iiat;:s of aivki:tis:xc;.
;ilfeD EVERY - SATCFDAY BY
" One Hiria-e (tea lines or le.-o) oc Insertion, T C "
Kici aiidiiioual insertion . - . '
X. 11. FISHER,
Busines Cir'ls. si.rllne or '.341, ens year
Cue column onyer - - . - . .
CTie L;i'f Column i-ne yesr - -
Oae fourth column tii year -
Oce eighth column oce yar '
One column six months - - - .
ne hfclf coloma six months
One fourth column six mouths -
One eUbt-h of a column six months -
One column three months
One half coinmn three month .
One fourth column three months -
One eiuhth col iimn three mn;hs
Annotincine Candidates for Office, -
H t .
13 M '
tif' "niorlc. Alain Rtrit
story ' '
I" T m
Ay Ay Ay
iT UN AS
& FISHE U
,.,r it Pil in advance ' " '
, 'if paid attbeendLof 6 month
- (2 00
"LIBEBTY AND UNION, ONE AND INSEFEHABLE, NOW AND FOEEVER.'
Tiaiistent hdverti-emern nimi be piJ for la :vn u,
Tear'? advertisement, quarterly i.i advance.
T la Trartjcieai Aiversi.nent. fractions wrer wi
(V ( ) A ! square will be charged fur by the line, at the rate of tf
i ' VV ' rents th first week, and 6 cents each ut)eineTt week
I f 12 or more will t.e furnilid at $1 60 per
I Crovidedth cash accompanies the order, not
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, MAY 14, 1863.
1 1 i
i;lt s I N 5SAJD
; THE A F F LICTED.
I pll. A. (iODFREY.
..,-1 in France, bavinz twenty-five years'
I in HHII'r. u'ift ' - f -
t Vt.n Medioa'. science. atil one of the crrepon-
lr.-ri ..AieriCan Journal of the Medical Scien-
i':"nf rernianently in Brownville, and re-
).r8 tits rofeilnal services to the cit-
y"' ". : . . .ml vicinity.
.1 tn. ii. "
, fine hi iervice to common practice,
I Hf' (,ipm tl, chronic 'UseaKes diseabe of Ions
:t',e"' ' .,,,....,t Tumor and Sores Abscesses and
''"'":rii er'i'aiid S re Eyes; even partial Blindness,
commonly tailed Falling Sickness. Palsy,
I)yl'e'y UOIiHUmpiiuu me.ui"
w ...i Parucniar ancmioii i "is"-.
.i ,f ro.-l'.leted. cive ief ence to those
lu the Uuited States, aui atterwaras
? He mr l" fn.l at all h-.nrS. either at
n. C. Lett's
. ..r .t his diiiine house, when not ennagea
BEEITMEYER & R0BIS0N,
;1B00TS AND SHOES.gi
l MAIS BETWEEN FIRST AKD SECOND STS.,
imoWNMl.IiK. N. T.
I Hvin"reenlv purchaset the Shoe Shop formerly
' J lt4 ,v Win. T. Pen. we uotv ofl'er our work at great
f,iutei prices. We manufacture all that we offer
.''file rT-AM work warranted.
i Broinvilie.Scpt.27. 1SS2. ""
1 RKOWiWlIal-K, M:iIEt4SK 4.
offl c t.ver
,: h W Mai-. kieet.
EDWARD W. THOMAS,
ATTORNEY, AT LAW,
SOLICITOR IN CHACERY.
I rriiWNVILLK. NEBRASKA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITORS IN CHANCER! ,
Orrer Tirst and Tlain Streets,
Kroiu-avillc. - - - Xcbraslia
COtiA SliKLLKHS, &C.
J!JV i'lJ o:i !.u-ifi .i.- fr sale at
FACToitv run LS !
Irou and Steei Warehouse,
between Felix undEJmond'
, St. Josehi, Mo.
j PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
1 will -eceive Pike's Peak Gold ana auvance
m -nev up-n inc Mine, and pay over balance of proceeds
.,":iasS.m returns are had. In all cases. 1 wi'
xhit.it ibe i.rinted returns of the United States 3iin
jr Assay offlce
J NO. L . CARSON,
! BULLION AM) EXCHANGE BROKER
JACOB MARH0N, .
Cills the attention of Gentlemen desiring new, neat,
ervicable and fashionable
New Stock of Goods
BROAD CLOTHS. CASSLVERS, VESTIXGS. &.C.&C
Or THE VERY LATCTT STILES,
Which he will sell or make up, to order, at unprece
dented lorn- pric es.
Th e wishiug any thing in his line will do well to
call and examine his stock beiore investing, as he
pierces himself to hold out peculiarly favor ble in
ducements. February 13th. 1SG2. -
OF ALL KINDS.
Also, WRrehouse Trucks, Leuer
FAIRBANKS, GSEEMLEAF &, CO.
1T2 LAKE ST., CHICAGO,
53"Be carerul. and buy only the genuine.S
June 12th. 1S3 n49-3m
TABLE ROCK, NEBRASKA
Reference, Dr. D. Uwin, Brownrille.
April H.'ftl. nW-Jy
e7mo6idy 8l son.
LOCK PORT, X. Y..
- Wholesole and Retail Dealers in Fruit.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees,
AND SHRUBS AN U
STOCIal 0 11 x I RSERYB1 EX.
J. WILSON BOLLINGER,
rs? "X3 o jxt e; st
COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
r.inrral ami Collecting Asrent.
BEATiilCEGAUK CO., AEBRASK;
WILL praofiee in the sere al Courts in Gage and
adjoining counties, and will give prompt attention
to all business entrusted to him. Collect ions prompt
ly made. articular attention given to locnt-
ing Lund Warrants on lands carefully selected by
K"mber 25. '61. n!2-yly
New Remedies for
A Benevolent Institution ettablished by tpericl -ooirmcnf,ar
me Relief of the Sick and LHstrested.
lf!:cted with Virulent and Chronic Diease$ end
"pecially for the Cure of Discatet of the Sexual
. MEDICAL ADVICE given gratis, by the Acting
Valuab:e Reports on Spermatorrhoea, and other dis
Hkof the Sexual Orpans. and on the NEW REMK
"'ES employed in the Dispensary, sent in sealed lettei
v'l's, free of charge. Two or three Stamps accept-
Address DR. J. SKI LUX nOUGHTON. Howard As
o&Uon. No. 2, South Ninth Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
December 12, IWi. . . n2-ly
The highest prico in cash will be paid for Stares,
Heading, and Iloop-l'oles. Enquire of L. D.Rob-1
infin, at the American lIoue in lirownville.
Tbo sub.seribT is about eptabli'hin fl. Coopering
e.slablishment in Krownville, and will perf-rm all
business in th.it line, sm-h as making Flcur, Mo
lacse.s, Pork and Brandj Barrels. Will al mend
Buckets, Tubs, Churns, Ac.
n:7-3m-pd d. D. ROBINSON'.
SPKING AND SUMMER
MILLINERY GOODS !
SIRS. MARY IIEWETT,
Announces to the ladies of Brownville and vi
cinity, that t-be ha just leccived from the
SPHINQ AND SUMMER MILLIIJEHY GOODS,
Coiisisiinn of -Ladies
and 31ist- Uamiets and II at.
. llibbons. FiowiT', &.c.
To which she Invites the attention of the ladies, feel
ing assured ihey cannot be better suited in style, quai
Ity or price. n41-ly
The undorsigned desires to pure-base 1,000 good
Flour Barrels. The great demand for his flour, not
only in this Territory, but from Julesbur. Denver,
Central Citj, and all parts of Colorado; from St.
Joseph, Mo., and Leavenworth, Kansas, renders it
essential that he should have B irrels.
Ho is determined to furnish a good article of
Flour, as cheap as possible, and as the high price of
Sacks add to the price of Flour, he is determined to
pr-cure Barrels. He is willing to ay Coopers a
higher price for their work than they obtain in the
States J. G. AJ ELT1N.
riUJlT AND OKN A MENTAL TREES.
200,000 Apple Trees, 4 yearfold, $8 per fcu"dred $60
per th- Uhaiid.
7S 000 Standard Pear Trees, 2 to 3 years old, $25 per
h-juiltPil, 230 per thousand.
20 000 1 year old Diana Grape Vines. $15 perhnndrec
$UK) per thousand.
150 000 Standard Pear Grapes, $6 per hundred, $5t
These Pear Grnfts. not being bulky, can be transport
ed cheaply, and by growing two years, will make gootf
sized trees to plunt iu an orchard. Any ot e can treble
their nn.ney by growing them to 6ell. Send for Whole
4 tale and Descriptive Catalogues.
n5I-3ni Kiagara Nurseries L.ck)Hrt. N. Y.
T1E COXri-SSluNS A XL) EIXlEitI
i;.CE OF A SUFFEULIt.
Published as a warning, and for the especial bene
fit of Young Men and those who suffer with Nervous
Debility, Loss of .Memory, Premature Deoay.Ac ..Ac.,
by one of those who has cured himself by simple
LH-ans, after being put to great expc nse and incon
venience, through the use of worl'nle.-s medicine:
proi.Tibed by learned Doctors.
Single copies may bo hud of th n jtbor, C. A
LAM UhUi , Ks j., (jieeu point, Li-ng I:aml,by enclos
ii a Mp-t-piid addressed feloKi. Ado re.-8
'il AKI.KS A. LAMHKKT, Esq., Jreeap. int, Lo""
Isl m.i. X. V.
i V 2". IS!2 n In -2 HI.
UiOl Standard P-ar Trees.
three to six feet cih, at
$20 pe" hundred cash.
0. 00 Lawtoti B'ackberries. at $20 nor tonusand.
6 H 0 Hudson River Ru-ptierries. at $S per huudrcl.
6,o0- Allen's Rasptiei ry. at $S per hutxlred .
10 O00 Wilson Albauy Strawoeirj , at $1 per hundred
$5 per thousand.
10 0 Karly Scarlet Strawberry, at $! per hundred.
10,0 Bluk Prince Strawberry at 1 per hundred.
10.O0J osiei Willow Conines, at $2 6(J per thousand.
60 OOtl Gray or Big Timber Willow, at $5 per thousand.
Order 'hi Winter.
emaha Kursery. THOMPSON $ HEDGES.
Syracuse P. P.. Otoe Gowntij Nebraska.
November 29th 1862. n2i-10w
Mail Arrivals and Departures.
Eastern and Southern Mail Daily, arrives 6 A.M.
Northern, Daily, arrives 7 rM.
Beatrice. Weekly, arrives Thursdays 6 p.m. De
parts Monlays 8 A. M:
Table Kk. Tri-weekly arrives Mondays Wednes
days and Fridays, at 12 M. Departs same days at 1 T M.
R..ckp..rt, Daily departs at 9 a. M , Sundays except
ed Arrive- at 5 p. M
Eastern and Southern mail closes 6 1 2 p. M North
ern, 8 P. M. Rockport 8 1-2 A. M.
II. II . MARSH, Depnt Post Master.
Notice to Teachers.
The undersigned. Board of School Examiners, for
the County of Nemaha, hereby give notice that
hereafter, on the firgt Saturday of each month,
they will hold meeting at the omoe of Luther Hoad
ly Esq., in Brownville, for the purpose of examin-
ing applicants lor certincaxes 10 scuuui iu m
n. n. D0BBIXS.1
A. U WHITE, V School Examiners.
L. HOADLY, )
January 31st, 1863. n29-ly
THE KING MICROSCOPE."
Prof Horsford, or Harvard University, saya. "it
works very well and you hav got it up very neatiy."
MacniOes 25 dinmetertbb cents in ri Mai uurTency.
The BOWKX MUJROSCOPB " 2S cents The -S.
WOODWARD" MICROSCOPE. 38 certs. Or one each
of the three kinds for $1,00. All free of Postaee.
Address T. Edwin .itr.
n59-3w Box 330 Boston, Mass.
JUST IN TIME FOR
TOBACCO SEED GRATIS.
Send a three cent post office stamp and ret six iind
TobaccoSee.l gratis. THOMPSON 9 HEDGLS.
Nov. 29th, 1S62. Syrac use, NebratKa
American Stationery Warehouse
JOHN J. MERITT,
Importer, Wholesale Stationer,
And Sole Agent for
Windsor and Clifton Mills Prem'um Papers,
Consisting of Commercial Notes, Letters, Bill, Legai
and Fools Cps,
Xo. IS Boekman Mreet near Xasau. ri. Y.
Also, Proprietor ani sole Asent for the toiiowing new.
and usetul ankles:
Oliver' lalent Mi Hi ve Tip.
This Tip is different ironi any heretofore made, being
easily n'ted to any pencil. It is manufactured rroni
Vulcanized Rubber of ibe best eraslve quality; can be
readi.y iian.ed trom ne peacil to another; and is
s.ld at ail extremely low price. It is the most desira
ble article or the kind in the markot.
Hui tiet'-. Patent Itubbi r InUtandV Rack,
an oquake inkstar.d, preserving ink. from the decompo
sing eCcct or light.
tireeus Talent Ink-I'raser and I'aper
Cteaner. the best article made tor rubbing o-Jt pencil-marks. ac
complishing the work in one half t!ie liuieof ordinary
The Patent Combination. Paper-Cutter
a new and nseful article, cotnbininj the use of two In
PlatlV Patent Portable Copying Press,
a light, cheap, and usefui article.
Jlt-riilfc Itrowu' Pis Pen.
a very superior steel-pen, made and selected with the
greatest care, put up two dcicn in a bos, six boxes en
clos.nj iu another neatly Unit-tied box, the most conven
Hit shape iossible for letaiiing.
The ''Craisr M irocopeT
magnifies small obiects 10,000 times : is so simple that
a ciiild may ue it ; is an endless nource of amusement
and instruction to young and old. Retails for $2.
Beautiful mounted objects, suitable for the microscope
are xurnished al $1,60 per dor. ret.ail.
1 have just received a full and complete assortment of
Arnold' Writing Fluid.
All orders will receiec prompt and careful attention.
Call and examine one of the largest and best assorted
stocks of Stationery in the United States. .
JOHN J. ILtSiUIT,
n39-m iSBeekuian-fcl., New York.
luO f the most .-everc UATTLH si'tiMuS .id
incidcnts of theU ar. now read j, size 18x inch S.,
highly colored, on fine heavy pa per, lerit ost-).aid.
2l fur $l,0U, or $ I per 100- Ti asient and the trdc
n . better otHH.rtu ity was ever oifcr'd.
THE 8TBIPES AND STABS.
We are fighting for onr Union
We are fighting for onr trust;
We are flehting for the bappy land
Where lies onr Father' dust.
It cannot be dissevered,
Though it costs na bloody-wars ;
We are sworn to protect the brave old Flag
That bears the St Ipes and Stars.
Chohcs. H rah! Hurrah! Hurrah 1
For eqnal rights, hurrah ;
Hurrah for the brave old Flag
That bears the Stripes and Stars
We treated you as brothers,
Tntil you drew the sword;
And with impious binds at Sumter
Tou cut the silver cord ;
But now you hear cur Bugles
We are the sons of Mars,
And rally round the brave oil Flag
That beats the Stripes and Stars.
Chohcs. Hurrah I Unrrah I &.C.
We do not want your Cotton - -
We care not for your Slaves;
Bet rather than divide this Land,
We'll All your Southern graves.
With Lincoln as our Chieftain,
We'll wear our Country's scars,
And rally round the brave old Flag
That bears the Stripes and Stars.
Chorus. Hurrah! Hurrah! itc.
And when the War is ever.
We'll each resume our none ;
We'll treat you still as brothers.
Wherever you may roam.
We'll pledge the hand of Friendship, .
And think no more of Wars,
And dwell beneath the brave old Flag
That bears the Stripes and Stars.
CHOKtJg. Hurrah ! Hurrah! &c.
The Cincinnati Enquirer Showing
The following, with much more of the
same sort, is from the Cincinnati Enqui
rer of Sunday, the 26th of April :
The Church is now embarked in poli
tics. The religious scepter has departed
from the Ceristian Israel, and it has taken
on the political. To be a "Christian "
seems equivalent to being a rampant
and bigoted partisan. The Christian
minister is a stump-speaker in a house
with a steeple. The bitterest party har
angues come from the pulpit, and senti
ments that might put barbarians to shame
are delivered in what purports to be ser
mons, anrt blasphemously in the name of a
holy and mrriful GoJ..
This t-xiract shows what no one who has
carefully watched passing events can
have faih d to see, that Northern sym
pathizers with treason are fast becom
tninj open infidels.
The Christian Churches, in the loyal
States, the Christian press, the Christian
ministry, the Sunday schools, and the
puSlic schools are almost unanimously
loyal. Hence all these come in for
their share of hatred from such papers
as the Cincinnati E-tquirer. Thesa in
structions are steadfastly opposed to the
schemes of Jeff. Davis to break up ihe
Government of the United States. So
the Enquirer denounces them. We are
rlad that that sheet is at length throwing
off the mask and appearing in its true
colors as an enemy to religion and to the
common school system.
We have known, from the beginni-ng
of the present strjggle, that the vinue
and intelligence ot the country was
nearly all on one side. The Churches
of the country and the schoolls of the
country must pe destroyed before the
schemes of secessionists can succeed.
Hence the Enquirer says:
"We have been for some time aware
that the machinery of party was at work
in our conmon schools. The schools are,
in rearly every instance, under the con
trol of members of the Republican
nr.. . i . r L
party, l ne teacriers are inosuy ivepuu
licans or abolitionists, and generally fan
Bv the machenry of party the Enqui
rer means influence for the Union. In
Dayton, where there is a larger secession
element than usual in the public schools,
numbers of children have been expelled
because they wore on their clothing the
emblems of our nationality, such as
buttons with the American eagle, flag
pins with the stars and stripes, and red,
white and blue rosettes. These, by the
satellites of Jeff. Davi's, partisan em
blems, and generally in public schools
their is not treason enough to expel the
pupils for showing there zeal for the
cause of their country in this way.
The Eoquirer says:
"The time is not far distant when it
will be obvious that the people of this
country must rise in their strength and
.. . j . l .- . a n:i u.
put uowu mis vast aim npiuij-.wnag
. array of party machinery, or be put down
. . ,.r -,J. i .u.
oy 11. 11 will come to ueuuuersiuuu tuai
schools and Sjate it even more danger
eous to popular freedom than Chuich and
In the South, where the rebellion has
had free course, they have not been tro
ubled with this hated commen school sys
tem. .If the system can be destroyed at
the North, there is a good prospect that
the Enquirer's project of leaving New
England out in the cold, and joining the
West to the Confederacy, can succeed.
People can be duped by the enemies
of the country in proportion to their ignorance-
The rebellion could never have
been successful, in the South, had the
blessings of general education prevailed
there as here.
The course of the Enquirer and kin
dred papers is rapidly separating the vile
from the good in what was the old Dem
ocratic party. As soon as a man de
clares unconditionally for the Union
these sheets denounce him as an aboli
tionist, following the advice of their
Southern lords. In this way parties
are rapidly ranging themselves into their
two appropriate classes, of friends and
enemies of the Government. General
IJjrnside's order Number 33 has so far
i operated on he fears of Northern
1i.al j ,:arH not p -Illy UUer
' , ' J .p,
their treaiOU as thuy used to 00, llieir
nolo rnnr.-e now is to look around and
wh1 is ihe luostpowerfull support of,
free institutions, and (V what they cm to
weaken this support. They judge
rip:htlr that Christian morals and Chris
tian education are the most powerful
auxiliaries in a Government whose motto
is ' Liberty and Union' So. imw. they
turn their guns against the Chrttian
Church and the public sclools .
Verily these men an- making a rec
ord for themselves, which thtir chi' Iren
will wish most betterly to blot lorever
from the pages of history. Cincinnati
Terrible Tragedy - in Ohio.
On the 26th ultimo a terrible tragedy
occured a few miles from Toledo. Ohio,
resulting in the deith.of Mrs. Sarah
Brown, wife of Amos Brown, thpir two
daughters, five and eight years of age, and
Alonzo Brown, the murderer. Mr.
Amos Brown, who had been absent from
home some two hoars, retjrned and was
met at the door by brother, who had
a rifle in his hand cocked. The murderer
then informed his brother that The had
lulled his wife and two daughters, and
intended to kill him also. On this Alonzo
drew up his rifle and snapped it at his
brother, and soon after snapped it again,
when he retired to another part ot the
house, and, taking a dose of strichnine,
was in a few minutes a corpse. . Mrs.
Brown was stabbed four times in the
brest, Ker fore finger was nearly cut off.
and there were injuries upon her head,
the ret-ult of blows or cuts with the knife.
The youngest child was cut on the brest.
The oldest had a gash across the breast
six inches in length. Mrs. Brown is said
to have been an estimable lady, espec
ially well regarded for her kindness of
heart and attention to the sick. She
was about forty years of age. Mr.
Amos Brown, her husband, had'been in
the army, frcm which he returned adont
three months since. Alonzo Brown had
been a reident of the vicinity about fifteen
years. He was a man of bad character,
and had been released but a short time
from the State prison at Jaokson, Mich
igan, where he had served out a term
for horse-stealing. He came to rside
with his brother ab.)U he tune of the re
turn of the latter frcm th army. Mr.
Amos Brown is a fanner and highly re
spected by his neighbors. He says he
had no difficulty with his brother, and is
not aware of any cause which could have
prompted him to the corrmis?ion of the
most terribl i deed. The murderer, how
ever, is said to have declared that he
bad his revenge.
Irish Imigratlon Touching Scene.
The warm heartedness of the Irish
people is tcucliingly illustrated at timesv
especially on the arrival of imigfant ships
from across the Atlantic. The Philadel
phia Gazette noticing the arrival at that
port on Tuesday of the ship Tonawr-nda,
from Liverpool, with 441 passengers,
principally Irish irnigrants, notes the fol
lowing affecting scenes:
Upon the dock there must have been
several hundred people, friends and rela
tives of those now for the first time touch
ing American soil. To describe what
followed passes our powers. In the crowd
wore servant girls by the dozen, who by
their scanty earnings, had saved the mo
ney by which was paid the passage of no
inconsiderable number of those who now
descended from the decks of the Tona
wanda to the dust of Walnut street dock.
Among those whom he saw in the crowd,
was a deaf and dumb man. He had come
to meet a widowid sister with several
children. He waited with feelings under
control, until he saw the woman coming
over the ship's side, with a good natured
fellpw-passenger helping the children af
ter her. He made a rush ai her, took
her in his arms, mumbled inarticulate
sounds, and then gave expression to his
feelings ty lying on his back and kicking
upward in very joy. He sprang up in a
moment or two and went to the children.
The youngest one he siood on its head
against a wharf post, and was about to
toss another into the air, in the exhuber
ance of his joy, when an officer restored
him to his wife by tearing off part of his
coat collar. -
There was a girl there who had brought
out from Tipperary an old mother. At
the joy of seeing her the daughter faint
ed, aud was kindly carried to the Ridge
way House for restoration. Excessive
joy afiected her as the opposite extreme
excessive grief. Her transport had al
most proved to be productive of serious
consequences. . ..
People who dishonor the fourth com
mandment should witness the landing
from an imigrant ship of a concourse of
the Irish peasantry. If they knew the
manner in which most of the passages of
such people are paid by the slowly ac
cumulated savings of laborers, male and
female- they would perhaps learn a les
son not always to be learned in the high
er walks of life.
Selling a watch. "Paddy, honey,
will you buy iny watch now?" ;
"And is it about selling your watch
ye are, Mike ?"
"Troth, it is, darlin."
"What's the price
"Ten shilling and a mutchkin of
"Is the watch a dacent one ?"
"Sure and I've had it twenty years,
and it never once decaved me."
, "Well, here's you tin ; now tell me
does h go we'd ?"
"Bcdad an it goes fa3ter than any
watch in Conaaught, Munster, Ulster,
; or Lie'nster, not barring Doubiin."
"Bsid luck to ye, Mike, you have
taken me in. Didn't you say it never
I di 1-
nor did it for
never defended on it,
Consolidation of Regiments.
During the next two or three months
the term of service of many of the sol
diers now in the field will expire. This
will leave many skeleton regiment, as
the men in the several regiments have
been enlisted at different periods, there
beinfr in some case over a year's differ
ence in their time. These skelieton regi
ments will no doubt be consolidated as
provision has been made for this in the
act for enrolling and calling out the
notional forces. The following are the
rules to be observed in consolidating the
Infantry. Each jegiment will be con
solidated into five or less number of comp
anies, and ihe celonel. major, and one
assitant surgeok shall be mustered out.
Cavalry. Each regiment will be con
solidated into six or less number of comp
anies, and the colonel, two majors; and
one assistant surgeon mustered out.
Artillery. Each regiment will be
consolidated into six or less number of
batteries, ond the colonel, two majors,
and one assistant surgeon mustered out.
Companies and batteries, lormed by con,
solidation, will be of maximum ttrength
and will be organized as now directed by
law and regulation. The fifteen letters
of the alphabet will be used to designate
All company officers commissioned
and non-commissioned, rendered super
numerary will be mustered out of service
at the date of consolidation. All other
officers and non-commissioned officers
will be retained. Officers to be retained
will be selected by division and corps
conmnhnders, nnder the instructions of
the commanding general of the army or
department, from among the mosteflicien
officers of the respective regiments.
After the consolidation it is directed
that the reduced proportion of officers
will be maintained, and no appointments
to vacancies will be made except upon
notification from the ad utant general of
the army. To this end commanders of
armies and department will report week
ly to the adjutant general all vac-mcies
to do filled. Said reports will be separata
for each State and must, embrace name,
rank, and regiment of the party crerting
the vacancy, with the date and cause
The men raised by conscription will,
no doubt, be placed in regiments by
themselves, while the old veterans in the
field will be massed together.
We have some hesitation ih publising
the following information, lest some
enterprising Yankee takes it into his
head to viuuiiute a. series .of experiments
oa the subject." Some of the butter
sold in this market at the present ti.ne
would rppear to have gone through some
such process as described beiow. . A
writer in a London periodical says:
Cream is very delicious .oood, yet it
is only the fatty substance of the cow
with a peculiar flavor superadded. If our
chemists can lake the whole fat of the
cow, after slaughter, and add to it an art
ificial .flavor, and thus convert it into an
artificial cream, it will surely be a great
gain. There is little doubt that a large
amount of London bntter is manufactur
ed artificaliy. but the otjection is, that
it is a very bad and unpleasant imitation
of natural bufter
The present writer was riding behind
an engine on a railway, a short time
back, when there stole on him a strong
odor of red herring.
"Why, guard, is the driver cooking
his breakfast at the fire-box door?"
No, sir ; that is where it comes from,"
pointing to a huge factory on the left of
, "what are thep doing there ?"
"Melting down iat."
"For the candle-makers ?"
"No, sir; for Dutch butler."
What fnt i it ?"
'Oh, they pretend it's all
but they put in old greasof any
old railway ureas and bone fat
"But why for Dutch butter ?"
"Because they can't make it into but
here, as Dr. Letheby and Dr. Hassall
would be 'down' upon thorn. So they
send the fat over to Holland ready melt
ed, and make it into butter there, and
send it back here, when nobody can say
anything against it. But, sir, I am told
Thy use arsenic in purifying that fat
and if they don't get it all out before
they make butter of it, all the worse for
the poor who eat it."
If the English manufactures produce
edible and nourishing fat from waste and
other materials, and Dutch chemists so
flavor it so that it tastes like butter, and
the effect on digestion is the tame, there
is no apparent harm in the process. But
it wculd be well nevertheless, that it
shonld pass through the crucibles of the
English chemist before passing into the
the stomachs of the English poor.
A shoal of speculators having appear
ed among the tobacco growers in the
Conneoticut valley, the price of the weed
has advanced to 20 and 25 cents rer
The total number of laws passed by
the late session of the Thirty-seventh
Congress was 173 public acts 94' private
acts 35' and joint resolutions 44.
The Manassas General Porter has
been ignominious'.y dismissed, McDowell
has been deprived of his cdmmand and cen
sured by the Court of Inquiry in his case'
Siuel has resigned, and Pope has been
a J a
Iriah potatoes for planting are selling
at Jack-on, Miss., at the moderate price
of thirty dollars a bushel.
i . -
The next best thing to governing
j yourself is to be governed by your wife j
t,ws of Tin: uxirr.D states.
Passed at the Second .SV"oa of the Tkirty-ecet
PU3LISHED BY ATJTIIOItfTr.
Chap. CLXXXIV. An Act to amend an A.-t enti
tled Au Act to further pronute the ciTu i ;i,cy of
the Navy," approved December twenty-first, eigh
teen hundred and sixty-one.
13 if tuuc'.ed ty the Senate and Hon of Iiepre
itntaticc of the L Kitsd Slate f J-ra " Con
crete mimnwi Wet, That section eight of an act to fur
ther promote the efficiency of the navy appmvtd
December twenty-first, eighteen hundr cl and si.xty
one. be amended so as to read as follows: That the
hours af labor and the rate of waes of the etnploy
eos in the navy yards shall conform, 83 nearly as is
consistent with the public interest, with those of
with those of private establishments in the imme
diate vioinity of th respective yards, to be deter
mined by the commaiidanta of the r.avy yards, sub
ject to the approval and revision cf tne Secretary
of the Navy.
Chap. CLXXXV. An Aottranferrlnr the Western
Uuuboat Fleet from the War lo the Navy Depart
ment. lie it enacted ly th Senate and ILtuxe vj Hspre
tt'.niative of the (Suited States of America in Con
gress asMt-miled, That the western jruuboat fleet
constructed by tho War Department fjr operations
on the western waters shali bo tratferred 10 the
Navy Departmeut which will be hen-after charged
with the expense of its repair, 8'ipport, aud lu un
tetiaaco: Provided, That all vessels u w under eon
strution or rejair by authority of the War Depart
ment shall be completed and paid for under the
authority if that department from appropriations L
inado for that purpose.
see. 2. And be it further enacted. That this aot
shall take efiect and bo in force from and after its
apfuvep, July 16, 1S62.
Chap. CLXXXTI. An Act to en'argo the Lake
Superior Laud District; in tho State of Michigan.
He tt utacted by the Senate and Ho axe of Jiepren
staticis of the Unitd States of America n &ifjres
Astcmbled, That all that portion of the present
Cheboygan District; " in the S'.ato of Michigan,
lying west of Lake Miohigm and south of tho line
dividing townships forty-ono and foity-two north
including Saint Martin's and tho mtjuceut islands
tear tho entrance to r4 Big Bay De oc," n w form
ing a part of the present (Jhelojgan distrijt, and
subject to sale at Traverse Ciiy, m sn id State, be,
and the same is hereby, attached to the Lke Su
perior Di.-trict," and the lands therein bo subject
to sale and entry at the oils of tho land oilijo for
said district. .
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this art
shall not take efiect until three months after the
da to of its approval.
Approved, July 16. 1S52.
CriAP. CLXXXVIf. An Act to impose an Addition
al Duty on Sugars produced in the United State,
lia it enacted t f the Senate and me of litpre
s en iat ires of the Cnit'd Slates of Aiiieriea in Con
grtss asximbled, That in addition to the duties im
posed by tho act entitled "An act to provide intcr
n il revenue to support the government, and to pay
iutcre.-t oa the putilic debt," approved July first,
eighti en hundred and sixty-twe, on all brown mus
covado or elaritied sugars produced diiatly from
tho sugar cane, ther snail be levied, collected, and
paid, under the provisions of said a.-t, upon all suih
sug-irs produced in the United States, a duty of
one cent per pound; aud suh additional duty and
ths duty specitied in the pet afi-ro-aid sh.il! bd levi
ed, collected, and paid on ail 8U:h sugars, noi
manufactured for consumption in the fjmily of tiie
producej,in the hands of ihe proiui.er or manurao
turcr thereof or of his ag-iut or factor, on to.) d.iy
of the approval of this act by the l'residuut . Provi
ded, That within States or parts of L'ates declared
"to bdin inlurrection the said dutio.1 u.ay b dilut
ed, in sucu manner and by bujix otSier 4 ihu l
idint may direct un-il t.ie insarre.-ti m so dc.-larod
chilli cease or have bten suppressed.
Sec. 2. And be it further en c od, Thit hi pro
visions ot this ajt shall ajt apply to sugir muu
factur d from -orghuui."
ArruovfcD, Juiy 16. I562.
Cii.r. CLXXXV1II. An Aet t punish tho fraudu
lent ta!e ot Ue ot l' stage Stumps.
He it enacted by the L-.nats and Home of Repre
sentatives of t.'if l United Statts of America in Cn
tjrexs aeHolcd. That any person w ho sbali wntul
ly romovts or cau-e to be ruurive l from any portage
stump or stamped envolnpo the cancelling or d jfaj
iig marks thereon, wita intent to use the same or
ciuse thj uso of the s line tbo second time, or shall
knowingly orwiilully sell or buy such washen or
restored clamps, or olfer tbesiin for ea.e, or give
or expose tfe same to any person for usj.or know
ingly use the same, or rep ire thj pamo with intont
for the second uso thereot, tv ry su -h pers n shall
upon couvictiou thereof, be a'ljudg d gai.ty f felony
and fhall be punished by impns mmeut no: ex end
ing three years or by tine not exceeding oae thou
sand dollars, or by bota impri oiiuiOLii. and tiiuas
atoresuid; and one half snch tine, when collected,
shall be paid to tho iuformur.
Appuovjcd, July l'i, 18t'2.
Cuap. CLXXXIX An Act in Relation to the Co n
potency of VVitncssej, nd for other purposes .
le it enacted by the S nate and ll'iusi- of l'pri
sentative of the United Seate of Ainerica in Con
gress assembled, Thit the laws of the Sttto in
which the court shall bo the rules of de iion as to
the comoetom-y of witnes-es in the courts if the
L'uitod St es, ir. trials at common law, in equity,
Sej. 2. And be it further enacted, That so muih
of section twniy-nine of an act entitled " An act
to establish the judicial o-ur's of the United
States," approved September twenty-four, seven
teen hundred and eighty-nine, as requires, in case?
punishable with death, twelve p.'&it jurors to he
summoned frem the county where tha the ofTn:e
was committed, be, and the same fs hereby repealed.
AFPKovtD, July 16, 13'JZ.
CnAd". CYC. An Act prohibiting the confinement
of Persons in the the .Military Service of the Uni
ted States in tho Penitiary of the District of
Columbia, except as a Pui;imment fir eeruin
Crimes, and to discharge tluroirom certain Con
vict by Sentance of Courts-martial, and fur other
lie it enacted ly S'nate and House of Rpresenta
t ices of the United States of America in Comjresi
axs'piMud, Tt.athere no persoa in the military .-er-vie'e
of the United States, convicted and sentenced
by a court martial shall be punished bv confinment
in tho penitentiary of tho District of Ctumbia, un
less thj offence of which suh p irson may be con
victed would by some statute of the United Slates
or at common law, as the sauii oxisti in the sail
Di.-'trii t, subjct su.-h convict to rai l punii-hrnent.
Sea. 2. And be it further enacted, That al s ich
persons in the military servico, as aforesaid, who
rMve heretofore been, or miy hereafter bo, co ivict
ei and sentenced by a court martial for any otfenoe
which if tried beiore tho criminal co-irt of said
District would not subject su'di pea.-on to imprison
ment in Mid penetentiaay; and wh iara now or ui it
hereafter be coffin d therein, Shall be discharged
from said impris nment, upon ueh terms and con
ditions of further punishmmt as tho President of
tho United Statcsuiay. in hi3 discretion, imp se as
a commutation of said sentence
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That upon the
a plication of any citizen of the United S'ats,
supported by his ' alb, alleging that a person or
persons in the military servic-', as aforaaid, are con
fined in said penitentiary under the sentence if a
court martial for any ofieme not punishable by im
prisonment in the penitentiary by thr oathonty of
the criminal court aforesaid, it shall be the duty of
the judge of said court, or. in ease of his absen so or
inability of one of the judges of the circuit court
of said District, if, upon an inspection of the record
of proceedings of said court inirtial,he s-hiil find
the facts to be as alleged in said application, iinuie
d ately to i.-sue the writ of habeas corpus t bring
before him the said tonvict: and if, up in an inves
tigation of the case, it shall le thi p.nion of .u:h
judge that the case of such convisi. is within the
provisions of tue previous soi ti n
of this net, hi
snnai oriier sucti coiiviet to be iinM in 'n rcni-iii.-ti
jail of said District, until t'ie deu'si jn of tr.e
Pre;. dent ol the the United h'atisas 'o the crainn-
tati m aforesaid shall be filj:l lu'said : on- t.-an.l
then su.hi ohV.et .-hall be tiis .osed . ,f iA suifor
such punishment a? by said 10 a:nut..tion of hi3
said .-ent;ii. e ni iy t e imn 'sei.
.-see. 4 Ana De u. tux ther enacted, Ibat no rr
S n convicted onui toe u- ci- o 1 . t a o .u.t martial
bo confined in any pen.t.u i iry of the Lu.uJ
b.ates, except ua ler ths in.oJiiiai of this act.
APPauvtD, July 16, 1So2.
Chap. C'XUV. An Ac to su( pr Insurrection, io
punish Treason anl KeSellion, lo t'n so l oi
tL-cete tht) Pri'port of liy'oU, aud fjr other Pu.--
Be it enaeted by the S nate and H,n of .Vore
tentatiee of th United Sale of America in -gr'-
assembled. That every person who shall here
after e-.mmit the cr.uj cf tr-inon giint tic Uui
td Stit.'s, and shall bo adjudged gui'.ty thareur;
shall suffer dea! b, aal all his slaves, it any, shall hi
de lued and made fre; r at th dljrati-o of th "
court, ho shall be im.ris;onl f r not los th'.n fir
years and fined rot less than tn tliaiJanl d .ifarj,
and all his slaves i n-rr, shall bo declared an t Mtd
free ;siid fine shall be levied and co'K'owd on ur
or all of the property, real and personal, ex-iulin -slaves,
of which the said parson convicted w u
the ownor at the time of committing the said crim
any sale or conveyaaoe to the oou'-rary uotwita
stanling. .. .
Sej.2. And be it fnrther enacted, Tb it if anw
person shall horopter incit set on foot, assiaf. otf
engage iu any rebellion or insurrection against. th
authority of th- United Sutxs, or the law thof ,
or shall give aid or comfort thcroto, or shall cngis
in, or give aid and comfort to, any u. h etistiui
rebellion or insurrection, and bconvl:ted th ereof",
su' h person shall ba punished by imprisonmout for
a p- rn d not exceeding ten years, or by a fine r)rt
exceeding ten Ih .u-'and d' l.ars, sni by tha lib-jra-
tion ot h;s slaves, if any he have; or by both of iJ'
punishments, at the di rcti jn of t'v court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted Thaterery p;r
son guilty of ekber of the offences da.-oribed iu th'u
. ct shall be forever Incapable and disqualified
hold any effice under th? Unite! Stat s. ,
Sec. 4. And be it fur Jier em:td. Thai this not
shall not be constiued ra any way ti T.ot or altar
tha proseeutii 0, oonviction, or pun'ahmut of ny
person or persons guilty of treason agvmt the Uni
t.d States before the passngo of this aet, nnlass
such person is convicted und?r this act. --'
bee. 5. And be it fmt.ner enacted. That, to in
sure the spt-edy termination of the present rebel
lion, it shall be tho duty of ha Prisid nt of th.
United States to caae tho seizure of all th estite'
and property, money, stoks, credits, and cTaots of
the pers m hereinafter named in this section ami
to apply and use the sami and the proceeds thsrsof
for the support of ihe army of ta United Siates,
th it is to -ay :
First. Cf any per. oa ht reafter acting ns an o2:cr
of the a; my .r navy of the rebels id arms agiiast'
the government of the United Sia'o. . . ,
Secondly. Of any re- n he -carter aalitgas
President, Nice President, member of Coiixr,'i,
juJgo of any court, cabinet officer, foreign minister
o ua iisioner or consul of the so called ojn.nderi
st.ites of Ameirica,
Thirdly. Of any person acMng tts gjvernmeut op
a state, member of a c nventiuii or tegisla ur, ori
judgo of any court of any of thi so-callen coni'e-ljf-'
ate st.ites of America.
Fourthly. Of any person who, having held an
office of honor, trust, or pr itil in the Uuitl States,
shall here ti ter hold an o&ee in the so-cal.ed con
ted. :rate states of Amcr.ca.
Fifth. y. Of any person hercifter holding any
offic e or agemey under the governnment of the so-'
o i. lei ccu.ed ;rate a'atea of Am'riea, or under any
of thesoveral states of the said confederacy, or tha
laws thereof, whether such o n jo or agency be n-.
tional, stato, or municipal in iu name or character :
Provided, That the persons, thirlly, fourthly, ud
rit'tbly above deribfd shall have aeo -pUd their
appointmontment or election si nee tho date of th1
preicuded 0 diuance of secession of the state. if
ball . avo taken an oain of alijgianoe t , or to up
port the ccnatitution of tho so-ualicl conf derut (
Sixthly. Of any 1 person who, owairg property it
any loynl Stitu or Territory of the Tj ailed Siatas,
or in the D. strict of Columbia, shall hereafter assist .
aud give aid aud comtort to such rebellion: an i all ,
sales, transfers, or conveyances of anp ueh proper-
ty .-iifll be null an I void ; and it sh ill bo a suffieienl
b.ir to any fuit brourht by sueh p r.-on for the ps- '
ses-ion or the use of such property, or any of if, to ,
allege and prove that he is one of the persons dai- i
crib ;1 iu t'uis section. .
Sej. ft. Ardteit further edac ed. That if any
p rson within any Sate or Tenitory of ths United"
the passage of this aef., being engaged n irrad
beiiion against thW government of thj Uniied Stat ,
or aiding or abetring sueli rebellion, shall not, with- '
in sixty days after pub'io warning and prc!a:iia- ,
tion duly given and mad by tho President of the
United Staref, cease t'j a d, count ;na ion, anJabat,
sneu rebellion, and retorn t.j ci-i allegidn-e i the t
United States, ail the estate and prope ty.iuf n jsr ;
stocks, and credits of su ti per-in sh.i.l be Lable Ui
seizure as utoresnid, and shall be the duty of the'
President to scizo and n e them as aforesaid or tne ,
pro-.-eeds thereof. Aud all sale, transfers, or e..n-'
veyances, of any sueh propat ty af;ej the-etoirnt u ,
of the 'aid sixty days from ihe date of such waru- '
tng and proclamation shall null and Void; and it 7
sha 1 be a sufficient b tr to any s lit brought by a h,
person for the possession or tuo use of sueh property
or any of it, t allege and prove that he is one of 4
persons described 111 this section. - . -
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That to sco'iru. ,
tho coui.e.uiiation and ale of any of such property, '
after the name thallhivo beeu seized, so th'it it
m.iy be made avuii.itilo for the pur s se- aforesaid,
piio jedings iu rem sba'l be in 'ti.u el ia the nam '
of tne United States in any dis'-l t ourt thereof,
or in any territorial court, lt in the Uuited Met". i
district court for the District f Columbia, withia
whioa the property aliove described, or any piri '
thereof, may bo found, or iut whici tae sune, if.
movable, may first be brought, whieh proceedings
tihall c .uttrm as nearly as ue uly as miy bt to pro-
cet diugs iu adiuiral'y or revi n ie ca-es, and if said
property, whether real or pe sonul, shall be found 5.
lo h:ive belonged to a porsou eugag.'d in rebt-jliooj,
or wh has given aid or comfort thereto, the same
shall bo coudemed as enemies' rropertr of the Uni- ;
ted State.-, and may b di-p. sh! of ;w the. coart shall '
d tree ami the proceeds thereof pail into the tr?",
s ry of tho United States for the purpoies afora-'
.-..i'l. :T lc
Sec. 8. And ba it further onocted. That th 1 sever
al courts afoiesaid slmli hare pow r : m ike stush '."
order-, e-tablish ?uch forau of decree and ilo, and
direct such deeds and convey mces to b executed- .
.in l do;iverea by tne marshals Unroof wh -ra r-al',
cs'ate ahall ba the subject of sain, as shrill CUy and"
efficiently effeet tho purposs of th:aotriJ rent
in the purehaiers of suca r.ioerty goM anl valid
ti les thereto. And tho said courts shall hare pnw-
er to allow such foos an 1 ch irges of thair ufl ;! as
shall b reasonable and proper iu the promi.
Sco. 9. And bo it further enneted. That all i'ire t
of per ons who shall hereafter bt engigd in rebel- 1
Lon against the govcrnm-nt af the Ln'rel States,
or whohall in any way give aid or oira.'ort thereto
escaping fr m sueh persons an i taking e'ugjwito- ;
in the lines of tho army; and all rlives ca; ttirud
from such persons or deserted by ihe n anl o-ming .
under the control of the gnrer.i'nent of. tho Uiiiu 1
Stat js; and all slaves of sucU erfons fotlad n i.i (
being .within any pl:e (C-npil by rehel force--,
of the Uuited 5tates, khall doeTi- d enpiivrS i.r
war, and shall bu for;ver free of their servitude, ,
and not again held as slavot. "'
Sec. IU. AaJ be it further ennetnl, That nn j
slave escaping into any S;atc; Territ.. ry, or th
District of Columbia, trom any other State, shait 1
hi delivered up, or in any exj impe-id o. bin 1-sre 1 '
of bis liberty, except ior crimn, or 9 mi offene 4
ngainst the laws, unless the person claiming sail .'
fugilire tho! I first make ta'.h thaf, th person t.i
whom the labor, t r service of such Ingitive is alleg- '
ed to be due in his lawful ownor, aad has not b iruo ' '
arms aga.nst the United States ia the yresent re-'
bellion, nor in any way given aid an I ? 11a art iinr?
ot d no person engaged in the military or naval; I
service of the Tnitcd States shall, under any pro- ,
tence whatever, assume to d vida on the va'i lity of '
the claim of ar.y p -no 1 to th ; service or labor of. .
any other pers iu, or tuirender u; any such personj
to the claiiuint, oa pain of being diimisscd frvui ;
Sec. 11. And be it farthsr enacted. That the
Presi.lnt of the United Suites is authi riz "J to em
ploy as many persons of African d-Jfernt as fte may i
deem neco-sary and proper for the suppression of .
this r beilion,and for this purpose he miy orjaniZf "
and use them in sueh mauacr as hu m iy judge boiC ' )
for he public we.farer
See. I 2. Ard bo it further nactd, Thit thi
President of the United Slates is hereby au hriz- ,,
ed to make provisieu for tlij iransport itioa.colinii' '
ation, and settlement, in B: o a trgped country
beyond tho limits ot tho Unttl utiles, of suelj '
persons of th9 African race, rawle tree by the pro-.
! visn in ( f ihis
n t. as mr bJ wtlltn tj im gr.ito4
hazing first obt lined t.!ecoi e i" of :hn t a nn
.l ai"i cousttry i ttic.r r t ito. a d .-ettl. u-'nt
wi bin J e auii wi;a all tae rights ani pnri'cg.i
nf fr T.n.
j Se -.13. Aivl be it furtbT; en.ncteJ, That th -.
P.-t i"i t is r e eby au h .riz -d, t;in litu.vii :ru- j
j after, by proc amition, t extend t per ni wh.v
1 ni-iy ha. . . ar c. 1.1; l n ihe exis Ing
r tii-rt t:ie eof, .r'ion a- d i:m e :y,wi:i
such exceptions in 1 at - a -h ti:na a
niti.'iias he miy dec-d
vie 1 are.
tnj pin iii
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