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THE GAZETTE CO.,
Poet Office Box 335. Huntsville. Alabama.
SATURDAY MARCH 15, 1890
Get homes - _
Young man, aim high.
“Learn to labor, and to wait.”
— ■— — — ■
Where justice governs, peace
Work, young umd, is the keynote
of all succe s in life.
iQi ■ ■ ■
Establish a character for truth j
Senator Blair Las made a noble
fight for the cause of free schools.
Fifty-five illicit distillers have been
broken up in Alabama since September
We hear uothing now from Gen.
Wheeler on the Feedman’s Bank
Government officials have seized $500,
000 of pine in south Alabama. It was
cut from government land.
The three leading dummy lines at Bir
mingham have been consolidated and
will be operated by electricity.
A Birmingham man named J. W.
Malli has patented a cotton-picking ma
chine which he claims is perfect.
A party of Cherokee Indians is looking
for treasure buried by their tribe many
years ago near Birmingham.
The “Negro Press” of Gadsden,
Ala., has failed since the initial is
sue to come to our table.
A lively fight is beginning for
.the Democratic nomination for Gov
There is no longer any doubt on
which of the fences the Rutledge
(Ala.,) Wave rolls. It belongs in
the front ranks of the “unterrified.”
During a storm at Lufkin, Texas, the
High School building was struck by light
ning and five of the students were stun
ned and slightly burned.
Tom Cumras, aged about eighty-three,
and Fannie Simmons, aged seventy-eight
years, colored citizens of Meridian, Miss,
-were recently joined in wedlock.
It is said that a vein of iron ore over
ninety feet thick has been found on the
lands of Mr. Fred Sloss, near Birming
fcWEheai nothing this season of
any measure in congress for the
much needed relief of the defrauded
depositors of the Freedman’s Bank,
Where is congressman Cheathan
that he does not move in the House
a bill tor the relief of the defrauded
depositors of the Freedman's Bank?
Accord to every man, what you
demand for yourself, the right of free
speech and action as dictated by his
own jadgement and conscience.
The Louisville & Nashville road be
tween Decatur and Birmingham will be
double tracked. Only forty miles of
grading will be required for the extra
■ ——* ■ ■
The teachers of Alabama look for
ward to the meeting ot the State
Teacher’s Association in April next
at Tuscaloosa with great anticipa
tions of pleasure and profit.
The Gazette would rejoice to see
the old Eighth District represented
in congress by a Republican. This
can only be doae by harmony within
our own ranks.
What are our people, negroes,
colored people or Afro-American?
Neither. We are Americans—free
American citizens, with public rights
and privileges concurrent with all
other American citizens.—Omaha
Right you are, Bro. Barnett.
■ ■i ■ ■'» ■ » — - ■ '
Mbs. Allbn F. Stobbs has secured a
limited divorce from Qeorge M. Storrs, a
son of Emory A. Storrs, on the ground of
cruel treatment apd habitual drunken
Success of the Admlnisttatton.
The success ef one year of Gen.
Harrison’s administration has been
very gratifying all over the country
The Rochester Democrat says:
The New York Tribune contains a
review, several columns in length, of
the first year of President Harrison’s
Administration, which, both in gen
eral and in detail, must be exceed
inglvgratifying to the friends of
good government. There has been
no noise or bluster on the part of the
Administration, and the affairs of
the Government have been conduct
ed as quietly as efficiently. There
has been no posing for effect, as
there was in the case of Mr. Cleve
land, but General Harrison has been
content to have the people judge of
the Administration by its fruits.
The Cleveland Leader speakes of
the commercial prosperity of the
country during the past year as fol
The Republican Admiuistrtion
and the Republican Congress have
fully restored confidence in all
branches of business and industry,
and given to producers of every cl iss
an assurance of protection in the
enjoyment of the best ma ket the
The New York Ma 1 and Express
Se far as the President is con
cemed, the shafts of Democratic
calumny have fallen harmless at his
feet. His integrity, his ab'e and sag*
acious and convincing State papers,
his indipendence and his assertion of
the rights and powers of the Execu
tive have won universal respect.
A voice from Montana, in the
He>ald gives assurance o: satisfac
tion in the far west as follows:
It is the best year, taken all in all,
that the United States has ever seen,
and gives promise of still greater
benefits in store. Alt that has been
pr. mised has been fulfilled, and
there are a great many thousaud
more Republicans to day than ev< r
before. Three years more of sig
nally wise and successful admistra
tion ought to make the result of the
contest of 1892 simple and sure for
Erom the Troy Times.
When the facts are considered, it
must be acknowledged by any man
not blinded with partisan feeling,
that in one year the Republican Ad
ministration has settled a arge num
ber of troublesome questions and
cleared the ground for putting at
rest many other causes af national
annoyance and apprehension.—
Commencing on the address of
Prof. J. A. B. Lovett, of Huntsville,
Ala., belore the National Educa
tional Association, the Birmingham
Age Herald complains that the ne
gio has not advanced much that he
is very slow in “catching on.” This
is quite true, but not truer than it is
of the Caucasians.
There are some millions of whites
in this country who are utterly
illiterate, and they furnish a large
class that is thoroughly visious and
worthless. The masses of the Eng
lish peop'e have been for centuries
rising irom the es'ate offnedal slave
ry and villianage, to one of lather
low civizilation, when con pared to
the status of the masses of Prussia or
As to the effect of negro educa
tion the A.-H says.
What the result of neu’ro educa
tion would be, could it be suddenly
accomplished, is | roblematic. V\ e
beleive it would tend to sharpen the
conflict between the races. The so
cial lines would be no less marked
than now, and the supremacy on
which the whites so sharply insist
would be more irksome to the educa
ted negro than it is to the illiterate
laborer who now constitutes the mass
of the race.
Negro education to, would tend to
destroy that relation between the
races which is now the strongest bond
of amity —the relation of employer
Our observation is that the few
negroes who can be classed as peop'e
of culture are least troubled in their
minds about “social relation.” As
a rule they get on with their white
«fellow citizens without friction or
If the Age-Herald's position is
tenable, education was never intend.
ed for the negro, and the usually
accepted postulate that of “One
blood He made all nations,” is a
myth «od deception- If we are to
be deterred from our plain duty in
the matter, let us burn our Gospels
and fall back ©n the old code that
made slaves of all prisoners of war
and doomed the weak to e'ernal ser
vice of the strong.
The notien that education will un
fit the negro for his duties as an
employee ot the wh te man, is not
borne out by the facts of history,
not even by the facts of the history
of the negro in America. The most
intelligent among them, as slaves
and f:eemen, have been the best
workers, the most efficient, the most
honest. As they have advanced in
knowledge in the last twenty years
they have done moie and more
work, for themselves and their white
employers, from year to year. They
are worth ten times as much as a la
boring force to day as they were in
1870; they are a great deal nearer
being self-supporting; they show
more thrift, more business capacity,
better social sens •, as they become:
more intelligent. The census re
turns assessmei-t rolls, and title re
cords in almost every county in the
South demonstrates the truth of
what we assert.
The negro is a human being, with
essentially the same qualities, moral
and mental, as the white man,
though die development of the for
mer is far in arrears He, Ike the
white man, ill be more a credit to
himself and bis country, as he be
comes better acquaiu ed with his true
relations to society, knows more of
bis duty to himself and Ids fellows,
The compulsory sys em of education j
in Prussia lias completely abolished
illiteracy in that kingdom, and its
men arc lie best laborers, the best'
soldiers, lie most usefu , because thej
most intelligent, population in tbei
world. The negro may never—but
never is a i ng time—equal his white!
superior of now; but that he is slow
ly getting forward is unmistakable.
We for one have no fear of the con
sequeces of giving him fair play, and
as complete chance in the race of
life as possible. We take leave to
agree with Prof. Lovett and dissent
from the Age-Herald absolutely.
Wc believe the white people should
do their duty dy the negro in the
matter of affording him ample
means of education, see that he uses
the means correctly, and leave the
results to God and the future. -
Chattanooga Tiwe» .
The Christian Education.
Huntsville, March 7th, 1890.
The great need of our peop e is
Christian education, that education
which will cause our girls to be la
dies and our boys to respect aud treat
them as such. It is an undeniable
fact that the more enlightened man
becomes the more he shows to woman
that resj ect and courtesy due her.
Christianity builds itself on home
and home influences and what would
home be without woman;
It would be no home at all. Home
cant be heme without the elovati g
influence of woman.
She has been relegated t* back
seats in the profession and in art
heretofore, but now she is coming to
the font and assuming her place as
the equal of man, and our college!
do.;rsare being opened to her on the !
same circumstances as they are to
men, not only this but others that1
pertain more especially to the voca
tions followed by them are being o-,
peued for her especial benefit, such
as nurses, missionaries and othe kinds
many more will yet be needed, for
the work in this direction has just
But I know of no profession having
been made in this line for our girls.
Give our girls a Christian educa
tion and train their nandsas well as
the heart aud head and then send
them forth to train others and I feel
satisfied that more good will be done
than with the same number of boys
My visit to the Central Alabama
Academy, where I have witnessed
their recitations and enjoyed the
Literary meetings, has convinced me
that th'S school is doing much good
in the right direct, viz, training our
boys and girls to become good and
useful citizens in afterlife.
At the last meeting of the society
the subject for debate was resolved
that coeducation of the sexes is advis
affirmative, J C Sammons and J A
Negative, Miss Minnie Manning
and Miss Minnie Dahn.
The subject was well handled and
very interesting to all present.
I’was struck very forcibly with
the absence of our older folks.
Parents should show their children
that they are interested in all of their
movements A Visitor.
Regal'd in:; the Acquisition of
More Land from Mexico.
Our National Faith Pledged
Against the Policy.
No Hope of Arizona Securing tli# Coveted
Deep Water Port on the Gulf off Cali
fornia Iffy Mexico Ceding to the United
Htatea .Sufficient Territory for Tha<
Washington, March 14. — Senator
Sherman Wednesday, in asking the sen
ate to discharge the committee on for
eign relations from further considera
tion of and to lay on the table a memo
rial of the legislate e assembly of the
territory of Arizona, praying the presi
dent and congress to enter into a negoci
atiou with the Republic of Mexico for
the cession of sufficient territory adjoin
ing Arizona on the southern boundary
to secure a deep water port upon the
-Gulf of California, which would afford
an outlet for the products of the terri
tory. laid before the senate some very
interesting documents of a diplomatic
Senator, Sherman, as chairman of the
committee, referred the memorial to
Secretary Blaine with a request for his
ooimbu with regard to it, and th s is the
"Resjvending to your persona) re juest
for my views in regard to this petition,
1 beg leave to say that 1 can discern no
hopeful prospect of any n ‘gotiation
being successfully conducted with Mex
ico at the present time, oven toward the
limited object in view. The temper of
the statesmen and people of Mexico has
been only recently manifested with re
gard to the alienation of any nai l of the
National territory, by the proinin-:tce
given in ceitain circles on the 1 acific
coast to a movement for the acquisition
of all or a part of Lower California by
purchase, l'or the information of your
committee 1 transmit herewith a c >py of
a memoian linn prepared by the Mexi
can minister of a conversation which he
had with me on tiiis sub.ect on .June C
last, together with Senor Mariscal's
memory nlum of May 00. l<S.v.>, of
which Mr. Romero g ive me a cop .-. 1
hold, unhesitatingly, that the govern
meutof the United Statists precluded by
obligations of traditional good faith
from approaching the government, of
Mexico with a view to acquiring any
Cart of Mexican territory, and 1 e ually
elieve that no administration of Mexico
could face the manifestations of Na
tional sentiment that would certainly at
tend any indication of a disposition to
infringe the provisions of the Mexican
constitution, which withhold from
the government the power to cede Mexi
•‘Moreover, even did the subject prom
ise a favorable negotiation, the petition
fails to set forth the proposition in suffi
cient detail. The northern and eastern
shore of the Gulf of California does not
apj>ear to offer a deep-water port until
Laberted (Lobes) is reached, si me 200
miles from the delta of the Colorado,
and the country between that coast and
the present southern limit of Arizona is
broken and appears ill-adapted to be a
highway of intercourse. Guaymas and
the Sonora railroad, running thence to
Nogales constitute the present channel
of outlet from Arizona to the Gulf of
Then follows a translation of the
memorandum which Senor Mariscal,
the Mexican minister for foreign affairs,
under date of May 20, 1889, sent to
Senor Romero, the Mexican minister to
the United Slates, and which the latter,
under instructions,, laid before Secretary
Blaine, as stated in the secretary’s letter
to Senator Sherman.
The memorandum prepared by Min
ister Romero of the conversation had
with Secretary Blaine in June last, on
the occasion of the presentation of the
communication of Senor Mariscal, after
stating that at the secretary’s request
the minister left with him the Spanish
text and the English translation of
Senor Mariscal’s note, says:
“The secretary of state then informed
the minister that his personal views and
those of the United States government
with respect to the annexation of Mexican
territory were expressed in his note to
Mr. Morgan, the United States minister
at Mexico, dated June 1, 1881, and which
was published in the diplomatic corre
spondence appended to the president’s
message of that year. He added that the
United States government did not think
even remotely of acquiring any portion
of Mexican territory, and that it would
not support any project having such an
object in view, as the United States had
all the territory that they required for
their progress and welfare, and desired
“The secretary of state further stated
that the United States government could
not prevent the newspapers or the citi
zens of this country from saying what
they pleased on that or any other sub
ject: but as regarded the acquisition of
Mexican territory by the United States,
he felt certain that the statesmens made
were of no importance whatever, since
public opinion did not favor further ac
quisitions, and that, even if any other
administration should favor them, he
thought that it would meet with no sup
port in the country for such a design.
“In conclusion the secretary or state
promised the Mexican minister that he
would reply in writing to the note of the
minister of foreign relations of Mexico,
which had been read to him by the min
ister of that republic.”
Two Murderers Lynrhed.
Hunter Springs, W. Va.. March 14.—
A courier from Princeton brings news
that Bell Allen and Wither Irving, both
colored, charged with the murder of
Constable Belcher, were taken from the
Mercer county jail by a mob Saturday
night and shot to death. Both were
notorious desperadoes, and had killed
three men before the Belcher murder.
It is likely that Oscar Falks, another
colored murderer, who killed a man
over in Tazewell county, Va., in No
vember, has shared the fate of Allen and
Revolt in a MUsivitippi College.
Columbus, Miss., March 14.—There is
a revolt in the Mississippi industrial in
stitute and female college against Pro
fessor Coeke, the president. Two huu
dred of the students and a number of
teachers have left the institution, and
have sent a communication to Governor
Stone asking him to investigate the
methods of Professor Coeke, whom they
charge with being incompetent and in
ather respects unfitted tot the position.
A MOB DISPERSED
By the Bravery of Tool Hea led
Officials at Columbia, S. C.
A Cannon Placed in Position
to Bombard the Jail,
But a M Fa of I*o:ice, With
Drawn R %•© vers Quickly Scatter the
Crow< !, W iilch L:tck *ii Oi a^mizui Ion
•■el Leaders — Further Trouble Bx*
peeled t * Sav * Turn *r‘ i Lift?.
s’Harl *>3fo, S. C.. March i»,—The
following was receive 1 from Columbia,
til is state. Aiondav night:
The fe ling against id. S. Turner, the
wealthy factor / owner of Spartanburg,
who seduced his sister-in-law and mur
dered his ’brother-in law, Edward Finger,
has been increasing in bitterness ever
since the tragedy, and culminated tiiis
afternoon in an attempt to lynch him.
A tout noon a crowd of 400 men assem
bled in the city, and openly avowed that
they had come to take Turner out of jail
and lynch him. An organized party of
200 men from North Carolina was ex
pected. but did not come.
Sheriff Not hols took prompt measures
to def end the jail and had it made
known to the crowd that he intended to
protect his prisoner, whatever might be
A C muon Brou;lit Out.
The would-be lvnc!ie*s thought to
make their onslau . it more effective by
the use of a cannon. They rallied anil
jcir'eyed and threatened, and hnaily
some of them wen to the encampment
g.ouuds with a pair of males and hauled
i euce a twelve-pounder field pi.ee.
'J his they pi mted on Magnolia street,
mar its in ersectiou with Main. At
tii'1 foot of Magao ia str *et stands the
jaii about 1‘JU feet from bain and facing
F.vi* Brave IN»lie«t:»e;i.
The camion had just been placed in
position 'ne i Ala/or tlenn.-man mount
ea the gun. o de ed the crowd to dis
perse and directed his police to clear the
streets. This was done, and the crowd,
then reduced to about seventy tire, met
the drawn revolvers of the five pollc6
m ti. On the first effort of the police to
remove the crowd from aliout the eau
n m. some of the latter ma le ready to
draw their pist >ls. bat desisted and re
treated. A shot tired at an/ time would
surely have led to bloodshed.
Tin* Cam «> * Spiked.
The firm less and co.dno ;s of the police
prevented serious troubles. A policeman
spiked the cannon, and several of the
mob rushed in to gain possession of the
piece, but were driven off by Sheriff
Nichols and his pos^e, who hail by this
time arrived on the scene.
The lynchers, lacking organization and
leaders from the first, were badly de
moralized by the ridiculous failure of
their attempt to bombard the jail.
They soon scattered, and the trouble
was apparently over. Persons in the
crowd were hear 1 to say that the lynch
ers had re'ired only for better prepara
tions: that they woald come for Turner
later, and would have him yet.
More Trouble Expected.
The general belief is that the danger
of an attack on the jail is not great, yet
sufficient to justify measure of defense
on the part of the sheriff. That officer,
with a po.se of picked men, well armed,
is now in the jail building. He says he
means to defend the jad with h's life, if
necessary, and nobody who knows the
man doubts his purpose. If the jail be
attacked there will be bloodshed. Gov
ernor Richardson lias telegraphed the
sheriff to call on the Spartanburg state
troops, if necessary.
ON THE RAMPAGE.
Big Gas Well at Marion, Iud.. Accident
ally Fired and Beyond Control.
Marion, Ind., March 12.—A tire and
water carnival, the like of which has
probably never occurred in the gas belt,
is now in progress on the hill ju3t off
this city, at a depth of 250 feet. The
drillers struck an immense vein of
water, which was cased off at a depth
of 000 feet. A tremendous flow of gas
was developed, the pressure of which
lifted the casing and let in the water
r »e, producing a veritable geyser.
Toe well had been nearly controlled,
when an old man, named Jackson, came
into the derrick and struck a match to
light his pipe.
Instantly there w as an explosion. The
workmen were blown through the der
rick, and Jackson narrowly escaped
being roasted alive. The derrick was
burned down, and all efforts tc restrain
the well or even put out the fire have
proved futile. The strange spectable of
a resistless volum^ of lire and water
issuing from the same pijie is now pre
sented. The column is shot to a height
of 100 feet, and escapes with a roar that
is appalling. The contractors are con
juring their brains to devise some means
for controlling the monster, while thou
sands of people are coming for miles
around to witness the sublime spectacle.
Like a Fiction of Dicken*.
Pekin. 111.,March 12.—Four policemen
surrounded a den kept by Link Hum
mell and B 11 Luckey Sunday night and
endeavored to arrest them for the mur- I
der of Junghans, the German horse 1
buyer of Peoria, whose l>ody was found
in the Illinois river Saturday. As the
policemen burst in the doors the tw o
ruffians dropped through a trap door and
escaped to the river by means of a sewer. |
Two cyprians living with them were ar- j
rested, and t.fie murdered man's watch,
chain and ring found on them. Jung
hans was enticed into the den on Friday,
his head split open and his body con
veyed to the river by means of the trap
door and sewer. He had draw n $2,000
from the bank on Thursday, and intend
ed leaving for New York Friday. A.U
of the police have orders to kill either
Hummell or Luckey on sight, as they
are desperate characters and have com
mitted many crimes.
North Dakota and Lotteries
Fargo, N. Dak., March 12.—There is
good reason to believe the lottery scheme
will be brought up again in the legisla
ture. It is said additional strength has
been gained tnrough the seed wheat
commission, and that a new bill, which
increases the tribute annually from $15,
000 to $150,000 and raises the price of
a charter from $25,000 to $50,000, will he
pushed. The seed wheat question will
be used w ith powerful effect, this propo
sition furnishing a solution of the diffi- !
culty. At the latest the matter will
coma up Wednesday, but the lottery men
an quietly confident of ■ucrwn
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TO BE SOU) BY SUBSCItlPTIOS
The prospectus and com
plete outfit for canvassing will
be ready Immediately.
AGENTS wanting Desirable Territory
on this great work will please
address, as soon as possible,
fln 18-22 r, IHtl. St._New ^
NOTICE I'WK publication*
Land Office at Hcntbviu*. A! a
February 3rd, 1*90 1
Notice is hereby given that the followin*'-a*
ed settler h 8 filed notice of his ti't*"h' ^
make final pr of in support of his rlttm,
that said proof will be made tiefore tic Kl»
and Receiver at Huntsville, Ala , on the
21 <9, (lay of flareli 1*90
viz; Homestead Entry No l'/>:.! J.
fryer for the Northwest quarter .Section -i
ship 7 South Range I West. r (
He names the following witnesses to pc'™
Continuous residence upon ami cuno
said laiid, viz: . m
William M. P’lack, of Apple drove
J C. slate, of ‘‘ .l-oarna
1). F. fryer, of Woodland Mil ' A“*.
Marion • risco, of “ , j
2 ft-fit. ___ ^—
NOTICE FOB PUBLICATION.
Notice is hereby given.that to
named settler has hied notice of ' f tDd
make final proof in support of nis - x,
that said proof will be made be'"* lne
and Receiver at Huntsville, Ala.,
a« h.tlaj *f If arch I-**90* ^
viz: Hd. E. No. 14.14S■ ^‘"rU ^l"'u
Southeast quarter of Nortueas' *
JO Township 6 South Range I >ye, topr,llL
He names the following » d , ll)tjv(,tioo •
continuous residence upon
said land, viz: ... ^laml Mill*'./
kos veil B. Overstreet, " 0
Eddy Overstreet, .. •* ,.
Powhaton B. W illiams, ,
Samuel S. Jennings, ,• VVtLU
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