amend the standing rules of the Senate, so as to change the number of members constituting certain standing committees. Mr. BENJAMIN?to grant to the State of Lou isiana the right of way, and a donation of pub lic land for the purpose of constructing a railroad from New Orleans to the State line of Mississippi, in the direction of the town of Jackson. Mr. SLIDELL?granting to the State of Lou isiana the right of way and donation of public land for the purpose of locating and constructing a railroad from Shreveport, to the Mississippi river, in said State. Also a bill granting to the State of Louisiana the right of way, and a donation of the public land, lor the purpose of constructing a railroad from Algiers on the Mississippi river to the Sabine river in said State. SICKNESS AND MORTALITY Or EMI GRANTS. The following resolution, submitted on Monday by Mr. FISH, was taken up and adopted. JfesolMd, That a select committee of five be appointed to consider the causes and the extent of the sickness and mortality prevailing on board the emigrant ships on the voyage to this country; and whether any, and what further legislation is ueedod tor the better protection of the health and lives of passengers on board such vessels. UNITED STATES JUDICIAL SYSTEM. The following resolution, submitted on Tuesday by Mr. CLAYTON, was taken up and adopted: Resolved, That the I'resident be respectfully requested to present to the Senate the plan referred to in his mes sage to Congress this day, and which he in prepared to recommend, for the enlargement and modification of the present judicial system of the United States. ALEX. P. riELD. On motion of Mr. GWIN, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the joint resolution from the House for the relief of Alexander P. Field, late secretary of Wisconsin Territory, and sure tics; and it was amended, and then read a third time and passed. ELECTION OF PRINTER. Mr. DODGE, ot? Wisconsin, submitted the lol lowing resolution, and asked tor its present con hideraiion: Rttoiitd, That the Senate will proceed to the election of a public printer, to do the public printing for the Thirty third Congress, in accordance with the eighth section of the " act to provide for executing the public printing, and establishing the price* thereof, and for other purpose*," approved the 20th of August, 1862. Mr. BRIGHT objected; and the resolution was laid over. On motion of Mr. DODGE, of Iowa, Jittolvtd. That the Secretary of the Interior be requeu ed to furnish a copy of the items of expenditure allowed at different times for the surrey and marking of the north ern boundary line of the State of Iowa, together with any information in the possession of this department touching the accuracy of said boundary line. And then, on motion, the Senate adjourned. House of Representative*. Several additional members appeared to-day, and qualified by taking the oath to support the Consti tution of the United States. ELECTION OP PRINTER. On motion of Mr. H1BBARD, it waa? Re sol ifd, That the House do now proceed to the election of a public printer to the House of Representatives for the presont Congress. Messrs. Hibbard, Bocock, Chandler, and Ste phens. of Georgia, were appointed tellers. Mr. HIBBARD nominated Robert Armstrong. Mr. GIDDINGS nominated Gamaliel Bailey. Mr. PRESTON nominated Joseph Gales. Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, nominated Horace Greeley. Mr. WALSII nominated Beverley Tucker. The vote having been taken, the following waa announced as the result: Whole number of votes, 215. Necessary to a choice, 110. Of which, Mr. Armstrong received 12fl ; Mr. Gales, 64 ; Mr. Tucker, 20 ; Mr. Bailey, 3; Mr. Greeley, 1; Mr. L. Towers, 1; Pryor, 1 j Rives, 1; Gideon & Co., 1. Mr. Armstrong having received a majority of all the votes, was declared elected public printer. The following is the vote in detail: For Mr. Armstrong?Messrs. Aiken, Willis Al len, David J. Bailey, Banks, jr., Bnrksdale, Barry, Belcher, Bissell, Bliss, Bocock, Boyce, Boyd, Breckenridge. Bridges, Chamberlain, Chaplain. Chrisman, Churchwell, Clark, Clingman, Cobb, Colquitt, Craige, Cumming, Curtis, John G.Davis. Thos. Davis, Dawson, Dean, Dent, Disney, Dow dell, Dunbar, Dunham. Eddy, Edgerton, Elliott, Ellison, Faulkner, Fenton, Florence, Fuller, Gam ble, Green, Greenwood, Grow. Hamilton. Andrew J. Harlan, Sampson W- Harris, Wiley P. Harris, Hastings, Hendricks, Henn, Hibbard, Hillyer, Houston, Hughes, Ingersall, Johnson, Daniel T. Jones, Geo. W. Jones, Kidwell, Kittredge. Kurtz, Lamb, Lane, Latham, L*illy, Lindsay, Macdonald, McDougal, McMullen, McNair, Mace, Macy, Maxwell, May, Mayall, Smith Miller, Millson, Morrison, Murray. Nichols, Noble, Olds. Orr, Pac .ker, Bishop Perkins, John E. Perkins, jr., Phelps, Philips, Pratt, Richardson, Riddle, Thos. Ritchcy, Kohl.ins, jr., Rowe, Ruffin, Seward, Seymour, Shannon, Shaw, Shower, Skelton, Samuel A. Smith, William Smith, William R. Smith, Snod grass, Frederick P. Stanton, Richard H. Stanton, Stevens, Stratton, Straub, Andrew Stuart, David Stuart, John J. Taylor, Thurston, Trout, Vail, Van ssnt, Walbridgr, Walker, Warren, John Want worth, Wcstbrook, Wright. For Mr. Gales?Messrs. Abercrombie, Appletoij, Ball. Benson. Bugg, Carpenter, Caruthers, Chand ler, Chase, Cook, Corwin, Cox, Crocker, Culltim, Dick, Dickinson, Etheridge, Everhart, Ewing, Farley, Flagler, Franklin, Goodrich, Grey, Aaron Harlan. Haven, liiester, Hi|l,*Howp, Hunt, Kerr, Knox, Lindley, McCulloch. Matteson, Meacham, Middleswarth, John G. Miller, Morgan, Norton, Mordecai Oliver, Parker, Pennington, Preaton, Pringle, Puryear, Ready, Reese, David Ritchie, Rogers, Russell, Sabiu, Sage, Sanp, Simmons, Alexander H. Stephens, John L. Taylor, Tracy, I'pham. Elih 11 B.Washburtie. Israel Washburn, jr., Tampan Wentwortb, Yules. ZoUicoffer. For Beverley Tucker?Messrs. Tlios. H. Bayly, Boyce, Brooks. t'askie, Cutting, EaMinan, Ed niundson, Goode, Letcher, Lyou. Maurice, An drew Oliver. Peck, Peckh*m. Powell, Tweed, Walsh, Wells. Wheeler. Witte. For Gamaliel Bailey?Messrs. Giddings mid Wade. For John C. Rires?Mr. English. For Horace Greeley?Mr. Lewis D. Campbell. ) For Gideon & Co.?Mr. Thomas H. Benton. Fer Lemuel Tower#?Mr. Bennett. For Roger II. Pryor?Mr. McQueen. F I K A X CI A L REPORTS. The SPEAKER laid before the House the re port of the Secretary of the Treasury, on the sub ject of the finance*; which was ordered to be re ferred to the Committee of Ways find Means. On motion of Mr. HOUSTON, the Committee 1 oo Printing were directed to inquire iuto the pro priety of printing fifteen thousand extra copies of the report. The report of the treasurer was likewise laid before the House and ordered to be printed. MK S8ENQBR. Mr. OLDS ottered a resolution, which was adopted, providing for the appointment of un addi tional messenger by the Speaker, at u compensa tion not exceeding four dollars a day. Mr. BAYLY had ineffectually endeavored to amend the resolution, by providing that the House librarian shall be elected, instead of appointed by the Clerk. The Slates and territories were called for peti tions, and a large number w ere presented. Various notices of the intention to introduce bills were given. The bill from the Senate to indemnify the State of Indiana for the failure of title to n township of land granted to said State, on her admission into the I nion in 1810, was taken up, when Mr. DURHAM moved that it be put on its pas sage. Debates ensued, and at its termination, the bill was referred to tbe Committee of the Whole Hou ?e. ELECTION OK CHAPLAIN. The House proceeded to the election of a chap lain, and on counting the vote, the following was announced as the result: Rev. Mr. Tustin, 58; Rev. Mr. Millburn, 56; Rev. Mr. Teasdale, 33; Rev. Mr. Westbrook, 14; Rev. Mr. Ilolmead, 14; Rev. Mr. Jackson, 11; Rev. Mr. Chapin, 5; Rev. Mr. Beecher, 2; Rev. Mr. Hosmer, 2; Rev. Mr. Hodges, 2; Rev. Mr. Hutchinson, 1; Rev. Mr. Donnelly, 1; Miss An toinette Brown, 1. Total 200. (The last named vote was given by Mr. Mike Walsh.) Necessary to a choice, 101. There being no election, the House again voted with the following result: Rev. Mr. Millburn, 117; Rev. Mr. Teasdale, 22; Rev. Mr. Tustin, 55; Rev. Mr. Holmead, 4; Rev. Mr. Jackson, 1; Miss A. Brown, 1. Necessary to a choice. 101. Mr. Millburn (formerly chaplain of fhe House, and connected with the Methodist Episcopal Church South) was declared elected. And the House adjourned. Affairs In Cuba. RxtracU of the Herald's Correspondence. To commence, then, with the highest per sonage in this island. The Captain General Cauedo will shortly take his departure from Cuba, his successor, General Pezuela, being momentarily expected?nay, he may possibly arrive before this letter is closed, he having left Spain in a war steamer on the 11th instant. Not a sylnble in the shape of regret will, 1 venture to affirm, be uttered at General Cane do's departure. He has doue no one act cal culated to win the affections or to command the respect of the inhabitants of Cuba. Haughty, vain, and addle-pated, ho is universally declared to be without sufficient force of intellect or energy of character to know which course is the wiser to pursue, or to do it when he has arrived at a conclusion. Antonio Quiaterio, who caused the soldiers recently at Cardenas to take themselves off the island, it is reported has been condemned to suffer the death penalty by the garotte. It would not surprise me if this act led to a public outbreak. A regiment of soldiers recently left this city for the western part of the island, and two Spanish war steamships have departed within a few days, but where bound or on what erraud no one knows, except, perhaps, the administra dor of the marine department. A disgraceful murder was committed on the morning of the 23d instant, by Jose Perez, upon the person of his wife, Dona Matilde Dominquez, a very pretty actress of the Tacon theatre. The murdered woman had played the preceding night as Louisa, in the semi-opera comiqne called " El Valle de Andorraand her husband, who is a gambler, having de manded money of her, behind the scenes, which she refused to give him, conceived the horrible idea of sending her to " her long ac count, with all her sins unrepented of." Jose Perez afterwards attempted to murder himself. In this, however, he aid not succeed. He still lives, although in great danger. The mother of the murdered woman wa3 murdered by her husband, and, it is said, with the self same stage dagger with which this horrible deed was done. The murdered woman was stabbed in no less than forty-two different places. A more brute-like muriler was scarce ly ever heard of. You may form some opinion of the state of the press of this island, when I inform you that only one of the four morning papers pub lished here contained a syllable next morning respecting this murder. The cause of this si lence is attributable to the murdered and mur derer being Creoles?of so little account are this class of persons held in Cuba, amongst the Spaniards. Senor Garcia, the large segar importer of our city and Havana, died recently, after a rief illness from apoplexy. His daughter ar rived here just in time to see him before his death. A circular has been issued to the captains of the several counties, into which the island is divided, authorizing them to cull upon all per sons whom they may suspect of a want of loy alty to the Spanish government, to make a tender of their " lives and property" to the gov ernment of this island, ana which " tender ' is to be accepted in the event of any attack being made upon Cuba by any foreign foe. Should the suspected " parties'' refuse to make this "tender," then they are to be tried as traitors to the Statej by a " military tribunal." What think you of this act of moderation on the part of General Canedo, on the eve of his depart ure ? Is it not conciliatory? The forthcoming crop of sugar, it is stated, will be a short one. Dry weather and the cholera having caused the death of the negroes and affected the canes injuriously. Next year's crop is, however, spoken of hopefully; by that period, new negroes, it is trusted, will be im rted. So Messrs. Cruisers, if you are in earnest, on the qui vive. By the way, did Great Bri tain in reality desire to put down the slave trade, how readily might she do so, by sur rounding this island and Porto Rico with her cruisers, Can you inform the Americans sojourning in Cuba when the harbor of the Havana is likely to be graced with a visit from a United States vessel of war? ?*?#** The past week we had one of those death jars in our midst, which shocks social relations by the sequence of secret crime laid bare and exposed to public commentary. The actress, Matilda Domingnez, was killed by her husband, Don Jose Francisco Yaldez, early in the morn ing of the 23d, and the circumstances brought to light in connection with the tragedv, involve the nonor and dignity of one high in official rank. Report says that the lady supped at the country residence of that functionary after leaving the theatre on the night of the 22d, and because she would not forego the engagement at the request of her husband, he met her on her return, with a knife inflicting many mortal wounds, and then attempted his own destruc tion, in which he failed. The mother of this lady c?mc to her death in the same way, by the hands of her husband, and that husband, with more nerve than the wretch Valdez, struck a truthful blow to his own heart. One of the views of tliit) strange tale of woe and crime is, that the wife was sold by the husband, and forced to live in immoral associations, for the purpose of feeding his licentious wants and dis sipation, and therefore the singularity of the sudden madness, under the instigation of which he put her to death, and affected justification in letters written under the impression that he would destroy himself as well as his long-de laded wife, implicating others, but chiefly the nl have named. As to being the cause of , or cause of jealousy, that would be im possible, for all the crime committed by the lady wus of his own initiation, and by his ex press commands, and for which he took always immediate possession of the compensation made to the victim of his foul and demon pas sions. There are a thousand stories in connec tion with this crime, which are too offensive for repetition; but it has cast a gloom and shadow over every circle of the community for the hour, owing to the reputation and talents of the lady as an actress, she being a great favorite with our theatre-going public, and crowds of people, with sorrow-stricken hearts, followed her re mains to their restiug place. The husband lives to expiate this offence, aud a thousand crimes of deepest dye at the garote, which will have to hang upon the war rant of General Canedo, unless General Pizuela should arrive in the course of a few days, and he will be due here on the morrow according to Alll* fl^VIAOO From Oie New fork Herald. The Vera Cruz and Mexican Railroad. His excellency the President of the republic has issued the following decree: Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, benemerito, general of division, grand cross of the royal and distinguished order of Carlos III. of Spain, and president of the Mexican republic, to all to whom these presents come, know all men that, according to the powers conferred upon him by the nation, he decrees as follows: Article 1. To Don Juan Laurie Richards is conceded the exclusive right to construct and aud carry out a railroad from Vera Cruz to Mexico, passing by Puebla. Art. 2. The route from Vera Cruz to Puebla shall be through the lands recognized as most convenient, and the route from Puebla to Mex ico will be by the plains of Apan. Art. 3. The grounds needed for the construc tion of the road, for the officers' dwellings, or workshops wanted for the building and conduct of the said road, shall be furnished the directors free of all cost, and in perpetual possession, see ing the great advantages which must result to the present owners of such lands because of their neighborhood to the railway. Art. 4. The materials for the road, whether natufal or foreign productions, all goods, etc., which may be necessary for the use and service of the agents, employees, and laborers, as well as all kinds of carriages, cars aud other vehi cles for transport, all machines, tools, houses, offices, dwellings, stations, coal, animals and their harness necessary, shall be free of all du ty, taxation, contribution or impost now exist ing, or hereafter to exist, of whatever class or denomination. Art. 5. The government will assure to the company its properties and its foreign em ployees the protection which existing treaties guarantee to such foreigners, as well for their persons as for their property and interests. Art. 6. All Mexican employees, operatives, and laborers, shall be exempt from military service during the time of their engagement with the said company. Art. 7. The Scnor Juan Laurie Richards en gages to form and constitute the said company within eight months from the granting ot this privilege, and will officially advise the Mexican plenipotentiary in London of the formation and installation of said company, its statutes and its regulations, for publication in the Mex ican republic. Art. 8. The company's headquarters will be in London, and one-fourth of the shares shall be reserved, during one year, for the inhab itants of the Mexican republic who may desire to purchase, and a subscription book for this purpose shall be opened in Mexico. Art. 9. So soon as the company shall be formed, numerous engineers shall proceed to survey the lands which shall be found most fa vorable to the course which the railway shall pursue, and when the survey shall have been made wholly or in part, the plans shall be sub mitted to the supreme government, and, per mission obtained, the works shall be begun. In case of any uuforseen obstacle which shall render the construction of a railway impossible at one or more points, the company shall con struct a carriage road to communicate with the separated points of the railway, and this cir cumstance shall be considered as of absolute necessity, and shall in no way furnish a motive for the withdrawal of this grant. Art. 10. As soon as the official notice of the formation of this company is received in Mexi co, skillful persons shall be chosen, one by the government and one by the company, to value that part of the road which is now built, its cars, nouses, offices, utensils, and whatever else they snail choose a third, whose decision shall be definitive and obligatory upon all contract ing parties. At the conclusion of this valua tion, the road, its carriages, offices, and appur tenances shall be given to the company in per petual possession, at a rent of six per cent, up on the valuation of the property. Art. 11. Before the railway is finished and opened to the public, the company shall advise with the supreme government as to the rate of charges for passengers, freight, and baggage. Art. 12. It is further agreed and covenanted that this grant shall extend itself, on the same conditions, to any branch or branches which the company may see fit to establish, subject to the approbation of the supreme govern ment. Art. 13. Once finished, the road from Vera Cruz to Mexico, and the branches named in the last article, together with all their appurte nances, shall be considered as the company's property in perpehium. Art. 14. The transport of the mails by this railway, or its branches, shall be the subject of a separate contract or contracts when the proper time arrives. . Art. 15. In return for these concessions by the supreme government, the company binds itself to transport the troops and employees of the government, when on service, as well as the government munitions and other effects, at half the cost demanded of the public. The government shall also receive ten per cent on the dividend paid to shareholders. Also, the company shall admit the engineers designated by government to an opportunity of completing their theoretic studies by practice in the sur veys and construction of the road and its branches, and promises to employ, by permis sion of the supreme government, such of them as are fully qualified. Art. 16. Should any doubt arise about the interpretation or execution of the present con tract, the said doubt shall be decided by two referees, one named by the government and the other by the company, and should they dis agree, they shall choose a third, from whose decision there shall be no appeal. 1. If the company be not formed in Lon don in six months from this date, the contract becomes null and void. 2. If "the nationality of the company be not Anglo-Mexican, it is likewise null. 3. If the company be formed in six months or sooner, on the day of its installation the company shall guarantee to the Mexican minis ter in l^ondon, validly and satisfactorily, the execution and completion of the railway. This contract is ordered to be printed, pub lished and circulated. Given at the palace of the national govern ment in Tacubaya, this 31st of October, 1863. Antonio Lopez dk Santa Anna, A. D. Joaquin Velabquks dc Leon. Should these persons disagree, additional articles. fotal anb ||trsonal. Au Llvll Spirit*?Some people seem ever to be exposed to danger. Escaping from one peril, another immediately besets them, and throughout life they realize the truth of the remark of the great dramatic |>oet, that " MUfurtuueH never cvine u single kplea, But hIwbvh in battiHona." We heard, recently, of a man who, traveling hitherwards from the north, wus followed by a fe mule to Baltimore, in which citv she made an at tempt upon his life with one of those weapons which, eveu when empty, do not inspire the most agreeable feelings when cocked and pointed at the head; in other words, she sought to redress her reul or imaginary wrongs by communicating a messenger of lead to the penetrable body of her fleeing victim, But somehow, she failed to be come a man-slayer. However, acting upon the advice to childteu in the "juvenile books," " If ut first you don't succeed, Try, try again," she followed the man to Washington, and narrow ly watched all his movements, still beCi upon dis turbing his anatomical construction. A favorable opportunity presenting itself, the obtained admis sion to the house in which he happened to be, early in the evening, representing herself at the piivate door as his wife. So the story goes. The poor fellow was lying on a sofa at the time, calm, composed, probably apprehending no danger to life or limb; but, glancing in the direction whence came light footsteps, he was horrified by the female whom he so much dreaded. She held in her right hand a dagger?not like the one which Macbeth saw in his perturbed musings, a shad owy outline, but one having substance, and which glittered in the gaslight. . But we will not attempt to describe the scene which followed; nor pretend to account for au escape from threatened death. It must have been a fearful moment; for, however brave we may all be in our philosophy, but few can "smile at the dagger, and defy its point." The woman, fortunately, was arrested before putting her threat into execution; and, on bejug searched, a six-barrelled revolver was found on her person. Having been taken before a magis trate, she was released by him on condition that she would leave the city; a promise with which she has complied. As to who the parties are, and when and in what locality the scene Was enacted, does not matter. The above is merely given as one of the pass ing incidents of this gay metropolis. Au Unexpected Abseuce*?In the criminal court, yesterday, William Micnkins, the keeper of a clothing store, was arraigned on a charge of grand larceny, for having stolen from II. Colledge two coats, a pair of pautaloons, a vest, and ugold pen; the value of all which wus estimated in tho indictment at $45 50. Eloquent and earnest plead ings ensued, against and in behalf of the accused, when the jury retired. Having come to a deter mination in the case, they re-entered the court room for the purpove of rendering their verdict, but his honor declined receiving it, for the reason that the prisoner, availing himself of a favorable opportunity, hud quietly departed, unobserved by the court, otiicers, and spectators ! Being on bail, he was not plaeed in the dock, but had been priv ileged to occupy a seat near the congregation of "learned counsel." Some of his immediate friend* were anxious lust night to know what the verdict was, but this cannot be ascertained until the ab sentee shall again make his appearance in court. German Economic Reading Lamp.?It in of some importance to authors, and others who have occasion to employ artificial light in their vo cations, to obtain it in as pure a way as possible, so that it will not impair the sight. We have in the above-named article this great essential. The blaze is soft and brilliant, und gives as much light as is obtained from any ordinary gas-burner., No heat arises front it, th?"rt? being various apertures in the lamp for it to cscnpe. It is exceedingly simple, and easily adjusted ; and oneofits peculiar advantages is its economy, the cost being less than one cent per hour. O. S. Whittlesey, on 7th street, is the sole agent, where we recommend those who are suffering from impure lights to call and examine for themselves. Harping.?As we looked in at one of the prin cipal hotels last night, a youth was delighting the auditory with performances upon that noble in strument. the harp, which is associated especially with Jewish reminiscences. The strings boldly and loudly vibrated the most popular airs to the touch of his lingers. The listeners, a large num ber of them, quietly remained in their seats; no human voice was heard, and every one seemed charmed into silence by the melody. How difl'er from the noisy excitement sometimes experienced in that gathering place of politicians! A concert of .Mollis compared to the boisterous organ tone* of old Boreas. ' ? Chaplains to Congress?The Rev. Henry Slicer has been elected Chaplain to the Senate, and the Rev. Wm. H. Milburn Chaplain to the House. The first named is a preacher of the Methodist Episcopal church, and formerly occu pied the position of chaplain to the Senate; the latter was likewise chaplain to the House several years since, and is attached to the Methodist Epis copal church, south. The Hon. Mike Walsh gal lantly cast his vole in the House for the Rev. An toinette Brown. School of Design.?As one good result of the Metropolitan Mechanics' Institute, which has been in operation scarcely a year, a school of design is immediately to be formed ; the number of pupil* being limited. A fine opportunity is thus offered, on easy terms, to the youth of the city, to acquire a knowledge of drawing; an accomplishment which cannot foil to be useful in adult age. Target-Firing.?The new and beautiful mili tary corps, the National Guard, intend, to-day, to engage in target-tiring; the best marksman to re ceive an elegant silver cup. (manufactured to order by Gait and Brother.) from the officers of the com pany. fThe second best will be rewarded with a gold medallion. A Midnight Wedding.?The Boston Herald relates this romantic incident which ocr-yred in that city, last week: A young and talented Episcopal clergyman of Montreal was waiting in Boston for the arrival of his betrothed from England, in the steamer Niagara, and had made arrangements to havo the matrimonial knot tied without delay. The steamer did not come until eleven o'clock in the evening, and the lovers, who had not Been each other for three years, repaired to the church of the Advent, in Green street, as soon as practica ble.. The sexton lighed a couple of tapers, the bishop, dressed in his canonicals, came in, and the ceremony was performed in the presence of the sexton and the superintendent of the Revere House, who gave away the bride. The twain where made one flesh just as the clock struck 12. It was an impressive scene?the dimly lighted church, the trusting bride, who had a few min utes before arrived alone in a stranee land, at midnight, was pronouncing those solemn vows which were to place her under the protection of her only friend on this side of the Atlantic. The last dog ?torjr is from Fayetteville, Arkansas, where a farmer sdog ha*been detected in going to the hog pen at night, and biting one of the hogs till he gets nn, when "Archy" lie* down in the warm place and goe* to *leep.