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TERMS TO SUBSCRIBERS. Single copy, One Year.—...-....41.5o Single copy, 8ix Months...—.- - J5 Si tide copy, Three Months. 5o *no*eription inyariablr in advance. To in jure safety, monev must be sent by Poet Office Money Order or Registered Letter. Club rates seat on application. Address THE GAZETTE CO., Poet Office Box 335. Huntsville. Alabama. SATURDAY MARCH 15, 1890 gdM— Get homes - _ Young man, aim high. “Learn to labor, and to wait.” — ■— — — ■ Where justice governs, peace reigns. Work, young umd, is the keynote of all succe s in life. iQi ■ ■ ■ Establish a character for truth j and honesty. —- - Senator Blair Las made a noble fight for the cause of free schools. Fifty-five illicit distillers have been broken up in Alabama since September 1, 1889. We hear uothing now from Gen. Wheeler on the Feedman’s Bank bill. --- Government officials have seized $500, 000 of pine in south Alabama. It was cut from government land. The three leading dummy lines at Bir mingham have been consolidated and will be operated by electricity. A Birmingham man named J. W. Malli has patented a cotton-picking ma chine which he claims is perfect. A party of Cherokee Indians is looking for treasure buried by their tribe many years ago near Birmingham. The “Negro Press” of Gadsden, Ala., has failed since the initial is sue to come to our table. A lively fight is beginning for .the Democratic nomination for Gov ernor. There is no longer any doubt on which of the fences the Rutledge (Ala.,) Wave rolls. It belongs in the front ranks of the “unterrified.” During a storm at Lufkin, Texas, the High School building was struck by light ning and five of the students were stun ned and slightly burned. Tom Cumras, aged about eighty-three, and Fannie Simmons, aged seventy-eight years, colored citizens of Meridian, Miss, -were recently joined in wedlock. It is said that a vein of iron ore over ninety feet thick has been found on the lands of Mr. Fred Sloss, near Birming ham. fcWEheai nothing this season of any measure in congress for the much needed relief of the defrauded depositors of the Freedman’s Bank, Where is congressman Cheathan that he does not move in the House a bill tor the relief of the defrauded depositors of the Freedman's Bank? Accord to every man, what you demand for yourself, the right of free speech and action as dictated by his own jadgement and conscience. The Louisville & Nashville road be tween Decatur and Birmingham will be double tracked. Only forty miles of grading will be required for the extra track. ■ ——* ■ ■ The teachers of Alabama look for ward to the meeting ot the State Teacher’s Association in April next at Tuscaloosa with great anticipa tions of pleasure and profit. The Gazette would rejoice to see the old Eighth District represented in congress by a Republican. This can only be doae by harmony within our own ranks. What are our people, negroes, colored people or Afro-American? Neither. We are Americans—free American citizens, with public rights and privileges concurrent with all other American citizens.—Omaha Progress. Right you are, Bro. Barnett. ■ ■i ■ ■'» ■ » — - ■ ' Mbs. Allbn F. Stobbs has secured a limited divorce from Qeorge M. Storrs, a son of Emory A. Storrs, on the ground of cruel treatment apd habitual drunken ness. Success of the Admlnisttatton. The success ef one year of Gen. Harrison’s administration has been very gratifying all over the country The Rochester Democrat says: The New York Tribune contains a review, several columns in length, of the first year of President Harrison’s Administration, which, both in gen eral and in detail, must be exceed inglvgratifying to the friends of good government. There has been no noise or bluster on the part of the Administration, and the affairs of the Government have been conduct ed as quietly as efficiently. There has been no posing for effect, as there was in the case of Mr. Cleve land, but General Harrison has been content to have the people judge of the Administration by its fruits. The Cleveland Leader speakes of the commercial prosperity of the country during the past year as fol lows: The Republican Admiuistrtion and the Republican Congress have fully restored confidence in all branches of business and industry, and given to producers of every cl iss an assurance of protection in the enjoyment of the best ma ket the world affords. The New York Ma 1 and Express says: Se far as the President is con cemed, the shafts of Democratic calumny have fallen harmless at his feet. His integrity, his ab'e and sag* acious and convincing State papers, his indipendence and his assertion of the rights and powers of the Execu tive have won universal respect. A voice from Montana, in the He>ald gives assurance o: satisfac tion in the far west as follows: It is the best year, taken all in all, that the United States has ever seen, and gives promise of still greater benefits in store. Alt that has been pr. mised has been fulfilled, and there are a great many thousaud more Republicans to day than ev< r before. Three years more of sig nally wise and successful admistra tion ought to make the result of the contest of 1892 simple and sure for the Republicans. Erom the Troy Times. When the facts are considered, it must be acknowledged by any man not blinded with partisan feeling, that in one year the Republican Ad ministration has settled a arge num ber of troublesome questions and cleared the ground for putting at rest many other causes af national annoyance and apprehension.— Fredonia,(N.Y.,) Censor. Negro Education. Commencing on the address of Prof. J. A. B. Lovett, of Huntsville, Ala., belore the National Educa tional Association, the Birmingham Age Herald complains that the ne gio has not advanced much that he is very slow in “catching on.” This is quite true, but not truer than it is of the Caucasians. There are some millions of whites in this country who are utterly illiterate, and they furnish a large class that is thoroughly visious and worthless. The masses of the Eng lish peop'e have been for centuries rising irom the es'ate offnedal slave ry and villianage, to one of lather low civizilation, when con pared to the status of the masses of Prussia or New England. As to the effect of negro educa tion the A.-H says. What the result of neu’ro educa tion would be, could it be suddenly accomplished, is | roblematic. V\ e beleive it would tend to sharpen the conflict between the races. The so cial lines would be no less marked than now, and the supremacy on which the whites so sharply insist would be more irksome to the educa ted negro than it is to the illiterate laborer who now constitutes the mass of the race. Negro education to, would tend to destroy that relation between the races which is now the strongest bond of amity —the relation of employer and employed. Our observation is that the few negroes who can be classed as peop'e of culture are least troubled in their minds about “social relation.” As a rule they get on with their white «fellow citizens without friction or f U88. If the Age-Herald's position is tenable, education was never intend. ed for the negro, and the usually accepted postulate that of “One blood He made all nations,” is a myth «od deception- If we are to be deterred from our plain duty in the matter, let us burn our Gospels and fall back ©n the old code that made slaves of all prisoners of war and doomed the weak to e'ernal ser vice of the strong. The notien that education will un fit the negro for his duties as an employee ot the wh te man, is not borne out by the facts of history, not even by the facts of the history of the negro in America. The most intelligent among them, as slaves and f:eemen, have been the best workers, the most efficient, the most honest. As they have advanced in knowledge in the last twenty years they have done moie and more work, for themselves and their white employers, from year to year. They are worth ten times as much as a la boring force to day as they were in 1870; they are a great deal nearer being self-supporting; they show more thrift, more business capacity, better social sens •, as they become: more intelligent. The census re turns assessmei-t rolls, and title re cords in almost every county in the South demonstrates the truth of what we assert. The negro is a human being, with essentially the same qualities, moral and mental, as the white man, though die development of the for mer is far in arrears He, Ike the white man, ill be more a credit to himself and bis country, as he be comes better acquaiu ed with his true relations to society, knows more of ! bis duty to himself and Ids fellows, The compulsory sys em of education j in Prussia lias completely abolished illiteracy in that kingdom, and its men arc lie best laborers, the best' » soldiers, lie most usefu , because thej most intelligent, population in tbei world. The negro may never—but never is a i ng time—equal his white! superior of now; but that he is slow ly getting forward is unmistakable. We for one have no fear of the con sequeces of giving him fair play, and as complete chance in the race of life as possible. We take leave to agree with Prof. Lovett and dissent from the Age-Herald absolutely. Wc believe the white people should do their duty dy the negro in the matter of affording him ample means of education, see that he uses the means correctly, and leave the results to God and the future. - Chattanooga Tiwe» . The Christian Education. Huntsville, March 7th, 1890. fulit'tr GattUe: The great need of our peop e is Christian education, that education which will cause our girls to be la dies and our boys to respect aud treat them as such. It is an undeniable fact that the more enlightened man becomes the more he shows to woman that resj ect and courtesy due her. Christianity builds itself on home and home influences and what would home be without woman; It would be no home at all. Home cant be heme without the elovati g influence of woman. She has been relegated t* back seats in the profession and in art heretofore, but now she is coming to the font and assuming her place as the equal of man, and our college! do.;rsare being opened to her on the ! same circumstances as they are to men, not only this but others that1 pertain more especially to the voca tions followed by them are being o-, peued for her especial benefit, such as nurses, missionaries and othe kinds many more will yet be needed, for the work in this direction has just commenced. But I know of no profession having been made in this line for our girls. Give our girls a Christian educa tion and train their nandsas well as the heart aud head and then send them forth to train others and I feel satisfied that more good will be done than with the same number of boys so trained. My visit to the Central Alabama Academy, where I have witnessed their recitations and enjoyed the Literary meetings, has convinced me that th'S school is doing much good in the right direct, viz, training our boys and girls to become good and useful citizens in afterlife. At the last meeting of the society the subject for debate was resolved that coeducation of the sexes is advis able. affirmative, J C Sammons and J A K Sholer. Negative, Miss Minnie Manning and Miss Minnie Dahn. The subject was well handled and very interesting to all present. I’was struck very forcibly with the absence of our older folks. Parents should show their children that they are interested in all of their movements A Visitor. Regal'd in:; the Acquisition of More Land from Mexico. Our National Faith Pledged Against the Policy. No Hope of Arizona Securing tli# Coveted Deep Water Port on the Gulf off Cali fornia Iffy Mexico Ceding to the United Htatea .Sufficient Territory for Tha< Purpose. Washington, March 14. — Senator Sherman Wednesday, in asking the sen ate to discharge the committee on for eign relations from further considera tion of and to lay on the table a memo rial of the legislate e assembly of the territory of Arizona, praying the presi dent and congress to enter into a negoci atiou with the Republic of Mexico for the cession of sufficient territory adjoin ing Arizona on the southern boundary to secure a deep water port upon the -Gulf of California, which would afford an outlet for the products of the terri tory. laid before the senate some very interesting documents of a diplomatic (character. Senator, Sherman, as chairman of the committee, referred the memorial to Secretary Blaine with a request for his ooimbu with regard to it, and th s is the secretary’s reply: "Resjvending to your persona) re juest for my views in regard to this petition, 1 beg leave to say that 1 can discern no hopeful prospect of any n ‘gotiation being successfully conducted with Mex ico at the present time, oven toward the limited object in view. The temper of the statesmen and people of Mexico has been only recently manifested with re gard to the alienation of any nai l of the National territory, by the proinin-:tce given in ceitain circles on the 1 acific coast to a movement for the acquisition of all or a part of Lower California by purchase, l'or the information of your committee 1 transmit herewith a c >py of a memoian linn prepared by the Mexi can minister of a conversation which he had with me on tiiis sub.ect on .June C last, together with Senor Mariscal's memory nlum of May 00. l<S.v.>, of which Mr. Romero g ive me a cop .-. 1 hold, unhesitatingly, that the govern meutof the United Statists precluded by obligations of traditional good faith from approaching the government, of Mexico with a view to acquiring any Cart of Mexican territory, and 1 e ually elieve that no administration of Mexico could face the manifestations of Na tional sentiment that would certainly at tend any indication of a disposition to infringe the provisions of the Mexican constitution, which withhold from the government the power to cede Mexi can soil. •‘Moreover, even did the subject prom ise a favorable negotiation, the petition fails to set forth the proposition in suffi cient detail. The northern and eastern shore of the Gulf of California does not apj>ear to offer a deep-water port until Laberted (Lobes) is reached, si me 200 miles from the delta of the Colorado, and the country between that coast and the present southern limit of Arizona is broken and appears ill-adapted to be a highway of intercourse. Guaymas and the Sonora railroad, running thence to Nogales constitute the present channel of outlet from Arizona to the Gulf of California.” Then follows a translation of the memorandum which Senor Mariscal, the Mexican minister for foreign affairs, under date of May 20, 1889, sent to Senor Romero, the Mexican minister to the United Slates, and which the latter, under instructions,, laid before Secretary Blaine, as stated in the secretary’s letter to Senator Sherman. The memorandum prepared by Min ister Romero of the conversation had with Secretary Blaine in June last, on the occasion of the presentation of the communication of Senor Mariscal, after stating that at the secretary’s request the minister left with him the Spanish text and the English translation of Senor Mariscal’s note, says: “The secretary of state then informed the minister that his personal views and those of the United States government with respect to the annexation of Mexican territory were expressed in his note to Mr. Morgan, the United States minister at Mexico, dated June 1, 1881, and which was published in the diplomatic corre spondence appended to the president’s message of that year. He added that the United States government did not think even remotely of acquiring any portion of Mexican territory, and that it would not support any project having such an object in view, as the United States had all the territory that they required for their progress and welfare, and desired no more. “The secretary of state further stated that the United States government could not prevent the newspapers or the citi zens of this country from saying what they pleased on that or any other sub ject: but as regarded the acquisition of Mexican territory by the United States, he felt certain that the statesmens made were of no importance whatever, since public opinion did not favor further ac quisitions, and that, even if any other administration should favor them, he thought that it would meet with no sup port in the country for such a design. “In conclusion the secretary or state promised the Mexican minister that he would reply in writing to the note of the minister of foreign relations of Mexico, which had been read to him by the min ister of that republic.” Two Murderers Lynrhed. Hunter Springs, W. Va.. March 14.— A courier from Princeton brings news that Bell Allen and Wither Irving, both colored, charged with the murder of Constable Belcher, were taken from the Mercer county jail by a mob Saturday night and shot to death. Both were notorious desperadoes, and had killed three men before the Belcher murder. It is likely that Oscar Falks, another colored murderer, who killed a man over in Tazewell county, Va., in No vember, has shared the fate of Allen and Irving.___ Revolt in a MUsivitippi College. Columbus, Miss., March 14.—There is a revolt in the Mississippi industrial in stitute and female college against Pro fessor Coeke, the president. Two huu dred of the students and a number of teachers have left the institution, and have sent a communication to Governor Stone asking him to investigate the methods of Professor Coeke, whom they charge with being incompetent and in ather respects unfitted tot the position. A MOB DISPERSED By the Bravery of Tool Hea led Officials at Columbia, S. C. A Cannon Placed in Position to Bombard the Jail, But a M Fa of I*o:ice, With Drawn R %•© vers Quickly Scatter the Crow< !, W iilch L:tck *ii Oi a^mizui Ion •■el Leaders — Further Trouble Bx* peeled t * Sav * Turn *r‘ i Lift?. s’Harl *>3fo, S. C.. March i»,—The following was receive 1 from Columbia, til is state. Aiondav night: The fe ling against id. S. Turner, the wealthy factor / owner of Spartanburg, who seduced his sister-in-law and mur dered his ’brother-in law, Edward Finger, has been increasing in bitterness ever since the tragedy, and culminated tiiis afternoon in an attempt to lynch him. A tout noon a crowd of 400 men assem bled in the city, and openly avowed that they had come to take Turner out of jail and lynch him. An organized party of 200 men from North Carolina was ex pected. but did not come. Sheriff Not hols took prompt measures to def end the jail and had it made known to the crowd that he intended to protect his prisoner, whatever might be the consequences. A C muon Brou;lit Out. The would-be lvnc!ie*s thought to make their onslau . it more effective by the use of a cannon. They rallied anil jcir'eyed and threatened, and hnaily some of them wen to the encampment g.ouuds with a pair of males and hauled i euce a twelve-pounder field pi.ee. 'J his they pi mted on Magnolia street, mar its in ersectiou with Main. At tii'1 foot of Magao ia str *et stands the jaii about 1‘JU feet from bain and facing it. F.vi* Brave IN»lie«t:»e;i. The camion had just been placed in position 'ne i Ala/or tlenn.-man mount ea the gun. o de ed the crowd to dis perse and directed his police to clear the streets. This was done, and the crowd, then reduced to about seventy tire, met the drawn revolvers of the five pollc6 m ti. On the first effort of the police to remove the crowd from aliout the eau n m. some of the latter ma le ready to draw their pist >ls. bat desisted and re treated. A shot tired at an/ time would surely have led to bloodshed. Tin* Cam «> * Spiked. The firm less and co.dno ;s of the police prevented serious troubles. A policeman spiked the cannon, and several of the mob rushed in to gain possession of the piece, but were driven off by Sheriff Nichols and his pos^e, who hail by this time arrived on the scene. The lynchers, lacking organization and leaders from the first, were badly de moralized by the ridiculous failure of their attempt to bombard the jail. They soon scattered, and the trouble was apparently over. Persons in the crowd were hear 1 to say that the lynch ers had re'ired only for better prepara tions: that they woald come for Turner later, and would have him yet. More Trouble Expected. The general belief is that the danger of an attack on the jail is not great, yet sufficient to justify measure of defense on the part of the sheriff. That officer, with a po.se of picked men, well armed, is now in the jail building. He says he means to defend the jad with h's life, if necessary, and nobody who knows the man doubts his purpose. If the jail be attacked there will be bloodshed. Gov ernor Richardson lias telegraphed the sheriff to call on the Spartanburg state troops, if necessary. ON THE RAMPAGE. Big Gas Well at Marion, Iud.. Accident ally Fired and Beyond Control. Marion, Ind., March 12.—A tire and water carnival, the like of which has probably never occurred in the gas belt, is now in progress on the hill ju3t off this city, at a depth of 250 feet. The drillers struck an immense vein of water, which was cased off at a depth of 000 feet. A tremendous flow of gas was developed, the pressure of which lifted the casing and let in the water r »e, producing a veritable geyser. Toe well had been nearly controlled, when an old man, named Jackson, came into the derrick and struck a match to light his pipe. Instantly there w as an explosion. The workmen were blown through the der rick, and Jackson narrowly escaped being roasted alive. The derrick was burned down, and all efforts tc restrain the well or even put out the fire have proved futile. The strange spectable of a resistless volum^ of lire and water issuing from the same pijie is now pre sented. The column is shot to a height of 100 feet, and escapes with a roar that is appalling. The contractors are con juring their brains to devise some means for controlling the monster, while thou sands of people are coming for miles around to witness the sublime spectacle. Like a Fiction of Dicken*. Pekin. 111.,March 12.—Four policemen surrounded a den kept by Link Hum mell and B 11 Luckey Sunday night and endeavored to arrest them for the mur- I der of Junghans, the German horse 1 buyer of Peoria, whose l>ody was found in the Illinois river Saturday. As the policemen burst in the doors the tw o ruffians dropped through a trap door and escaped to the river by means of a sewer. | Two cyprians living with them were ar- j rested, and t.fie murdered man's watch, chain and ring found on them. Jung hans was enticed into the den on Friday, his head split open and his body con veyed to the river by means of the trap door and sewer. He had draw n $2,000 from the bank on Thursday, and intend ed leaving for New York Friday. A.U of the police have orders to kill either Hummell or Luckey on sight, as they are desperate characters and have com mitted many crimes. North Dakota and Lotteries Fargo, N. Dak., March 12.—There is good reason to believe the lottery scheme will be brought up again in the legisla ture. It is said additional strength has been gained tnrough the seed wheat commission, and that a new bill, which increases the tribute annually from $15, 000 to $150,000 and raises the price of a charter from $25,000 to $50,000, will he pushed. The seed wheat question will be used w ith powerful effect, this propo sition furnishing a solution of the diffi- ! culty. At the latest the matter will coma up Wednesday, but the lottery men an quietly confident of ■ucrwn The shortest and best line to all nointa East and West. Finest Sleeping Car Service in the South THROUGH SLEEPERS between Memphis and Washington and Memphis and New York without change. 1 Call on or Write to. B W WRENN C A DESAUS8URE GP&TA AGP* Knoxville, Tenn. Memnhts tL. J. M. SANFORD, T A. Huntsville aU*’W No. 1 arrive 1101 p. a*. 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In case your mark is not registered In the Pit ant Office, apply to MUNN A Co., and procar* immadtate protection. Send for Handbook. COPYRIGHTS for books, charts, uispi, ftc., quickly procured. Address x ftlL'UN Ac CO., Patent Selicltori. \fc 4JJOi*ftAL Ornci: 361 BBOAfiWAr, n. I. Fresh cool later Beer always ou tap. s The finest stock of i Native & Foreign [ Wines in the city to !*• found at the Sa loon of W. F. STROVE. Neuralgic Versons And those troubled with nervousness resulting from care or overwork will he relieved by taking Brown’s Iron Bitters, cenulm has trade mark and crossed red lines on wrapper. LADIES Needing a tonic, or children that want building up, should take BROWS'S IRON BITTERS. It is pleasant to take, cures Malaria, ludlges Hon. and Biliousness. All dealers keep It. W. E. BROWN. Public and Genera! Land Lawyer HUNTSVILLE, ALA. Ho iqe$ teialq, E1 q al 1 Voofs,Contend Patent*, nml all Difficult l.uutl LIFE OP THE HON. JEFFERSON • DAVIS BY MRS. JEFFERSON DAVIS. TO BE SOU) BY SUBSCItlPTIOS ONLY. The prospectus and com plete outfit for canvassing will be ready Immediately. AGENTS wanting Desirable Territory on this great work will please address, as soon as possible, the publishers, BELFORD COMPANY, fln 18-22 r, IHtl. St._New ^ NOTICE I'WK publication* Land Office at Hcntbviu*. A! a February 3rd, 1*90 1 Notice is hereby given that the followin*'-a* ed settler h 8 filed notice of his ti't*"h' ^ make final pr of in support of his rlttm, that said proof will be made tiefore tic Kl» and Receiver at Huntsville, Ala , on the 21 <9, (lay of flareli 1*90 viz; Homestead Entry No l'/>:.! J. fryer for the Northwest quarter .Section -i ship 7 South Range I West. r ( He names the following witnesses to pc'™ Continuous residence upon ami cuno said laiid, viz: . m William M. P’lack, of Apple drove J C. slate, of ‘‘ .l-oarna 1). F. fryer, of Woodland Mil ' A“*. Marion • risco, of “ , j WM f.'WEI-W. 2 ft-fit. ___ ^— NOTICE FOB PUBLICATION. L**°OFF..:. Notice is hereby given.that to named settler has hied notice of ' f tDd make final proof in support of nis - x, that said proof will be made be'"* lne and Receiver at Huntsville, Ala., a« h.tlaj *f If arch I-**90* ^ viz: Hd. E. No. 14.14S■ ^‘"rU ^l"'u Southeast quarter of Nortueas' * JO Township 6 South Range I >ye, topr,llL He names the following » d , ll)tjv(,tioo • continuous residence upon said land, viz: ... ^laml Mill*'./ kos veil B. Overstreet, " 0 Eddy Overstreet, .. •* ,. Powhaton B. W illiams, , Samuel S. Jennings, ,• VVtLU iteguta' 2-»—Ot.