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Nebraska advertiser. [volume] (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, June 04, 1863, Image 1

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Kcbmsltct SUucrtiscr.
. Story Strickler's Block, Main Street,
S J X V;
iiATj .. or a in i:;it
One .e ('.sa . ;r:e-or ulv
K.iea linaal insprth.-n
Iiuiuss--Cartis, tax liitsi! or U-i, :
Oua column ciieyesx - . -Oue
half column . re year - -O-e
fourth cciutr.n oni year. -Oue
eicbth column one year --
Onecolams sit nioriti -. .
One half ccln-nn sis month -One
f"tirih e.-larau six nuMUb . -One
eiitjfa of a column six montli
One colctnn three rcioi'.b
One half column three ni'n!h
.One fo'.rtu column three m..e?h-
"0?: u'.if?i ciitanui three la 'n'a
AnD.innr..fiii Ca e t"-r Ot'l. e,
! C3
,c I
6 t,)
, i OJ
i sj
-i b-i
is ti
1.' Ul
, rnorniETous.
tear. If pld in-advance, - $2 00
rr"" lt paid uttbe cnuol 6 laoTiibs 2 6i
" ' " " 12 3 00
" h .r 12 more iri11 be furnisbod at $1 60 per
r ..rovi'ledilie cash accompanies the order, not
Bin ni. i"
- -'
' (
I 1 r ;a aOYoiuof
" I Yearly advevtUetneuis. f;!ia:-ieriy in .
kt- ' j In Transient Advi-Ttiyeuieittn, fra
, jV 8 1 .4 N square will t charged f.rby the line,
, lvj. keutstt flret week, aud 5ceuf e-icu s
3 o"r uu
Vt ee
I i j
'bus i llL9AiL5
Ied in France, bavinjt twenty-five year' expe
1 in the Me1ica' t-Lieiice. aiil ne f the correpu
T' -nfihe 'American Journal of the Medical Scien
located permanently in Biownviile, and re
' ii v tender hi prores&ioual tervices U the cit
A., itr and vtctnltT.
.- til"1 "
Hp Ui vv,
4 f'lAIll
to chronic "iseases-lueases of .our
w , rff Mulipnant Tumor and Sure
Abscesses and
rf'llrfi' Cancers ud Sore Kyes. even pariii! Blindness,
, ',' v commonly called Falling Sickness, Palsy,
f.' .-..rii Drsrept-y, Consumption iu the first and
udftce, lusnity in ome forms, and disease vt
"?rv t i4- Pir'icuUr entioa paid to Ague,
nt '11- if requested, give rereience to itiose pro
ncel iucurable tn the United States, and afterward
Mraby , f n hor. .in,.,. , it. r.
. I milre, or at lit dwelling house, when not enpai
Hv'inK rctently purchased the Shoe Shop formerly
. fJ br wm. T. Den, we no- ofi'er our work at great
iyf,:uceJ prices. V'e manufacture all that we offer
. ' le. fj-All work warranted
. g-uMiviiie. Sep'-27, lSSi. ill-lr
0ffl-f over H. C Lett's Drug Store, HolUday'e
t-ock.'Mdla street., x6-ulZ-r
Office c rner of Maiu and First Streets.
Announces to the ladie of Bi ownviile and vi
cinnv that hhe has just leccived from the
' Kact a magnificent w. k oi
Consisting of
I.ntit ntnl MisseO llonnets and Hats,
Uibbau. Flower, Sic
T.LW;h cV. invitnthe attention of the Mrttes,
lug ured tbey tann t be better suited in sty le, qual
ity or price. n41'y "
Caliche attention of &eutlemen dering new, neat,
tervicabie aud fashionable
New Stock 'of Goods
. -...a r . cciu PP1. rKSTIXGS. iiC
K' Mil IjAOOiJ. .""F
Which be will sell or make up, to order, at unprece
''.Y .:r-. ,n M. line will dowell to
I".?.."; . mr. investing, as
rleU-e himself t hold out peculiarly favorable In
February 13th. 1862.
Alio, Warehouse Trucks, Letter
ir Presses. c.
C-Be aareful. and buy only the genuine.-2
June 12th. 1S53 n49-3m
Reference, Dr. D. (Jwia, Brownville.
April I I6I. ,, n40-Iy
Wholesole and Retail Dealers in Fruit,
Truit and Ornamental Trees,
General and CoIIeclinpr Agent.
WILL pracfice in the several Courts in Gage and
adjoining counties, and will give prompt attention
to all business entrusted to him. Collections prompt
ly made. ft articular attention given to locat
ing Land Warrants on lands carefully selected by
September 25. 'fil. P2-yly
200,000 Apple Trees, 4 years old, $8 per hundred $60
rer thousand.
"5,0o0 Standard Pear Trees, 2 to 3 years old, $25 per
bundled, 230 per thousand.
20 000 1 year old Diana Grape Vines, $15 perbundret
$100 er thousand.
150 000 Standard Pear Grapes, $6 per hundred, $
er thousand. ... .
These Pear Grafts, not beinjt bulky, can be transport
ed chenply, and by growing two years, will make gx5
sized tree to plant In an orchard. Any one can treblt
their money by growing them to 6Cll. Send for Whole
aal. and Descriptive Catalogues. &
c5I-Jin Kiagara Kurseries, Lockport, N. T.
rublisbed as a warning, and for the especial bene
fit of Young Men and those who suffer with Nerrons
pebility, Loss of Memory, Premature Decay, ic .,4c,
v one of those who baa cared himself by simple
ans, after being put to great expense and incon
gruence, through the se of worthless medicines
prescribed by learned Doctors.
.Sir.ie copied may be had of the author, C. A.
LAML;ERT,Eijq., Greenpoint, Long Island, by enclos
nS a post-paid addressed envelope. Address
CHARLES A. LAMBERT, Esq., Greennoint, Long
Island,. V. Y.
May 22s, 1862. n4S-2m.
JST "27 B X ! !
The higbeVt price in cash will be paid for Staves,
Heading. and lloop-Poles. Enquire of L. D. Rob-
lDr ' l tho AVucric"n Uouge in Brownvillo.
IheeubseribtVi about establishinar a Coopering
estabashment in Wownville, and will Terform all
business jn that line such as making Flour, Mo
lasses, 1 ork and BrandW Barrels. Will also mend
ajucaeij, 1 UbS, UhurBS, Vc. .
-.-ju-pa L.D. KOBINSOS.
From Rattle Snake Creek.
Headquarters, B.' 51. Ii
Rattlesnake Creek, N. T.
May 8th, 1S63.!
Editor Xtbraska Advertucr :
- In the language of son o remote hifa
lutin historian of the revolving seasons:
"the winter is past, the flowers appear
on the earth, the time for the singing of
birds is come, and the voice of the turtle
is heard in our land.".
From the most reliable dates this quo
tation was the effusion of a close observ
er of nature, and written in the month of
May amid a profusion of flowers gently
waving in extatic recognition of honeyed
notes changed by the feathered minstrels;
All but the last of the quotation's appli
cable to this elevated region ; the. "turtle"
has not been heard ; the 'otrers" are
here, and the "birds'11 sing, . Inspect,
exactly the same songs sung when the
author made the record, at least, evidence
to the contrary is wanting. If they have
undergone a change since that day it is
not surprising as almost countless revb-
utions have taken place in language, cus
tom, habit and governments, and why
should not the birds adopt nesv notes of
melody discarding those used in the days
of Soiomon? Will some astute ornithol
ogist enlighten the world on the subject ?
What would this terrestrial sphere be
without its rich carpet of verdure, lovely
flowers, and the birds' sweet soothing
carol ? Let Winter's cold chilly days
and nights hold the sway, and life would
be robbed of one half cf its charms ; there
would be no joy filling the heart on gaz
injr out on mountain, rlain, hill and val
ley, and the soul-stirring notes of the
furthered choir huihed in eternal si
lence ! Thankfulness, earnest, nd sin
cere, should ascend as sacred incense,
from the alter of all health, to God tor
the indescribable fountains of pleasure
gushing forth from every grove.yery
epear of graws. v-ary tmilinjj flower I
Thai's tchaVs the matter ; we are tickled
nearly to death at the return of Spring:
as serious doubts were entertained wheth
er this portion of the globe was included
in the regular routine of Dame Nature,
knowing the materials were out at the
time it was created. If Lhe "turtle'1
could be heard this would be-like the
land of Solomon; but, alas, the plaintive
voice has not, as yet, been heard on Rat
tle Snake.
No. 1.
or squad,
When the Brigade, company
is cn drill should an amusing
incident occur each man must yell at the
top of his voice. This is for the purpose
of testing the lungs, wind, &c.
No,. 2. At the announcement of "grub'1
it must be responded to by a "helter
skelter" foot race. This is for the pup
pose of testing the legs. Being an order
of the greatest importance shall be short
ly enforced.
No. 3. The use of the word "defeat"
in official communications is prohibited.
In lieu thereof the word ret ire11 shall be
used as more acceptable to the taste of
military men, and better adapted to cer
tain circumstances. ,
No. 4. Should the enemy come into
camp, and say "how, meat, bread, blanket,11
.... i. i
the demand must be liberally answereu,
because the Constitution enjoins the nolle
precepts to "feed the hungry and clothe
the naked ;" he, (the enemy,) possessing
a peculiarity of system preventing him
from earning a livelihood in an honest
way should be mildly and kindly treated !
No alKision shall be made to his natural
or acquired weaknesses, as his highly
sensitive nature would be offended, and
his interesting visits discontinued. The
endearing epithet "brother,"1 must be used
on all occasions, even if the arrow, or
ball, be aimed at your heart, or the hatch
et raised to split your skull. We must
"love our enemies.11 His christian educa
tion, havinj been neglected, daily mur
ders of helplpss men, women and chil
dren, must be regarded as an erring hab
it. Ignorance, particularly, when com
bined with ferocious fiendishness is a
valid plea fer the commission of the most
horrid crimes perpetrated by our most
beloved brother! This order must be
carefully carried out. The sugar, is bet
ter thanthe vinegar treatment to settle dif
ficulties among near relations. Hands off,
let ,em steal, let em kill, but don't retal
iate for fear a " family war" will be the
consequence. If , they have the advant
age, drop your "Jillin11 but when the ad
vantage is in your power give 'em, meat,
bread, blanket.11
Order No. 5. Immediately after the
Paymaster's visit it will be expected of
the officers to accommodate the "boys" at
five cents "ante." Chaplins not allowed
to play "seven up11 on the Sabbath unless
it be "rainy weather11 as such examples
wield a pernicious influence.
The remainder of these important or
ders must be reserved for another lime.
Should' they -be faithfully executed the
organization of the Bust Head Brigade
will be fully consummated, and prepared
; for a "forward movement11
The following officers are detailed on
Baigadier General Theopolus Lovegood's
Lietu. Alakafra3erfat, Aid-de-camp ;
Capt. Squirtwater Assistant Gen'l ; Capt.
Shompogancy, Assistant Quartermaster ;
L L Scruptepucks, Assistant Commissary
of Subsistence ; Dr. Hydrargum Epispas
tics knockumstifT, Brigade Surgeon..
None of these officers sought ''positions"
on the staff but were selected solely on
account of peculiar fitness. The country
may confidently look for valuable serv.
ises from them, if allowed to remain du
ring the War, with the General on Rat
tle Snake creek.
Lt. Alkafraserfat is busily engaged in
aiding the Gen'l in the purchase of
"good skins" of ; which to make "robe"
to send to Mr. A. Lincoln as a slight to
ken of the General's gratitude for past
favors. The General esteems the Pres
ident much I assure you, and the Presi
dent esteems the General.
things partaining to his
office like "clock work," although, in the
start he aid not exactly understand the
ceremony of mounting the guard. He
supposed "mounting" meant chastising
and "pitched into" one of the guard and
came out scarcely able to stand upon his
Capt. Shompogancy has just received
the sum of S16.33 for .disbursement in
emergent demands on his department,
On careful examination this amount was
deemed amply sufficient for the Sum
mer's campaign.
Lt. Seruptepucks is strongly fortified
bthind a lot ol "sweet smelling ancient
Edward" which owing to its lively qual
ity seems to change its position every
twenty-four hours ! If something is not
done speedily to check its erratic habits
a sentinel will have to be stationed over
it, or " Uncle Edward11 will have us. Se
ruptepuck thinks a portionof his commis
sary supplies ' can be " moved11 without
much difficulty, or cost, and the "line of
march" taken up a any time.
General: Yours received, In reply I
can inform you this country affords an
abundance of Beaver. By strategetic
movements the old ones, as well as the
kittens, can be captured, I think myself
they would be of service, to you in your
"canalling" operations at Vicksburg.
Skins plenty, but no cuiton.
Lovegood. .
No doubt Gen'l Grant will request a
supply of these animals, as their known
ingenuity in turning water is, unsurpass
ed, but the object in writing "JVo cotton11
cannot be "seen into,' unless swaping is
about .to be adopted in military circles.
You know by a Convention of interested
parties skins have been declared "con
traband," and Gen'l L. continues to this
authoritative act applying to his district,
in the same way, as other Generals do
their authority over cotton, the conse
quence of which is, the enemy isdecreas
ing in skins, and Gen'l increasing, and
if this "military necessity" continues the
conclusion is evident, that the enemy will
have less skins and the Gen'l more. The
Government is being benefited much, and
the War about at an end, by these strate
getic cotton and skin operasions of our
heroic Generals throughout the Union.
Now Mr. Editor: I want it distictly
uuderstood that I wrote tis letter, and
that no one has used my signature, which
is Asevermore,
N. Bonaparte"Bullywilkli:.
P. S. Reconnoissance of the army's
position just terminated ; after a vigorous
struggle of forty-five minutes and fifteen
seconds our forces slowly retired, casuali
ties, one Bust Head right smartly weak
ened, several others slightly feebled ;
damage to enemy not known, but sup
posed, a few holes opened in his works.
This trail established the fact, that Bust
Heads are not impregnable as not more
than fifteen thusand shots were received
by them during the engagement.
Friend Halleck. I attacked the ene
my at sunrise, 6th of May for the pur
pose of finding out if he would fight.
The battle was terrible, and, as near as
I can guess, a large number, in fact all,
the Brigade escaped without a scratch,
from which I conclude the Lord is cn our
side. .
' We retired, I can assure you, because
the fire was really hotter than expected.
Had it not been for this, the fight,! be
lieve, would have lasted longer. Give
us six months time and another recognoi
sance wiil be made.
Your recofirnoiterinc friend, lill death,
Brig. Genl. B. H. B.
.The President has signified his satis
faction at the result of the recognoisance.
; - N. B. B.
Paused at the &:cotid &iitH j tht 2'hirty-teveuth
No. 67.) A resolution torejal and modify Sections
! two and thre of an act entitlod 'An Act to settle
I to certain Lands set apart for the LT so of certain
Ilalf-bread Kansas Indiads in Kansas Territory,"
approved May twenty-six, eighteen hundred and
,' sixty, and to repeal pact of section one of sail
j Act. ' . '
! Resolved by the Senate and Ilouse of Representa
tives of the United State lit" America in Congress
atsembled, Sbat sections two and three of an act
entitled " An act t settle the title) to cerUin lands
s :t a Dart for the nse of certain Half- breed Kansas
Iadians in Cansas Territory," approved May twen-tr-six,
one thousand eight hundred and and sixty,
and so much of the first suction as' authorizes the
fclecretary of tho Iuterior to decide what persons
are heirt to diseased rcservees as mentioned therein
and the am-3 are hereby repealed.
; ; Approved, July 17, 1832.,
(No. 68.) Joint Resolution fuither to provide for
the Compensation of Members of Congress.
' Resolved by tho Senate and Houso of Represen
tatives ef the Uuited States of America in Congress
assembled, That until the further order of Congress
.he secretary of the senate and the sergeant at arm3
t) the House are iirected to receive, as a valid cx
'juse for absence from duty in Congress active em
ployed in military service, for the suppression of
the rebellion without puy. '
sec. 2. And bo it further resolved, That when any
senator or representative sh.ill hereafter withdraw
from his seat in anticipation of the adjornment of
Congress and before the adjournment of Congress
and before the adjournment and does not return, he
shall, iff addition to the sum now deducted for each
day, forfeit a further sum equal to tho mileage new
allowed by law for his return home, nnd it thai! be
deducted from his compensation, unless where s;iid
withdrawal is with the leave of the senate or Housj
of Representatives respectively.
' Approved, July 17, 1862.
(No. 69.) Joint Recolution authorizing the secre
tary of the Interior to expend, from a Fund in
the United states Treasury belonging to the
Winnebago Indians the sum of fifty thousand
dollars, or so much thereof as m iy bo necessary,
for the Benefit of said la Hans.
Resolved by the senato and ILmso of Representa
tives i f the United states ofAint ricii in Congress
assembled, That tho secretary of tiia Interior he,
and ho is hereby, authorized to ext m I from a fund
in the treasury of tho United states onion grig ti
the Winnebago Indiano, the sum of fifty thousand
dollars or so much thereof as may be necessary to
make such improvement upon their lands aul pur
chase tuch stood and agricultural implements as
their nocessities may require and that the amount
so expended shall be replaced from the proceeds of
the sales of the lands belonging to said Indiana,
which the Government is now authorized to sell by
virtue of an existing treaty with sails Indians.
Approved, July 17, 1862.
(No. 70.) A Resolution to regulate tho Compensation
for Paying Pensions.
Resolved by tho senate and House of Represenci
tivos of the United states of America in Congress
assembled, That agent for paying pensions shall
receive two per centum on all disbursements ni kde
by them to pensieners of the United states: Provid
ed, That the aggregate compensation . to any one
agent paying both army and navy pensions, shall
not exceed two thousand dollars per annum.
Approved, July 17, 1S62,
(No 71. a Resolution making further Appropria
tions tor the current and contingent Expenses of
the Indian Department, aud for fulfilling Treaty
stipuiatiens with the various Indian Tribes, for
the year ending Juno, thirty eighteen hundred
and sixty-three.
Whereas, certain appropriations agreed to by the
senate of the United states as amendments to
the "Act (.11. R. 250) making appropriations for
- the current and contingent expenses of the In
dian Depart, and for fulfilling treaty utipulnting
with the various iulian tribes for the year end
ing June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty
tbre," approved July fiftb, eighteen huudred
and frixty two, were accidently omitted to be sent
to tho House of Representatives for concurrence
therein; and when-as said appropriations are ne
cessary to be made, Therefore
Be it rosolved by the scnato and House of Repre
sentatives of the United state of America in Con
gress assembled; That the following sura be, and
they are hereby, appropriated out of any monry in
tho treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the
purpose of paying the current and contingent ex
penses of the Indian department and fulfilling
treaty stipulations with the various Indian tribes:
For indian service in Nevada Territory. For
pay of interpreter ,five hundred dollars.
For presents of goois and clething to Indians to
bo expended by the superintendent of Indian affairs
five thousand dollars.
For incidental expenses in Nevad Tesritory, in
eluding office and traveling expenses two thousand
For Indian service in Colorado Territory. For
pay of interpreter, five hundred dollars .
For presents of goods an! clothing to Indians,
to be expended oy the superintendent of Indian
affairs, five thousand dollars.
For incidental expenses in Colorado Territory,
including office and traveling expenses two thousand
For the Indian service in Utah Territory for fis
cal year ending Juno thirty, eighteen hundred and
Fr interpreter for shoshonccs, one thousand dol
lars .
For interpreter for Utahs one thousand dollars.
For interpreter for Rvby Valley agenco, five hun
dred dollars.
Nor interpreter fcr Fort Bridger agency five hun
dred dollars.
For interpreter ror Spanish Fork agency, five hun
dred dollars.
For presents of goods and clothing to Indians, to
foe expended by the superintendent of Indian affairs
five thousa-nd dollars.
For incidental expenses in Utah Territory, in
cluding oCco and travling expenses two thousand
Approved, Juiy 17, 1S52.
(No. 72. A Resolution suspendinn the sale by seal
ed bids, of the Lands of the Kansas and sas and
Fox Indians.
Resolved by the senate and House of Representa
tives of the United states of America in Congress
assembled. That the sales of the lands of the Kan
sas and sac and r ox tribes of Indians of the state
of Kaiisi?, by sealed bids, bp and the same are
postponed until the feunh day if March eighteen
hun locd and sixty-three, and treaty or law to the
contrary notwithstanding.
Approved, July 17, 18(52.
Convention betweun the United States of America
and the Republic of Costa Rica, for the adjust
ment of claims. Signed at rian Jose, July 2 18 j0
Ratified by the President of the United States,
November 9. 1861. Exchanze of ratifications.
November 9, 1861. Proclaimed by the President
of the United States, November 11 1S61,
Whereas a convention for tho adjustment of
claims of citizens of tht Uuited States against the
Republic of Costa Rica was concluded between the
United States of America and that Republic and
was signed by their respective Plenipotentiaries
ai San Jose on the second day of July one thousand
eight hundred and sixty, which convention being
in the Engiisn and Spanish languages, is, word for
word, as lollows:
Convention for the adjustment of claims of eiti
iens of the United States againt the Government
of the Republic of Costa Rica.
The United Srates of America and the Republic
of Ccsto Rica, desiring to adjust the claims of citi
zens of raid States against CostKica in such a
manner as to cement the good understanding
and friendly relations now happily subsisting be
iween the two Republics, have resolved to settle
such claims by tnean3 of a convention; and for that
purpose, appointed and conferred full puwers res
dectivo'y to wit:
The President of ibe UjiteJ States on Alexan
der Dimitry Miuister resident of said Unitod States
in the Repuqlio of Cosla Rica, and his Excellency
the Constitutional President of said Republic of
Costa Rica on Manuel Joso Caraio and Frandisco
Maria Yglesias, who upon an exchange of their
plenary powers jrhich irere fonnd in good and pro
per fotm have agreed to the follwing articles,
Art. I. It is agreed that all c aims ol citizens of
the United States upon the Govern meat of Costa
.Rica, arising from injuries tu thuir persons, ar
damages to tlieir proporty under any form whatso
ever through the action of authorities of the Ro
publij of Cost Rica .statement of wViaU solicit
ing the interposition of the Covernm3nt of the
United States have been presented to the Depart,
menttif State at Washington or to the diplomate
agents of said United states at. san Jose of Costa
Itioa up to the date of the siguatureof this conven
tion shall together wit i the do:umant4 in proof,on
which they map be founded be refered to a board
of Commissioners consisting of two members who
shall be appointed in the following uiannor: One
by the government of the Uuited states of Ameri
ca, and one by the the Government of the Repub
lic of Costa Rica; Provided however, that no claim
of any citisen of tho United states who may be
proved to have beed a bel'igerent during the occu
pation of Nicajagua by the troops of Cosco Rica, or
the exercise of authority by the latter within the
territory of the former shall be considered as one
proper for the action of the boards of commissioners
herein provided for.
in case of the death absence or incapacity of
either commissioner, or in' the event of either com
missioner's ' omittiag or ceasing to act tha Govern
ment of the Uuited statest of ameaica or that of
the Republic oj Costa Rica, respectively or the
Minister of the latter in the United states ac'ing
by ifs direction shall forthwith proceed to fill the
vacancy thus occasioned. "
Art. 2. The commissioners so named shall meet
at the City of Washington, within ninety days from
the exchange of the ratifications of this convention:
and before proceding to business, they shall each
of them, exhibit a solemn oath, made and subscrib
ed before a competent authority tha they will
carefully examine into and irnpart'aly decide, ac
cording to the principles cf justice and of equity,
and to the stipulations of treaty upon all the claim
laid before them under the provisions of this con
vention by the Government of the United states
and in acrdance with such evidence as shall be sub
mitted to. them on the part of said United States
and of the Republic of Cos ti Rica respectively.
And their oath to such effect, shall be entered upon
the record of their proceedings'.
said commissioners shall then proceed to name an
arbitrator, or umpire to docide upon aoy case or
cases concerning which they m:iy disagree or upon
any print or points of difference which my arisa in
the course of their proceedings. Aud if they cannot
iigrea in tho selection the arbitrator, or umpire
shall be appointed by the Minister of his Mije.-ty
the King of the Belgians to the United States,
wh in the two high contracting parties shall invito
to tnuke su h appointment and whose selection shall
be conclusive on bath parties.
Art. 3. The abritrator, or umpire being appointed
thoc mmis'Jners shall without delay, proceed to
ex.uiiiuo aud ieteruiine the claims which may be
presented to theni unlerthe provisions of this coa
vention by the Government of the United statei as
stated in the pn eedin article: and they shall hear
if rcquirea one porton iuvluta'.f of each Government
.n every separate claim. , . '- '
Each Government thall furish, upon reqaest of
either of the commissioners, suo! papers in it pos
session as may be deemed i m portal the jut de
termination of any claims of citizens'0' tU8 United
States referred to the beard, under tber,Thon of
the first article.
In cases, whether touching injuries to the person
limb or life of any said citizens; or damages V,a"
milted as stipulated in the first article agaiust thv-ir
preperty sn which the commissioners maa agree tof
award an indemnity they shall determine the annua
to be paid. Incases in which said commissioners
cannot agree the points of difference shall bo re
ferred to tha abitratoror umpire beiore whom each
of the commissioners maa" be heacd and his decision
shall be final.
Art. 4. The comraisiioners shall is3no cert'fi -ates
of tlic sums to be paid to the claimants respectively
whether by virtue of the awards agreed to oetweeu
themselves or of those made by them in pursuance
of decisions of the abitratos, or utnpiro aud the ag-
srrosate amount of said uiro," tw.i uo vir
hoates or awara inaue oy tne commisni,nirs,in euu
er manner ebovo indicated, and of the sums allow-
curing from such certiacates of award as the arbi
trator, or umpire may under tho authority herein,
after conferred by the seventh article, bavo made
ahd issued with the rate of interest stipulated in
the present article, in favor of any claimant or
claimants, shall be paid to the Gov. rument of the
Unitel Statei, in tho city or Washington in equal
semi annual instalments. It is however, hereby
agreed by the contracting parties the payment oj
the first instalment shall be made eight mouths
from the termination of the labors of the commis
sion; and after such first payment tho second and
each succeeding one shall be made seuiianually
counting from the date ofthe first payment: aud
the wholo payment of such aggregate amount, or
rinounts, shall be perfected within the ierm of ten
years feom the termination of said commission; and
each of said sums shall bear interest )also payable
semi annuallyi at the rate of six per cent, pir an
num, fronntae day on which the awards, respecthe
ly will have betn decreed.
To meet theso payments the government of the
Republic of Cota Rica hojeby specially appropria
tes fit ty per cent, of the net proeeees of tho revenue
arising from the customs of the said Republic, but
if such appropriation should prove insufficient to
make the payments ns above stipulated, the Gov
ernment of said Republic binds itself to provide oth
er moans for thattpurpo e:
Art. 5, The commission herein provided shall
termiuate its labors in nine months from and in
cluding the day of its organization. They shall
kuep a record of all their proceedings, and the may
appoint a Secretary, aversed" in the knowledge of
the English and of the Spanish languages, to assist
ir. the tfansaction ef their business. An, for the
conduct of such business they are hereby uthoriied
to roaku all necessary and lawful rules.
Art. 6. The proceedings of this commission shall
be final and cohcinsive, with respect to all the claims
of citizens of the United States, whijh, having
acrued prior to tho date of this convention, may be
brought beforn it for adjustment ; and the United !
btates agree for ever to release the Government of
he Republic of Costa Rica fn ni any further as
ccuntability for claims shall be r. jected, either by
the board of commissioners, or by th arbitrator, or
umpire aforesaid; or for such as being allowed ty
eiter the board or the umpire the Govdrnmcnt i"
Casta Rica shall have provided for ahd sat i tied is
the manner agreed upon in the fourth article. i
An. 7 la the event however that upon the tcrnV
ication of the labors of said commission stipulate!
for in the fifth aoticle of this convention any case or
case3 should bo p nding beforo the umpire, and
awaiting his decision, it is hereby nnderstood and
agreed by the two contracting parties tht through
the board of commissioners m-vy by such limitalion,
have terminated their action said umpire is hereby
authorized and empowered to proceed to make Lis
doi3ion or award in such case or cases pending as
aforesaid; and upon his certificate thereof, in e:ch
case, transmitted to ea:h of the two Goveroui-jats
mentioning the arneunt of indemnity if such shall
have been allowed by him, together with the rate
of interest specified by the fourth article such de
cision or award shall be taken and held t be bind
ing and cjnclusive and it shall work the sam 3 effect
as though it had been madi by both thecommision
ers under their own agreement or by them upon de
cision of the case or of the cases raspectively, pro
nounced by the umpire of said board during the
period prescribed for its sessions: Provided however
That a dec sion on every case that may be peulind
at the termination of the labors of the board shall
be given by the umpire within sixty days from
their final adjournment and that at the expirition
of the said sixty days the authority and power
hereby granted to said umpire shall cease
Art. 8. Each government shall pay its owr com
missioner; but the umpire, as well as tho incidental
expenses of the commission, ieclading tho defrayal
of the services of a secretary who may be oppointed
under the fifth article, shall be paid one haif by the
United States and the other half by the Republic
fCjsta Rica.
Art. 9. The present convention shall be approved
and ratified by the President of she United States
of America, by and with the advice and consent of
the Senate of the said States; and by the President
of the Republic of Costa Rica, with ,thf conseut and
approbation of the Supreme Legislative Power of
said Republic; and the salifications shall be exchan
ged in tho city of Washington within the space of
eight moetbs from the date of the signature thereof
or sooner if possible.
In faith whereti and by virtue of our respective
full powers we the undersigned have signed the
present convention, in duplicate and had hereun
to affixed our seals.
Done at tho city of San Jose, oa the second day
of July, inthe year one thousand eigh: hundred
and sixty, and in the eighty-fourth year of the in
dependence of the United States cf America, and of
tha independence of Costa Rica the thiri-yninth.
. . MANUEL J. CARAZO, l. s.)
And whereas the said convention has been duly
ratified on both parts, and the respective ratifications
I ofthe simo were exchange. I at Washington on the
8;h instant the lime spejifiml for. that purp-sby
the nin'h article having been extended by tue con
tracting panics:
Now tir.tf..re be it known thsit I, AUItATlAM
LINCOLN, President of the United States of Aunr
ica. hav caused the Mad convention to be m;ule
publio to the same that the sunn an I every class
and article thereof, maybe observed and fu! filed
wrth good faith by tho United Strtc and the ci.i
xens thereof. , . U " '
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand
and caused the seal of tho UniUd States to be
affixei. '..,,...!
Done at the city of Washington this eleventh
day of Noveinoer,' la the yr of our Lord
(L. 8.) one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one
and of the independence " of tho United
States the eighty-sixth.
By the President
William II. Seward, Secretary of State;
Treaty of Pea?e, Amity, and commerce between tin
United State of America ahd China. Conclud
ed. 18th June 153. Ratified by the United State3
2lst Dteember, 1S53. fVoelairnid by the Presi
dent ofthe United State, 25th Jan. 18:(.
A it ERIC A. ' '
Whereas a treaty between the United Slate of
America and the Ta-Tsing Empire was concluded
nnd signed at Tientsin by their respective plenipo
tentiaries, on the eighteenth day of June, 133,
whu h treaty is, word for word ss foil ws:
The United State of Americe aad the Ta-Tsing
. Empire desiring to maintain firm, lasting, and
sincere friendship, have resolved to renew, in a
manner clear and positive by mean of a treaty or
general convention of peace, am:ty and commerce,
the rules which shall in future be naturally ob
served in the intercourse of their rcspecti? e coun
tries; for which most desirable' object, the President
of the United State and the august sovereign of
the Ta-Tsing Empire have named for their plenipo
tentiaries, towit: The President of tho United States
of America, William B. Keed, Entoy Extraordinary
and Mitister Plenipotentiary to China; and hi Ma
jesty the Emperor of China, Kweiliang, a member
of the Privy Council and superintendent of tho
Board of Punishments; and Hwashana. President of
the Board cf Civil Office and Mdjor-General of the
Bjrdercd Blue Banner Division of the Chinese Ban
ner men. both of them being Imperial Commission
ers and Plenipotentiaries. and the said Minister, in
virtue of the respective full powers they have re
ceived f rt n their government, have ogrewd upon
the follwing articles: .
Art. 1. Thore shall be, a thre have always been
peace and friendship between the United States of
America and the Ta-Tsing Empire, aud between
their people, respectively. They shall not insult or
oppreM each other for any trifling eause, so a to
produce an estrangement between them; and if any
other nation -hould aet unjustly or ppresively, the
United State will exert their good offices, on be
ing imformed of the ca-te, to bring ubout an amica
ble arranffement of the question, thus showing their
friendly feelings.
Art. 2. In order to perpetrate friendship, on the
exchange of ratification by the President, wtih the
advice and consent of the Senate of the United
States, and by hi Majesty tho Emperor of China,
thi treaty shall be kept and sacredly guarded in
thi way. viz.: The original treaty, a ratified by
.e President of the Lnitoi Matos, shall be deposi
eix t Peking, the capital ef hi Majesty the Emper
or of China in dharge of the Privy Council; aud, a
ratified iTv Ins Majesty tha Emperor, of Chica, shall
be depositojt Washington, the capital of the Uni
ted State, TnVar2 t il,e Secretary ot State.
Art. 3. In oral vthaf lhe people of the two coun
tries may kne- 7irT the obey the provision of
thi treat v. fbo L'nitevf St&te of America agree, im-nindJ-ieiy
oa the exchange of ratigcations, to pro
claim the tame and to publish it by proclamation in
tne g;!itiu-s where t ie laWi f the LniteJ States of
Ameiiea are published by author. ty; and hi m.ije
ty the Emperor of Chin, on the exebange of ratifi
cations, agrees immediately to direct the publication
of the same at the capital and by the rjovernors of
ail the provineo.
Art. 4. In ardor further to perpetrate friendship,
the minister orcommissioner, or the highest diplo
matic representative of the United States of Amer
ica in China, shall at ail time have the right to
"correspond on term ef perfect equality nd confi
dence with the officers of the Fnvy Council at the
oapital, or with the governors-general of the Two
Kwang3 the provinces of Fuhkien and Chehkiang
or of the Two Kiang; and whenever he desire- to
have such correspondence with the Privy Council at
tbo capital he shall have the right to send it through
either of the said governors-general or by the gen
eral post; and all such communication shall be sent
under goal which hall be incst carefully respected.
The Privy Council and governors-general, as the
case iniy be, shall in all cases consider and acknow
ledge sue communications promptly and respect
fully. Art. 5. The minister of the United States of
America in China, whenever he has business, shall
have the right to visit and sojourn at the capital of
hi Majesty the Emperor of China, and there confer
with a membe of the Privy Council, or any other
high officer of equal rank deputed for that purpose
on matters of common interest and advantage.
His visit shall not exceed one in each year, and he i
shall complete his business without unnecessary de
lay, lie shall be allowed to go by laud or come to
the mouth of the Peiho, into which he shall not
bring ships of war and shall inform the authorities
at that place in order that boats may be provided
f r him to go on hi journey. He is not to tuke
advantage of this stipulation torequest vesit to
the capital oa trivial occasion. Whenever he
means to procee 1 to the capital, be shall communi
cate, in writing, hi intention to the Board of
Rites at the capital, and thereupon the slid Board
shall give the necessary directions to facilitate hi
journey and g; e him necessary protection and res
pect .n hi way. On hi arrival at the capital, he
shall be furnished with a suitable residence prepar
ed for him, and he hall defny'hi own expenses:
and hi3 entire suite shall not ex. eed twenty persons,
exclusive to hi chineso attendant nono ot waota
shall be engaged in trade. , .: .
Art. 6. If at any time hi Majesty the Emperor
China shall by treaty voluntarily made, or for any
other reason permit the representative of any friend
ly nation to reside at hi capital for a long cr short
time then without any further consultation or ex
press permission, tho representative of the United
Stares in China shall have the same privilege.
Art. 7. The superior authorities of the United
States and of China in corresponding together shall
do so on terms cf equality and in form form of mu
tual communication, (chauhwui.) The consul and
tho local officer, civil and militery ia correspoding
together shall likewise employ the style and form of
mutual communication, (chauhwui) When infe
rior officers of rhe one gOAernment ad Ires superior
officers of the othe they shall do so in the style and
form of memorial,, (chin clrin. j Private indivi
duals, in addressing superior officers, ahall employ
the style of petition, (pinching.) In no case shall
any terms or style be used or suffered which shall
be offensive or disrespectful to either party. And
it i agreed tbar no presents, under any pretext or
form whatever, shall ever be demanded of the Lm
ted States by China, or of China by the United
Art. 8.' In all future personal intercourse be
tween the represent tivo of the United State of
America and the governors general or governor, the
interviews shall bo had at the official residence of
the said offieer er at their temporary residence, or
at the residence of the representative of the United
States of America, whichever maybe agreed upon
between them; nor shall they mako any pretext for
declining these interview. Current matters shall
be discussed by correspondence, so as cot to give
the trouble of a personal meeting.
Art. 9. Whenever national vessels of te United
Sutes of America in cruising along the coast and
among the port opened for trade for the protection
of the cc -amerce or their country or tor toe advance
ment of scienco shall arrive at or near any of the
port cf China, commanders of said ships and the
superior local authorities of government shall, if it
be necessary hold intercourse on terms of equality
and courtesy, in token of , the friendly relations of
their respective nations; and tho said vessel shall
enjoy all suitable facilities on the part ofthe Chi
nese government in procuring provisions or other
supplies and making necetsary repairs. And the
I nired State of America agree that in caso of the
shipwreck of anyAmerkiiu vessel, and its being
ui.iu ujr pirawen, vt tit ij ; auiaiiu e33ei
shall be pillaged or captured by pirate on the sea
adjacent to the coast, without being shipwrecked,
the national vessel of the United State shall pur
e e the said pirates, and if captured deliver them
over for trial aud punishment. '
Art. 10. Tha United State of America shall
have the right to appoint consuls end other cem
inercial agent for the protvjtioa of tiadc, to reside
at such place in the dominions of China as shall
be agreed to be openel; wbe shall hold tuicial inter-
cour-e and correspondent with the tCi er .
t'ie Chine.' g ivemroen', ( a cnsul r v tce-ctvul i.
eharge taking rank with an iutendaiit ul circuit
a perfect), either personally or in rriiinj. a"i;.i
sloti may require. n t rms of eqial ty vd e !.ri
cal re. p-s t. . And the consult ui I .-t o li t "
trap oy the stjlo ot mutual iO!iiLuun''t''n. iiihi.
i cflkirs of e ther nation are di io-i e. tful v tr-n e 1
or aggrieved in Dy way by tbe.otier. :thntif
they have the rubt to make re; r .eat.iti. i. ?f th?
sain to the superior nfficer of tSm r-; ti((r7 -ernmnts,
who h.Il see that fsl inquiry an I tri t
justice shall be had in the premises. And thai sni.l
consuls and agent shall carefully av,.'ii ulliusnt"
offence to the offience to the ollicois an t ; c";I f
China. . On the arrival of a onsul Uu'ty ncrditrd
at anyport in Ch'no, it -b.Vl b-a th duty . f th
minister of the United State- to unt.l th j ima t
tho govrnor-generd of the pn.7m:e wheie su.-.!i port
is, who shall forthwith, rxognu tho sail consul
and grant him author y t- aet. ' '
Art. 11; All citiitLS or tha Uuited fSi t-M ,f
America ia China, pe&ceally. attending- k ' hir
affairs, being placed on a ctuiin.i!f..otin;r f tuiity
and good will with mbjecta of Chii.r,:,ar r-.-..-;-
and enjoy for themselves aiul overy thing a pj.V:3iu
ing to them tho praieclion of the loeul autliuriue
ofgovernmcQt who shall defend theui ir,ut in
sult or injury of tni sort. , If tUeir .J eliiiij or
property be threatened oruttickrd by tu .br.. "incen
diaries or other violent or lhloi.s pjr-'ona thfll.c!
officers o.i requsiLon ofthe consul shall iaiaellAtd!
despatch military force to disperse the ri"T,iaj)
prehend the guilty individuals, and pan!,!i r...m
with the utoioti riger of the law. Sul.jct t of Chi
na guilty of any criminal act towardirttiif? - e.fi hi
United State shall by punished by tho l -iie
authoriticf according to the laws.of Cliuanui citi-
iens of the Uuited Statcj, either on shore or in any
merchant vessel, who may insult tiou'ole . r woun l
the persons or injure the property of Chicsn i,c
commit any , other improper act in China. b
punished only by the conful or other puMie f.rj.i
tionary there to authorised according to lh d.vj'uf
the United States. Arrests in ordjr t. trial u i It
made by either the Chineso or tha Uuited Suto
authorities. j , '
Art. 12. Citiisns of the United States, rn'iin -or
sojourning at my of the torts open to foreign
commerce, shall be- permitted to reat house and
places of business, or hire site on whic-h they cau
them.-e'ves build houses or hospital, churches and
cemeteries. The parties interejtad cm fix the rent
by mutual and equitable agreement; the proprietor
shall not eleai '.nd an exorbitant price, nor shs.il th
lociil authorities interfere, ucks there be scuio ob
jection offered on the part of tho inhabitant rcs
piet'mg the place. The legl fees to the officer fjr
applviug their seal shall b paid. The sinens of
lie United States shall not reasonably iudtor
particular spots, but each pay shall cti.dujt witli
justice and moderation. Any 'desecration of th
cemetries by natives of China shall be sovcra'p p'tn -ished
according to law. At the plates where tha
chips of the United Stitei anchor o." their oiciiou
reside, the merchants, seaman, or others tan frealy
pass and repass in the imm. 'ditto neigh borhood;
but. in order to the preservatioi of the puhlij petK-a
they shall not go into the semntry to the viii.ign
aad marts to sell their good unlawfully, iu fraud of
the revenue. , - . '
Art. 13. If any vessel of tie United States ,
wrecked or stranded On the o.ast tT Cain aci b
subjected to plunder or other damage the proper
offieer of government ca receiving it-frmtion
the fact shall immediately adopt measures for iv
relief and security; tha person oa botr 1 shall re
ceive friendly treatment, and be erjall -d to r!pr
at once to the nearest port and shall ei jutr ail f icit,
itie for obUiniDg supplies of provisienn'scd vattr.
If the merchant vessels of the United S.'atci, whuj
within tha waters over which the Cair. s i g.veru
ment exerclsds jurisdiction be plundored by robber
or pirates, then the Chinese local aut!?oriii?j civil
and military, on receiving information tuoroof, hll
arrest the said robbers or pirates, and punMi them
according to law, aud fchall cause all the property.
cUIoh.&a -ha flMnrwl -i u -cHUrtj W ! -,, n ,'i,5,v
or piaced in the band of tha o;nsul. Ii, bj rua.oa
of the extent of territory and numerou j population
of China, it shall in any case happen that th roiA
bcrs cannot be apprehended, and the property only
in part recovered, the Chinese government ha!l noj
make indemnity for the good lost; but if it iha.'l
be proved that tee local authorities hava been ia
collusion'with the robbers, che gam shall beci in
municated to the superior authorities for memorial la
zing the Throne. and these officer shall be severely
punlsbedand their property be confiscated tt ro
the losses. - -
Art. 14. The citizen of the United Sta'c are
permitted to frequent the port and citie of Canton
and Chau-C'hau or Swatau, in the provice of Kangr
tung, Amoy, Fuh-ihau, and Tai-wjn, la Formo-ui,
in the province of Fuh-kien, Nicgpo,io theproviuc
f Cheh-kiang, and Shanghai, . ia the provice of,.
Kiang-su, and any othei port or place hereafter L
treaty with the nited States opened t i eeuimKve,
and to reside with their fauiilie and trad -inert,
and to proceed at pleasure with their vrtsel and
merchandise from aay of thee port tany o'her f
them. But said vessel, shall not carry ou a elan-,
destine and fradulent trade at other ports of Chin;
not declared to be legal, or along th Cost theirot'i
and any vessel under the Ameri. aa flag vi-ia i ig
this provision shall, with her osfgo, be isubjcct t
confiscation to the Chinese vernmeat ; and any
citizen of the United State who shall trade in uy
contraband article or merchandise bhall be subject
to be dealt with by the Chineso Government, with-"
out being entitled to any count-Jnauje or protv.i-:i
from that of the" United States; and the Unitel
States; an I the' United State will take uiaas irM t
prevent their flag from beingabused by the luhje.-fc
of other nation a a cover lor the vioiatijU of tls
laws of the En;pire.
Art. 14. At each of the ports open to oommerc :
citiz.ms of United Status ghxlfbe permitted t- im .
port from abroad, and sell purchase, and etport a..' I '
merchandise of wbich the importation or expert-
tion i not prohibited by the law of the Empire.-'
The tariff of 'duties to be paid by citizen ot' th
United State, on the export and import tf g'.-cd
from and into Ctina, shall b the stm a wa -agreed
upoa at the treaty of Wanghia, eiot u
far a it may be modified by trevies with o'her n-t- ;
tions, it being expressly agreed th.v citizen of tb j
United State shall never pay higher dut?e ihia '
those paid by the most favored nation.
Art. 15. Tonnage duties shell be paid on every '
merchant vessel belonging to tho United Stat- en-.'.t
tertng either of the open prt at tho rate ef four
mace per ton of forty cubic feet, if ah bj Vit o. '
hun Ire 1 and fifty ton burden cfone buLd.-edaal
fifty ton3or under according to tha tonage special
iu the register; which with her other papers, snail, j
on ber arrival, be lodged with tho consul, who shall
report tbo same to the commissioner of custom.
And if any vessel having paid tonage duty atone"
port snail go to any othr port to Complete the Ji- ;
posal ofher cargo; or being in qalleit to purjho.se an
entire or fill up an incomplete the disposal of her 1
cargo the consul shall report the same to the cm
mlssioner of customs who . shall note on tho prrG
clearance that the toeago duties have be.'i pai 1, l
report the circuiaitanee to lb collector at the '
other custom house, in which ejvs. ths ii,l vesl ,
shall only pay duty oa her carg, al not to be
charged with tonage duty a second time. The col- '
lector of customs at the open pert fhall consult
with the consul about the ervciioa rf heaaom cit
light-houses, and where baoy , and light-ship
should be placed.
Art. 17. Citizens or the Lnited States ehail be
allowed to engage yilt to take their ve-e; into
port, and wherjfhe lawful duties hare all been paid
take them out of port. It sballbe lafa! fvr thcra
to hire at pleasure servant, eomprodtns, wriu.-!.
laborers, seamen. and person for whatever necc-or
service with passage or eargo boat, for a roasvA-.
ble compensation to be agreed upoa by the pit v ,
or determined by tho consuL .
Art. IS. Whenever merchant veel of the I. in
ted States shall enter a port,
the collector ot cu.i-
cause to be apprehended all mutineers or desurtur
from on board tho vessel of the Uuited State ia
China oa being informed by tha eons!, and w;I". d-!-liver
them up to the consul or other oih.-er ior pun
ishment. And if criminal, subject of thiiu talt
refuge in the house or on board the vesl of co
zens ofthe United Statos,tbey shall b hub r
ed or concealed, but shall be dchve-ed up U, j u.,t-e
r. ,.a Mnnair.mn the Chinese local f,:;i jers, a U
dressed to thoso cf the United States. TbeuHr-
chant geamen and other eitiien of the Uuit4
jjtatej'gtall be 'under the suparinteulouje of. la1.
appropriate officer of their government. Ifinji.
vidual of either nation cuiim m toia or
disorder, use arm to the injujy of othri r cr-u!
disturbance endang-ring life, the" c:r tf th,
two governments will thcmselve to enf-j
order and to maintain the public peace, by J.. 0 .
impartial lustice in the premise. , . , "
toms shall, if he see fit. appoini cuiwm-nouso o.- r
to guard said vessels, who may live oa to ri ih-
ship or their own boat, at their coavieie. , Ir-
Inr-nl anthnri'-M r.f tha Chinese rovernnieut sh,l

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