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The Allaattui, or Tree of Heaveu.?'This tree being now in full odor, we thought it an ap propriate time to ask tbe favor from Major French, commissioner of public buildings, of a copy of a letter which we had been informed be had writteu y in relation to the ailanthus, to a committee of tho council* of Philadelphia. We did ao, and be haa readily placed it in our possession, and we present it to tbe public: Office of Coum'k. Public Buii-dings, Citv of Washington, January 10, 1854. C. A. Wajlborn, Baq., Chairvuiv, Ifc., Philadel phia?Dear Sir.- Yours of the 10th instant is re. ceived, and in answer to your inquiries, made under a resolution of tbe select and common coun cils of tbe city of Philadelphia, as to " whether the tree, known as the ailanthus tree, growing on tbe footways of the city, is offensive, poisonous, and injurious to health," I hare to say: That the ailanthus tree is now growing, both in tbe public grounds around the Capitol, the Presi" dent's bouse in this city, apd the public streets, as an ornamental tree, in considerable numbers. Many of those in the. Capitol grounds, from their uppearance, must be more than twenty years old. They have been, and are still, under culture and protection, and none have been destroyed to my knowledge. No actidn has ever been had by the city authori ties of Washington, or by any of my predecessors in tbe office of Commissioner of Public Buildings that 1 know of, with a view to ascertain any facts in regard to this tree. In the general appropriation. act of tbe second session of the 32d Congress, statutes at large, pamphlet copy, p. 207, you will find attached to the provision for the care and ornament ot the public grounds, a condition "that, no more ailan thus trees shall be purchased or planted;" fur nishing, probably, the first instance on record of an act attainder against a tree! This is, I think, the only official action that has occurred here on this subject; and the reasons for it may be readily imagined by all who reside within reach of the fragrance of the ailanthus. In the time of its flowering, this tree fills the air with a strong odor, offensive to all, and to many absolutely intolerable. A yellow dust is also shed from the flower, which, in the expressive words of another, "looks like purry powder, and smells like the plague." I have seen no evidence that the tree, from any cause, is poisonous, or even deleterious to health, although I have frequently heard the suggestion made that it must be so, and I have known those whom the odor from it nauseated. In the Horticulturist of August, 1852, Mr. Downing, whose authority in such matters is en titled, perhaps, to more weight than that of any other single, individual of his time, has fully ex pressed his sympathy with the popular cry, "down with the ailanthus." He rests his condemnation upon the grounds that " it smells horribly both in leaf and Jloioer that it xucters badly, and so is troublesome to the cultivator; and, finally, that it usurps the place of our native trees of more value for shade and beauty. I fully sympathise with Mr. Downing in his con stant and uncompromising opposition to the intro duction of worthless foreign trees to take the place of our own aoble oaks, maples, elms, &c., and his remark upon the ailanthus that it has "drawn away our attention from our own more noble na ble native American trees to waste it on this miserable pigtail of an Indiaman," will be respond ed to by every patriot. Soon after the publication of the article from which the foregoing extracts are made, it was stated tbat Mr. Downing had overlooked an im portant fact connected with tbe character of this tree, and-subsequent investigation, seems to con firm that idea. The ailanthus is a tree of Diocious class, hav ing its staminate and pistillate, or male and fe male blossoms on different trees. The staminate blossoms, only, it is said, are offensive, the pistil late blossoms having very little odor, not enough to offend the most fastidious. Should this be found to be correct, as I am sat isfied, though not by personal in vestigation, it is, a discrimination may easily be made in favor of the innocent female member of the family, while the disagreeable sex may be exterminated. For all purposes, but that of perfecting its seed, either will of course flourish as well without as with its mate. The reason why this distinction has not been better understood, is this, that in England, for some reason depending on the climate, the ailanthus does not oAen, if ever, blossom;,and its introduction to this country is comparatively re cent. Mr. Downing says the leaf as well as the flower, is offensive; but, if this be so, its offence is not so " rank;" it does not "smell to heaven," like the flower. The leaf, when crushed, in un pleasant to the smell. Whether there is any dif ference, in tljis particular, between the two classes of the tree, I do not know; but an examination made by me, since the receipt of your letter, sat isfies me that the bark of the stamivat&Ute, when crushed, emits a perceptibly stronger odor than the other. The staminate trees are far more numerous than the pistillate here, and probably, it is so in Philadelphia, as I am informed it is in New York. This arises, it is presumed, merely by accident, the suckers from the staminate having been chief ' ly used at the introduction of the tree to this country. The *exes may bo readily distinguished in the time of the blossoms; and even through most of the winter; on full grown pistillate trees, the pods containing the eeeds may be found, while the staminates show nothing of the kind. These con siderations are certainly worth attention, as it is tm unpardonable piece of vandalism to destroy, without good cause, a well-grown shade tree in a city, and no such act should be perpetrated, ex cept upon such solemn deliberation as your au thorities seem disposed to exercise. Having thus, with great pleasure, complied with your request for whatever information I might have on the subject, I am, very respectfully yours, &c. B. B. FRENCH, Commissioner of Public Buildings. False Measures.?Yesterday morning, a gen tleman paid for three quarts of strawberries in the Centre Market, but when he returned home and measured them by the true standard, he dis covered that he had only received two; the ven der having made use of a cheating measure. This is only one of many similar instances with in our knowledge. We verily believe that pur chasers, on the average, lose at least ten per cent, on what they bargain for, by this species of fraud. The price of market commodities are already suf ficiently high without thus rendering them still higher. It becomes the duty of the city authorities to have the so-called patent scales and the various wooden and tin measures examined, with a viow to ascertain whether tbey conform to tbe le^sl Htandard; and we would suggest to purchasers that they keep a sharp look out against fraud. The Police Oflleera, now n-days, have little to do, in th? way of preserving tbe order of the city; but few persons being disposed to disturb the general quiet. The auxiliary guard occasionally capture a noisy or a drunken party, in their night ly peregrinations, and conduct their victims to the lock-up. Somehow, the thieves who infest the city and enter people's premises for plunder, man age to elnde tho Dogberries of the rawnieipaiity. Long practice has made tbera perfect ui business The Public Health require? that the laws heretofore enacted to promote cleanliness should bo enforced, and the streets and alleys at once re lieved of their tilth, which invites disease. Garb le should not be allowed to fry in the summer's ?un and filthy slops poison the atmosphere. Iudlau Bureau.?We learn that the govern ment has leased of Mr. S. Chase Baruey the com modious double house opposite the City Post Office; at $1,200 per annum, to be used as the bu reau of Indian affairs. Another Cask of Hydrophobia.?The Cin cinnati Gazette of Friday says: " About six weeks since, a man named John Welsh, residing on the Lexington Pike, year Ninth street, was bitten by ajerocious dog in the wrist and thigh. The wound healed with out bis consulting any of the medical faculty, and the occurrence was almost forgotton. On Tuesday afternoon he complained of a diffi culty of breathiug, which continued during the.greater portion of the night, until about 5 o'clock the next morning, when he became perfectly delirious, and rushed in a state ot nudity into the street. From that time until about 12 M., the spasms were so violent that it became necessary to secure him by binding his hands and feet. In the meantime two physicians, Doctors Thomas and Holt, had been called in, but it appears they did not agree in prescribing, and the man becoming calm about this time, his hands were untied bjr a friend, when, conscious of his dreadful situation, he prayed fervently. In a short time after he was again taken with spasms more violent than ever, and it was deemed absolutely ne cessary to administer chloroform. This calmed him, and he slept, but about two o'clock ho again awoke, and in about 20 minutes after he breathed his last. A wife and three children are left behind to mourn his untimely fate. He is said to have been an industrious, hard-work ing man, aged 33 years. A Faithful Dog?A noble pointer, rejoic ing in the name of "Dallas," made his first ap pearance in this city a few days since, after an absence of six montns from his owner, who had long ago given him up as lost. Ihe master became a resident of tnis city in December last, and not being willing to part from Dallas, on account of attachment formed duriug ten years' ownership of and friendship for him, had him put on board the steamer Fashion at Au gusta, duly consigned to Savannah. About 90 miles above here, Dallas contrived to mako his escape from the boat, thinking, doubtless, that he was being carried away from his master, and was not heard of again until a day or two since, when he arrivea here almost famished, lean, worn, and a mere wreck of the noble ani mal who had once been Canine King of Au gusta, and " held up his head in the best so ciety." We need hardly say that the meeting between him and his master was a joyful one. How he ascertained that Savannah was to be his future home, or how he managed, during his six month's pilgrimage in search of his master, to work out the problem of his whereabouts, is more than we can tell. We regret to learn that Dallas has become deaf during his travels, and possibly will never again hear the kind voice of his best friend. He is, however, improving in health and looks, and perhaps may recover his hearing in due course of time. At least we hope so, for so faithful a creature, brute though he is, deserves to have every channel open to him through which to receive the kind words, and good opinions of all who value true affection and fidelity.?Savannah Republican. MARRIED, On the 13th instant, by the Rev. O. W. Sammo*. Mr. JAMKS A. KING, to Miss M. D. VIRGINIA, daughter of Captain Joseph Peck, all of this city. In Wesley Chapel, on tho 13th instant, by the Her. Jab. H. Bbown, Mr. JOHN R. MoGREGOR to Miss MARY MeGKEGOK, both of this city. At St. Patrick's Church, on the 13th instant, by tbsRwv. T. CTooix, Mr. THOMAS P. MAGU1RK to Miss MARTHA M. REEVES, all of this city. ' DIED, In this city, on the 15th instant, after a short but pain" ful illness, JOHN HANSON, son of J. A. C. and M. A* lATh^funeral will take place to-day, at four o'clock, from his Cither's residenoe, corner New Jersey avenue and south B street, Capitol Hill. JET- Sick Headache Remedy.?A remedy for the sick headache, which has been recently offered to the public, is attracting great attention, not only by reason of the very satisfactory testimonials to its efficacy which have been volunteered by many who have been benefited by it, but also because there are so great a number of people who are iah flicted with the distressing complaint, for which uo medicine has before been made public. Dr. Eastman, who discovered the efficacy of his rem edy," is a physician in this city, in high standing, with a large practice. He is a physician in whom great confidence is placed; and we do not wonder that his remedy for a very common disease, which has been so long needed, has attracted the attention of all sufferers Irom hefcdaohe who have heard of it. From our own knowledge of Dr. Eastman s char acterand practice, we have ?o doubt that the med icine deserves the favor it receives, and that it will Drove to be a great benefit to all who may give it a trial.?Lynn Newt, Deceviber23, 1853. For sale in Washington by L. D. G1LMAN, and by all the druggist;. . APr The best Article ever used, as hundreds can testify in this city and surrounding country. Read . GILMAN'S LIQUID HAIR DYE instantaneously changes the hair to a brilliant jet Black or glossy Brtncn, which is permanent?does not stain or in any way injure the skin. No article ever yet in vented which will compare with it. We would advise all who have gray hairs to buy it, for it never fails.?Boston Ppst. For sale by Z. D. Gilman, Chemist, Apr 2 Washington city Stlnulating Liniment, as prepared at Oilman's drug store, is deserving of the highest com mendation as a cure for Chronic and Aoute Rheumatism. It seldom, If ever, falls to give speedy and lief. This Liniment has been prepared by Z. D..Oilman, chemist of this city for many years, and since lU introduc tion has been extensively used by many of tho r?" unec table families in the District and vicinity, to whom reference can be made at any "me as to its magical effectK in curing Rheumatism, oven in eldorly persons, who had beenwfferer* for a long time. It was originally made for horses, for the cure of lameness, saddle galls, Ac., and. is now much used for such purposes, being an invaluable article wherever a Liniment is required either boast. y aa- Sneclstl Notice HENRY'S INVIGORATING CORDIAL.?The merits of this purely vegetable *xtrMt for the removal and cure of physical prMtwtion, genital debility, nervous affections, Ac., Ac., are fully described in another column of this paper, to which tbe reader Is re ferred. 12 per bottle, 3 bottles for $6, si* bottles for $ , aifl Mr dozen Obwrre the mark* of the flenww. Pnwtftd only by 8. K. COHEN, No. 5 franklin Row, Vin? 2tr?u below Eighth, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. For aale by all the resectable druggiats and merchant* throughout th. w-Utwta, D. 0. CANBY A HATCH, Baltimore. UA110I ? P1CKL A STEVENS, Alexandria, V*., Wholesale Agents for Virginia son. P Q land. Sketches of genua, Florence, with a description of the Cathedral of Milan, translated from the French by Mrs. M. Harrieoo Robi-soo, ju?t ? June 15 Corner Penn. avenue and 11th street. rri H E ClUIBT HEART, REPRINTED I from Blackwood's Magasine c Travels in Armeniaj by the Hon. Robert Cur Poems : by the Hon. Mrs. Norton. Queens of Scotland, vol. 4 j by Agnes Strick A Year after Marriage ; by T. S. Arthur. Fanny Fern's Portfoho^ second series. ]S"?rS*lT?l" 1 TAn85&2?2?* -? I,,E PITCHERS.?We Wtve now on hand Thia Side hau Mood thutert of Km* is now known to lie the best article n use. lef sons ordering from the country will please en close five dollars. For sale atSTEyEjjg?g Sales-room, Browns' Hotel. June lft--3tif - XJUCKHKIN AND SILK prVR,SJSi!l 11 Portc-monnaies, Ivory Tablets, Boys Belts, Hair Brushes and Combs, lor sale low at LAMMOND'S, Air JLlne Railroad from New York to Ifor/bJk. Tal/ie Editors of the Courier and Enquirer: From an article in the Courier aiid Enquirer of the 9th instant, as well as from proceedings published in some other city papers, I see that public attention is being called to the air line railroad from New York to Norfolk. Some notice of this scheme was laid before the public last Tear, by gentlemen connected, I presume, with the Florence and Keyport com pany. In the article in the Courier, this line is call ed " The Recently Proposed Air Line Railroad from New York to Norfolk." Roth this air line road and the route from Norfolk via Seaford to Philadelphia and New York, were proposed by me several years ago, and in an article in the Enquirer, about four years since, the plan was distinctly developed for a direct railway connexion between New York and Norfolk. I have not preserved the j number of tho Courier containing my article, but I think you will recollect that I am correct in my assertions. In my published articles upon the railways of | Virginia, I have frequently, for seven years past alluded to this most important railway, and in a map of all the railways of the United StateB, prepared by me and published in the American Railroad 'JoumcU, in the month of j January, I think, 1849, this route is laid down acoompanied with an article showing its impor tance to New York In 1849, the route was advocated by me in a series of articles published in the New York Herald. Also in 1851, and in 1852. I am quite sure also that 1 referred to it in one of I my articles in Hunt's Merchant's Mayazine \ some six or seven .years ago. I am glad that this great subject is now coming again before the public, and I refer to the facta above stated, simply because I have been liberally abused for proposing, what has been regarded as visionary, by men, who can not look ahead and who denounce those who presume to do so as visionary enthusiasts. For seven or eight years past I have regard ed this line as one of paramount importance to New York, and which was destined at no very distant day to work important changes in her commercial relations with the great valley of | the west, as well as to form a most important link in the great southern lin<$ of roads to New Orleans. It will in fact make Norfolk the gateway of | New York to the Ohio and upper Mississippi vallies. And I again repeat, what I have so often said and written, that tbe time is not far distant, when a barrel of flour will come from Cincinnati to New York via Norfolk, as cheap, if not cheaper, than by any other route, and what will be of great advantage to the Empire City, it will equalize her immense business, and enable her to receive the agricultural products of the west, and send thither her merchandize at all seasons of the year, and especially at those seasons when her own canals and rail ways will be more or less impeded by ice and snow. Yours truly, PETER CLARK. New York, June 11. Fancy and plain note papers and Envelopes, stamped to order.?The sul> scriber has a large assortment of Note Papers and Envelopes, which he will stamp with the initials of his customers, without extra charge. Alscua general assortment of Plain and Fancy Statioiffiry, Visiting Cards of all kinds, Playing Cards, &c. Card Plates engraved in the best style, and Cards printed with promptness. WM. F. BAYLY, Penn. avenue, between 11th and 12th sis. May 21?eodlw* CARD.?The subscriber takes this method of informing his business friends of | is total inability to meet their just claims against him, caused by the unexpected stop put to his business by distrain, but pledges himself to pay I promptly tho legal interest on all claims, and if health be spared-him, to pay the principle as fast as possible- WILLIAM GADSBY. Washington, June 10, 1854?3t $50,000 WORTH OF REAL AND PER SONAL ESTATE FOR THE PEOPLE. Dlagulfloent Enterprise?Liberal, Kqulta ble, and Certain. WHITEHURST'S DAGUERREOTYPE ENTERPRISE. JH. WHITEHURST has deeded to trustees 0 in trust for the benefit of the shareholders in tho above enterprise $50,000 worth of real and personal estate, to be disposed of among the hold ers of shares at-the earliest possible date, after the sale of all the shares. The shares are $3 each, which entitles the holder to an equitable share in the within named magnificent collection of real personal properly ; also, to one of Whitehurst's $3 world's Fair Premium Daguerreotypes of self or friend at anytime when the certificate is presented at either of his Galleries. Trustees. G. E. KIRK. WM. R. RILEY. Galleries. Washington, D. C., Penn. av., bet. 44 and 6th sis. Baltimore, Maryland. Richmond, Virginia. Norfolk, Virginia. Petersburg, Virginia. Lynchburg, Virginia. Wilmington, N. C. Fayetteville, North Carolina. Also, arrangements have been made with the following celebrated Galleries to redeem the cer tificates, viz: J. Gurney's Gallery No. 349, Broadway, N. Y.: D. C. Collins & Co.'s Galleries, Nos. 100 and 1GC Chestnut street, Philadelphia; D.C. Collins & Co.'s, Wcstlield, Mass.; and D. C. Collins <fc Co., Spring field, Mass. 1.1st of Real and Personal Estate. One superior Farm, near Norfolk, Va., val ued at $7,000 One splendid three-story brick House and Lot in Georgetown, D. C., on Second street, second door from Frederick st... 0,500 One House and Lot in Georgetown, D. C., on the corner of Second and Frederick streets 4,500 One elegant House and Lot in Washing ton on Seventh street 4,800 One fine House and Lot in Washington on F street 3,700 One House and Lot in Portsmouth, Va.,on Court St., adjoining Town Hall 3,800 Two Lots in Georgetown on Second street, $500 each ' 1,000 One Lot in Washington on Seventh St.... 500 Five Pianos, $300 each 1,000 Fifty splendid Gold Lever Watches, at $100 00 5,000 Twenty-six massive Silver Pitch ers," at 50 00 1,300 Twenty do do Cups,at... 12 30 250 Fourteen Diamond Rings, at 70 00 9b0 Nineteen heavy Gold Chains, at.. 30 00 570 Twenty Silver Goblets at 20 00 400 Fifty fine Ladies' Bracelets, at.... 20 00 1,000 Fifty fine Breastpins, at 10 00 500 One hundred fine Gold Pencils,at. 7 00 700 One hundred fine Portmonnaies, at 5 00 500 One hundred fine Card Cases, at.. 10 00 1,000 Fifty fine heavy Gold Rings 3 00 1,500 One hundred splendid Gold Lock ets at 10 00 1,000 Three thousand Annuals, at...... 50 1,500 One thousand Photographic Art Journals.. 500 $50,000 The fact that this property is deeded to trustees in trust, residents of tho Distriot of Columbia, for the benefit of the stockholders; and every share holder receiving a daguerreotype worth $3, and of | the very fittest quality and elegantly cased ; the high characters and positions of those trustees, and the great and extended reputation and busi ness of Mr. Whilehurst, he deems sufficient gua rantees that the every promise of this advertise ment will he promptly and faithfully performed, as the labor will be distributed among so many gal leries, which are capable of producing from 1,000 to 1,500 pictures per diem. Not more than fifty thousand shares will be sold. Persons residing at a distance, and wishing or ders for a daguerreotype, wnich will entitle theth to a share in the above enterpriae, will please en close the amount, post-paid, to- Whitehurst's Gal leir, Washington. HILBUS ? H1TZ, agents for the sale of orders in this city, at their inusie depot, south side Penn sylvania avenue, between Tenth and Eleventh streets. June 15?dtf Treason against tub United Statrr.? The definition of treason ought to be understood by the men in and around Boston, who are making inflammatory speeches and appeals to incite the mob to resist the laws. It has been decided by the highest judicial officer of the United States in Massachusetts, that any concert or combination to resist the execution of a law of the United States, fol lowed by force, is treason both in those who by concert incited the violence, though not pre sent at the overt act, and by those committing any act of violence ! Judge Curtis ef the Supreme Court of the United States, in his charge to the grand jury November 15, 1851, declares that when there is a combination by which different individuals are united in one common purpose to prevent the execution of any law of the United States by force, aud actual force is used to prevent the execution of the law, it ia treason. That the crime of treason consists in forcibly resisting a law with a design to defeat the execution of such lav. And further, treason may be committed by those who are not present at the scene of vio lence. If a body of men are assembled or have concerted aud advised together, to effect a trea sonable purpose, such as forcible resistance to the execution of a public law, all who perform any part, however minute or however remote the scene of action, and who are actually leagued in the general conspiracy or combination,are guilty of treason, though not present at the scene of' | violence. It will be well for those spirits of discord and rebellion who have, incited men to a resistance to the law relating to fugitive slaves, by their speeches in conventions and elsewhere, to pause lest they meet the death of the traitor at the hands of the law.?Boston Post. A Balloon Accident in Austria.?Mr. God ard, the aeronaut, was sent for to Vienna to make an ascension in honor of the marriage of I the emperor of Austria. On the day appointed for his terial excursion, the weather was stormy and iust at the hour fixed for the departure an absolute tempest of wind broke over the city, and raged so violently that the authorities asked him to postpone his ascension to the next day. Mr. Goaard having consulted three gentlemen who were in the car with him, and having ob tained their consent, determined not tQ disap point the thousands of spectators assembled, and in consequence gave the word to let go. The balloon rose with extraordinary rapidity, and in less than five minutes was out of Bight. Then leaving behind it towns, hills, valleys, and rivers, it passed over Presburg and the Carpa thian mountains. After being ia the air very nearly an hour, Mr. Godard attempted to effect his descent in a wooded island of the Danube; but the wind was so violemt that the grapling irons broke away from the ground, and caught in one of the arms of an aged oak. Mr. God ard however,so eontrived matters that he got his three companions to the ground in safety, and then managed to bring down the balloon, though not without its being rent in.four places by the branches of the tree. The travelers were then obliged to remain for the night in the car, sheltered to some extent from the sever ity of the weather. The balloon had passed over 30 French leagues (73 English miles) in 55 minutes.?Galignani's Messenger. Military Force In Cuba. Extract of a letter from a New Yorker in Cvba. I arrived in Cuba with many Yankee notions in regard to this Island. I had been impressed with the belief, that even filibusters, landed in Cuba, could revolutionize and conquer the island. I have been here three months. I have seen the principal parts of the country, and noted the fortifications?the array, the preparations for active war?and I am now sat isfied that the people in the United States have been systematically deceived by numerous pub lications that appear to me to have intentionally misrepresented many things too obvious for mistake. With a view to correct these errors, I give you the result of my observations. The number of frigates, armed steamers, and "guarda cOstas," all well manned, on the coast and is the harbors, is four times greater than I had expected. There are also a num ber of vessels that can easily be converted into vessels of war of ten to twenty guns.. In ad dition, four steamers and six ships of the line are now on the way to Cuba, in convoy of trans ports, with six thousand regular drilled soldiers, 1,000 of whom are artillerists. The number of the troops, regular, of all arms, is about 24,000. To this soon will be added about 3,000 mulattoes, formed into com panies, to be annexed as flank companies, one or two to each battalion. A register of all the landholders and royal ists, ana those suspcctcd, is in the hands of the governor. All those who can be relied upon, and those suspected, are noted. In the hands of the former arms will be placed, in the event of invasion, and all suspected will be immedi ately arrested. The ammunition and arms are carefully guarded, and arrangements are made in case of trouble to pass all public And private treasures into the Moro Castle. The foolish young fellows in the States who join the fili busters iiv*?xpectatiou of plunder and easy conmiest, will dc disappointed, and, instead of realizing these expectations, will find defeat, death, or imprisonment. The natives of the island supposed to be friendly to revolution are a feeble race, iguorant of military matters without organization, arms, or concert, and will disappoint the expectations of their friends in the United States. Cholera is extending to many towns in the west, especially along the rivers. It does not yet prevail anywhere to an alarming degree Some cases have also occurred at Iscw York and one case at Boston. In the latter city the authorities are taking active measures to have the city thoroughly cleansed of all Jilth and impurities.?National Intelligencer. If this be strictly carried out the abolition ista will be swept from their main sewer. Dr." V A NPATTK N SURGEON DENTIST, Penn. avenue, between 0th and 7th sts., next to Totld'w Hat Store. Sep 81*.^, CHINA, GLASS. AND EARTHEN WAKE ESTABLISHMENT. 1th street, between Ijoutsiatta avenue and D street. THHE SUBSCRIBER HAS JUST Re ceived, from the north, a splendid assortment of China, Glass, and Earthenware; also, ningnifi cent Girandoles and Lamps of many patterns adapted for halls and parlors. Paints, boiled and raw, linseed oil, rutty, dow glass, of every variety, always on hand. Clocks, brushes, Ace., nnd every article lor gen ."I hOU,ekeeri.'Wl[rrL^EV, 71h itreet. Nov 20?ly (nO OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That have lost a Land Warrant Certificate for 100 aoros, No. 78,222. In favor of Neri D. Smith Lloyd B. Smith, Lewis Clark Smith, Benjamin Yost Smith, and Rosnnm Franti, collateral heirs of Hiram M. Smith, deceased, of company H, 8th United States Infantry, (Mexican war,)and which said certificate was a^ni^ned to the undersigned This certificate was mailed by Johnston, Brothers 9c Co., of Baltimore, on the 18th October, 1853, di reeled to William P. Williams, esq., Washington D. C., and was never received. It is my intention to apply for a duplicate of this warrant to the com| missioner of peusions. 1 NERI P. SMITH, Cumberland, Maryland ?"Jan 24, 1854. - Jan. 2H?tf P~* ROSPERI'S CORNET BAND.?This Band is suitable for any aud all purposos, and is warranted to give satisfaction to all those who may be pleased to engage tliem, either as Brass, Read, or Cotillion. From on* to anv number of Musicians can had, at the shortest notice, by applying at H1LBUS dc HITZ 8 Muaic Depot Or J. F. PROSPER!, Leader, At the Band room, New Odd-Fellows' Hall Garrison St., Nary Yard. Jnne 8?3t Sflijtatplu. By the lions* Lin*, axprvmlj for th? 8?ntlo?l. Tremendous fire?Loss Half a MUliou. Worcester, Mam. June 15.?A lire broke out yesterday evening in Merrifield's block,which was totally destroyed,together with the adjoining build ings. and the extensive pistol manufactory of Al len & Thurber. The loss is estimated at a hair a million of dollars, and upwards of 1,000 mechan ics have been thrown out of employment by the disaster. New York Markets. New York, June 15.?Flour?the market is rather dull, at a decline of 12$ cents per barrel. Sales of 4,500 barrels, at $7 87? lor State, and $8 62$ for Ohio. Southern flour is unchanged, with sales of 500 barrels, at $8 67i & $9 50. Wheat is dull and declining, with sales of1 8,000 bushels. Corn is unchanged, with sales of 48,000 bushels, at 79 for mixed, and 86 lor yellow. Pork is dull, with a declining tendency. Beef is firm, with an upward tendency. Lord is firm, and improving. Whisky is better, with sales of 175 barrels at 28 cents. NEW BOOKS.?The Whimsical Woman, by Euaijie F. Carlen. Crystalline j or, the Heiress of Fall Down Castle, a romance, by F. W. Shelton, A. M., author ot "The Rector of St. Bardolph's," Sic. The Myrtle Wreath, or Stray Leaves Recalled, by Minnie Myrtle. ? Melbourne and the Chincha Islands, with Sketches of Lima and a Voyage round the World, by George W, Peck. Just published and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Corner Penn. avenue and 11th street. May 16 ? PINE WATCHES & RICH JEWELRY. HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between # 4J and Cth streets, has just returned from the north with a good assortment of the most rich and fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he purchased for cash at very low prices, and now of fers tor sale the same, at wholesale or retail, much cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been sold for in this section of country. PJaase call at his store, sign of the large spread eagle. N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing to ne watches b^ W. W. Hollingsworlh. Apr 2 MRS. GILBERT, Oil Pennsylvania ave nue, opposite the government green-house, has several vacant rooms. Transient boarders can be accommodated by day or week. June 14?cod CAPON SPRINGS.?THE "MOUNTAIN House," at this well-known watering place, will be opened by the undersigned on the 20th of June. No effort or outlay shall be wanting to render Capon, in.its comforts, gayeties, and many attrac tions, fully equal to any place ofsummer resort in the Union. The cars from Baltimore and Alexandria, con necting with lines of stages from Winchester, Piedmont, and Front Royal, nfl'ord pleasant and speedy acccss. T. L. BLAKEMOHE, THOMAS B. P. INGRAM. June 14?2mcp ___ VTEW BOOKS.?Armenia: A Year at Er J^j zeroum and on the Froutiers of Russia, Tur key, and Persia, by the Hon. Robert Curzon, author of "Visits to the Monasteries of the Le vant." Life and its Aims, in two parts: part first, Ideal Life; part second, Actual Life. The Quiet Heart, a novel, from Blackwood's Magazine. Volume4th Mrs. Strickland's Lives of the Queens of Scotland. Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th streets. June 14 ' . RENCH LITERATURE.?TAYLOR & MAURY have on sale several cheap editions of the most eminent French authors, including Saintine Balzac, Lamartine, Villemicn, Dumas, Eugene Sue. and Victor Hugo. For sale by TAYLOR MAURY, June 14 Bookstore, near 9th st. CRYSTAL PALACE.?Grand Musical Congress on Thursday next, June 15.?The President and Directors of "The Association for the Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations,"' have the gratification to announce that they have succeeded in organizing, on a scale of magnitude unprecedented in this country, one of those great Choral and Orchestral meetings which have taken place annually for the last fifty years in England, Germany, and France, and which have contributed so much to the advancement of musical science and art. The object of the association in erecting the Cyrstal Palace was not only to provide a buildihg in which the inventive skill, mechanical genius and productive industry of America and all other nations might be represented and exhibited, but also a temple worthy of containing the world's chefs ifantvres in the fine arts, as has been shown by the collection of sculpture, and by the arrange ment of a large portion of the building as a gallery for paintings?such an appropriation for the latter art not having been made even in the great World's Fair in London. Thus far the directors feel that they have done all that laid in their power for sculpture and painting; but until now the op portunity has not presented itself of doing justice to the sister art. of music. As there never has been at any period so many talented musical ar tistes assembled at once in America as we find here at the present moment, this seems to be the most propitious occasion for putting in execution the great design of uniting in one gigantic ensemble the elite of the instrumental celebrities of Europe with those of America, in addition to the great choral societies of the several large cities of the United States. The directors would state, there fore, that M. JULLIEN, to whom the French gov ernment assigned the task of directing the first grand " Congress Musicale," given at the Gardens of the Tiiileries, in Paris, on the 1st of May, 1S37, and whose renown and ability in the direction of great musical masses stands unrivalled in Eng land, and in fact throughout Europe, having been prevailed upon to delay his departure for London and Paris, (with that of the eminent solo par formers comprised in his orchestra.) the directors have been fortunate enough to avail themselves of his valuable co-operation in the direction of this vast Musical Reunion. In this long-projected and difficult undertaking, the directors ore happy to add that their views have been met with readi ness and enthusiasm by all those whose aid was necessary to the accomplishment of their project, on a scale of splendor and completeness worthy alike of the diviue art of music, the building in which this vast Congress is to be held, and the patronage of the American people. general arrangements. A colossal orchestra will be erected in the cast nave capable of containing fifteen hundred per formers. A list of the Orchestra, Philharraonie Societies' Bands, Choral Societies, Italian and German Choruses, and principal artistes from Bos ton, Philadelphia. Baltimoro, New Orleans, Cin cinnati, Providence, Hartford, New Haven, Buf falo, Albany, Sec ,&c., will be duly announced. The Crystal Palace will be closed on Tuesday next, the 13th instant, until one o'clock, p. m., and all the day on Wednesday, and until four o'clock on Thursday, the 15th, in order to make the proper rehearsals for the Musical Congress. HE WORLD OP SCIENCE. ART, and Industry, illustrated, from examples in the New York Exhibition, 1853 and 1854, edited by Prof B. Silliman. jr., and C. R. Goodrich, esq. Sketches of the Canijvaign in Northern Mexico in 1840 and 1S47, by an otticer of the first regiment ofOhio volunteers. Rob of the Bowl, a Legend of St. Inigocs, by J. P. Kennedy, revised edition. Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Corner of Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. LLICOTT'S MILLS.?A beautifully exe cuted drawing of this picturesque spot, in chromo-Iithography, on sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S May 31?3t _____ Bookstore, near 9th M. ROOMS POR RENT.?The Parlors and Bed Rooms lately occupied by Hon. Sena tor Johnson on Louisiana avenue, nearly oppo site the City Hall, will be rented until the end of the present session of Congress. After which the entire dwelling will be for rent, either with or without the furniture. The situation is dalightful, and considered to be one of the healthiest loca tions in the city. For further particulars apply to M. A. Stettinius, on the premise*. June 11?3t WAMAR1ND JAM, for sale by JL SHEKELL & BAILEY, No 5, opposite Centre Market May II?3tif. 'JRisnllmfltts. ORANGE AND ALEXANDRIA RAILROAD. The cheapest, most comfortable, and expedi tious route to the White Sulphur Springs, passing the Alum, Warm, and Hot Springs. ? , . ARKAMGENENTO having .'Sgjlimy been made with the owners of the new and splendid steamer GEORGE PAGE to run between Alexandria and Washington, a dis tance of six miles, in oonuexion with lite train* ou thiti road and the Waabirtgton railroads, the loi lowing schedule will take effect on and after Thursday, June 1, 1854: A train from Alexandria to Gordonaville, and intermediate stations, will leave the depot, corner of Duke and Henry streets, at 7 o'clock, a. in ou the arrival of the Boat from Washington, giving ample time for Breakfast on board, arriving a! Gordonsville at half past 10 o'clock, connect ing at that point with the trains on th? Virginia Central railroad to Richmond, Charlottesville, and Staunton. A traia from Gordonsville to Alexandria, and in termediate stations, will leave Gordonsville at 11 o'clock, on the arrival of the enrs on the Vir ginia Central road, arriving at Alexandria at hall past 2 o'clock, thus allowing time to connect with the trains leaving Washington city for the north, and for dinner on board the boat. A train from Alexandria to Warrenton Had. in termediate stations, will leave Alexandria daily (Sunday excepted) at3o'clock, p.m., arriving at Warrenton a 5J o'clock, p. m. On Sunday will leave at 7 o clock, a. Train from Warrenton to Alexandria ind inter mediate stations will leave Warrenton d.t,iy (Sun day excepted) at a quarter before 7 o'clock, a. in., arriving at Alexandria at ball-past (J o clock, a. in On Sunday will leave at quarter past 12 o clock, P" m* THROUGH TICKETS. To Warrenton 81 J* Gordonsville 3 J? Charlottesville ? Staunton ? j;" ?Lynchburg ? ? ^ 25 ?New Market 11'\ ?Passengers for Luray, and New Market will take the train leaving Alexandria at 7 o clock, a. m., on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, connecting with the stages at Culpeper Court, House. , , ? Passengers for Lynchburg will take the train leaving Alexandria at 7 o'clock, a. in., on Mon days, Wednesdays, and Fridays, connecting with the stages at Charlottesville. . BIT" Passengers for the White Sulphur Springs will take the train leaving Alexandria daily con necting with the stages at Staunton. Freight trains are running daily, Sundays ex cepted. Per order: W. B. BROCKETT, June 1?if Agent. NOTICE.?Application will he made lor a duplicate land warrant, issued March 29th, 1&53, being No. 49.382, for eighty (SO) acres of land, in favor of Thomas G. Riley, for services rendered in South Carolina militia, Florida war, 193G, the original warrant having been lost in Washington, j May 5?lawGw JOSIAII JOHNSON, j SHIRTS! SHIRTSi: SHIRTSI!J | /~\UALITY, fit, and workmanship guaran \J tied, being wholly manufactured by our artis ans and seamstresses, on the premises ol the pro prietor, gI(JN QF THE SHIRT, Opposite the United States Hotel. The reputation which these Shirts have acquired amongst Members of Congress and a large num ? ber of our citizens, induces the advertiser to in vite those gentlemen who have not tested them to give him a call, feeling assured that they will, on trial, admit their superiority. An experienced cut ter is constantly employed, and a good fit is war ranted in every case. None but the most conipe petent seamstresses are engaged, which is a guar antee for the excellency and durability ol the work. A splendid assortment of Shirts, Collars, Bo soms, Cravats, Handkerchiefs, Suspenders, &c., constantly on hand. I Y WM. H. FAULKNER, S. side Pa. avenue, bet. 3 and 4 4 streets, Nov 6?eoly. (m) opposite U. S. Hotel. THOMPSON CARNER, Merchant Tai lors, Morfit's' building, 4i street, near Penn sylvania avenue, would most respectfully inform their friends, the public in general, and the old pa irons of Joseph R. Thompson, in particular, that they have received their opring Supply oi Crooda, "which to be admired needs but to be seen : , and which they will make to order, in style and j fit, to please the tastes of the most fastidious, ot all ages. Favor us with a call. Our motto is ; "We study to please." Mar 2.)? iftl UPI1YR DRAWERS AND SHIRTS. The best quality, best variety, and the best as sortment of sizes ot under-shirts and drawers ever oil'ered by us can now be found at our sales room, Browns' Hotel. Junel?3tif STEVENS. A HOUSE AND FURNITURE FOR RENT, within five minutes walk of the Capi tol, well located, well furnished, and terms mod erate. Apply to J. C. McGuire, auctioneer; or IL N. Strtitton, auctioneer; or the office of the Wash ington Sentinel. [June 3?dtl -lyTEW BOOKS.?The Plurality of Worlds, with an introduction, by Edward Hitchcock, D. D. Rambles in Brazil, or a Peep at the Aztecs,with a map and illustrations. The Religion of the Northmen, by Rudolph Keyser. ... The Catacombs of Rome, as illustrating the Church of the Three First Centuries, by Rev. W. Ingraham Kip. Uncle Jerry's Letters to Young Mothers, com piled by Ann E. Porter. The Eternal Day, by H. Bonar, D. D. ? Discourses and Sayings of our Lord Jesus Christ, illustrated in a series of expositions, by John Brown, D. D. The Church beforo the Flood, by the Rev. John Cumming, D. D. Theological Essays, by Frederick Denison Mau rice, M. A., with a new preface and other addi tions. The Sepulchres ot our Departed, by F. R. Ans petch, A. M., JIagerstown, Md. The History of the French Protestant Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edictof Nantes to our own days, by Charles Weiss. Translated by Henry William Herbert, with an appendix by a descendant of the Huguenots, in twtt^ols. For sale at the bookstore of R. FARN1IAM, Corner of 11th street and Penn. avenue. May 7 PENN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE Company of Philadelphia. Charter perpetual. Allthe profits divided among the pohoy-hoklers. This company is purely mutual. Capital $.*>00,000. David L. Miller, president; John W. Horner, sec retary. This compony has declared n dividend ol 25 per cent, on cash premiums received during the year 1853. Pamphlets explaining rates, advan tapes, Arc., will be furnished parties interested, nntl such are earnestly requested tc examine them be fore insuring, as few companies offer such induce ments. JAMES J. MILLER,Agent, Over banking-house. Selden, Withers & Co Medical examiner, J. M. Austin, M. D. Office and residence on F street, north side, one door west of 10th. May 2 OR SALE, THIRTY-SEVEN AND A half acres of Land, lying within halt a mile of the Plank Road, and within three miles of the limits of the city. The most of the tract is in wood, lies well for cultivation, with two fine springs on it, under goOd fencing, and admirably adapted for a market farm. The wood when sold will oav for the necessary improvements. Terms easy. Apply to JAMES J. MILLER, Over Selden, Withers & Co.'s Bank. May 11?eolm RO B E S I RORESl-A fUll supply of Gent's Dressing Robes of Cashmere, Turkey prints, Jcc., suitable for the present season, nt LANE'S Gent's Furnishing Store. P?t. av., near 4J st. May 5?eod2wif (Int., Star.) EOR SALE, A THREE-STORY BRICK House and Lot on New York avenue, near 7th street and opposite the market-house. The building contains a store-room nnd commodious dwelling, and is a good stand for business; it has recently been putin first-rate order. Possession given immediately. For terms which ?will be very easv apply to JAMES J. MILLER. easy, aPP y R^ol A?ent May n tf #vcr Selden, Withers & Co. |*K>? AIIUTKiHT METALLIC Burial Cases.???* by M.M. WHITE, Underta ker and Agent, scar the corner of 3dst. and Penn sylvania avenue. Persons wishing to purchase will find it to tfceir advantage to call. Two good hearses, with handsome grey hors#s, a ways in readiness. Th?tc cases <nui he supplrtd at thirty minutes' notice. Feb 20-3,u %attl8, JJfstaraitls, Jtoartmtg Jote." UNION HALL, HOTEL AND HKFLC tory, C street, between (>th and 7th streets, Washington. E. J. "WlLLSoN, W. H. HEYWAKD. Dec. 15?tf BUOWM'S MARBLE HOTEL, PKN.N.SVfcVANIA AVBNtnr, WASHINGTON CITY. T. P. Bkown. M. Bs(TW?* Alexander baker s (late or va. Potomac House, Pennsylvania avenue, a jew doors east of 4J street, Washington. Sep 21? U "" 1 . > "? . ,? HARPER'S MAGAZINE lor Juue, at SHtLLINGTOJt S Bookstore. Fanny Fern's ne\y boot, second series of her Leaves. ' Reginald Lyle, by Miss Pardoe. Rival Beauties, or Love and Diplomacy. Knickerbocker Magazine, for June. Behind the Scenes, by Lady Bulwer. Dickens's Household Words, lor June. All tjie new books and magazines received as fast as published, and (or sale at JOE SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4 J street June 3?3t and Penn. avenue. Trial of matt. f. ward.?Fulland authentic Report, with the Speeches delivered on the occasion, and the Reply of Alfred Allen, '"^3"' Auojlne>' Commonwealth. The Religion of the Northmen, by Rudolph Keyser, Professor of Hibtory in ihu University of Norway. ltevereuce in the Sanctuary, by a Layman. Just published and for sale at TAYLOR ic MAURY'S May 25 Bookstore, near 9th st, Fanny fern's new hook.?scrond series of Fern Leaves, composed of entirely new matter. This second otlering of her Leaves is decidedly superior to anything which has y? issued from her spirited pen. Lady Bulwer's new book, Behind the Scene. This work is very brilliant and wonderful ability is displayed in almost every page. The Dodd Family, one of Lever's funniest speci mens of inimitable humor and satire. Graham's Magazines for June. All the New Books and Magazines received as fast as published, and for sale at JOE SH ILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4i street and Penn. May 30?3t avenue. Check books on the bank of the Metropolis, Bank of Washington, and Patriotic Bank, Blank Notes and Bills of Exchange, for sale by W. C. ZANTZ1NGER, Stationers' Hall, adjoining Irving Hotel. May 24?3tif New books received at shil LINGTON'S Bookstore? The Dodd Family, by Charles Lever, author of Charles O'Malley. Behind the Scenes, by Lady Bulwer Lytton. The Lamplighter, one of the most fascinating books ever written. Everything in the Book.Newspaper, and Sta tionery line lor sale at JOE SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4? May 23?3t street ami Pa. avenuo. PEKN LEAVES, FROM FANNY'* JC Portfolio, second series. Life in Abyssinia, by Mansfield Parkyns. American Fruit Grower's Guide, by F. R. El liott. Lectures on Pulmonary Consumption, by The ophilus Thompson, M. D., F. It. S. Alone, by Marion Ilarland. Theological Essays, two vols, by Thomas D? Quincfcy. Pocket Book of Mechanics and Engineering, bv J. W. Nystrom, C. E. Chemistry of Common Lite, No. 2. by Johnston. J ust received at TAYLOR & MAURY'S May 31?3t Bookstore, near 9th st. BARTLETT'S AMERICAN EXPLOR ing Expedition.?Personal narrative of ex plorations and incident* in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, by J. R. Bnrt lett, United States Commissioner during that pe riod, in two volumes, with maps and illustrations. The Ilivo of the Bee Hunter, a repository o? Sketchc-, ii Ceding peculiar American character," scenery, and , urn I sports, by T. B. Thorpe, author of Tom Owen, the Bee Hunters, <tc., Illustrated by sketches from nature. Farmingdale, a novel, by Caroline Thomas. Our Parish, or annals of Pastor and People. Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Jnne 8 Corner of Penn. avenne and 11th st. weece and the golden horn, by Stephen Olin, D. D. The Parish-Side, by the Clerk of the Parish of Edgefield. First Lessons in Gentleness and Truth, by Aunt Alice. The Home of the Mutineers on Pitcairn's Island. Cumining's Lectures on the Parables and Mi I racles. Fern leaves from Fanny's Portfolio, sccond series. A very large nnd fine assortment of Stationery, just received and for sale at low prices by GRAY tic BALLANTYNE, Jnne 7?3t Seventh street. Anew work by henry rogers, author of the '-Eclipse of Faith," entitled A i>elence of the Eclipse of Faith, by its author, be ing a rejoinder to Professor Newman's ,;lteply and, in order to give the American public the whole matter at a glance, there is included in the same volume the " Reply to the Eclipse of Faith,'' by F. VV.Newman, with his chapter on the "Moral Perfection of Christ." For salu by GRAY ic BALLANTYNE, May 19?3t Seventh street. OLD AND T1IE GOSPEL. PRIZE Essays on the Scriptural Duly of Giving in Proportion to Means and Income. Daniel, a Model for Young Men, a series of Lco tures, by Rev. W. A. Scott. New Orleans. Voices of the Dead, by Rev. Dr. Cumming. The Divine Character Vindicated, by Reverend Moses Ballou. Uncle Jerry's Letters to Young Mothers. Plain Sermons for Servants, by Castleman. Fhe National Magazine tor June, the best num ber yet published. For sale by GRAY & BALLANTYNE, May 31?3t 7tli street. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TOBACCO, CIGAR, AND SNUFF STORK, Second door west of Adams (f Co.'s Express Ojpct. S SIMMONS keeps constantly in store oa ? retail all the most approved brands of IM PORTED CIGARS, of every price and flavor. He solicits calls from his friends and the public May 13 if * WANTED TO FIND THE FIRST PRIW son that has taken Eastman'* Head/ichr Itevurty, according to directions, who has not been entirely relieved, call at OILMAN'S Mfty Drug Store. IIIKTS, SHIRTS.?Superior Dress Shirts ?' linen and cOlton, with plain. French, em broidered, and colored bosoms. An additional supply just received at LANE'S Gentlemen's Furnishing Store. Penn. avenue, near 44 street. - May 98?dlwif JULES BONNET^ 6K1UIU.L ? NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING OFPIt'K, NO. 80. NASBAU STREET, NEW YORK. Advertisements received for all journals throughout the United Stales, Cauadas and Europe, and arrangements made at' the lowest rates. All papers kept on file for the inspection of advertisers, and every information give"- Oct I?tt Gentlemen's hosiery??rsuk. Lisle Thread, white and brown Cotton, fancy and striped ditto; a full anJ varied assortment just received at LANE'S Gent's Furnishing Store. Pa. av., near 4J st. May 5?eod2wif (Int., Star.) T^CONOMY, Neatness, and Punctuality JFj combined in the production of shirts.?*tJTE VENS, Browns' Hotel, takes the measure and warrants his shirts not only to fit, but to be of good quality and style. Gentlemen annoyed with a bad fitting shirt can be suited by leaving their orders at ? STEVENS'S June 4?3tif Sales Room, Browns' Hotel. Ci E N T'S SUMMER UNDER-OAlT X ments, of Silk, Gauze Merino, Gauie Cot ton, Lisle Thread, &c. A large supply ju8t re ceived at LANE'S Gent's Furnishing Store, Pa. nr.. near 44 st. May ft? cocttwif (Int., Star.) s