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\ \ >! BY HUKTsTILLE GAZETTE OOMPABY.__ ‘"With Charity for Alii and Malice Toward* None." SUBSOBIPTIOB: $1.60 ner Annum. f VOLUME X. N___HUNTSVILLE, ALA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1888._NUMBER 3. news in brief. Omplle* fro® Yaxiota Soorcce* PERSONAL. AND POLLTLCAI Presiding Judge Hannen of the Par nell Connnission, or th» 21st. fined 5 • Edward Harrington £>00 for contempt ol court in publications reflecting upon the \ -judges. Major Lyman Bissbll, TJ. S. A., died, ou the 22d, at his homo in New Haven, I conn., aged seventy-five years. On- the 2)th Walter E. bchuddor, of >vw Jersey, a clerk in the Government Printing Office, accidentally shot and killed himself while drawing a cartridge from Lis revolver. General Black, the Commissioner of Pensions, is spoken of in connection with the superiuteudency of the National Soldiers' Home at Dayton, O. There was a rumor in Boulangist cir cles in Paris, on the 22d, that the govern ment intends to expel Boulanger ou a charge of conspiring to overthrow the ex isting government. j. S. Dickerson, a popular lawyer of Helena, Mont., who formerly hold edi torial positions in Indiauapolis and St. Paul, died of pneumonia, on the 22J, aged forty-one. He studied law iu General Harrison’s office, where he was a stenog rupuei. At a citizens’ meeting in Boston, on the 22d, it was decided to put an inde pendent candidate for mayor in nomina tion. On the 22d the State Bank of Valparaiso, Neb., closed its doors, and the proprie tors, F. Scoville and G. A. Crafts, have fled the country, leaving many debts un satisfied. The Baris Intransigeant states that Baron Belliere has been placed in Dr. Sauray’s private asylum for the insane situated in Paris. The South Carolina State Board of Canvassers has decided the Elliott-Miller contest in the Seventh Congressional district in favor of Elliott, Democrat, making the delegation from South Caro lina solidly Democratic. The vote of the district was: Elliot, 8,353: Miller, 7,0)3. Miller will carry his contest to Congress. The birthday anniversary of ex-Em press Frederick of Germany was quietly observed at Windsor, Eaglaud, on the 21st. She received scores of congratula tions, and many Gorman officials called bearing presents. The postmaster of Baltimore has a [Scheme for collecting city mail matter by kmeaus of letter-boxes placed on the street para Ex-Congressman Perry Belmont took the oath of office and leceived his cre dentials as Minister to Spain, on the 2Rd. On the 23d Chief Wm. Printnp, Grand Sachem of the Tuscarora Indians, died on the reservation, in New York. He was an able and intelligent man. The Associated Press statement that Silas Gearney, of tlia Tremout House, Boston, Mass., was insolvent is incorrect Ha is not connected with the Tremont House. David Hamilton, a real estate dealer, and owner of a number of business structures at Wabash, lnd., failed, on the 23vl, with liabilities amounting to $30, 000 aud assets of $25,000. General Harrison denies the truth of published reports of alleged statements made by him concerning the annexation of Canada. On the 23d General Miles arrived at San Francisco and took command of the Di vision of the Pacific. General Howard left Sau Francisco tho same night for New York. President IIannen of the Parnell Com mission says that he will admit the re torts made by the police for what they are worth. O.v the 23d Mr. Powderly was re-elected general master workman of the Knights of Labor for tne next two years at In uuunpous. A.\ intimate friend of Samuel J. Ran all describes him as in very good con ation, and certain to be iu his seat on the ^assembling of Congress. “Deacon” Richardson has given no ire that only American citizens, native rnaturalized, will hereafter be employed n his Brooklyn street-car lines as con uctors and drivers. Bishop Foley, the new Bishop of De bt. was received iu that city, on the d, by a reception committee and a pro '•-sion of ten thousand persons. J. 'V. Mackintosh & Co., B >ston stock brokers, have suspended. President Bradford Raymond of Law rence University, Appleton, Wis., has “■'“n tendered the presidency of Wes ■eyan University, at Middletown, Conn. I' :s believed the offer will be accepted. Editor Charles C. Corbitt, of the Providence (R. I.) Dispatch, was ar rested, on the 24th, upon a suit for libel Woug.it by J. F. Moore, for $10,000. Ax extensive purchase of coal land in Aoegheny County, Pa., made by Mr. ^-Mne seven years ago, and which for a •^looked like a losing venture, has re increased iu value three-fold. (jv tie 24th John Teemer, of McKees *>a,> " as defeated for the champion l'a,l°-f America and $2,500 a side, on the , ':omac river, at Washington, by Wm. p Connor, of Toronto, Can. . 'siirjp p0LBY Ti.as formally installed “ ■ - pof Detroit on the 25th. The cere j were of a very imposing charac . -;!1 Chief-Justice Armstrong, of '•,aua|Dan Labor Commission, died of •Jp exy at Sorel, Quebec, j' JhsGEjiEXTs liave been made by J. i- 'Eliamson, of Philadelphia, to apply ^ “-"hOoO of his vast wealth to the es oiiment of an industrial school for j.''"1 ,0 Be known as the “Williamson ^••School of Mechanical Trades.” A ^ lag was held, on the 24th, to select 'ie«s for the endowment fund and to other details. >, i'HI>i,N’AL Gibbons has been instructed A’"pe to congratulate Mr. Harrison j.° '-Bdtion to the presidency. s,ate'( that Boulanger’s wife is ug steps to obtain a divorce, and also ;s", ^'ue °f'he richest widows in France v‘Ua? ,0 marry Boulanger. k ; HCELL O’Uorman, ex-member of C”v u.U!8tl Parliameat lor Waterford h oil the »th, A letter has been written to the Pope thanking Cardinal Manning and the En glish Catholics for their support of him in the penal laws question. CRIMES AND CASUALTIES. An inmate of the National Soldiers' Home at Hampton, Va., named Simon Dinaingham, committed suicide, on the 22d, by cutting an artery and bleeding to death. Fire In a school building at Long Isl and City, N. Y., on the 22d, caused a pan ic among the children, but was extin guished with slight loss, an none of the children were injured. H. H. Scott killed Sidney K. Irvin at Hinckley, Mich., on the 23 1. Fire at Duluth, Minn., on the 23J, de stroyed property to the value of $23,000. 4 On the 23d Philip J. Goss, the New York policy dealer, in whose place James E. Bedell, the forger, lost $123.03), pleaded guilty to felouy, and was fined $1,003. On the 23d, fire in the Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church of Plainfield, N. J., caused a loss of $3,003; fully iusured. On the night of the 22d nearly all the business section of Pocomoke City, Md., a village in the southern part of Wor cester Couuty, on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay, was destroyed by fire. On the 23d Albert Shultz, at Altoona, Pa., fired a gun, which he thought was not loaded, and killed his eight-months old brother. Near Tralee, County Kerry, an Irish farmer, recently returned from America, took a farm from which a former tenant had been evicted. On the 23d his dead body was found, pierced with four bul lets. Adam Berkes, who was whipped, re cently, at Sardinia, O.. by White Caps, has lost his reason, and is now a maniac. Mrs. Mart Doran, of Columbus, lad., who murdered her husband by pouring carbolic acid into his mouth while asleep, was, ou the 23 J, acquitted by a jury on the ground of insanity. Fire destroyed the extensive works of the Ft. Wayne (Ind.) Jenuey Electric Light Company on the 231. Loss, $303,000; insurance, $158,030. Three hundred em ployes are temporarily thrown out of work. After reaching an altitude of hilf a mile the balloon in which Prof. Vandegrift made an ascension from the Exposition Park, at Columbus, Ga., ou the 22J, sud denly burst and the aeronaut, descending by a parachute, alighted iu the Chatta hoochie river, and was drowned. On the 231 Recorder Srnythe of New York City sentenced James E. Bedell, the forger, to State prison for twenty-five years and four months Detectives connected with Philadel phia police lieadquartei-s captured John Williams, alias Charles Dunn, a fugitive negro murderer, at Avondale Mills, Pa., ou the 24th. He is charged with tho kill - ing of Benjamin Bachelor, a negro, on January 23, 1887. Governor Hill of New York has fixed a date for a heariug on behalf of Frank A. Hawkins, the condemned Islip matri cide. Miss Hattie Schreck, his affianced, secured the heariug. Hawkins, who was brought up m the Methodist faith, says he desires tho offices of a Roman Catholic priest. Emma Rocr, shot by James Nolan, her rejected lover, died in Believue Hospital, New York, on the 2it.b. Nolan,in his fury, fired five shots at the woman, all of which took effect Two men were killed and four others rendered unconscious by an explosion of dynamite at Thompson’s mills, near Schuylersville, N. Y., on the 24th. Willie Dundon, aged ten, while play ing with a shotgun, at Binghamton, N. Y., shot and killed his sister-in-law, Mrs. Michael Dundon. The murdered remains of Bernard Mc Lafferty were found at Mahonoy City, Pa., on the 25th. His head had been crushed and an ear cut off with a hatchet The murder is a mysterious oue. On the 24th the bark Moro Castle went to pieces on Delaware breakwater. The crew was saved. A well-to-do farmer, named Frahk Eicb, living near Royalton, Minn., was waylaid and murdered on the 24th. The wire-works of Morse & While, near Boston, were destroyed by fire oi the 24th. Loss, $53,000; probably fully in sured. At Le Mars, la, on the 24tb, John Gay nor shot and killed Town Marshal C. McLaughlin. MISCELLANEOUS. Great excitement and much rioting, particularly in Belgrade, where the peo ple came in collision with the soldiery several times, attended the elections for members of the Servian Skuptschinc, on the 21st Many persons were injured, some of them seriously. About half the laud owned bv the late Joshua Jones, west of Central Park, New York City, has been sold at auction by the executor of the estate, and realized about two million dollars. The property was bought by Mr. Jones’ father, in lb08, for less than three thousand dollars. The Osceola (la.) Bank closed on the 22d, and was placed in the hands of a re ceiver. The capital was $25,000. There is said to be $90,000 on deposit, with only $3,000 in the vault. The last (twenty-second) volume of the Tenth census report has been issued. In addition there are two volumes of com pendium of the census. O.v the 22J the New York State Board of Arbitration met to investigate the re cent street-railway strike in Brooklyn. Tex Brooklyn policemen who refused to remove obstructions from car tracks during the recent street-oar riot were fined ten days’ pay each and also cautioned that a repetition of such an offense would result in dismissal. Ox the 23 Canadian Pacific shares were pressed for sate in London, on rumors that a branch is to be built to Detroit, Mich. . The Journal de St. Petersburg denies that a secret treaty has been en'ered into with Corea, but admits that Corea has granted to Russia facilities for trade across the frontier. Ox the 23d, by a cave-in near Wilkes barre. Pa., the water supply of the city was suddenly cut off, and a large mine was submerged, from which the aimers j bar*lY esonpeti vvltU tUeir Uves» Indian Agent John Blair states that the Chippewas are slowly becoming ex tinct. The Gate City Guards of Atlanta, Ga., have sent a bale of new cotton to the Governor’s Foot Guard of Hartford, Gfcmn., for the benefit of their armory fair. The projecbfor the consolidation of the Cuban debt, it is believed, will prove a failure, on account of the different opin ions entertaiued on the subject by the ministers at Madrid. During the mouth of October 40,365 im migrants came to this country, against 44,166 in October, 1337. Germany fur nished the greatest number, 10,166; En gland and Wales, 7,477; Ireland, 5,530; Sweden and Norway, 4,250; Italy, 2,7S5, and Scotlaud, 2,004. It is reported that the Woolen Goods Association of New York will petition Congress to class worsted importations with woolen cloth. Improved machinery is being imported into Cuba, with the object of increasing the sugar-production of the next cane crop. During October exports of merchandise aggregated in value $74,714,495, against $76,033,439 in Ootobor, 1837. Imports for the month were valued at $66,234,653, against $60,983,257 iu October, 1887. W m. Larzelere & Sons, wholesale dealers iu foreign fruits and fancy gro ceries at Philadelphia, have made an as signment. The liabilities are between $50,000 and $69,000, the nominal assets be ing from $75,009 to $89,009, consisting of outstanding book accounts and stock of goods on hand. The ship Emily F. Whitney, at Boston, on the 24th. from Manilla, had two China men in her crew, who were shipped at Manilla. The collector will inquire as to then- rights under the Chinese Exclusion act. There was a report, on the 21th, that Pennock’s rolling mill at Coatsville, Pa., which had been idle the entire year, would soon resume operations with a full com plement of hands, and the Viaduct roll ing mill at the same place, running on half time, would soon commence running full time. Sink-holes have been discovered un der the tracks of the St. Paul & Duluth railroad, near Hinckley, Minn. The tracks have sunk, aud traffic is seriously interfered with. Kew York City experienced its first snow of the season on the 24th. Reports from Samoa represents the condition of affairs on that Island as growing worse day by day. With Ger man arrogance and native outrages, for eigners of other nations have a hard time of it. Owing to the failure of their fishing, caused by hard storms, the L i Poiute In dians, on the Grand Portage Reserve, in Minnesota, are in a starving condition. A five-inch fall of snow, on the 25th, impeded railway traffic in Connecticut and other down-Eastern States. Intelligence of a serious revolution in Venezuela has been received. The Republic of Colombia has deter - mined to extend its telegraph lines very widely. The revolutionists at Potosi, Bolivia, on lh9 approach of the government forces evacuated and retreated. The sale of the Great Eastern yielded £20,090. CONDENSED TELEGRAMS. On. was again struck on the 20th in tlio gas well which is being put down eighteen miles west of Chattanooga in the Se quatchie Valley. Tub District of Columbia Supreme Court on the 2(ith decided that children of slave parents, although not born in wedlock, are entitled to inherit property of parents. Josiah A. Dugger, Jr., has been ap pointed postmaster of Stiverville, Maury county, Teun., vice Isaac W. Lovell resigned. Frost fell in all portions of Florida on the night of the 25th. Bishop McTvere, of the Methodist Church South is critically ill at his home in Nashville, Tenn. The orange crop of Southern California is reported to be large enough to allow of from 2000 2500 carloads being shipped East. ■ The iron ore of Alabama is greater than that of Pennsylvania. The coal area is 11,000 square miles. The fine new steam saw and planing mill at Pocahontas, Teun., belonging to G. W. Garrett, hurried on the 23d. It had been in operation only a few days. George Rembert, with several aliases, who hails from Columbus, Ga., was arrested in Nashville, Tenn., on the 23d for doing up several business houses by obtain ing goods from them under false pretenses. During the year 3,875,525 cigars were manufactured from 82,545 pounds of to bacco iu Tennessee. About 2,204,000 pounds of tobacco was manufactured in the State, and 1,245,870 pounds sold, for which taxes were paid amouuling to $98,064.40. Government officials are just now wor rying over a robbery of the mail between Plummersville and Coblenz, Ark. This is a star route. The mails have been robbed five times within ten days, and the amount .ecured altogethor will aggregate about ,500. There were nine new cases of yellow fever reported at Jacksonville, Fla., on the 24tb. Total cases, 4,674; total deaths, 407. Three white and one negro convict were whipped at New Castle, Del., on the 24th for larceny and burglaries. They took from five to fifty lashes, lightly laid. About 250 spectators were present. Fire destroyed the Judson Female Sem inary at Marion, Ala., on the 24th. It was one of the oldest and best known institu tions in the South. The loss is $100,000; insurance, $25,000. The official returns for the State of South Catalina are: Cleveland 65,825, Harrison 13,740. Democratic majority 52,085. The total vote is 11,932 less than four veavs ago. The Democratic majority L. 45G0 greater. INTERNAL REVENUE. Vnnual Report of the Commissioner of In ternal Revenue to the Secretary of the Treasury—A Big Batch of Illicit Stills Ue strayed—The Oleomargarine Industry. Washington, Nov. 26.—The annual re port ot Josephs. Miller, Commissioner of Internal Revenue, was given to iho press last night The report covers not only the operations of the bureau during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1888, but includes some verj Interesting compara tive tables relating to production in past years, as well as additional information relating to the work of the office during the first quarter of the current fiscal year. Mr. Miller’s report shows that in ternal revenue receipts from all sources during the fiscal year were $124,326,475, or nearly four and a half millions more than his estimates. His estimates of receipts for the current year is $125,000,000, pro viding that no changes are made in exist ing ra'.es of taxation. The cost of collec tion during the past year aggregated $3,978,283; being less than three and two tenths per cent, of the amount collected/ against three and four-tenths per cent in 1887. The estimated expenses of the service for the next fiscal year are put down at $4,135,280. During the past year tobacco and its manufactures yielded $30,662,431 revenue, against $30,108,067 duriug the previous year; spirits, $69,306,116, against $65,829, - 321 in 1887, and fermented liquors $23,324, 218 last year, against $21,922,187 the year before. me revenue from oleomargarine dur* ing the past year amounted to $9,854,129, and for the eight months in 1886-87, when the tax was first placed on it, it aggre gated $723,948. During the past year 518 illicit stills were seized and removed or destroyed, and one officer, Deputy United States Marshal Trammell, of Arkansas, was killed. The year previous there were 456 seizures. The production of tobacco, snuff, cigars aud cigarettes during the year, compared with the previous year, is stated as follows: Tobacco, pounds, 201, 925,613; snuff, pounds, 7,436,989. Total tobacco aud snuff, 209,362,6)2. Increase over the last fiscal year, 2,863,081. To bacco and snuff exported, 13 5)4,227. To tal production for the fiscal year 1888, 222,866,929: increase over the fiscal year 1887, 2,638,375. Cigars number 3.844,726, (!5(); cigarettes. 1,862,721,100; total taxed, 5,707,452.750; increase over the last fiscal year, 334,642,107. Cigars exported, 143 - 625; cigarettes exported, 180,769,800; total product for the fiscal year 1887, 5,514, 640,993. On the subject of methylated spirits, the Commissioner says: “Inquiry hav ing been made at this office by Members of Congress ns to the practicability of withdrawing spirits from distillery ware houses free or* tax, for use in the me cnauical arts and protecting the revenue agaiust fraud by methylating the spirits iu bonded warehouses established for the purpose, the mlcroscopist of this office was requested to make experiments iu he chemical laboratory for the purpose of ascertaining whether such spirits could be demethylated. It appears from his report that he has succeeded by the use of a small still in separating the methyl or wood alcohol from the ethyl or taxa ble alcohol, aud iu deodorizing a portion of the alcohol through the use of bone black aud other chemical substances. It | may he urged that if the demethylatiou can not be accomplished without the use of a still, t!ie operator is readily liable to detection because of the special surveil lance required by the internal revenue laws iu the matter of stills and distilling, but I do not take 1 this view of the case. The internal revenue laws do not prohibit the use of stills by persons other than dis tillers of spirits, and, as a matter of fact, many druggists and others use stills on their premises. It is true that these law3 prohibit the making of a mash fit for the distillation of spirits, except on the prem ises of a distiller, brewer or vinegar manufacturer. It is also true that the process of mashing is readily discovered by the peculiar smell which pervades the premises on which the business is con ducted, but the process of demethylatiou does not. involve any process of mashing or fermenting, the use of the large still which even the smallest distillers who produce spirits from a mash are com peled to use. The still used in this office was among the smallest of the stills whit h druggists and others, not distillers, are permitted to use. The Commissioner devotes consider able space to oleomargarine, its produc tion, manufacture and taxations; 31,557, 527 pounds were produced at manufac tories during the year, and 21,694 627 be tween November 1, 1886, the day on which the Oleomargarine law took effect, and June 30, 1S87. There appears, he says, to have been a small increase in production during the year, and the demand for con sumption at home and abroad, is in creased. A considerable decrease in the number of manufacturers, as well as wholesale aud retail dealers, is reported. Commenting on this, Commissioner Miller says that the decrease iu the num ber ot special tax-payers has become a subject of great solicitude to this office, as it may be partly due to fraud, and adds: “The statement (appended to the report) as to the production and use of oleo oils shows that more that 27,000,000 pounds out of a product during the year of 69,000,000 pounds of this substance, in vented for the sole purpose of being used in thB manufacture of abutter substitute, was neither exported nor used, as shown by reports received at this office, in the manufacture of oleomargarine. The question as to what actually becomes of this material will never be satisfactorily answered until the manufacturers there of are compeled to account for it with the same particularity as they are re quired for the article subject to tax. It is doubtless used in the manufacture of some food product, such, for instance, as cheese. It can not be economically used as a lubricant, in the face of the faet that its market price is nearly double the | price of tallow. ---.-« »- ■ ... - They ‘*00” as They l'lease. New York, Nov. 26.—At midnight ths Marquis of Queensberry said “Go,” and he contestants in the six days go-as you-please match at Madison bouare Garden started. 0 SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. Fire at Louisville, Ky., a few days since, burned the Hopkins & Robinson j Company’s building. Loss, $40,000; in- ( surance, $17,500. In a row at New Roads, La., recently, Van Matthews and J. B. Woodruff killed each other. Wm. lh Shine, a Baltimore drummer, shot himself throngli the head at the St. James Hotel, Richmond, Vu., a few days ago. No cause is known. The millstone in Cunningham & Gallo way’s grist mill, at Galloway’s Station, Tenn., burst, a few evenings since, in stantly killing Oliver Welder and serious- j ly injuring Cunningham. The mill was wrecked. The Governor of South Carolina has commuted to thirty years’ imprisonment the death sentence of Charles Dupre, the child murderer, who was to have been hanged on the 23d in31. The criminal is a negro boy, just nine years old. The warehouse and offices of W. H. El mger & Bro., wliolesale flour dealers, at Louisville, Ky., were burned a few nights ago. Nearly 5,030 barrels of flour were destroyed. Loss on building and stocks, ; $40,000; insurance about $35,000. J. J. Barrey, of Vicksburg, Miss., re cently sank a gas well at Lake Provi dence, La. The pressure is good, and the gas burns brilliantly. It is believed the gas field is extensive. The cotton crop in West Tennessee is yielding much better than was expected a month ago. Tiie staple is larger and better than has been known for years. The streels of Jackson are crowded with : cotton bales from morning until night. | The outlook for a big holiday trade was i never better. The yellow-fever scourge has entirely abated at Decatur, Ala. John Peterson, wauted in Ashville, N. C., for murder, has been captured in Blout County, Tenn. An unsuccessful attempt was made, a few nights ago, to burn the building oc cupied by the Birmingham (Ala.) Acje Herald. Ben Harrison, a colored man of Hop kinsville, Ky., had a fit while driving a wagon, a few days since, and, falling to the ground, broke his neck, dying in stantly. John White, a young farmer living near Hopkinsville, Ky., fell from a loaded wagon, a few evenings sinoo, and broke his back, and received other serious in juries that rendered his recovery doubt ful. Dr. J. I. Walker, a well-known and ec centric citizen of Hopkinsville, Ky., died suddenly a few days siuce. He recently had a stroke of paralysis, and never rallied. Ho was a bachelor. The Garfield Club, of Knoxville, Tenn*, composed entirely of white citizens, have made arrangements to attend tha inaug uration of President Harrison in a body. Two hundred members will go, each wearing a silk hat and overcoat of the same color. The house of Jack Gregg at Leesville, Ky., was burned a few nights ago, and all the family, consisting of five persons, perished, except Gregg, who was away from the house on business. While boring for gas in Livingston County, Ky.. twelve miles from Paducah, recently, a vein of silver ore was struck at a depth of about eight hundred feet The vein is said to be about three feet thick, and considerable excitement pre vails over the find. Henry James, colored, and his wife went to a church supper at Livingstone, Ala., a few nights ago, leaving their three children locked up in the house. Upon their return they found the house in ashes, and the children burned to a crisp. John Peterson, wanted for murder at Asheville, N. C., was arrested in the mountains of Blount County, Tenn., a few days ago, by Deputy Sheriff Blanken ship. Peterson killed a man named Gooch last July, the murder being the most horrible ever known in Western North Caroliua. F. H. Varnado, a promiuent merchant of Tsyka, Miss., was shot down and in stantly killed, a few nights ago. There were no witnesses to the killing, and the assassin is unknown. O. F. Adams, city treasurer of Macon, Ga., is reported as being about $20,000 short in his accounts, and has been sus pended from office. He can give no satis factory explanation. Demands have been made on his bondsmen. Some new coal discoveries that have been made near Fordsville, Ky., on the line of the Owensboro & Falls of Rough railroad, hold out better promises thaD any of the veins yet known in ihat region. Jas. Philbeck, a farmer living in Cleve land County, N. C., was called to the door of his house a few nights ago and shot dead by an unknown party, who then en tered the premises, shot. Philbeck’s wife and robbed the house. The murderer escaped. Robert H. Hailey, or Jackson, Tenn., brakeman on the Mobile &Obio railroad, fell under the wheels while coupling cars at Guntown, Miss., a few nights ago. The cars passed over his left hand, mangling it in a fearful manuer. The unfortunate man was taken to Jackson, where four of his fingers were amputated. Jack Jones, a negro hailing from Ma con, Ga., made an unsuccessful criminal assault on Mrs. John Haggard and Miss Hedgroth, who live near Rockwood, Tenn., a few nights ago. He was afterward caught by an angry mob and lynched. The recent disappearance of Colonel J. F. Hill, from Morgan County, Ga., has been given additional interest by the dis closures of his wife. 8be says that three months ago he claimed to have had a vision in which he was ordered to divide up his property and go into a distant land where he was not known. He reached home one night from a neighbor ing town, and handed his wife the deed lor $10,(WO worth of property, keeping £5,0W in cash for himself. After giving aer explicit directions as to how to man age business, he went out into the dark less and disappeared. He settled up all ais obligations before he left. He was if'y years of age, and had always lived nappily with his wife. He leaves four children, all daughters, three of whom ire marri^ to the wealthiest men ia tile county, HUSBAND AND WIFE. The Reason Why Marriage Is Very Fre quently a Failure Many letters we have read with sad ness lately, prove that the majority of unhappy homes have resulted from too slight acquaintance previous to mar riage. A handsome face, a pretty fig ure, the step that suits in a waits, the chatter that amuses for an hour, are in too many cases all that is deemed necessary for a life-long companion ship. Others have failed because each started with the idea that marriage means getting, not giving; the man in tent only on the comfort he can obtain from an unpaid housekeeper, the woman on the attention and adulation of an ever-present lover. No altera tions in marriage laws or civil con tracts can make such unions happy or successful. Let men learn to be patient and sym pathetic. to pause sometimes in their fuller, more varied lives to brighten with a little thought and love the dull er, more monotonous ones of their women-folk; and lot woman re alize that the lives of true men and citizens can not always be cramped within their narrower home circle, and strive to take an un selfish pleasure in and to show a ready sympathy with those wider outside in terests and ambitions. Just imagine the kind of thing which a Frenchman who in theory held the legality of marriage to be unimportant to morals, would have written, and contrast it with that letter, and its note of intense, though conventional, domestic piety. There are scores of letters breathing that spirit, though usually expressed with much more clumsiness, and, to use the word which best expresses the fact, “humdruminess.” It is that quality which is to us the satisfactory feature of the letters. The humdrums are in England the immense majority, and to judge from these letters, they have no more in tention of attacking the marriage laws, as far as their main principle is con, cerned, than they have of agitating against the principle of caveat emptor, or the rule that a jury should consist of twelve. They have, in fact, never considered marriage as an institution like any other, but as a hu man condition, the very healthiest state of mind a community could en joy. It is only when a community feels that marriage needs to be sus tained by argument, that it begins tc be in danger. Even the few who would abolish marriage have never really considered their proposal, for they neither suggest a substitute, nor, apparently, have thought for an in stant what the social consequences would be, to what utter slavery it would reduce women—to whom, after forty, a threat of divorce would be like a sentence of slow death—or what the ruin it would work on the next genera tion. They propose the change to get rid of discomfort, just as they propose federation to be rid of the Irish diffi culty, or socialism to be rid of occa sional cases of suffering from want. Their lightness of thought is bad; but, like the density of their opponents’ thought, it proves that there is no real question in the public mind.— London Spectator. THE LEBEL RIFLE. A Weapon with Which France Will Tru»t Not Even Her Own Soldier*. The French value the secret of their new magazine rifle—the Lebel—so much that the troops have been or dered not to use it when mounting guard or taking part in maneuvers. For these purposes their old breech loaders of the 1874 type are to be em ployed. This plan may or may not prove effectual in preventing the Ger mans from learning the mystery of the Lebel powder, which explodes noise lessly and without producing any smoke, but it must have a perilous ten dency to bring about a repetition of the state of things which hindered the French from realizing the full superi ority of the Chass< pot during their last war with Germany. At the com mencement of that war thousands of the French troops did not even know how to fire their new rifles, and had to ask for instructions on that subject. In the present case the danger is accentuated by the issue of a new regulation forbidding men to take into account either the smoke or the noise in a battle. This is, of course, on account of the new smokeless rifle. The position of a party on the defen sive, hitherto betrayed by a cloud of smoke, will henceforth remain undis closed to the assailants, and the prac tice of forcing the enemy to deploy by a fire from a great distance will have to be abandoned. The more the at tacking party marches in serried ranks and the quicker it advances upon tho enemy the more fearful will be the losses inflicted upon it by the invisible foe. These are very momentous changes, amounting, in fact, to a revo lution in the modern art of war. But the plan of making French soldiers carry their old rifles while they go through movements appropriate only to the new arm can only lead to con . fusioa.— London Court Journal.