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PrBLTSHED EVERT TUfasiiAY 8T FlfNAS, :LV ANNA & . FISHER, Scat! Story Strickler'a Block, Haia Street, cnowrni.LE. JT. T. TERMS!: f- uneye&r.lf paid in advance, - - - - $2 00 ". " if paid at tLe endof 6 monthi -2 50 ' " " -' !' " 12 " 3 00 . ub of 12 or more win le Tarnished at $1 60 j-Cr '.m, provided thecal accompanies tbe order not t&erwite. ' - :6 I Li I- u r i Li Ay V.':'1 )f -''! if t I . . - 1 l s m ii,.. . J'L I i Ay. Ay,.AA fcy Ay - Ay V THE APVERTI21 "LIBERTY AITD UNION, ONE AND INSUPERABLE, NOW AND FOREVER." VOL. VI. Hates of Advcrtbi: One jnre (ten lices or Ieajjcr.8 1 'ico ai liti )ual insertion . One square, one montc . . Bnsme- Card, nx Use, c. !,f c-9 One Culncu one year - . . One Laif eiinrcm,r e yar ... Oje fonrth column oc year . . Oae eighth coiuina one yr One column six tn.-.iith - . One balf coibiua ix moot!; . , . One ei2htii of tcuincadt taonti Ouecn.uca three z&n;& - . One half column tbree m.jrulu . . One f.iurth column thre m c:S One eulita clDmn tareo ni jn'f Annouur.inj CanUidatti for cGce (pssivr: advance) BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, j THUESDAY , FEB , 5, 18G2.; , KG'; EASINESS CARDS. yzAiigiistus -JScliochlieit-TTORNEY at law, . A I . SOLICITORS iN CHANCERY, . Cornor Tirst aud Main Streets, royittvilfc, - - - SchrasKa ."DR.VL G WIN, H.virj jrinanontlv hicoucl in ;;kvXVJLLE, KEBJIASKA, i' J' jl ?. f .!.licin.-- nl Surscrr. ton- fu the afJIci-ed.' - A. X. 110 L LAD AY, M D. lnetfnllTiEr.Tm run frlenls in Brwnville ar-i hate vicinity I hat he Ua resumed the practue f :tficlnc, Si:rery, & 01stelrlrs, :! i;e,t'stru-tatte?itii) to hiayrofeion, i. receive i !c:ier.ii!s paLruurtae iiereujfore oxteudud to Urn. In wlorplt i posbili'eor expedient, a precriftiou iHffni ite none. i:-nce ai City L)r Store. Jeb. 24, '69. 15. ly AGAINST TUR THE FIRES OF FALL By Trims, A.. 'd. I . Insurance, ' IH THE fSX ISIiEl CO. . , OF HARTFORD, The Fruits of, ike Phanix Are manifct in the fofiowin teiuent of Fact nud r-un.s,f-!iwi!w the i-.tnoant i-jiiaMzcd to public J:vfit,lu the .hap. ;!' p.iii uiil wwtal Si.aih, Uur.nft te puitfur j-car3 ;a uaWtaatialrer crJ cf n- Ti en Tried Cosporatian. . ' . JAMES S.. JiEDFOHD "ATTORNEY AT L A W , r r, : AND uastcr rcmmlsMoner In Chancery. lsokviile, jr. T. - T. M. TALIJOTT, DENTAL. SURGEON", t-iu looted l.iLsclf in Lvnvi nville, X. T., teu " t proteional serk'iceo to tLe t'oaimuci tj. ,qhi warranted. ; ' I )cks raclics & Jewelry. " J. SCHUTZ - Wonid mnonuceto thecitiiena of Brjwnvs He ( jand vlriniiy that fce ha? located tiinelf in I j.kBrcfvmville, aticiintends keeping a ful 1 assort. . : -j tverylhiiigin his lineof hut-Tuess, which will . t.wfrcah. lie will also do all kind of re- ' ' t cJock8, watohebandjewelry. Ail work war ' '. ' - - - v3nlSlT upward w. thomas, ATTORHEY AT LAW. ' ' ' AND S ii.e i to r in Chancery. , . f!fflc e;rner of Jfalii and First Streets. - ""nn 4 SKA. . no WN VI LL fci, w THOMAS DAVIS, dECTIC PHYSICIAN S TJ iVGE O jLSJ" s . ROCK, NEBRASKA Kerercncc, Dr. D. Gwin, Drown ville jjt I II, 'CI. n40-ly LEWIS WALDTER, "'USE. SIGX AND 0ILA5IEMAL inter; n.PAPHl II ANGER. ,"77. 3j...'. 0,111).,.. -7,fti;2 i)4 LNL'AN'A.. Cj.174 in, ..ILLINOIS.. ".70 0 -..-MltJAICAX.. ?',;:2i) 13 WI.-CONSIX 19,.'..':i 34 : IOWA .8.G(U 10 -MINNLSOTA. 9.7C5 CO KANSAS-. . 3 1.0 31'. 26 KKM Ui ;.V - 43.05 i i0 TKNXi:ss TE iiv.S:t2 55 llississiri'i. 27,ClH tS3 .MISSOURI 2-'.S.;9 4.: ARXA NSAS . U.SiJI r.s TEXAS--. . 555 5f -ALAliAMA-. In-ur;tnccd solioiic-J.nad jj!icie8 issued and renew ed in this IcaJiiig Cor;ir.ilifu, at fair rates by E. W. THOMAS ' ' lie.'idept Agent. DrownviHe, Sept. 5, ISO'., ; : ; '40.'77 -J 2722 Ct C0.174 5i S2.670 03 34,220 13 8.P53 10 fl.763 CO --31,054 Ci '43,05 4 I'll 10.832 55 - -27.fi 'j3 R 22,S3i 43 -.3.D3L- H ilf.lfU:u"vl.Kii,D "C4 i . r T " - 'i?A l"- l. -A ii nd intrnuifiita.1 Ly the bt.-t Ameru.an f i Firo'.i-nn mmixcri. a;'Vf-n" rfuiurly every 't !i the HOUSKROLD JUl'KXAL. Trice Four jCciK A r.rw M:g by Stephen Giovcr, appears in If,l,Vl 2. -..',- nTTIRfl'TlTUSH - AXD t 3?c3.'- Store JJHO Wry VILLE, NEBRASKA. ROGERS & BROTHER. AsMil 1st KS to tiie public that he lias pnrcbsse.1 the Liveiy SiaMe and S:. ck f innerly ored by ViliUm Koseil and adu'ed thereto (i;ie stock, and is ik'w jirear tsl to accuinmixiate the jiuhiic with " Cirriages, : 4 . ; ; Buggies, ' : " " . Sulkies, Saddles Horses : &c. &c. THE TRAVELLIiiG PUBLIC .Cin- fed at lis Ft able ample iccoKmbJttions tor torses, mules or cattlv;. BENVAMIN & JGSnCA ROGZRS. Erownville, Oct. 13, 1&60. nl5-yly ; J0HU"L CAE30II ' (Successor to Luihbstigh & Carson, rr. ra 02. ' LAND AND TAX PAYING Dealer in Com, Lncurrent ... Jlloney, Land Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust MATN STRKKT. j f i SE31I-ANNUAL STATE31ENT, Ko. 102- CAPITOL andSURPLUS $932,302.98. Il'lny 3Lst- 1CG1. Cash and cash items - , . Loans weil secured ' - -Beal Kstate - , -2026 shares Hartford BankStoeks 2225 New Tork " " -1010 " Boston " ' 07 other " ' - United State and State ' " Hartfd & X Haven R.B.. bonds " Hartford City Bonds Conn. Hirer Co. Ac R.K. Co. Stock Total Assets - Total liabilities - ' - $79,6SS 78 60,253 20 - 15,000 00 274,559 00 - 193,350 00 100 760 00 - 63,085 00 73.367 00 - , 39,700 00 36.750 00 4,600 00 $932,302 98 73,244 27 For details of investment, see email Cards and Cir culars. ... ! . . . Insurances may be effected in this old and substantial Company oil very favorable terms. Apply to JOHN L. CARSON, Agt BROWNVILLE, N T. 3" Dwellings and Farm Property Insured lor a term of years at very low rates 2 lyno4 1 Ney? Shoe Shop. VROUWTILLE, A'EBRJSKJ, ' P.c pectfnT ijif 'rin tbe citirens of this place and v:iity th.il "be has c ..tiiiiienjed the manufactory of B..M and slme in Brownvilie. and hopes by attention an1crefc merit a Miar of pnMic patronice. His I'ick im.il of tl.p hart quality, ant bin work all war rantrj t.. '-Kive wiiinfacti..n or n pay." Ail h:yic'.,f jrk, from a No. I, Hue calf skin boot, to u ar 1."..cju, and at prices so low that uona cua c-nrlain. . f.ive men call at my enop. on First street, between i!a:ti arid Water. B'..-nviiie. May , 1861 ly -iwt tn'.rt fc'!?ntTon to:tiyir(f and sfllinc ex t -'"ifialcui i i f ttiO I'r.ited States and n'itrSi . (i . C", " """''.! e tiuia'.i, Gr.!d iJUit, C-.10 t;- ' ' 11 and procet'daici.sHtfllueivli!.: at current iaie.. Deposit received on cnrrcnV axvuiit, a:id lntqret al lowed on special deposit. OFFICE, MAI' STREET. BETXTEE1V THE Tcleffrapli and tlc IT. S. Eantl Ollices. REFEREX-CES: I.ind & Brother rhiladelphia, Pa. I. T. Carson & Co., " lliser. Dirt & Co. Baltimore, Aid. Voune & Carson, Jeo. Tlionip-'U ilason, Col'r of Port, wm. T. Siuiih-i-n, Esq.-. Hanker, Wabhin?ton, D. C. J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Law, " " Jno. S. Galhiher, Late 3d AuJ. V. Z. l .1. WILSON BOLLINGER, n m rr " "TT TTf. "Tm AND Counsellor at Law Cmc-ral and Collcctlasr Aprrnl. Bi:vnarE, (.m.e co.-, .nebuaska. tt'H,!, practice in the?eve al Court in Cage and ir.in- oounties, .and will give prompt attention tor.buines! cntrosted to him. Collection? prompt -H nsole. articular attention jriyen to locat- .n l.und Warrants on lands carefully' selected by Septemln-r 25. '61. nl2-yly ; H. A TERRY,. Wholesale and Rdail Dealer in Garden, Field and Flower Seeds, ALSO GRAPE VINES, GOOSEBERRIES, Carrants, Raspberries, Blackberries, . Rott-t, and Ornamentci iKrulbcry Gencrauy. CRESCKNT CITY IOWA , . EliTDERY, 'COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA. ' WILLIAM F. KITEH." May n, lNio. . . FAIRBANKS' ETAEDAUD SCALES 3 Or ALL K1KM. FAIRBANKS GHEE!! LEAF, LArvC ST.. CSIICACiO, And correr of Main & Walnut fcjts, St. Louis. KfOiJUY ONLY THE GI5UISE. Tarlor !Crie;;h, Bankers, McClelland, I'ye fc. co. Hon. Thomas O. Pritt, Hon. Ja. ). Ca'rBnii. i. B. bmali, Esq., Pres't S. Back, Col. ieo. Schlf y, A'y at Law, Col. tsatn. llamliloton Att'y at Law, Jude Th;s. Perry, i'rof. II. Tutwiier, Chicago, III. St. Louis, Mo. Annapolis, iid. MeicersburuPa Hacc-rtown, Md. " . Eaotcn, Md. Cumberland, Md Havana. Alabma. Xov S, lS60-tf . 2Monoyjr.clvartcocl on PIKES' PEAK GOLD! I will receive Pike's Peak Gold, and advance money npon the ame, aud pay over ba'.ance of proceeds as soon as Mint returns are h:td. In all cases, 1 wi exhibit the printed returns of the United States, Vin it Astay ottice. . JNO. L.CARSON, BULLION AND EXCHANGE BB0KEK taOWS VILLE, NEBRASKA. . n)204 1 1 W ii L' ! n REAL EST ATI ' AND Collection fficc O F '"ji Johns & Crosley, SOLE IIAXCFACTUF.EBS OF THE IMPS0TKD (i VTA I'ERCTIA CEMENT ROOFING. Is the Cheapest and most durable Roofing in use. IT IS FIRE wf-VD WATER PROOF It can be applied to ner and old roofs of all kinds, and to shingle roofs without removing the shingles, i , Tlie cost is only one-third of Tin, '. Gulta 3?cjfc3xa Cement . For preserving and repairing tin and other nifetal ro ofs of everp -description, Iroxi its great elasticity is sotln juri by the contraction and expansion ot metals, and Will not crack in cold or Run in warm ' t " v:mlhcr TTiese materials have been thoroughly tested In ICew York and all parts of the Southern and Western states, and we can give abundant proof of all we claim in their favor. They are readily applied by ordinary laborers, at trifl ing expense. "NO HEAT IS .REQUIRED." These materials are put tip ready for use and for Shipping to all parts of the Couutry, with full printed directions for application. - FmII descriptive circulars will ba fur nished on application by mail, or in jper Son, ct ovr principal office, .. ' CIO, TItO ADTVAT, v .1-,..- !' f.) ' NKW TOM, (Opposite i. - - Or r.POSI FV - The 3IIiIcrs Not Alirajs at Fanlt. . A correspondent, who is a miller by tradesends to the American Agricultu ralist a somewhat lengthy -communication, from which we condense the follow ing; suggestions-: The mechanical skill of the miller is often called in question by housewives, when the bread does not look inriiing, and his honesty in the matter of taking toll is also sometimes doubted by th& fanmer,"when he is no't at fault, Whettwhea which has been poor ly screened, from the chess, "cockle," and other foul stuff, is taken to be ground ; then, if the miller grinds it just as re ceived, without re-screening, a poor arti cle of flour is turned out. If," however, from a desire to maintain his reputation for making good flour, he takes pains to remove the foul stuff, then the flour from the grist falls short in weight,' and he is suspected of cheating in the toll. Much grain is injured - by being sprouted, and in some sections it is threshed on the ground, and thus mixed with gravelj or dirt, which must injure the -quality -of - the flour. If good grain, properly screened, be taken to mill, our correspondent thinks less fault will be found with the miller, and this is undoubtedly true. Another difficulty stated to be in the way of the miller, i3 the practice of hav ing corn ground together with the cob; particularly where all the run of stones are driven by a single water wheel. Tbe corn, being heavier, will nearly all pass between the stones first, and when the cobs, which are more easily ground, bejrin to run, the mill starts off in double quick time, lo remedy tnis, the miller gives a little more feed to the! .stone; and un less .constantly watched, which-is often impracticable, the stone is crowded, and the mill runf slowly again; thus an un steady motion is given, and good flour can: not' be made on the 'other stones which are affected by this : continued. change. One remedy for this latter dif ficulty would be, to grind. such feed only on "certain days, and then have no other grain 'passing : through the '"stones a't the same time. if. : Profits of CaMeana Slieep Feeding ." , ; - . - ' Greenfield (jfass.) Farmer's Club. 1 t The Greenfield Fanner's Club met on Tuesday evening Dec. 31st, to ex change opinions a3 !to comparative profit in feeding different animals. ' . It- was admitted all around that owing. ; to , the ,; great . facilities! for bringing cattle from tho.far west at a low price, and in great quantities, at all times of the year, cattle which had roamed on the prairie3, costing gov ernment price, ?1,25 per 'ue're arid fattened upon corn : worth ttV cents per bushel or distillery slops" made at the same rate we here could riot compete on' pastures worth 30 per acre, and corn worth 75 cents- The general-impression was that sheep feeding was the most profitable, though 60ine farmers, with good. feed and great skill in . buying and feeding, made cattle feeding to a limited extent a paying business. ' : " In the conversation there was, as there must always - be, an uncertainty in thee statements' made, for want of conveniences; in weighing and meas uring. But one farmer knew any thing by. weight of the amount of hay fed out, and in that instance he bought four tons and moved it, which. all ad mitted caused a rIoss of 10 to 12 per cent. ' ; ' ' ' But one"! farmer present had feed sheep much, and his 'experience was several years since. :IIe thought he got 1 per bushel for hTs corn,; while feeding cattle he got but 50 cents. He fed one lot of Merinos averaging about 100 lbs., which more than dou bled in value. In mid winter he found that 100 sheep ate a ton of hay and seven bushels of grain, (corn and pats,) weekly. 'He considered slieep manure to be worth twice as much as that from Furniture : ! .Manufactory. n M.nn. B'fnr L ? ' ' -IaiiicIar atis'iitit:; ' I'arrliast4 anrl ' - " t lections iaymci:t ot" Taxes for .1is--efct-. - . ti c ii 1 n LAND Ar.ANTS FOK SALE, 'or ab nnd n LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forF.a$temCap- it.lists,on lands elected fmm personnl examination, snd aci.nii'icte Township Map. showing Streams, Timber, Ac, forwarded wuu tu wrani. w tion. -- . llrownville.X.T. Jan.3.1Sfil. - yl The Undersigned having opened a shop at the BROWN VILLE STEAM MILL, Ire prepared to put np all kinds of EAMIET W OKI; To ordcrl at short notics. We will mannfwture BUREAUS SAFES DESKS ' TABLES STANDS ; LOUNGES CRIB CRADLES 7 1 ROCKING OFFICE . CHAIRS CHAIRS - WINDOW LOUNGES CHAIRS - ' Sec' Sec. ared to furnish Coffins witti the rxt . A tt have on hand "well seasoned Black Walnut lumber for that purpose. We have the facili ties of tnakinc furniture as cheap as it can he furnished in this country, when durability is taxen iuw me cuunt. as we warrant all of onr work. . Te loiiclt. the patronaee of the community.. W will take m exch,fiRe for furniture all kinds o. r.m v.tidnce Tie J iiheK p'-tcei- for butter egf . i d ::.-i will be pai'' h er.tt e hot sean CHAMBERS &. KOTKS BUOWNVILI.E "'riUc-s I'caR, or lust." .NEW A. C O X S T A II C O X S T A it L E , rouTrx axd DEALER iw IRON, STEEL NAILS, .CASTIXdS, SPRINGS, AXLESFILES - i:;r:xiij O w a , ' B I A 0 K S M1T IT S T O 0 L S Also;. Hubs Spoke's; nnJ Bent" SlulT. Third Street, between Felix and Edniond, SAINT JOSEPH, "MO. Vblrti be sells at St. Jxnls prief for cash. H:gtst Price Taid for crap Iroa. rt:cpie! 1, tbio. ly. in rears cf Scrcitj and Abundance The uncertainty of the weather and of the crops is an old subject, but it is one about which no agriculturist can feel indifferent. Changeable as the seasons are, there is yet reason to believe that, amid much apparent uncertainty, law and order do still prevail.' At least, this much may be held, that in the long run, sunshine will succeed storm, and abund ance follow scarcity. There may be a year or two of poor crops, but these will soon be balanced' by as many of good crops. We cannot tell how large a period the cycle may embrace, but we. may be confident that a cycle there will be. ' The French are more given to pbserv ing and theorizing on these subjects, than w busy Yankees are. Some time ago, ! I. Becqu-rtl r:va raper; before the r- 1rnv cf Sciances. iuTiri?;- on. the future cf Tvhcit ia France, in which he presented soma statistics worth looking at. . His facts show that "there is a pe riodicity m the recurrence of good and bad harvests : that five and six years or abundance and five or six of scarcity follow each other pretty regularly." He quotes from Count Hugo the following table, extending 66 years: From tbe year 1816 to 1821 was a period of scarcity. to . " ' aDunaance 1823 to 1832. .. scarcity. 1833 to 1837- " abundance 1838 to 1842 was mixed period. 1843 to IS47 was a period of scarcity, .1848 to 1852 t " ' abundance Now, let these facts be taken for what they are woith. . They, do seem , to indi cate a certain order and regularity amid apparent disorder.'1 Perhaps, if we should make careful observations, we should find a similar law prevailing here. The evele mav extend three years, or five, or some other period, but undoubtedly there is some regular balancing of the seasons. Ah ingenious Scotch writer thinks he has. found a natural cause to explain this law., He refers to Schwabe, a German astronomer, who avers that the spots on the sun maintain a certain periodicity of ! about five and six years; then to Gautier, a Swi-s s-van, who affirms that this t pt nod icdy tallies with that of the grain ciopd." Aud he reasons that, as the light aud heat of the sun are essential to tne successful growth of vegetation, it is not unscientific to suppose that the diminution of them should' augment the crops, and their increase diminish them. : 1 We are not prepared as yet, to give much weish; to thu theory; but it will do no harm if farmers remember it as a matter for observation. , r catuo. u . .1 . DItY GOODS HOUSE. XJo. 11, 3VI.xx otrootf BROWITVILLE, 1L.-T. 3. BISM-ELY & Co Havo Just completed their new ousines house on Main streot .,orthi it. 9. -Land Office, in Brownville where ttey have opened out and areoffering on the most favorable terms. Dry Goods, Proosioiis, Of 1 Kind. FLOUR, CONFECTIONARIES, GUm AXD tJItIKO FRUITS, Choice Liquors, Ciders, And a "thousand and oue," other things eTerybody needs. CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK troWnrijle, April 23, ly TKORrJ, ' COLEMAN, CO., nnounce to the trave'inc public tkat their splendid commodious fiteamiTerry running across from' Brcwnville, Nebraska. Is one of the best in erry respect on the Upper Mis souri river. The Boat nies regular trips every hour sothat no timewillbe lortin waiting. The banks on both siuessi ttie nver are tow ana weii jrradel which renders anloding unneceesary as is the . .t vlior fArriA. tCJl IUWlv.v. No fears need beentertainet astodifflculUesatornear thie t:rosKing, as everybody Inthis repion, on ltu sides of the river, is for the I'niou tke strongest kind. Cur charges too an Item the hard times areloweT than t anv other crossing. : : Travelers from Kansas to lowaand to tbe east will find this the nearest and best route if every respect. THORN, COLEMAN. & CO, Brownville, U ebraska, Sept. 21, 1S61. Furniture! Furniture ! ! The most complete stock of Fnrnittre ever offered in this upper country Just received by .! X. I1ILU. Urownvtlle, April EJtt, 1561, A New Use of' CRixoLiirE. The fruit trees in my orchard house have been much blighted thi3 y ear ; the tops of the young snoow-cun up. x have, I think, destroyed the fly now. Not being able to smoke tne nouse .m the ordinary manner, .nave usea a ladv's crinoline. 1. bought a cneap . . 'i . - ii-j one, covered witn giazea calico, puuea it up round a pole, making it as close as possible. It is just the size to cov er one of Mr. River's miniature trees. I use a fumiga'ter, and leave on the crinoline till the next morning, then svrince the trees. The -fly has no chance asainst the tobacco in so small a snace : and the tree does not appear the worse.' Opr. London Pa Keep straw from the bodies of trees One of iicst sagacious farmers and best feeders said he had often' made 50 advance on a pair of steers fed from Feb.. to May or June -1st. A calculation being made of 'tho feed, however, would only give him at that 8 per ton for his- hay, and 70. cents per bushel for corn, while it was said that sheep well bought and said would in one hundred days of careful feed ing pay 310 per ton for hay and 85 cents per bushel for corn, leaving half a dollar a head over for a margin of profit, besides making better manure. Several instances of great gain and large returns from feeding cattle were mentioned of 700 pounds and 000 pounds in the winter, 'and of 100 to 150 advance on "one -winter's feeding but these seemed to be -exceptional cases. . One farmer had a pair of six year old cattle gain in two year's feed ing 1,300 pounds in growth and fat. Several thought they got good pay by raising a few steers and fattening them at three years old. - The Secretary observed that it was shown by chemical analysis that the manure from sheep' was much more valuable than, that of cattle, 36 pound j of sheep dung being equal , to 100 pounds of that from cattle. He no ticed that not much had been said of the value of manure made from high feed, as compared with that of com mon dry food. The careful analysis of Professer Liiwes of England, the best agricultural chemist in tho king dom, showed that the manure mae from a ton of cotton za meal, was worth as rr.ucri as that made from 4 3-oth tons of meadow hay ; linseed meal next, then wheat-Indian corn and turnips last. Some exceedingly interesting experiments ot lion. John Brooks of Princeton, made, in ,1852, showed that cows fed w.ith hay alone made 2 lbs. and 44-100 of solid ma nure to each pound of hay eaten, drinking from two to three time3 as much weight of water as they ate of hav. Farmers do not: sufficiently appreciate the money value 'of .the liquid manure. A: cow . voius annu ally about 1G,300 pounds .of urine, which contains about. U01 pounds ot solid matter,, worth just a3 much as the best Peruvian guano, which at G0 per ton makes the annual value of the urine of a cow 28,83, "which might all be save,d and would be a large per centaie of her worth. JAMES S. GRENELL, r ! - Secretary, , , Pranln DTrarf Pears. There is a proper method. of prun ing and training Dwarf Pears aa well as any other fruit, trees, and unless thi3 i.j somewhat-understood, it is sel dom that a satisfactory result can be arrived at. It should commence from the one year old or maiden tree, which should bo cut" down to within twelve or fifteen inches of the union. Now we watch the bursting buds, and they come forth with, -vigor; : Tiien we se lect one for a. 'leader, (usually the strongest one) tho -others, generally from .3!x-to eiht arc made horizontal shoots. "Should tliey. grow too erect, they can' e-asily bo . 'made to assume the desired position 'by driving a peg into the ground, and with' a piece of string-attached to the peg, tie your snoot' where jyou want it. .When the horizontal branches have made six to eight inches of a growth, they should be steppee by pinching out the point of the shoot with the finger and thumb. The leader is allowed to make twelve inches: of a growth when the point is taken out as before. The object of stopping the horizontal branches at six inches i3 to push' the buds below. Only one-or-so, will make a shoot; the xthers form fruiting spur3 at once. Should more than one show a tenden cy to make a shoot, it should at once be pinched back and made a fruiting spur. Now the leader is allowed to grow twelve inches, and then stopped. The leader will have gained more Strength by being" allowed to grow twelve inches instead of six, and when stopped will throw; but another tier of shoots or horizontal branches just far enough above the other tier to be where they aro .wanted. Tho leader is:then allowed to grow on through the, season", and the next spring is cut back- to within 'twelve inches, thus forming another tier, and so on, year! after year. In this way the tree is furnished", with branches from .the ground up ; co branch interferes with another, and each branch is properly spurred. ' By" repeating the practice of stopping, each branch is of the same s-trength and capacity to carry its respective weight of fruit. This balance of pow er will need some watch ing, and should there be one branch that is inclined to grow weakly, let the stopping. alone. on that branch let it gain it3 balance but take care and Br sides,) if I can only iiavo th ; turbed often enough when h weather, and would prefer last work when shouting tL; -Weeds grow with us fast cno;: corn at IS cents per busb-l pounds. (Ws not warrant har. even if it should increase :.V" three or four bushels for each Clarl: Co., O., Dee. 21, ISei, vou cr channel. stop the others. throw the sap into the If this treatment of thj Dwarf Pear is pursue J, I feel confi r.o or.s will complain of trees not bearing when the frost does not destroy the fruit. Cor respondence Prairie Farmer, Experiment In Fceain? r;. II. A, Whittemore, of Fluvr.r ; V. Y., writes to the Rural New Y . . On the 25th of April last I j t -pig in a pen, and on the 14th o; another of tho same litter. T . were of the White Berkshire lr-:. ' with a slight dash of Suffolk.' T pigs were fed. three times a dap sour milk and an addition cf six - . .' of corn, until the 22( of August,' I .- , I commenced feeding with old -barley and peas, equal parts mix. : - -gether and ground very fine. ' rl' ; gained gradually upon this feed Sept. 2d. T " thcn'settled upr.i ' :. -; bushels of feed for seven days, r. ; v 9 1-64 quarts of feed -per day fr two. This feed was continued; : j Nov. 8th, when I put them up; corn meal, ground fine and mixcj boiling water, and left to scald. T consumed two bushols of thi3 fc:.' ; ' week until Dec. Oth, when they v- butchered and dressed. 'After!:-.:: ing ten hours, they weighed, rc : . ively, 351 pounds and oZd pcur.a;.-- Thus we see the piga were fed -me;:'.' 100 days, at the rate of 10 It 3. per dxy : for the two, making 1744 lbs. cf rr.c in all. This shows that it tok & tr fie over 21-2 lbs. of meal (with sic; to mix with) to mako'ono pound s pork. We also see that 1744 I:?. feed worth 50c. per b-jsticl, cr 0 r.i"'--per pound, would amount to $15,60. 690 lbs. pork at 4c. per lb! (rzzrt . prico hre) is 27,00, leaving r. yx fit, aside from milk and the. six tar;-1 . . corn per day for 00 days, i ?- trouble of feeding, which manure vnvj balance), and we find 11,00 ti ' amount. These pigs were dror.-c the 23d of March and killed Dcc:;: making them 201 days old, shovirv. an average grain of one poud i''v ounces per day. There is-a coal mine in Cheshire, England, which 13 2504 feet deep.- Ther9 is a copper mine in Cornwall 2180 feet deep. Engines of several hundred horse power are required to lift the minerals and pump such mines It is estimated that in California, thrA tire 150.000 sheen. The wool clip of the present year will not fal much short of five million pouhd3. The worst wheel of a cart makes the most noise. a w. 1U. From the Country GenUeman anl CuiUralor. Corn Drills ts. mils. On May 19th I planted a field of 20 acres of black alluvial soil, running into a sandy loam on , one side, partly with the Ohio Planter, for check rows, and part with the Barnhill Drill. The land I set aside for the experiment, was twelve rows each .side of a line running north' and south, where the soil was the most even to appearance of any in the field. " The part checked had been marked' off east and west, 4 feet apart, and the rows planted 3 feet eight . inches wide ; the corn stood very well with from three to five stalk3 in -the hill. The drills were 4 feet apart, and stalks from G to 9 inches apart. The seedTuscd wa3 Yellow Dent with stripes; bom lots piantea at the same time : ground in good or der, and came up alike. Worked the corn with a three-tooth cultivator plow a verv good-implement for drilled s - corn, consisting ot three narrow shov els on a shovel -plow stock ; twice and three times with the double shovel the last plowing just at the time the ear3 were .forming, with a few silks showing. Always working both lots at the same time," and a3 near alike as possible. No hand work on either plot, the few weed' left ' by ' the plows remaining in each. Corn cut up Sept, 20th:' husked out Nov. 13th. Kow3 27 rods long. Drilled corn, 78 1-2 roda, made. 04 bushels of ears ; hill corn, -72.rod3, made 4u.bushels ot ears. This experiment has given more in favor of the drill than any previous one l ever made. From previous ob servations, I have claimed an advan tage of 10 to 15 per cent, in favor of the drill in the yield, and as much more in the expense of cultivation ; also an advantage in being able to plant any part of a field- that may be ready, whenever tne sou ana weatner permit, which with someof our late or wet springs 13 a great disider-itum. I like a tight working near the corn as soon as possible after heavy rains ; and after ' the corn ' is up one or two feet high, am not afraid to put the plows down! and tear off the roots, (which, as -Tape Ljuc suggests, may be different with drilled corn where they only get disturbed on the two Crc! nor sun t:? mation implies L; must be subdued or the patient w.-V inevitably die. If prompt efforts, r.r'. made to cool tho parts in casa c; e-r. attack of croup, relief will be as p.rjr:p5. as it is surprising and delightful. All know that cold water applied to a h t skin cools it, but all do not in wcl; know and understand, that hot water applied to an inflamed skin will ci certainly cool it oil. lience ti.e ap plication of cold water with liuv cloths, or almost boiliog water wua woolen flannel, are very edeient in the cure of croup.. Take two or ti.rc: pieces of woolen flannel of two fJd? large enough to cover the whole thro:t and upper part of the chest ; put the? in a pan of watter as hot as the h:-r. . can bear, and keep it thus' Lo;'t adding water from a boiling tea fcottV .. at hand; let two of the flannels be i ' the hot water all the time, with a dr. flannel covering the wet one, so as keep the steam in to some extent; t; -flannel should not be so wet wh.a p on, as to dribble the water, fjr it important to keep the clothing as d . as possible, and the body and fee: the child comfortable and warm.' ' " As soon as one flannel gets a' lit-' cool, put on another hot one, wit'i little interval of exposure as pen.-w and keep up tho prccecss ur.til doctor comes, or until the phlcb-rr. . loose, the child easier, and begin? ,io fall to sleep; then gently wrap a-dy flannel over the wet; one which ;3 cr-, so as to cover it up thoroughly,-an I the child is saved. When it wakes, un both flannels will ba Journal. ! 1- T7-'T Bee Harvests. There tre'frrthe bee three harvest season every spring, summer and autv.rjr.. 'If only one of these yield aland -in i';r. me Dees will stturu euyv i-r their prospective wants; an rj like wise if all three are only moderately good. When they can. gather p ! -fully during two of them, they stc::r a supply and a surplus ; and nhen ali three yield amply there will he a su perabundance of store3. As ager.eral rule, destitution or starvation wiil c-Jj occur among bee3 whiih are disa? 1 or mismanaged; especially hen ''jj improper or excessive pr-:.!;; in t!;: spring they are constraned to usn i'rr comb building the avails cf th- e.i. ! j' harvest, and tbe latter or.p p rc-.v t ) be meagre. Ancrican B:c Jc-ar 7.