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EVERY SATCFDAT BV hatj:s or Aivi:i:xis:f. One soia-e (tea lines or leiajue lastrtioa, " $! ti ' Each adiiuiuuat insertion - -Business Cvl , ix line or m't, oaa year One column on rear - . ia Cne l;;f column i a? year - - - 40 oo -Uj fourth colrmn & year - - . 28 M One eighth colutna oce year ' - w Os 9 coin Din six mviHb - - 4JW ()-.:e al? c IdT.a six months - i ta One fourth culuan six niouths - . li 09 . Oti ei-'h'ii of cniamnix njonUa - n One column three Bombs - - - 36 One half colnmn three month . - IS SO One fonrth column tbree months - - 12 One eiahth column tbree mmttis - 9 ' AnnonEcinarCandiciates tor Otnoe, - 6 ' 7;an.-ieot sdverti-enieri'.i ma-.' be r'l 'or In rfvab'A T. II. FISHER n y Stn mer'a Clock, Main Street, EEOWNVIKLE. N. T. I S A S A ' F I S II E 11 IKOPK1KTOKS. (2 00 2 50 3 00 'IiIBEHTY AND UNION, ONE AND INSEPEHABLE, NOW AND FOSEVEB.' w"' ." f naidattbeenduf 6 months H .V " 12 " , ,2 ,.r m.-re will le forbMid at $1 60 per o' . , .-. .h irrnnipanips (he order nnf Tear'y advertisements, quarterly i.i a.iaace. T I la Tra-iscuai A(iver:Ke!nent. fraction ver fct. t ( t qnarw will be charged for by the line, at ibe rte of t tiJ ; ,-entstb first week, aoil S cents e-icii ubeineTit weeX VOL. VII. BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, -THURSDAY,- MAY 14, 1863. ,,vniM ' - I -if 7V s I N E S S CARDS. Pi fo THE AFFLICTED i ii; A. C.ODFIiF.Y. 'saYSlOIAN, SURGEON ASD nRSTETRlCI A N, ye. bavine twenty-five rears' exre- V !( H'd . fa 1 i i ' Kcrcnce. ana one or ine correiK'ii- r: 1' ..i,ierun Journal uf the Medical Scieo of erninently in Brownville, nn.l re- f')l!e M rfeiHla 8er-ices to tbe cit- .;-'' . - . .LaiiLvprmn to comm. m nrartire. r,..i ra.u.. - - - ; ' ' u .'r-iuut Tumr and S.'res Abscesses nd L1 S 're t-J'es, even pjniii uunanet-s, T ' . i.lr tailed Falling Sickness. Falsy, f"'-' ii,.i..i..v. t:i)iiumi)tion in the. first and u ; .Kinc nin forms, an-1 dleases of . - 4 -' . . . . . . . .. : i . . . . , ''T !u .f r.i ied. ive lete ence ti those rei pro- ,;n.-u!-atie tbe I'uited State, and afterward ' ' vie f-'und at all h-urS. eitber at TI. C. Itfa ir or at bi dwelling bouse., wben not ennaiied jBEITMEYER & R0BIS0N, MANUFACTURERS OF riqnnTS AND SHOES. ll '1 " www- ; - ' xi!S BETWEEN TIRST AKD SECOND STS., IIUOWN 1 1. M T. -inherent It purcbave-t tbe Shoe Shop formerly iVv Wm T I'eii. e ikt i;fler uur work at great -'uced j-ioc. We manufacture fcli that we ofTer ; r'. fs-All work warranted. iTi n'r, he. Sct t27. 1S62. ""' C. F. STEWART, CL1CTIC PHYSICAIN SURGEON, n n 6 v x v 1 1 - l-k, s c " s n a . , lVM II. C Lit's Prnc Sure, II -Had- V ,i i -uet. 6-i43-ly EDWARD W. THOMAS, ATTORNEY, AT LAW, SOLICITOR IN CHACERY. 'i e r Trier .r 31 s'rrM . BRbWNVILLC. NEHltASKA. -tsaie "l'GlSTUS SCHOENHEIT. ATTORNEY AT LAW, sonciTonsAiN chancery, Orrc-r First and Ilaiu Streets, r.riunUIlp. - - - Nebraska MOLINE PLOWS, UhiN SiiKLLKHS, &C. .nil FACTGUY Villi XS! t.. Iron and Steel Warehouse, Third Sired. Felix and LJmond .jusm... on PIKES' PEAK GOLD! 1 receive Piite f o-nfr up..ii iDr anie. and Peak iroi'i u pay over balance of process e bad. In all caes. 1 wi( i. Mini .eturns are r.:' ii the printed returns of tbe Initea siaie ir Avhv office RSON, INI). L . U A BULLION AM) EXCHANGE BttOKEH BROW.NVILLE. NEBRas.- no20v4 JACOB MARHON, . MERCHANT TAILOR, BROWNVILLE, .,, - . . r:.iimpn desiring new, neat. ti'i'.rr aupuiii'u yi - wmcable and fashionable WERA1NG APPAREL, TO HIS Kew Stock of Goods JUST RECEIVED, KRO-Vb CLOTHS. CASSUtERS. VESTINGS. &c..fcc., OrTIIK VERY IaATETTSTYIaES, Wluu be will ell or make up, to order, at unprece ifTned w pric es. , ... i i TU e wisbiug any thing In his line w'''1? ell a:.d examine his stock before inves ting as be tiedge himself to hold out peculiarly favorible in tlu'etnenis. Fet.rnary 13th. 1S6J. : FAIRBANKS' STANDARD SCALES Of" ALL IIKDS. Also, Warehouse Trucks, Letter Presses. &c. FA!hBAMK,GREENLEAF&CO. 112 laAKE ST., CHICAGO, tJ-Re careful, and buy only the genuine. 2 June 12:h. ISi3 n49-3m . THOMAS DAVIS, ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN SUR G E O ST , TABLE ROCK, NEBRASKA Reference, Dr. D. (iwin, Brownrille. April N. !. nia-Iy E. MOODY & SON. NIAGARY NURSERIES, I.OCKPOUT, N. Y.. Wholesole and Retail Dealers in Fruit. Fruit and Ornamental Trees, AND SHRU BS AN ) STO C Pit M USERYaiEX. 7 W I LSO N HO L LIN GE R , j, "27 X3 O JNT E5 COUNSELLOR AT LAW, r.rtieral and Colleclinqr Assent. BEATiilCE, GAJiL lU, EBUANhA. WILL nraef ice in tbe sere al Courts in Gage and 'joining counties, and will gire prompt attention to all business entrusted to him. ColUn tions prompt ly made. if . articular attention given to locat ing Land NVarrants on lands carefully selected by blUDr-flf.VJ JltHa,oer 25. '61 nl2-yl.T New Remedies for SPERMATORRHEA. HOWARD- ASSOCIATION, PHILADEIiPHIA. fenrvolent Institution established by tfeeial E- aovmrn'.for tne Relief of the Sick and Vmtrestea. tJKicttd icirh Virulent and Chronic Diseate and 'Specially for the Cure of Dicaei of the Sexual Orcoa J aLtDICAL ADVICE given gratis, by the Acting luat, , A itther dis ,?i0,e Sexual Organs, and ou the NEW REMB mr-, Pyed in tbe Dispensary Two or three Stamps accept- Address Tin T c nr t iv ttat-p titav tt. 1 e Kl- 2. Swiith Kiuth Sireet, Philadelphia, P n'29-Iy F.ftwon I... -..in . COOPER'S STUFF W ro" M? m 3Z ! ! The highest prico in ca.h will be paid f..r Stares, IleaJin-.and Hoop Poles. Enquire .f L. D. Rob inon.at the American Iloue in Drownville. The fub.cribT is about eftabli-hinj a Coopering establishment in Erownville, and will perlVrm all business in th.it line, surh as making Flour, Mo lasses, IVrk and Brandy Barrels. Will iilrh. mend Buckets, Tub. Churns, n37-3m-;.i L. P. ROniXSOX. SPRING AND SUMMER MILLINERY GOODS ! 'SIRS. MARY IIE11ETT, tj Announces to tbe ladies of Brownville and vl ,.'J cinity, that i-be has just eccived frum the ' Eat a magnificent stotk of SPHINQ AND SUMMER MILLI3T2Y GOODS, Consisting of -Ladip' and Mis! II on nets and Hats. Kibbims. Fiowt'r, Sec. To which f.he Invites the attention of the Udles, feel ing acsuied ibey cannut be better tutted in style, qual ity or price. n41-ly "COOPERS WANTED ! The undersigned de?ire? to purchase 2,000 good Flour Barrels. Tbe great demand for his Hour, not only in this Territory, but from Julesburg, DenFer, Central City, and all parts of Colorado; from St. Joseph, Mo., and Leavenworth, Kansas, renders it essential that he should have Birrels. Ho is determined to furnish a good article of Flour, as cheap as possible, and as the high price of Sacks add to the price of Flour, he is determined to pp-oure Barrels. He is willing to pay Coopers a higher price for their work than they obtain in the States J. G. MELV1N. Febll-r.32-tf. rill! IT AM) O KX AMENTA I TREES. '.'OO.dOO Apple Trees, 4 years old, $8 per hundred $60 ler lb. ui-ai;d. 75 000 Standard Pear Trees, 2 to 3 years oil, $25 per b'.iiKiied, 230 per thonsand. 2o 000 1 year old Diana Grape Vines, $15 per hundred $H0 per thousand. 150 OOO Standard Pear Grapes, $6 per hundred, $5t per tbousan-l. These Pear Grsrts. not being bulky, can be transport ed cheaply, and by growing two years, will make good Mi.cd trees to plant iu an orchard. Any one can treble their nil ney by growing tbeui to sell. Send for Whole and Descriptive Catalogues. E. MOODY It SOX. n5I-3m Niagara Nurseries Loctport. N. T. THE CONFESSIONS AND EXlEitI E.CE OF A SUFFEUElt. rubliehed as a warning, and for tbe esjecial bene fit of Young Men and those who suffer with Nervous Debility, Loss of Memory, IVcmttare Decay.ic., Ac., by one of those who has cured himself by simple u'aus, after being put to great cxpcn.m and incon venience, through the use of worthless medicines prescribed by learned Doctors. Single oipies may be had of th- author, O.A. I.AM IihU i , F.s p, (jiecii point, l-ng I-:;uid,by enclos ii a .st-pMid uddiesed em elope. Adore.-s it ,VKi.!:S A. LAMKKHT, Esq , (ireenp. int, Iof f I .. I in.). N. Y. M .v IS;2 nlR-2rii. I'iriEl TitELS! PCAst TREES!! U O i Sii'l l P-ar Trees, three to m leet nipu. at 20 pe" hu iiiied cah. 0. 00 Law ton B'acsberrieR. st $20 per toouand. 5 o 0 II ir Is. 'ii Hirer Rx-plerrip. at $-1 per hundred. BiO" Mien's Risphei ry. at $3 per hundred . 10 OCO Wilson Albany Strawberr , at $1 per hundred $5 per thousand. 10 0o Karly Scarlet Strawberry, at $! per hundred. 10,0 Kink Prince Strawberry at $1 per hundred. 10,ih)J (fie- Willow Cxtti'icti. at $2 60 per thousand. 50 oon Gray or Big Timber Willow, at $5 per thousand. Syracuse P. P.. Otoe UouUij Nebraska. November 29Lh 1862. njJo-lOw Mall Arrivals antl Departures. Eastern and Sjutbern Mail Daily, arrives 6 a. M. nilv arrives 7 P M. Beati Ice.' Weekly, arrives Thursdays 6 p.m. De parts Mondays 8 A. m: Tab'e R :k. Tri-weekly arrives Mondays Wednes days and Fridays, at 12 M- Departs same days at I r M R..ckp. rt, Daily departs at 9 A. M ,Stndays except ed Arrive- at 6 P. M K isiern and Southern mail closes 6 1 2 p. M North- em, 8 P. M. Rokport o l-a a. m II. H. MARSH, Depot rol easier. Notice to Teachers. The undersigned. Hoard of School Lxaminers, for the County of Nemaha, hereby give notice that hereafter, on the first Saturday of each month, they will hold meeting at the oSL-e of Luther Hoad lv. Esq., in Hrownville, for the purpose of examin- ing applicants lor certincatea io " county. H. H. DOBBINS. A.O WHITE, V School Examiners. L. H0ADLY, J January 31st. 1803 n291y THE " KING MICROSCOPE." Prof. Horsford, of Harvard Cniversity, say. "it works very well and you hava got it cp very neatiy.' Magnifies 25 diamet ert 56 cents in Postal Currency. The BOWKX MICROSCOPE " 2S cents The 'S. WOODWARD" MICROSCOPK. 38 cents. Or one each of tbe three kinds for $1 00. All free of Postaee. Address T. FDWIN KING. n39.3W Bi'X 330 Boston, Mass. JUST IN TI1S1E FOR TOBACCO SEED GRATIS Send a three cent post office stamp ind get tdx kindi TobaccoSeel gratis. THUMfSU.v r ttt.yut.a. Nov. 29tb, 1S62. Syracuse, eora WHOLESALE ONLY. American Stationery Warehouse JOHN J. MERITT, Importer, Wholesale Stationer, And Sole Agent for Windsor and Ciifion Mil's Premium Papers, Consisting of Commercial Notes, Lttters, Bill, Legai and Fools caps, n. is rtprkmnti Mreet near Nasan. N. Y. Also, Proprietor and Sole Aeeut for tbe following new ana u'eui nn iw. Oliver' I'aleiit lira-ivc Tip. This Tip is different irom aay heretofore made, being eaily lined to any pencil, it is manuiaci uir uum Vulcanized-Rubber of ibe best eiasive quamj , u uc . . . . : l . ......I,., on. i la reaai.y tiian.eu irom iue pw-ic-n u hiwi sold at ad extremely low prtce. It is tne mosi oeMra hie article of the kind in the markt t. . . n liui iieiV. l'atnl Kubbi r Inkstand &- Hack, an cunake inkctat.d. preserving ink from tbe decompo sing euect or light. (iiecu's rate nt Inkrl'rasur and Taper CJleimer, the best article made for rubbing out pencil-msrks. ac complishing ihe work in one half the iii-eof ordinary rubber. - The Talent Continuation Paper-CuKer and tttiW'r. a new and useful article, coiabinini the use of two in dependable things. IMaitv l'at nl Portable Copying Press, a light, cheap, and usefui article. .Meriitfe llro n Vis Pen. a very superiiir steel-pen, iii.ubjaad selected with tbe greatel care, put up two di.ten In a box, six boxes en cio(.Ml iu au.it!:er neatly finUhed box, tbe most conven int shape jKissible fr letaiiing. The Orais MiTO-scope" magnifies small obiecta 10,000 times: is ao simple that a cnild may ue it ; is an endless source of amusement aud iiw.tru.tion to young aad old. Retails tor 8"2 Beautitdl mounted objects, sult.able fr tbe microt.cope ve turnished at $1.60 per doi. retail. I havejut received a full and complete assortment or the genuine ... ... - Arnold riting. Fluid. All orders will receiee prompt and careful attention. Call and examine one of the largest and best assorted stocks or Stationery in the United States JOHN J. ILiHiiirT, WHOLESALE 1TATI0SEII. D39-m iSBfkman-st.,NewTik. "Ovtrtlo Scenes. loO - f tbe most severs b'A'TTLli A' A'.U.5 and incidents i'f the War. now ready, stzelSx.O inch. 8. highly colored, on fine heavy pa -jer. Sent jNst-pid. 2l for $1,0U, or$l jr 100. To aU'enau.d the trade n . hoi t.r otiiM.rt u it v was ever oJcre.l . Address HEXiiYB.AXso.s.aViutl'ubUfhcr.d-c 84 State Street, Boston, Mas.. THE 8THIPES AND STABS. We are fighting for onr Union We are flgbting for our trust; We are Cchting for tbe happy land Where lies our Father' dust. It caanot be disevered, Though it costs us bloody-wars ; We are sworn to protect the brave old Flag That bears tbe S ipes and Stars. CH0KX7S. H r ahl DuTrah! Hurrah ! Fur equal rights, hurrah ; Ilurrah for the brave old Flag That bears tbe Stripes and Stars We treated you as brothers. Until you drew the sword; And with impious hinds at Sumter Tou cut the silver cord ; But now you hear cur Bufles We are the sons of Mars, And rally round the brave oil Flag That heais tbe Stripes and Stars. Chobts Hurrah I Hurrah I ite. We do not want your Cotton We care not for your Stares ; Bt't rather than divide this Land, We'll fill your Southern graves. With Lincoln as our Chieftain, Wt-'ll wear our Country's scars. And rally round the brave old Flag That bears tbe Stripes and Stars. Chorus. Hurrah ! Hurrah ! &c And when the War is ever. We'll each resume our nome We'll treat you still as brothers, Wherever you may roam. We'll pledge tbe hand of Friendship, And think no more of Wars, And dwell beneath the brave old Flag That bears the Stripes aud Stars. Chob.CS. Hurrah 1 Hurrah! &c. The Cincinnati Enquirer Snowing its Colors. The following, with much more of the same sort, is from the Cincinnati Enqui rer of Sunday, the 26th of April: The Church is now embarked in poli tics. The religious scepter has departed from the Ceristian Israel, and it has taken on the political. To be a "Christian " seems equivalent to being a rampant and bigoted partisan. The Christian minister is a stump-speaker in a house with a steeple. The bitterest party har angues come from the pulpit, and senti ments that might put barbarians to shame are delivered in what purports to be ser mons. anH blasphemously in the name of a holy and mrriful GoJ. This i-xtract shows what no one who has carefully watched passing events can have faih d to see, that Northern sym pathizers with treason are fast becom ntiDj opt-n infidels. The Chriidian Churches, in the loyal States, the Christian press, the Christian ministry, the Sunday schools, and the puMic schools are almost unanimously loyal. Hence all these come in for their share of hatred from such papers as th. Cincinnati --E-rtintrtrr.--Tip- structions are steadfastly opposed to the schemes of Jeff. Davis to break up the Government of the United States. So the Enquirer denounces them. We are rlad that that sheet is at length throwing off the mask and appearing in its true colors as an enemy to religion and to the common school system. We have known, from the beginning of the present strjggle, that the virtue and intelligence or the country was nearly all'on one side. The Churches of the country and the schoolls of the country must pe destroyed before the schemes of sncessionists can succeed. Heme the Enquirer says: "We have been for some time aware that the machinery of party was at work in our conmon schools. The schools are, in ready every; instance, under the con trol of members of the Republican party. The teachers are mostly Repub licans or abolitionists, and generally fan- ' aucs By the machenry of party the Enqui rer means influence for the Union. In Dayton, where there is a larger secession element than usual in the public schools, numbers of children have been expelled because they wore on their clothing the emblems of our nationality, such as buttons with the American eagle, flag pins with the stars and stripes, and red, white and blue rosettes. These, by the satellites of Jeff. Davi's, partisan em blems, and generally in public schools their is not treason enough to expel the pupils for showing there zeal for the cause of their country in this way. The Eoquirer says: 44The time is not far distant when it will be obvious that the people of this country must rise in their strength and nut down this vast and rrpidly-growing array of party machinery, or be put down bv it. It will come to be understood that schools and bjate it even more aanger eous to popular freedom than Chuich and State. In the South, where the rebellion has had free course, they have not been tro ubled with this hated commen school sys tem. .If the system can be destroyed at the North, there is a good prospect that the Enauirer's. proiect of leaving New England out in the cold, and joining the West to the Confederacy, can succeed. People can be duped by the enemies of the country in proportion to their ignorance- The rebellion could never have been successful, in the South, had the blessings of general education prevailed there as here. The course of the Enquirer and kin dred papers is rapidly separating the vile from the good in what was the old Dem ocratic party. As soon as a man de clares unconditionally for the Union these sheets denounce him as an aboli tionist, following the advice of their Southern lords. In this way parties are rapidly ranging themselves into their two appropriate classes, of friends and e&emies ot the Government, uenerai B-side's order Number 35 has so far operated on tbe ft-ars of Northern rai - nrs that they '.'are not p nly utter L , c.i ... j ThP.r iliir tn-siifiri as 'Lev U-ed to do. lueir iiJa j , only cour.- -e now is to lock around an1 . h lLQSl powerfuU support of occ r free institutions, and cVwhatthey cm to weaken this support. Tney jude rightly that Christian morals and Chris tian education are the most powerful auxiliaries in a Governtr.ent whose motto is-Liberty and Union." So..nnv. they turn their guns against the Chrtitian Church and the public retools Verily these men ar' making a rec ord for themselves, which ihtir chi' iren will wish most betterly to biot lorever from the pages of history. Cincinnati Ghrhtian Advocate. Terrible Tragedy In OMo. On the 26th ultimo a terrible tragedy occured a few miles from Toledo. C)hio, resulting in the death .of Mrs. Sarah Brown, wife of Amos Brown, their two daughters, five and eight years of age, and Alonzo Brown, the murderer. Mr. Amos Brown, who had been absent from home some two hours, retjrned and was met at the door by i.i brother, who had a rifle in his hand cocked. The murderer then informed his brother thatFhe had "killed his wife and twa daughters, and intended to kill him &ho. On this Alonzo drew up his rifle and snapped it at his brother, and soon after snapped it again, when he retired to another part 01 the house, and, talcing a dose of strichnine, was in a few minutes a corpse. . Mrs. Brown was stabbed four times in the brest, Ker fore finger was nearly cut off. and there were injuries upon her head, the result of blows or cuts with the knife. The youngest child was cut on the brest. The oldest had a gash across the breast six inches in length. Mrs. Brown is said to have been an estimable lady, espec ially well regarded for her kindness of heart and attention to the sick. She was about forty years of age. Mr. Amos Brown, her husband, had'been in the army, from which he returned adont three months since. Alonzo Brown had been a reident of the vicinity about fifteen years. He was a man of bad character, and had been released but a short time from the State prison at Jaokson, Mich igan, where he had served out a term for horse-stealing. He came to rside with his brother aboir he time of the re turn of the latter frcm th- army. Mr. Amo:' Brown is a farmer and highly re spected by his neighbors. He says he had no difficulty with his brother, and is not aware of any cause which could have prompted him to the commission of the most terrible deed. The murderer, how ever, is said to have declared that he had his revenue. Irish I The warm heartedness of the Irish especially on the arrival of imigrant ships from across the Atlantic. The Philadel phia Gazette noticing the arrival at that port on Tuesday of the ship Tonawanda. from Liverpool, with 4-11 passengers, principally Irish imigrants, notes the fol lowing affecting scenes: Upon the dock there must have been several hundred people, friends and rela tives of those now for the first time touch ing American soil. To describe what followed passes our powers. In the crowd wore servant girls by the dozen, who by their scanty earnings, had saved the mo ney by which was paid the passage of no inconsiderable number of those who now descended from the decks of the Tona wanda to the dust of Walnut street dock. Among those whom he saw in the crowd, was a deaf and dumb man. He had come to meet a widowed sister with several children. He waited with feelings under control, until he saw the woman corning over the ship's side, with a good nalured fellow-passenger helping the children af ter her. He made a rush at her, took her in his arms, mumbled inarticulate sounds, and then gave expression to hi? feelings by lying on his back and kicking upward in very joy. He sprang up in a moment or two and went to the children. The youngest one he stood ou its head against a wharf post, and was about to toss another into the air, in the exhuber- ance of his iov. when an officer restored him to his wife by tearing off part of his coat collar. There was a girl there who had brought out from TiDDerarv an old mother. At 1 the joy of seeing her the daughter faint ed, aud was kindly carried to the Ridge way House for restoration. Excessive joy afiected her as the opposite extreme excessive grief. Her transport had al most proved to be productive of serious consequences. People who dishonor the fourth com mandtuent should witness the landing from an imigrant ship of a concourse of the Irish peasantry. If they knew the manner in which most of the passages of such people are paid by the slowly ac cumulated savings of laborers, male and female they would perhaps learn a les son not always to be learned in the high er walks of life. Selling a watch. "Paddy, honey, will you buy my watch nowV" i "And is it about selling your watch ye are, Mike ?' "Troth, it is, darlin "What's the price t "Ten shillincr and a shilling and mutchkin of tae creature .1 M. "Is the watch a dacent one ?" "Sure and I've had it twenty years, and it never once decayed me." "Well, here's you tin ; now tell me i Joes it go well "Bedad an' it goes faster than any j watch in Conaaught, Munster, Ulster, ; Li - t crIl0t barring Doubim." . "V . - ,,. j BatI luck to ye, Mike, you have! Ih potatoes for planting are sell.ng ' Didn -ou sav it never'1 alulbf muderale PnCe : taken me m. Uid.. t you say it never of lhiny djiiarsabusheL decaved you i r "Sure I did nor did" it for I a n , never desentlea ou it. Consolidation of Regiments. During the next two or three months the term of service of many of the sol diers now in the field will expire. This will leave many skeleton regiment, as the men in the several regiments have been enlisted at different periods, there being in some case over a year's differ ence in their time. These skeleton regi ments will no doubt be consolidated as provision has been made for this in the act for enrolling and calling out the notional forces. The following are the rules to be observed in consolidating the regiments: Infantry. Each jegiment will be con solidated into five or less numberof comp anies, and ihe celonel. major, and one assitant surgeok shall be mustered out. Cavalry. Each regiment will be con solidated into six or less number of comp anies, and the colonel, two majors, and one assistant surgeon mustered out. Artilltry. Each regiment will be consolidated into six or less number of batteries, ond the colonel, two majors, and one assistant surgeon mustered out. Companies and batteries, lormed by con, solidation, will be of maximum ttrength and will be organized as now directed by law and regulation. The fifteen letters of the alphabet will be used to designate companies. All compnny officers commissioned and non-comrnissioned, rendered super numerary will be mustered out of service at the date of consolidation. All other officers and non-commissioned officers will be retained. Officers to be retained will be selected by division and corps conunhnders, nnder the instructions of the commanding general of the army or department, from among the mostefficien officers of the respective regiments. After the consolidation it is directed that the reduced proportion of officers will be maintained, and no appointments to vacancies will be made except upon notification from the ad utant general of the army. To this end commanders of armies and department will report week ly to the adjutant general all vac-mcies to do filled. Said reports will be separata for each State and must embrace name, rank, and regiment of the party crerting the vacancy, with the date and cause thereof. The men raised by conscription will. no doubt, be placed in regiments by themselves, while the old veterans in the field will be massed together. Artificial Butter. We have some hesitation ih publising the following information, lest some enterprising Yanke e takes it into his "oT oti tne sumeci. oumc ui i-unn i - . 77 v i- ,i.k i,nirur the sold in this market at the preent ti.ne would rppear to have gone through some such process as described beiow. . A writer in a London periodical says: Cream is very delicious oood, yet it is only the fatty substance of the cow with a peculiar flavor superadded. If our chemists can take the whole tat ot tne cow, after slaughter, and add to it an art ificial .flavor, and thus convert it into an artificial cream, it will surely be a great gain. There is little doubt that a large amount of London bntter is manufactur ed artificaliy. but the ocjection is, that it is a very bad and unpleasant imitation of natural bufter The present writer was riding behind an engine on a railway, a short time back, when there stole on him a strong odor of red herring. "Why, guard, is the driver cooking his breakfast at the fire-box door?" No, sir ; that is where it comes from," pointing to a huge factory on the left of the road. -what are thep doing there ?" "Melting down iat." 'For the candle-makers ?" "No, sir; for Dutch butter." "What fat is it?" "Oh, they pretend it's all flares ;' kind but they put in old greasof any old railway greas and tone tat "But why for Dutch butter ?" "Because they can't make it into but here, as Dr. Letheby and Dr. Hassall would be 'down' upon thorn. So they send the fat over to Holland ready melt ed, and make it into butter there, and send it back here, when nobody can say anything against iL But. sir, I am tolJ They use arsenic in purifying that fat and it they don't get it all out before they make butter of it, all the worse for the poor who eat it." If the English manufactures produce edible and nourishing fat from waste and other materials, and Dutch chemists so flavor it so that it tastes like butter, and the effect on digestion is the same, there is no apparent harm in the process. But it wculd be well nevertheless, that it shonld pass through the crucibles of the English chemist before passing into the the stomachs of the English poor. A shoal of speculators having appear ed among the tobacco growers in the Conneoticut valley, the price of the weed has advanced to 20 and 25 cents rer pound. The total number of laws passed by the late session of the Thirty-seventh Congress was 173 public acts 94' private acts 35' and joint resolution? 44. Thf Manassas General Porter has been ignominiously dismissed. McDowell has been deprived of his crimmand and cen sured .by the Court cf Inquiry in his case' i Sigel h-s resigned, and Pope has been ; superceded. The next best thing to governing yourself is to be governed by your wife OFFICIAL. T.WTS OF THE UNITED STATES, Passed at ihe Second .SVWoa of the Thirty-eecet C H'jrria. PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY. Chap. CLXXXIV. An Act to amend an A-t enti tled " Au Act to farther promjte the cfa. i'.-r.cy of the Navy," approved December twecy-firet. eigh teen hundred and sixty-one. lie it tuuc'ed by the Sena.' and IIobi of Iiepr tuative of the Unit J State of Amrim in Con gremi wiWei,Tbat section eight of aa act to fur ther promote the elTu-iencj of the navy approved December twenty-fir-it, eighteen hundr d and s.xty one. be amended so as to ra id as follows: That the hours af labor and the rate of waes of the etnp!oy eos in the navy yards shall conform, as ne-.irly as is consistent. wi;h the publie interest, with those of with those cf private establishments in the imme diate vicinity of th repotive yards, to he deter mined by the commandants of the nary yards, sub ject to the pproval and revisioa cf tue Secretary of the Navy. Approved, July 15,1S62. Cnx?. CLXXXV. An AHtransferrlnr the "Western Guuhoiit rice, from the War tu tbe Navy Depart -inont. lie it enaettd by th Senate and H-ntue pf Hpre tontaticet of the Lrnitcd Slates of America in Con gress asrin!l'sl, Thai tbe western f:uijb-a.t Ke. t constructed by tho War lK-pj.it meat for operations oa the . western waters shali bo tru inferred to the Navy Departmeut which will be hereat'ier charged with the expense of its repair, s ipport, aud uiun-ti-nance: Provided, That ail vessels DuW under eon struction or rejuiir by authority of the War Depart ment sh.ill be comp'.eted and paid for under the authority e that department froin appropriations mado for that purpose. tee. 2. And oe it further enacted. Thnt thi act shall tako t fleet and bo in force from aad after its passage. APruv-Ei, July 15, 1302. Chap. CLXXXVI. An Act to en'argo the Lake Superior Land District; in the State of Michigm. lie it titactt d by the Smate and House of llepren staticis of the Un it' d States oj America in Qjii-jres Assembled, That all that portiou of the present Cheboygan District; " in the S'ato of M;ohiiu, lying west of Lake Michigin and south of th line dividing townships forty -one and foity-two north includiu taint .Martin's and the adj u-eut Hands Lear tho entrance to " Dig Bay De N'oc," njw ioroi in a part of the present Cat-lojgan district, and subject to sale at Traverse Ciiy, iu s;tid Siate, be, ana the s.ime is hereby, attached to th J Lake Su perior District," and the lands therein b-j sabject to cale and eatry at the ue of iho land otiijc for said district. . Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this art .-hail not take etiect until three mouths after the dato of its approval. Approved, July 16. 1SC2. Cn.vP. CLXXXVIL An A;t toimrwun Addition al Duty on Sugars produced ia tho United State, lia itenacted by the Sennte and Home of Htpre teniatires of the L'nitud States of America in Cn grts asiLmbled, That in al.iitioii to the dutifj im posed by tne act eaticlad "An act to provide inter nal revean.s to support the government, and to pay iutcre.-t oa the public debt," approved July Srst. eigbtten nui.dred and sixty-twe, on all brown mus covado or clarified sugars produced diie-tly from tho sugarcane, ther snail be leaied, collected, ar,d paid, uodcr the provisions of said aot, upon all stub sugars produced in the United Statet, a duty of oi.e cent er pound; and su. h sddi'i nal duty and ths duty specified in the pet atVreyaid sh.il! bo levi ed, collected, and paid on ail su-.h sugars, not maim! act urea for consumption in the family of tae produeej,in the hands of ihe proiu.er or manufao turt-r tLeeof or of his agent or factor, on tn.i day of the approval of this act by the 1'reiiduu: . Piovi dcd. That wtthin Slates or arts of L'at--? d--l-ired idtnt may direct un-il tae insirro.-ii tu so de.-l.irjd thai; cease or have been suppressed. Sec. 2. Aud be it further en c.ed, Thitihjpro-vi-ious o this aet sh.ill not apply to ougir muu liictur d from sorghum." ArruovfcD, Juiy 16. 1-02. Cii vr. CLXXXVIIL An Act to punish tho fraudu lent fule ot Le ot Postage stamps. He it entc:ed bu the Itnnts and iLmse of Repre sentatives f thel United StaUs 'f Ameriea in C'oii- iji e avituii'Ud. That any person ho sbali wiilu!- ly remove or cau-e to by reai ve t trotn any postage st:imy or stamped euvoiopj the canceling or a.-ri- iiiT marks tlureon, with intent to use U.e same or n .... l.- cause tae use ot tne same tne scconu uuue, or suan kn winy orwiilolly sell or buy such wahen or restored slamps, or eifer thesiuv lor ea.e, or give or exposo t.-e same to any poison f r us.or know ingly use tae same, or prep ire tru same v ua uiiont for tbe second use thereoi, evt ry su -h persi n shui; uuou conviction thereof, be a.ijudg d gai-ty if lelony and fhail be puuishei by impns annent no' ex eed- iug three yers or by tine nvt exc -iuing ojo in iu sand dollars, or by botu irnprisouuieai. a;id fin-' as atoresaid: and one half snch fine, when collected. shail be paid to tho iuformer. AFPtoVJiU, July lo,l$t'2. Ciiap. CI.XXXIX. An Act in Relation to the Co n potency of Witnessej, and for other p'-tr. ses . He it euuctrd by the S nnte nud Hon f H? sp.ntiitive of th' t ntted S-"te ot America in (Jon- gress assembled, That the laws of the Stite in which the court shall bo the rales of de i-io: as to the cotrvx-teiiey of witnes-es in the courts if the Unitoi St e, it. trials at common law, ia equity, and a.ltu.ra':y. Sej. 2. And be it further enncted, That so m nh of section tw nty-ntne of an act entitled u An act to establish the judicial cours of the United States," proved September twecty-four, seven teen hundred and eighty-nin, a- requires, ia ease? punishable with death, twelve pjcit jurors to he summoned frcm the eoun'y where th3 the off -n -e was committed, be, and the same fi hereby repealed. ArPKoViD, July 16, lSa2. Chaj. CYC An Act prohibiting the confinement of Persons in tho the .Military Service of tbe Uni ted States in the Penitiary of the District of Columbia, exeept as a Pui idimcnt Lr cert ain Crimes, and to discharge tbcreiroin certain Con vict by Sentance of Courts-martial, and for other PurjRtscsi. Be it enact- d ly S nnte and Ylous: of lipresnta -tites f the United States of America in Cnjresi aw.bltd, Ti.athere no persoa in the military .-er-vice of the Uuited States, convicted an 1 sentenced by a court martial shall be punished by r-onfinment in tho penitentiary of tho District of Columbia, un less th j oiTence of which sujh p:rson may be con victed would by some statute of the United States or at common law, as the same exists in t no sai l Distrii t, subject tu.-h convict to sail puni?hment. Se3.2. And be it further enacted. That al s ieh ri(r.ns in the mili'arv service, as aforesaid, who rve heratofore been, or my hereafter bo, co ivict- el and sentenced ov a court martial lor any oaenee which if tried betore the criminal co.rt of said District would not subject sm h peason to ijiprison mentin said peneter liaey, and who are now i.rmiy hereafter be coffin d therein, shall be discharged from said impris nment, npon tuch terms and con ditions of further punisbni-nt as tho President of the Uuited States may. in hU discretion, imp se as a commutation of said sentence. Sec. 3. And be it further enactid. That upon the ar plication of any citizen of the United States, supported by his :oalh, alleging that a person or persons in the military servic as aforsaid, are con nned in said penitentiary under the sentence fa court martial for any oheoe not punishable by im prisonment in the penitentiary by thr outhoritj-of the criminal court afcTesaid. it shall be the duty of the judge of said court, or. in rase of his absen or inability of one of the judges of the circuit court of said District, if, upon an inspection of the record of proceedings of said court mirtial,he chill nd the facts to be as alleged in said application, itnnie d ately to issue the writ of habeas corpus to bring before him the said onvict; and if, opn an inves tigation of the case, it shall le thsi p.oion of .-tun judge that the case of such convist i within th j provisions of the previous vti.n of this ct, hi I shall order sueli convi t l.e .-r.;ird in he rem- io : jail of said Di-'tri;t, until the dec' sly u of tie Prei.detit t tae the United S at;sa.s ., the e, ram i- tati .a aforesaid shall be then su. h eoiivict shal. such punishment a) by s raid ?ent. i.. e ni tv t e imo file 1 iu SiiJ ou f ami be liiS 'Mired f Hii-l so S -r i aid io a:nni..tioa of his .-d. ! Sec. 4 And be k farther nacted, That no pr- s n eonvic ed a-. n kuo u- ti- o - i a c .a.c martial sh'l. bo confined in anv initnia.-v of th- Lui-.vd tnitvii: i vry of t5.a:es, ex;e(it uni?.- th -s conduiuas of this act. APFWVtD, July lt, 1So2. CilAP. CXUV. An Ac- to sin press Insurrection, to punish Treason and KeSell;oa, to si; un 1 c fijeete the Pivport of lia'ois, ud f jr other Pu.-- Be it enaetod ?y r. S tr and H ns of Rpre sentatlees of ths 6ai. J S ite of Amtrici in Cm or. fimrHlled, That every person wJ:oha!J h r after ommit the cr.iui uf tr-s-n aiinn tY-' Uui ted Sutcs, and shall bo adjudged guilty thereof, hall sulf.-r dea;h, and all hii s tvjs, if any, shall h. de.lued and made free; or at th d:.rst.i-o of th ' court, ho shall he irayri;oO'?d fr not les th.n five years and fiued nut K-ss th vti tn thauail d !!ars, aad all his slaves, i any, shall ho deeUred an t tn-e It free ;said fine shall be h vied au coToetoJ on n-.ir or all of the property, real and persoua!, ex-luiin. slaves, of which the said person convicted w us tho owner at tbe time of emamittinj the said crim any sale or conveyaooe to the contrary uotith stanlin. Sej.2. And be it fnrther enae'ed. Tint if at person shall hereafter ir.elte, ses on foot, assist, of engage in aav rebellion or insurreotion against th authority of tho United S:it3s, or the laws thereof or shall give aid or comfort thereto, or ahall f sg-u in, or give aid and comfort to, aoy u.-h f itmg rebellion or insurrection, and be eonviited thri.f, su h person shall b punished by iuiprisonmoMt for a p-.rt.'d not exceeding ten years, or by a 9no r-t exceeding tea th uiand d liars, snl Hy tha libera tion ot h:s slaves, if any he have; or by both of :! puni-hmeptj, at the dis:reti jn of ti court. Sec. 3. And be it further ea.uted That every p:r- son guilty of ekber of the offerees described ia ihis . ct shall be forever ineipxble arni disqualified to hold auy office under th? Unite! Sratvs. Sec. 4-. And be it further ervi.-ted, Th;tt this act shall not be coujtiued ru any way to eT.-o or alter" tho prosecutii d, conviction, or puntahm'Mit any person or persons guilty of treason against the Uui-. t.d States before the passage of this act, U!i!-u such person ia convicted undir this act. - See. 5. And be it fuither enacted, That, to in sure the speedy termination of the pre-ent reV!- lion, it shall be the duty of he lt;sii; at cf th. United States to cause tne soiiure of all tho eiV.te' and property, money, gtoelcs, credits, and tT;:j of the por." n? hereinafter named in this ie-:i'.a ai;d to apply aad u.e the saua-i and the proeee U thrx.f for ths support of ihe arm of the United Spates, tint is to say: First. Cf any per on hrreafter acting ns an. od:or of the army tr navy of the rebels id arms agiins:: the government of the United Siaros. ; Si-eondly. Of any ien he eafter adiig as President, Nice President, member of (Joiirt-u juOgo of any court, eatlnet officer, f oraiga minister o jiu Lsioner or con-ul of the so called o.n:d-r e states of Ameirlca, Thirdly. Of any person ac'ing tts g)vemnieat of a state, member of a c nveatioii or legisla ure, or judge of any court of any of tho so-callen conieler-' ate stiffs of America. Fourthly. Of any person who, having liM an oSce of honor, trust, or pr dit in the United Sutes, shall hereafter hold an o&jo is tho so-cul.ed uon tederate s'.ites of Amer.ca. Fil'thiy. Of any person hereafter holding any c2ke or ag?ncy under the govemnment of the so-1 ot.Iei ce n.ed.;rate s ates of Am'riea, or under any of theaoveral states of the said confederacy, or the laws thereof, whether such o'lL-oor agency be na- tional, state, or municipal ia its name or character : Provided, That the p:rsoos. ihirllj. fourthly, ul fifthly above desriWd shall have- ace;pUi th--tr appointmontment or election since the date of the! preicuded 0 diuance of s:cesioa of the state. t .-ball ave taken an iatn of all jiaihie to, or to up port the cenjtitation of the so-jal'e J coof derate states. ' Sixthly. Of any person wh. ownirg property it any loynl Stita or T- rritory of the Uaited Slates or in the D. strict of Columb;a,shall hereafter assi.il .' and give aid aud comfort to such rebellion: anl ail , aies, transfers, or convrtyano" of anp sujh proper- -ly shall be null an 1 void ; and it sh ill be a suf3:-ient( bar to any sui; brouTit by each p rson for the pos- ses -ion or the use of such property, or any of it, to ullage and prove that he is one of the pjrioaj dei- 3 crib.d iu t'.is section. . - , , S.-;. ft. At d it forth -r -dae 1, Thtt f anv tbe passage of this act., being engaged nt triu -d b.-luon against tti govern uent of the Unioed Stat , or aiding or abetring such rebellion, shall not, witti- -ia sixty day after public warning and prxdatLa-, tion duly given and mad by tbo President of the United Staref, cease to a J, count :raiOi, anl abet -such rbe!!ion, and return u dh alL-gntn e t- th , United cMa;es. ail the estate and prope ty, tuf n , stocks, and credits ofsu rli per.n atmd ha l.able U seiiure as atoresaid, and shall be the daty of the ' President to seize and a-e them as aforesaid of tne , pro-:eeds thereof. And all sales, transfers, or e-.i- ' veya.nces, of any such proparty af.ej the etoiratj .a . of tlie -"aid sixty days from tne date of such warn- ' tng and proclamation cball be null and Void: anl il ; s&a 1 lea sullicii'ut bir to any salt, brought by u.h " pers)n for the possession or tae use of such property ' or any of it, t allege aud prove that he is one of 4 persons described in this seeiion. Sec. 7. And be it further enautel, That to sea Jro , tho coude.unation and aie of any of such property, ' after the ?ame thall hkvo beeu seiied. sw that it y lajy bo made aviii.inlo for tho pur 83 aforesaid, p;ic dings in rem sha 1 be insti.u eJ in tbenams ; of tae Uniicd States in any lis--i t i ourt thereof, or in any territorial court, cr in the United tet".a 5 .li-tiictcourt for the District ot Columbia, within whioa the property aljsjve describ.-d, or any pari ' thereof, may bu found, or iuto whtca tae aime. if . movable, may first be brought, which proceedings shall o oiteim as nearly as ue Iy as raty be to pro- cetdiugs in adoiiialty or revin ie cases, and if said property, wneiher real .r pe onJ, hali be f.ia'-.'l -. io have belonged to a per-ou engag.-d in rebolliiia, or wh ha given aid or comfort thereto, the same -ha.l be cotidemed as enemies' rroperU of the Uni- ; ted State.-, aud may be di-p- ed of as the eoirt shall ' d -ree and the proceids thereof paid into the tri- . s ry of tue United Staies for the purposes af or-" sK.il. " -. Sec. 8. And bo it further onocted. That th i aarer al cou. ts atoios.kid shall have pow r to m.iks sncb order-, e tablisti such form) of d.cree and ala, and : direct such deeds and couveyjncoa t b- executed - , an I doiivered by the marshals thireof wh -re rial . es'ate shall ba tne aubje-t cf , ah.il! Stly and efhcieciiy e3"e.-t the purposes of this aut and et in the pun-nasers of suca ro.Tty go.l anl Valid tides thereto. And the paid courts ha!l have pow- er to allow such fees an 1 eh irgos of tUeir oSje.s as shall b reasonable and proper in tile premi-. cc. 9. And be it farther enaecei, Thatall a'live of per ons who ihall hereafter be engig-d in rebel- ' lien against the govcrom n: af the Uni. 1 Stales, . or who shall in any way give aid or cizn.'ort thereto escaping fn.ra snsh persons an 1 taking e ug: w ith- in the lines of the army; and all i-Uves ca; '.ured from aach persjns or deserted by ihe nail coming '. under the control of tho gorer l-nent of. th-i Ui.it.; I Statjs; aad ail slaf es of sue a t erfonj foai 1 cn bv-'uig .within any pla.-e ic:npijl by rehel f ,rct:t y of tue United states, tball oe doe-n. d e.ip,ivt c.r war, and shall be for:ver free of their servitude, , and not again held as slavoa. Sec. IU. And be it further enact j til, 1'axl o slave escaping into any State; Territory, or the District of Columbia, tr ra any othir State, nhall . b i delivered up, or in any way impeded o. hinlere l of bis liberty, except tor crime, or aiu otfenee against me laws, uniess tne pjron eiai mo; ta:x fugitive sbo'.l first make t'.h thai the person to ' whom ihe labor, r service of such fugitive is alg- ' ed to be due in his lawful owner, anl nos not U .ru arm ago.nst the United States in the jrefentre-' bellion, nor in any way given aid an I un ort tiier ot ai d no perion engaged in the railiiary or naval? service of the Tnitcd States shall, orier an v pre tence whatever, assume to d vide on the validity of the claim of ni;y p ro i to th ; service or labor of. t any other person, r miren ier u,i any such person to the claimxnt, oa pa:n of being dismissed froia ; the service. See. 11. And be it farthsr enact-rl. That the 1 Presidsnt of the United Sutes ia authf rt ! to em ploy as many persons of African d-fiitnt aa be may deem necessary and proper for the suppression of , this r beI!iori,and for this pjrpo- he my orgniz " and use them in su h maaacr i hj uiy judge best ' ) for he publie we.farer , Sec. 12. Atd bo it further rtact.d, T'nt th : President of the Un'ue-.l S.ates is hereby aa !r.ru-..f ed to make provisieu f or the ir.in?porta;ioo,colxnui- ation, and settlement, in sro a trwpcil country bevond tho limits ot the Lnitl Mates, of neb UUU4 J HUllkJ v i -- J " ' persons of the African race, ntde free by visions of ibis a- t. as my hi willing to i l -e pro- : , im-g-at.3 ' ' baling first j .t a i:i cou i wi bin ti e otdaed to tr e o t e of i i ;v a n-;ii ne.r T t-tt.o.ift J s.t! u ..t ii ail tae rights oui piiri!egira ause, wi j of fien en, P.-. -i i -i t is he eiy au o riz-'d, at an time i: :fS'r ', after, by proc iimition, tet nd t p-r nt mtt ' 1 ' nny ha-j ar c i t tae ex. lag r -'el.! i.te ' any ;u e'r p rt t.-e eof. . r'ion a d a2i.e-:y,wi: '. auch x-ettions nnd ai -ah ti3 .i - a -o oi- -1 n'tti..n-. .is he taiy d.'eal I e ;are. tXLOa.eut t.u pi fiir i : o io- f ,r t 5 I ! i '' "" B1,1"' ' " .im i.n imi nM n ii. i.j..yn i, Ih ""I unlink ....1.11 M'"" . "" - ' ' w-. m mm .-1 " ' " "" ' 1 " " f ' " '.-'.M ., ., . , ,. .. , i,.,., . M I I II ' 11 1 1 . n 1 ' - ' ' ' " ' . "