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'.tr.orrKTiiLi:', Tiiunsuxv, mat 121 s?.- Jigriculturar Department.- Jl. "W- rURNAS, EDITOR. - ! Watctt Hie Markets. '"Farmers are lco press to let produce dealers cratch the markets for ikem. They ibouli do to for themselves and form their owd conclusion!. The farmer lives by buyicg "end lellicg as much as lha merchant, and there' is just as much tense and propriety in his keeping fully jested as to 'the' prices of all article's in which he deals, as there is in the mer chant keeping run of the "prices cur rant." The markets, fluctuate, and the farmer-should know the whys and where fores the causes. How many farmeis in ibis county in this State who do not read a.newspaper from one year end to lhecher. While we have reason to Imst of the general intelligence and trading propetsities of . Nebraska far cers! we know there are many who ere without a newspaper, and hence-know tut little cf the markets, and how to govern their purchases and sales. This should not be to, and when vll learn to do otherwise there will he more prosperity- " ; " Castocrc Goats. While we'.confess to a "living zeal" in the Cashmere Goat enterprise, ire are safe in saying we have ever been free f mm rroat on the brain." We have Dot ...... D - been among these who believed that the . fabulous prices talked -of were going to Trpvuil. If the trice of the clip should ever get as low as sheep's wool, four years experience warrants us in declar ing in favor of the goat. They are har dier, longer livedmore prolific, yield at least an equal quantity cf wool, and the carcass far preferable for the butcher. While they possess the climing propen aity of the common goat, they are not jumpers; and any fence that will keep sheen and hers, will keep them. It costs ft W . ' ... less to keep them, from the fact that they prefer coarse food. Mine will eat po- tatoe vines, weeds, buckwheat straw, Sec, in preference to best hay. In the under growth we have near the river, they would need onlv a shelter for winter would live on the trouse all winter. Bai xse diJ not now intend to wriio an article upon this subject, "but simply to preface en article frcm the pen cf a friend ad brother co-laborer Col. R. W. Scott of Lexington, , Ky., who is an extensive stock raiser, nnd has had seven years experience in raising the Cashmere Goat. The following is an extract frcm an ar ticle written by him fcr the Farmer's Home Journal, Lexington, Ky., under the head "Cashmere Coals and their ' Wool:'1 "Seven years , since I commenced to rai?e these valuable animals as a practi cal business operation, chiefly for their wool, profoundly impressed that both the animal and the product would scon be come of great value and largely profita ble, in a country where - both ladies and gentlemen ate so fond cf fine apparel andlegint ornament, as in the United States. Subsequent experience has only ' deepened and confirmed the first impres sion. The rapidly opening spring will oon bring on the period for shearing them; and this article is written mainly to elicit, and as far as I can, to impart information on the subject in patticular." ' ' Most of the clip cf 1S67 was sold on coraniv?sion, by a New York wool house which had informed me by letter, that three manufactories in the U. S., had provided machinery &,c, and would ex periment in" the manufacture of goat's wool, and one of them had sent an agent to Europe to buy the material ; and to . cne of thera my wool-was sold. Full fcrice could not properly be expected in so novel an enterprise, and I felt willing to ' contribute something to encourage it. .They have ranged (through all of my sales at 50cts. to one dollar and a half per pound, for wool frcm three quarters to pure bred. The animals shear from two to eight pounds, according to blood, ge and size, and at eventhese low prices it is far more profitable to raise goats for wool, than to raise sheep for wool, and it is certain that prices will be equ ally ' enhanced by the extension"" cf its manufacture. For comhed and washed wool, to bs csed in fancy work, much higher prices have been realized, and I have sold the dressed skin of 7-8 or 15-16; yearling wether at eighteen dollars, and others are in demand. T 'The New York wool house above al loded to. was requested to furnish me with the address of the Manufactories referred to, but the request was refused for the alleged reason that it would be epjectionable and prejudicial tothe Man ufacturers to be known in such capacity, ender-the circumstances. The refusal and alleged reason were not satisfactory t9 rae.-as the producers cf the raw ma terial and the manufacturers cf it "gen erally desire to know each other, and are mutually interested to do so, - In this new business to both prodacer1 and manufac turer, an interchange of information, as to the proper.raode of breparicg for mar . let, and also as the amount of supply and demand, was particularly desirable and beneficial to both , parties. I will seek a new merchant for the ensuing clip nd I hereby recall all recommendation f the house alluded to. I have , the address cf the . principal Cashmere breeders in the United States and am tat:sfied that the present produc tioncf their wool is not less than ten Uousand-pounds per annum, and the enouut almost doubling annuilly. The greater portion of this valuable commod ity has heretofore gone to waste ; while to textile product is better adapted to thipment, and while the Frenrh prwt Ccctch etnuft'etories 1 cf it import it from A'sli'.; .Vni ilia neJjAurled factories j3 the United States are said to have sent to to Lure-pa for-iY-nrri whilelilmost every wrll-dressed lady. and gentleman, vr-ears . . . - --.t . -r:-f -.rr .lf:-1 some ci me maniiiaciuitru article on some portions cf their persgn..r:,, , ,.T ' 'Frcm these" facie, it is palpaUe'-'taJ the 'skilful manufacturer, who will take the lead, in, the United States,, in; the. varied consumption, ot Casliitere wool ; and he enterprising merchant, who' will mnL'3 himself 'favorably' 'known to the. producers and the manufacturer in path ering it' up, and in assorting and selling it arain, will reao enviable reputation, end aropls pecuniary rewards. fc ; : Cashmere breeders are -requested to exchttDgeaad to facilitate information on thi'3 important subject, and Agricukti. ral Editors are requested to display their unuorra putuc tpiru oy me cissemina-. ilea of - it. - 1 .' !';: " Deep Flowing. r ;; ' Most farmers believe in deep plowing. and for good "reasons. 'The following from 41 N," a corespondent of Colman's Rural World is the best short article 'we ' . . have seen -on this subject. " 'r- 1. The feeding elements of the soil have first to be dissolved by the rain be-" fore piantt can feed on them. They are all in place, but not in condition natural-' ly.' Rain frees them for timely use. 2. Now, water-tends downward by gravitation, and carries with ittheee ele ments in solution. . They get thus below the reach of root fibers, hence lose so far as corn end wheat and the like are concerned. Deep plowing whirls them up again: The point is plain here. "'3. Every farmer knows that fields are less liable to "wash" when they have been deeply plowed. They' are capable of absorbing the mora rain. A- thick sponge will take in and-hold in more wa ter by. reason of . its thickness. This point or fact is plain also. 4. Farmers.should not contend against facts. The yellow sub soil is not 'poor." If it were so naturally, The process nam- ea in llie second paragrapn, would tn time make it rich," for all agree that black top-soil is rich the Germans eay "fat." It loses its fatness thus: while the graviting rain carries some of it dovn into the yellow eub-soil, growing crops fetch some more cf it up into their own- bodies.' Compensate,- fetch- bark, plow deep,- spread manures, are the bints here. 5. Bui the main advantage of deep plowing is - found in this: it ' invites' the root fibers deeper into the earth. These reach down to the cool moisture during the hot dry season of summer. But they could not do this if, at a few inches under the surface, they should come in contact with a hard strata cf earth. They would have to spread out and take the scorching heat ; besides, a main liber in passing through n. pulverized soil, sub or surface vul throw cut numerous side fibers. This it will not do in passing through hard soil Plants feed, in the earth, at the extremities of their fibers. .The more fibers, the more abundant the feed. This is all plain. Truth is always plain when understood. Thus philosophy creeps on us by the inch, nnd with it. knowledge is power, and power moves the land and sea. , Don't put too much stress on color I've 6eea much dark soil with but little fat in it. Turn your yellow sub-soil up to the kisses cf the sunshine, to the breath of the atmosphere, and it will be, in due time, as true to harvest, as a shadow to pine. More dots soon. We're after the truth and fitness of thiogs. - Where these lead we expect to go. Tfce Red Cedar. - The Red. Cedar is a-.m-udi-more in portant tree at the .West than people at the Est have any idea cf. It grow with great rapidity, and has an appear ance of thrift and vigor that would sur prise one who had only seen it along the seaboard, It is in 6uch requests not only lor ornamental planting, but for econom ical purpose of shelter, to both of 'which uses it is admirably suited, that 'great interest is felt in its propagation. The seeds, as planted ordinarily, will slay in the ground two, . and sometimes three years before they germinate. Mr. Samuel Edwards, of Illinois, recommends mixing the seed with moistened ashes with the view of making them more per meable to moisture. Mr. F. Lee, cf Clark Co., 111., thinks he has a better and easier mode. He says: Put in a sack as much seed as you wish to grow. place tne sacfc in a kettle of boiunar wat er, and allow it to remain for about five minutes. " Take them""out and 'rub wiih the hands to remove the pulp, and the seeds are ready to put in the ground ; plant in drills a foot apart, lVsoil where ilty predominates, oh the shady side of a fence running east and west. The shade of the fence keeps the ground moist. I have seen, mv mother "crow hundreds of cedars by this simple process. The seed should be planted about March 1st in this latitude (30)'; farther north later would do." Rcclpccs. .Cabbacb iir a BAcCabbage'cut up and boiled in a bag like a pudding is superior to that prepared in the custom-, ary way. It is tenderer and of better flavor. : ... r .' It is said by one who professes to know that the best way to cook calbageis to cut it up and boil it in a bag. . It is more paletable and tender. ; '':' '.'r It is staled hat a griddle" may be pre pared for baking cakes without the use of grease. Cut a turhib in two parts and, pass one over the warm griddle. - It answers the purpose of grease, without its disagreeable smell. 4; -i In purchasing meat by the quarter or in less,quantnes .select, s.uch pieces; as have the smallest, thinnest and flattest bones, covered by fine-grained flesh with fat intermixed. in' ihintreaks orUayers with the lean. Such pieces will be found tender, juicy and most profitable. ' ' To a sufficient quantity of hot water for washing a dress, add a tablespoonful of beef's gall. Let the dress, remain in this a few minutes, then cool enough to wash out like other prints. .Rinse im mediately in cold water and . dry - as quickley rs possible in the open air. If soap whea lry. : vueir are SDOIS to hA rpmnvo v. it. sn. tE.vBUER f ft h.'i. s.zi -SEEGEB. 'lURD WJREjSTO VES, TINWARE HARD WJREi STOVES, TIXWJJRE HARD WARE, STO VES, J IX WARE 50.000 Miles FtfncWire. 50,000 Miles Fence. Wire, 50,0$) Miles Fence;Wire, .1 J PITTSE.URG IRON U NAILS, ,: PITTSBURG IRON & NAILS. .1 PITTSBJURG IRON &. NAILS, Meclianic's Tools, Mechanic's Tools,--' Mechanic's Tocils, CHARTER OAK STOVES, 1 1 CHARTER OAK STOVES, i CHARTER OAK STOVES, Canton Clipper. Plows, r Canton Clipper Plow3, & ... Canton Clipper Plows, , Sole Agent in Southern Nebraska, ; land Atchison and Holt co., Mo. for CHAMPION REAPER 8t"M0 WE R CHAMPION REAPER St MOWER CHAMPION REAPER & MOWER The Best in the Wrorld. ;The Best in the World. ' , The Best in the World. Besides a full assortment of everything kept in a first class AND STOVE -.STOIBIE Which will be sold -as low as the lowest IT1 O R C A. S I I To all who favor us with a caij. 26-1 y At the Sign of the Biff Bed Stead. ,1 th plaoe to fcuj FURNITURE f .J AND -. UPHOLSTKY ! ! ! Keep eoniUntlj ca hand a complete assortment cf Sofas, . - - Bedstead, . TTardrofces, ; Beaureaus,.. Hocking Chairs Rprircs hedf. . 1 "W ash Standi VhatNota Chairs, Kitchen a nl Parlor, Tables, Kitcbea and - - J i 1'arlor Cen Mar ble toped ter -Tabl S Unds Lrunge", ' Sct:cos, Mattresses, Metalic Cases, Lortng Kitchen Safes, " - Plain SUnds; , ; Itocking Cribs, ' Bed Springs, ' ' Tete-tetes f Fwinf? Cribs, ' Office Chairs, Comforts, nncs, Ccilarc-trs .. Cabs and Gigs, ridoo Stoli, Teapoy Stands, Gilt and Rosewood Moulding, Sheets,' -Pillows, Pillow Slips, etc., etc., etc, ota. Show Cases and office, icorh made to order - - - ' r And anything and everjtning required to Bet oj nl tin or fanev honsekeer infl'! - j r o t All of their ware is either manufactured or put up under their special superintendence, which enable them sound articles at rmaller prices than eBsiern manuiaciuiea gooas. OUE HEAESE i 5m is at th service of the pnblio at any time it may be needed, and is gotten up in at fine stylt as any i&nuer east. ETetalic Burial Gases, of all sixes constantly on hand, at eastern prices. We are doinz business on sHctlycash principles At a tmall profit, and by attention to business and the wants of the community, expect in the future as in the past to receive the patronage of the pub lie generally. r M'FALLl & CO. J. PFEEETERS' Corner Cth and St. Charles Sts. ' ... . Also. Dealer In Lime, Cement, Hair v White-Sand,' Fire-Brick, Ac, &c, Ac, Ac. 45-Iy-ra,nn TO CONSUMPTIVES. The REV. EDWARD A WILSON1 will a (free cf charge) to all who desire the prescription with the directions for making and using the sim ple remedy by which he was cured of a lung affec tion and that dread-diseasa Ci.nsnmntinn F?i. only object is to benefit the aEicted and he hopes ever? sufferer will tr thi - Y ..vup wmst mm nill cost them, nothing, and may prove- trblessin. Please address RSV. EDWARD A WILSGJT, Kt. 1W South 2nd, WilliamjbBrx, tfaw Yerk Tin nun'? m unutf Att ( r v mm 'tlU JL JAMES HOEIGAH, Wholesale acd Retail Tealer la. , - P U M P S; , In eveey variety, for HAND AND POW2S. -5 ALSO Mi Sought, galvexized irok and lead Rubber Uosc and Pacltin?, i STEAM WHISTLES, GAUGES, LfGnTSIXG . conductors; COPPER, ETC, ... - r - - . i - i . Ko. 13 Third Street, near EJraond, ST. JOSEPH, LHSSOURL 530rdefs solicited and promptly fillet at lowest I ko. S. Lemox. . t ; - ;.- Isaac t. iiosea. LEMON, HOSE i & CO. WHOLESALE DEALERS III FOREIGN c DOMESTIC .Notions, GIotMng &a ISO. 1 5 FOUETH ST. . St Joseph, Mo. A Largo Stock alwavs on hand. Orders solicited foatiifaction guaranteed 4-Ij Nave, McOprd & Co., WHOLESALE GROCERS And Dealers in Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Sec St JOSEl'O.MO. 451 J BAILY, KAY & WOOD, " Dealers in AND YANKEE NOTIONS, Exclusively ; at wholesale. ' - Third Street, ST, JOSEPH, Ko. Stock in Extent,' Variety, and price Compares with oest bt. Lonis or Unicago Houses. t3? Orders Solicited. . 45ly VICTOR B.BUOH, ' Wholesale BOOTS & SHOES Third Street, (Opposite Pacific House.) ' ST. JOSEPH, MO. rKeeps ranch the Largest Stock West of St. Loais,sud is prepared to offer anusaal inducemenU W.M.WYETH&CO. . . . . . Wholesale Dealers in , flAHIABB EDTLESY, . ;. SADDLERY GOODS, Harness, Skirting, i nd all . Iiind3 Saddler's leather an Hardware, : , SADDLES, BR ID. VS, r r: . n: i. o. ' J fliMurynsvu,, oa0,un Jtfarvin S 'Safey. J No.5 South Third Stroet, between Felix & Edmond T-..x , . . 'if si.uisbru, aiif. . . - W00LW0ETH & COLT, tmM 4J!D DEALERS IS ' B00KS,: STATIONERY, Paper Ilaning-R, And Printers' Stock, No 12 Second Street, St, Joseph, Mo. . Cash Paid Tor Rags. Union Foundry, ; ' . .... - i A K D ' " ' - MACHINE SHOP BURNSlDE; CROWTHEU & ROGERS PROPIIIETORS, Cor. 8tli & Messariie Sts., OTEAM ENGINES HADE KJ AXD Jj REPAIRED 111 IRON AND BRASS CASTINGS, MILL WORKS OF ALL KINDS AND IRON FRONTS Made to order on short notice and satisfactory to all parties. A'so agents for GARDNER ROBERT SON'S IMPROVED PATENT UOYEKNOR.-44-ly C4 Xfl u o EN o a:' C3 CO as a o 5-5 JOHKHKOIR. . .:,- W. H. DOUGLAS. PINGER & DOUGLAS, Tlliolesalc Dealers QU.EESNWARE GLASS WARE:, fyQ $-C, 7 KO. 7 Fonrth Ttreel. St J05EPET, U0774oIy; V i"e"aeosoe 6o..e.e.e.s 'J'y P. A;: TISDELLi Jr. Co.; ;; - Eecp constantly on fcand all kinds or . AGni CULTURAL LI! 'f LEf ,'E! ITS ! 'tiS'4i:. r V. . X I vv;vy..' SKINNF.It'3 PREMIUM GANG warranted tbe WALKING AND UIH1NO C1TLTIVATOR3, . SHOVETj AND STIRRING- PLOWS. 1 1 MOI.KBOARD ND HOD BUBACINO PLOWS, WAGUDN'S, REAPERS AND MUWKRS, ... J. I. CASffi & CQ'3 TnEESHING,UACniNE3, STUDEBAKER WAGOJVS, KAVD ANO POWETt CORK SHELLKP-ft, I WAGGON TniMBLES, a good asuortmeat alwsjs'on I fiai.tl, J SASH. DOORS AKD BUKD3, altsizss and kinds. WOOD AN L IRON FUMS, faking mills, nd eTerythins tbe Farmer wants. us on 1st, between ITaia and Atlantic, DROWNVILLE, NEERASIvA. Livery, Feed;aiid Sale Stable, ..'Main Street . BROWNVILLE. NEBRASKA. Dealer in all kinds of Stock Ilorses Bough t.Sold land Exchanged. Stock boarded by the day or week:. The Proprietor hay recently erected an entire new, large and commodous Stable on Main Street near the old BrownTille Ilonse. Their Stock is all fresh and Vehicles new Tire public can be accom modated at all hoars Ai or night. A Stock eorrall with an abundant supply of pure water atacned to tne Stable. 4I-ly - - JACOB-MAROHN. ETercliaiit Tailor, Main Street opposite McPherton's Block, '"BltOWNVILLENKB. ALSO AGENT FOR SIIESSEWIIfflMSI PIONEER PAINT -SHOP LOUIS V ALDT.ER, KOTJO 23 53 m CD IE3 -L H jQT Z" Grainer, . Gilder, Glazier, wJte" PAPER-HANGER Washing and Kalcemi'ning done. a ""a AH work done in a workmanlike manner nn th shortest DOtica. '- TEEMS CASH! SHOP on Min treet, SheIInWer' Old Stand. '"'''ftlr ::-''-HA''f mmd 1 1 ''XyM' ; 4 ' BEN. ROGERS, ' NjT st 7 - r .71 1 vT J Li vLi DEALERS IS lEIats Yakee osiery White n i Vi a T.ntpaci lTrlfst Prirp nriii- tn J - - . DROP IN Corner Slain and Second EROWISrTIL"K, NEBRASKA REAPERS, CoilS SuELLEES, Blacksmith Drills Saw Gummers, - HAY RAKES, Portable an! Stationray ENGINES, Constantly on . . Hand or Order- I LZj ed at Sliort So- tice . . f 'Mt ' i - J : ' EACH ARTICLE WARRANTED!! WE wontd call particular attention to onr Self apement. work, etc.. is fast snpercedi rg a;I rJ'EE EAGLE BRTCK MACHINE For -vrhfch tho undersiened ore OLE AGENT for the TATS OP NEG2AKA. Prico d21o. We i"vite 1 1 wi. Intend maScin Brick the coming neasoa tcJI rul f ia h. the Mi:hMie. We leel tunflilent that all wfao once fee it is trtanageo. price enpacity. aoaiity ol work, e'e . all " bject ion to Brick Machines We WARRANT the Machine to be weli made, of jjwl ou.irut ana aaraoie wita proper care That wita one Tean ai.d ive Harws it will make 15.000 Brick per Day, of a Better Qouliiy tbnn cart be Made by Hand! We do not, as other machines, claim more than the SUctirne can do, bnt wfcl we eiaina we WAaaAXT!1.! 2or JSJcvlo Toy 12-216m' EC T, IVI1KICK, fj ETilAHA CITY. 7TE2. SWAi GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS. We liave on Iiand a large and well assorted stod of Staple To whicli we are making constant additions, and wMch we are selling at prices low as any establish ment west of the Mississippi river. IH THE QUALITY OF OUR GOODS WE CHALLENGE COMPETITICH, rSTFLOUR OF THE MOST APPIIOVED BRANDS. THI HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR COUNTRY PRODUCE.: ST. JOSEPH, MO. Importer and Wholesale STEEL and -HEAVY HARDWARE Vsgon, Carrisgo, and Plow Woodworks. AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. Springs, Axs, Axeli, ShoTls and Srdes,Files and IUhia, Chains, Carriage and Tim Bolts, Xutu w v a-her, Nails, Horse nail, Unrte & iluU hoes, Saws, etc. etc. ' Castings and Hollow Ware,. Sujrar Kmles Andirons, Skillets acd ii Stew pots Bake ovens. Fruit kettles and SaJ Iron. BlacksmltlisV Tools. A nvils, Strcks and Dips, Be.Iows,SIed?e and Hand H3 mers, Vises, Pincers, Kap, Farrfcrs' Kniyes. Tuyere Iroca, Wrenches. Ac. - Ox Yokes, Axle Grease, Ox chains, Wogon Jacks, 1,000 CELEBRATED MOLINA PILOTS! . . , Jut Ptented. and sui-erior to ny fetfnTenfed rand . - McCormlcIi' Mowers and Reapers, Kallcrs Uorse Corn rianterl bulkj Corn Cultivators, Hand Corn Planter, Corn .Shelters. Uj lUies, ete.ata esc. xUrloei2j& St:2aa.ixcL scaled ., . Sujiag m goods direct from th maimfactarers, I offer freat Inducements TO -WHOLESALE PURCHASERS AT Constable's Iron and Steel Warehouse ST. JOSEPH. MO. TO THE LADIES. TOR 0.E DOI.I.AI1 OXLT. WE are lellinj i'it, 5Jar;, Xr and Fancy Goods of every descri p ion, also. Silver Ware, Furniture, de. VaitUe Preteuti, from 3 to 500,sentreeo charnelo amenta seniicz clabs of ten and upwards. Circulars sent free to any address. r . WYETII A O. (Baccessor to Messenger A Co) , - 42 Hanover St.,Holon. Mast. P.O.Bo2931. . 12-13-6m WANTED. Ttachert, Sludcntt,' an' I other inteliitreot Men and Women, in a business Dir. leg $100 to $200 per month, ac erdin to ability. For particalara address X31GLI3, MoCUEDT &. CO., Iyaabr Bloc, Ch;fO, U. I3-3M? '" ' . - - J I 1 ' . . t ' Groceries & Piails, ' (Drockery Glassware Hot ions, Goods, t nrnva it. I w -v n n w I " AND SEE US, Streets UlcPlierson's Ulorir I Sulky 'Cuhimari F O R KS, H A R ROW PLOWS,' Fara sc I School inn BELLS, TenlllSfll at Lowest PoNii hip Cai.r. Ir4 Pom v5 - R.ikinj or Dropplne Jtcpr. whirb for esy d-init, mu utber. Price of combined Jla lire 19 .. Al . the Machii.e in rperation an lears the ea tutiii) will thr.w ai 3e 'be old war of mlcin Brick br hwd r.i and Fancy I '"" and Retail Dealer in Iron Ox Shoe nail, Shorels and Pik,G.!d Pd, e. FAIRBANKS' STANDI9 SCALES, - t9 ALLXIM3. FAIKUANKS, GREENiEAF & CO. OH f - I. Phii-?0. 203 Market Mreei,cw - rxT ES CXRE7TL TO ECT OaLY TBS CKSCU. B rooms, Salt, Az&s. r' L1 XT B jteB' V m I 1 P?X pry C Con J5E1 GI pii ! ,'Cr, , Dr ! Isr, i Of I the g I i root f (rri AT OF tte Tl A I. w Att At! J L I he H to .to; th .c.