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, EDITED BY VTM. M. OVERTON. CH. MAURICE SMITH, AND BEVERLEY TUCKER. CITY OF WASHINGTON. "MARCH 12, 185 47 Mr. G. K. Lcndy, bookseller. Bridge street. Georgetown. will act an agent for the Sentinel in receiving subscriptions and advertisements. ^9"Geohoe W. Me arson Is our authorized agent to receive subscriptions and advertisements, in Washington, Georgetown and Alexnndrin. Me. George E. French, Bookseller, King street, Alexandria, is our authorized agent to re ceive adveitisements and subscriptions. Single numbers can be procured at his counter every morning. ^ar*To accommodate our advertisers we have placed a box at the store of Messrs. Patterson &z Nairn, corner of 9th street and Pennsylvania ave nue. Advertisements, or notices of responsible persons deposited there before six o'clock, p. m , will appear in our issue of the next morning. JUT" Obituary and marriage notices must be en dorsed by some person known to the publishers to I insure their insertion. Haviug been compelled to make a change in carriers in the western part of the city and Georgetown, some of our subscribers may not have received their papers regularly. We shall feel obliged to such, and those who | havo changed their places of residence, to in form us of the fact, as well is state their new places of abode. IPDuNeither House of Congress was in ses sion yesterday. PUBLIC BUILDINGS?PUBLIC GROUNDS. The subject of providing new buildings for the State, War, Navy, aud Interior depart ments, so long delayed, has been specially re ferred to a committee from whose action the best results may be anticipated. The following are some of the reasons which require prompt action. There are cardinal points necessary to be considered in the erec tion of public buildings, viz: 1st, a fire-proof i character: 2d, convenient arrangement, with abundant room ; and, 3d mutual proximity of the departments. The buildings now occupied by these de partments, possess none of these indispensiblc requisites, but on the contrary,by their absence, ; are constantly exposed to the most serious dangers and inconveniencies. The first great serious defect of the existing buildings, is, their combustible character, keep ing in perpetual jeopardy, documents of the highest value and last importance, the loss of which would be deplorable and irreparable. The loss of the public archives in these de partments, would leave such great gaps in our history, would deprive the government of such indispensable information^ in rela- I tion to our domestic, and particularly our foreign concerns, as would expose us to the j most serious losses, annoyances, and incon- I veniencies. A Secretary of State stripped ?f I the archives of his department, would in his in tercourse with foreign nations, be placed in a situation alike so disadvantageous, perplexing, and mortifying, that posterity would, with great justice, brand us with a reckless disregard of the muniments of our history, our rights, and our glory; while we were wasting millions upon matters which could readily be deferred, and while we are actually paying in premiums for the privilege of redeeming a small portion of 'the national debt, in anticipation of its maturi ty, a larger sum than would be necessary to provide appropriate accommodations for the archives 'and offices of government. With the means in Land and no reasonable excuse for delay, if nothing more than security were obtained by appropriate buildings, it should suffice peremptorily and promptly to secure I their erection. The records of folly, in confiding valuable ; documents to combustible buildings, are suffi ciently long and sad, of the destruction of docu ments, for the recovery of which, mankind would cheerfully pay a thousand times the ad ditional cost which would have been requisite to render their depositories safe. But there are other and pressing reasons to urge the immediate construction of these build ings. The business of the departments has so greatly augmented ; the documents, models, instruments, cases, 4c.,~ have so multiplied, that all is confusion and constraint. There being no room for appropriate arrangement of the numerous documents. 4c., there can be no atringent responsibility ; and it may be safely assorted as' a fact, that if a record were made of the losses of books and documents, they could not be replaced by an amount that would erect a suitable building. There is also the essential element of mutual proxim'ty *, for although there are six depart ments, including the Attorney General's office, yet their, duties are so interwoven, and their intercourse so constant, that it would be as convenient to dismember a department itself as to separate the departments one from the other. The incessant intercourse going on re quires imperatively, for the proper facility of business, the closest contiguity; and this can be best attained, consistently with the strictest and truest economy, and securing at the same time the finest architecture ; as one large building can be crected at a proportiona bly less cost than could several smaller ones of equal aggregate accommodation. As an ar chitectural ornament, one large building is worth a dozen Rmall orte*. and will admit of su perior arrangements. The annoyances of d? lay, which every member of Congress, and in deed every one having much business with the departments, must have experienced, from in ability of instant intercourse, must have im pressed them with the importance of contiguity. If, for instance, the Pension office were at a point distaot as is the Patent office, the delay and Confusion would be very great. A senator would go to the Pension office on business; in very many, probably in most cases, imme diate resort is necessary to the Surgeon Gene ral's or to tho Second Auditor's office ; a mes senger is despatched a distance, going and returning, of some fifteen squares, during which time the senator must wait; the mes senger, unless he waits for written instructions, takes a verbal communication, liable half the time to be misstated or misapprehended. McaJ* 1 time, the messenger has hardly left, when an- J other senator or representative comes in ; he ' must wait until the messenger returns and goes again, unless another messenger be de spatched, iu which case, as remarked by a dis tinguished senator, this segregating the depart ments would give occasion for a corr?s of mes sengers larger than both houses of Congress, and then very, very imperfectly supplying the advantages of mutual proximity, as it is well known that a personal conference of Gve min utes would settle a matter which through mes j sengers would take a month, and just as likely j to complicate as to adjust. i These are some of the reasons for mutual , proximity. If there be a solitary reason on the other side, showing a greater facility for the transaction of public business, for economy, or i to obtaiu architectural beauty, it has not hitherto been devised, or at any rate divulged. The sites of the proposed buildings should be so selected as to leave to posterity no cause for regret. In regard to these matters there has been an universal error, alike by the na tional government, by States and by cities, all of which have had occasion bitterly to regret, having ceded or having encumbered ground which should have been kept sacred for the public benefit. Alrieadv we have, in this city, to deplore the unhappy policy which restricted to pitiful limits, the capitol grounds of a coun try destined in a few years to number one hun dred and fifty millions of people; aud there was one act of General Jackson which has re commended itself to universal commendation, to wit: that of enlarging the capitol grounds. Perhaps no public verdict would be more j unanimous than that the contemplated build | ings should not be erected on the " President's ; square." The space there is already so smdll j that to prevent intrusion upon buildings con ; nected with the presidential mansion, the Trea* ! surv building was thrown forward some thirty feet from the site intended, aud thus excluding the front steps originally intended, and so marring the general aspect of the front, as to render the entire architecture of the building one of a very questionable character. Similar results would flow from the erection of appro priate buildings on the sites of those now oc cupied by the War and Navy Departments. The evils would be aggravated by the addition of two wings to the Treasury building and sur rounding the President's mansion with a cordon of uusavory odors. Besides which, it is per fectly manifest that very extensive additions S must be made to the White House, or an en 1 tirely new and greatly enlarged structure must be erected to meet the augmenting population 1 of the city, aud of the. number of citizens from every quarter of the Union visiting Washing ! ton. Even now the rooms are crowded te suf ; focation?the very windows being converted j into doors of exit?and the number would be i greatly larger were the reception rooms suffi ciently capacious for comfort. The custom of having music in the Presi dent's grounds may be considered as estab lished, and abundant room should be given, and the grounds rendered accessible from the avenue, as would be the case when the build ings now disfiguring those beautiful grounds shall have been removed. It is to be hoped that this musical recreation, so universally ac ceptable, and so readily commanded by gov ernment, will be continued, and with every pos sible improvement. Government spends mil lions in architectural ornaments, all of which united cannot compare xcith the beauty of these grounds, ichcn cleared from the disfigurement i of the present buildings. Besides being orna : mental in an eminent degree, these grounds I would be no less healthful. If a building be ; erected without ornament, it would equally ? well fulfil ail purposes of utility as would an ' ornate oue, and it could, at any time, be re ! placed by one of any desired splendor, and if ' that should be destroyed, another can be erected on its site. A building at the moment of its completion has reached its zenith, alike for beauty as for use, it is no longer susceptible of improvement; it admits of no varying beauties, it is ever the same, except that the hand of time is busy in unceasingly hastening it to decay ; its beauty is to the sense of sight alone. While these grounds will outlast a thousand successive gorgeous edifices, and in all that time, ever varying, ever changing, ever beauti ful ; glorious to the eye in all the varied tints | of its green drapery, with all a garden's choicest flowers bespangling it. Thus the millions who j shall successively thread the mazes of these ! grounds, will find shelter and cool breezes; will j have sight, scent, and hearing, delighted amid j the grove itself; and from beneath its foliage, j will view in silent satisfaction the gorgeous, silent pile that fronts it with its beauty, as will the contemplated buildings when reared vis-a vis to these grounds ; while buildings on these grounds will hide more than half their beauties and prove a perpetual nuisance, the regret and condemnation of posterity. What is the pride of Boston ? Every voice responds, the common. Does any one regret its extent? Is there one man in that whole community would have it shorn of one foot of its dimensions? Were it practicable to make it three hundred acres instead of fifty, would not its advantages and the gratification of all its citizens be proportionably increased ? Is not the city of New York dissatisfied with the paucity and extent of her public grounds, numerous though they be; and she is now robbing the water3 of domain to enlarge her splendid Battery. Has she not for years been seeking such grounds, as in Washington are unhappily, in too small repute? Is she not now at the expense of several millions of dol : lars seeking to obtain parks, for the health and pleasure of her citizens and visitors? These parks are, of necessity, on the out skirts of the city, accessible to, comparatively, few; but experience has so demonstrated the , benefits of parks in cities, ihul these large sums arc readily expended for them in these remote places; the best reparation, however, j to )K>sterity, they CJjn make for the oversight , of our ancestors. What would not New York pay to enlarge the park to five hundred acies? Philadelphia, which has so long boasted her ' public squares, and beautiful grounds around Fairmount, now, loo late almost? finds she has ; been niggard and unwise in not securing in her midst, parks of suitable dimensions; and j like New York is seeking to secure the best she can. As for Baltimore?unhappy Balti rnoro?she of ell her sister /cities, who hfd the most beautiful of p*rks embosomed within her ?;j*>iti ; ft park beautifully undulating with I hill and fliaje, and fringed with a running stream; Baltimore, luckless Baltimore, shall we say, tasteless Baltimore, preferred the sou briquet of "the Monumental City" to "the City of Parks and Baltimore, unwise Baltimore, like W ashinpton. so jealous of any rival beauty to her marble mouuments, stoutly and with fatal success, resisted all efforts to give even breathing room to the towering monument on which stands the image of Pater Patriae Alas poor Baltimore! she has not an oasis in all the desert of her brick and mortar, which of all the surviving resistant# to the securing a park around this monument, can recall his viclorg of that day, and not shed a tear of regret, that defeat had not been its fate. Yet, Baltimore, with even this great frailty, how many love thee dearly still! The Cassandra warnings of those days, foretelling this regret, have reached realization. Will wo of the. present day at Washington, hoard up for old age and for pos terity similar regrets and self-condemnation. Who has ever heard of the two thousand acres of park in London, being a cause of com plaint by the poorest or the most avaricious ? It is the poorest classes in that great metropolis that would make rebellion at any purpose of robbing the city of these great treasures. Is the extent of grounds in Paris a subject of complaiut by any one? Is the extent of pub lic grounds in any city in the world a subject of complaint by any humau being? Is not their circumscribed extent in almost every city a subject of universal regret? Shall ice, there fore, disregard this universal lesson of all times, aud of all cities, and omit, while it is in our power, to secure at least decent room for tho mansion of the chief of this growing nation. There are two squares, one on the east and another on the west side of Lafayette square, of dimensions sufficient for the contemplated buildings. These squares can, in all probabi lity, be purchased on reasonable terms, cer tainly for a much less sum than has been, and is being spent for mere ornament to the Capitol alone; and no one will question that for orna ment and habitual use, the grounds secured by the removal of all the buildings on the Pre sident's square, except the mansion, would be preferred universally to all the ornaments of all the public buildings. If, indeed, the ques tion were put to the vote in this District and throughout the Union whether they would not prefer the Capitol itself, to be of plain brick, wholly destitute of ornament, and retain these grounds cleared from .the disgrace of its build ings, there would come up from every quarter one unanimous amen! A failure now to secure the ground, is a failure forever. The subject has been debated in Congress and the razing the Treasury building to the earth, when nearly completed failed by a single vote, and but for personal considerations, would have passed. The two squares above mentioned are most eli gibly situated, giving full scope of visioH, from a great distance, of the architectural beauty of the edifices which may be erected on them. They will be light and airy, accessible from all four sides, and by their proximity afford a faci lity to the transaction of business hitherto un known. None of these advantages would be had in an equal degree by buildings on the President's square, which now is a mere tho roughfare, shamefully so; a perpetual throng passing and repassing through the very portico of the mansion itself. Besides which, the pre sent buildings could be occupied without annoy ance, while the new buildings are being erected on the two squares mentioned ; but to build on the President's square; would cause confusion, annoyance, and destruction to trees of very many years growth in the grounds of tho Pre sident's square. For these reasons and for very many others .which might be urged, the belief is entertained that the President's square should not be dese crated by additional buildings. HOW SLAVES ARE CARED FOR IS THE SOUTH. The abolitionists are constantly representing the southern people as taking delight in im posing onerous burdens on their slaves, and as taking grent pleasure in inflicting on them cruel punishments. They are represented as relentless oppressors, hard-hearted task masters, and fierce and relentless tyrants. The testi mony of the slaves themselves on these points, is very different from that of their pretended abolition friends and sympathisers. Any man who is at all familiar with the habits of southern people, with the institution of slavery, with the relation that subsists between master and slave, knows that there are sentiments of affection and tenderness between the two, that do not exist in any other condition of servitude. We have known many instances of slaves, who when offered their freedom have taken the offer in high dudgeon, and indignantly declined it. They took it as an act of unkindness on the part of their masters to propose the dissolu tion of the bonds that had so long united them. But the other day a case occurred in Vir ginia that administers a flat contradiction and an emphatic rebuke to the abolitionists. A gentleman in the county of Nottoway died, leaving a will which manumitted his slaves. Unwilling to be free, and attached to their master's family, they applied to the legislature, which has just adjourned, for legal permission to remain as slaves in his family. It U need less to comment at length on this case. It is sufficiently suggestive of itself. The abolitionists arc also accustomed to de clare that the life of a slave is no better pro tected than that of a dog; that they are burnt, butchered, nhot, impaled, and drawn and quar tered with impunity. Let the following case, which has just occurred in the heart of the south, speak on this point: " On Thursday last, Thomas Motley and William Blacklenge, two white men convicted of the murder of a slave, were hung at Watcr boro', South Carolina, in pursuance of their sentence. The criminals had numerous influ ential, friends, and it was feared that an effort for their rescue would be made. They were, therefore, escorted by a strong military force from the jail At Charleston to the scene of the murder, and there hung in the presence of a large concourse of spectators. W c ftre in formed that the prompt and vigorous execu tion of the law was warmly approved by the popular sentiment of the people of that sec- j tion?the mo??? ultra pro-fclayery of the whole south. One fact is worth a hundred theories, and we commend the fate of these two Ltgre^t to the admirers of Uncle Tom'a Cabin, who be lieve that cruelty to the negro is a venial crime at the sondi. Will the anti-slavery journals, whose souls arc harrowed up by an acute sense of the cruelties inflicted upon the poor slave, have any word of approval for this vindication ot the rights of the slave. We shall see." ?@-The enemies of the Nebraska bill take great comfort to themselves from the election of a whig mayor in Detroit. Wo are sorry to disturb their rejoicing, but candor compels us to say to them, that Nebraska had no more to do with this election, than the man in the moon. W e say this on the authority of the Detroit press. Nebraska was an after thought with these wily tacticians. In like manner, these gentlemen run off into raptures if they hear of any southern journal or southern man expressing opposition to this bill, no matter what the grounds of objection may be. If it be on the ground that it is not sufficiently favorable to the south, the anti-Ne braska men roll it, as a sweet morsel, under their tongues. Well, they have but few things to encourage them, and it would be cruel to deny them a few crumbs of comfort. Let them catch at straws, for they are drowning men. Commniutattb. An Ocean Penny Postage Already Estab lished by Law. To the Editors of the Washington Sentinel: Gentlemen : It is a curious fact, that, at the very moment that Com. Perry paid at the rate of two dollars per ounce for a packet of news papers done up in the letter form, there was an express enactment in the postal laws of the I uited States by which the captain of a sailing ship can only be allowed two cents for convey ing a letter across the ocean, from any direc tion, or from any distance. If an American sailing ship, on leaving Shanghai, or any other Chinese port, for New York, should take on board a bag of letters from the sailors of the American squadron in those seas, the captain, on his arrival, could only receive two cents apiece for the transit service. Then why may he not convey back to Shanghai a bag of letters from the parents, brothers and sisters of those sailors at the same rate? What right has any government to charge a farthing more for the inland service on letters that cross the sea, than for the same service on letters posted and de livered within its dominion ? if a letter be conveyed from Boston to Canton for two cents, on what principle of justice can the Chinese authorities charge the receiver anything addi tional for that transit service ? It is certainly a remarkable postal anomaly, that letters may be conveyed from New York to the very ships' sides, as it were, of the American squadron in the Chinese ports, for two cents per half ounce, but when once aboard of those ships the charge is increased to one dollar for the same weight! Nor is this anomaly confined to this direction. It exists, between the United States and Great Britain. For years, sailing ships have con veyed letters between the two countries for two cents apiece. And now powerful screw steam ships are plying across the Atlantic; and they are conveying letters for two cents each. The agent of one of these companies has offered repeatedly to perform this transit service on any amount of letters at this low rate. Then on what principle of justice arid equity can either post office charge anything more than j its established inland rate on a letter that has thus crossed the sea? At the present time, the whole postage on a single letter from any town in the United States to any town in Great Britain, is twenty-four cents; of which three cents are for the American inland, two cents for the British inland, and consequently nine teen cents for the ocean transit. If, then, sail ing vessels and screw steamships are actually performing this transit service for two cents, why should the whole postage, on such a letter be more than seven cents f I hope your read ers, Messrs. Editors, will revolve these ques tions in their minds, and decide to exert their influence in favor of a universal ocean penny postage. ELIHU BURRITT. Washington*, March 9, 1854. Thrilling and Melancholy Casualty.? A correspondent of the Lexington (Va.) Ga zette gives the full particulars of a fearful oc currence on James river, at Balcony falls, on Saturday, 21st of January. The canal boat Clinton, Captain Wood, with about fifty persons on board, principally negro hands, on their way to the Central railroad,"at tempted to proceed up the river to Buchanan. Just after passing the North river bridge the tow-line broke, and the boat drifted down the stream. The river being very much swollen, the bottom could not be reached with poles, and consequently the boat was completely at the mercy of the current. About a hunilred yards above the mountain dam, five persons jumped off, and attempted to swim ashore, but three of the number weredrowned?aMr.Pnine, of Fredericksburg, and two negroes. By the skillful management of the captain, who held the tiller, the boat leaped the dam in safety, nd rapidly approached the White rock, the Little ana Great.Balcony falls, and the Tobacco hills, places which, the writer savs, formerly made the holdest heart quake under favorable circumstances. As it passed within a foot of the White rock, the captain and four or five persona jumped out, and were left on the rock in the middle of the river, with the water raging around them. The boat hurried by, and, escaping several dangers, hung light ly on a rock near the Tobacco hills. Persons on shore now undertook to rescue the five or six men clinging to the White rock. A bateau was dragged some distance and launched in the river, the water still rising, and the wind blowing a perfect hurricane through the gap of the mountain. Frank Padget, an experienced boatman, and Messrs. Matthews and McCollogan and two negroes, embarked in the bateau, and at great personal risk succeed ed in bringing the party safely to shore. By this time the water had risen enough to float the canal-boat again, which was carried headlong through -the Tobacco hills, and caught on a small island below. On her pas sage, one of the negroes on board had leaped upon a flat rock, where he stood without his coat, wet with spray and shivering with cold, imploring help. The bateau under command of Padget could not reach him, and proceeded on towards the others, all of whom were res cued. The question then arose whether the man on the rock could be saved. The brave-hearted Padget thought he could, and the same men and two more embarked with him to make the attempt. Just as they reached the rock, and the man had jumped on board, the bateau struck and was crushed like an egg-shell. Five of the party leaped on tho rock, one clung to an oar and drifted to land, but Padget and tho man they had gone to rescue were drowned. Some time elapsed before another bateau could be obtained. At last it arrived and was launched, but a negro suffered it to be carried off, and it was dashed to pieces on the rocks. it was now dark and no other boat was at hand. '] hus the five men on the rock were necessarily left there all night, exposed to the drenching spray and freezing weather. During the night a third bateau was brought up and placed under the command of an old ferryman named Sam Evans. Next morning, contrary to the expectations of al), the men were found to bo alive, though several of them were badly frost-bitten; and all of them were brought to land, amid the shouts of the spectators. Ihe Struck at Cumberland has led the companies to send to Germany for miners, and have notified the striken to vacate the premises. (gitglisj? Iflisttllang. From the North DrilUh Review. ' Probable Concert of America.?The re tirement of England and Franco from the scene, to leave Turkey to such fate as her own unaided resources could command, would pro bably be the signal for the immediate interfer ence of our transatlantic brethren, not, per haps, as a nation, but as volunteers. If Hun gary were to riae, their intervention would be certain ; and Hungary would rise if American aid were known to be at hand. We can state positively that men, money, and arms are all ready?waiting and anxious for an opening. The whole nation, as is well known, (and the government of the United States must soon fol low the nation,) is longing to obtain a foot ing in the arena of European politics; and Turkey, abandoned by her old allies, and left to the mercy of the great despot of the world, would offer too tempting, too honorable, and too just an occasion to be neglected. Nor could we say to them nay; we have pronounced Russia to be wrong, antf we could not interfere to prevent assistance being offered to the right. And we may be well assured, that if the Amer icans did come upon the stage, their proceed ings would be conducted in a very different mode, and guided by a very different spirit from onr scrupulous and timid policy?always hampered by traditional ideas, always bound to official forms, always restrained by the fear of too signal a success, always confused, thwarted, and enfeebled by ulterior considera tions. Nor could their success be very doubt ful. They are the very best sailors in the world, and among the hardiest soldiers; they could soon get together a navy powerful enough to destroy that of Russia; they have boundless wealth, and would not spare it were the national zeal once fairly roused; and, as we once before re marked, they present the most formidable com bination of qualities which it is possible to en counter?the utmost hardihood of savage life with the most unbounded resources of civiliza tion and science. We ought to curb and baf fle Russia, therefore, if only to anticipate America in doing so. From the Glasgow Commonwealth. Account of the *JJatcral Self-acting Printing Process.?This beautiful invention, recently made in Vienna by M. Auer, director of the imperial Austrian government printing office, is, we believe, not known in England. An account of it in English, with twelve beau tiful quarto specimens of the results obtained by it, has just been sent to us by a correspond ent in Vienna; and we hasten to give a brief notice of it to our readers. By means of this art, plates are produced "for printing copies of plants, materials, lace, embroideries," &c. These plates contain the most delicate hollows, and elevations, which the human eye is unable to detect, and they are capable of producing two results on paper; the one a copy of the original on a white ground, in various colors, with one single impression, and the other a copy in white, on a colored ground. The first of these is obtained by the copper-plate press, and the second J)y the ordinary printing press, and the effect is obtained in both instances, without the aid of drawing or engraving. In taking the impression of a dried plant, or a leaf, or an insect, the object is placed on a polished surface of pure lead, and above the object is placed a polished plate of copper or steel. The two plates are then passed through the two cylinders of a copperplate-printer's press, which gives a momentary pressure of from 800 to 1,000 hundred weight. After sep arating the plate?, it will be found that, the tissue of the plant has been pressed into the lead plate, and when the substance is carefully removed from the plate, the design appears hollow upon its surface. From this mould, plates fit for printing from may bo obtained, either by the electrotype or the usual stereotype process. When lace or any fabric is to be copied, it is smeared over with spirits of wine, or Venetian turpentine, before being laid upon the lead plate. The price of impressions thus obtained is so moderate, that a leaf in folio will cost only from eight to twelve kreutzers, that is, from three pence to five pence. The Chevalier von Heufleur has published, by means of this process, a collection of the cryptogatnic plants from the vale of Arpaset, in Transylvania. M. Auer took out a patent for this process on the 12th of October, 1852, but in imitation of France, who gave up the daguerreotype for general use in 1839, and of Russia, who gave up the electrotype of Jacobo in 1837, the Em peror of Austria has given up this new pro- I cess to the public. The specimens of this art which we have received surpass our highest expectations. We can scarcely believe that, the plant itself is not pressed into the shape. A Wonderful Escape.?It will be recol lected that during the dreadful gale of the New Year's week, many light vessels from London for the Tyne, and laden vessels, kept their course, ana made for Leith roads for shelter. Several of those vessels got down as far north as Aberdeen and Dundee; others were lost, but they had all been accounted for, one way or the other, some weeks since, with the excep tion of the Royal Union, belongingto this port, which it was feared had gone down with all hands, leaving no mark behind her. She had sailed from the Tyne since the 2d of December, and passed the bar light in the New Year's week. Yesterday, the mourning of the families of the master and crew was turned into joy, by a letter received from the master by the owner, stating that the vessel and crew had reached Gotlenburg, all well. It appears that in their passage down, they had lost no less than three anchors in the storm, and that, fearing to take the Tyne, the master had ruu the vessel into North Berwick, where he had got another an chor on board. Another gale of wind coming on, however, the cable snapped, and the vessel agaiu drove out to sea. The gale was in a westerly direction, and the master run before it until ho reached Gottenburg. He will bring home a cargo of deals.?Shields Gazette. Priestly Cursing in London.?The cor respondent of a contemporary says: " On Sun day, the 5th instant, after the eight o'clock mass at the Roman Catholic chapel in Duncan terrace, Islington, the Rev. F. Oakley, a Roman Catholie priest, (an Oxford pervert,) proceeded to the Irish courts ii\ Islington, near the An frel, and after giving the Irish people a long ecturc for sending their children to the Pro testant schools, pronounced the following curse: ' We hereby give notice, that If any persons, after this our solemn warning, do send their children to the Protestant schools, [six schools were here named,] or, if they have been al ready tempted to send them, anddo not instantly remove them, they shall be counted guilty of mortal sin; shall be refused all the rights and sacraments of the church; at death, the ex treme unction shall bo denied to them, and their bodies, either his 6r hers, refused burial in any cemetery belonging to the church. The curse of God shall rest upon them, body and soul, living or dead.'" The Axoler Fish.?Upon his head arc two long slender appendages; the first of them?broad and flattened towards the end, and having at this dilated part, a shining sil very appearance?is articulated to the head by a peculiar joint, resembling that between two links of a chain. There are numerous mus cles attached, by which tho fish is enabled to move it in all directions. The seoond fishing rod, as it may be properly called, can be moved only in backward ana forward direction. Dig ging a hole in the soft hind, this wary fisherman conceals his body, and then by moting his baits about, attracts the wandering and unsus picious small fry. When they are collected in sufficient numbers, this sea monster suddenly jumps from his hiding place, and entraps them in his capacious jaws, which are admirably formed for his purpose.?Dickens's Household Words. Blucheh.?When old Blucher was in Eng land he was invited to Oxford to have a doctor s degree conferred upon him. The liercc dra goon was as much amused as delighted at the the idea of the honor, and introducing another Prussian general, who had been his right-hand man in all his campaigns, observed, in broken English to the vice chancellor, " Sir, if I am a doctor, this is my apothecary." But the veteran made a better hit than that, before the day was over. At an evening party given on the occa sion, amongst others present was a lady, of whom it was sometimes whispered that she did not belong to a temperance society. We dare say this was all malice, but on this evening it did unfortunately happen that she was in very high spirits. " Who is that lady?" said Blucher, fixing his eye upon her. " That is Miss Sparkle, the "daughter of one of our canons," was the answer; at which the shocking old Field-Marshal thundered forth, with a roaring laugh, "a cannon's daughter! By Jove, 1 thought so, she looks so very well charged." The 'charge was probably grape. Uhlajto, the Geiiman Poet.?Mr. Mitchell, in his speech at New ork, is said to have stated that Uhlnnd, the German poet, had become an exile, and was now in Ohio., This is a mistake, for Uhland is now living in his native Wurtemberg, and is reported in the pa pers to have quite recently declined a civic honor proposed to be conferred on him by the King of Prussia, at the suggestion of Baron Humboldt. [JVofcu and Queries. 'The Brighton (Eng.) Herald says: "A correspondent, well informed upon the subject, assures us that Colt's revolvers?pistols?iiave been generally introduced among the crews of the Russian fleet. Now, we need hardly say that it is with the pistol and tin cutlass that the work of boarding is chiefly done, and a set of boarders armed with six-barrelled pistols would have an immeasurable superiority over the crew of a ship not so armed, whilst these j latter would bo exposed to almost inevitable defeat, if met in their boarding attack by men so armed. We trust that the attention of the government will be drawn to the fact. If our informant be correct, means should be at once taken to place our gallant sailors and marines, who may have to encounter a Russian fleet in the Black sea or Baltic, on equal terms with their adversaries." Narrow Escape at the Royai. Arsenal, Woolwich.?On Saturday morning, about 11 o'clock, a loud explosion took place in one of the rocket sheds, owing to a 24-pounder rocket bursting in the mould, and injuring two la borers, named Smith and Casper, employed at that work. Mr. Pickering, the master rocket maker, on hearing the sound, rushed to the building, and with great presence of mind threw some pails of water over the burning cases, which, if not extinguished, might have proved of the most fatal consequences. The men flew in all directions; but Mr. Pickering, who has preserved many lives before at the risk of his own, with the most daring courage rushed through the dense smoke, and without fearing the fatal consequences, with the greatest caution and presence of mind extinguished all before the arrival of the engine or assistance. [Kentish Mercury. The Colliery explosion at Wigan.?Our local correspondent transmits somo further Particulars of this appalling occurrence in ed ition to the telegraphic report published yes terday. It appears that the engine driver and the banksman in charge of the " pit-brow" had no suspicion of danger until the afternoon, when a loud report, as of an explosion under ground, was heard, and was quickly succeeded by a second report of a ?imilar character. Then came the sudden rush of air, smoke, and dust from the upcast shaft which follows these dreadful occurrences. It was now known to those at the top what had occurred, and they began to take immediate steps to rescue the colliers below. An alarm was spread to the neighboring mines, so that other colliers might be obtained, to volunteer to go down as search ing parties. Meantime a number of colliers below signalled to be drawn up, and five cage loads (probably forty persons in all) were wound up the shaft. ' These had been at work in the south levels, and came to the top almost un scathed; but they reported that the north levels were on fire near the bottom of the shaft, thus cutting off the retreat of colliers who had escaped with life after the first burst of the ex plosion, or at least rendering their escape much more hazardous than at first supposed. Nearly j three hours elapsed before this fire could be extinguished, so as to enable the searchers to proceed into the levels. Heaps of the.dead J and mutilated remains of the colliers had to be passed and left for a time in order that the first attention might be given to the living. One of the first men brought to the surface alive, from the north levels, was James Mur phy, a collier, who had been working at the very far end, or 1,200 yards from the pit-shaft. He and another man, it appears, on feeling the shock of the explosion, started towards the shaft, but, on reaching a point in the level where the sulphur was overpowering, his com panion turned back, whilst Murphy, resolutely putting his cap between his teeth, ran towards the shaft and was saved. The other man was ! lost. About twenty minutes to 8 o'clock at night a man and boy were taken out much ex hausted with sulphur, and soon afterwards an other man was found, who was so far spent that he has been insensible ever since. In all, about fourteen persons made their escape alive from the north workings during Saturday evening, and these were the last. All that were found during the night, and on Sunday, had been killed. Forty dead bodies had been discovered on Saturday evening, and on -Sunday morning, at 10 o'clock, the number had been increased to seventy. On Sunday night, at a late hour, eighty-seven had been recovered and brought out of the mine. Yesterday the search was perseveringly continued; but, as the rule adopt ed is to keep all bodies in the mine until night fall, no information could be obtained before our reporter left as to whether the number had been increased. A collier, whose life has been saved, ai)d who was well acquainted with his fellow workmen, thinks there are not so many lives lost as we named yesterday. (120,) but says there will probably be over 100. It ap Eears that no accurate list of workjieople was ept by the firm, as the colliers frequently take down assistants without giving their names. News from India in Ten Days.?Within a twelve-month of the present date, a railway will be completed from Ostend to Trieste. Letters, passengers, and paroels will then occupy little more than two davs from the shores of the Channel to those of the Adriatic; four clays more will take them to Egypt, and, by the am of the railroad from Alexandria to Cairo, now , rapidly advancing, they may within . ) be afloat on the Red sea, and in twelvedays thereafter be safe in Bombay, or within three weeks of their leaving London. Within this date the clectric telegraph, now preparing to be laid across the Mediterranean,, will have reached Suez, and the Whiles of wire, which have already reached Calcutta, will con noet every great town m India with the port of | Bombay, no that, before the year 1856 expires, we shall have communication by electro tele trriiph in ten or eleven days' time with every part of India, and by steamer and rail from Bombay in twenty-one.?English paper. Loss or the Bona Dea. The following are some further Part^a?? the terrible experience of the ahipw'ecke of the Bona Dea. When the sh.p ??""* Monday, January 25, at 8 at night, she lay on her broadside for some time. The crew 8 ceeded in cutting away the main and miz shrouds, and the masts going, she rigJlle ' But even-thing had been washed out ?[ ?? cabin and steerage. They had not a single thing left not a morsel of bread or a drop oi water. They managed to get an old sail over the stump of the mizen-masts and lash themselves there, although they expected every moment that tde poop would go to pieces, as two ot the main beams of it were gone. 1 hey remained m that situation all that day and night. On1 hurs day, January 20, the men continued to keep up their spirits. They broke down the ceiling in the cabiu in the hopes of finding some crumbs ol bread or something else, but luvainjnone were to be found. It was theu the third day that they hai not tasted food or water Towards.night some of the men complained of thirst, bu*re mSSed quite reasonable and manageable The next day it was still blowing a gale, aud heavy sea? ltfshed the deck. At daylight they saw ^a barque running to the eastward, not more than three miles from the wreck. Iho The morning was rather hazy, and they either did uot or would not take noticc ot the wreck, as she passed by without oflenng them assist ance. They felt this a sore disappointment, but they cheered one another up with the hopes ofaoon falling la with aoo.her Thoywer, unable to restrain themselves fiom drinking salt water. In the course of the day a rat was caught and divided equally among them. On Saturday the ship was still under water aud the gale blowing as furiously as ever. Saw from the poop that the stem and cutwater were torn away, and the cohering board on each side were started. Ihe fore castle head was gone with some guard irons of the forerigging, and several butts out side started. They drank large quantities o salt water during the day, besides-chewing lead and bits of rope. Sunday, the wind and sea as heavy as ever. Saw two ships not more Zn three miles from them Strange.it may annear, neither of them took any notice ot their a a-ful position ; they passed so close that they distinguished all the sails, spars, A.c. Ihe horrors of starvation now broke upon them, and the thirst was almost maddening, ihey at night discovered a kitten, which had crawled out from below ; it was instantly killed and greedily devoured. Symptoms of seuted- itself among some ot the men. They were still without water, and all,n a \eiy ?ex hausted state; their legs and feet beganito swell very much. Monday.-The weather nothing abated. Drinking immense quantities of salt water. Tuesday .-Still blowing almost a hurricane. Most of them now began to des pair; some wore delirious, and ?^eraJ0?e inenced talking about sacrificing one ot the number to save the rest from being starved to death. The men proposed that they should draw lots to decide who it should be. At fi o'clock in the evening, saw a largc 8'V.P t itisr to the NW. on the larboard tack, and at ?f saw her tack to the SW. They now mado sure that the wreck was seen, and that their sufferings were nearly at an end. A snail look-out was kept, expecting to be relieved m the morning, but, alas ltbey were doomed to disappointment; the ship was out ot ?>gllt Wednesday, February l.?The drew lots. One poor fellow, James Lilley, who appeared to be in a dying state, ottered him Sf to save,he res.. Mr. M'Leod and cheered them up with the Pr(^Pec* of ?bc in- soon relieved. No water. Ihursday. Thc weather moderating. Ihe men were no become unmanageable. The were de^erm^ to have the dying man sacrificed, ihe poor fellow had offered to do the deed himsel?^ he cut his arm in two places to bleed to death, but no blood came. The men afterwards sur rounded him, and one of them cut h? throat Mr. M'Leod says tho scene that followed was most horrible; too horrible to detail. 1' riday. Many of the men frantically mad, and crawling about the deck in a shocking Btate tho ro mainder nearly prostrate, and unable to move Weather moderate. Saturday, Feb. 4, (twelfth dav without food or water.)?Mr. M Leod an . two men were the only portion of the crew who were able to get about. Ihe whole of the re mainder were perfectly pr0strate,andamong them four quite deranged. All, in fact,, wer fast sinking, and could not possibly baAO Siir vived another day, the immense salt water they drank increasing their suffer ings to a frightful degree. At about 9 o clock a vessel wa* observed through the haze. Ibcir situation had been observed, and he^csse was running down to the wreck, and in about ~'?hge hove to .nd seata boat .o .hem The vessel proved to bo the Cuba, of fe,in land, bound to Swansea from Goquimbo, Cap tain F. G. Orcan, master. By the Cuba the poor men were relieved, an already reported.?Jjondon Daily JNeics. Date fakcika ia,gautieki? Marons Glaclc ! ? Something altogether new !?The world is challenged to produce any thing so exquisite in taste as the above novel con fection, just introduced by C. Gautier. towhich he would call the especial attention of the public, as well as to his large assortment of elegant Confec tionary, manufactured daily in hi9 establishment, far superior to any in this country. C. GAUTIER, Penn. avenue, between 12th and 13th streets. Mar ll-3l* FOR THE SPRING TRADE.?Perfume ry, Ilair Washes, Oils, &c. Phalon's, Barry's, Lyon's Katharion Pomatums. Macasser and other Oils, for the hair. Lubin's Extracts for the handkerchief. Lubin's and other Soaps in great variety. In fact our assortment of Perfumery is complete and of the best qualities. STEVENS'S Sales Room, Brown's Hotel. Mar 11?3tcodif First w ard shoe store.?The undersigned respectfully informs the citizens ot the ward, and the public generally, that, in addi tion to his already large stock ol Shoes, he has just received a beautiful assortment of Gentle man's Congress Gaiters, made by one of the first manufacturers in the city of New York ; and also the handsomest assortment of Ladies' black Gai ters, at 1 25 per pair, thnt has ever been offered for sale in this city. Ladies and gentleman will please call and judge for themselves. HENRY L. CROSS, 7 Buildings. Mar 11?eo3t KIN NELL EXPEDITION.?The United States Grinned Expedition in search of Sir John Franklin, a Personal Narrative, by Elisha Kent Kane, M. D., U. S. N. Just received and for sale at the bookstore ot R. FARNHM*, Corner of 11th street and Penn, avenue. Mar 11 MEDICAL CARD.?I>r. Geo. A. Dyer offers his professional vervices to the pub lic. Office and residence at Judge Bibb's, corner of 9th and F streets. Mar 11?dim. TAKE NOTICE.?The subscriber has now on hand a very good assortment of Fine Gold Watches: rich and fashionable 'jewelry; pure Silver Ware, Sec-, 3te., that he is anxious to dis pose of before his New Stock arrives, and will therefore offer great inducements (in the wny of Low Prices) to those who are ill want of such goods. He will therefore sell all kinds of fine goods at from 10 to 2."> per cent, below the usual prices asked elsewhere in this section of the country. He solicits an early call at his store on Penn. itvenue, between and Gth streets. Sign of the Large Spread Eagle. II. 0.1IOOD. Mar 11 SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.?The United Stntes Grinned Expedition in search of Sir John Franklin, by Klish Kent Kane, M. I)., United States Navy. Beautifully Illustrated. Just received at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Mar 0 Bookseller, near 9th street. o b FACIAL ARMY REGISTER FOR 1854.?Official Navy Register for 1&54. Juat published. For sale by TAYLOR dc MAURY, Mar 9 Bookseller, near 9th street.