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SPEECH OF THE HON. NIKE WALSH,
Or NIW YORK, ,Q tk? Houae of RepreieuUtlret, January 17, 1864. The House being in Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union? Mr. HOUSTON said: I move that the commit tee now take up for consideration House bill No. 47 making appropriations for the support of the Military Academy, for the year ending the 30th of June. 1855. The question was taken, and the motion was agreed to. ihe Clerk tbeu read the bill through by sec tions for ainenduieut. The CHAIRMAN. The question will be on hiyuijj aside bill No. 47, and reporting il to the M, WALSH Mr. Speaker, I wish to inquire Sii vraUiJ8 allowed on these bills. The CHAIRMAN. The widest latitude is al lowed to gentlemen, according to the practice of the committee, on any of the general appropria tion bills. rr r \|r" li?VuiIA*TTllen> Mr. Chairman, I v, HOUSTON. Will the gentleman from New York yield the floor I Mr. \\ ALSH. The gentleman from New York will certuiuly yield the floor to a gentleman who is always entitled to it. Mr. HOUSTON. I ain just going to ask the gentleman froin New Y'ork to let the committee report that bill to the House, and then take up the deficiency bill, when he will have au opportunity to mate a speech. Mr. WALSH. I shall dispense with making u speech, and yield the floor. 1 have no particular desire to make a speech. The question, that House bill 47 should be laid aside to be reported to the House, with a recom mendation that it do pass, was agreed to. Mr. HOUSTON. 1 now ask that House bill No. 49, being a bill to supply the deficiencies in the appropriations tor the service of the fiscal year ending 3lhh of June, lS54.be taken up for con sideration. The question was taken, and the motion was agreed to. The Clerk read the first clause of the bill. Mr. WAL?H. Mr. Chairman, 1 do not pro pose to detain the House at any length; neither do 1 propose to make what is called a set speech; but, from the evident disposition manifested by this House, no other opportunity will probably occur wherein I shall be enabled to say anything upon the subject of which 1 now propose to speak. On a previous occasion 1 felt called upon, in re ply to some remarks made by gentlemen on this floor, to say that, it a time should arrive rendering it necessary for the deinocracyjof New York to speak out in their own vindication, that voice would be uttered in language which the meanest and dullest understanding, not willully blinded to the truth, could not fail to clearly and fully com prehend. In using the word "democracy," I of course meant to be understood as alone referring to that patriotic, chivalrous, and self-sacrificing party which, whether iu the pride of victory and plenitude of power, or amid the resolute and un despairing vicissitudes ol deleat. has ever upheld and preserved the Constitution in the purity and unshaken integrity ofits letter and its spirit, against the open assaults of insane, though perhaps not dishonest, fanatics, and the more wily, dangerous and dastnrdly machination* of that most despica ble, mercenary, aud hollow-hearted set of wretched renegades and ingrate traitors, who, at the mixed pepper-and-salt convention held at Buffalo in 1B4S. Iiuiernized, with such a brazen and pertinacious assumption ol well dissembled sincerity, with dis loyal wbigs, rampant abolitionists, aad long-heeled negroes, pampered into the most intolerable iuso leuce by the treacherous artifices of pitiful dema gogues, whose hearts and purposes were blacker than the sooty faces ol the poor benighted dupes they were deluding. 1 used the word "democ racy then as 1 use it now, as 1 ever have used aud ever shall use it j for, whatever the present cabinet may be in this resect?and beyond its ser vile panders and profligate parasites it is, I appre hend, a matter of the slightest possible consequence to any one what it is?the democratic party is ever has been, and ever will remain an indivisible' unit. 0 I hose, who in unselfish recklessness revolt against its authority, as well as those who from a like cause temporarily disregard its ennobling and humanizing precepts during the sunshine of its prosperity and power, it has always, on a frank and proper acknowledgement of their errors, free ly, lully, and magnanimously forgiven ; but those wtio basely betray and desert it in the hour ofits ?lark, dreary, and perilous trial, must come back, H at all permitted to do so, in sackcloth and ashes as humble penitents?and in that capacity attest, by the humility of their demeanor, and the readi ot their efforts to atone for past apostaey, the sin cerity of their contrition and the completeness of their reformation, before they can ever be again In'.? anything like full communioo. This sir, as we are all aware, is, and has lone been?at least among the trnly orthodox and faith ful a well established rule in the church; and I see no good reason why a few years peoitent pro bation on the anxious seat can prove otherwise than productive of the most healthy and purifying effect upon the corrupt morals and depraved hearts of political backsliders. The time to which 1 then passingly alluded as requiring the New Y'ork democracy to thus speak has, in my opinion, already more than fully arrived; and. though 1 have been anxiously desirous that some one else among my associates should give utterance to our views, the fact that they have all declined doing so would render further silence on my part culpa* hie, and subject the noble party which in part I have the honor to represent to unjust and invid ious imputations. bm'r/,?Wu have k0?6' n?' 0nly in comparative, s.len T es,'t"'al'?n ot many) ,n ignominious silt nee, the mo?t flagrant wrongs, the mot! perse vering persecutions, troui those whom we elevated to power on principles which they strenuously preached in theory, but which. 1 regret to sav lice VC a shamelessly vtolated in prae With them our forbearance lias but served as an incentive to renewed and aggravated aggres sion ; and. notwithstanding the bitter les.on7dm.n latered by the triumphnnt result of onr la?t elec tion in New York?a lesson which, to men not in toxicated with power unwisely conferred, and vet more unwisely not to say ungratefully and auda ciously exercised, would have proved as unmis takable and instructive as it was unexpected the administration actually still seems to egregiouslv underrate aud totally misunderstand the true char acter of the men with whose over-taxed patience fling 6 80 * "lupidly and insanely tri Every opportunity has been afforded them to partially retrieve their blunders, and make what ever reparation the case would now admit of, for the unexampled outrages perpetrated upon us; but, so far from availing themselves of the golden opportunity thus generously presented, they have, with the most inexplicable obtuseness, construed our magnanimity into cowardice, our forbearance into slavish submission. i" *'r> have. ?? will soon learn to ^'l,er c??t, been laboring under a most n,Mrt,ke-ye?. under a fatal and sui cidal delusion?and I can therefore no longer re main passive, with a just regard for my own self owHo 8 becomin? ?PP^ciation of what I owe to the character and dignity of the time honored party to which 1 belong?a party ita remembrance of whose virtues, services a?d un,,eviating devotion to principle,' will live embalmed in the respect and affections of all honorable, intelligent, and patriotic men long, long after the corrupt nndinronjrruoiu sr:r'zs w,hr'\,,ow "urround a?d 2*K are resolved back into the conflicting elements of ^eletVn?eyt^n,rt' a"d lhe offK:,al ' skeletons of their huckstering leaders are left dangling from the gibbets io which public exe <.ration and condemnation has consigned them as an impressive warning to all future political male factors. It is high time the miserable, pettifogging mysticism in which this whole question has been oart?? II ,ny?h;tHl b>' unprincipled and interested pdfed thoroughly and forever dis The misrepresentations, so meanly, sneakinirlv and persevenngly circulated m referenJe to our motives, our acts, our present position, and our purest, boldest, and able.t ttJn, have been ? gross, so numerous, and soatroeioi.. .kJ. 7; t. i?h ,;d dJSS"! "Mb, .1 ".r, h.iJt ZZ r.nee from the polluting and deadly embrace ?f this flimsy sophistry. Man, whose first and high est aim .. the faithful aad fearless performance of the duly due their country and their race, regard with equal indifference both the smiles and the I row us ol those high in power, no matter how im perious and unscrupulous they may have proved themselves in Us exercise. I have no disposition to say.ttuythiug severe or disrespectful of IVesi '7- j er"?nally, 1 entertainqu.te a decent regard tor him, and have no doubt that regard ,M,Wfrf Simply a private hi izrn instead of a President flu lighter 1 ?iM.it.'f'T'lm" ? ESShZZ k>d I0rt..?, ,o Income I, would |,?r j me great pleasure if hi* course bud been sti<li a* 1 could have warmly approved, lie has al ways treated me with marked kindneaa and ap parent confidence, though it may he his policy or game to treat most people in a aimilar manner: and if it is so, i shall of course he eompelIe<b| to deduct a* very heavy per canlage from the otherwise seeming high compliment to myselt. (Laughter.) So peculiarly softening and seduc tive is he in this respect, that 1 have studi ously avoided calling upon him silica the opening of Congress, as I am too conscious of the frailly of my own poor, weak, unsophisticated nature, when subjected to such seductive influences, from even one of my own sex. to wantonly expose my self to such dangerous iullueuces. In tins respect he reminds me of the etfeel, produced, during the passage across from France, by the manners and conversation of Napoleon, on Ihe old Commander of the Bellerophon. The mighty hut now fallen and captive conqueror was very anxious, on arri-.| ving iu England, to obtain an interview with King George from the ministers who were scut to see him. They received the proposition favorably; hut. on asking the commander with whom he came I over what would iu his opiuion he the policy of such a step, he promptly replied : "If?n it, sir. it will never do; 1 know it wout; if you once let them have live minutes' conversation together. they will become the best friends iu the world." 1 know the President's winning ways, and also uiy own susceptibility, and I desire to avoid certain cousequences which might possibly result from a too great intimacy between us. From what I have said, no gentleman will, 1 presume, suppose for a moment that.I am going to use any unkind ex pressions towards that high functionary. 1 simply propose to set forth a few facts, from which gen tlemen must draw their own inferences. Sir. the position which the New York democracy has really and unwaveringly occupied, throughout this severe and protracted struggle has been grossly and shamelessly misrepresented. The contest which had its tiual and glorious issue iu the last election may be justly said to have regu larly commenced iu the early part of 1S44. Those who were particularly conspicuous in their base and traitorous efforts to defeat General Cass, by the suppoit of Van Bureu and the Buffalo platform in 1&4S, had then arrayed themselves with equal bitterness, though with less boldness and more secrecy, against the annexation of Texas. They are the same individuals who got up and eon ducted the great anti-annexation meeting in the Tabernacle in 1M4, and who in the same year sent their secret circulars throughout the whole State, calling upon their fellow-traitors, while voting for Silas Wright (who voted ngainst annex ation in the United States Senate) lor governor, to use their best exertions to defeat Polk for Pre sident. The result of this, as must reudily be re membered, was, that the vote for the latter fell several thousand behind the former ; and had their treacherous organization been as thoroughly ma tured then as it was subsequently in 164M, the re sult of their infamous ingratitude and treasonable malice, towards a party whose only crime had been that of having been too profusely liberal iu bestowing uumerited favors ou them, would have proved quite as disastrous to our cause. But it is unnecessary to trace them through all t^le subsequent sinuosities of their treasonable cru sade, and it would at present be but an unpar donable waste of time to descant ou the several disguises which they have assumed, with such cool effrontery, with the view of successfully con cealing their real purpose from the people. Their course is now known to all. The world never beheld a more sublime spectacle than that pre sented by the democracy in 1?4S, when, casting patronage to'fhe wind, they stood boldly forth, de fending the integrity of the Constitution against (f-ckless and unprincipleddemagogues, who, taking advantage of the feverish excitement of a popular election, were endeavoring to create a bitter sec tional feeling in the north, rapidly alienating our people, and arraying oiy; portion of our people iu hostility against the other, threatening to subvert the Constitution, and eutail irretrievable ruin ou the whole country. Sir, alter the result of that election?and as I promised not to delaiu the llouse long, I shall very brielly touch upon the few points to Which I am about to refer?they found that the people whom they had been leudiug blindly astray, began to discover the cheat which had been so shamefully practised on them ; that a returning conciousness was fast awakening thein to a stinging sense of the fatal error into which they had been led. This, sir, it was which Martin Van Buren called the "sober second thought of the peopleand it is the only sen tence he ever uttered which will bear repetition ; (much laughter;) and that " #obtr second-thought of the people" has already consigned him and his associate traitors to an ignominious oblivion, from which not even the archangel's trumpet shall ever awaken them. (Renewed laughter.) Sir, through that sober second-thought, the de j termined good sense and returning patriotism of | the people had effectually, and as it seemed for ever, stricken treason to the dust. There it would have quietly remained and rotted, had it not been for the strange and stupid course pursued by this administration in galvanizing it again into life and active being by the warming influence of its smiles .and patronage. The triumphant election of whom soever might be nominated by the convention which was to assemble in June at Baltimore was for a long time previous freely admitted by all to have been a foregone conclusion. Any man, the record of whose past history was sound on the great and only question of the contest, would if he had received the nomination, have been elected just as easily and triumphantly a& was Franklin Pierce. No one knew this better than the Buf | ialo traitors of 1846. and, plainly foreseeing that the overwhelming tide of indignant public senti ment was about to sweep them and all others who should attempt to obstruct its onward progress into hopeles? oblivion?finding that a storm was coming, which they had neither the manhood to brave nor the ability to successfully resist?find ing that they stood in the position of so many rat tlesnakes. with their poisonous fangs extracted, with the same disposition to strike, but without the power to harm?they basely and sneakingly crawled upon a platform, which the administration organ (the Union) now says was only meant as a delusion and a cheat, but which the President and his cabinet practically declares, by their appoint ments, must be regarded as a clean wiping out of all past sins. Now, sir, in 1^52, the democracy of the country met in the Baltimore convention, and a platform was there laid down upon which General Pierce was nominated. If he received that nomination, as has been said, without a pledge, lie did not re ceive the votes of the people of the United States without a pledge ; because, in his letter of accept ance, he said, distinctly ami emphatically, that he accepted the nomination with the accompanying resolutions, not because those resolutions were a condition of the nomination, but because they were in strict keeping with every act ol his past political life. How has that pledge been carried out in his appointments to office ? And had it not been for the position assumed by General Cass and the patriotic men who stood by him in defencc of the Constitution during the memorable struggle of 164b, there would have been no triumphant democratic party in 16W, to have elected Franklin Pierce or any other man who might have received the nomination. And here let me tell gentlemen that if, they sup pose that the opposition to the administration comes from those who have been disappointed of lice-seekers. they sadly underrate the character of the men with whom they have to deal. If they suppose there is any disposition upou the part of the democracy of Ihe Slate of New York to make war upon the administration, they are wrong. But when the admistratiou undertook to interfere in our local electious, when they sent forth the mandate that Gieene C. Bronson must do their dirty work?and if they were deceived in Mr. Brouson'a character, it wait their own fault, for the democracy of New York never asked that he should l*e appointed?if they ex|?ected to find a poor, servile tool in Judge Bronson, and found an honorable, high-minded man, it was their fault, and not ours?when they uttered a threat to interfere in our elections, under the misserable expectation that we were weak, and our adversaries were strong, we heard the mandate in sorrow; wa hurled back the threat with contempuous indig nation; we defied its power, und ultimately triumphed to our hearts'content. We triumphed, ?ir, against all the power and all the appliances of the administration. And let me tell the friends of the administration in this House now, thnt when the next election comes they will find that triumph ten times more signal than it was before. Those who wera Van Buren abolitionists or barnburners in 1648, finding their old names and principles odious with the people, have changed the one, and affect to have abandoned the other. By this m?ans they have formed a sort of bnMard alliance with the most mercenary portion of those who claim to have been, if not with, at least not against us in 1M6, and have conjointly assumed the title of "soils." (Laughter.) We are the democracy, and are called in contradistinction " bards." Well, what is a " hard ?" The beat illustration of anything hard is the diamond, and it is a fair representation of our purity and hardness. | Laugbtcr.J We all know what nofl means in morals. A man sort in morals is open to any ras cality. |Renewed laughter.| We also under stand what is meant intellectually by a soft-bead, or even a soft spot in it. A to/) m politics is pretty much Ihe same ihing?simply, an individual whose moral* and politic# nrc of the putty character, and who is ready to accomodate himself to auything which promise, uront. [Great laughter.) Last winter I had a conversational the capitol at Albany, with one of our State officer*, touching this business of having been found in '48, which will perhaps explain my views upon that subject a.? well and as briefly as anything I cuii say on the I subject. ... i " Mike," said he, "do you not consider it un- 1 generous aud unfair iu you to be questiouiug the I present sincerity of men who were true in 1*?18 I " Were you true in '48?" I inquired. "Was'nt I he replied. " You may have been negatively so, I but I did'nt hear of your doing anything, and don l I know that you could have done much, ii you hud I even felt so disposed," I continued. " What do I you mean ?" he asked. " Provided you were I square in '48, does it follow that you must be re- I garded bh square now Certainly, he said. I ?' Not unless I have read history to very little 1 profit. Benedict Arnold was universally regarded I as a heroic und sincere patriot, until there was u | sudicient amouut of British gold offered lor his I treason ; and, unless my theological knowledge is I equally deficient. Judas lscariot was esteemed an I humble aud true follower of our Saviour, until those thirty pieces of stiver were shoved at him. I (Laughter.) 1 can therefore readily understand how h corrupt and mercenary man, when secretly 1 offered to be helped into positions fur beyond the I measure of his merits, by those who were form- I e.rly arrayed against hnu, can readily play the part I of an Arnold or Iscariot." The only difference, I Mr. Chairman, betweeu a " soft" and a legitimate I abolitionist, is tjiat the one is in the decomposing process. [Laughter.) Now, sir, I wish, so far as I am concerned, to I be distinctly understood in this committee; and I I believe what I say will not conflict at all with the 1 opinions of our friends. We do not propose to I array ourselves against anything democratic which I may come through the administration, any more I than we would be governed in our action, pro- I vided the administration were opposed to it. The I democratic party, as it formerly existed, was a I parly of well-defined and universally understood I principles ; but the course which has been pursued I latterly, of recognising the claim of factionists and I traitors to the smiles and favor of the ndministra- I tiou, is a degrading declaration lent forth to the world that hereufter we are to come together, not I upon common ground of principle, but like a I band of bandits, amalgamated tor the snke of I common plunder; stnuding like John Van^Buren I and company upon the platform, true to General I l'ierce's administration, or in other words as long I as we hold office, and afterwards to be at liberty I to return to our old heresies. Now, Mr. Chairman, previous to closing, I want I to refer to one point, and that is the various votes I which have beea taken on sundry questions in litis House, (and where those who have voted for them have denied that their votes were to be taken as any test question,) but which have all been claimed as administration triumphs as soon as they were carried. I have been told by gentlemen upon this | floor, and by gentlemen occupying high positions in the government?and I wish to be distinctly un derstood on this subject?1 have been told, I say, that their sympathies are with us; but that they did not regard the casting of their votes on certain questions as arraying them against us, or as en dorsing the action of the administration. Let me repeat here, sir, what 1 have told these gentlemen personally, and that is, that we are no objects of sympathy. Sympathy may be very ap propriate for sick cripples and old ladies, but not for men who have gallantly stood up for principle iigninsl the power and patronage of the present corrupt and unscrupulous State and federal ad ministrations. We are objects of respect and ad miration ; not of sympathy. We despise sympa thy. Captain Crelghton at the Metropolitan.? At a ball given at the Metropolitan Hotel on Wed nesday night, the gallant Captain Creighton, of the Three Bells, was present, and was takeu in tow by E. K. Collins, of the Liverpool ferry line, and introduced to the guests. It was most gratifying to see the unaffected joy with which ladies and gentlemen pressed forward to grasp the hand of the hero in the cause of humanity, and with what characteristic modesty the brave tar received their compliments. Captain C. is a middle-aged man, with a mild and benevolent countenance, expres sive of love and good will to all men. He is tall and athletic, and looks every inch the true sailor? looks as he talked : " Be cheery, boys; I'll stand by yon till I sink." We have never ?cen the rosy, good-natured face of Mr. Collins so happily lighted up with joy as when be, last night, had the captain of the Three Bells in tow.?Albany State Rtguter Heavy Claim for Da maces by two New Yorkers.?Messrs. Hugh Miller, of the Clinton Hotel, in New York, and Wallace W. Williams, have presented a petition fo the Secretary of State of the United States, representing that in I8f)2they were swindled out of valuable hotel and store pro perty in New Grenada; and that, on applying to the authorities there lor redress, they not only failed to obtain it. but were subjected to outrages, impositions, and indtgnities. Mr. Miller says that the judge before whom he appeared, without hear ing a single word, ordered him to lie sent to a dun geon in San Lorenzo Castle, and that he wns forth with taken there by soldiers and put in confine ment in a fetid cell, under ground, with the lowest class of criminals, nearly all of whom were suffer ing with various diseases. For this, Mr. Miller alleges that he ought to have an indemnity com mensurate with the value of personal liberty, and that he is entitled to demand $71),000 in satisfai> lion of the wrong. They also claim $20,060 dam apes and expenses from the loss of property. Mr. Mercy forwarded the claim to the United States minister at Bogota by ihe last steamer, and by him it will be presented to the New Granadian gov ernment. United States Trade with the East Indies and the Pacific.?A correspondent of the Bos ton Traveller has prepared a list of the arrivals and clearances at ports in the United Slates, for Ihe Inst year, of vessels engaged in the trade to the East Indies and Pacific, including California. -The whole number of arrivals from the Kast Indies was 193, (191 in 1832,) of which 90 were at New York, 89 aj Boston, and 9 at Salem. Of those at New York. (81 in 1852,) 32 were from Shanghai, 18 from Manilla, 17 from Canton, 8 from Calcutta, and 0 from Singapore. The whole number of clearances for the East Indies was 83. (100 in 1802,) of which 46 *A'ere at Boston, 23 at New York, and 9 at Saletn. The whole number of arrivuls from ports in the Pacific (431 in lfj53) were 136, of which 46 were at Baltimore, 36 at New York. 19 at Boston, and 12 at Norfolk. Of those at New York, (last year 36,) 20 were from Callao, 8 from California, 3 from Australia, and 3 from Honolulu. The whole number of clearances for the Pacific (last year 337) was 471, of t hich 242 were at New York. 173 at Boston, 23 at Baltimore, and 11 at Philadelphia. Of those at New York, (last year 182.) 128 were for California, 6ft for Australia, 13 for Valparaiso, 8 for Honolulu, and 5 for Callao. ?pain.?Another Psojwrm> Di pl.?The Me morial den Pyrenees publishes the following letter from Madrid, 22d, mentioning another projected duel: " Another duel has been talked of, which was to have taken place between the English and Aus trian ambassadors, but the death of the mother of Lord Howden. which has just taken place, has compelled the postponement of the intention, if it ever existed. The authorities, besides.have l>een sufficiently warned, and will doubtless prevent a meeting. It will probably t>e the same with an affair of a similar kind which was to have taken place, it i? said, between two consuls at Santan der. One would be tempted to believe that duels in Spain, between men who ought less than any others to set such an example, will become in some measure epidemic." [This is the projected duel in which the tele graphic despatch reported Mr. Soule to have a part 1 ? The accounts from M. de Turgot, wounded in a | duel with Mr. Soule at Madrid, are still uulavora I ble. The ball still remains iu his leg. Arrival of the Steamer Fashion.?The Uni ted States transport steamer Fashion, Captain linker, arrived yesterday evening from Carloosa hatchie and Florida. The Fashion carried a dele gation of Seminole Indiana from Arkansas to that jiost, under the charge of Lieut. John Giblion, 4th Artillery, consisting of John Jumper, or Yaha Chopko; Ahallok Tnstcnukee, Kapiktsootsee, \ Tukosa Tustenukkee, Echo Hajo, Fohmss Hajo or Sam Jones' Son; Echo Yahola, |Jim Kinuard, 'or Tcwuhleetsa; l#tee Sikkoochee, Jim Factor, interpreter, a quarter-breed; Geo. Noble, inter preter, negro. Col. Monroe, commanding in Florida, nnd Capt. Casey, U. S. A., charged with removing the In dians from Florida, went with the delegation to Fort Myers, and were there met by some of the Florida Seminoles, who invited the delegation to vifit them at their wigwams. The Tampa Herald says that it has authority in stating that the agent, Capt. Casey, carries with him inducements never l>efore offered, and in the same hand will be shown the dreaded alternative.? N. O. Delta. Pasjirngfoit ^entittfl. EDITED BT WM. M. OVERTON. CH. MAURICE SMITH, AND BEVERLEY TUCKER. CITY OF WASHINGTON. ? JS JANUARY 29, 1854. rJr- Mt. Geobob E. Fbbhcb, Bookseller, King Areet, Alexandria, i? our authorized agent to re ceive adveitiseinents and subscriptions. single numbers can be procured at hi# counter every morning. par Mb. E. K. Lundy, bookseller. Bridge street, Georgetown, will apt as agent lor the Sentinel iu receiving subscriptions and advertisements^ ^6^-Geobob W. Meabson Is our authorized agent to receive subscriptions and advertisements, in Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria. THE OLD DOMINION. A meeting of Virginians will be held in the gen tlemen's parlor of the United States Hotel, at 7 o'clock, p.m., on Tuesday next, January 31, 1S54, for the purpose of making arrangements for the celebration of the first permanent settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. It is also desired to form an association for the celebration of the day an nually. It is hoped that all sons of the glorious Old Dominion, in the city of Washington, will be present. ? Wtf We republish to-day the speech deliv ered on the 17 th instant by the Hon. Mike Walsh, of New York, touching the New York difficul ties. We presented an abstract of this forcible and effective effort some days ago, but the subject to which it relates is of so much interest that we feel aure we will not fatigue our readers by laying before them a correct copy. AN APPEAL TO ALL SECTIONS AND PARTIES. In ordinary times it is easier to be virtuous than vicious, as it easier to tell the truth, which is natural and comes spontaneously to the lips, than a lie which has to be thought on and invented. It is in times of trouble, peril, and temptation, that virtue is tested?both moral aud political virtue. We are now on the eve of such an occasion in the political world, when politicians will be called on to show to the world what "stuff they are made* of." No room will be left for evasion, subterfuge, and de ception. The question presented by the Ne braska bill will have to be met by the north and the south, and met manfully and opeuly. To the true doctrine of Congressional, non intervention, as asserted by this bill, the whole south is committed, without regard to party. The abolitionists and freesoilers of the north arc opposed to it. ' The question is who are the abolitionists and freesoilers. This, which was once well known and determined, has re cently given rise to much discussion. It origi nated in New York between the " hards" and the " softs." From New York it has spread over the whole north. The antecedents of men and divisions have been raked up from the remote past. Musty records, long-forgot ten votes, cobwebbed speeches have been brought to light. But a practical test is now presented that will be far more decisive than past records, votes, or speeches. We have all along believed, as we now believe, that the true men of the north have been, and are, those known as the national democrats; hence all of our sympathies have been with them. This is contested by those called the u soils," and their aiders and abetters. Now, let ns quit the past and come to the present. We are saved the trouble of digging into long-covered graves to search for and rescue from destruction the evidences bf political faith or infidelity. Those who have been all along true, now have the opportunity of proving their fidelity, their true democracy, and their lofty patriotism. Those who have been false and faithless, will now be forced to confess their misdeeds, their hollow-hearted hypocrisy, and their infamous chicanery. Do any waver? Do any hold back? Are any fearful and filled with doubt and hesi tancy ? They have much to assure and much to confirm them. Not only is^the whole south united as one man in favor of the repeal of the M issouri compromise in respect of Nebraska, but the President and the cabinet are understood to be in favor of it. That paper which is called by many fhe official paper, after much hesitancy, vacillation, and even direct opposition, is jiow in favor of it. Some of the ablest statesmen from the non-slaveholding States are in favor of it. Large bands of organized men and pa triots at the north, and west, and northwest are in favor of it. The Constitution of the country is in favor of it Without it there can be no equality of States ; nor can there be that pro tection of property, aud the full value of that property, without which government becomes a curse, instead of a blessing. The worst form of discrimination that can be conceived, is a discrimination by Congress against one-half of the States and in favor of the other half; es pecially when the half against which the dis crimination is made, own a species of property recognised and protected by the Constitution, in its letter and spirit, which is not owned by the other half. The latter need no protection ; they need no discrimination ; and, indeed, such a discrimination is ouly oppressive to the south, without being advantageous to the north. Patriotic men in every section of the coun try should yield a cheerful support to this bill, for its provisions are in strict accordance with the Constitution, and tend to allay sec tional strife, and give to the inhabitants of the territory the privilege of deciding for themselves the most delicate of all questions. It relieves Congress, it relieves the Executive, it relieves the Judiciary, it relieves the nation, and places the power with those, and those only, who shonld excrcise it; aud from their decision there is no appeal. How simple, how constitutional, how peaceful, and how cheap a mode of settle ment is this! On the other hand, how compli cated, how oppressive, how expensive, and how dangerous is the .other mode! It arrays the north against the south, State against State, brother against brother, friend against friend. It brings strife, discord, and agitation. If persisted in, it can bring nothing less than "hideous ruin and combustion." Not only does it appeal to the patriot, not only does it promise him ample reward, but it appeals with much force to a class of men who arc not worthy to u unloose the lachet of a patriot's shoes?mercenary politicians. Their safety, their hopes, their rewards all depend on the support of this bill. The administration, with all its patronage, will be .against them if they prove false and recreant. Bad men and good men, patriots and mercenary politicians, may .shunt together ou this platform, lhe lion aud the lautb may lie down together. But how different the motives of tha?two classes! The patriot will look to the good of his country, the mercenary politician to the good of himself. For the peace aud harmony of the country, for tho sake of the Constitution, from a regard for the people of the territory whose rights should 1)0 respected, and for tho sake of the great democratic party, we sincerely hope that success will attend the patriotic effort now be ing made to settle on a linn, enduring, and ( constitutional basis tho exciting question of | slavery. , SLAVERY AGITATION. The Petersburg (Virginia) South Side Demo crat says: "The slavery,patient, patched up and plastered into temporary ease by the doctors of 1850, withiu a few weeks past has expe rienced a relapse, and is now in a condition more critical than ever. " It should not be disguised from the south that the whole questiou of slavery has been reopened by northern fanaticism, and that the agitation is spreading in all directions with alarming rapidity. Discord, excitement, and fierce strife now preside whete six months ago reigned apparent peace, quiet, and fidelity to the Constitution. Who could have dreamed, ; eighteen months since, that we should have Buch a phenomena as is now presented; who could have supposed that the truce of 1850 would so soon be proclaimed meaningless and hollow, and that, too, by tho section that se cured from it what the south lost?almost every thing f u The press of the north, with noble excep tions, are fast wheeling into the abolition pha lanx. Tho Albany Atlas, the organ of the ' soft-shell' party, in New York, has formally entered its protest against any attempt to dis turb the Missouri compromise. The Evening Post holds to the same faith, only is more bitter in its assaults upon the slaveholder. The New York Times, which for the last six months has been endeavoring to maintain a conservative position, goes over to the aboli tionists, body aud soul. The Tribune, of course, is with them. The Express, Commercial, and Mirror, organs of the Fillmore wing of the | whig party, spit upon the bill of Judge Doug las with the venom and malice of wounded serpents. In short, we may say, but two pro minent papers in New York city, the Herald and Natioml Democrat, sustain the constitu tional rights of the South. So rolls the tide. " A fair opportunity is now presented to the 1 soft-shell wing' of the democratic party of New York to redeem the pledges they so freely made on paper. They signed the bond, and the President generously took them to his con fidence. Will they break their bargain and re pudiate their obligation, or will they come up like men and toe the mark? Will they cover the administration with confusion, embarrass ment, and chagrin; or vindicate their claims to its confidence, bestowed at the expense of some of its truest friends ? " The ' hards ' stand firm as adamant. The struggle to them is no new one. They have breasted the surges and waves of sectional agi tation before. They need make no pledges. When asked for professions, they can show their scars, which will be found, like those of Den tatus of old, all in front. There will be no oc casion for asking ' where is Dickinson, Bron son, O'Connor, and Cutting?' When the time for action comes, they will be found at their posts. " The doubt is only with the wing of the democratic party who were formerly freesoilers, but who came back again into the democratic fold and rendered fealty to the Baltimore plat form. If they will stand by their pledges made then, and often repeated since, the storm will be allayed, and the integrity of the country pre served. If they should prove recreant traitors, we will not predict the issue." REPEAL OF THE MISSOURI COM PROMISE. The Binghampton Democrat, a paper pub lished in the immediate neighborhood of Gov ernor Dickinson, and which enjoys his peculiar confidence comes out distinctly and unequivocal ly in favor of repealing all the anti-slavery re strictions of the Missouri compromise, so far as the territory of Nebraska is concerned, and of leaving it to the people of that territory to admit or exclude slavery, as they deem fit, when they come to form a State constitution. After stat ing the provisions of Judge Douglas's bill, it thus expresses itself: " It will thus be seen that the bill places the slavery question, which will undoubtedly enter largely into consideration in the organization of the new territory, on strict, constitutional, democratic ground; recognising the right of the people of the embryo State to fashion and regulate their internal institutions according to their own judgment; and in effect deuies the right of Congress, under the Constitution, to interfere with the question. This is in accord ance with the principles of the compromise measures of 1850, which, after a struggle which enlisted the patriotism of the country in their support, and combined the antipodes of dis union in opposition, was adopted by Congress, after a struggle memorable in our annals, and approval and ratified by the potent voice of the American people in the clectioii of Gen. Pierce to the Presidency, upon the patform of the democractic national convention at Baltimore. It will apply the test, and show who stands by the compromise as a 'settled constitutional principle, and who would juggle with it as a matter of party finesse and policy. " The great majority of those who in 1848 favored the doctrine of the Wilmot proviso be came convinced of tho justice, propriety, and constitutional right of the compromise mea sures, and they will stand with the national democracy upon them on principle; while the leaders in tho V an Buren movement to aboli tionizo the democratic party, with the few trading spoils men, appropriately known as "softs," who havo attempted to conceal their true position, to construe tho emphatic decla ration of approval adopted at Baltimore into a mere temporary "acquiescence" as matter of "policy," having no loftier motive than the cor rupt inducements of "tho spoils," must also take their ground. The democratic party of the couutry will soon see how much the ad ministration has gained for it by pensioning its enemies aud opponents. Already tho Al bany Atlas, a special organ of the administra tion, and the New York Evening l\>*t, lender* in the BuiFalo stampede, with their followers in this Stute, aro marshalling iu opposition to the application of the compromise principle (the principle that the people have the right to manage their own affairs) iu the Nebraska bill. They will of course have the aid of Giddings, Gerrit Smith, and Fred. Douglas. "The proceedings in the Senate on Tuesday, received since the above was written, show that Mr. Douglas, from the Committee on Territo ries, after moro full deliberation on the subject, introduced a new bill, modifying somewhat the l>oundaries mentioned in the former bill, and providing for the organization of two territo ries, Nebraska and Kansas. The bill contains the same provisions in reference to the compro mise measures of 1850, and expresaly declares that thd Missouri compromise shall be inope rative." FROM MEXICO. We have received numbers of El Universal, the semi-official newspaper -publisliod at the city of Mexico, of dates as late as the 3d instant. They coutain no news of striking interest The Universal refers to the negotiations of the treaty which has since been agreed upon be tween Santa Anna and the American minister at that capital, and indignantly denies reports that a certain individual there was to receive two millions of the amount td be obtained from the United States, and another a consid erable amount. In a subsequent article it speaks approvingly of the treaty, saying that they yield the Mcsilla valley, a small patch of good-for-nothing land, in exchange for a large amount of ready mouey, which will enable the government to wage an active war against the savages who infest the northern States of the republic, besides healing the difficulties with the Garay grantees in regard to opening the isthmus of Tehuantepec, and taking away all motive for a war with the United States. Re ferring to the invasion of Lower California, the Universal says that, though the American gov ernment persists in not hindering such expedi tions, the Mexican government has shown it self strong enough to repress every species of usurpation of its territory^ The Universal publishes Colonel Espinosa's official report, dated December 18, of the events which had taken place in Lower California, re lating the same facts, but of course with a dif ferent coloring from that in the account by the filibusters. Numerous congratulatory addresses were pouring in upon Santa Anna, felicitating him on his recent assumption of dictatorial power; among which were those of the diplomatic body on new year's day, and that of the Jesuit So ciety. Monsignor Jose Irizarri, apostolic notary and domestic prelate of his holiness the Pope, had been appointed honorary chaplain to the President of the republic. Robberies were frequent in the Mexican capital. for the Washington BenUnel. LINES ADDRESSED TO ONE WHO WILL. UNDERSTAND THKM. Go, false one, go! I must not look again, Entranced and dreaming in those witching eyes, Or take thy hand all trembling in mine own. Once more to learn how soon affection dies; Nor will 1 now upbraid thee for the wrong? The deeper wrong?which thou bast done to me. How, with the magic of a syren's song, Thou taught'st my soul to worship only thee, And then with mocking scorn and cold unfeeling art Sped forth the arrow to my trusting heart! As thou hast done, so, lady, I will leave Thy bosom to its conscience; if, indeed, The frozen thing which there lias found a place Has aught of feeling for the hearts that bleed; And should, ah! should, in after years, the blight Which thou hast brought to others come to thee, Thou'lt know, perchance, the misery of the blow Thy hand has dealt without a cause to me. Then fare-thee-well, and, with my harp's last lay, Thy name is hushed, and love has pass'd away! Go, false one, go! the time may come when we Shall stand once more together, side by side, When on that brow the silent seal of wo Shall fail, alas, thy aching heart to hide. Oh! in that hour when friends maybe estranged, And hopes shall llickcr like a waning light, And smiles shall greet thee, not the smiles of old, But cold and cheerless as a winter's night, Thou'lt turn from all which then may meet thy gaze, To mourn, like me, "the light of other days!" And now, before we part, fair lady, hear me swear That 1 have knelt me down before thy radiant shrine, As if it were the altar of all earthly joys, And breathed thy name, as if it were divine. No thought of thee has ever pass'd my soul Which to an angel's cheek a blush could bring; And mirror'd in th? purest fountains of my heart Thine image was, as in a crystal spring; Hut now I know not what is there, unless it be? No, not a curse, but still a prayer for tiue! * * ? Washington city, January, 185-1. Supreme Court of the United States, Friday, January 27, 1854. Abraham Becker, esq., of New York, and Edward Dickinson, and Tappen Wentworth, esq., of Massachusetts, were admitted attorneys and counsellors of this court. No. 49. Farish Carter vs. Archibald T. Ben nett, in error to the supreme court of the StAtc of Florida. Mr. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion of the court in this cause, dismiss ing this writ of error for want of jurisdiction. No. 153. George W. and Henry Sizer vs. William Mauy, in error to the circuit court of the United States for the district of Massachu setts. Mr. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion of the court in this cause, disnjissing this writ of error for want of jurisdiction. Nos. 50 and 51. Jonathan Palmer et al., owners of the barque Delaware, f*.Th? Philadel phia and Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, owners of the steamship Osprey; appeals from the circuit court of the United States tor eastern Pennsylvania. These appeals were dismissed nt the cost of the appellants, the matters iu con troversy having been settled between the parties. No. 40. Reuben Anderson et al. vs. Michael Bock, in error to the circuit court of the United States for eastern Louisiana. Mr. Justice Campbell delivered the opinion of the court in this cause, reversing the judgment of the cir cuit court, with costs, and remanding the cause with directions for further proceedings in con formity to the opinion of this court. No. 38. John Garrow et al. vs. Amos Davis et al.] appeal from the circuit court of the United States for the district of Maine. Mr. Justice Curtis delivered the opinion of the court in this cause, affirming the decree of the circuit court with cont\ No. 36. Erastns Coming et al. vs. Peter A. Burden, iu error to the cifcuit court of the United States for the northern district of New York. Mr. Justice Grier delivered the opinion of the court in this cause, reversing the judg ment of the circuit court with costs, and re manding the cause, with directions to award a venire Jacias de nnro. No. 48. John McDonogh's executors et al., appellants, vs. Mary Muraock et al. The ar gument of this cause was concluded by Mr. IIunt for the appellants. Adjourned till Monday, 11 o clock. mgf-The democrats of Connecticut hold their convention to nominate Staleoidcers,at Hartford, on the 22d of February. fnm the Watchman of the Valley. A True Story. In the eveuing of the day Alice arrived at S??, a great experience meeting was to be held in oue of the churches. Her friend, who had become enthusiastic in the cause, urged her to go to this meeting, which Alice did, al though with a feeling of reluctance. The house was crowded above and below. The preliminaries usually appertaining to such meetings having been duly nrranged, a brief opouing address was made by one of the ministers. A reformed man then related his experience with great effect. After he had fin ished, there was a pause of nearly a minute. At length a man, who had been seated for back, with his face partly turned from the au dience, rose slowly, and moved to the front of the stage. A half-suppressed exclamation escaped Alice, as her eyes caught the well known features of him who had beeu her husband, while a quick thrill ran through her. Then her frame trem bled in accord with her fluttering heart. The face of Mr. Delancv was greatly changed since she had last looked upon it. Its calm, digni fied elevation had been restored, but with what difference! What before was cheerful was now sad, very sad. "Mr. President," he began, in a broken voice, u although I had consented, at your urgent so licitation, to address this large assembly to night, yet I have felt so strong a reluctance to doing so, that it has been with the utmost dif ficulty I could drag myself forward. But I had passed my word; I could not violate it. As to relating my ex perience, that I do not think 1 can venture upou. The past I dare not recall. Would to Heaven that just ten years of my life were blotted out." The speaker paused a moment, already much affected. Then, resuming in firmer voice, he said: "But something must be said of my own case, or I shall fail to make that impression on your minds which I wish to produce. Pictures of real life touch the heart with power, while abstract presentations of truth glitter coldly in the intellectual regions of the mind, and then fade from the perception like figures in a drama. "Your speaker once stood among the first members of the bar in a neighboring State? nay, more than that, he represented his county for three years in the assembly of the Com monwealth; and, more than this, occupied a seat in Congress for two congressional pe- , riods." At this moment the stillness of death per vaded the crowded assembly. "Yet more than all that," he continued, his voice sinking into a low, thrilling tone: "I once had a tender, loved wife, and two sweet chil dren. But all these honors, nil these bless ings, have parted from me," he continued, his voice growing louder and stronger in his ef forts to control himself. "I had no means whereby to retain them! My constituents threw ine off because I had dubased myself and dis graced them. And, worse than all, she who nad loved me, she who had borne me two babes, was forced to abandon me and sdek an asylum in her father's house. And why could I nave become so changed in a few short years? What power was there to abuse me, that my fellow-beings spurned, and even the wife of my bosom turned away heart-stricken from me? Alas! my friends, it was a mad indulgence in mockefy. A very demon, a Circe, changing the human into a bestial. But for this I were now an honorable and useful representative to Congress, pursuing after my country's good, and blest in the house circle with wifo and children. But I have not told you all. After my wife separated from me, I sank rapidly. A state of perfect sobriety brought too many terrible thoughts; I therefore drank moro freely, and was rarely, if ever, from under-the effects of partial intoxication. "I remained in the same village for some years, but never once saw her during that time, nor a glimpse of my children. At last I became so abandoned in my life, that my wife, ur^ed on by her friends no doubt, filed an applica tion for a divorce; and, as cause could easily be shown why it should be granted, a separation was legally declared. To complete my disgrace, at the next congressional canvass I was left off the ticket as unfit to represent tho district. I left the county and State where I had lived from my boyhood up. " Three years have elapsed since then. For two years of that period I had ubandoued my self to the fearful impulse of the habit I ac quired. Then I heard of this new movement? tne great temperance cause. At first I sneered, then wondered, listened at last, and finally threw myself upon the great wave that was sweeping onward, in the none of being carried by it far out of danger; anil I did not hope in vain. It did for me all, and more than I could have dreamed. It set me once more upon my feet; once more made a man of me. A year of sobriety, earnest devotion to my profession, and fervent prayer to Him who uloue gives 'strength in every good resolution, has restored to me much that I had lost, but not all; not the richest treasure that T proved myself un worthy to retain?uot my wife and children. Ah! between myself and these the law has laid its stern, impassable interdiction. I have no longer a wife, no longer children, though my heart goes out towards these dearly beloved ones with the tenderest yearnings. Pictures of our early days of wedded love are ever lin gering in my imagination. I dream of tho sweet fireside circle ; I see ever before me tho once placid face of my Alice, as her eyes looked into my own with intelligent confidence. I feel her arms twiuc about my neck; the music of her voice is ever sounding in my ears." Hero the speaker's emotions overcame him. His utterance became choked, and he stood silent with bowed head and trembling limbs. The dense mass of people were hushed into an oppressive stillness, that was broken here and there by half-stifled sobs. At this moment there was a movement in the crowd. A single female figure, before whom every one appeared instinctively to give wa'y, was seen passing up the aisle. This was not observed by Delancy until she had come nearly in front of the plat form on which she stood. Then the movement caught his car, and, lifting his eves, tlicy in stantly fell on Alice, for it was her that was pressing onward. He bent forward towards her with sudden, uplifted hands and eager eyes, and stood like a statute until she had gained^ the stand and advanced quietly to his side. For a moment the two stood thus; the whole nudience thrilled with the scene, were upon their feet? and bending forward. Then Delancy opened his arms, and Alice threw herself unon ly.' bosom with a quick, wild gesture. Thus, for the space of a minnte, they stood ; every ono fully, by singular intuition, understanding the scene. One of the audience came forward and gently separated them. " No, no," said Delancy ; " you must not, you cannot take her away from me." " Heaven forbid tnat I should do that," re plied the minister. " By your own confession . she is not your wife." " No, she is not," returned Delancy, sorrow fully. " But she is ready to renew her vows again," Alice said, Bmiling through her tears that now rained over her face. * Before that large assembly, all standing, and with few dry eyes, was said in a broken voice the marriage ceremony that gave Delancy and Alice to each other. As the minister, an aged man, with thin, white locks, finished the rite, he laid his hands upon the heads of the two he had joined in holy bonds, and, lifting up his aged eyes, that streamed with drops of glad ness, he said in a solemn voice: " What God has joined together, let not ar? put asunder." "Amen!" was cricd by the whole assembly, us with a single voice. VALENTINES*-For sale wholesale mid re tail, at LAM MONO'S. Jan. '???3t Seventh street.