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BY HUNTSVILLE GAZETTE COMPANY. "With Charity for All, and Malice Towards None.1* SUBSCRIPTION: 51.60 n.r Annum. VOM'ME VIII. _ HUNTSVILLE, ALA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1886. NUMBER 1. TOPICS OF THE DAI. News from Everywhere. \ BRixt»n Cabinet council on the 3d dis pissedtho advisability of further prose cutions >n Ireland. _ Sever arrests have been made at yew York for attempts to tamper xvirh the 3IcQxiade jury The convention at Philadelphia laid out , nian for eelebrut ing the centenniaLnf th® .< >v-. Federal Constitution. ircmW to our Monterey (Mexico) correspondent, a bloody civil war is among the probabilities for our sister republic. THE San Francisco mining boom eon tiuues unabated, the excitement permeat ,„g all classes.. Several failures are re ported. t__ lu no me sr "'as rendered at Boston on i j.1 ’.craiust Bon Butler in favor of the Soldiers^ Home for over $16,000. He will appeal. ___ \ .f.S'Ai ros' has been created in Peru by the publication of a pamphlet referring to recurrences within the walls of the Merced I monastery. TTv.Kxapp. of Groveton. Ind., applied i tn tie Government for back pay as a sol dier. and is now locked up as a deserter during theTvar. The Comptroller of the Currency has au thorized the First National Bank of Shreveport, La., to begin business with a capital of *300,000. A delegation’ of tobacco men are in Washington urging the arriving Congress men to modify the tariff provisions in ref erence to leaf tobacco. Mu tun. J. Hess, a laborer, jumped off | the Brooklyn bridge on the 4th and won a wager of twenty-five dollars. He escaped without apparent injury. | It is rumored at Belgrade that the Bul garian regency will make overtures to ' King Milan to induce him to become a can didate for the Bulgariau throne. Reports from Albany. N. Y., are to the effect that thirteen grain-laden boats en route for tidewater are frozen in the canal between that point and Little Falls. | A private government circular has been issued to the police throughout Ire land forbidding them to assist in any man net \n the inforcement of evictions. TntKF.T has sent a noto to the Powers Biting advice on the solution of the Bul rarian difficulty. The note betrays an en tente between the Porto and Russia. The will of the late President Arthur ms filed for probate in New York on the 4th. With the exception of a few minor bequests, his estate is left, to his two child ren. ■ ~ Tin: American Opera Company, Theo < ' Thomas, president, ceased to exist on cull. Its successor is the National Op era Company. Theodore Thomas, first-vice president. The customs officers at San Francisco on the 2d seized *20,000 wort h of opium on the steamer Rio Janeiro, recently arrived from China. The drug was found in the coal bunkers. -• Tin: Secretary of War, by direction of fte President, has ordered Lieutenant A. ^ Greely to take charge of the Signal bffiv during the temporary absence of l ' rral Hazen, the chief signal officer. Jktotal receipts from internal revenue the first fo ur mouths of the present year were 129,465,441, a decrease '• us compared with the receipts e‘.rmg ft,, corresponding period of last Trk official canvass of Michigan shows as: votes were cast for Governor at '■ lute election, of which Luce (Rep.) re ared IS 1,474. Yaple (Fusion). 174,012; 'etc (Pro. i. 23.179: scattering. 190. Luce's Lurality, 7,4:J2. T'"oriunt; to the report of Treasurer iipts of the United States Ir,.'asi"7 fm- the year were $12,749,029 ■'1V' and the expenditures $17,743,796 titan last vear—increase in net re *3t).4!t2.S'25. I •. >1PUTHi:kia is epidemic at Wilkinson I j, r?i an eastern suburb of Pittsburgh, f « ?ver hundred eases have been ! ort0('. nuny of them quite serious. The of the trouble seems to ’oe a defeet " system of drainage. Jj ’he will of James Gordon, a wealthy ‘.n.ed Cincinnati merchant who died re wh'cU was probated on the 2d. V t.S a Request of §5.000 to the Home of ,'>«,dlcsv and a like sum to the col ‘ ,rr>lum asylum at Cincinnati. -. -m.mvn\j: James, of New York, the indorsement of various tj,-,'1 reform associations and philau- j d i^rgauizations for his bill toestab ^-•“onal penitentiary and will en r o secure its passage this winter. , t• *’• T. U. of St. Louis adopted a ^ inn'vsat 11 ’neeti“e °n 'be :,d. express tH.p ^'bcaiiun that- Mrs. Whitney, wife s ■ivt,' <;T1'l'*u:'y °f the Navy, gaveadin ' , ""as attended by Mrs. Cleveland "ite “ ' ’"'lies, anti whereat all drank utt.0!:11' during mill, at St. Cloud, ls ''"recked aud burned by an ex HHJ; in l“e hight of the 2d. Loss. $00, >bt „ ?1:>.00o. Lus Krause, the pfobabh- i°1' " ,as badly burned, ami will oftvW, le' f'-renty thousand bushels ' "’ere burued. "fjrse -^tShleul'8 rheumatic leg was ’'ted t<,cn‘n "U !.be so that he was con flate Hr.v,1' private apartments of the b suftor-~ ct'\* ll0.1 ‘ecelve visitors, frtur'' 7dre pains in the tendons run fbe cail .°f 'be leg up under 'e to di t aDa bas so far been una ^ remedy that w ould quiu PERSONAL AND GENERAL. Bishop Baoshaw of the Catholic diocese of Nottingham, England, recommends Catholics to resist payment of church tithes as an unjust Protestant tax. Willie Arnold, the twelve-vear-old son of a wealthy resident of Reading, Pa., is missing, and is thought to have been kid naped. Congressman Price, of Wisconsin,'died at his home in Black River Falls on the titlr Ihe loss on the Lyons mansion at Lyons tails, N. Y., which was burned on the night of the 5th. will amou nt to over vr.T^jr*’ inrce^Tftlvif It. was one of the finest resi dences in the State. J. L. Loiselle, proprietor of the Bijou dry goods store at Worcester, Mass., has gone to Canada, leaving creditors behind. Shortly before his flight Loiselle raised $8,100 by mortgage on his stock. The stock and fixtures are worth $15,000, and the debts are 515,000 above the mortgage. L. R. Herzog & Son’s tannery, at South Berwick, N. H., was burned on the 6th. The fire started in the packing-room and spread very rapidly. The loss is estimat ed at from $75,000 to $100,000: insurance, *25,000. The fire is supposed to have been of incendiary origiu. Mrs. Lucy' Madison, mother of Fanny Lillian Madisou, Cluverius’ victim, has written to Governor Lee of Virginia, beg ging him to let the law take its course. A parxellite member has declared that they will not permit the consideration of any business in the Commons until Dil lon’s case is considered. Senator Vest, of Missouri, is to see the President about Colonel Benton's case as soon as Mr. Cleveland’s health will permit the reception of visitors. The will of Ann Wain Ryeras. leaving a legacy of 570,(XX) in trust to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals to found an infirmary for sick animals, was admitted to probate at Philadelphia on the 6th. The issue of standard dollars from the mints during the week ended December 4 was $581,011. The issue during the corrc sponding period of last year was $690,393. The shipments of fractional silver coin during November amounted to *747,491. M. Ribeau, for a number of years, chair man of the committee on appropriations of the French National Assembly, was on the floor of the Senate at Washington on the Oth, and was presented to a number of Senators by Senator Allison. Information was received on the Oth by United States Consul-General Phelan at Halifax, N. S., that the fine of 5400 in the Marion-Grimes case would bo repaid by the Dominion Customs Department. Mn. T. Mercier, the celebrated Alaskan traveler and explorer, is in Ottawa, Ont., on business connected with the geological survey. Mr. Mercier spent fourteen years in Alaska and lias attained a wide reputa tion for research in the history raid cus 1 toms of that country. XLIXTH CONGRESS. IS the Senate ou the eth the reports of Reads of departments were presented and ordered printed. The oath of otliee was administered to Senator Williams, of California. Sev eral bills were introduced and re ferred. The President's message was re ceived and read.In the House Hr. S. S. Cox was sworn in: Henry W. Rusk,ot Maryland, and Henry Bacon, of New York, also qualified. The President's message was read and ordered printed. A committee was ap pointed to attend the funeral of the late Con gressinan Price, of Wisconsin. LATE NEWS ITEMS. The Secretary of the Treasury esti mates the amount required to defray the expenses of the government for the fiscal year ending July next, at *325,185,794. Slit. E. Virdzk, of Jackson, Miss., has closed a sale of 42,000 acres of land lying iti Tallahatchie county, Miss., to a Chicago capitalist named Merriman. The great stove works of Perry & Co., of Albany, N. Y., are to he removed to Chattanooga, Tenn. ■The Forty-ninth Congress met ou the 0th, the President’s message was read and a general hand-shaking indulged in, but little business was done. The issue of standard silver dollars front the mints during the week ending on the 4th was $581,011. The issue during the corresponding period of last year was $099,393. Rioting was renewed in Cork, lreiauu, on the Gtb. The police were hooted by large mobs, but so far as known nobody was injured. Gov. Hughes on the (,ih appointed Mrs. Emma 1). Mills, of New York City, com missioner of deods for the Stato of Ar kansas. Ten business houses were destroyed ty fire at Yazoo City, Miss., on the Oth. The President is not near so ill as re ported; he is subject to infrequent attack of rheumatism which usually settle iu the tendons about the kueo. The commissions of s.xty presidential postmasters will expire during the pres ent month. Ou the reassembling of Con gress the President will have the appoint ments of about 150 postmasters made dur ing the recess to send to the Senate for confirmation. John Miller, aged 80 years, was frozen to death iu Summit county, Ohio, ou the 3d. He attempted to cross a swamp, and fell into the mire. When found his body was frozen fast in the mud. Citizens of Chicago arc organizing to build an opera-house to cost .$1,000,0*10, greatly exceeding the usual size. The steamboat) St. John dropjped her guards on the 4th forty miles below Mon roe, I .a., precipitating 1000 bales o' cotton into the river. Snow fell at Huntsville, Ala., ou the 5th to the depth of eight inches. One hundred and seventy-two bales oi cotton and a box car were Lurned at Greenville, Miss., ou the 4lh. The lire was die work of an incendiary. The steamboat Charles Morgan, plying betweeu Cincinnati and New Orleans, burned at Fulton, Ky., on the 4th. I.os» $50,000; partly insured. She bad not made anv trips this fall Tre fiftieth Congress consists ot 1*< Democrat?, 152 Republicans aud four in dependents. SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. Southern hotel-keepers, it is said, fear that the earthquake will decrease their chances of beeomir g rich this winter. A farmer near Manchester, Tenn., has an eight-months old heifer calf which gives oue-half a gallon of milk per day. lu Decatur, Ala., recently, a man was ar rested who put a counterfeit in dollar the contribution box and took out genuine coins in change. The jail at Somerville, Tenn., was de , strojggii by- .x- ffrtsrfff.fTU lew clays ago. Nine men in confinement there were transferred to Memphis. Louisiana boasts the largest plantation on earth—one hundred miles long by twen ty-live wide. F. M. Levy, a prosperous merchant at Baton Itouge. was accidentally shot and killed a few evenings since. A. & S. Rosenfeld, clothiers at Atlanta, Ga., are insolvent, them debts and assets balancing at *45,000. Granville Brown, a boy of Mt. Vernon, K>.. was caught in a burning barn a few days ago, and perished in the flames. In a quarrel at Petersburg, Va., a few days ago. Mary Sprigg threw a lighted kerosene lamp at Susan Sparloclc, who was almost roasted alive by the burning liquid. A collision of trains near Greenwood, Mo., a few days ago, caused the death of Eljah A. Magoffin, postal clerk, a nephew of the ex-Governor of Kentucky. The destruction of the Winn Parish (La.) court-house by a fire of incendiary origin occurred a few days since. The building bad been saturated with coal-oil, and burned so rapidly that no time was given to save the records, all of which were destroyed. What is known as “the wholesale block,” in Montgomery, Ala., a new building occu pied by wholesale merchants in different branches of business, was burned a few nights ago. The block is situated in the centre of the business portion of the city. The wind was very high and the fire was a fierce one. Fresh encumbers are being shipped from Florida to Northern markets. A Georgia fanner has a partridge that follows a hen and her chickens about the yard. There are only thirty-three inmates in the Mississippi Blind Asylum. The build ing cost the State 800,000. A couple of sportsmen in Lowndes Coun ty. Ala., recently killed 143 squirrels in one day. The Arkansas Supreme Court has decid ed that Sunday can not be ignored by those who observe Saturday as Sunday. Little Maggie Hill, of Fayetteville, Tenn., although only six years old, pla3*s the violin almost as well as the host teacher in the State. During the past few 3-ears land in many Florida counties has doubled in price. The population has also doubled. One of the richest men in San Antonio, Tex., is Chop Hop, a Chinaman, Mho has an English wife. He is now on a visit to the Flowery kingdom. Mayor Guillotte of New Orleans has sus pended Chief of Police Pacliemin for in competency, charging him also with em bezzlement. Dr. Bradshaw, of Longview. Tex., was recently relieved of his wallet, containing 8-4. (XX), at Dallas, by pickpockets. The Cape Uatteras (N. C.) fishery was very successful in catching porpoises this season. In six days over four hundred porpoises were caught. They are caught for their skins, which are converted into leather. The recent fire at Raleigh, N. C., in tho cotton yard, in the heart of the city, de stroyed 1,319 bales, causing a loss of ¥48, (XX). all save 88,(XX) covered b3’ insurance. Salvage will not exceed ten per cent. A negro in male 01 me poor-nouse ai Anniston. Ala., is attracting a great ileal of attention by his peculiar actions, which are said to be similar to those of a dog. He eats, drinks aud barks like a canine, and it seems to be his chief pleasure to as sociate with one. Four years ago Fred Therwanger was the poorest man in Jeffersonville, Kv. He didn't have a dollar, but his son had four teen dollars, and with this Fred bought a keg of beer, a jug of whisky, some glasses, and rigged up a rough bur. He is now worth over *10,000. The cotton planters in lower North Caro lina are said to luive experienced much trouble in securing labor this season. Last year laborers were paid thirty-five cents per hundred pounds for picking, but this year they demanded fifty cents i-er hun dred. and a number of planters refused tc pay that amount. On J.ookout mountain, a few days since a man named Bryant lost bis life by thaw ing dynamite in a fire. Both his legs were torn off by the explosion which followed. Immense forest fires recently ravaged Bladen,- Brunswick and Columhus coun ties, N. C., and large tracts of timber have ! been burned. Two Chinamen secured wives by eloping with white girls from Augusta, Ga. Out of these events grew a feeling of hostility which led to attempts with fire and dyna mite on the houses occupied by the Chine.,3 colony. In Winston Count*. Miss., recently, u young man concluded to get married in a new suit of clothes without paying for them. He went to a tailor, obtained the clothes on credit, got married, and re turned them to the tailor the next day, claiming that they did not fit him. Willie Hines, the seventeen-year-eld son of a well-to-do farmer of West Point, Ga., eloped with and married Miss New-some, ten vears his senior, a few days ago. In order to keep his father from following him. the young man smashed the family carriage and threw the saddle into the well. _ There was a serious fire at Aiken, 3. C., a few- days ago. Fight buildings were de stroyed. * The total iosses are estimated at $24,000, aud the insurance at $22,000. The residence of Mr. George Phillip* near Oudville, Harris County. Ky- burned to the ground a few days ago. with all its contents. Loss about $2,500. on which there was an insurance of $500. The lire is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary. \ parti-colored baby is reported to have been born recently at Aberdeen. Miss. Its father is a very black negio: its mother a light mulatto. Half the child s body ys black the other half nearly white: the ha*r on one sUle of its head is irintfy: on the other, light aud straight, while on« eye is black and thc ot>'r blue. i PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. Interesting Synopsis of a Lengthy Public Document. , Oar Foreign and Domestic Feint ions lie viewed -The Tariff and Silver Oues tions, and Others of Equal Oeu eral.Imereti ninnssed. m ; ■**-»-.»«**: atv.i.w. * -President Cleveland's | message opens with the usual survey of for eign relations, and one-third of the document is ! devoted to discussion and review of this im - portant lopie. Our Government, he says, j has consistently maintained its relations of ; friendship toward all other powers, and a | neighborly interest toward those whose posses i Kions are contiguous to our own. Few ques tions have uriseu during the past >ear with j other governments and none of those arc be I jond the reach of settlement in friendly I council. The cruel treatment of inoffensive Chinese in the far West, is alluded to, and in speaking of a remedy he says the paramount duty of main taining public order and defending the interests of our own people may require the adoption of measures of restriction, but they should not tolerate the oppression of individuals of a spe cial race. Discussing the fisheries question, so long a Subject of anxious difference between the United States and Great Britain, the President says the questions involved are o' great consequence, and from time to time, for nearly three-quarters of a century, have given rise to earnest international discussions, not unaccompanied by irritation. Temporary arrangements by treaties have served to allay friction which, however, has revived as each treaty was terminated. While desirous that frieudly relations should exisi between the people nr Hie United States and Canada, the action of Canadian officials during the past season towards our fishermen has been such, the President thinks, as to threaten their continuance: and although disappointed in his efforts to secure a satisfactory settlement, of the question, negotiations are still pending" w ith reasonable hope that before the close of the present session of Congress the announce ment may be made that an acceptable conclu sion lias been reached. Alluding to our relations w ith Hawaii, the President recommends an extension for seven years of the reciprocity treaty of lb 13. He ur gently renews his recommendation of legisla tion to carry into effect the American recipro city treaty of January. and proposes to Jntiate negotiations with Mexico for a new and enlarged treaty of commerce and legislation. Referring to the Cutting case, he says the in cident lias disclosed a claim of jurisdiction by Mexico novel in our history, whereby an offense committed any where by a foreign penal in the place of its commission.^ ml of which a Mexi can is the object, may. ip he offender be found in Mexico, be there tieeu and punished in con formity tvilli Mexican laws. This jurisdiction was sustained by the courts of Mexico and ap proved by the executive branch of that Govern ment upon tiio authority of a Mexican statute. The Appellate Court, in releasing Mr, Cutting, decided that a band- nment of the complaint by the Mexican citizen aggrieved by the alleged crime in libelous publication), removed the basis of further prosecution, and also declared justice to have been satisfied by the enforce ment ot a “fr ail part of the original sentence. The admission of such a pretense, the President argues, would be attended with serious results, invasive of the jurisdiction of this Government, anil highly dangerous to our citizens in for eign lauds: therefore, be has denied it. and protested against its attempted exercise as unwarranted by the principles of law and inter national usages. A sovereign has jurisdiction of offenses, which take effect in his territory, although concocted or commenced outside of it, but the right is denied of any: foreign sovereign to punish a citizen of Ibe United States for an offense consummated on our soil in violation of our laws, even though the offense be against a subject or citizen of such foreign sovereign. The Mexican statute in question makes the claim broadly, and the principle, if conceded, would make a dual responsibility in the citizen and lead lo inextricable discussion destructive of that certainty in the law which is an es sential of liberty. When citizens of the United .Slates volun tarily go to a foreign country they must abide ,y the laws there in force and must not be pro tected by iheirown government from the conse quence of an offense against those laws com mitted in such foreign country, bin watchful 0,.,-e ,id ini crest of-this Government over its citizens are not relinquished because they have g<ini> abroad, and. if charged with crime com mitted in the foreign land, a fair and open trial, conducted with decent regard for justice; and humanity, will be demanded for Ihetu. With le5s tii.iii thai tlie Government will not be con vent when the life or liberty of its citizens is at stake. What oilier degree to which extra-territorial criminal jurisdiction may have been formerly allowed by consent and reciprocal agreement among certain of the European States, no such doctrine or practice was ever known to the laus of this country, nor 1o that from which our institutions have been mainly de r>ln ihe case nr Mexico, there are reasons espe Ciidiv strong for perfect harmony in the mutual exercise of jurisdiction. Nature has made us irrevocably neighbors, and wisdom and hind feeling should make us friends. The overflow of capita! ami enterprise from the United Stales is a potent factor in assisting the devel opment of '.he recourccs of Mexico and in building up the prosperity of both countries. To assist this good work all grounds of apprehension for the security of person and property should be removed, and the President trusts that in the interests of good neighborhood the statute referred to will be so modified as to eliminate the present pos sibilities of danger to the peace of the two coun tries. . , . TliC President reconimenus me placing ui me consular svMen- on a better footing, and reiter ates the necessity of some mode or inspection and report of the manner in which the con sulates are conducted. He trusts the subject of an internation : copyright will receive the attention it de-erv -s Vv Congress. , 'lie recommends that proviso)!! • maue for tie immediate disclmi-- ■ •••'■ ustudy of per sons committed tor - - ’ ii111> . where th president is of opinion that a sur render should nut be made, and re news his recommendation of last year that legislation concerning citization and naturalization be revised. We have, he says. •l0 ities with many States providing for the re nunciation of citization by naturalized alien--, but uo statute is found to give effect to such engagements, nor any which provides a needed control or a bureau for registration of natural ized citizens. Reaching domestic affairs, the tirst subject discussed is the tariff, and to this the President devotes a great deal of space, arguing that the necessity for a reduction of the tariff is more urgent than ever. • The income of the Govern ment." he say-, "by its Increased volume and thorough economies in its collection, is now more than ever in excess of the public neces silie-. The application of the surplus to ihe payment ot such portion of the public debt as i- now at our o ption 1 subject to extinguishment, if continued at the i rate which ha- lately prevailed, would retirv ! that class of indebtedness within less than one year from this date. Thu* a continuance of our present i*‘ V6uu6 systcoj would soon result in tbc receipt of an annual income much greater than necessary to meet Government expenses, with no indebtedness upon which it could bb applied. We should be th- p confront-..! with a vast quantity of money, the circulating medium of the people, boarded In the treasury when it should be in their hands, or we should be drawn into wasteful public ex travagance. with nil the corrupting National demoralization which follows in its track. But it is not the simple existence of this sur plus and its threatened attendant evils whiea furnish the strongest argument against our present scale of Federal taxations: its worst phase Is the exaction of such a surplus through a perversion of the relations bet ween the peo plt and their government, and a dangerous dr pasture from the rules which limit the right of Federal taxation. Good gov ernm&nt jvoJ especially the govern mem of which every .-merican citizen boasG has tvr its objects the protection s t every person within :ts c are in the great-, t liberty consistent with the good ci der et *<■ Cletv and his j,erfect security in the enjoy ment of his earnings, with the least possible, timinutibu for public needs. When more ul the people's substance Is exacted through the forms of taxation than is necessary to meet the just obligations of the Government and the expense of its economical administra tion, such exaction becomes ruthless extortion and a violation of the fundemental principles of a free Government. The indirect manner in which these exactions arc made has a tendency to conceal their true character and extent, but we have arrived at a stage of supetluous revenue which has aroused llie people to a realization of the tact 1hat the amount raised professedly for the support of the Government is paid bv them as absolutely, if added to the price of things which supply their daily wants, as ifit was paid at fixed periods into the hand ct the tax gatherer. Those who toil for daily wages are beginning to understand that capital, though sometimes vaunting its importance and clamoring tor the protection and favor of the Government, is dull und sluggish-till, touched by the magical hand of labor, it springs into activity, furnishing an oc casion for Federal taxation und gaining the value which enables it to bear its burden, and the laboring man is thoughtfully inquiring Whether, under these circumstances, and con i sidering the tributes he pays in the treasury as i he supplies his daily wants 5>e receives his fair I share of advantages. There is also a suspicion abroad that the sur* ! plus of our revenues indicates abnormal and i exceptional business profits which, under the system which produces such surplus, increase, without corresponding benefit to the people at large, the vast accumulations ol a few among our citizens whose fortunes, rivaling the wealth of the most favored in anti-democratic na tions, are not a natural growth in a steady, plain and industrious republic. Oar farmers, too. and those engaged directly and indirectly In supplying the products of agriculture, see that day by day, and as often as the daily wants of their, household recur, they are forced to pay excessive and needless taxation, while their products struggle in for eign markets with the competition of nations which, by allowing a freer exchange of productions than we permit, enable their people to sell for prices which distress tlio American farmer. As every patriotic citizen rejoices in the constantly Increasing greatness of our people in American citizenship, and in the glory of onr National achievements and progress, the sentiment pre vails that the leading-strings useful to a nation In its infancy may be well to'a great extent dis carded in the present stage of American ingenuity, courage and fearless self-reliance, and for the privilege of indulging this sentiment with true American enthusiasm, our citizens are quite willing to forego an idle sur plus in the public treasury. And all the people know that the average Federal taxation upon imports is to-day, in time of peace, but little less, while upon some articles of necessary consumption it is actually more, than was im posed by the grievous burden willingly borne at a time when the Government needed minions to maintain by war the safety and integrity of the Union. It has been the policy of the Government to collect the principal part of its revenues by a fax upon Imports and no change in this policy is desirable. But the present condition of af fairs constrains our people to demand that by a revision of our revenue laws the receipts of the Government shall tie reduced to the necessary expense of its economical administration, and this demand should be recognized and obeyed by the people’s representatives in the legis lative branch of the government. In readjusting the burdens of Federal taxa tion. a sound public policy requires that such of onr citizens us have built up iarge and Im portant industries under the present conditions should not be suddenly, and to their injury, de prived of advantages to which they have adapt ed their business;" but if the public good re quires. it they should be content with such con sideration as shall deal fairly anti cautiously ; with their interests, while the just demand ! of the people for relief from needless taxation ; fs honestly answered. A reasonable and timely | submission to such a demand should certainly j he possible without disastrous shock to any in- I terest; and a cheerful concession sometimes ; averts abrupt and heedless action, often the j outgrowth of impatience and delayed justice. Due regard should be also accorded in any ! proposed readjustment of the tariff to the in- j tcrests of American labor, so far us they are in volved. We congratulate ourselves tliai there is ■ among us no laboring class, llxed within un yielding bounds, amt doomed under conditions | to the inexorable fate of daily toil. We recog- j hize in labor a chief factor in the wealth of the : Republic; and we treat those who have it in J their keeping as citizens entitled to care- j ful regard and thoughtful attention. This j regard and attention should be award- : ed them, not only because labor is j the capital of our workingmen. just- i ly entitled to its share, of Government favor, 1 but for the further and not less important rea- 1 son that the latioring mau. surrounded by bi» 1 family in his humble home, as a consumer, is : vitally interested in all that cheapens the cost of living affd enables him to bring within his , domestic circle additional comforts and ad vantages. This relation of the workingman to : the revenue laws ot the country.and the manner *n which it palpably influences the question of ; wages, should not be forgotten in the justifiable j prominence given to the proper maintenance of ■ the supply und protection of well-paid labor. I And these considerations suggest such an ar rangement of government revenues as shall re- j dure the-expense of living while it does not ; curtail !he opportunity for work nor reduce the compensation of American labor, or injuriously j affect its condition and the dignified place it ; holds ill the estimation of our people. But oar farmers und agriculturists—those ; who from the sen! produce the things consumed ; by all—are perhaps more directly and plainly \ concerned than any other of our citizens in a . just and careful system of Federal taxation. I Those actitually engaged and more remotely i connected with this kind of work number i nearly one half of our population. None labor , harder and more continuously than they. No enactments limit their hours of toil und no in terposition of the Government enhances to any ( great extent the value of their products. And , Vet. formany of the necessaries und comforts of , life which the most scrupulons economy en- i able them to bring into their homes, and for their implements of husbandry, they are , o’. ■ .1 tu pay a price largely Increased by an i i . ...iurul protit which, by the action of the I government. is given to the more favored man- . ufaeturer. .. . I recommend that, keeping :u view an luese considerations, the increasing and unnecessary surplus of National income annually accumu lating be released to the people by au amend ment to our revenue laws which shall cheapen the price of the necessaries of iife and give freer entrance to such imported materials as bv American labor may be manufactured into marketable commodities. Nothing can be ac complished. however, in the direction of this much-needed reform unless the subject is ap proached in a patriotic spirit of devotion to the interests of the entire country and with a wiil iugness to yield something for the public good. ; While on the subject of tariff and revenue the j President especially directs the attention of ■ Congre-- to the recommendations of the Secre- - taiyof the Treasury touching the simplifica tion and amendment of laws relating to the col- . lection of the revenues. Less space <s devoted to the silver question j this year than last, but his opposition to compul sory coinage is no less prom- incccl. l tie u.rrcr ence in the bullion price of the standard collar —9!'« cents—when first coined, ami its bullion value—78 gents—on the -JOtli of last November, certainly doc- not indicate, the Presi dent says, that compulsory coinage by the Government enhances the price of that commodity or secures uniformity in its value. He has seen no reason to change the views ex pressed a year ago on tlie subjectoi compulsory coinage, and again urges its suspension on all the grounds contained in hi- former recomenda tion. reinforced by ttie: significant increase of our gold exportations during the last year, and for ihe further reasons, that the more this currency is distributed among the people, the greater becomes our duty to protect it Irum cii-asteri that we now have an abundance for all our needs, and that there seems but little propriety in building vaults to store such currency when the ouly pretense for its coinage is the necessity of its use by the people as a circulating medium. The attention of Cony i ess s called to the great number of suits in New York growing out i of con dieting views by importers and collectors | us to the interpretation -it our complex anil in definite revenue laws, and an amendment is recommenced b> which the present condition of this litigation should be relieved by a law permitting trie appointment an Rduitlon i Federal judge in New York where these eas- * 1 have accumulated. ' „ Of coast defenses and fortifications, the Pr< - i idem ‘nv< the defenseless condition of our I sca cOkiUJ&afcUke frontier is perfectly paipa ble, fttui the work laid out by the board on for tification is delayed in default of Congressional action. The absolute necessity of our prepara tion for effectual resistance against armored ships and steel guns, which may threaten our sea coast cities, is so apparent that he hopes effective steps will be taken in that direction at once. The condition of our navy, as shown by the secretary of that department, should challenge the earnest attention of Congress. The produc tion in the United States of armor and gun steel is a question which it seems necessary to settle at an early day, if the armored war ves sels are to be completed with those material-, of home manufacture. In the wept *'«>*• Urn present invitation of die department lor ,e(k>.o furnish such of this material as " v authorized shall fail to induce domestic manufacturers to undertake the large expenditures required to prepare for this new manufacture, and no other steps are taken by Congress at its coming session, the Secretary contemplates with dissatisfaction the necessity of obtaining abroad the armor and the gun steel for the authorised ships. It would seem desirable, the President adds, that the wants of the army and navy in this re gard should lie reasonably met and. by uniting their contracts such inducements might be of fered as would result in securing the domesti cation of these important interests. Postal service affairs snow nan.™ auu grati fying improvement during ihc past year, tho increase of revenue gaining in u ratio over tin increase of cost, demonstrating the sufficiency of the present cheap rates of postage ultimately to sustain the service. The differences with certain ocean steamship companies were ter minated by the acquiescence of all in the po* y of the Government, thus affording a service generally adequate to the needs of the inter oceanic mail business. The question of establishing ocean postal service to Brazil and the Argentine Republic is commended to the consideration of Congress, and the suggestion is offered that, as distin guished from a grant or subsidy for the mere benefit of any line whatever, the outlay thai may be r * aired to secure additional necessary and proper service, should be regarded as within the limit of legitimate compensation for such service. . .. The President indorses the recommendation of the Attorney-General for the erection of a penitentiary for the confinement of prisoners convicted in the United States courts. lie considers it a matter of very great importance, which should at once receive Congressional ac tion. More than one of these institution j might be erected, and. by employing the pris oners in the manufacture of articles needed for use by the Government, quite a large pecuniary benerit might lx- derived in partial return forex, penditures. He indorses Hie recommendation of the Attorney-General for a change in the Federal judicial system, to obviate the delays neces sarily attending the present condition of affairs in ou r courts. Of Indian affairs he says the present system of agencies standing alone is inadequate for tho accomplishment of an object which has become pressing in its importance—the mon rapid transition from tribal organization to citizenship or such portions of the Indians as are capable of civilized hte. and hence the necessity for the supplemental agency, a commission of six intelligent per sons—three from the army—charged with tho management of such matters of detail as enn not. with the present organization, be properly and successfully conducted. The time is ripe, the President tells Congress, for the work of such an agency. , , .. The President recommends the repeal or tin pre-emption and Timber-Culture acts, and that the homestead laws be so amended as to better secure compliance with their requirements of residence, improvement and cultivation furtive years from date of entry, without commutation til provision for -peculation or relinquishment. Referring to the satisfactory exhibit of the operations of the Pension Bureau during the last fiscal year, and to pension matters gener •ally, the President says the usefulness and the justice of any system for the distribution of pensions depends upon the equality and uni formity of its operation, and as long as we ad here to the principle of granting pensions for service and disabilty as the result of the serv ice. the allowance of pensions should be re stricted to cases presenting these features. ■J-:vt-r\ patriotic heart,” he says, “responds to a tender consideration for those who, bavin v served their country long and well, are rcduceii tn destitution and dependence, not as an iuri dent of their service, but with advancing age or misfortune. We are all tempted by the con templation of such a condition to supply relief, and are often impatient of the limitations of public duty. Yielding to no one in the desire to indulge this feeling of consider ation. I can not rid myself of the conviction that if these ex-i-oldiers are to be relieved, they and their cause arc entitled to the benefit of an enactment under which relief should he ■-laimed as a right, and that such relief may be granted under the sanction, not the invasion, of it: dor should such worthy objects of care, all equally entitled, be remitted to the unequal operation of sympathy, or tin tender mercies of social and political influence with their uujust discrimination. Of the Pacific railroad debt extension propo sition. lie says, that in considering the plan suggested bv the Secretary of the Interior and indorsed by the board of Government directors, the sole matters which should be taken into account are: ‘ The situation of the Govern ment as a creditor and the s>-est way to se cure the payment of the principal and interest on its debt.' Of inter state commerce, be says that by a recent decision of the Supreme Court of the United States it has been adjudged that the laws of the several States arc inoperative to regulate rates of transportation upon railroads, if such regulation interferes with the rate of carriage from one State into another. This im portant Held of control and regulation having been left thus unoccupied, the expediency or Federal action upon the subject is worthy of consideration. , , _ Of the relations of labor lo capital, the I resi dent thinks -that when these differences be tween employer and employed reaeh such a stage as to result in the interruption of com merce between the States, the application of arbitration by the General Covernn-ierit might be regarded as entirely within its constitutional powers anil lie thinks we might reasonably hope that such arbitrator-, if carefully selected, and if entitled to the confidence of the parties to be affected, would be voluntarily called to the settlement of controversies ot less ext< n and not necessarily within the domain of ten eral regulation. The President recommends, as a piam uui> on the part of the Government, the payment of a million anti a quarter dollars still due to the Freedman's Savings Bank depositors. Civil-Service reform is the last important topic discussed in the message. The continued operation of the Civil-Service law, he asserts. ha> added the most convincing proof of Its necessity and usefulness. Bvcry public officer who hu* a ju*t ide«i or his duty to the people testifies to the value of this reform. Its staunchest friends are found among those 'vbo understand it best, and its wannest supporters are those who are re strained and protected by its requirements The meaning of such restraint and protection is not appreciated by those who want places under the Government, regardless of merit and efficiency, nor by those v.ho insist that the se lection for such places should rest upon a proper credential showing active partisan work. They mean to public officers, if not, their lives the only opportunity afforded them to attend the public business, and they mean to the good of the country the letter perform ance of the work of their Government. It is exceedingly strange, the President thinks, that Uie scope aud nature of this reform are so little understood, and that ~o eluded within its plan are called by Us name. When cavil yields more full) to examination, the system will have large additions to the number of its friends. Uur Civil-Service reform, the President says, mav be imperfect in some of its details; it may be misunderstood and opposed, it may not al ways be faithfully applied: its designs may sometimes miscarry through mistake or wilful intent- ri mav sometimes tremble under the as saults of it* enemy or languish tinder rile misguided /cal of impracticable friend,; but .1 the people of this country ever -ubrnit to the banishment of its underlying principle from the operation of Ilnur Govern inent mey will abandon the surest guarantee of the saiet) and suwccrs oi American ins tit n "in conclusion, he invokes tor this teform the cheerful and ungrudging support of Congress iraesan increase of the salaries of the Con, ; missioners, and expresses liver hope that such l I't'tifrOii&fcjifc ftppi opricitioii" uiiiV be Jttiuic fts will enable them to increase the usefulness of live I cause they have in charge.