'.tr.orrKTiiLi:', Tiiunsuxv, mat 121 s?.-
Jl. "W- rURNAS, EDITOR.
- ! Watctt Hie Markets.
'"Farmers are lco press to let produce
dealers cratch the markets for ikem.
They ibouli do to for themselves and
form their owd conclusion!. The farmer
lives by buyicg "end lellicg as much as
lha merchant, and there' is just as much
tense and propriety in his keeping fully
jested as to 'the' prices of all article's in
which he deals, as there is in the mer
chant keeping run of the "prices cur
rant." The markets, fluctuate, and the
farmer-should know the whys and where
fores the causes. How many farmeis
in ibis county in this State who do not
read a.newspaper from one year end to
lhecher. While we have reason to
Imst of the general intelligence and
trading propetsities of . Nebraska far
cers! we know there are many who ere
without a newspaper, and hence-know
tut little cf the markets, and how to
govern their purchases and sales. This
should not be to, and when vll learn to
do otherwise there will he more prosperity-
" ; "
While we'.confess to a "living zeal"
in the Cashmere Goat enterprise, ire are
safe in saying we have ever been free
f mm rroat on the brain." We have Dot
...... D -
been among these who believed that the
. fabulous prices talked -of were going to
Trpvuil. If the trice of the clip should
ever get as low as sheep's wool, four
years experience warrants us in declar
ing in favor of the goat. They are har
dier, longer livedmore prolific, yield at
least an equal quantity cf wool, and the
carcass far preferable for the butcher.
While they possess the climing propen
aity of the common goat, they are not
jumpers; and any fence that will keep
sheen and hers, will keep them. It costs
ft W . ' ...
less to keep them, from the fact that they
prefer coarse food. Mine will eat po-
tatoe vines, weeds, buckwheat straw, Sec,
in preference to best hay. In the under
growth we have near the river, they
would need onlv a shelter for winter
would live on the trouse all winter. Bai
xse diJ not now intend to wriio an article
upon this subject, "but simply to preface
en article frcm the pen cf a friend ad
brother co-laborer Col. R. W. Scott of
Lexington, , Ky., who is an extensive
stock raiser, nnd has had seven years
experience in raising the Cashmere Goat.
The following is an extract frcm an ar
ticle written by him fcr the Farmer's
Home Journal, Lexington, Ky., under
the head "Cashmere Coals and their
"Seven years , since I commenced to
rai?e these valuable animals as a practi
cal business operation, chiefly for their
wool, profoundly impressed that both the
animal and the product would scon be
come of great value and largely profita
ble, in a country where - both ladies and
gentlemen ate so fond cf fine apparel
andlegint ornament, as in the United
States. Subsequent experience has only
' deepened and confirmed the first impres
sion. The rapidly opening spring will
oon bring on the period for shearing
them; and this article is written mainly
to elicit, and as far as I can, to impart
information on the subject in patticular."
' ' Most of the clip cf 1S67 was sold on
coraniv?sion, by a New York wool house
which had informed me by letter, that
three manufactories in the U. S., had
provided machinery &,c, and would ex
periment in" the manufacture of goat's
wool, and one of them had sent an agent
to Europe to buy the material ; and to
. cne of thera my wool-was sold. Full
fcrice could not properly be expected in so
novel an enterprise, and I felt willing to
' contribute something to encourage it.
.They have ranged (through all of my
sales at 50cts. to one dollar and a half
per pound, for wool frcm three quarters
to pure bred. The animals shear from
two to eight pounds, according to blood,
ge and size, and at eventhese low prices
it is far more profitable to raise goats
for wool, than to raise sheep for wool,
and it is certain that prices will be equ
ally ' enhanced by the extension"" cf its
For comhed and washed wool, to bs
csed in fancy work, much higher prices
have been realized, and I have sold the
dressed skin of 7-8 or 15-16; yearling
wether at eighteen dollars, and others are
T 'The New York wool house above al
loded to. was requested to furnish me
with the address of the Manufactories
referred to, but the request was refused
for the alleged reason that it would be
epjectionable and prejudicial tothe Man
ufacturers to be known in such capacity,
ender-the circumstances. The refusal
and alleged reason were not satisfactory
t9 rae.-as the producers cf the raw ma
terial and the manufacturers cf it "gen
erally desire to know each other, and are
mutually interested to do so, - In this new
business to both prodacer1 and manufac
turer, an interchange of information, as
to the proper.raode of breparicg for mar
. let, and also as the amount of supply
and demand, was particularly desirable
and beneficial to both , parties. I will
seek a new merchant for the ensuing clip
nd I hereby recall all recommendation
f the house alluded to.
I have , the address cf the . principal
Cashmere breeders in the United States
and am tat:sfied that the present produc
tioncf their wool is not less than ten
Uousand-pounds per annum, and the
enouut almost doubling annuilly. The
greater portion of this valuable commod
ity has heretofore gone to waste ; while
to textile product is better adapted to
thipment, and while the Frenrh prwt
1 cf it import it from
A'sli'.; .Vni ilia neJjAurled factories j3
the United States are said to have sent to
to Lure-pa for-iY-nrri whilelilmost every
wrll-dressed lady. and gentleman, vr-ears
. . . - --.t . -r:-f -.rr .lf:-1
some ci me maniiiaciuitru
some portions cf their persgn..r:,, , ,.T
' 'Frcm these" facie, it is palpaUe'-'taJ
the 'skilful manufacturer, who will take
the lead, in, the United States,, in; the.
varied consumption, ot Casliitere wool ;
and he enterprising merchant, who' will
mnL'3 himself 'favorably' 'known to the.
producers and the manufacturer in path
ering it' up, and in assorting and selling
it arain, will reao enviable reputation,
end aropls pecuniary rewards. fc ;
: Cashmere breeders are -requested to
exchttDgeaad to facilitate information
on thi'3 important subject, and Agricukti.
ral Editors are requested to display their
unuorra putuc tpiru oy me cissemina-.
ilea of - it. - 1 .' !';:
" Deep Flowing. r ;;
' Most farmers believe in deep plowing.
and for good "reasons. 'The following
from 41 N," a corespondent of Colman's
Rural World is the best short article 'we
' . .
have seen -on this subject. " 'r-
1. The feeding elements of the soil
have first to be dissolved by the rain be-"
fore piantt can feed on them. They are
all in place, but not in condition natural-'
ly.' Rain frees them for timely use.
2. Now, water-tends downward by
gravitation, and carries with ittheee ele
ments in solution. . They get thus below
the reach of root fibers, hence lose so
far as corn end wheat and the like are
concerned. Deep plowing whirls them
up again: The point is plain here.
"'3. Every farmer knows that fields are
less liable to "wash" when they have
been deeply plowed. They' are capable
of absorbing the mora rain. A- thick
sponge will take in and-hold in more wa
ter by. reason of . its thickness. This
point or fact is plain also.
4. Farmers.should not contend against
facts. The yellow sub soil is not 'poor."
If it were so naturally, The process nam-
ea in llie second paragrapn, would tn
time make it rich," for all agree that
black top-soil is rich the Germans eay
"fat." It loses its fatness thus: while
the graviting rain carries some of it
dovn into the yellow eub-soil, growing
crops fetch some more cf it up into their
own- bodies.' Compensate,- fetch- bark,
plow deep,- spread manures, are the
5. Bui the main advantage of deep
plowing is - found in this: it ' invites' the
root fibers deeper into the earth. These
reach down to the cool moisture during
the hot dry season of summer. But they
could not do this if, at a few inches under
the surface, they should come in contact
with a hard strata cf earth. They would
have to spread out and take the scorching
heat ; besides, a main liber in passing
through n. pulverized soil, sub or surface
vul throw cut numerous side fibers.
This it will not do in passing through
hard soil Plants feed, in the earth, at
the extremities of their fibers. .The
more fibers, the more abundant the feed.
This is all plain. Truth is always plain
when understood. Thus philosophy
creeps on us by the inch, nnd with it.
knowledge is power, and power moves
the land and sea. ,
Don't put too much stress on color
I've 6eea much dark soil with but little
fat in it. Turn your yellow sub-soil up
to the kisses cf the sunshine, to the
breath of the atmosphere, and it will be,
in due time, as true to harvest, as a
shadow to pine.
More dots soon. We're after the
truth and fitness of thiogs. - Where
these lead we expect to go.
Tfce Red Cedar. -
The Red. Cedar is a-.m-udi-more in
portant tree at the .West than people at
the Est have any idea cf. It grow
with great rapidity, and has an appear
ance of thrift and vigor that would sur
prise one who had only seen it along the
seaboard, It is in 6uch requests not only
lor ornamental planting, but for econom
ical purpose of shelter, to both of 'which
uses it is admirably suited, that 'great
interest is felt in its propagation. The
seeds, as planted ordinarily, will slay in
the ground two, . and sometimes three
years before they germinate. Mr.
Samuel Edwards, of Illinois, recommends
mixing the seed with moistened ashes
with the view of making them more per
meable to moisture. Mr. F. Lee, cf
Clark Co., 111., thinks he has a better
and easier mode. He says: Put in a
sack as much seed as you wish to grow.
place tne sacfc in a kettle of boiunar wat
er, and allow it to remain for about five
minutes. " Take them""out and 'rub wiih
the hands to remove the pulp, and the
seeds are ready to put in the ground ;
plant in drills a foot apart, lVsoil where
ilty predominates, oh the shady side of a
fence running east and west. The
shade of the fence keeps the ground
moist. I have seen, mv mother "crow
hundreds of cedars by this simple process.
The seed should be planted about March
1st in this latitude (30)'; farther north
later would do."
.Cabbacb iir a BAcCabbage'cut
up and boiled in a bag like a pudding is
superior to that prepared in the custom-,
ary way. It is tenderer and of better
flavor. : ... r .'
It is said by one who professes to know
that the best way to cook calbageis to
cut it up and boil it in a bag. . It is more
paletable and tender. ; '':' '.'r
It is staled hat a griddle" may be pre
pared for baking cakes without the use of
grease. Cut a turhib in two parts and,
pass one over the warm griddle. - It
answers the purpose of grease, without
its disagreeable smell. 4; -i
In purchasing meat by the quarter or
in less,quantnes .select, s.uch pieces; as
have the smallest, thinnest and flattest
bones, covered by fine-grained flesh with
fat intermixed. in' ihintreaks orUayers
with the lean. Such pieces will be found
tender, juicy and most profitable. '
' To a sufficient quantity of hot water
for washing a dress, add a tablespoonful
of beef's gall. Let the dress, remain in
this a few minutes, then cool enough to
wash out like other prints. .Rinse im
mediately in cold water and . dry - as
quickley rs possible in the open air. If
soap whea lry. :
vueir are SDOIS to hA rpmnvo
v. it. sn. tE.vBUER f ft h.'i. s.zi
'lURD WJREjSTO VES, TINWARE
HARD WJREi STOVES, TIXWJJRE
HARD WARE, STO VES, J IX WARE
50.000 Miles FtfncWire.
50,000 Miles Fence. Wire,
50,0$) Miles Fence;Wire,
J PITTSE.URG IRON U NAILS,
,: PITTSBURG IRON & NAILS.
.1 PITTSBJURG IRON &. NAILS,
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
1 1 CHARTER OAK STOVES,
i CHARTER OAK STOVES,
Canton Clipper. Plows, r
Canton Clipper Plow3, & ...
Canton Clipper Plows, ,
Sole Agent in Southern Nebraska,
; land Atchison and Holt co., Mo. for
CHAMPION REAPER 8t"M0 WE R
CHAMPION REAPER St MOWER
CHAMPION REAPER & MOWER
The Best in the Wrorld.
;The Best in the World.
' , The Best in the World.
Besides a full assortment of everything
kept in a first class
Which will be sold -as low as the lowest
IT1 O R C A. S I I
To all who favor us with a caij. 26-1 y
At the Sign of the
Biff Bed Stead.
,1 th plaoe to fcuj
-. UPHOLSTKY ! ! !
Keep eoniUntlj ca hand a complete assortment cf
. - - Bedstead, . TTardrofces, ;
Beaureaus,.. Hocking Chairs
Rprircs hedf. . 1 "W ash Standi
- - J i
Kitchen Safes, " -
Plain SUnds; , ;
Itocking Cribs, '
Bed Springs, ' '
f Fwinf? Cribs,
' Office Chairs,
Cabs and Gigs,
ridoo Stoli, Teapoy Stands,
Gilt and Rosewood Moulding, Sheets,' -Pillows,
Pillow Slips, etc., etc., etc, ota.
Show Cases and office, icorh made to order
- - - ' r
And anything and everjtning required to Bet oj
nl tin or fanev honsekeer infl'! -
j r o t
All of their ware is either manufactured or put
up under their special superintendence, which
enable them sound articles at rmaller prices than
eBsiern manuiaciuiea gooas.
is at th service of the pnblio at any time it may
be needed, and is gotten up in at fine stylt as any
ETetalic Burial Gases,
of all sixes constantly on hand, at eastern prices.
We are doinz business on sHctlycash principles
At a tmall profit, and by attention to business and
the wants of the community, expect in the future
as in the past to receive the patronage of the pub
lie generally. r
M'FALLl & CO.
Corner Cth and St. Charles Sts.
. Also. Dealer In
Lime, Cement, Hair
Ac, &c, Ac, Ac.
The REV. EDWARD A WILSON1 will a
(free cf charge) to all who desire the prescription
with the directions for making and using the sim
ple remedy by which he was cured of a lung affec
tion and that dread-diseasa Ci.nsnmntinn F?i.
only object is to benefit the aEicted and he hopes
ever? sufferer will tr thi
- Y ..vup wmst mm nill
cost them, nothing, and may prove- trblessin.
Please address RSV. EDWARD A WILSGJT,
Kt. 1W South 2nd, WilliamjbBrx, tfaw Yerk
Wholesale acd Retail Tealer la.
, - P U M P S; ,
In eveey variety, for HAND AND POW2S.
Mi Sought, galvexized irok and lead
Rubber Uosc and Pacltin?,
STEAM WHISTLES, GAUGES, LfGnTSIXG
. conductors; COPPER, ETC, ... -
r - - . i - i .
Ko. 13 Third Street, near EJraond,
ST. JOSEPH, LHSSOURL
530rdefs solicited and promptly fillet at lowest
ko. S. Lemox. . t ; - ;.- Isaac t. iiosea.
LEMON, HOSE i & CO.
WHOLESALE DEALERS III
FOREIGN c DOMESTIC
.Notions, GIotMng &a
ISO. 1 5 FOUETH ST.
. St Joseph, Mo.
A Largo Stock alwavs on hand. Orders solicited
foatiifaction guaranteed 4-Ij
Nave, McOprd & Co.,
And Dealers in
Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Sec
St JOSEl'O.MO. 451 J
BAILY, KAY & WOOD,
" Dealers in
Exclusively ; at wholesale.
' - Third Street, ST, JOSEPH, Ko.
Stock in Extent,' Variety, and price Compares
with oest bt. Lonis or Unicago Houses.
t3? Orders Solicited. . 45ly
BOOTS & SHOES
Third Street, (Opposite Pacific House.)
' ST. JOSEPH, MO.
rKeeps ranch the Largest Stock West of St.
Loais,sud is prepared to offer anusaal inducemenU
. . . . . Wholesale Dealers in ,
. ;. SADDLERY GOODS,
Harness, Skirting, i nd all . Iiind3
Saddler's leather an Hardware,
: , SADDLES, BR ID. VS,
r r: . n: i. o. ' J
Jtfarvin S 'Safey.
No.5 South Third Stroet, between Felix & Edmond
T-..x , .
. 'if si.uisbru, aiif. . . -
W00LW0ETH & COLT,
4J!D DEALERS IS '
And Printers' Stock,
No 12 Second Street, St, Joseph, Mo.
. Cash Paid Tor Rags.
; ' . .... - i A K D ' " ' -
BURNSlDE; CROWTHEU & ROGERS
Cor. 8tli & Messariie Sts.,
OTEAM ENGINES HADE
KJ AXD Jj REPAIRED 111
IRON AND BRASS CASTINGS,
MILL WORKS OF ALL KINDS
Made to order on short notice and satisfactory to
all parties. A'so agents for GARDNER ROBERT
SON'S IMPROVED PATENT UOYEKNOR.-44-ly
JOHKHKOIR. . .:,-
W. H. DOUGLAS.
PINGER & DOUGLAS,
GLASS WARE:, fyQ $-C,
7 KO. 7 Fonrth Ttreel.
St J05EPET, U0774oIy; V
i"e"aeosoe 6o..e.e.e.s 'J'y
P. A;: TISDELLi Jr. Co.;
;; - Eecp constantly on fcand all kinds or .
AGni CULTURAL LI! 'f LEf ,'E! ITS !
'tiS'4i:. r V. .
SKINNF.It'3 PREMIUM GANG warranted tbe
WALKING AND UIH1NO C1TLTIVATOR3, .
SHOVETj AND STIRRING- PLOWS. 1 1
MOI.KBOARD ND HOD BUBACINO PLOWS,
WAGUDN'S, REAPERS AND MUWKRS, ...
J. I. CASffi & CQ'3 TnEESHING,UACniNE3,
KAVD ANO POWETt CORK SHELLKP-ft,
I WAGGON TniMBLES, a good asuortmeat alwsjs'on
J SASH. DOORS AKD BUKD3, altsizss and kinds.
WOOD AN L IRON FUMS,
nd eTerythins tbe Farmer wants.
us on 1st, between ITaia and Atlantic,
Livery, Feed;aiid Sale Stable,
..'Main Street .
Dealer in all kinds of Stock Ilorses Bough t.Sold
land Exchanged. Stock boarded by the day or
The Proprietor hay recently erected an entire
new, large and commodous Stable on Main Street
near the old BrownTille Ilonse. Their Stock is all
fresh and Vehicles new Tire public can be accom
modated at all hoars Ai or night.
A Stock eorrall with an abundant supply of
pure water atacned to tne Stable. 4I-ly
- - JACOB-MAROHN.
Main Street opposite McPherton's Block,
ALSO AGENT FOR
PIONEER PAINT -SHOP
LOUIS V ALDT.ER,
IE3 -L H jQT Z"
Grainer, . Gilder, Glazier,
Washing and Kalcemi'ning done.
AH work done in a workmanlike manner nn th
shortest DOtica. '-
SHOP on Min treet, SheIInWer' Old Stand.
mmd 1 1
; 4 '
NjT st 7 - r .71
J Li vLi
n i Vi a T.ntpaci lTrlfst Prirp nriii- tn
J - -
. DROP IN
Corner Slain and Second
Saw Gummers, -
Portable an! Stationray
Constantly on . .
Hand or Order- I LZj
ed at Sliort So-
f 'Mt ' i - J : '
EACH ARTICLE WARRANTED!!
WE wontd call particular attention to onr Self
apement. work, etc.. is fast snpercedi rg a;I
rJ'EE EAGLE BRTCK MACHINE
For -vrhfch tho undersiened ore OLE AGENT for the TATS OP NEG2AKA.
Prico d21o. We i"vite 1 1 wi. Intend maScin Brick the coming neasoa tcJI rul f ia h.
the Mi:hMie. We leel tunflilent that all wfao once fee
it is trtanageo. price enpacity. aoaiity ol work, e'e .
all " bject ion to Brick Machines We WARRANT the Machine to be weli made, of jjwl ou.irut
ana aaraoie wita proper care That wita one Tean ai.d ive Harws it will make
15.000 Brick per Day, of a Better Qouliiy tbnn cart be Made by Hand!
We do not, as other machines, claim more than the SUctirne can do, bnt wfcl we eiaina we WAaaAXT!1.!
2or JSJcvlo Toy
12-216m' EC T, IVI1KICK, fj ETilAHA CITY. 7TE2.
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS.
We liave on Iiand a large and well assorted stod
To whicli we are making constant additions, and
wMch we are selling at prices low as any establish
ment west of the Mississippi river.
IH THE QUALITY OF OUR GOODS WE CHALLENGE COMPETITICH,
rSTFLOUR OF THE MOST APPIIOVED BRANDS. THI
HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR COUNTRY PRODUCE.:
ST. JOSEPH, MO.
Importer and Wholesale
STEEL and -HEAVY HARDWARE
Vsgon, Carrisgo, and Plow Woodworks.
Springs, Axs, Axeli, ShoTls and Srdes,Files and IUhia, Chains, Carriage and Tim Bolts, Xutu w
v a-her, Nails, Horse nail, Unrte & iluU hoes, Saws, etc. etc.
' Castings and Hollow Ware,. Sujrar Kmles Andirons, Skillets acd ii
Stew pots Bake ovens. Fruit kettles and SaJ Iron.
BlacksmltlisV Tools. A nvils, Strcks and Dips, Be.Iows,SIed?e and Hand H3
mers, Vises, Pincers, Kap, Farrfcrs' Kniyes. Tuyere Iroca, Wrenches. Ac. -
Ox Yokes, Axle Grease, Ox chains, Wogon Jacks,
1,000 CELEBRATED MOLINA PILOTS!
. . , Jut Ptented. and sui-erior to ny fetfnTenfed rand . -
McCormlcIi' Mowers and Reapers, Kallcrs Uorse Corn rianterl
bulkj Corn Cultivators, Hand Corn Planter, Corn .Shelters. Uj lUies, ete.ata esc.
xUrloei2j& St:2aa.ixcL scaled
., . Sujiag m goods direct from th maimfactarers, I offer freat Inducements
TO -WHOLESALE PURCHASERS AT
Constable's Iron and Steel Warehouse
ST. JOSEPH. MO.
TO THE LADIES.
TOR 0.E DOI.I.AI1 OXLT.
WE are lellinj i'it, 5Jar;, Xr and Fancy
Goods of every descri p ion, also. Silver
Ware, Furniture, de. VaitUe Preteuti, from 3
to 500,sentreeo charnelo amenta seniicz clabs
of ten and upwards.
Circulars sent free to any address. r
. WYETII A O.
(Baccessor to Messenger A Co)
, - 42 Hanover St.,Holon. Mast.
P.O.Bo2931. . 12-13-6m
WANTED. Ttachert, Sludcntt,' an' I other
inteliitreot Men and Women, in a business Dir.
leg $100 to $200 per month, ac erdin to ability.
For particalara address X31GLI3, MoCUEDT &. CO.,
Iyaabr Bloc, Ch;fO, U. I3-3M?
'" ' . - - J I
1 ' . . t '
Groceries & Piails,
' (Drockery Glassware
I w -v n n w I "
AND SEE US,
Streets UlcPlierson's Ulorir I
F O R KS,
H A R ROW
Fara sc I School inn
hip Cai.r. Ir4 Pom
- R.ikinj or Dropplne Jtcpr. whirb for esy d-init, mu
utber. Price of combined Jla lire 19 .. Al .
the Machii.e in rperation an lears the ea tutiii)
will thr.w ai 3e 'be old war of mlcin Brick br hwd r.i
and Retail Dealer in Iron
Ox Shoe nail, Shorels and Pik,G.!d Pd, e.
- t9 ALLXIM3.
FAIKUANKS, GREENiEAF & CO.
OH f - I. Phii-?0.
203 Market Mreei,cw -
rxT ES CXRE7TL TO ECT OaLY TBS CKSCU.
rooms, Salt, Az&s.
I 1 P?X
I the g
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