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INDUSTRY IN THS UNITED STATES?
ENGLISH OPINIONS. A new nation in a new world, it could not be expected that we should all at once be known, understood, q^d appreciated by the old and advanced nations of Europe. But as time pauses and means of speedy intercommunica tion multiply, the ignoranco that has prevailed in regard to our manners, customs, and institu tions is being speedily dispelled. There was more than ignorance?there was prejudice; but that, too, is fast giving way as we become better known. Ju connexion with this subject, and to show that a more liberal feeling exists towards us than has hitherto existed, we take from the London Illustrated News the following article on the social and industrial condition of the United States. It contains some very inter esting extracts from the reports of two of the commissioners sent from England to report on the New York Industrial Exhibition. These commissioners do not confine themselves to observations on the industrial exhibition, but they have extended their iuquiries into the general condition, social, educational, political, and industrial, of our country* Wo do not doubt that the article from the News and its accompanying extracts will prove interesting to all of our readers. It is as follows: Industry in the United States.?The com mission sent from England to report on the New York Industrial Exhibition, have done more to make the industry of the United States known ?n this country than all previous travellers. Two of them, at least, Mr. Joseph Whitworth, tho eminent engineer, or rather tool-maker of Manchester; aud Mr. George Wallis, connected, wo believe, with Birming ham, have made special reports, and their de scriptions are calculated to astonish, and per haps alarm, the devoted admirers aud patriots of Old England. Of the great superiority in future, in point of numbers of the Americans ? to our population; and, indeed, to the popula tion of any single empire of the world, except China, there is no doubt. Betwixt 1801, and 1851, the population of Great Britain and Ireland has nearly doubled, or increased from 16,000,000, speaking in round numbers to 28,000,000, but, in a similar period, between 1800 and 1850, the population of the United States increased from 5,300,000 to 23,000,000, or more than four-fold 5 and there is good rea son to believe that it is increasing in an ac celerating ratio. At the same rate of progress, while our population by the end of the century mavbe 50,000,000,the population of the United States will be nearly 100,000,000. Without positive evidence, it might have been inferred, as only industry and skill can increase the means of subsistence; that the Americans are both industrious and ingenious; and the two commissioners have laid before the public much evidence of this important fact. Not only have the Americans a large continent before them to subdue and fill, but they are achieving their great task with indomitable energy. The most extraordinary part of the matter is that means are everywhere provided for the education of the multitude as they in crease. Every child of either sex goes, or may go, to school. On leavin? school ho is perfectly free to exercise his faculties as nature prompts; be shares in all public discussions ; he has his newspaper; and every one, there fore, of tho increasing multitude will be, as the rule, a perfectly developed human being. There is an abundance of the means of subsistence, united with complete freedom, so that all the faculties, bodily and mental of the vast mass, will grow unrestrained. This is the short sum mary of.the astonishing information the two commissioners have brought from the United States, and have boldly stated to all her Majes ty's subjects. "I could not fail (says Mr. Whitworth) to be impressed, from all I saw there, with the extra ordinary energy of the people, and their pecu liar aptitude in availing themselves of the im mense natural resources of the country. They call in the aid of machinery in almost every department of industry. Wherever it can be introduced as a substitute for manual labor, it is universally and willingly resorted to." For example, in plough-making,eight men are able to Gnish thirty ploughs per day; in door-mak ing, twenty men mako a hundred paneled doors 0 per day, in last-making, the process is complet- a ed in a minute and a half; in sewing, by ma chinery, one woman does the work of twenty; ( in nct-makinjr one woman does the work of a a hundred. "Tho eager resort to machinery, h wherever it can be applied, under the guidance t of superior education and intelligence, is main ly the cause of the remarkable prosperity of the United States." "Combinations to resist 0 the introduction of machinery are unheard of r in the States. The workmen hail with satis faction all mechanical improvements; the im- ? portance and value of which, as saving them from the drudgery of unskilled labor, they are * enabled, by education, to understand and ap- b preciate." "In every State of the Union, and t particularly in the north, education is, by f means of the common schools, placed within t the reach of each individual, and all classes avail themselves of the opportunities afforded. v The desire of knowledge, so early implanted, is greatly increased; while the facilities for using . ft are amply provided, through the instrumen tality of the almost universal press. No taxa- t tion of any kind has been suffered to interfere with the free development of this powerful 1 agent for promoting the intelligence of the peo- c pie ? and the consequence is, where the humblest 1 laborer can indulge in the luxury of his daily < paper, everybody reads, and thought and intel- I ligence penetrate through tho lowest grades of f society. c The observations made by Mr. Wallis confirm t those made by Mr. Whiteworth. 6 Thus the astounding fact is revealed to us by t Mr. Whitworth and Mr. Wallis, that the indi viduals of the mighty mass of human beings existing and coming into existence in North America, are superior to the average of Euro- . peans. If they are not exactly as has been said, a nation of Franklins and Stephensons, they abound in men of energy, genius, and talent, and are as much superior individually, as they are in national progress, to the Italians, the Spaniards, and the Germans. Mr. Whitworth, too, states that the Ameri cans, finding a great plenty of wood in their country?having, in fact to clear it away, in order to get unencumbered ground to cultivate? have applied it to eveqfcpossiblc purpose, and manufacture it by cverykind of labour-saving machinery. They have saw-milb, planing machineB; machines for makingboxes, matches, and lasts; machines for saving labour in mak ing furniture, ploughs, churns carriages, &c. So that Mr. Whitworth, one of the most ingeni ous and well-informed of men, is himself as tonished at the numerous applications of machinery to the manufature of wood. " Eng land has done something in this way," he re marks, " by tho celebrated block-making ma chinery at Portsmouth, but much less than has been done in America." Instead of the Ameri cans borrowing from Europe, tho people of Europe, especially of England, who are best able from their own achievements, to appre ciate what is done elsewhere, are borrowing from America. From ono tbing the Americans have gone to another, without coming through Europe. " The character (says Mr. JVhitworth) thus given to one branch of manufactures has gradually extended to others. Applied to stone uresitingj ono man is enabled to perform as much work as twenty masons by hand. So great, again, arc tho improvements effected in spinning machinery, that one man can attend to a mill Containing 1088 spindles, each spin ning throe hanks, or 3264 hanks in the aggre gate per day. In Hindostan, where they still spin by band, it would be extravagant to ex pect a spinner to accomplish one hank per day: so that in the United States we find the same amount of mannal labor by improved machine ry doing more than 3,000 times the work." On many other points they are eminently successful. They have machines for making shirts entirely, except the gussets; and one woman does as much as from twelve to twenty hand sewers. In applying India rubber to many purposes tbey are eminently successful. They have more railways and telegraphs than any other people, and make more use of them. They do not waste their resources on ornamental buildings before the railway is brought into working order, but, good sense predominating, they study economy in the construction and speedy completion of railways. There are be tween twenty and thirty electric telegraph com panies in the States, and there are not less than 15,000 miles of telegraphic lines, and more are continually being constructed. The lines are used by all classes, and for the conveyance of all kinds of information. Thus, while it is quite true that the Americans derived the beginnings of their knowledge and their arts from Europe, they have longsince gone far ahead of Europeans; and, in material arts, as well as in political and moral regulations, they surpass all that is con sidered, to be excellent in the old world. Their progress, which is connected with their free dom, illustrates its advantages. For the com plete proof that political freedom gives birth to individual superiority in every mau in the States, approximating to the first-rate geniuses of the old world, we are indebted to the elabo rate and excellent reports of Messrs. Whitworth and Wallis. Mr. Whitworth visited and in spected a number of establishments for making steam-engines and machinery of all kinds; he examined all sorts of instruments and all sorts of factories. Mr. Wallis did something of the same kind, but was mora limited in his range, confuting himself chiefly to " manufactures as a result j" while Mr. Whitworth extended his observations to " machinery as a means," in which, says Mr. Wallis, the Americans are re markable for " originality of conception, con struction, and application." While other travellers have glanced over the surface of society in the States, amusing us by its oddities and its merry or farcical contor tions, these commissioners have been privileged .0 inspect the beatings of its youthful and nighty heart, to examine the sinews and the nnscles of its growing and herculean frame; ind the picture which they draw of its impulse md its power excite our admiration of the pro Dhble destiny of mdn on eartb. That civiliza ion proceeds with tolerable uniformity, seems jxemplified by the past history of Europe, rhat all nations are hereafter to grow and ex >and together more than heretofore, seems lighly probable from the rapidly increasing :ommunication between all. The most distant n space are brought within a few days or weeks >f each other. The oldest and the newest? jhina and America?are in close and continual lommunicalion. Therefore, we may hope all nankind will become what the Americans are. Vt least, the addition, in a century, of one hun Ired millions to the population"of the civilised vorld?the addition being in advance of the najority of.the nations of Europe, as much as hese are in advance of the majority of the na ions of Asia, will have a wonderful fend bene icial influence on the progress of all. Into the various important detaUs of the different manu actures carried on we cannot follow the reports >f the commissioners; but from no other writ ngs or books that we are acquainted with can iO much information be obtained of what is do ng in America, or such an insight be gained nto society there. ITEMS OP NEWS. Murder of Indians.?The Council Blurt's (Iowa) 3ugle, of the 2d inst., says that on the 30th ult. hree Indians visited a camp of emigrants near here, and being somewhat excited with whisky old them by the whites, a quarrel took place, the ndians "clinched" with some of the whites, and vere expelled from the camp. A cry was raised hat the Indians had attempted to rob and murder he whites; they were pursued by forty or fifty irmed men, two ofthein shot dead, and the third nortally wounded. We are glad to sec that the leople were so indignant at this brutal butchery, hat the emigrants crossed the river in haste for ear of a lynching. The same paper mentions nother murder of an Indian, as was supposed, by ome reckless emigrant. Can we wonder that "Indian outrages" are so requent, when such bruial butcherie* as the above re perpetrated almost daily with impunity ? What etter than bloody retaliation can be expected of be untutored savage ? , Naval.?The Portsmouth Chronicle states that n Wednesday last, orders were received at the avy yard on that station, to proceed with the en irgement and completion of the frigate Santee. 'he Santee is a frigate of about 1,700 tons, and iras put up in 1821. It is proposed to lengthen er out about twenty feet, sharpen her ends, and huS make her a clipper. The model and plans ir her enlargement have been sent to Washing jn and approved, so that the work now will be rosecuted with vigor.*. A few men are also at rorkon the Franklin, which is to be rebuilt as a team-propeller. Thb Last one of our Old Soldiers.?Mr. Rob ert M. Powell, a soldier in our revolutionary army, lied at his residence near Blootnery, in this county, m the 13th instant. Mr. P. had reached the ad -anced age of 94. lie was attached to the south rn line of the continental army during the revo utionary war, and was in active service at Guil brd, C.H., North Carolina. lie was the last one if the noble band of heroes?the connecting link tetween this age and the one which "tried men's ouls"?who resided in this county. He lived, he lied a man.?Romney (Va.) Intelligencer. Attempt to Assassinate.?The Pointe Coupee Echo states that nn attempt was made on the 7th nstant to assassinate Mr. Basso, of that parish. Ie was on his way home about sunset, when he vas-fired at from behind a tree, by a man who mmediately after fled. Mr. Basso was wounded n the head and neck with several buck-shot but lis wounds are not of a dangerous character. A German has been arrested charged with the crime. [2V. O. Crescent. The Fisheries.?The Montreal Pilot, of Satur lay says, that Government arc about to reorganize :he expedition for the protection of the English lisheries in the Gulf. Dr. Fostin to be in com mand, as formerly, and the expedition to be at the Magdalen Islands at the commencement of the her ring fishery. Tho St. John times does not like the present aspect of tho fishery question, especial ly the withdrawal of the British cruisers. Frauds by Importers?The Wecker, a German paper published in Baltimore, says, that Mr. Sadt ler, the secretary of the U. S. Consul at Manheim, Germany, will shortly return to this country, in order to lay before the Secretary of the Treasury the proofs of divers frauds perpetrated upon the United States government by German importers. Naval Orders?It is stated thnt orders have been sent by the Secretary of the Navy to delay all vessels of war under sailing orders, and hold them in readiness for immediate service. This precaution has been taken, it is alleged, in view of our present critical relations with Spain. ? ' Matrimonial.?Mrs. Mowatt, the actress, is to be married on the Oih of June?balmy month!?at Ravenswood, Long Island?to whom, the public have already been apprised, through the news papers. focal anb ^trsonal. The Proclamation of the Mayor of Washing ton meets with much favor on the part of our citi zens generally. It having been made to appear to his satisfaction that animals of the dog kind are mad, or, as the Frenchman said, " a rabbit, he has directed that all canines shall be confined for the space of sixty days; otherwise be subjected to slaughter by the police officers, who have much surplus time on their hands now-a-days, and no other use for their revolvers. If in this city and neighborhood, as has been said of other countries, dogmeat were an essential part of the oleaginous links, vulgarly called sausages, a trade might here spring up in dogs equal to that of Cincinnati in the porcine article which, we presume, should really compose that description of savoury food. W-e love the decept, well-ordered dog which wears a collar as an evidence thtfl he belongs to a tax-pnying geutleman. This mark attaches re sponsibility to the " live-stock." But your loafer, unticketed cur or bull, with "a roving commis sion " to bark at, and bite, aud tear quiet pedes trians, is an object of terror, and should either re ceive his "quietus with a bare bodkin," or by some other means more in consonance with Christian usages. However revolting to our feelings a massacre of canines, the public safely requires the course now proclaimed by the Mayor. The owners of dogs worth having, will be govern ed accordingly. Municipal Elections,?The contest for city officers, has already waxed a warm, and, so far as our fellow-citizens are concerned, the Nebraska Kansas question sinks into insignificance when compared to the Mayoralty. It is generally con ceded that the grand "lug of war ' will be with the respective friends of Messrs. Maury and Towers ; both named John, and both worlhy gen tlemen. We regret to learn that belting on the result has been resorted to, as if the sweepstakes were not already sufficiently exciting. Daily, new names are announced for the City Councils. The per diem of a "city father ' is two dollars, without the "roast-beei,"' but with an occasional free ride 10 witness the drawing ol a "Perham lottery," or to inspect city railroads. However, we are far from ever intimating that such personal considerations enter into the calcu lations of any of the candidates whomsoever The honor of the staiion is the glittering prize which induces the stripping for the race. The Fragments ot the Iron Bridge, lately spanning Rock Creek, and which fell on Satutday last, are to be sold at auction to the highest bidder by direction of the city councils, who, on Monday, passed an act for that purpose. They have like wise provided for the appointment of a committee, to examine, ascertain, and report upon the best mode of communication between Georgetown and Washington at the point ofthe late disaster. We are glad to see action thus early taken to remedy the abridgement of intercourse with our ancient neighboring city.' Mr. Wannall, in the board of common council, introduced a resolution, which was referred to the committee on improvements, with a view to the building of stone piers under the iron structures which now stretch over the Washington city canal. The Alarm of Fire, on Monday night, about nine o'clock, was occasioned by the burning of an old small frame unoccupied building, in the First Ward, near the outskirts ofthe city. The build ing was of small value, and was totally destroyed. We learn that at a late hour, a stable containing i cow, was likewise consumed by fire in the same part of the city; the incendiary being still at work. Yesterday morning a burning chimney of Ca rusi's Saloon caused not a little alarm. The ac tion of fire companies resulted in a complete washing of one of the outside walls of that time-honored edifice. The Varietc.?Mr.Silsbee,the Yankee delinea ;or, who gained such immense popularity in Lu ?ope, will make his first appearance to-night. Ow ng to the serious illness of Signorina Soto, her idmirers must bear with resignation their disap pointment. But this will be in a groat measure jvercome by the peculiar representations of Sils ?ee, who never allows any one to leave his pres ?nee without being in good nature with himselt ind the u rest of mankind." Distinguished Arrivals..?Earl Elgin, Gov" ?rnor General of Canada; Colonel Bruce, his jrother, and aid-de-camp; Hon. Francis Ilincks, nspector general of Canada, and Hon. C.B.Chand er, of New Brunswiok, arrived in Washington jn Monday night, and are stopping at the National Hotel. They visited the House of Representa ives, and held a kind of reception in the lobby, 1 large number of the members having been in troduced to them. Garden Fruits.?In the Centre market, yes lerday, strawberries ranged from eighteen to fitly cents, and cherries were twenty-five cents a juart; green peas from thirty-seven to fifty cents a peck. Wright & Crosby's Furniture Store.?At llris establishment, located on Louisiana avenue, will be found a great variety of elegant furniture The workmanship is of thebest description, and Ihe quality and price cannot fail to render satistac lion. married, a. iy,B ifith instant, In Union Methodist Episcopal church by'alc Rcv F.'l.UArx, CHARLES CARK0L1. to toiUIm MARY ANN BUKGEVIN, of Newbern, North Carolina PIED, On Sunday evening last, aged 78 years, Mrs. MARTHA SESSVORD, *lf.< of Mr. John SsssroRD, sr., a raddent of this city for the Inst fifty-four y*we. At 4% o'clock on Sunday morning, the ilut Instant, JOHN T. FROST, Eeq., In his 80th year. The spiritual medium; or, to Daimonion, by Traverse Oldfield. The Life of Archibald Alexander, D. D., first professor in the Theological Seminary at Prince ton. New Jersey, just published. Natural Goodness; or, Honor to whom Honor is Due, by Mercein. Sunlight through the Mist; or, Conversations between a Mother and her Children. De Quincey's Theological Essays and other ^sTrug^les for life; or, the Autobiography of a Dissenting Minister. The Woodcutter of Lebanon and the Exiles ol Lucerna. ? Mabel Grant, a Highland story, by R. II. Ballan ly Charles Roussel; or, Industry and Honesty, by the author ol Three Months under the Snows. A Lamp to the Path ; or, the Bible in the Heart, the Home, and the Market-place, by W. K. TTh^Godly Pastor : Life of Rev. Jeremiah Hal IO<Hon)c Trutht, by Rev. J. C. Ryle. May^-S't* by GRAY fc BALLANTYNE. IANOS FOR SALE AMD R-ENT.?The subscriber has in store a very handsome Rose wood Piano, seven octaves, which will be dis posed of on accommodating terms. Also, lor rent, two fine instrument* jr^NTZINGER, Stationers' Hall, adjoining Irving Hotel. , Msy 21 Stltgrxpftu. By the IIoum IJna, expruaaljr tor th? BentLuel. CALIFORNIA ARMIVAli. New Orleans, May 22.-?'The steamer United States arrived here to-day, from Aspiawali May I7tb. She renorts that the Illinois sailed on the same day for New York, with four hundred pas sengers and seven hundred thousand dollars in treasure. The markets were dull, and the prices of leading articles were depressed. Gallego and Hnxall flour nt twelve dollars. The United States brings California news to tbe lirst of May. Mr. Dillon, the Freuch consul, having been arrested and brought into court to tes tify in the case of the Mexican consul, had struck his (lag, and will not raise it agaiu till ordered by the emperor. The Mexican consul has been found guilty, but was recommended to mercy. Colonel Freemont arrived on tho lGih of April, completely broken up, with only twenty men left, the greater part having deserted after crossing the Colorado. The ship Golden Fl?ece, in beating out of the harbor 011 the twenty-second, struck upon the rocks and became a total wreck. The barque Walter Claxton was capsized, and thirteen lives lost. The steamer Gazelle exploded in the Columbia river, Oregon, killing twenty-five persons and wounding thirty more. Accouuts from the mining districts were most flattering. The United States reports that on the 5th instant Santa Anna summoned Acapulco to surreiuleij The summons was refused by Alvarez, who sal l lied out and attacked Santa Anna's troops, and J took three hundred prisoners. Santa Anna is re- j ported to have fled. Non-arrival of the America. Halifax, May 23,1 p. m.?There are no signs up to the present hour o( tho royal mail steamer America, now fully due, with dales from Liver pool to the 13th instant, three days later than brought by the steamer Franklin. Boy Murdered. Boston, May 23.?George Engincman, nineteen years of age, was found this morning lying dead on the sidewalk, with his scull beaten in, appa- ' rently by a heavy club. Melancholy Casualty. Haverhili., (Mass .) May '<23.?Mr.-. Leord, wife ' of a respectable citizen ol this place, drowned 1 herself and infant yesterday, while laboring under a temporary attack of insnnity. Markets. j New Yokk, May 23.?Flour is firm, with sales of f),000 barrels, at $8 (a) $6 81 for State and Ohio. Sales of 6,000 barrels southern, at $8 50 @ 8 87J; the market unchanged Wheat is firm, w.tli sales j Df 3,250 bushels western red, at 203. Corn is higher, with sales of 40,000 bushels, at 66 for mixed, and 78 for yellow. Pork, beef, lard, and whisky are firm and unchanged. ? 1 New Orleans, May 20.?Cotton ; sales to-day < of 7,000 bales, at 7J (a> 75 lor middling. Lard: prices are higher; sales in kegs, at 10J. *???*???????? ] New Books.?Joe Shillington has sent us the * following works: " The Dodd Family Abroad," by ChArles Lever. Published by Harper Brothers, ^ New York. Price 75 cents. The works of this t author require no criticism of us to make them 1 sell. " Tbe Bride of the Wilderness," by Emerson Bennett. Published by Peterson, Philadelphia. t Price 50 cents. This is n purely American tale of 1 1773. The scene is laid in Virginia. Godcy's Lady's Br.ok, for June, elegantly illus- J trated and as attractive us ever to lady readers. Part second of Martin Merrivale. All for sale ! t>y Shillington, corner of 4 J street and Ptf. avenue. i No Secret Treaty.?The correspondent of J .he Baltimore Sun in this city says that letters 1 from a high source in England state most posi- < :ively that no secret treaty has been formed with J France and Spain for the protection of Cuba. 1 ' ] From Mexico.?It is now reported that Santa Anna has returned to his capita), after having so far overcome the forces of Alvarez, as to render his presence no longer necessary at the seat of the rebellion. Incendiaries are busy at Richmond Virginia. Da Saturday night there were four fires there, con luming the stables of William Callen, John Lewis, ind Muscovite Montague, and an unoccupied build ng. The kitchen attached to a dwelling (burned last week) was also set on fire, but the flames were extinguished. *? ? Senator Everett's Letter of Resignation. Boston*, May 21, 1854. Senator Everett lias written the following etter to Governor Washburn : Boston, May 18, 1854. Sir : I regret to have to inform you that I im under thenecessity of resigning my seat in the Senate of the United States. When I con sented to be a candidate for that place, thd im roved state of my health led rae to hope that ' should, in that respect, be fully equal to its iuties?a hope afterwards confirmed by the ex perience of a laborious winter in the Depart ment of State. I was, however, in the course of last autumn, much indisposed, and during the present session of Congress my health bus been greatly impaired. It is now such as to make it impossible for me, either with respect to daily attendance on the Senate, or the ade quate preparation for important subjects of dis cussion?not to mention the burden of busi ness correspondence, which is very heavy, to \ discharge my official duties in a proper manner. This must of necessity be still more the case with the advance of the warm season, and the , increasing length of the daily sessions, and I could not persevere in the effort, without in curring the risk of the most serious conse quences. For this reason, after anxious delib eration, and in obedience to the decisive opin ion of my long experienced, and eminent family physician, Dr. Warren, I have felt it my duty to resign my seat: the resignation to take effect on the first of June. In thus retiring from the public service to which, with little intermission. I have devoted myself for thirty years, I beg leave to express my deep and grateful sense of obligation for the many distinguished marks of confidence with which I have been honored by the peoplo and the legislature of my native State, and by the Executive of tho Union. With my fervent prayers for the honor aad welfare of our beloved commonwealth apd country, I remain, sir, most respectfully, your obedient servant, EDWARD EVERETT. To his excellency, Gov. Wasubcrn. The Great Annular Eclipse. To the Editors of the Baltimore American: - Gentlemen: The senior class of the College of St. James, after having studied the theory of eclipses, have successfully applied it to the computation of the times of beginning, greatest obscuration, and ending of the approaching solar eclipse on the afternoon of the 26th of the present month, both for the geographical position of the college, and for tnat of Balti more. The method of computation employed in determining the circumstances of the eclipse for the college, is the analytical one originally proposed by Lagrange, and subsequently modi fied by Bessel, Lubbock, and others; a par ticular case of which is the method used by Mr. Downes in the American Nautical Alma nac for computing occultations. The data for the computation were taken from the British Nautical Almanac; and though the result is strictly correct onl* for the college, yet, on accouut of very small errors in the data, and the slight change which a few miles variation in the geographical position would produce, the times, Ac., for the college may be con sidered the same, at least, to the nearest minate, for Hagerstown, Williamsport, Boonsboro', Sharpsburg, and the surrounding country gen erally, within ten or fifteen miles. In the computation for Baltimore, the geo graphical position of the Washington monu ment, given in the "American Almanac," was employed, and the labor of computation much abridged by using the formula and tablea of data recently published specially for this eclipse by the Smithsonian Institution and Nautical Almanac establishment, under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy. The results are for the College of St. James: h. m. s. Time of beginning. .3 56 2?3 p. m., Col. mean time. Oreatcstobscu'tion .5 10 13 " 41 " " Time of ending... .6 2-1 25 " " " " Magnitude, at greatest obscuration, very nearly 10 digits. For Baltimore. b. m. s. Time of beginning. .4 0-1 17 p.m., Bait, mean time, (?reatestobscu'tiou.5 25 " " " ? Time of ending... .6 28 53 " " " " Magnitude, at greatest obscuration, about 10 d'S'ta- George W. Coakelky. Movements of Ocean steamers. WIOM UNIT El) STATES. Ships. Leave. For. Days. Canada Boston Liverpool .. May 24 Caliawba New York.. Ilav&Mo'le.May 25 Atlantic New York..Liverpool . .May 27 Europa New York.. Liverpool . .May 31 Franklin New York..Havre June 3 North Star New York. .Aspinwall. .June 5 FROM EUROPE. Franklin........Havre New York. .May 10 Cityof Mauche'r. Liverpool . . l'hiladel'a. .May 10 America Liverpool . .Itoston May 13 t,lyde Glasgow .. .New York..May 15 Arctic Liverpool ..New York..May 17 Asia Liverpool . .New York..May 20 Hermann Bremen....New York. .May24 MUNICIPAL. NOMINATIONS. _ *S~ Memrn. Editors I Please nnuouued John H. Houston as a candidate in the Fifth war for the Hoard of Aldermen at the ensuing election. 31 aJ' 22 MANY VOTERS. it J- Please announce the name of Bev erley Tucker as a candidate for Alderman of the First ward at the ensuing election. May 0 JOS. II. HILTON, for Committee. Vg~ Please announce Samuel 13. Douglass is a candidate for Alderman of the First ward at die ap proaching election. MANY VOTERS. May 0 Messrs. Editors? Please announce the uame of James W. Sheuhun, as a candidate for the Board of Common Council for the First ward at the ensu ing flection. May 17 MANY VOTERS. _?*?" Messrs. Editors i Please announce Jobn T. Ktllmon a* a candidate to represent the Fifth ward in tho Board of Common Council, and oblige " MANY VOTERS. S&T Messrs. Editors* Please announce the name of Mr. William H. Minix an a can lidate to represent the First ward in tho Hoard of Common Jouncll, and obligo MANY VOTEHS. May 7 Messrs. Editors < Please annnunce E. H. Puller as a candidate to represent the First ward in .he board ofCommon Council. By request of May 13 MANY VOTERS. A3*Mesars. Editors t Please announce tlie allowing gentlemen as candidates for the First ward at ?he coming election: II. N. Easuy, James Kllly, Jons Esi'ev. They will bo supported by May 13 MANY VOTERS. Washington, May 9, 1854. 43*-Messrs. Editors i I observe my name mnouneed through the columns of your paper us a candi late for re-election to the Board of Aldermen. 1 wish it understood that lam not a candidate for reflection. With many thanks to my good friends in the First ward 'or their-lcindness, I subscribe myself theirs and your obo licnt servant, THOS. V. MORGAN. ?May 10?3t Oilman's Ilair Dye has made its appearance n our city, very much to the gratification of our roung beaux who wear red whiskers or musta :hios. Gentljmen are now seen going into our lair-dressing saloons with hair, whiskers, musta :hios, and eyebrows of all imaginable colors, and n five minutes they will appear on the street liav ng them entirely changed and decidedly improved Dy a lustrous black, obtained by using Oilman's Dye.?Norfolk Herald. . For sale by Z. D. Gilman, Chemist, Washington City Stimulating Liniment, as prepared at Oilman's drug store, is deserving of the highest com mendation ns a cure for Chronic and Acuto Rheumatism. It seldom, if ever, fails to give speedy and permanent re lief. This Liniment has been prepared by /. D. Gilman, chanmt of this city fbr many years, and sinco its introduc tion lias been extensively used by many of the most re spectable families in tho District and vicinity, to whom reference can be made at any time as to its magical effects In curing Rheumatism, even iu elderly persons, who had been sufferers for a long time. It was originally made for liorses, for the cure of lameness, saddle galls, Ac., and is now much used for such purposes, being an invaluablo article wherever a Liniment is required either for man or Seas*. May 23 Special Notice?HENRY'S INVIGORATINO CORDIAL.?The merits of this purely vegetable extract Tor the removal and cure of physical prostration, genital iebility, nervous affections, Ac., Ac., are fully described in mother column of this paper, to which the reader is re ferred. $2 per bottle, 3 bottles for fo, six bottles for $8, fl 6 per dozen. Observe the marks of the genuine. Prepared only by S. E. COHEN', No. 3 Franklin Row, Vino1 street, bolow Eighth, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Kor solo by all tho respoctable druggists and merchants .liroughout tho country, and by W. II. GILLMAN, Washington, D. C. CANBY A HATCH, Baltimore. PEEL A STEVENS, Alexandria, Vs., Wholesale Agents for Virginia. For sale, a three-story brick. House and Lot on New York avenue, near 7ih street and opposite the market-house. The building contains a store-room and commodious dwelling, and is a good stand for business; it has recently been put in first-rnte order. Possession yiven immediately. For terms, which will be very uasy, apply to JAMES J. MILLEIR, Real Estate Agent, May 11?tf Over Selden, Withers & Co. WE WOULD INFORM THE LADIES and the publie that we have just received a new and splendid assortment of SHOES, wluoh we will sell low. As they have been made to our own order by the most celebrated manufactu rers of the north, they cannot fail to give entire satisfaction. We have on hand the Albon: Gaiter, which, for neatness and durability, cannot bo surpassed. Also, a great variety of Gaiters, Half-Gaiters, Morocco and Kid Boots, of different colors. Mack and bronzu Buskins and Slippers Misses' colored Gaiters, Boots, and Slippers We also call attention to our stock of White Kid Gaiters, Black, Bronze, and White French Kid Slippers, for the May balls. Call and examine for yourselves. S. C. MILLS & CO., Cheap Cash Shoe Store, No. 3, Washington Place, 7th street. Apr 28?1 w French shirt bosoms.?mis day received, a fresh and large supply of the new and fashionable French Shirt Bosoms Shirt makers and others will find this article not only elegant, but nt low prices. The sales of this nr tic e have been very large, and are still on the increase. The trade as usual supplied nt STEVENS'S May 21?3tif Sales Room, Brown's Hotel. MEDICAL CARD.?Drs. It. & j. Hunter, (physicians for diseases of the ch^st, See. beg to announce that they will remove to New York on the Gth of December next, or as soon thereafter as they shall have completed desired professional arrangements in regard to their prac tice in Washington and Baltimore. The motive for this change is that of being more central and easy of access to those visiting thetn from distant parts of the Union. Dr. James Hunter will, during the winter, visit professionally St. Augustine, Jacksonville, and the principal resorts for invalids on the southern coast. Dr. Robert Hunter will visit Washington and Baltimore on professional business once in each month after December. Will be published in January next an American edition of Sir Charles Scudamore's work on Inha lation, witk an "Introduction," "Notes," *nd an Appendix, by R. Hunter, M. R. C. S. Nov 16? ly (m) NO. 2*3, CHESTNUT ST., ABOVE TTH., Philadelphia. A. F. GLASS, PROPRIETOR. GEORGE EARP, JR., GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANT, FOR THE SALE OP Bar, Bloom, Scotch and American Foundry and Forge Pig Iron, Pig Lead, Lead Pipe, Sheet Lead, fe. No. 56 North Wharves, above Race Street, PHILADELPHIA. $m?s tmtnt. RI8.LEY'S VARIETY INCREASED ATTRACTION! Engagement of josssi^sbbb.! ON WEDNESDAY EVENING, i?/i/y21, Will be performed, the Yankee comedy of THE FOREST ROSE. JonathanPloughboy Mr. SILSBEEt After.which, the petite Yankee comedy of WIFE FOR A DAY. Nathan Tucker Mr- SILSBEE To commence with the DAY AFTER THE WEDDING. Due notice wilt be given of the first appearance of SIONOHITA SOTO. SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT. COLONEL COUNT ESTVAN, COUN tess Muria De Estvao, Laerra Dc Lacy, from Huucary, assisted by Chevalier De Szeuielong, the celebrated Pianist of Baltimore, will give one of their Grund and Brilliant Concerts on Saturday eveuing, May 27. at Carusi'B Saloon. Subscription List at llilbusi; Hitz s Music Depot. For particulars see future advertisement. May 21?3t o POSTPONEMENT. N account ol' the burning of the draw , , of the Long Bridge tho following races will not commence until the TWENTIETH DAY OV JUNK, by which time the bridge will be repaired d/" The papers publishing the advertisement, will please announce the postponement. THE TIME CHANGED. WASHINGTON (D. C.) SPRING RACES, COLUMBIA HACE COURSE, Alexandria County, V a. THE spring RiCES over theabov? course will commence on the rUL/ttiii THURSDAY in May, 1S54, and contiuue through out the week. .. . First D?y.?TUESDAY, May 2.-d, sweepstakes free for all horses owned in Maryland, District ol Columbia, and Virginia, weight for age. Entrance, $25, with u purse of $50 added by the proprietor. Mile heats, three or more to make a race. Also, immediately after the sweepstake race, a purse of $50 will be given, free lor all trotting horses; mile and repeat, to harness. " Second Day.?W EDNESDAY, May 24, purse of ?100 ; mile heats, best 3 in 5. Third Day.?THURSDAY, May 25, purse ol 1200; two-mile heats. Fourth Day.?FRIDAY, May 20th, purse ol 1300; four-mile heats. Entrance for purses 15 per cent., to be made with the proprietor the evening previous to the race, [n all cases three or more to make a race; two to start. The races to be governed by the rules ol the Richmond course, Virginia. Abundant stabling for horses will be provided, Tree of expense, on the grounds. Having completed the enclosure of the trade, ind made other improvements on the place, the proprietor informs the public that nothing will be found wanting on his part to give satisfaction to those fond of the sport. May l CYRUS MARTIN, Proprietor. MORE NEW SPRING GOODS PJ. STEER. MERCHANT TAILOR, . is now opening another supply of choice SPU ING and SUMMER GOODS, to which he invites the attention of Members of Congress, Strangers, and Citizens. The stock is large and very complete, embrac ing almost every variety of Gentlemen s Goods, usually kept by Merchant Tailors. We solicit an inspection by tho public of our uoods, workmanship, and prices. No.4, Washington Place, Seventh street. May 24?3tif 4 HECK 1IOOKS ON THE BANK. OF i the Metropolis, Bank of Washington, and Patriotic Bank, Blank Notes and Bills of Exchange, for sale by W. C. ZANTZINGEK, Stationers' Hull, adjoiuing Irving Hotel. May 24?3tif IT^UR NITURE.?A Good and Large As ^ sortment of Centre, Card, Work, Side, and fcxtension Dining Tables, of every description, and superior quality. Solas, Tete-a-tetes, Divansj Easy llockiag and Parlor Chairs of every descrip tion. Secretaries and Bureaus, reaus. LOOKING GLASSES Oh EVER\ DE SCRIPTION. Matresses, Curled Hair, tlair Seatings, Sofa and Chair Springs, with numerous other articles suitable for housekeepers, which ct"X'e!d "WIGHT rCR<?SBt Louisiana a\enue, opposite the Bank of Wash ington, near the corner of 7th street. Notice the Bedstead sign. May 24?8m. A K E NOTIC E.-Housekeepers and others are reminded that the following list ol articles are of the very best description, and pan be purchased from the subscriber on as low terms as any other house in the city. A large assort ment and supply always on hand: Oils of all kinds. Queensware, Paints, Brushes, Camphine, Clocks, Varnish, Lamps, Turpentine, Chandeliers, Window Glass, Giroudoles, China, Vases. Earthenware, Britannia ware, Glass, &c-'. ^c- . Goods sent to any part of* the city free charge. Country dealers will do well to call. cnarge. v.o y ^ g WHITTLESEY, 7th street, Opposite Selden & Withers's Bank. Mar 16 (Star.) FANS Ah assortment ol handsome t ans jusl opened by w (, ZANTZINGER, Stationers' Hall, adjoining Irving Hotel May 21?3tif - THOMPSON & CARNER, Merchant Tai lors, Morfit's building, 4 J street, near Penn sylvania avenue, would most respecttu ly 'Oiorm their friends, the public in general, and the olti pa. irons of Joseph R. Thompson, in pnn.ciilnr tha1 thev have received their Spring Supply of Croons "which to be admired needs but to be seen , and which they will make to order, in "?y'? nl" lit, to please the tastes ol the most lastidious, ol allFavor us with a call. Our motto is ; " We study to please." Mnr MAYOR'S PROCLAMATION?V* hereaa by the act entitled "An act relating to dogs, jved 25th July, l?2l), and the act amending The'same approved 27th April. 1SJ6, it is provided "that whenever it shall be made to appear to the satisfaction of the Mayor that any animal ol the doi kind within this ci y shall be deemed and con sidered mad, it shall be the duty ol the Mayor t< issue his proclamation requiring that all o( the dog kind shall be kept conhned lor sue number ofdays as he shall deem expedient and ?n ntt% in such proclamation, not ex eeedtnV ninety days; and it shall be the duty of the city constables and lawful lor any other person !o kill and bury all and every dog going at large contrary to the said proclamation, Ate. Now, therefore, it having been made to appear to my satisfaction that there are " animals ol the dog kind" mad within this city, I do hereby give notice to all whom it may concern that all ani nmls of tho dog kind ' in this city are required be kept confined for and during the term of sixty day- from the dale hereof; and the police oflicers of this Corporation are required to enfore the law in respect to all such as may lie found going Inree contrary to this proclamation. Given under my hand at the Mayor s oflice, the city of Washington, this 20th day ol May, 1854. JOHN W. MAURY, May 22?eo3tdclaw5w Mayor. mo SENATORS AND MEMBKKSO^ JL the House ol Represeiitatlvcs.- A K' '> ^ man who has had twenty years expe 1 parliamentary, legal, aJ* hours Europe and America, having se service -Ch5.,, ^do ei'h., for ot.nj genllen,.n h?vi e w'je JIi uon the press or of any oth ^^ unti, the ad. some mode <employmg q( CongreM he j ^rform if Tt^mTs V^d\ munications Missouri avenue, will meet skssssss? ?-jsar order. Statijntrj, it. JEW BOOKS REC EIVED AT SHIL LHfOTON'S Bookstore? The Dodd Family, by Charles Lever, author of Charles O'Malley. Behind the Scenes, by Lady Bulwer Lytton. The Lamplighter, one of the moat fascinating books ever written. Everything in the Book, Newspaper, and Sta tionery line tor sale at JOE SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4$ May 23?3t street and Pa. avenue. IjlANCY AND PLAIN NOTE PAP EMS and Envelopes, stamped to order.?The sub scriber has a large assortment of'Note Papers and En vslopes, which he will stomp with the initials of his customers, without extra charge. Also, a general assortment of l'lain and Fancy ?Stationery, Visiting Cards of all kinds, Playing Cards, dec. * Card Plates engraved in the best style, and Cards printed with promptness. WM. P. BAYLY, Penn. avenue, between 11th and i2th sts. May 21?eod4w# NEW WORK BY HENRY ROGERS, author of the ''Eclipse of Faith," entitled A Uelence of the Eclipse of Faith, by its author, be ing a rejoinder to Professor Newmnn'a * Reply und, in order to give the American public the whole matter at a glance, there is included in tho same volunle the "Reply to the Eclipse of Faith," l>y F. W.Newman, with his chapter on the "Moral Perfection of Christ." ? For sale by GRAY <fc BALLANTYNE, * May l'J?3t Seventh street. RUSSIA AS IT IS, by Count A. de rowski. A fresh supply this day received and for sale by R. FARNHAM* Corner Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. I^X AM PEES OP MACHINERY AND j Mill-work?Being plans, sections, and eleva tion of works in several departments of Machine ry, Mill-work, and General Engineering, with de criptions of their construction, action, and practical application to various branches of industry. Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, Corner of 11th st. and Penn. avenue. May 11 AZETGEK OF THE UNITED States.?A new and complete Gazeteer ot the United States, giving a full and comprehen sive view of the present condition, industry, and resources of the American Confederacy, embrac ing also important topographical and historical in formation, from recent and original resources, to gether with the results of the census of 16.00, and copulation and statistics in many cases to 1853, yy Thomas Baldwin and J. Thomas, D. D. N. B.?This work contains at least ten thousand lames of places not found in any other book ot lie kind, and presents a large amount of new and /aluable matter unattainable in any other source, rhis new matter is all of a recent charucter, and n many instances embraces statistics and popula ion to 18S3, obtained since the census was taken, rhis gives it inestimable vulue over every other Arork of the kind in existence. Just received and or sale at R* FARNHAM'S, Corner of 11th street and Pennsylvania avenue. .Inn 25?tf BALTIMORE EVENING TIMES, 2d volume,' ONLY 10 CENTS A WEEK; OR$5 A YEAR. Containing the latest news, Political, Foreign, Monetary, and Commercial, ^EXCLUSIVELY BY TKLEGEAPH,-?* AX a hea*'y expense.. Anticipating in the west and south, The New York papers 21 hours. The Philapelphia do IS " The Baltimore morning do-???...,.12 " Address '* Timtoa" ollice, Adams <Sc Co.'s Iron Building. Baltftnore. Hugh Cameron, corner La. av. and 7th street, Washington city, agent for the District of Colum bia. C. G. BAYLOR, Feb 10?Oteodtf Sole proprietor. For sale, thirty-seven and a half acres of Land, lying within half a mile of llie Plank Road, and within three miles of the limits of ;ln -i'y The most of the tract is in wood, lies %vul for cultivation, with two line springs on it, under good fencing, and admirably adapted for a market farm. The wood when sold will pay for the necessary improvement#. Terms easy. Apply to JAMES J. MILLER, Over Selden, Withers & Co.'s Bank. May 11?eolm ILT CORNICES AND LACE CUR tains.?I have just received from New York an extensive and splendid assortment of Gilt Cornices and Lace Curtains. Also, a large assortment of Picture Cord and Tassels. Added to the above, I have just received n splendid stock of Window Shades, which I will offer on the best terms. JNO. ALEXANDER. Pennsylvania avenue, bet. llth and 12th sts. May G?3taw3w NOTICE.?Application will be made for a duplicate laud warrant, issued March 'ittth, lb53, being No. 40.382, for eighty (SO) acros ofland, n favor of Thomas G. Riley, for services rendered n South Carolina militia, Florida war. 1830, the >riginal warrant having been lout in Washington. May G?lawGw JOSIAII JOHNSON. KOBES: ROBES!?A full supply of Gent's Dressing Robes of Cashmere, Turkey stints, ifcc., suitable for the present season, at LANE'S Gent's Furnishing Store, Pa. av., near 4J st. May 5?eod2wif (Int., Star.) EW AND FASHIONABLE GOODS.? WM. H. STANFORD, Mereiatl Tailor north side of Pennsylvania avenue, uiu ?? Gaos. Iiy's Hotel, has just returned from New korK, and is now opening a handsome and complete stock of Spring Goods of the latest styles and importa tions, to which lie would call the attention of his friends and the public in general; all o( which W'll be made to order in the most fashionable and ele gant style, at the shortest notice, and at the very lowest possible price. Also, a complete assortment of Furnishing Goods, such as Shirts, Drawers, Suspenders, Stocks, Cravats, &c., with a superior lot of Kid Gloves, direct from the importer in ?ew York. Mar 17?2aw3wif ANTED TO EI ND THE FIRST PER son that has taken Eastman's Headache Remedy, according to directions, who has not been entirely relieved, call at OILMAN'S May 12 Drug Store. S~~TRAW HATS! STRAW HATS I?Just receiving, a large and beautiful assortment jf Straw Hats for men and boys, such as Panama, Leghorn, Centon, Palm Leaf, &c., of all qualities and prices, which will be sold low, at LANE'S Hat and Gehtlemen's Furnishing Store, Pennsyl vania avenue, near 4$ street Apr 28?eod 2wif COOK W ANTED*?For a first rate Cook liberal wages will bo given. Apply at the corner of 10th street and Pennsylvania avenue. May 20?3t Dr. VAN PATTEN, SURGEON DENTIST, Penn. avenue, between 6th and 7th sts., next to Todd's Hat Store. Sep 21--tf TTALUABLE LOTS AT PRIVATE y Sale.?Lots 5 and t? in square 38, Iroiiting 02 feet 6 inches on Pennsylvania avenue, and .>7 feet on the circle. There is a good brick dwelling on the premises. Title irid/sputaWe. ,For teuna inquire of JOS. H.HILTON, May 2 lw Gn the premises. TMFTY DOLLARS REWARD? Lost on Jp Tuesday, 10th May, between the ollice of Cliubb, Brothers, andthe Washington Club House, opposite Lafayette Square, (as is supposed,) $205; o< which one note of $100 is of the Hank ol Me tropolis, and three of #50 eoch areot the Patriotic Bank of this city; the residue consisted princi pally of notes of the denomination ol $5. The above reward will be paid for its recovery upon leaving it at this ollice. The notes were wrapped in a receipt given to Messrs. Lenox ?Si Linton for $20 83 of this date by Mrs. Hunt. May 18?eo3t ? EW YORK, May ?, 1853?The under signed has this day opened an office, No. 42 William street, (Merchants' Exchange.) for the transaction of a general brokerage business. Bank, insurance, mining, railroad, government, State, and city securities bought and sold. Promissory notes, bills of exchange, and loama negotiated. Sep 21?tf EMANUEL B. HART.