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KDITKU BY \VM Ji. OVERTON. CH. MAURICE SMITH. AND BEVERLEY TUCKER. CITY OF WASHINGTON. JANU IrYT2, 1855. ?jr* All letter* o* Mulncii should be a ti ll retard to '''i'lie Heutlnel OlMce," Watb lugton. O. H. P. Stkm, is our authorized agent for collecting accounts duo thit* office, and tor ob tuiuing new subscribers iu Virgiaia. KANSAS AND SLAVERY-INTEKBHT INQ LETTER OF GEN. STRlNtiFEL LOW. AV e publish this morning a letter addressed by General Stringfellow, of Missouri, t#$everal distinguished members of the Housitiif Repre sentatives, who applied' to him by letter for such information as they desired relative to the settlement aud ultimate destiny of the new Ter ritory of fvansus. The facts and opinions con tained in General Stringfellow's letter are of I the most authentic und reliable character. He is not only a gentleman of great intelligence, influence and standing, but from his long resi dence iii Missouri, just on the border of Kan sas, he enjoys opportunities of acquiring infor mation accessible to but few. Abolition jour nals have flooded the country with anonymous letters intended to cheer the spirits of the iu ccudiary aud fanatical Emigrant Aid Societies of the North, and to discourage emigration from the South. But this letter emanates from a respectable and a responsible source, is over the proper signature of the author, and is, therefore entitled to attention and respect. General Stringfellow states it as his- settled opinion, that Kansas must aud will be a slave State. The reasons he gives for this opinion are of the most convincing and satisfactory character. He says that farms must, of ne cessity, be made in the prairie; that the timber for fencing aud fuel is scarce and ditticult to obtain; that it will have to be hauled, by means of teams, from a distance, and in most cases, from such a distance as to render fencing too costly for little fields. Again, he says that the greatest difficulty is, the first cost of breaking the prairie. This requires two hands and at least six yoke of pxen. If hired, it would cost at least three dollars per acre; but it cannot be hired* in Kansas for years, since every man there will have his own laud to break. Each settler must, therefore, have his own team and his own ploughmen. These things have al ready driven the Abolition emissaries of the Emigrant Societies out of Kansas in large num bers; and these things show, in connection with others stated by General Stringfellow, the necessity of slave labor, in settling Kansas. General Stringfellow condemns in the strongest terms the determined and well concerted efforts of the Abolition Societies to contravene the whole spirit of the Nebras ka bill, in that clausc of it which repealed the restrictive feature of the Missouri com promise, by drawing emigration from its natural channels, and excluding the institn tions of the South from Kansas, by means of bribes aud bounties. Indeed, we have all along contended that these miserable hirelings were not citizens in contemplation of law. and should not be allowed to determine and fix the institutions and character of the new Territo ry. Had the citizens of Missouri gone over to Kausas to defeat their nefarious schemes, with out any of the rights of permanent residents or lauded proprietors, they would, in our view, have been as good voters as the hired servants of the Abolitionists, who went there only to give Abolition votes and then leave. The letter on which wc are commenting, states that, though ihrte thousand of these men were transported to Kaunas, yet only two hundred and forty-eight were left on the day of the election, and of these oue hundred and fifty left on the day fol lowing the election. This is what the Emi grant Aid Societies call permanent residence. It is of the first importance that Kansas shall have the same institutions that exist in Missouri and the States that border her. That this're suit will take place, that it will take place in a regular, peaceful, and legal manner, we have but little donbt, after reading the clear, well considered, and convincing letter of General StringfeUow. It is obviously to the interest of slaveholders in Missouri, in Arkansas, in Texas, fn all the neighboring slaveholding States, and indeed, in all the States in which the institution of slavery exists, to see to it, that foul means are not resorted to, to make Kansas an Abolition lever to destroy them. ' But we submit this letter to our readers without further comment, and bespeak for it an attentive perusal. THE REFORM BILL FOR THE DIS TRICT. Lord Brougham, with characteristic e*trava gancc, once said that the whole system of Brit ish liberty might be reduced to the one else msnt of jury trial. Without endorsing fally a *?Miraent *? brood and sweeping in its import, 110 one can fail to perceive that there is much truth in the proposition. It is, therefore, of the very first importance that the organization of a tribunal so popular in its character, so wise and so just, shonld be formed opon principles which will ensure intelligence and impartiality in those who constitute it It is proposed by the Reform bill for the Dis trict of Columbia, that, the law shall be so mod ified as to secure these benefits, and to avoid the evils peculiar to the system as at present organized. The plan proposed is very similar <0 that recently adopted in Virginia, which haa been found to work successfully. Instead of devolving upon the Marshal of the District the duty of selecting and empanneling juries, it is designed to prepare a list of all persons who, from intelligence, moral worth, and renponsi bility, are qualified to act in this capacity. From the liat so prepared, the requisite num ber of jurors for each court are selected by lot, and having discharged their office, are exempt from further service during the ensuing year. A system so simple in its plan is entirely ade <quate to the demands of justice. It deprives the marshal, who is a federal and executive officer, of the right to interfere with the consti tution rf the jury tribunal; it secures on all juries men of intelligence and merit sufficient for the discharge fit the duties committed them ; and it is less ohno.xjons than any other system to the objection so often urged, that the appointment of men of buiiiuess ou juries in made at a sacrifice to their time and private duties, and thus a hardship to the citizen. But by far the most important feature in the bill under consideration is, that which provides for the amendment and codification of laws. As we have before remarked, the laws which prevail in the District of Columbia are for the most part taken from the Maryland statute book, framed before the deed of cession. The code is, therefore, entirely inapplicable to the wants and condition of the people. Congrews has taken but little interest in tiiis subject, and has failed to make provision by law for the changes which have been gradually going ou among the people of the District. That stimu lant to legislative exertion, which arises from responsibility to a constituency, is wanting here, where the community is governed by a power irresponsible in its relations to the people, and uninterested in the operation of their laws. What does the honorable representative from Maine or California, for example, care for a law applicable to the District of Columbia, a law which his people will never see, and which reflects no lustre upon his reputation at home? Is it not far more important to him that he should exhaust his hour in tho loquacious Committee of the Whole, in sectional abuse of one half of the confederacy, or in declamation and touching sympathy in the present contest between Russia and Turkey? Such a course is not only natural, bat is absolutely pursued-and thus while session after session is devoted to subjects of this character, while Jellaby sym pathies and Chadband philanthropy are ex hausted on European politics or Arctic expe ditions, the people of the District, in which, but not for which, they legislate, are suffering for a code, which if it were even adequate to their wants and their protection, is so badly admin istered as to amount to an absolute denial of justice. ,If it were not that such neglect is so serious iu its effects, it might serve as matter of amusement to refer to tho laws of the Dis trict, to see the full grown proportions of a commercial community squeezed into the awkward habiliments of colonial legislation and the charges and fees of judicial officers estimated in pounds of Maryland tobacco. The bill which is now before the Senate, proposes to reform these evils. It provides for the appointment of codifiera learned in the law and competent to the discharge of the duty, to reform the code-to incorporate such provisions from the laws of Maryland, selected because of its parental relation to the District,) as in their wisdom may be deemed proper and expedient-the system so provided, after due time and consideration, is to be sub mitted to the people of the District, and sub je?t to the ratification of Congress. We have thus briefly considered the several points involved in the reform proposed for the District of Columbia. We have contended that from the peculiar relation subsisting be tween Congress and the people of the District, it was but right and fair that the people should be consulted, and their views respected with regard to questions involving such vital iuterests. We asserted that the constitutional right of Congress to make the changes pro posed in the judicial system was clear and un questionable-and that such changes were as wise in policy as they were constitutional. We regarded the oontrol exercised by Congress over this judicial system as resulting from the clause in the Constitution vesting in them ex clusive legislation over the District of Colum bia, and not from the clause relative to the ju diciary. We advocated the changes proposed in the jury system, and in the amendment and codification of the laws; and, above all, we contend that the submission of the question of these changes to the people of the District is just and constitutional, and is properly con sistent with the republican idea of popular so vereignty. WORTHY OF CONSIDERATION. In this day of Fusion and confusion, the at tentive observer has much to learn and ponder upon. The following, with regard to Indiana politics, is of this character. It is taken from an Indianopplis paper, ^hose editor voted the Fusion ticket at the late election. He says : " Thousands of the old line Whigs went over to the Democracy, and thousands of Democrats supported the republican ticket. Without their aid the Whigs might have voted till doomsday without achieving a triumph. The Democrats went into the matter heartily, in good faith, laying aside their old party predilections, ana supporting men who had heretofore been their antipodes in politics. Six, out of the nioe mem bers of Congress elected, were out and 014 Whigs, and two others were candidates. Three, out of the five candidates on the State ticket were Whigs, and a similar proportion was found on nearly all the county tickets. 44 And now, when there are other places to fill by the Legislature, the question may be askea, whether the Democratic portion of the Fnsionists are to be remembered, or not. Judging from the number of candidates, a democrat will have no show for anything. And, if so, how long before the Republican party will sink bark into its original elements? The above appeared in Chapman's paper now called "Republican," recently " Chapman't Chanticleer"-on the morning of the meeting of the Indiana Legislature, on the 4th inst In the face of this article, all the officers of the House, we are told, were taken from the old Whig party. It will be seen, that the predic tion above quoted, which says:-"Judging from the number of candidates, a Democrat trill hare no xhmn for any thing"-has thus far been realized. The concluding prediction and question, which reads" And if so, hor long before the Republican party trill sink back into its original elements?" in yet in the future. Now, we do not expect anything we may say will hare mnch influence; bnt, as there is a decided majority of Democrats who voted for Polk, Cass and Pierce in the Indiana legisla ture, and all of them, that were old enough, for Jackson, we cannot, for the life of us, sec why such Democrats will suffer a United States Bank Whig to be elected to the Senate, while the minor offices are filled with a like mate rial, when, by sinking back into their origi nal elements, Democrats, who havs been tem porarily estranged, on a single and new ques tion, may carry out their ancient principles withont much, if any, sacrifice, and have full justice awarded them, sb far as legislative fa vors are concerned. The Indiana Republican makes tisejf witty, flinch Gov. Wright has withdrawn from the Methodist ^^copal Church, because bis preacher was a Know Nothing. WH thiufc there tuuol be t>v>iue mistake, but w?j publuh the article in order to show into what confusion politics aud politicians have been thrown in Indiana. The Republican say a: "We understand that Gov. Wright has with drawn from the Methodist Episcopal Church, assigning ax a reason, that the preacher was a Know-Nothing. We have no doubt there was Know-Nothing in the case, and w? don't refer to the preacher. We are further informed that there has been a revival going on at Strange Chapel, (the charge to which the Governor was entrusted,) ever since his withhdrawal. We don't nieau to say that the rejoicing is ou that account." Annual Statistics. The New York Herald of the 31st ult. gives some statistics of the United States for the year 1854. The amount of property destroyed by fires, where the loss in each instance exceeded $20,000, is stated at $20,578,000. The total loss by all fires ia estimated at $25,000,000, Num ber of persons killed by accidents to steamboats, 587; number wounded, 225. N umber of persons killed by accidents to railroad trains, 18G; num ber wounded, 582. Number of lives lost by burning buildings, 171. Number of murders, 682; number of executions, 84. Number of | revolutionary soldiers deceased, 8G. Number of persous aged 100 years and over, deceased, 47. . ITEMS. CONVENTION OF KNOW-NOTHING SECEDERS. SCHENECTADY, Jan. 10.-A Know-nothing conven tion of 125 delegate*, composed of seceders from the old lodges, is in session here. The object is to effect a thorough organization, lo counteract the political influence of Ihe Barker wing of the party, which, as is charged, he is exciting against Mr. Seward. The convention met this afternoon, and is now holding an evening session, but noth ing important has been done. KNOW-NOTHING DEFEATS.-PITTSBURO, Jan. 9. Mayor Voltz, the citizen's candidate, has been re elected by a majority of 473 over Morgan, the Know-nothing candidate. A heavy vote was polled. Mayor Adams, the citizen's candidate in Alle gheny city, has also been re elected over the Know-nothing candidate. DEFENSE^ OF NEW YORK.-The N. York Courier and Enquirer institutes the following comparison between the defences of New York and SebaMo pol, which will surprise many : NKW YOHK. Guns Fort Columbus.... 105 Castle William.... 78 South Battery 14 Fort Gibson ....... 15 " Wood 77 " Richmond.... 140 " Tompkins..., 64 Battery Hudson... &0 " Morton.... 9 Fori Lafayette .... 7G u Hamilton 116 " Schuyler 318 Total 1064 SEBASTOPOI.. Guns. Quarantine Fort... GO Fort Alexander .... 90 Battery of Sebastopoi 40 Fort Nicolas 200 " Paul 84 " Sebastopoi... f>0 " Catharine.... 120 " Constantine .. 110 Battery..... 30 Several small batte ries, estimated .. 100 Total 694 CENSUS OF MICHIGAN.-The returns of the cen sus taken last May exhibit a gratifying increase in the population of the State : In 1810 the State (then a Territory) had a population of. 4,7G2 In 1620 the State (then a Territory) had a population of. 8,696 In 1627 the State had a population of.... 21,332 In 1>30 the State had a population of.... 31,639 In 1634 the State had a population of.... 97,500 In 1637 the State had a population of.... 173,776 In 1640 the State had a population of.... 212,267 In 1645 the Slate had a population of.... 504,310 In 1850 the State had a population of.... 402,601 In 1654 the State had a population of.... 509,374 THE MICHIGAN TAPERS assert that the priso ners in the State prison at Jackson, have actually been engaged in the manufacture of bogus coin, and, by aid of accomplices outside the walls, have put the same in circulation. ASSESSABLE PROPERTY in Pennsylvania, for the year 1654, *531,731,000, of which ?150,y40,000 is in Philadelphia. The amount of lax is $1,619,9G7. The assessed value of property in Maryland is *243,537,000, including S95,479,000 in Baltimore city. The amount of levy is $365,305. CUBAN ANNEXATION.-The Philadelphia Sun an nounces the marriage of Carlos E. Morrell, of | Cuba, to a daughter of the venerable ex-Vice President Dalla*. CAPT. LUCK has been elected a member of the Philo-Franklin Literary Society of Alleghany Col lege, Pennsylvania, for his gallant conduct in con nection with the loss of the Arctic. HOUSES from which to dispense soup to the poor, were opened in Boston a few days ago. From the Kansas Herald. Another Abolutlon Movement. The abolutionists of the north, not satisfied with what the Emigration Aid Societies are doing in importing a set of voters, are en deavoring to introduce the notorious Fred. Douglas, to settle a colony of free negroes in Kansas. This last move if attempted to be carried into effect will be met with a strong and determined resistance by the great mass of | our settlers. It is enough to endure white abo lutionists, but the importation of black ones, would make the grievance intolerable. There is a point at which forbearance ceases to be a virtue, and if free negroes are to be colonized in Kansas-a population the most degraded it is time the press and the people were speak ing out against these abolution movements. .But for the honor of our country, we hone no such movement as the one referred to will ever be attempted. It would be an outrage npon the law abiding citizens of the Territory, and a disgrace to those engaged in the unholy pur pose of abolitionising this Territory. We came here the advocate of the Kansas bill, and the principles of self government, giv ing to the people of the tefritory the right to regulate their own domestic institutions, and taking from the halls of Congress a question which properly belongs to the people. We are satisfied to carry out this doctrine, and abide by the will of the maj6rity; but we want a fair and legitimate mode of procedure in bringing abont an expression ae to pablic men or mea sures. The efforts of certain men and societies now resorted to in importing voters lnt6 the Territory, for the sole purpose of swaying the popular will, is unfair and unjust, and begets a feeling of opposition that must result in a high state of excitement. We rejoice to see good citizens from every section coining to our country of their own free will and choice. They I are the persons to whom we mnst look for aid 1 and assistance in developing the resources of | I our country, and giving character to the Terri tory. We shall await further developments, and if we ascertain the pesant rumor is correct, which we a?e published in a Philadelphia paper, we shall urge our readers to take steps to prevent it. THIS 18 TO GIVE NOTICE, thai the ori gins! Virginia Military Land Warrant, No 6,966, tor 3334 acres, issued on the 22d Septem ber, 1841, In the name of Ann Bronaugh, one of f.fi? heirs of Lientenant Austin Sand ridge, for his service as Jleutenant in the continental line, has been accidentally tost; and application will be made to the General Land Office, for the issue of script on a duplicate of said warrant, in accordance with the 4th section of the rules and regulations af ssid office dated November 20th, 1852. THOMAS BRONAUGH, For himsell and the other heirs of Ann Bronaugh Nov 29-cw3m | fatal anb personal. Au Old Moldier Overboard.-On Wednesday evening rtiere waa a scene at the Alexandnu whurf which excited mush alarm among ihe vet erans, on tbe return from their interesting visit to Mount Veruon. The steamboat had touched to land passengers, when a soldier, named Jackson, over sixty years olage.iu attempting to step ashore, tell into the chilling water. Immediately, one of the number extended to him his stick, which he seized with his left hand, while he held on to his hat with the right! At this point, a gentleman, whose nuiue we did not learn, bent himself over the side of the boat, (person's holding him by the heels to prevent him from slipping into the river,) and reached his right hand to the struggler. Directly the latter saw it, he, with unusual presence of mind, clapped his hat on his head, and grasped the fist of his compatriot. In the course of a lew momen'.s, Jackson was drawn up to the deck, dripping wet, of course, and chattering with the cold. In vain he was urged to go to the stove ami warm himself. No: he said he never heard of a Virginian, which he is, beiug drowned under such circumstances, and related, graphically, how, on one occasion, he broke through the ice and es caped ? watery grave. However, he took two heavy slugs of liquid fire "to keep the cold from striking in." While the company rejoiced at his delivery from the peril, they were at the same time amused by his fund of humor. Some one said, " Old friend, you haven't had your dinner yet." " No," he responded, " but 1 Ve got a heavy duel." Loud laughter went up from the crowd; and everybody was glad that as he had escaped death in the battles of his country by fini, he was alike fortunate in being rescued from a grave in the tranquil waters of the Potomac. Mlsa Coutts.-There has been very much said in the newspapers about a real or imaginary per son of this name, who, it is claimed, follows Mario, the singer, wherever he goes. Although the report is, that she is deeply in love with him, he slights her tender passion. At the National theatre, on Monday uight, she occupied a side box, and, on Friday evening, at the Griti and Mario concert, in Baltimore, she was a prominent feature of the assemblage, her person dazzling with jewels, and her style of dress "voluptuous." We auspect that she is a fictitious character, and we aif not '< solitary and alone" in ihis opinion. The Judiciary BUI.-Mr. Butler, the chap man ol the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, said, in that body, on Wednesday, that he was not opposed, as has been generally supposed, to a reform in the judiciary of this District. He did not wish the people of this District to under stand that be was either an advocate or an oppo nent of any particular system. He should certainly endeavor to perform his duty on the Committee on the Judiciary, under the controlling influence ol the Constitution of the United States. Petitions for and against the passage of ihe bill, which passed the House, to reorganize the courts of the District ol Columbia, and to improve the laws thereof, continue to be presented to the Senate. The Fires and False Alarms.-Number of fires during each month of the year 1854, as re ported by the Columbia Active Association: Jan uary, 4; February, 5 ; March, 8; April, 5, May, 12; June, 6; July, 8; August, 5; September, 1; October, 3; November, 7; December, 5: to tal, 71. False alarms : January, 1 j March, 2 ; April, 1; May. 5; June, 3; July.G; September, 2; Novem ber, 4; December, 2 ; total, 20. Chimneys: January, 1; February, 1 ; March, li December, 4 ; total, 7. The Old Soldiers.-- Nearly all of them have left the city for their homes. Here and there a few of them are seen in our streets. They are at once recognized by their badges and cockades. We are gratified to learn that they were highly gratified with the marked attentions paid to them and the haudsome manner in which they were re ceived, during their late convention. President's Heccj>tlons.-The first public re ception lor the season will take place this even ing, between the hours of seven and ten o'clock As heretofore, there will probably be a large at tendance of ladies and gentlemen. Such reunions by gaslight have ever been popular, affording to citizens and strangers a fine opportunity "to see and to be seen." Criminal Court.-We learn that the trial of five or six boys and young men, accused of incen diarism, will take place to-morrow, in this court. Snow. On awaking yesterday morning, it was doubtless a surprise to many persons to see the ground covered with snow, but, before the shades of evening,it entirely disappeared. Patents. During the week ending January 9, forty-one patents were issued from the United Stales Patent Office. Supreme Court of the United States. THURSDAY, January 11, 1855. ii Good*'", Esq'rs, and Hon. John J. Taylor, of New York, were ad miited attorneys and counsellors of this court. No. 40. kdward M. West, plaintiff in error, vs. Joseph Cochran. I \1? ?,r?,unJent.in I*1!* cause was continued ?/ ni . !' e defendant in error, and by ' '?r plaintiff in error. Adjourned till to morrow at 11 o'clock. uarubd, tJI" morning the &h instant, at the First JAMfV raVYvriS STsrwErt P. HILL, u 1 of Montgomery county to Miss MATILDA k OAITIlVR, 7f Howard couftty, Maryland, daughter of the late OEBKNsraT Gaithxs, of this city. GlgVBmi GLOVR*, Down Bujou s and Alexander's Fine Kid mores, all sizes snd colors. Ribbons and Movers. ?f"'" F"n<"' Fk>-"' Fans for the Evening. 5Pearl Stick Fans, elegantly carved. II Fine Ivory *? ? ?t ,Sandal "Wood " finely perforated 100 In Bone, Satin Wood, and Papier Mache.&c. Combs, Perfumery, dr., dec. Another fresh supply of Lubin* Extracts Twelve Shell Tucit Oomba, latent Paris si vie Just opened at PARKER'S r.Tu " i? P*rrHnWy S,or.e:,,nder National J'n 'l~3t Hotel, Penn. avenue. MORltlNCi GOWH8.-A l|rn sad tine assortment, at all prices, for s5e bv ' ,Vc ,, A- STEPHENS. - P" ??-, next door to Iron Hall. F?" * '"If ??<? well-selected Stock of Wines, Liquors, and Groceries to aether with Store Fixtures, almost entirely new The owner, being desirous of changing his present ?lt""#To sit" S,OCk' res for sale. To any one wishing to embark in tbe Oro eery Business a rare opportunfty is now offered. fcmiffSHS ?f lh" ",0re' " we" " >he family trade of the same, are unexceptionable For further particulars address J. E. D., with real name, through the post office. . Jan. 11 3tif Thb. c^T?0,wc almahac for 1&&6, just published snd for sale at TAYLOR Je MAURY'S Selegtapiiic. ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC. 11ALTIJ40RB, Jailuury 11.-The Baltic arrived ul New York on the llth January, biding dates from Europe to the 30th December. The follow ing in a summary of her new*: Coition has declined oue-eighth; liuur and corn is unchanged; cousols closed at ninety-one and a quarter to five-eighths. Considerable activity in American securities, especially Virginia; money is unchanged. France. Louis Napoleon made a great speech in the legislative counsel, which was very warlike; he .poke of DO prospeyl of peace. 1 he couusel im mediately voted for the war alone live hundred million francs. A high diplomatic conltreuce is to be held at the .residence of the British Minister, at Viena, on the .2Hth. Ambassadors from England, France, Aus tria, Prflssia, Russia, and Prince Gortschakoffj are to lake part in the discussion. The confer ence is to be of a positive character. A Vienna dispatch of the twenty-sixth says, Gortschakoll presented the note received from St Petersburgb to Count Buol. It is believed to be unsatisfactory, but not final.' On the seventeenth ?f December, Omar Pasha left Shurula for Constantinople. His proposed fu ture movements are not known. The Turkish troops began to arrive from Varna on the 18th. A letter in the Sotdaten Freuudtoy*. The defense of Sabastopol is now to be conducted on a new plan. The costly materials are to be re moved from the bastions on the walls and carried back to the ships; twenty-two ships have been equiped ready for sea. The Fremohn Bratt says likewise, the defense of Sebastopol is to be con fined to forts. The Prussian mission to London, of which high expectations had been formed, it is surmised was merely the bearer of au autograph letter to the Queen. ? , , A flairs at Sebastopol were unchanged on the 20th of December. The Russians claimed to be doing considerable damage to the approaches of the Allies. Nevertheless, the French were on the third parallel with mounted cannon. The rein forcements for the Allies, on the lSth of Decern ber, amounted to eighteen thousand uien Prince Mensclnkoil'was sick. Ostetisacken is in command; five thousand Turks have landed at Eupatoria. The destina tion of Omar Pascha's army is profoundly secret. It is thought he would invest the north side of Sebastopol. Orders were received at Warsaw to complete the additional works of the citidel within ilie first fornight of January. General Paskei witch has ordered the immediate enrolment ol three parks oi flying artillery; the recruiting of the new levy to create a second grand array of re serve, is to be concentrated in and around Mos cow. Twenty thousand men are occupied in for tifying Kter. A Russian ukase is published, ordaining that whoever, after battle shall commit acts of cruelly on the wounded or unresisting, shall suffer death. The chief engineer, who conducted the defense of Sebastopol, is General Destrein, a frenchman. Eight English steamers are taking soundings at Etcliakoff. It is surmised that the Allies-wnl make an attack on Kimburu, preparatory to their attack on Perekop. The levy of ten men on every thousand has been ordered in the eastern half of the Russian Empire. It will be completed on March the fif teenth. The Very Latcit. CONSTANTINOPLE, Dec. 20.-It is confidently as serted that a resolution has been adopted to storm Sebastopol as soon as the Turkish reinforcements will come up. . . The French are said to storm whilst the British aud Turks will attack Menschikofl. It is reported that Omar Pasha has written to the Sultan mak ing condition, on his accepting command, that he shall have two votes in the counsel of war, in or der to prevent his being outvoted by Raglan and Canrobert. VIENNA, 28tb.-A dispatch from Warsaw an nounces that the Russian naval arnllsry taken out from the Baltic fleet is arrived by sea at Se bastopol, and it is to their presence that is due the recent precision of fire from Sebastopol, as well as the new found boldness of the fleet. An other dispatch from Vienna states, at a confer ence held there, that twenty-eight notes were exchanged between the representatives of the three allied powers, defining the sense in whieh the cabinets understood the four points proposed as conditions of peace. Prince Gortschakofl is understood to demand time, in order to obtain instructions from his gov ernment. The British Parliament has adjourned. Th? royal assent has been given to the foreign enlist ment bill. The measure contiouea to be unpopu lar. It is said that articles from the German Con federation expressly forbids to the German sub jects the entering into military service for foreign Slates. Colonel Colt denies, in a letter to the London Timet, that he has oflered a supply of pistols lo the Czar. ^ _ The frigate San Jancinto at Gibraltar, left De oember the 12th. Spain. Letter* from Madrid, states that Soule was present at a discussion which look place in the Chambers on the sale of Cuba. No report of the discussion is given. Italy. The foreign troops are withdrawn from Tuscany A quarrel has sprung up between the King of Na pies and the Jesuits, upon the question of the su periority of the Pope over the Kings of the earth. Later from Havana-Revolutionists Garroted. CoLl'MBiA, S. C., Jan. 11.-The New Orleans papers of Saturday last, have come to hand, and bring Havana dates to the 3d mat. A man named Estampes, alias Lacosto, has ac knowledged a purpose to place himself at the head of a revolution, on the eastern part of the island, and deuounced Hernandex as a traitor, who be trayed bun. It is reported that both he and Felix w?re garroted. The cholera was still raging on the island, and twenty-six hundred deaths are reported. Latsr from Rio. PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 11.-The ship Grey Eagle arrived this morning from Rio Janeiro, with dates to the 1st December, There was nothing new of a political character, and the markets were un changed. The ship Banshe was spoken on the 23d of November, in lat. 19, lone. 36, from Baltimore from Rio. On the 10th of December, in lat. 8, 20, long. 34, 30, the barque Freemont, from Pernam buc* for Philadelphia. , Storm at the East. New YORK, January 11-A heavy snowstorm oommenced here this morning, and seems to have set in for the day. PHILADELPHIA, January 11.-We have had a slight fall of snowthis morning, but it soonchanged to rain and sleet. Settlement of the Mail Difficulty. COLUMBIA, S. C . January 9.-The difficulty be iween the Poaimsster Geueral ami the South Carolina Railroad Company has been finally ad justed, the railroad company agreeing to perform double daily service. The new schedule is to go into effect on Monday next The Southern and Southwestern .States Convention at New Orleans. Ntw ORLEANS, Jan. 9.-The convention of dele gates from the Southern and Southwestern States assembled here to-day. There was only sixty delegates present. Mayor I^ewis was appointed temporary chair mas, and a committee wan appointed to nominate permanent officers. The convention th?n adjourned in order to join in the celebration of the 8th of January, which, in this city, is a day of festivity and rejoicing. SKCOND DAY, Jan. 9.-The Southern Convention reassembled at 11 o'clock, this morning, when General Larnar, of Texas, was chosen president. Ten States were represented, and one hundred and twenty delegates were present, including eighty three from Louisiana. A resolution was offered, calling on Congress for the improvement of Galveston bar and harbor, and the establishment of a marine hospital there. Committees on business and other matters hav ing been appointed, the Convention adjourned until to-morrow THIRD DAY, Jan. 10.-The committee appointed yesterday not being prepared to report, there was no business of importance transacted by the con venttOQ Hcllef for tike New York Operative*. Nxw Orlkaks, Jan. 9-The Howard Aaaociu liou of lliia city have voted $2,000 for ihe relief of the guttering poor of New Yorlr. JUeatli of m DUtludultlied Citizen. Nxw ORLEANS, Jan.40-Mr. Muae, Secretary of Slate, of Mississippi, died at Jackson, ou Tues day. Markets. NEW YORK, Jau. 11.- Flour is firm, with ?al?n of 5,000 barrel* good Ohio st $9(049 62$. Southern Hour is lower, with .tales of 2,000 bushels at $9(o>$9 024 Wheat is firm, with sales of Southern white at $2 224. Corn is a trifle lower, with sales of o,0U0 bush els mixed at $1 04. NEW -ORLEANS, Jan. 10.-Cotton is firm, with cales. to-day, of ft,000 bales middling, at Sugar lias declined A, with a fair demand at 3ft03*. Molasses-sales'of Orleans, at 15$. Coffee-sales of Kio, at 8(3)81 Charleston, Jan. 10.-Cotton is suffer, but prices are not quotably higher-sales to-day o( 1,000 bales, at 0*(g>8. IJotins. The beat Article ever used, as hundreds can testify inthiscity and surrounding country. Read ! OILMAN'S LIQUID HA1RDYE instantaneously changes the hair to a brilliant jet Black or glossy Brown, which is permanent-does not stain or in any way injure the skin. No article ever yet in vented which will compare with it. We would advise all who have gray hairs to buy it, for it never fails.- Boston Post. For sale by Z. D. GILMA.i, Chemist, Apr 2 Washington city xSr Stimulating Liniment, as prepared at GlLMAN'S Drug Store, is deserving of the high est commendation as a cure for Chronic and Acute Rheumatism. It seldom, if ever, fails to give speedy and permanent relief. This Liuimenl has been prepared by Z. D. Gilman, chemist of this city for many years, and since its introduction has been extensively used by many of the most re- | spectable families in the District and vicinity, to whom reference can be made ut any lime as to its magical effects in curing Rheumatism, even iu elderly persons, who had been sufferers for a long time. It was originally made for horses, for the cure of lameness, saddle galls, &c., and is now much used for such purposes, being an invaluable article wherever a Liniment is required either for man or beast May 23 ^Sr Special Notice.-HENRY'S INVIGOR ATING CORDIAL.-The merits of this purely vegetable extract for the removal and cure of phy sical prostration, genital debility, nervous affec tion, &c., dec., are fully described in another col umn ofthis paper, to which the reader is referred. $2 per bottle, 3 bottles for $5, six bottles for 8b. $16 per dozed. Observe the marks of the gen uine. Pr?|?red only by S. E. COHEN, No. 3 Franklin Row, Vine street, below Eighth, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. For sale by all the respectable druggists and merchants throughout the country, and by W. H. GILMAN, Washington, D. C. CANBY Ac HATCH, Baltimore. PEEL & STEVENS, Alexandria, Va. May 24 Wholesale Agents for Virginia. K7~ sick Headache Remedy.-A remedy io the sick headache, which has been recentlyoffered to the public, is attracting great attention, not only by reason of the very satisfactory testimonials to its efficacy which have been volunteered by many who have been benefited by it, but also because there are so great a number of people who are af flicted with the distressing complaint, for which no medicine has before been made public. Dr. Eastman, who discovered the efficacy of his "rem edy," is a physician in this city, in high standing, with a large practice. He is a physician in whom great confidence is placed; and we do not wonder that his remedy for a very common disease,which has been so longneeded.has attractedthe attention of all sufferers from headache who have heard of it. From our own knowledge of Dr. Eastman's char acterand practice, we have no doubt that the med icine deserves the favor it receives, and that it will prove to be a great benefit to all who may give it a trial.-Lynn News, December23, 1853. For sale in Washington by Z. D. GILMAN, and by all the druggists. Apr 2 A PINE APPLE, Brandy, and Cauada Cheese. Lavis Norton's brand Pine Apple Cheese, prime. Superior Brandy Cheese, 1 lb. jars. Do Canada do I and 1 lb. jars. also English Dairy, imitation Glosfer and Cheshire. Parmesan Cheese, 1 cake, in prime order. Do do grated in glass jars, 1 lb. each. For sale by SIIEKELL BROTHERS, Dec 13-3tif No. 40, op. Centre Market. RTCLES of Utility.-Christmas Pre acuta I-STEVENS, Browns' Hotel, has a fresh, large, and elegant assortment of Gents' Scarfs, Napoleon Ties, Handkerchiefs, Cravats, Gloves, Jcc , of the best quality and latent importa tions. Persons making presents will find our as sortment complete and of the best quality, and at the lowest prices. Sales Room, Browns' Hotel. HR1STMAS AND NEW YEAR.-New and elegant illustrated Books, Annuals, Juve nile Books, Standard Books for Libraries, 610., the largest assortment ever offered in this city, both English. A merican, and French, selected with great care, and will be sold al much lower prices than usual. R. FARNAAM, Dec 19 Corner 11th st. and Penn. av. LATER YEAR*, by the Author ol '?the the Old House by the River." Mr. Rutherford's Children, second volume. Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M. General Notions of Chemistry, translated from the French, by Edmund C. Evans. M. D. The Land of Ihe Saracens, by Bayard Taylor. Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or Lsst Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville Horwitx. Discovery of the Source* of the Mississippi River, by Henry R. Schoolcraft. Dana's Minrealogv, 4th edition. The above are selected from a large arrival of new books at TAYLOR 4t MAURY'S Dec 9 Bookstore, near 9th st. TRAVELING and Packing Trunks of all qualities.-A large variety constantly on hand, and for sale cheap by WALL 6C STEVENS, 322, Peno. avenue, next door to Iron Hall. Jan 5 (News.) MRS. E. E. ALEXANDER can accom modate a few Gentlemen with Board; or a Lady and Gentleman, on I street, between ftth and 7th, No. 302. The House is situated a short distance from the Patent Office and other Depart ments. Nov 10-tf L. BERTOLOZZI, FROM FLORENCE, HALT, PROFKMOR OP VOCAL MUSIC, French and Italian 1 ALSO, Translator of Foreign Languaget. . Terms Moderate. 36ft I street, between 13th and 14th streets, Franklin Place. Dec 17 C1 HI COR A and other Region* of the / Conquerors and the Conqnered, by Mrs. Mary H. Eastman. Old Redstone; or. Historical Sketches of West ern Presbylerianism, its early ministers, its peril ous times, and its first records, by Joseph Smith, D. D. Just received and for sale by Oct 2! H. FARNHAM. WEBSTER and hla Master Pieces, by Rev. B. F. TefH, author of Hungary and Kossuth. Poems of the Orient, by Bayard Taylor. Swell Life at Sea, or tun, Frigates, and Yatch ing, a collection of National Yarna, from the Log Book of a Younsterof the Mess. High Life in New York, by Jonathan Slick, esq., of Weathersfield. Connecticut. Leaves from the Tree Igdrasyl, by Martha Rus sell. Just received and for sale "by Nov 8 R. FARNHAM. IjlURNIRHED ROOMS FOR RENT.-A Parlor and one or two Chambers, on the first floor; and on the second floor two Chamber*. May be had separately, or the whole together. Please inquire of Mrs. John P. Van Nest, on Missouri avenue, lietween 44 and 6th afreets Dec 14-5t* FOR RENT-TWO large time tarnished Rooms-Chamber and P?rlo7_ti the corner of New York avsi\qs ~,nth itwl) No 3?7 JNqy * ? Tht Ureal Marble Statue UK THE DYING gladiator. OH exhibition at MnrrUwt* Building, 4 J H>rrt, near Ptnasylaviu avenue, daily, pom J u etuek, A. A/., HHttl 10, P. M. Admittance 2* cents. J. 8. HOLLINGSHEAD, Agent. Jan 10 PROF. SCHONENBERG, TEACHER AMU TRANSLATOR OF MODERN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURE, will commence EVENING CLASSES, in those Lan guages, on Monday, 30ih of October, 1*54, at his residence, 267 Pennsylvania Avenue. Oct 2.? MME. SCHONENBERG, ? TEACHER OF PIANO AND SINGING, 257 PENNSYLVANIA Avkkuk. Oct 2y PLAYING CARDS.-W.C.ZANTZINGER haa juel received a very large assortment ol the best American, English, and French llaying Cards of every description, and at the most rea w..ble r**..who,?Tat'^nehs' HALL, . Adjoining Kirkwood House. Dec 7-3taw2wif _____ TO Members of Coutrew, Strangers So journing in the City,and the Public generally. Permit me to call your attention to my large and su perior stock of Cloths, Cassimeres, and Yeatings, which will be made up to order at the shortest no tice, and in such style as cannot fail to please. Having supplied my establishment with the very best workmen, I will warrant that all garment* manufactured by me shall be equal to those made in any olber e?iabli?linQcnl in the United State#. WM. H. STANFORD, Merchant Tailor, Penn. av., three doors west of 3d at., No. 488. Also, Agent for the regular French Fashiop*, received regularly, two suits a month. W.H.S. Dec 3 2aw3wif ADEIRA NUTS, latent growth ; I caak just received by SHEKELL BROTHERS, No. 40, opposite Centre Market Jan 6-3lif XTRA Heavy-plated Tea Sets, Albata Forks, Spoons, &c.- M. W\ Gait 6c Bro. have just received a beautiiul assortment of Extra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles Castors, C^ke Baskets, Card Trays, &c. Abo, superior Albata Forks and Spoons. The above are of the very best quality, and unj usually low. M. W. GALT 6c BRO. Penn. avenue, between 0th and 10th sts. Dec. 13-3t UNDERSHIRTS and Drawers of all sixes and qualities, suitable lor winter weather, for sole at very cheap rates by WALL & STEPHENS, ? Dec 13 Pa av., next door to Iron Hall. FINE SUIT OF CLOTHES. Gentle inon wishing to provide themselves with a fashionable suit of Clothes, at moderate pricps, will find every variety of style andquaihty at the establishment of WALL 6c STEVENS, # 322, Pennsylvania avenue, next door to Iron Hall. Jan 5 (News.) PER Schooner Mist, ironi New York 2 bushoU Split Peas 10 boxes Hominy and Wheaton Grits I 5 do Farina 5 do Corn Starch 4 do French Chocolate 10 do Castile Soap. WM. LINTON, Dec 12-M&Ttf Corner 1th and D streets WANTED...A Situation aa Teacher of English, Mathematics, and Latin; also, the rudiments of Greek, if desired. All of which will be taught in the most approved manner. The applicant is an experienced teacher, of kgood address, and will furnish the best references, both in regard to character and ability. None but a liberal salary need he offered. For particulars, address SETH FR1NK, Dec 6-tf Pittbtield, Massachusetts. ' I 81 TI N f! CARDS Printed at Short I everyi Y Notice, and Plates beautifully engraved style W C. ZANTZINGER, Adjoining Kirkwood House Dec 7--3u\\ 1\ if JUST received, per achooner Mist 150 wholes, halves, and quarter boxes Raisin* * cases Prunes, in jars and boxes 2 bales Almonds . 4 cases Preserved Chow-Chow 4 do do Canton Ginger 10 dozen assorted Jellies 10 do do Preserves 50 boxes Fig Paste 2 casks Currants 2 cases Sardines 10 bbls Cranberries 50 baskets Bordeaux and Marseilles Oil For sale by WM. LINTON, Corner 7th and D streets. Dec 13-lweodif FOR OVERCOATS and Clothing of every description, gentlemen should not fail to visit the extensive establishment of the sub scribers, where they will find a very large and com plete assortment of every style and quality of Fashionable Garments, manufactured in the neat est and most desirable manner, which we are sell ing at the lowest prices on the most accoinmoda ing terms.' WALL 6c STEPHENS, 322 Penn. avenue, next door to Iron Hall Dec. 23-3t A CARD.-Our patrona and tho public In general are most respectfully informed that we have this day, the 11th instant, opened, with a large additional stock, our New.Music Depot at the corner of Pennsylvania avenue, Eleventh, and D streets, where Music and Musical Merchandise of every description can be found on the most reasonable terms. . A call is respectfully solicited. Dec 12-eo3t HILBUS & HITZ. ADVERTISEMENT. The Wood-Gai Controversy. A RATHER abarp but distant firing la carried on by some persons interested in Wood-Gas Patents i and we perceive that tha smoke of their cannon has somewhat obscured their vision. Dr. C. G. Page, as the attorney for W. P. McConnell, having presented hia claims through our columns, L. R. Breisach, of thia city, haa presented those of Pettenkofer 6c Ruland, oi Bavaria-be being iheir assignee-through the columns of the Daily Timet of the 3d instant. He states that the first patent for the Bavarian inven tion was iasued on Febiuary 24, 1851, an authen ticated copy of which lias been filed in our Patent Office ; also, that the claims of his assignors were filed in the office, to protect their rights, more than a year afo. Aa no patent can be obtained for making or using Wood-Gas, the disputed point relates to the apparatus, which embraces the reheating of the gas-passing it over a red-hoi surface in its way to the cooler-after it is geae rated; thia is clearly stated in Dr. Page's letter, on page 50. Now, as McConnell claims to have iuvented the apparatus for reheating Wood-Gas, as far beck as 1S49-two years previous to the granting of the Bavarian patent-and aa he ob tained a patent for the same, on the 20th day ot September last, although contested by Pettenko fer 6c Ruland, we cannot well conceive who L. RJ Breisach wants to frighten, by declaring, through the columns of the Time*, that he will prosecute the violators of the Bavarian invention. He gives this notice to all who take an interest in the intro duction of this invention, but, in doing so, he for got to present any fact upon which the public cam rely, to show what patent rights he possesses. When he again writes to inform the public that he has certain patent rights, and will prosecute those who infringe them, we hope h< will be so good aa to state what these rights are, so that the public may know what he means.-Scientific American. Nov 16-tf Shi REWARD.-Lost, from the baggage I v* car, on Saturday, the 19th instant, on the route between Philadelphia and Washington, a Gentleman'a Overcoat, which was wrapped in . cloth bearing the name of residence and strapped on the top of a trrunk; also, a new Leather Strap and Buckle from another trunk belonging to the aame person. The advertiser consider this aa occasion to represent to the owners and mans* Iers of the railroad on this n>v,ie that, tor the com ?rt of passengers and %rMr?/y of baggage, an in creased responaihil'.'y should be required of their agents. Any Cc-aan,onjCaiion addressed to the office ot N":*nol hue/ltgeneer will be received, sad on f* , turning the srt.cle lost, the above ' paid.