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Washington sentinel. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1853-1855, December 08, 1853, Image 2

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f?as|)ingtojt Sentinel.
BV BEVERLKY TVCKER.
edited BY
\U. M. OVERTON AND CH. MAURICE SMITH.
CITV OF WASHINGTON.
McEMBERTC 1853.
??&- .Mr. <jt>>RiiE E. French, Bookseller, King
street, Alexandria, is our authorized agent to re
ceive adveitisemeuts and subscription*. Single
numbers can be procured at bis counter every
morning.
ysB- Mr. E. K. Lundy, bookseller. Bridge street,
Georgetown, w ill act as agent for the Sentinel iu
receiving subscriptions and advertisements.
JSSf-George W. Me arson is our authorized
ngeut to receive subscriptions and advertisement!*,
in Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria.
CONGRESS YESTERDAY.
In the Senate various bills were introduced,
and several resolutions adopted.
Mr. Dodge, of Wisconsin, submitted a reso
lution with a view to the election of a public
printer; but objection being made, it lies
over.
The Senate elected Rev. Henry Slicer its
chaplain.
The House of Representatives elected Gen
eral Armstrong its printer, and Rev. Wm. H.
Millburn its chaplain.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE?THE IN
TERNAL. IMPROVEMENT QUESTION.
We are gratified in saying that the views
which, as an independent press, we have- pre
sented upon the great question of constitutional
power over internal improvements, have l^pen
responded to substantially by the message.
We have endeavored to maintain, by the au
thority of the great names which have made
the epoch of 1798, to which the President
alludes, memorable in the annals of the repub
lican painty?by the contemporaneous history
of the foundation of the Constitution?and by
a proper construction of that instrument itself,
that the powers reserved to the States are am
ply sufficient for the internal improvement
system of our whole country, without a resort
to powers by the federal government, of doubt
ful existence, to say the least, and, as we be
lieve, condemned, as unwarranted and im
proper.
The President refers to the power which has
been so often exercised of constructing roads
in the lerritories by the grant of alternate
sections of the public lands, and maintains
"that grants of land to aid in the construction
of roads should be restricted to cases where it
would be for the interest of a proprietor, under
like circumstances, thus. to contribute to the
construction of these works.'' He, at the same
time, .guards his approval of this principle re
sulting from mere proprietary rights, by de
claring that the experience of the government,
by no means, affords "encouragement to a
reckless or indiscriminate extension of the
principle."
This passage in the message is of great im
portance in placing a proper restriction upon
the power of the government in the disposition
of the public lands; thus indicating that the
constitutional limitations, on money appropria
tions, are alike applicable to grants to land.
The declarations of the message upon the
subject of mouey appropriations, for certain lo
cal improvements in the States, for harbors
and like objects, are entirely consonant with
views recently put forth by us upon that subject,
and shadow forth' the adoption of the consti
tional resort to tonnage duties, to be levied by
the States, with the consent of Congress, for
these important purposes. The President re
curs with emphasis to the famous action of
General Jackson in 1830, by which, admitting
the difficulty of doing so, he sought to bring
back the government u to the construction of
the Constitution in 171)8, and marked it as an
admonitory proof of the necessity of guarding
that instrument with sleepless vigilance against
the authority of precedents, which had not the
sanction of its most plainly defined powers."
In seconding this patriotic effort, the Presi
dent plainly asserts his own determination in
this language:
"Our government exists under a written
compact between sovereign States, uniting for
specific objects, and with specific grants to their
general agent. Jf, then, in the progress of its
administration, there have been departures
from the terms and intent of the compact, it is,
and will ever be, proper to refer back to the
fixed standard with our fathers left us, and to
make a stern etfort to conform our actions to it.
The President concludes this branch of his
message by a suggestion, clearly referring to
the expedient of tonnage duties by the States
for local pnrposes, which a few days since we
urged upon the attention of our readers.
111 submit to you," says he, " whether it may
not be safely anticipated that, if the policy were ;
once settled against appropriations by the gen- ;
eral government for local improvements for the j
benefit of commerce, localities requiring expen- i
ditures would uot, by modes and men tut clearly '
legitimate and proper, raise the fund, necessary I
for such constructions as the safety or other in
terests of their commerce might require."
With these more general views, the Presi
dent approaches the important subject of the
Pacific railroad. This point he maintains with
more caution than we could desire, but in such
a manner as clearly to show the tendency, if
not fixed character, of his opinions, to Vie in ac
cordance with those which this press has uni
formly advanced. He nowhere, indeed, pro
nounces against the Pacific road as a present
enterprise, in so many words : while he seems
to intimate that there are circumstances in
which its construction for military purposes
might be 11 incidental to, and indispensable,"
to the use of the means expressly given to Con
gress to provide for the common defence. But
still it is obvious, upon a fair construction of
the whole passage, that he repudiates the idea
of any administration by the federal govern
ment of any such improvement and leaves to
future exigencies, as they may arise, the deter
mination of the question, when it would l>e con
stitutional for Congress to aid by its means in
its consummation. And we say, without hesi
tation, that regarding a message, not as the
executive exposition of abstract constitutional
points, but as intended under the Constitution
to be a summary of recommendations to present
action, it was proper that the President should
indicate in clear terms his present views, and
leave to the future the determination of ques
tions arising under different exigencies.
We shall close our article by quoting these
parts of the message, which have led us to the
conclusions above expressed. They establish,
we think, conclusively, these points:
1st. That at present it is best to leave the
construction of railroads to the Pacific to indi
vidual enterprise, with the aid which Congress
can give by the grant of alternate sections c>f
laud, as indicated iu a former part of his men
sage?under the rights of proprietorship.
2d. That the connection of the government
j with such a scheme should be incidental, not
pecuniary ; and that it is of doubtful power,
I and more thun doubtful propriety for it "to un
i dertake to administer the affairs of a railroad,
a canal, or other similar construction."'
3d. That under no circumstances, except
I where it is indispensable for executing the
means expressly vested for common defence,
(which circumstances do not exist now,)?and
then, without any connection of the government
with the administration of the railroad, is it
constitutional to appropriate money, or laud,
except under its rights of proprietorship of the
public domain.
Such are the conclusions upon this subject, I
which we state, without now expressing how far
we may differ in some respects with them;
while we express our gratification, that they
evidence an earnest desire on the part of the
Executive to confine them to the rigid rules of
construction originated by the republican lead
ers of 1798.
The extracts we now insert, as sustaining the
views we have taken:
" The power to declare war, to raise and
support armies, to provide ;,nd maintain a
navy, and to call forth the militia to execute
the laws, suppress insurrections, and repel in
vasions, was conferred upon Congress, as means
to provide for the common defence, and to pro
tect a territory and a population now wide
spread, and vastly multiplied. As incidental
to and iudispensable for the exercise of this
power, it must sometimes be necessary to con
struct military roads, and protect harbors of
refu ye. To appropriations by Congress for
such objects, no sound objection can be raised.
Happily for our country, its peaceful policy and
rapialy increasiug population impose upon us
no urgent necessity for preparation, ana leave
but few trackless deserts between assailable
points and a patriotic people ever ready and
generally able to protect them. These neces
people are steadily aud boldly struggling to
supply. All experience affirms that, wherever
private enterprise will avail, it is most wise for
the general government to leave to that and
individual watchfulness the location aud execu
tion of all means of communication."
******
j "The heavy expense, the great delay, and, at
times, fatality attending travel by either of the
isthmus routes, have demonstrated the advant
age which would result lroin interterritorial
communication by such safe and rapid means
as a railroad would supply.
"These difficulties, which have been encoun
tered iu a period of peace, would be magnified
and still further increased in time of war. But
whilst the embarrassments already encountered,
and others under new contingencies to be anti
cipated, may serve strikingly to exhibit the im
portance of such a work, neither these, nor all
considerations combined, can have an appreci
able value, when weighed against the obligation
strictly to adhere to the Constitution, and faith
fully to execute the powers it confers.
" Within this limit and to the extent of the
interest of the government involved, it wonld
seem both expedient and proper, if an eco
nomical and practicable route shall be found,
to aid by all constitutional means, in the con
struction of a road which will unite, by speedy
transit, the populations of the Pacific and
Atlantic States. To guard against miscon
ception, it should be remarked that, al
the power to construct, or aid in the con
struction of a road within the limits of a
territory is not embarrassed by that ques
tion of jurisdiction which would arise within
the limits of a State, it is nevertheless held to
be doubtful of power, and more than doubtful
propriety, even within the limits of a territory,
for the general government to undertake to ad
minister the affairs of a railroad, a canal, or
other similar construction, and therefore, that
its connection with a work of this character
should be incidental rather than primary. I
will only add at present that, fully appreciat
ing the magnitude of the subject, and solicitous
that the Atlantic and Pacific shores of the re
public may be bound together by inseparable
ties of common interest as well as of common
fealty and attachment to the Union, I shall be
disposed, so far as my own action is concerned,
to follow the lightq of the Constitution, as ex
pounded and illustrated by those whose opin
ions and expositions constitute the stand
ard of my political faith, in regard to the
powers of the federal government. It is, I
trust, not necessary to say, that no grandeur of
enterprise, and no present urgent inducement
promising popular favor, will lead me to disre
gard those lights, or to depart from that path
which experience has proved to be safe, and
which is now radiant with the glow of pros
perity and legitimate constitutional progress.
We can a fford to wait, but ice cannot afford to
overlook tiie ark of our security
enterprise aud energy of our
MESSAGE OP GOVERNOR JOHNSON OF
VIRGINIA.
Tbe message of the Governor of Virginia to
the legislature of that State crowds the col
umns of the Richmond papers. The necessity
of devoting our attention, at this time, almost
exclusively to national affairs, has thus far de
nied us the opportunity of reading, as carefully
as we desire to do, the message of the chief
magistrate of the " Old Dominion." We have
only glanced over it. Our attention, however,
was arrested by one paragraph, which gave us
great pleasure, and which we propose to make
the subject of a few comments. It is as fol
lows :
u Finally, I congratulate you upon the con
dition of our federal and foreign relations?noth?
ing having occurred sine*! your adjournment
calculated to weaken the hope that the south
may be permitted to enjoy a season of repose
from the irritating interference by northern fa
naticism with the subject of slavery. Kvery
friend of this Union has cause of congratulation
at the overthrow and signal rebuke the aboli
tion party has received within the last two years.
, The friends of constitutional and State rights,
! even in the north, have generally been triumph
; antly sustained. Onr northern brethren, among
whom there have always been a few who were
I true to the Constitution, have indicated a dis
( position to respect oar rights, and evinced a
sense of justice which should ever characterise
the relations between citizens of sister States.
Madness for a while seemed to run riot, and
when fanaticism had brought the republic to
the verge of ruin, patriotism was aro\i?ed. reason
and justice gained the ascendant, nnd the traitor
and the demagogue, whether sailing nnder the
name of abolition or freesoilisrn, has been put
down?peace and quiet has been restored?
confidence has taken the place of distrust, and
with rapid strides we are marching to fulfil that
destiny which ha? assigned to us the position
of the greatest nation upon earth. May this
ever be our condition."
This we take to be an official and authorita
tive exposition of the public sentiment of Vir
ginia in relation to the questions at issue be
tween the honest constitutional democrats and
the reckless and disorganizing freesoilers of
the north. This we take to be an expression
of the sympathy of Virginia in behalf of that
noble band, headed by Dickinson, who have
devoted their lives and all their powers to the
expurgation of the northern democracy from
the taint of freesoilixm and abolitionism. This
we take to be a censure and a condemnation
of those who, like the Van Burens, have sought
first to entice, by ingenious blandishments, and
then to drive by force the honest constitutional
democrats of the north into the embraces of
the enemies of the Constitution and the country.
Governor Johuson says: "The friends of
constitutional and state rights, even in the
north, have generally been triumphantly sus
tained."
The question arises, who are the "friends of
constitutional and State rights?" Are thefree
soilers? Are the softs? Are the Van Burens
and their aiders, abettors and sympathizers?
We should deplore that as the blackest day
in our annals, when a southern State and a
southern governor aud southern politicians
should lend their sanction and their influences
to freesoilers?should give their countenance
their approbation and their sympathy to fac
tious agitators.
If the south is to be betrayed, it will be by
its own sons?by itself. Their is a large party
at the north true to the Constitution?true to
the rights of every section. They are willing
and waiting to act with the south. If the south
spurns their proffers and despises their aid,
then indeed?in the day of extremity?in the
hour of need?will she find herself left single
handed and alone to fight her own battles and
the battles of the Constitution.
NATIONAL DEFENCES.
The October number of the Edinburgh Re
view contains an able and elaborate article on
the subject of national defences. It is full of
statistical information, and of solid and well con
sidered arguments.
It will not be long, perhaps, before the saine
subject will have to be considered in this coun
try. W e therefore extract from the Review the
paragraph that serves as an introduction to the
article. In most respects it is applicable to our
country?in other respects it is not. It is as
follows:
" We confess that we have always been totally
unable to comprehend the principle on which
certain persons have objected to any outlay for
perfecting such a defensive system as should
not only place this country in a posture of secu
rity against a possible attack by foreign powers,
but also remove the temptation offered by the
state of weakness into which our defences have
fallen during a long peace. No man would
neglect to insure his warehouse or his ricks,
because his neighbors declared that they were
animated by the most friendly feelings towards
him, and had no intention of applying the torch
to his property. National defence is national
insurance ; and we do not think any govern
ment can maintain a character for prudence,
that neglects to complete the insurance of this
country against aggression, although we may
not only continue to receive the most pacific
assurances from foreign governments, but even
give them the fullest credit for sincerity in their
professions."
PUBLIC PRINTING.
Iii connexion with others, we were yesterday
lominated in the House of Representatives for
public printer. We did not know, until after
the election, by whom we were to be nominated,
or by whom supported. We had formed no
alliances?no coalitions?no corrupt bargains.
We were beaten. The majority of the House
so willed it. We submit. We have fought for
the truth. We have battled for good honest
old fashioned constitutional and democratic
principles. We shall continue with the same
zeal the same contest.
Whilst success would have been highly grati
fying to us, we yet do but justice to ourselves,
when we say that neither by success or failure
could the character or course of the Sentinel
be changed. We still believe that the principles
we have advocated, and mean to advocate, are
the true principles of the constitutional democ
racy, and will be so received in and out of
Congress. Truth is mighty and will prevail."
We have received from Messrs. Taylor and
Maury, of this city, the October number of the
Quarterly Review. It contains some very able,
elaborate, and interesting articles. Its table of
contents is as follows: Church Parties, The
Arctic Regions, Mahometanism in Western
Asia, Our National Defences, Grote's History
of Greece, Military Bridges, The Newspaper
Stamp, Life of Heydon, nnd Parliamentary Pu
rification.
The articles on national defences and mili
tary bridges are the only two that we have had
time to read. They are very able and interest
ing.
As soon as we can, we desire to take some
notice of a number of books now lying on our
table.
The Cixcijwati Printers.?The telegraph
has already announced that a strike had re
cently taken place at Cincinnati, for higher
prices, and for rules adopted by the Printer's
Union, for the management of the offices. The
proprietors of the papers all agreed to give
the prices, but some refused to give up the
control and management of their offices to the
society ; and the Gazette, Columbian, and two
other papers were consequently left without
hands. Of the subsequent proceedings of the
strikers, the following advertisement, in the
Gazette of Monday last, speaks for itself:
Oxe Hundred Dom.arh Reward.?We will
pay one hundred dollars for such information
as will lead to the detection and conviction of
the person or persons who cut the hoisting rope
of our forms, and thereby caused great loss and
endangered the lives of our hands.
Twenty-five dollars will be paid for such in
formation as will lead to the detection and con
viction of the persons who assaulted the carriers
of our paper.
Twenty-five dollars will be paid for the names
of the persons engaged In enticing away the
apprentices and employees of our office.
To thoee desiring employment in our compo
sition and press-room, and who are ready to
make their own arrangement*, wc will pay a
fair compensation.
An article accompanying this advertisement,
says that some of the carriers of the Gazette
had l>een robbed of their papers, and two of
them were thrown into the canal. The form
that fell through from the fifth to the first story
of the building, although endangering the lives
of the hands, did not break. Tne Gazette con
cludes by declaring its determination to stand
hereafter, wholly independent of the Printer's
U nion.
IW
(toiler Rx plosion.?The boiler in the foundry
of W. Bute*, of Frecporl, Pennsylvania, exploded
on the 25th ultimo, one and of it paasing through
the foundry and killing instantly a son of the pro
prietor and a citizen of Freeport, who happened
to be in the building at the time. A third person
wan severely scalded. The second portion of the
boiler was thrown several hundred feet into the
air, and, failing on a house near at band, nearly
demolished it.
Congressional.
THIRTY-THIRD CONQBKM.
J1H8T HUSSION.
Ill Seuate-H'ediiebday, December T, 1853*
j The Hon. Isaac P. Walkkk, Archibald Dixon,
and James Cooper attended.
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION 8.
The CHAIR laid before the Senate the annual
report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the
state of the finance*. Laid on the table and or
dered to be printed, together with 10,000 addition
al copies. ?
Also, a letter from the Secretary of the Treaau
3', inclosing u, statement of the accounts of the
re usurer of the United States for the third and
fourth quarters of the fiscal year ending June 30,
1852, and of the first and second quarters of the
fiscal year commencing July 1, 1853.
Also, the first annual report of the Superinten
dent of Printing.
ELECTION or CHAPLAIN.
On motion of Mr. JONES, of Iowa, the Senate
Eroceeded to the election of chaplain, with the tol
>wing result.
First ballot.?Whole number of votes 39 ; neces
sary to a choice, 20. Rev. Henry Slicer, Metho
dist Episcopal, 18; Rev. Wm. Hodges, Episcopa
lian, 13; R?v. Mr. Tustin, 3; Rev. Henry Ward
Beecher, 2; Rev. Mr. Chaplin, 3. No choice.
Second ballot.?Whole number 43; necessary
to a choice, 22: Slicer, 21; Hodges, 18; Tustin.
1; Beecher, 2; blank, 1.
Third ballot.?Slicer, 23; Hodge9, 19; Tustin,
1- Mr. Slicer having received a majority of the
whole number of votes was declared duly elected.
mail steamers to china.
Mr. GWIN presented the memorial of the Ori
ental and Pacihc Steam Navigation Company, pray
ing that a contract may be entered into with them
by the government for the transportation of the
mail between San Francisco aud China via the
Sandwich islands.
BILLS INTRODUCED.
Mr. GWIN, on leave, introduced bills of the
following titles:
A bill to authorize and direct the payment of
certain moneys into the treasury of the State of
California, which were collected in the ports of
said State as a revenue upon^ imports since the
ratification of the treaty of peace between the
United States and the republic of Mexico, tnd
prior to the admission of snid State into the Union.
Bill to refund to the State of California the ex
penses incurred in suppressing Indian aggressions
in that State.
An act to encourage agriculture, commerce,
manufactures, aud all other brauches of industry,
by granting to every man who is the head of a
family and a citizen of the United States, a home
stead of 160 acres of land out of the public do
main, upon condition of occupancy and cultiva
tion of the same for the period herein specified. .
NOTICES Or BILLS.
Mr. JOHNSON, of Arkansas, gave notice that
he would, at an early day, ask leave to introduce a
bill to grant to the States of Arkansas, Louisiana,
and Missouri, the right of way, and alternate sections
of the public lands to aid in the construction of a
railroad from Shreveport, in Louisiana, via Wash
ington, Fort Smith and Van Buren, in Arkansas,
and by Springfield and Independence, to St. Joseph,
in Missouri.
Mr. BRIGHT?to amend the standing rules of
the Senate, so as to change the number of members
constituting certain standing committees.
Mr. BENJAMIN?to grant to the State of Lou
isiana the right of way, and a donation of pub
lic land for the purpose of constructing a railroad
from New Orleans to the State line of Mississippi,
in the direction of the town of Jackson.
Mr. SLIDELL?granting to the State of Lou
isiana the right of way and donation of public
land for the purpose of locating and constructing
a railroad from Shreveport, to the Mississippi river,
in said State.
Also a bill granting to the State of Louisiana
the right of way, and a donation of the public
land, lor the purpose of constructing a railroad
from Algiers on the Mississippi river to the Sabine
river in said State.
SICKNESS AND MORTALITY Or EMI
GRANTS.
The following resolution, submitted on Monday
by Mr. FISH, was taken up and adopted.
JfesolMd, That a select committee of five be appointed
to consider the causes and the extent of the sickness and
mortality prevailing on board the emigrant ships on the
voyage to this country; and whether any, and what further
legislation is ueedod tor the better protection of the health
and lives of passengers on board such vessels.
UNITED STATES JUDICIAL SYSTEM.
The following resolution, submitted on Tuesday
by Mr. CLAYTON, was taken up and adopted:
Resolved, That the I'resident be respectfully requested
to present to the Senate the plan referred to in his mes
sage to Congress this day, and which he in prepared to
recommend, for the enlargement and modification of the
present judicial system of the United States.
ALEX. P. riELD.
On motion of Mr. GWIN, the Senate proceeded
to the consideration of the joint resolution from
the House for the relief of Alexander P. Field,
late secretary of Wisconsin Territory, and sure
tics; and it was amended, and then read a third
time and passed.
ELECTION OF PRINTER.
Mr. DODGE, ot? Wisconsin, submitted the lol
lowing resolution, and asked tor its present con
hideraiion:
Rttoiitd, That the Senate will proceed to the election of
a public printer, to do the public printing for the Thirty
third Congress, in accordance with the eighth section of
the " act to provide for executing the public printing, and
establishing the price* thereof, and for other purpose*,"
approved the 20th of August, 1862.
Mr. BRIGHT objected; and the resolution was
laid over.
On motion of Mr. DODGE, of Iowa,
Jittolvtd. That the Secretary of the Interior be requeu
ed to furnish a copy of the items of expenditure allowed at
different times for the surrey and marking of the north
ern boundary line of the State of Iowa, together with any
information in the possession of this department touching
the accuracy of said boundary line.
And then, on motion, the Senate adjourned.
House of Representative*.
Several additional members appeared to-day, and
qualified by taking the oath to support the Consti
tution of the United States.
ELECTION OP PRINTER.
On motion of Mr. H1BBARD, it waa?
Re sol ifd, That the House do now proceed to the election
of a public printer to the House of Representatives for the
presont Congress.
Messrs. Hibbard, Bocock, Chandler, and Ste
phens. of Georgia, were appointed tellers.
Mr. HIBBARD nominated Robert Armstrong.
Mr. GIDDINGS nominated Gamaliel Bailey.
Mr. PRESTON nominated Joseph Gales.
Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, nominated Horace
Greeley.
Mr. WALSII nominated Beverley Tucker.
The vote having been taken, the following waa
announced as the result:
Whole number of votes, 215. Necessary to a
choice, 110. Of which, Mr. Armstrong received
12fl ; Mr. Gales, 64 ; Mr. Tucker, 20 ; Mr. Bailey,
3; Mr. Greeley, 1; Mr. L. Towers, 1; Pryor, 1 j
Rives, 1; Gideon & Co., 1.
Mr. Armstrong having received a majority of all
the votes, was declared elected public printer.
The following is the vote in detail:
For Mr. Armstrong?Messrs. Aiken, Willis Al
len, David J. Bailey, Banks, jr., Bnrksdale, Barry,
Belcher, Bissell, Bliss, Bocock, Boyce, Boyd,
Breckenridge. Bridges, Chamberlain, Chaplain.
Chrisman, Churchwell, Clark, Clingman, Cobb,
Colquitt, Craige, Cumming, Curtis, John G.Davis.
Thos. Davis, Dawson, Dean, Dent, Disney, Dow
dell, Dunbar, Dunham. Eddy, Edgerton, Elliott,
Ellison, Faulkner, Fenton, Florence, Fuller, Gam
ble, Green, Greenwood, Grow. Hamilton. Andrew
J. Harlan, Sampson W- Harris, Wiley P. Harris,
Hastings, Hendricks, Henn, Hibbard, Hillyer,
Houston, Hughes, Ingersall, Johnson, Daniel T.
Jones, Geo. W. Jones, Kidwell, Kittredge. Kurtz,
Lamb, Lane, Latham, L*illy, Lindsay, Macdonald,
McDougal, McMullen, McNair, Mace, Macy,
Maxwell, May, Mayall, Smith Miller, Millson,
Morrison, Murray. Nichols, Noble, Olds. Orr, Pac
.ker, Bishop Perkins, John E. Perkins, jr., Phelps,
Philips, Pratt, Richardson, Riddle, Thos. Ritchcy,
Kohl.ins, jr., Rowe, Ruffin, Seward, Seymour,
Shannon, Shaw, Shower, Skelton, Samuel A.
Smith, William Smith, William R. Smith, Snod
grass, Frederick P. Stanton, Richard H. Stanton,
Stevens, Stratton, Straub, Andrew Stuart, David
Stuart, John J. Taylor, Thurston, Trout, Vail, Van
ssnt, Walbridgr, Walker, Warren, John Want
worth, Wcstbrook, Wright.
For Mr. Gales?Messrs. Abercrombie, Appletoij,
Ball. Benson. Bugg, Carpenter, Caruthers, Chand
ler, Chase, Cook, Corwin, Cox, Crocker, Culltim,
Dick, Dickinson, Etheridge, Everhart, Ewing,
Farley, Flagler, Franklin, Goodrich, Grey, Aaron
Harlan. Haven, liiester, Hi|l,*Howp, Hunt, Kerr,
Knox, Lindley, McCulloch. Matteson, Meacham,
Middleswarth, John G. Miller, Morgan, Norton,
Mordecai Oliver, Parker, Pennington, Preaton,
Pringle, Puryear, Ready, Reese, David Ritchie,
Rogers, Russell, Sabiu, Sage, Sanp, Simmons,
Alexander H. Stephens, John L. Taylor, Tracy,
I'pham. Elih 11 B.Washburtie. Israel Washburn, jr.,
Tampan Wentwortb, Yules. ZoUicoffer.
For Beverley Tucker?Messrs. Tlios. H. Bayly,
Boyce, Brooks. t'askie, Cutting, EaMinan, Ed
niundson, Goode, Letcher, Lyou. Maurice, An
drew Oliver. Peck, Peckh*m. Powell, Tweed,
Walsh, Wells. Wheeler. Witte.
For Gamaliel Bailey?Messrs. Giddings mid
Wade.
For John C. Rires?Mr. English.
For Horace Greeley?Mr. Lewis D. Campbell. )
For Gideon & Co.?Mr. Thomas H. Benton.
Fer Lemuel Tower#?Mr. Bennett.
For Roger II. Pryor?Mr. McQueen.
F I K A X CI A L REPORTS.
The SPEAKER laid before the House the re
port of the Secretary of the Treasury, on the sub
ject of the finance*; which was ordered to be re
ferred to the Committee of Ways find Means.
On motion of Mr. HOUSTON, the Committee 1
oo Printing were directed to inquire iuto the pro
priety of printing fifteen thousand extra copies of
the report.
The report of the treasurer was likewise laid
before the House and ordered to be printed.
MK S8ENQBR.
Mr. OLDS ottered a resolution, which was
adopted, providing for the appointment of un addi
tional messenger by the Speaker, at u compensa
tion not exceeding four dollars a day.
Mr. BAYLY had ineffectually endeavored to
amend the resolution, by providing that the House
librarian shall be elected, instead of appointed by
the Clerk.
The Slates and territories were called for peti
tions, and a large number w ere presented.
Various notices of the intention to introduce
bills were given.
The bill from the Senate to indemnify the State
of Indiana for the failure of title to n township of
land granted to said State, on her admission into
the I nion in 1810, was taken up, when
Mr. DURHAM moved that it be put on its pas
sage.
Debates ensued, and at its termination, the bill
was referred to tbe Committee of the Whole
Hou ?e.
ELECTION OK CHAPLAIN.
The House proceeded to the election of a chap
lain, and on counting the vote, the following was
announced as the result:
Rev. Mr. Tustin, 58; Rev. Mr. Millburn, 56;
Rev. Mr. Teasdale, 33; Rev. Mr. Westbrook, 14;
Rev. Mr. Ilolmead, 14; Rev. Mr. Jackson, 11;
Rev. Mr. Chapin, 5; Rev. Mr. Beecher, 2; Rev.
Mr. Hosmer, 2; Rev. Mr. Hodges, 2; Rev. Mr.
Hutchinson, 1; Rev. Mr. Donnelly, 1; Miss An
toinette Brown, 1. Total 200. (The last named
vote was given by Mr. Mike Walsh.) Necessary
to a choice, 101.
There being no election, the House again voted
with the following result:
Rev. Mr. Millburn, 117; Rev. Mr. Teasdale, 22;
Rev. Mr. Tustin, 55; Rev. Mr. Holmead, 4; Rev.
Mr. Jackson, 1; Miss A. Brown, 1. Necessary to
a choice. 101.
Mr. Millburn (formerly chaplain of fhe House,
and connected with the Methodist Episcopal
Church South) was declared elected.
And the House adjourned.
Affairs In Cuba.
RxtracU of the Herald's Correspondence.
To commence, then, with the highest per
sonage in this island. The Captain General
Cauedo will shortly take his departure from
Cuba, his successor, General Pezuela, being
momentarily expected?nay, he may possibly
arrive before this letter is closed, he having
left Spain in a war steamer on the 11th instant.
Not a sylnble in the shape of regret will, 1
venture to affirm, be uttered at General Cane
do's departure. He has doue no one act cal
culated to win the affections or to command
the respect of the inhabitants of Cuba. Haughty,
vain, and addle-pated, ho is universally declared
to be without sufficient force of intellect or
energy of character to know which course is
the wiser to pursue, or to do it when he has
arrived at a conclusion.
Antonio Quiaterio, who caused the soldiers
recently at Cardenas to take themselves off the
island, it is reported has been condemned to
suffer the death penalty by the garotte. It
would not surprise me if this act led to a public
outbreak.
A regiment of soldiers recently left this city
for the western part of the island, and two
Spanish war steamships have departed within
a few days, but where bound or on what erraud
no one knows, except, perhaps, the administra
dor of the marine department.
A disgraceful murder was committed on the
morning of the 23d instant, by Jose Perez,
upon the person of his wife, Dona Matilde
Dominquez, a very pretty actress of the Tacon
theatre. The murdered woman had played the
preceding night as Louisa, in the semi-opera
comiqne called " El Valle de Andorraand
her husband, who is a gambler, having de
manded money of her, behind the scenes,
which she refused to give him, conceived the
horrible idea of sending her to " her long ac
count, with all her sins unrepented of."
Jose Perez afterwards attempted to murder
himself. In this, however, he aid not succeed.
He still lives, although in great danger. The
mother of the murdered woman wa3 murdered
by her husband, and, it is said, with the self
same stage dagger with which this horrible
deed was done. The murdered woman was
stabbed in no less than forty-two different
places. A more brute-like muriler was scarce
ly ever heard of.
You may form some opinion of the state of
the press of this island, when I inform you
that only one of the four morning papers pub
lished here contained a syllable next morning
respecting this murder. The cause of this si
lence is attributable to the murdered and mur
derer being Creoles?of so little account are
this class of persons held in Cuba, amongst
the Spaniards.
Senor Garcia, the large segar importer of
our city and Havana, died recently, after a
rief illness from apoplexy. His daughter ar
rived here just in time to see him before his
death.
A circular has been issued to the captains of
the several counties, into which the island is
divided, authorizing them to cull upon all per
sons whom they may suspect of a want of loy
alty to the Spanish government, to make a
tender of their " lives and property" to the gov
ernment of this island, ana which " tender ' is
to be accepted in the event of any attack being
made upon Cuba by any foreign foe. Should
the suspected " parties'' refuse to make this
"tender," then they are to be tried as traitors
to the Statej by a " military tribunal." What
think you of this act of moderation on the part
of General Canedo, on the eve of his depart
ure ? Is it not conciliatory?
The forthcoming crop of sugar, it is stated,
will be a short one. Dry weather and the
cholera having caused the death of the negroes
and affected the canes injuriously. Next year's
crop is, however, spoken of hopefully; by that
period, new negroes, it is trusted, will be im
rted. So Messrs. Cruisers, if you are in earnest,
on the qui vive. By the way, did Great Bri
tain in reality desire to put down the slave
trade, how readily might she do so, by sur
rounding this island and Porto Rico with her
cruisers,
Can you inform the Americans sojourning in
Cuba when the harbor of the Havana is likely
to be graced with a visit from a United States
vessel of war?
?*?#**
The past week we had one of those death
jars in our midst, which shocks social relations
by the sequence of secret crime laid bare and
exposed to public commentary. The actress,
Matilda Domingnez, was killed by her husband,
Don Jose Francisco Yaldez, early in the morn
ing of the 23d, and the circumstances brought
to light in connection with the tragedv, involve
the nonor and dignity of one high in official
rank. Report says that the lady supped at the
country residence of that functionary after
leaving the theatre on the night of the 22d, and
because she would not forego the engagement
at the request of her husband, he met her on
her return, with a knife inflicting many mortal
wounds, and then attempted his own destruc
tion, in which he failed. The mother of this
lady c?mc to her death in the same way, by the
hands of her husband, and that husband, with
more nerve than the wretch Valdez, struck
a truthful blow to his own heart. One of the
views of tliit) strange tale of woe and crime is,
that the wife was sold by the husband, and
forced to live in immoral associations, for the
purpose of feeding his licentious wants and dis
sipation, and therefore the singularity of the
sudden madness, under the instigation of which
he put her to death, and affected justification
in letters written under the impression that he
would destroy himself as well as his long-de
laded wife, implicating others, but chiefly the
nl have named. As to being the cause of
, or cause of jealousy, that would be im
possible, for all the crime committed by the
lady wus of his own initiation, and by his ex
press commands, and for which he took always
immediate possession of the compensation
made to the victim of his foul and demon pas
sions. There are a thousand stories in connec
tion with this crime, which are too offensive for
repetition; but it has cast a gloom and shadow
over every circle of the community for the hour,
owing to the reputation and talents of the lady
as an actress, she being a great favorite with
our theatre-going public, and crowds of people,
with sorrow-stricken hearts, followed her re
mains to their restiug place.
The husband lives to expiate this offence,
aud a thousand crimes of deepest dye at the
garote, which will have to hang upon the war
rant of General Canedo, unless General Pizuela
should arrive in the course of a few days, and
he will be due here on the morrow according to
Alll* fl^VIAOO
From Oie New fork Herald.
The Vera Cruz and Mexican Railroad.
His excellency the President of the republic
has issued the following decree:
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, benemerito,
general of division, grand cross of the royal
and distinguished order of Carlos III. of Spain,
and president of the Mexican republic, to all
to whom these presents come, know all men
that, according to the powers conferred upon
him by the nation, he decrees as follows:
Article 1. To Don Juan Laurie Richards is
conceded the exclusive right to construct and
aud carry out a railroad from Vera Cruz to
Mexico, passing by Puebla.
Art. 2. The route from Vera Cruz to Puebla
shall be through the lands recognized as most
convenient, and the route from Puebla to Mex
ico will be by the plains of Apan.
Art. 3. The grounds needed for the construc
tion of the road, for the officers' dwellings, or
workshops wanted for the building and conduct
of the said road, shall be furnished the directors
free of all cost, and in perpetual possession, see
ing the great advantages which must result to
the present owners of such lands because of
their neighborhood to the railway.
Art. 4. The materials for the road, whether
natufal or foreign productions, all goods, etc.,
which may be necessary for the use and service
of the agents, employees, and laborers, as well
as all kinds of carriages, cars aud other vehi
cles for transport, all machines, tools, houses,
offices, dwellings, stations, coal, animals and
their harness necessary, shall be free of all du
ty, taxation, contribution or impost now exist
ing, or hereafter to exist, of whatever class or
denomination.
Art. 5. The government will assure to the
company its properties and its foreign em
ployees the protection which existing treaties
guarantee to such foreigners, as well for their
persons as for their property and interests.
Art. 6. All Mexican employees, operatives,
and laborers, shall be exempt from military
service during the time of their engagement
with the said company.
Art. 7. The Scnor Juan Laurie Richards en
gages to form and constitute the said company
within eight months from the granting ot this
privilege, and will officially advise the Mexican
plenipotentiary in London of the formation
and installation of said company, its statutes
and its regulations, for publication in the Mex
ican republic.
Art. 8. The company's headquarters will be
in London, and one-fourth of the shares shall
be reserved, during one year, for the inhab
itants of the Mexican republic who may desire
to purchase, and a subscription book for this
purpose shall be opened in Mexico.
Art. 9. So soon as the company shall be
formed, numerous engineers shall proceed to
survey the lands which shall be found most fa
vorable to the course which the railway shall
pursue, and when the survey shall have been
made wholly or in part, the plans shall be sub
mitted to the supreme government, and, per
mission obtained, the works shall be begun.
In case of any uuforseen obstacle which shall
render the construction of a railway impossible
at one or more points, the company shall con
struct a carriage road to communicate with the
separated points of the railway, and this cir
cumstance shall be considered as of absolute
necessity, and shall in no way furnish a motive
for the withdrawal of this grant.
Art. 10. As soon as the official notice of the
formation of this company is received in Mexi
co, skillful persons shall be chosen, one by the
government and one by the company, to value
that part of the road which is now built, its
cars, nouses, offices, utensils, and whatever else
they snail choose a third, whose decision shall
be definitive and obligatory upon all contract
ing parties. At the conclusion of this valua
tion, the road, its carriages, offices, and appur
tenances shall be given to the company in per
petual possession, at a rent of six per cent, up
on the valuation of the property.
Art. 11. Before the railway is finished and
opened to the public, the company shall advise
with the supreme government as to the rate of
charges for passengers, freight, and baggage.
Art. 12. It is further agreed and covenanted
that this grant shall extend itself, on the same
conditions, to any branch or branches which
the company may see fit to establish, subject
to the approbation of the supreme govern
ment.
Art. 13. Once finished, the road from Vera
Cruz to Mexico, and the branches named in
the last article, together with all their appurte
nances, shall be considered as the company's
property in perpehium.
Art. 14. The transport of the mails by this
railway, or its branches, shall be the subject of
a separate contract or contracts when the proper
time arrives. .
Art. 15. In return for these concessions by
the supreme government, the company binds
itself to transport the troops and employees of
the government, when on service, as well as
the government munitions and other effects, at
half the cost demanded of the public. The
government shall also receive ten per cent on
the dividend paid to shareholders. Also, the
company shall admit the engineers designated
by government to an opportunity of completing
their theoretic studies by practice in the sur
veys and construction of the road and its
branches, and promises to employ, by permis
sion of the supreme government, such of them
as are fully qualified.
Art. 16. Should any doubt arise about the
interpretation or execution of the present con
tract, the said doubt shall be decided by two
referees, one named by the government and
the other by the company, and should they dis
agree, they shall choose a third, from whose
decision there shall be no appeal.
1. If the company be not formed in Lon
don in six months from this date, the contract
becomes null and void.
2. If "the nationality of the company be not
Anglo-Mexican, it is likewise null.
3. If the company be formed in six months
or sooner, on the day of its installation the
company shall guarantee to the Mexican minis
ter in l^ondon, validly and satisfactorily, the
execution and completion of the railway.
This contract is ordered to be printed, pub
lished and circulated.
Given at the palace of the national govern
ment in Tacubaya, this 31st of October, 1863.
Antonio Lopez dk Santa Anna,
A. D. Joaquin Velabquks dc Leon.
Should these persons disagree,
additional articles.
fotal anb ||trsonal.
Au Llvll Spirit*?Some people seem ever to
be exposed to danger. Escaping from one peril,
another immediately besets them, and throughout
life they realize the truth of the remark of the
great dramatic |>oet, that
" MUfurtuueH never cvine u single kplea,
But hIwbvh in battiHona."
We heard, recently, of a man who, traveling
hitherwards from the north, wus followed by a fe
mule to Baltimore, in which citv she made an at
tempt upon his life with one of those weapons
which, eveu when empty, do not inspire the most
agreeable feelings when cocked and pointed at the
head; in other words, she sought to redress her
reul or imaginary wrongs by communicating a
messenger of lead to the penetrable body of her
fleeing victim, But somehow, she failed to be
come a man-slayer. However, acting upon the
advice to childteu in the "juvenile books,"
" If ut first you don't succeed,
Try, try again,"
she followed the man to Washington, and narrow
ly watched all his movements, still beCi upon dis
turbing his anatomical construction. A favorable
opportunity presenting itself, the obtained admis
sion to the house in which he happened to be,
early in the evening, representing herself at the
piivate door as his wife. So the story goes.
The poor fellow was lying on a sofa at the time,
calm, composed, probably apprehending no danger
to life or limb; but, glancing in the direction
whence came light footsteps, he was horrified by
the female whom he so much dreaded. She held
in her right hand a dagger?not like the one which
Macbeth saw in his perturbed musings, a shad
owy outline, but one having substance, and which
glittered in the gaslight. .
But we will not attempt to describe the scene
which followed; nor pretend to account for au
escape from threatened death. It must have been
a fearful moment; for, however brave we may all
be in our philosophy, but few can "smile at the
dagger, and defy its point."
The woman, fortunately, was arrested before
putting her threat into execution; and, on bejug
searched, a six-barrelled revolver was found on
her person. Having been taken before a magis
trate, she was released by him on condition that
she would leave the city; a promise with which
she has complied.
As to who the parties are, and when and in
what locality the scene Was enacted, does not
matter.
The above is merely given as one of the pass
ing incidents of this gay metropolis.
Au Unexpected Abseuce*?In the criminal
court, yesterday, William Micnkins, the keeper of
a clothing store, was arraigned on a charge of
grand larceny, for having stolen from II. Colledge
two coats, a pair of pautaloons, a vest, and ugold
pen; the value of all which wus estimated in tho
indictment at $45 50. Eloquent and earnest plead
ings ensued, against and in behalf of the accused,
when the jury retired. Having come to a deter
mination in the case, they re-entered the court
room for the purpove of rendering their verdict,
but his honor declined receiving it, for the reason
that the prisoner, availing himself of a favorable
opportunity, hud quietly departed, unobserved by
the court, otiicers, and spectators ! Being on bail,
he was not plaeed in the dock, but had been priv
ileged to occupy a seat near the congregation of
"learned counsel." Some of his immediate friend*
were anxious lust night to know what the verdict
was, but this cannot be ascertained until the ab
sentee shall again make his appearance in court.
German Economic Reading Lamp.?It in
of some importance to authors, and others who
have occasion to employ artificial light in their vo
cations, to obtain it in as pure a way as possible,
so that it will not impair the sight. We have in
the above-named article this great essential. The
blaze is soft and brilliant, und gives as much light
as is obtained from any ordinary gas-burner., No
heat arises front it, th?"rt? being various apertures
in the lamp for it to cscnpe. It is exceedingly
simple, and easily adjusted ; and oneofits peculiar
advantages is its economy, the cost being less
than one cent per hour. O. S. Whittlesey, on 7th
street, is the sole agent, where we recommend
those who are suffering from impure lights to call
and examine for themselves.
Harping.?As we looked in at one of the prin
cipal hotels last night, a youth was delighting the
auditory with performances upon that noble in
strument. the harp, which is associated especially
with Jewish reminiscences. The strings boldly
and loudly vibrated the most popular airs to the
touch of his lingers. The listeners, a large num
ber of them, quietly remained in their seats; no
human voice was heard, and every one seemed
charmed into silence by the melody. How difl'er
from the noisy excitement sometimes experienced
in that gathering place of politicians! A concert
of .Mollis compared to the boisterous organ tone*
of old Boreas.
' ?
Chaplains to Congress?The Rev. Henry
Slicer has been elected Chaplain to the Senate,
and the Rev. Wm. H. Milburn Chaplain to the
House. The first named is a preacher of the
Methodist Episcopal church, and formerly occu
pied the position of chaplain to the Senate; the
latter was likewise chaplain to the House several
years since, and is attached to the Methodist Epis
copal church, south. The Hon. Mike Walsh gal
lantly cast his vole in the House for the Rev. An
toinette Brown.
School of Design.?As one good result of the
Metropolitan Mechanics' Institute, which has been
in operation scarcely a year, a school of design is
immediately to be formed ; the number of pupil*
being limited. A fine opportunity is thus offered,
on easy terms, to the youth of the city, to acquire
a knowledge of drawing; an accomplishment
which cannot foil to be useful in adult age.
Target-Firing.?The new and beautiful mili
tary corps, the National Guard, intend, to-day, to
engage in target-tiring; the best marksman to re
ceive an elegant silver cup. (manufactured to order
by Gait and Brother.) from the officers of the com
pany. fThe second best will be rewarded with a
gold medallion.
A Midnight Wedding.?The Boston Herald
relates this romantic incident which ocr-yred in
that city, last week:
A young and talented Episcopal clergyman of
Montreal was waiting in Boston for the arrival
of his betrothed from England, in the steamer
Niagara, and had made arrangements to havo
the matrimonial knot tied without delay. The
steamer did not come until eleven o'clock in the
evening, and the lovers, who had not Been each
other for three years, repaired to the church of
the Advent, in Green street, as soon as practica
ble.. The sexton lighed a couple of tapers, the
bishop, dressed in his canonicals, came in, and the
ceremony was performed in the presence of the
sexton and the superintendent of the Revere
House, who gave away the bride. The twain
where made one flesh just as the clock struck 12.
It was an impressive scene?the dimly lighted
church, the trusting bride, who had a few min
utes before arrived alone in a stranee land, at
midnight, was pronouncing those solemn vows
which were to place her under the protection of
her only friend on this side of the Atlantic.
The last dog ?torjr is from Fayetteville,
Arkansas, where a farmer sdog ha*been detected
in going to the hog pen at night, and biting one of
the hogs till he gets nn, when "Archy" lie* down
in the warm place and goe* to *leep.

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