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kOITXD BY WM. M. OVERTON. CH. MAURICE 8MITH, AND BEVERLEY TUCKER. CITY OK WASHINGTON. JUiYE 7, 1854. r<JT~ O. H. P. Stem, is our authorized agent for collecting account* due thi? office, and for ob ing new subscribers in Virginia. '^"GitDKr.K W, Mearson ti oar authorized agent to receive subscriptions and advertisements, in Washington, Georgetown and ^exandria. CONGRESS. Tbo Senate was not in session yesterday. The House of RupresenUtives, for want of a quorum, adjourned at one o'clock. THB RECOGNITION OF DOMINICA. We are gratified to perceive that the public journals throughout the country are discussing the propriety of recognizing the independence of Dominica. Almost all those we havo no ticed urge the recognition as a duty we owe to a brave people and to republican principles. Some, however, oppose that recognition ; and bcitig chiefly of the freesoil or abolition stamp, their opposition proves the soundness of the measure. All we desire is to have the subject brought to the attention of the people and of the representatives of people, feeling perfectly sure that wheu it is understood, every obstacle will vanish at once. For ten years the whites of San Domingo have maintained their independence against the Haytian negroes, although many attempts have been made to subjugate them. Having maiutained their independence thus long agaimt the barbarous forces of a negro empire, they ask only that countenance and encouragement from the United States, which we have often extend. ed to others whose situation did not appeal so strongly to oar sense of justice or to* our sym pathies. The descendants of the few whites left by the great San Domingo massacre, retired to the west portion of the island, and after declaring their independence, maintained the declaration and established a republican form of govern ment. The negroes in the eastern portion of the island, after years of tumult, established an empire with a black emperor?as black as the ace of spades?who has tricked himself out in all the stars, and spangles, and gewgaws, of an eastern monarch. This negro empire of Hayti will give the white republic of Dominica no rest. Year after year it persists in acta of an noyance, and is constantly threatening to ex terminate the whites or bring them under sub jugation. We cannot believe that the people of Ame rica, omitting a few crazy abolitionists, can look with unconcern upon such a spectacle, when it is presented to them in the proper light. It is abhorrent to every American sen timent, and more than that, it is an outrage on humanity. To see a brave, frugal, thrifty white race of Christians overrun by a misera ble and dcbauched horde of black barbarians, is a sight too revolting to be contemplated. And the picture is not softened in any of its disgusting details by the knowledge that the whites have established a form of government similar to our own, and that their adversaries bear tbe.banner of an infamous despotism. It should be borne in mind that San Domingo is not far oil. It does not belong to the other hemisphere. It is at our doors; and forms a~ part of the North American continent. Its fate is, therefore, a matter of great importance, and ought to be one of deep concern to us. Tha Dominican republic invites commerce and emigration. It is anxious to enter into com mercial treaties with us which would be emin ently beneficial to our trade. Its productions are extremely valuable and a confirmed peace wonld increase them an hundred fold, and that too within a short time. Bat whilst we fail or refuse to recognize the independence of the re public we can make no treaties with it, nor can we interfere in any manner to cure that chronic state of hostilities which has hitherto existed. We have refused to recognise the negro gov ernment of Hayti. Why should we then re spect its claim to the territory occupied by the Dominicans ? What then stands in the way of the recognition we urge ? An act of Congress-, of which no one can complain, is all that is needed ; for we feel no hesitation in saying that the President would be much pleased to be af forded the opportunity of attaching his signa ture to such an act. We do not, of course, speak by authority; but, yet, we may safely say that General Pierce feels a deep interest in this matter, and would give his influence, as far as he rightfully could, to carry out such a measure; for there is a multitude of reasons which urge its adoption, whilst not one can be brought against it. It is time, therefore, that the inde pendence of Dominica should be acknowledged oy the United States. That recognition costs us nothing, whilst it will be of incalculable benefit to a sister republic maintaining herself against a black despotism. The moral force of such a recognition would have an immediate effect, and it would place us in a position to negotiate favorable treaties and avail ourselves of a valuable trade. We could then say to the Haytien negroes that they had annoyed the neighborhood long enough; that Dominica had achieved her in dependence ; that the commercial interests of those dealing with her could not longer be in jured by the hostility of black savages. The earth was made for use; and all authorities agree that nations have a right to put an end to protracted wars which annoy their trade and injure their interests without promising any definite result. But even if our govern ment shall not go thus far?even if it Bhould be willing to see the negroes of Ilayti harass the whites of Dominica for ten years to come, still we urge the recognition of the republic as a measure due to justice and to the sympathies of the people. It is right and proper in itself, it,is in accordance with our previous action, and it is demanded by the genius of our insti tutions and the position we occupy as the great republic of the western world. We were tb? first to urge this measure, and we will be abandon it. A Bai.tisoke Basque Su.tk?The barque Ap* pleton. from B? hi more tor Boston, was run into on the nigh' of the 3d instant, off Chatham, by the l?rque Milford, of New York, for Boston. The Applcton sunk in five minutes, carrying down ten seamen. The remainder escaped JUDGE DOUGLAS'S SPEECH IN MEW YORK CITY. It will be seen, by reference to another col umn, that Judge Douglas, whohas been spend ing a few days in New York, was serenaded on Saturday evening last by a lar^e number of democrats, and called on for a speech. The speech of this distinguished senator, although extemporaneous, although delivered to a pro miscuous crowd from the balcony of the St. Nicholas Hotel, was perhaps as clear, lucid, and powerful an exposition of the principles of the Nebraska bill as has ever been made by him. There were some interruptions by un mannerly abolitionists, who are always ready to insult, but always readier to retreat when their insults are punished; bnt on the whole, the promiscuous assemblage, attracted by the music, deported themselves better than could have been expected. Judge Douglaa deserves such compliments at the hands of his fellow citizens. He has done much by his boldness and his uncalculat ing patriotism to restore the Constitution to its pristine purity. He has done much for the U nion. He has done much for the south. But he has done more for the free States than for the south. He has reminded them of their constitutional obligations. He h-is recalled them to a sense of their duties. He has ar rested the swelling tide of fanaticism. He has shut down the flood gates of abolitionism, in cendiarism, and rank treason. He has done more to redeem the free States than we thought it possible for one man to do. He set an ex ample that was followed, and nobly followed, by the bulk of the democratic representatives from the free States. We commend his speech to the attention of our readers. THE 1NTBLLIQENCER~A COOL BREEZE FROM THE SOUTH. Our highly respected contemporary,the Intel ligencer, amuses itself these hot days by pub lishing extracts from a few lonesome southern newspapers, under the imposing caption of southern sentiment." This pastime of the Intelligencer is not altogether harmless. In deed, there is more disengenuousness in its game than is usually exhibited by that time honored journal. It is a sly attempt to produce the impression that southern sentiment is against the repeal of the restriction of the Mis souri compromise. The Intelligencer manifests much industry in its collection and collation of these extracts. To hunt for newspapers or for people in the south opposed to the Nebras ka bill, is no light work. It is like " looking for a needle in a haystack." But when found, what do they amount to ? Literally nothing. The Intelligencer knows, and everybody knows that "southern sentiment'* is iu favor of the Nebraska bill?warmly and cordially in favor of it. Ihe south never, perhaps, was so com pletely united in support ?f any measure as in support of that. Nearly all the southern mem bers of the two houses of Congress ; nearly all the southern newspapers are in favor of it. The exceptions are few and far between. Then we humbly submit that the, caption under which the InteUigencer marshalls its extracts is wrong and calculated to mislead. These extracts are no more evidences and indications of southern sentiment than the unusual appearance of three white crows would be proof that all crows are white. Now those southern men who opposed (none, we presume, continue their opposition) the Nebraska bill, fill, among southern men, the place that white crows fill among the crow tribe. They are rare birds, monstrosities, ex ceptions. But we will not quarrel with the In telligencer. The weather is a little warm. June has opened on us, and June is perhaps the hot test of all the months. The Intelligencer needed something to refresh it, and althongh cool breezes do not often come from the south, the Intelligencer, after trying every expedient at last managed to get up a slight breeze, and it sits with its coat off, with all the doors and windows open, to enjoy luxuriously the rarity, the delicacy of an anti-Nebraska breeze from the south. Oh ! This is like the diamond spring in the desert?ice in Africa, or ice cream in the raging month of August! MRS. MOWATT'g LAST APPEARANCE ON THE STAGE. We copy the following from the New York j Courier and Enquirer, of the 5 th instant: "The complimentary benefit to Mrs. Mowatt, upon her final retirement from the stage, was given at Niblo's on Saturday evening. As bril liant and appreciative an audience as ever as sembled in this city, filled the theatre ; and the occasion was rendered more interesting, as it | was generally felt that this testimonial was in tended not only as a parting compliment of enthusiastic admirers, but as a proof of the sin cere respect and esteem of warm personal friends. '' The Lady of Lyons, the play in which Mrs. Mowatt first appeared on the stage, about nine years since, was selected for this evening. We do not intend to enter into any criticism of the performance ; nor is it necessary here to speak of the numerous beauties of Mrs. Mowatt's Pau line. That she labored under the disadvan tages of being very inefficiently supported, was most painfully evident. ? * * ? ? "At the conclusion of the play, Mrs. Mewatt was called before the curtain to receive the plaudits and (lowers of her audience, and, in a little speech, in which deep feeling found utter ance in graceful and delicate expression, bade farewell to her art. " Int0 the <luiet privacy of her married life, the will carry our best wishes, and while we appreciate her desire to relieve herself of the cares and trials of an arduous profession, we cannot but regret that the American stage has lost, in this cultivated woman, an actress who has so dignified and adorned it." MRS. MOWATT'rt ADDRESS. Ladies and Okxtlm**: The hour has come when I must bid you, and my friends in the profession and an art to which \ have devoted ^ rr.y best energies for some years farewen It is now nine years since, a trembling debu tante, 1 first stood before you on the board* r>r the old P.rk Theetre, ? J i? ,he ve,,A^?f ter which I have to night represented for the last time. I whs then doublv sustained bv the motive which prompted tU attempt, and by the hope that from my own generous coun trymen I should receive an inspiring welcome and an indulgent hearing for that motive's sake. At your hands, and through the leni ency of vour judgment, I did receive the first stamp of dramatic success, and thus my public career was rendered certain. Need I recount how often since then I have been warmly wel comed? Were I to endeavor to sum up and acknowledge all my causes of gratitude?of which the compliment to-night, and the pres ence her# of ao dmdt whose approbation I value, whoce esteem I hold most dear, ia not the least?I should be bankrupt in thanks. I oui have, indeed, strewed the pathway of ray professional life gilfc flowers. The memory of their sweetness will ever linger around my breast. How great Was the debt I owe von, J never lelt so deeply as to-night, when the con viction comes home to my heart, that? " 1 his, my place no more shall know me" li|aii'n re'a''on audience and actress'we S 11 iiever raeet again. It is not easy to bid a cold farewell; and much as I rejoice that the labors which I have imposed upon myself are euded?the trials, which neither have been few nor light, are over?the commands of the 'stern law-giver" obeyed?I should be untrue if I said I felt uo pain at parting. That pain is only lessened by the hope that I shall not be wholly forgotten by you?that though my star has set forever in your dramatic firmament you will keep my memory green. To the mem bert of the profession?amongst whom I bftvf known so many worthy of my highest esteem and respect?I tender my grateful acknowledg ments for their services, and I beg them to be lieve that though I now cease to stand among their number, I shall not cease to sympathize with them. I speak with my heart upon my lips when I wish that the happiness you have conferred upon me may be reflected back up on yourselves. Once more, and for 4he last time, I bid you farewell. ITEMS Of ftUWg. Hydrophobia.?About nine weeks since, Mr. John T. Cookson, foreman in the foundry of Mr. R? Seinple, was attacked and bitten in several I places by a dog, as he was returning to his home, about nine o'clock in the evening. He felt no se rious effects from these bitea till last Sunday night, when he was unable to sleep. He continued to work each day, though unable to sleep at night, until Thursday, when he told his employer, Mr. Semple, that he felt quite unwell, and could not drink water. On Thursday night, he war at times in great pain in his head and side, but refused to let his wife call a doctor, till yesterday morning. Physicians were then called, and he was bled, chloroform administered, dec..; but his agony was indescribable, till half past one in the afternoon, when he died. He was conscious the whole time, but seemed to have the idea of biting in his miud, as he repeatedly told them around him that he should not bite them, thst he was not a bull-dog, ?fee. He woirtd roll on the floor, walk the soom, ! lay on the bed, go up and down stairs, go out at the door, lay down and roll in the yard, and make every change to obtain relief; but all iu vain. The pain appeared to be in his head aud side, with retching of the stomach, and useless efforts to vomit. Mr. Cooksou was an Englishman, and had been in this country nearly seven years. He was an industrious, energetic man, and leaves a wife aud two or three small children.?Cincinnati Gazette, 3d. Mas. Robinson, the Mdhdkress.?The Troy Whig, says: " A friend of ours, an Englishman, well posted in what relates to titles and blood, asserts that f.t R??n8?ni? rel*led 'o Queen Victoria, her r v fr,?? ?f Quebec.) being a son of (he Duke of York!' The Whig would make a lion (or lioness) if it could, of this wretched woman ; but the Mon treal Transcript says: ,;Tho unfortunate woman, Mrs. Robinson, re cently convicted of murder, at Troy, New York, is, we are informed, a daughter of a now deceased lumber merchant of Quebec. At an early age she married an officer of the 1st royals, who died shortly after the marriage. She next married a Doctor Kobinson, from whom she soon separated. . r career since i*, unfortunately, better known in the States than in this province." Results or Rors Jumping.?Little girls seem to be now-a-days beset with a mani* for intemper ate exercise in "jumping the rope." Several have died, within our own observation, from excess of this kind, and two victims have been reported within a few days?one in Newark, New Jersey who died outright; and another in Northampton! Massachusetts, who lies in a very dangerous con dition, in consequence of jumping five hundred and fifty-four times without cessation. An Elephant Abroad.?A large elephant, at tached to a menagerie, while on his way to Fall river, R. I., on Monday, got beyond the control of his keeper, and killed three horses, smashed the wagons to pieces, seriously injuring two men who were in the wagons. He was finally captured near Slade's ferry. Wreck of the Ellen Thompson.?One hun dred passengers of the emigrant ship Ellen Thomp son, wrecked in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, on the ISth of May, arrived at Portland on Saturday, by the steamer Admiral, from St. John. They were taken from the wreck by the barque Sarah, and carried to Ricliibucto, and are on their way to Canada. Rhode Island Patriotism.?The new city gov ernment of Providence organized on Monday last. The city council voted not to have the usual cele bration on the fourth of July, but that the bells be tolled one hour at sunrise, noon, and sundown, on that day, on account of the repeal of the Missourj compromise and the recent events in Boston. Fire at Louisville?The Louisville Courier office was destroyed by fire on Monday morning. Loss about seven thousand dollars, covered by insurance. The b&oks, presses, and job office saved. The fire was the work of an incendiary. Small Pox.?The British Parliament has passed an act making it a finable offence to ivery parent or guardian who neglects to have his or her child vaccinated within four months after its birth. Alexandria Items.?A beautiful tract of land, containing twenty-three acres, has been purchased by a company for a cemetery. This land .is on a range of hills northwest of Shuter's bill. Five acres are to be appropriated to the interment of the poor, without charge, and to be laid out and ornamented in the same manner as the other por tion. Mr. E. S. Hough, who was injured at the fire on Sunday night, was collector of the port. A salute of 100 guns was fired by the Mechani cal artillery on Saturday last, in honor of the triumph of the law in the recent fugitive case ii. j Boston. A request has been made to have the revenue cutter conveying the fugitive, brought up to this port. Accidental death.?We are sorry to see an nounced the death of Dr. L. W. Berry, son of Henry Berry, Esq., of Shepherdstowo, Va. He was killed on Friday last, by the accidental dis charge of his gun. The deceased was a nephew of Mrs. R. I. Taylor of Alexandria ; and a brother, a very worthy and promising young man, in the engineering party of the Orange and Alexandria railroad. A DrsTauCTfT* Fibe occurred on Monday after noon at Alexandria. The provision stores ofMr D. Hooe and Messrs. Masters & Son, on Uaion street were totally destroyed. Mr. Hooe had six hundred barrels of flour, and a large quantity of :?rd, hams, &c., i? store! on)y , glnaJ| amount of which was saved. During the fire, ten kegs of powder, in Messrs. Masters' store, exploded, cre sting great confusion and damage, and Mr. Ed ward S. Hough was badly injured by a falling wall. The grocery store of Mesars. J. T. B. Perry dt Son was also destroyed with u. content*. The > loss is about SI S,000. Serious Riot In Brooklvu. We extract from the New York Courier amd. Enquirer the following details of the riot at Brooklyn on Sunday evening. Weare gratified to percttivo that the riot was not so serious as it was at first supposed to be, amid the ex citement that it occasioned in New York city, and the exaggerated statements made to the meeting in the park by some of those who had come across from the scene of the riot. It will, however, bo found bad enough, and too bad to have occurred in a civilized country, and to have grown out of u religious feud. The Courier says: A terrible scene was enacted in Main street, between Water street and the Catharine ferry, last evening about dusk. A number were aliot and many more were badly injured with clubs and stones. The cause of nil this was the appearance of a procession of New York Native Americans against whom the Irish located in the above neighborhood had a grudge, in consequence of the previous Sunday's proceedings. This was the cause of all the disturbance. As had been announced on Sunday evening of last week, a preacher, attached to the Primi tive Methodist church of Bridge street, ap peared on the lot on the corner of Smith and Atlantic streets, at the appointed time and delivered a sermon. His name is Jos. Folger, and he was nccompanied and assisted the exercises by the trustees and officers '-of his church. The text was part of the 2d verse of tho 15th chapter of St. Luke : " This man receiveth sin ners;" from which he argued that Christ preach ed to all kinds of people?to mixed multitudes ot different fa'ths, such as were gathered here on this occasion. Previous to tlie sermon, a prayer was made, in which the hope was ex pressed that all these people (round about) might be made better instead of worse by com ing there. The services passed off quietly?no disposition being evinced to molest the preacher or disturb the proceedings. lhe procession from New York arrived some time before the sermon cemmenced. They numbered probably about a hundred or more, three abreast, and marched and countermarch ed up and down Atlantic street, awaiting the arrival of the preached, when they came up and stood until the sermon was over, when they proceeded down Smith street towards the Cath arine ferry, in the same order that they came. I'rom 12 o'clock, noon, a crowd began to as semble, and about 6 o'clock, it numbered over 6,000. The mayor, the chief of police, and the whole disposable force under their command were present. By the exertions of the mayor the sidewalks were kept clear, so that people could pass'unmolested. During the afternoon there were some slight disturbances on the corner of Smith and At lantic streets, in which a number of white hats were knocked off, but no furiher damage was done. The offenders were promptly arrested. The New York procession on proceeding down towards the ferry were followed by a large crowd. They walked in an orderly and peaceable manner. An accasional hoot or cheer greeted them, and that was all until they reached Main and Water streets. Here, and streets leading thereto, and immense crowd had congregated, and, as about half of the pro fession had passed Water street, a general cry was made by the Irish, "Hip, boys, hip," "Now go in,' " Come on, boy9," and with that came showers of stones, sticks, and brickbats, level ed at the New \ orkers. A grand rush was now made, but the line of the procession re mained unbroken, and marched to the ferry house gate, and entered with military percision. As they were assaulted, they fired pistols at those who struck at them, and it is probable that about thirty shots were fired. Several . wer? shot; one a boy, and a man who fell upon the pavement apparently dead. Some five or six were shot, and a great many more had their heads, arms, and legs broken with clubs. Pistols were also fired from house-tops, and stones fell like hail in every direction. The New Yorkers were within the gates, and as they were being pelted, they fired a number of shots at the crowd without. One of the ferry boats took off' a load of New Yorkers, but the pilots of the two remaining boats, seeing what was going on, would not enter the dock, but stood off during the continuance of the riot. They finally entered the slip, arid all there not arrested were permitted to take their depar ture. The police had hard work. They had to fi"ht like tigers. No matter of what country, (and many of them are Irish,) they did their duty manfully. When one would attempt to take a man into custody, he was sure to be beaten with clubs, end several were badly hurt, i They also used their clubs freely, and knocked ' down all who resisted them, when they could do it. 3 The military came upon the ground after tho disturbance had ceased. They had been sta tioned at the armory during the afternoon, awaiting orders. The mayor came with them, and as he walked down Main street read the riot act. The sheriff also appeared upon the sceuc of action, and the military were stationed so as to prevent any further outbreak. The inob was cleared away, and quiet was restored. This was about eight o'clock. The regiment on duty was the 14th, under Colonel Jesse C. Smith. Captain Usbeen's company of horse guard was also ordered out, and were on guard during the night In the confusion that prevailed it was im possible to ascertain if any one, or how many were killed or wounded. Two are reported dead. A German named Brock, was tripped up and had his thigh fiactured. Nine persons at the Hall were badly cut, and their wounds were dressed by Dr. Daniel Ayres. Five were more or less injured.. There was a gathering in our own city in the evening of Americans, at which several persons from the scene of events in Brooklyn appeared, nnd addressed the crowd. After a few brief 1ft <eches, a portion of the crowd left for Brook lyn, but quiet had u fully restored before their arrival. Exciting Foot-rare.?A ntoi ne le Due, a French mnn. ran ten miles in fifty-eight minute*, at Eagle Hnrbor. Michigan, heating two Indiana and an Irishman, for a wagerof one hundred dollars. The Irishman rave out on the fourth mile, one Indian on the eighth, ai d the other -Indian win just a ntde behind the victor, who left the ground shout ing " Vive la France!" Later from Texas*?Cha*lesto:i, Jnve 4.? Late advices froin Texas report the occurrence of several Indian outrages of a most fearful char acter. Among the reports is the massacre of a com pany of eight Mexican rope-dancers; also six Italian harp-players, who had been performing at San Antonio, nnd were on tbeir way to Laredo. The United States mail, while on its way from Corpus Christi to San Patricio, was attacked by the Indians and robbed. Major Chapman bad gone in pursuit. The citizens of Leona had become ao alarmed that nearly every family in the place, had armed themselves with weapons, with which to act in case of emergency. Aboljtiov Sympathy.?We have already stated that the marshal's guard having in charge the fugitive Burns, raised by subscrip tion enough money to procure a good suit of clothes, breastpin, hat, boots, Ac., and some #20 pocket money, with which Burns was sup plied before his departure. Bat it remains for us now to state the extent of the sympathy of bis abolition friends in the same cause: they took Burns's old clothes, had them mended, and returned! We have on hand the subscription list by which this gigantic undertaking was ac complished, but want of room prevents iU pub lication this morning.?Boston Times. a from the Xi:?r York Herald. | senator l*ou?U#>? ??|ir4xh to the People in j N?WrYorlt M<*n'- democratic Coion Club I a. ^ icholaa Hotel, where he is now I A.t an early hour in the evening the I [tor of Ac intended serenade was rumored 1 ou the city, and at 11 o'clock a large pany of citizens were gathered in front of the midni SeeL.the Senator- A little after I midnight, Dodworth a brass band, numbering j thirty pieces, arrived upon the ground under sssra" v* f?? V. ?F?ed .1?; i Poll * ? U.f. ' P'ai'e<l in admirable style. 1 SSSR !? ,Waj Wed tUe "Overture to j fho 1 U' r*41 1 1 ^ftIjaP Quickstep,?' and at I caUq ^te??nea ?pe?f?rmunce'the Peering and j ous Wh.?SftS-\, D?U?,aa'" Were voeirer t'ochrn ptlie.jhlrd piece was finished, John ! duor J A?' ?fe8,d1ent of the Uifion Club, con- j t '^'aS 10 thS balcony of the hotel ! a d introduced him to tl.e company below, upw numbering about two thousand He was re trrZli n1,1 U,nf, heart? cheers, for whith he ; ^racetully bowed Ina acknowledgments. When j d're3 the * men"o"fThe '' (APPla "wo" TheTmoc^ur youi'x men oi the cuy and county of New York loot and /eel that the people will support you and that hey have approved of your patriaecourse We and^e'apei0" eXpfeS8io" ?f ?ur ^ esteem asTollow-s!*?e^8(1^reS8 *^eaalor Douglas responded stralion^hUr1 am ?GTy *rateful f?r this denioa. regard and contide nce?f y?Ur ?Steem' hefe, Judge"We 8?rry tLere are not more J .m pSSSstSwS Es^&S&vS&r s?SBSSSBSSS^ resented and as liin? ? 8SU'M ttnd U11*r?p stood in the oui.i T t c0rrectlV un doubted that it ^o'?!ihaVe "ever for a foment U.e American thoroughly known and aZeeiated <& 7 Llio'of iSASi/1," "l"',"" e?!" .ion of tbe ,igh'if U,'" ??u SV' decider themselves what Lin,) nf i eff,,0'3r ,0 ?titutions they Willie under rr , ^'' a.nd.if is wise in New York i?. that Pnnc'ple Nebraska? ' 18 U Dot >u*1 a? w.#ein A Voice ?No, sir. the dictates of their own J? Judgment, and because that principle was violit jolonies >' a,n(1 tionary fathers' separated"om^ ,?\T , ^ threatened to oppress them Sh n ^ 1 ?i. .h?, pri.cipi^.tS; J?"vXSTf which we owe our lihertiM "'orcation ot elands ai llie fonndanon of Ifce J^braX* nfr' .?ss'Tn1 f - ^ aodlo raeVrijilher^hei/^j ^J^rj'c^'^P?OP'^'',',n'' (Renewed applaud.) When th ?r . wW"5val be carried into effect vou will h'" pr'nc,f>,M shn,l excitement upon ihe o^e.tTon S .?' n? 'rher iu New York you had Javerv ?nce abolished it \our8elves ? vou'iliiv Ve'but y?u Cong..,,, n,u"rX|V"'." -j' of and States, be allowed the werciiS n^' ^8 nght. Equality among the St?^s i! '* T'l principle of our? states is the cardinal j A Voice.?-Three cheers for Benton ?bo"' "" Missouri com pro Mr. Douglas.?I hear an abolitionist across the way asking about the Missouri compromise. Now. I have been accustomed to this kind of lac tics before. When I was in the Senate explain ing the principles of the Nebraska bill, and when its enemies found themselves unable to answer me, they raised the cry of " Missouri compro mise," which was nothing more than a restriction upon the right oi the people to govern themselves. The Nebraska bill was intended to give them the free and unrestricted exercise of that right, and any man who is opposed to it is opposed to the great principle of sell-government. [Enthusiastic cheering.] Let us, then, understand this ques tion distinctly. The object of the Nebraska bill was to remove that restriction, to give enual rights to every Slate and Territory in the Union, to allow the people to exercise all those rights which are guaranteed by the Constitution. [Cheers.] I find that the Nebraska bill is growing in the popular favor as it is becoming more thor ougly understood, hear men now say, that al though they opposed it at first, that they are now wilting to acquiesce in it; and if they are, let lis take them at their word, but let as first under stand what they mean acquiesccnce. It is not sutficient that they shall not seek to disturb Ne braska and Kansas; bat they must acquiesce also in the principle, acd apply it in all time to coma when the question of the admission of auy new State arises, whether it be Nebraska, Kansas, Oregon, Mexico, Cuba, or the Sandwich Islands< [bnihiiaiaslic cheering, and cries of " that's it"? " go it, Douglas."] The principle for which we contend is right everywhere; if it is righi in one part of the.4Jnit<ftl States, it is right in every part; and if right now, it is right in all time to come. Now, my fellow democrats, this is a cardinal prin ciple in our Constitution?one that cannot be violated with safety. The Missouri act of 1820, which was * liposcd to this principle, has resulted in the most danger ous agitation, and so long as that restriction re mains, the conntry will be subject to agitation. Let us now say, 4> here is a principle clearly de fined," and call upon the people to rally as one man in support of that principle. Let us banish forever this slavery agitation from the balls of Congress. (Cheers.) 1 shail not detain you by making a speech. (Cries of " go on.") 1 have done my share in discussing the Nebraska bill, for one season, and I now desire to return my thanks for the kind manner in which you have received me, and for the opportunity which you have afforded me of defining the principle laid down in the bill. Let that principle be earned into your elections, and let each candidate define his position upon it. I have been threatened with consequences of a terrible character to myself, | but I am ready to meet them, b? they what they t may. (Cheers.) If the abolitionists think that ! burning me in etligy is a good argument, let them ! continue it; and if they consider hanging me in effigv la amusing, they may indulge as milch as they please, in such amusements. I desire to mert this question, and argue fairly upon its merits, and if the whigs and abolitionists desire to form an amalgamation. I trust there is patriotism enough in this land to meet and crush their insid uous attempts to destroy the Union. (Cheers.) : We have already been told that in consequence of the passage of the Nebraska bill, the fugitive slave law of is never more to be enforced?they say the law of the land shall be resi?ted~-tbftt 1 although the Constitution deolares that fugitives j shall be returned, and that every man balding ' office shall carry it into eir.ot, the Constitution shall be trampled upon, and that oaths shall no longer bind men A Vane*.?They dare'nt try it in New York. The democracy won't let them. Mr. Douglas.?The democracy are the consti tutional party They believe that the Constitu tion and all its clauses shall be faithfully executed. We are the law abiding party?the constitutional pariy.^vVe stand always in support of the Consti itil 1011, ihaJa>vs^<i?4KMgrhts of the people, and we invite our eiicifWo Uf meet us on tin* issue at the ballot box, pud before the people, wherever argument and reason: off prevail. (Cheers ) Tub SOTREMAorofc^Avr.?1The Boston Post of $d in St. Iiiwj thejfbll|wing article. The decision of Commissioner Loring, on the law aud the facts iu the fugitive slave case, re manded Burns to his claimant. There is not in the minds of the community po ijjuch as a doubt, that under the la w^?f Virginia, Anthony Burns owed Col. Sut tie service; that he escaped from that service, and that according to the Constitution, to the bargain Massachusetts made with her .sister states, and to a solemn obliga tion, it becomes a duty to deliver him ihis was accordingly done. Officers according to their oaths, executed the laws. The manner in which they discharged their duties; in the present excited state of the com munity, must command the approbation of every good citizen. The arrangements were so complete that no serious attempt at rescue was made, and no blood was shed. 1 he escort was seve-al times crowded upon, and insults were otlVred to the pdlice and military by the excited mob} but thanks to the good mdgment of the officers, order triumphed and the law was maintained. The strong demonstration ot force was the truly humane course. While great credit is due to the civil authori ties for their arduous labors and successful pre servation of the peace, too uinch praise cannot be awarded to the citizen soldiery of Boston for their great service. At the call of the law they promptly and patriotically rallied, in full ranks, to the support of the law and their bearing was as cool aud forbearing as it was gall ant ana military. It was to this organization that this city owed yesterday its preservation from an archy. Nor is this the first time the commu nity has received, such service at its hands; and it i8 passing strange that there are those who question its utility, or who hesitate to award to it the praise that is its fjust due. When the events of the week past are consid ered?when the unparalleled eflorts to excite riot and treason are remembered?*-what would have been the state of Boston yesterday, when the excited concourse crowded its atreets, but for the action of the citizen soldiery. Their determined appearance was a demonstration that an attempt to rescue would have been im possible to have succeeded ; and this preserved the public peace. Massachusetts, yesterday, presented a mem orable occasion of the mauner in which she stands ready to fulfil her obligations "to the Constitution and the Union. That the^ laws should have been executed, not only without bloodshed, but without serious disturbance, re flects credit, not only on the officers, but on law-abiding citizens. The Rendition op Burns.?The decision in this case was delivered yesterday morning, by Commissioner Loring. An intense excitement prevailed in aud about the court house, for con siderable time previous to the meeting of the court. At about quarter before 9 o'clock Burns was brought into court attended by a guatd of men, and at 9 o'clock the commissioner took his seat. Order was immediately secured, and Mr. Loring read his decision, as follows: Df.cision of Commissioner Loring.?The issue between the parties arises under the United States statute of 1850, and for the respondent it is urged that the statute is unconstitutional. Whenever this objection is made it becomes necessary to re cur to the purpose of the statute. It purports to tarry into execution the provisions of the Consti tution which provides for the extradition of per sons held to service or labor in one State and es caping into another. It is applicable, and it is ap plied ulike to bond and free?to the apprentice and the slave, and in reterenceto both the purpose, provisions and processes are the same. The arrest of the lugitive is a ministerial, and not a judicial act, anil the nature of the act is not altered by the means employed for its accomplish ment. Wht>? uo officer arrest* a fugitive from justice or a l??ty accused, the officer must deter mine the identity, and use his discretion und in formation ' for the purpose. When an arrest is made under this statute, the moans of determin ing the ideutity are prci?cribed by the statute, but when the means are used and the act done, it is still a ministerial act. Thw statute only substi stutcS the means it provides for the discretion ot an arresting officer, and thus gives to the fugitive from service a much belter protection than a fugi tive from justice can claim under any law. If extradition is the only purpose of the statute, and the determination of the identity is the only purpose of these proceedings under it, it Beenis to me that the objection of unconstitutionality to the statute because it does not furnish a jury trial to the fugitive is answered. There is no provision in the Constitution re quiring the identity of the person to be arrested should be determined by a jury. It has never been claimed for apprentices nor fugitives from justice, and if it does not belong to them it does not belong to the respondent. And if extradition is a ministerial act, then to substitute in its per formance, for the direction of an arresting officer, the discretion of a commissioner instructed by testimony under oath, seems scarcely to reach to a grant of judicial power, within the meaning of the United States Constitution. And it is certain that if the power given to and used by the com missioners ot the United States courts under the statute is unconstitutional, then so was the power given to and used by magistrates of counties, cities, and towns by the act of 1703. These all were commissioners of the United States; the powers they used under the statute were not derived from the laws of their respec tive States, but from the statute of the United States. They were commissioned by that and that alone. -The were commissioned by the class instead of individually and by name, and in this I respect the only ditference that I can see between | the acts of 11U3 and 1850, is that tho latter re duced the number of appointees and confined the appointment to those who by their professional j training should be competent to the performance i of their duties, and who bring to them the certiti- i cates of the highest judicial tribunals of the land. It is said the statute is unconstitutional because j it gives to the record of the court of Virginia an effect beyond its constitutional effect. The first section ot the fourth article of the Constitution is directory only on the slate State power as to the State courts, and does not seek to limit the con trol of Congress over the tribunals of the United Stales or the proceedings therein. Thert in that article the terra "records^and judicial proceedings'* refer to such inter-parties, and of necessity can have no application to proceedings avowed rx part*. Then if the first section includes this re cord, it expressly declares as to "records and judicial proceedings" that Congress shall prescribe "the rjftrt thtrtoff and this express power would seem to be precisely the power that Congress has used in the statute of 1850. Other constitutional objection* hnve been urged here which have been adjudged and re-adjudged l>y the court* of the United States, and of many of the States, and the decisions of these tribunal* absolved me from considering the same questions further than to npply to them the determination of the supreme court of thin State in Simms's case, 7 Cushing, 309th page, that they" are settled by a course of legal decision* Which we are bound to respect, and which we regard all binding and con elusive On the court." But a special olyection has been raised to the record, that a describes the escape as from, the Slate of Virginia, and omits to describe it as into anothrr State, in the words and substance of the Constitution- But in this the record follows the 1'Uh section of lb* statute of 1S3Q, and the context of the section con linos its action loapses of escape from one Slate, &o., into another, and is therefore in practical action and extent strictly conformable to the Constitution. This statute has been decided to be constitu tional by tho unanimous opinion of tbe judges ?' the supremo court Of Massachusetts in the fullest argument and the matures! deliberation, and to be the law of Massachusetts as well a#, and because it is a constitutional law, oftbe United States; and the wine words of our reverend chief justice in that case, 7 Cushlng 318, rtiay well W> repeated now, and remembered always. The chiefjustice " Slavery was not created, established or per petrated by the Constitution. It existed before it would have existed if the Constitution had not been made. Theframers ofthe Constitution could not abrogate slavery, or the rights claimed under it. Tt>#y t?ok 44 asthwy found ft, and rcgolated it to m limited extent. Tbe Constitution, therefore, is not responsible for tb? origin or continnance of slavery?tbe provision it coBtains was the beat ad justment which could be made of conflicting rights ' 1 1 1, . I.I I ? and claims, and was absolutely necessary lo effect what may now be cooaidared un the general paci ^ harmony and pence should take the plaoa of violence aui war.' ThesewereihJ circunia(M?sea, and this the spirit in which the , Constitution waa made. The regulation ofsluvery ho n,r as to prohibit Slates by law from harboring fugitive slaves wa. an essential element in lufor mation, and the union intended to be established by it waa essentially necessary to the peace hap funess and highest prosperity pf all the Statea. In this spirit and with theae views steadily in uros pect, it teems lo be the duty of all judgea and ma gutrates to expound and apply these provisions in the Constitution and laws of the United Slates and m this spirit it behoves all persons bound to obey the Jaws of the Untied States to consider and regard them," It is said that the statute, if constitutional is wi. ked and oruel. The like charges were brouaht Hgiunsj the act of 1793 j and C. J Parker, of Mas sachusetts, made the answer which C. J. Shaw cites and approves, vijc: " Whether the statute is a harsh one or not, is not for us to determine." It is said that the statue is so cruel and wicked that it should not be executed by goq4 men. Then into what hands shall its utlmiui.-iraiion full and in its administration w hat to be the protection of the unfortunate men who are brought within ita operation? Will those who call the statute merciless commit it to a merciless judge i If the statute involves that right, which lor us makes life sweet, and the want of whiah umkes life a misfortune, shall its administration be con fined to those who are reckless of that right in others, or ignorant or careless of the means given lor its legal defence, or dishonest in their use ? ill any men wish this, they ure more cruel and wicked than the statute, for they would strip from the fugitive the best security, and every allevia tion the statute leaves him. As I think the stutule is constitutional, it re mains for me now to apply it to the facts of the case. ^ The facts to be proved by the claimant are three: 1. That Anthony Burns owed him aervice in Virginia. 2. That Anthony Burns escaped from that ser vice These facts he has proved by the record which the statute, section 10, declares "shall be held and taken to be full anil conclusive evidence of the fact of escape, and that the service oflabor of the person escaping is due to the party in such record mentioned. Thua these two facts are refnoved entirely and absolutely from my jurisdiction, and I am entirely and absolutely precluded from upplying evidence to them. If. therefore, there is in the case evi dence capable ol such application. I cannot make it. The 3d fact is the identity of the nartv before me, with the Anthony Burns me,h"oned ilfthe re cord. This identity is the only question I have a right to consider. To this, and to this alone, I am to apply the evidence ; and the question whether the respondent was in Virginia or Massachusetts at a certain time, is material only as it is evidence on the point ol identity. So the parties have used it and the testimony of the complainant being that the Anthony Burns of the record was in Virginia on the 19th of March last, the evidence of the re spondent has been offered to show that he was in Massaphusetts on or about the 1st of March last, and thereafter till now. I he testimony .of.the claimant is from a single witness, and he standing in circumstances which would necessarily bias the fairest mind?but other imputation than this has not been offered against him, and from any thing that has appeared before me cannot be?his means of knowledge are per sonal, direct, and qualify him to testify confident ly; and he has done so. The testimpny on the part of the respondent is from many witnesses whose integrity is admitted, and to whom no imputation of bias can be attached by the evidence in the case, and whose means of knowledge are personal and direct, but, in my opinion, leas full and complete than those of Mr Brent. Then between the testimony of the claimant and respondent there is a contlict, complete and irre concilable, on the question of identity. Such a conflict of testimony is not unprecedented nor un common in judicial proceedings, and the trial of Dr. AV ebster furnished a memorable instance of it The question now is, whether there js other evi dence in this case which will determine this con flict. In every case of disputed identity there is one person always whose knowledge is perfect and positive, and whose testimony is not wimin the reach of error, and that is the parson who*e identity is questioned ; and such this case affords. Ibe evidence is of the conversation which took place between Burns and the claimant on the night of t lie arrest. - When the complainant entered the room where Hums was, Burns saluted bim, mid by his chris tian name??'How do yon do, Master Charles'" He fluted Mr. Brent also, and by his christian name "How do you do. Master William V To the appellation " Master," (I give no weight.) Col Sutile said, "How came you here?" Burns said nn accident had happened to him?that he was working down at Roberts, on board a vessel got tired and went to sleep, and was carried off in the veanel. Mr. S.?Anthony, did l ever whip you ?" B.?No sir. wPr- S ~I!i^ 1 hir? you out any where where you did not wish to go ? B.?No sir. T JS1"* S; Ha? you ever asked me <or money that I did not give it to you? B. No Sir: T-When yOU were sick' did 1 not prepare H y??7 ?wn h?""- ??d p? ?p?" 1>, B.?Yes, sir. n*?,nf-bhmg W,S ",8 "b0Ut 8?',n? back- He was Yea?V? iiaT83 * '? g? back' and he said~ Tlua was the testimony of Mr. Brent That a conversation took place was confirmed bv the tes tj-ouy of Caleb Page, who was pVesent and ^ed Cum <?' > " ,rnV,oid he 4id D?t come in Capt Snow's vessel. The croas-examinauon of Brent showed that Col. Suttle said-I makTyou nonronuses, and I make you no threats." lo me this evidence, when applied 10 the oues lon ol identity confirms and establishes the tes timony of Mr. Brent in its conflict with that offered whol .PI'.rt C re"Ponde"?? ?nd then on the whole testimony my n?ind is satisfied beyond a wJTth A ,? lden|ilf of the respondent with the Anthony Burns named in the reoord. Jt was objected that this conversation was in the nature of admissions; and that, too, of a man sin I pibed by circumstances and fear,and these consi derations would have weight bad the adiniaaiona been used to establish the truth of tbn mat ters to which they referred to?-i. e. the usage he giving oi money, nursing, bul they w^re in r n? 8U J PurP?#e' but only as evidence m reference lo identity. Had they been procured t ,pet?rfeal.r' lbTey WOuld have U*n inadmissf dence ?^lhat 1 considered there was no evi On the law and facts of the case, I coaaider the he claims6"U l? ce,l'ficn,c fr?ui me which Street Preaching.?A riot occurred again Inst Sunday afternoon in tho Park, between a party of Irishmen and the friends of the preach er. rt is believed by many-close observers of the disgraceful spectacles by which Sunday has been desecrated for some weeks past, that an organized plan of disturbance exists in thin city; in fact, that a set of rowdies are resolved to throw down the gauntlet every week, until it is finally taken up by Irish Catholics, and they shall have succeeded in exciting a serious and fatal riot. Each week threats have been heard?as they were beard on last Sabbath? that the ensuing one should be a scene of bloody vengeance ; and we cannot too earnestly urge all order-loving pcraons to tefrain from gratifV ing curiosity by visiting these crowds, and ad monish our city authorities of the necessity of causing them to cease altogether.?Jour. Com. fleorpc F. Williams, B. L. Allen, W. J Washburn, t'isdale Drake, A. A. Munroe, al ermen of Boston, come out in a card, over their own signatures, ahd say that " the mayor is the only one of the city authorities," bo for as ! thoy know, who ordered the military of Massa chusetts and the police of Boston to assist in an act whioh belongs exclusively to the United Stntes authorities." Glorv then to the mayor for doing his duty in the face of such narrow minded and bigoted opposition.?Bos. Times .ni) .11 l_ in. I I I French shirt bosoms.?tui? day received, a fresh and large supply of the new and fanhioaable French Fhirt Bosoms. Shirt makers mid others will find this article not only elegant, but at low prices. The sales of this ar tic e have been very large, and sre still on the increase. The trade as usual supplied tU STEVENS'S May 21?3tif Sale* Room, Brown's Hotel.