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/PLUME XVI._ HUNTSVILLE ALA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1894. NUMBER 2. __■ULUM^—w^—r-wrm—1-1 1—n 1 ---»mrwimmm —I—— I iiubii ■mmm jrminrn rr other Parkhuest is now after all nsses, and lie warms to liis work later Hruwnlow. “The more re able the boss," lie says, “the more ably dangerous he is.*’ autumnal foot-ball casnalities in ca will l»e in the neighborhood men killed and thirty seriously cl, which beats anything that '■bring in Spain can show in five ;ipa is a three-billion state this ■ oranges, and California is coin ward to help make this country , greatest producer of oranges iu tIk world. The beauty connected with raising choice fruit is that the world never gets a surfeit of it. Tin: sensation the new cure for diph theria is exciting in Europe may lie judged from the fact that two hundred thousand deaths occur from this dis ease every year in Germany and Aus tria alone. The French towns are sub scribing large sums to obtain supplies ..f tlie new remedy. A Detroit dentist who inadvertent lv pulled the wrong tooth for a lady lias lieen compeled to pay $500 dam ages. As the usual amount asked in a breach of promise suit is $50,000, it will be noticed that Writing one love letter may prove as expensive as pulling all the teeth of four summer girls. * The Susquehanna, a lordly looking river, is not navigable on account of its succession of rocky*rapids. Hut it is proposed to dam its waters and gen erate electricity, to be supplied to the «ities of that region. Many schemes of this kind are talked of, and await the results of the great experiment at Niagara falls. ,\ niLOSSAi, statue of William Penn will soon he placed in the tower of the i-i(y hall at Philadelphia. This build ing lias been under construction for twenty-live years, and its cost is $20, •WO.OOO. Fortunately, William Penn and Benjamin Franklin will not be on hand to offer any remarks on the sub ject of municipal thrift. I hi: post office department would be self-supporting if Fnele Sain were not required every year to transpdH a mountain of penny dreadfuls and sim ilar rubbish at low rates. It would be millions in pocket and a moral aid to the people if this stuff should be called on to pay at least the eost of its dis tribution through the mails. Canada has arranged in London for a loan of 812.500,0IX) to continue its work of canal enlargement and gen eral improvement of the Dominion wa terways. The "Soo” canal, which par allels the American canal on the other >ide of the river, will l>e deepened to twenty feet. Canada must be credited with leading in this sort of enterprise. A profkssionat, pugilist wants to know whether football players can l»e gentlemen. According to recent re ports of games of national renown, if they can they wont, for they resort to tactics that, if practiced in the piizc ring, would subject the perpetrator to immediate loss of standing in the con lest in hand, and the execration of all true sportsmen. I in Wrench war budget for 1805 calls for a little, more than 8100,000,000 pro viding for 500,000 men. The Germans " T] spend -150.000.000 on their army nc.vf rear, maintaining about 70.000 more infantry alone than France has under arms. The 2.436 companies oi 1 rench infantry do not average more than 135 men. while Germany's 2.40S companies muster 150 men each. I m: eighteen provinces of China speak- several different languages, and are loosely held together by an admin istrative policy at Pekin which is near inkr on end. The empire is evidently al'ont to break up, and even if thepres 1 at claims of Japan are settled, China, •I - known to the present generation, will soon be a thing of the past. His tory will be made along the eastern borders of Asia during the next few years. °NI v 13,000of the 365,630 immigrants wlio tame to America during the last fiscal year intended to settle in the south. Vet no part of the world pos " 'scs greater practical advantages for ■'ll industrious manor a capitalist than ’hc section thus neglected. If there is •mvthing in the southern states, politi l'a; or social, to repel the worthy im migrant i r the man with surplus money to invest the southern people should take pains to remove it, and ' ^e7 alone can do it. 1 Hi: writers of a generation ago who ' "ntendeil that the downfall of slavery !,irant a heavy decline in the cotton 1 op were very much in error. In 1830 a,VT"P of 1.000,000 bales was reached for "c lirst time, and the 2.000,000 mark •'■ passed in 1843. The average crop m ,ilP ten years ending 1860 was 3,301. "" !';des. In this decade the average ,,fcn 6.080,000 bales, and the esti oj this year's crop varies from 8, 1,1 to 10.500.000 bales. These fig ndicatc that free labor is about ' we as productive as slave labor. "i m ( \uot.i.\A has doubled her *-urn crop this year, while Mississippi ' !‘°ris a gain of ten million bushels of .p*’‘1 Arkansas sjx- million bushels and eight million bushels. The dis /' c’: 1 of this gold mine ought toat* ■**ivt more attentiou. PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE The President Makes His Annual Communication to Congress. A fieneral Review of Our Foreign and Domestic Relations and a Resume of Secretary Carlisle New Currency Scheme. — President Cleveland's message to the second session of the Fifty-third con gress was submitted to both houses. It is.as follows: To the Congress of the United States.— The assemblage within the nation's legislative halls of those charged with the duty of making laws for the benefit of n generous and freopco plc impressively suggests the exacting obliga tion ana inexecrable responsibility involved in their task. At the threshhold of such labor now tobe un dertaken by the congress of the United States and in the discharge of an executive duly en joined by the constitution. I submit this com^ municatiou. containing a brief statement of the condition of our national affairs and recom mending such legislation as seems to me neces sary and expedient. Foreign Affairs. The history of our recent dealings with other nations and our peaceful relations with them at this time additionally demonstrate the ad vantage of consistently adhering to a firm but just foreign policy, free from envious or am bitious national schemes and characterized by entire honesty and sincerity. PEACE AND ORDER IN BRAZIL. The termination of the civil war in Brazil has been followed by the general prevalence of peace and order, it appearing at an early stage of the insurrection that its course would call for unusual watchfulness on the part of this government, our naval force in the harbor of Rio tie Janeiro was strengthened This precaution, I am satisfied, tended to restrict the issue to a sim ple trial of strength between the Brazilian gov ernment and the Insurgents, and to avert com plications which at times seemed imminent. BRAZIL AND OUR TARIFF. , Although the government of Brazil was duly notiticd that the commercial arrangements ex isting between the United States and that country, based on the third section of the tariff act of 1890, was abrogated on August 78. 1804, by the taking effect of the tariff law in force, that government subsequently notified us of its in tent ion to terminate such arrangement on the first day of January. 1895. in the exercise of llie right reserved in the agreement, between the two countries. I invite attention to the corre spondence between the secretary of state and the Brazilian minister on this subject. THE NEW CHINESE TREATY. On the 17tli day of March last a new treaty with China, in further regulation of emigra tion. was signed at Washington, and on August 13 it received the sanction of the senate. Katitlcution on the part of China and formal exchange arc awaited to give effect to this mutually beneficial convention. A GRATIFYING RECOGNITION. A gratifying recognition of the uniform im partiality of this country towards all foreign states was manifested by the coincident re quest of the Chinese and Jsipanese govern ments that the agents of the United Stales should, within proper limits, afford protection to the subjects of the other during the suspen | sion of diplomatic relations due to a state of war. This delicate office was accepted, and a misapprehension which gave rise to the be lief that in affording this kindly unofficial pro tection our agents would exercise the same authority which the withdrawn agents of the belligerents had exercised was promptly cor rected. THE CHINA-JAPAN WAR. Although the war between China and Japan endangers no policy of the United states it deserves our gravest consideration, by reason of its disturbance of our growing commercial interests in the two countries and the in creased dangers which may result to our citi zens domiciled or sojourning the interior of China. Acting under a stipulation in our treaty with Corea (the first concluded with a western power) 1 felt constrained at the beginning of the controversy to tender our good offices to induce an amiable arrangement of the initial difficulty growing out of the Japanese demands for administrative reforms in Corea, but the unhappy precipitation of actual hostili ties defeated this kindly purpose. COMMERCIAL ( LASH WITH GERMANY. Acting upon the reported discovery of Texas fever in cargoes of American cattle, the t in man prohibition against importations of livt stock and fresh meats front this country lias been revived, it is hoped that Germany will soon become convinced that fhe inhibition Isas needless as it is harmful to mutual interests. THE BEHRING SKA AGREEMENT. Early in the present year an agreement was reached with Great Britain concerning instruc tions to be given to the naval com manders of the two governments in Behring sea and the contiguous North Pacific ocean for their guidance in th<- execution of the award of the Paris tribunal of arbitration and the enforcement of the regulations therein prescribed for the protection of seal life in the waters mentioned. An understanding has also been reached for the payment by the United States of $175,000 in full satisfaction of alt claims which may be made by Great Britain for damages growing out of Hie controversy as to fur seals in Behring sea. or the seizure of British vessels engaged in taking seals in those waters. The award and findings of the Paris tribunal to a great extent determined the facts and principles upon which these claims should be adjusted. HAWAIIAN REt (IGNITION Since commuicating the voluminous corre spondence in regard to Hawaii and the action taken by the senate and house of representa tives on certain questions submitted to the Judgment and wider discretion of congress the organization of a government in place of the provincial arrangement which followed the deposition of the queen has been announced with evidence of its effective operation. The recognition usual on such cases has been ac corded the new government. PROGRESSIVE JAPAN. Apart from the war in which ihc island em pire is engaged. Japan attracts increased at tention in this country l>y her evident desire to cultivate more liberal intercourse with us. and to seek our kindly aid in furtherance of her laudable desire for complete autonomy in her domestic affairs and full equality in the family of nations. The Japanese empire of !■> dav is no longer the Japan of the past, and our relations with this pro gressive nation should not he less broad and liberal than those with other powers. THE Bt.UEETEt.DS INCIDENT. Prominent among the questions of the year was the Biuefields incident in what is known as the Mosquito Indian -trip bordering on the Atlantic ocean and within ihe jurisdiction of Nicaragua Bv the treaty of I860 between Great Britain and Nicaragua the former gov ernment expressly recognized the sovereigbty of the latter over the strip and a limited form of self government was guaranteed to the Mos quito Indians to he exercised accordingto their customs for themselves and other dwellers within its limit-. The so-called native govern ment. which grew- to be largely made up of aliens.for many years disputed the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the strip, and claimed the right to maintain therein a practically inde pendent municipal government. Early in the past year efforts of Nicaragua to maintain sov ereignty over the Mosquito territory led to serious disturbances, culminating in the sup pression of the native government and the at tempted substitution ol an impracticable com posite administration, in which Nicaragua and alien residents were to participate. Failure was followed by an insurrection, which for a t une subverted Nicaraguan rule expeling her officers and restoring the old organization. Tnis.inturn.gave place to the existing local gov ernment established and upheld by Nicaragua. The Nicaraguan authorities having given no tice of forfeiture of their concession to the canal company uti grounds purely technical, and not embraced in the contract, have iftedyd from that position, THE C/.AIt ' HEATH. The recent death -'f the czar of Russia called forth the appro' ' :te expressions of sorrow and sympathy of part of our governments with his bereave ily and the Russian peo ple: us afurthe* ii'-tratioil of respect and friendship out -rat St. Petersburg was directed to re; our government at the funeral ceremt BUS 1KHKINC SEA. The sealing of Russia in Behring sea tire second our own. A tnodu vivendi has i re been concluded with t the imperial gi tent restrictive of pouch ing on the Russ •ekertes and of sealing in i waters which tvi at comprehended in the protected area ■ 1 in the Paris award. T ETA CASE. The president y reviews the case of th Salvadorean re s, < irn. Kzeta and com panions, with th ion of this government in tiie premises. SPANISH INJUSTICE. Attention is called to the exorbitant and un just penalties indicted by the Spanish authori ties in Cuba against American vessels and their cargoes on the most trivial pretexts. The Mora indemnity has not yet liven paid and there seems to be no immediate prospect of collect ing it. TCRKY AND THE ARMENIANS. In my last annual message J adverted to the claim on the part of Turky of the right to expel as persons undesirable and dangerous Ar menians naturalized in the United States and returning to Turkish jurisdiction. Numerous questions in this relation have urisen. While this government acquiesces in the asserted right of expulsion it will not consent that Armenians may be imprisoned or otherwise punished for no other reason than having acquired, without imperial consent. American citizenship. Tlie National Finances. THE TEAK'S INCOME AND EXPENDITURES. The secretary of the treasury reports that the receipts of the government from all sources of revenue during the fiscal year ending June 30.1894. amounted to $372,802,498.29, and its ex penditures to $412,605,758.87. leaving a deficit of $69.903,260.58. There was a decrease of $15,952,674.66 in the ordinary expenses of the government as com pared with the fiscal year 1893, There was col lected from customs $131,818,530.62. and from in ternal revenue f 117.168 179.70. The balance of the income for the year, amounting to $93,815, 517.97. was derived from the sales of lands and other sources. CUSTOMS AND INTERNAL REVENUE. The value of our total dutiable imports amounted to $•275,199 086. being $146,657,625 less than during the preceding year, and the Im portations free of duty amounted to#379.795.536, being #64.748.675 less than during the preceding year. The receipts from customs were $73,536. 486.11 less, and from internal revenue #13.836. 539.97 less than in 1893. The total tax collected from distilled spirits was $85,259,250.25: on manufactured tobacco $28,617,898.62. and on fermented liquors $11,414,788.01. THE YEAR S EXPORTS. Our exports of merchandise, domestic and foreign, amounted during the year to $892,140. ,572. being an increase over the preceding rear Of $44,495,378. the Movement of gold and silver. The total amount of gold exported during the fiscal year was $76.898,061.as against #108.680.444 during the fiscal year 1893. The amount Im ported was $72.419.119. as against $21,174,381 dur ing the previous year. The imports of silver were$13,280,552. and the exports werr $59,451. 265. SUGAR BOUNTY PAID. The total bounty paid upon the production of sugar in the United States for the fiscal year was $12,100,208.89. being an increase of $2,725, 078.01 over the payments made during the pre •ceding year. The amount of bounty paid from July I. 1894, to August 28. 1894. the time when further payments ceased by operation of law. was $966.185.84. The total ex penses incurred in the payment of the bounty upon sugar during the fiscal vear was' $130, 110.85. AN ESTIMATED DEFICIT. It is estimated that upon the basis of the present revenue laws the receipts of the gov ernment. during the current fiscal year ending June 30. 1895. will !>■■ #124.127.718 14. and its ex penditures $444.427.748.14. resulting in a deficit of $20,000,000. THE NATION'S STOCK OF MONEY. The first day of November. 1894. the total stock of money of all kinds in the coun try was $2,240,773,888. as against $2,204. 651.000 on the first day of November. 1893. and the money of all kinds in circulation, or not included in the treasury holdings, was $1,672,093,122. or $21.27 per capita upon ah estimated population of 68.8K7.ooo. At the same date there was held in the treasury gold bullion amounting to $41,615,107.55 and sil ver bullion which was purchased ala cost of #127.779,9': 8. SILVER BULLION. The purchase of silver bullion under the ai t of July 14.1890, ceased on the first day of Xo veinber. 1893. and up to that time there had been purchased during the fiscal year 11.717, 658.78 tine ounces at a cost of $8,715,521.32, an average cost of *0.7313 per Hue ounce. The to tal amount of silver purchased from the time that law took effect until the repeal of its purchasing clause on the date last mentioned was 168.671,082.53 fine ounces, which cost $155, 431.002.25.the average price per fine ounce being #0.9241. COINAGE OF THE MONEY METALS. The total amount of standard silver dollars coined at the mints of the United Stales since the passage of the act of February 28. 1878. is #421.776,108,of which #378.166.793 were coined un der tlie provisions of that act: *38.531.143 under the provisions of the act of July it. 1890, and #5.078.172 under the act providing for the coin age of trade dollar bullion. The total coinage ot all metals at our mints during the last fis cal year consisted of 63.485.220 pieces val ued at #106.216.730.06. of which there was #99.471.912.5) in gold coined; #758 in standard silver dollars: $6.024.110.30 in subsidiary silver coin, and $716,919 26 in minor coin. PRODUCTION OF PRECIOUS METALS. Iiuring the calendar year 1893 the production of precious metuls in the United States was estimated at 1.739.323 fine ounces of gold of the commercial and coinage value of $35,955,000 and 60,000.000 fine ounces of silver of the bullion or market value of #46.800.000 and of the coinage value of $77 576.000. It is estimated that on the first day of July. 1891. the stock of metallic money in the United tales, consisting of coin and bullion, amounted to #1.251.640.958.of which #627.923.201 was gold and $621.317.758 was silver. NATIONAL BANKS. Fifty national banks were organized during the year ending October 31. 1894. with a capital of $5,265,000: and seventy-nine, with a capital of $10,475,000 went into voluntary liquidation. Twenty-one banks, with a capital of $2,770,000 were placet! in the hands of receivers. The total number of national banks in existence on the 31 si day of October last was 3.756. being forty less than on the 31st day of October. 1893. The capital stock paid : was #672.671.365. being $9,678,191 less than at the same time in the the previous year, and the surplus and undi vided profits less the expenses and taxes paid, amounted to $344,121,082.10, which was $16,089. 780 less than on October 31, 1893. The circulation was decreased $1.711.563. The obligations of the banks to each other were in creased #117 260.334. and the individual deposits were $277,294 48!’ less than at the corresponding date in the previous year. Loans and discounts were #101.206.923 more than at the same t ime the previous vear and checks and other cash items were $90,349,963 more. The total resources of the banks at the date mentioned amounted to $3,473,922,055. as against $3 109.563.284.36 in 1893. The War Department. STRENGTH OF THE ARMV From the report of the secretary of war it appears that the strength of the army on Sep tember 30. 1«>4. was 2.(35 officers and 25.7R5 en listed men. Although thi' is apparently a verv slight decrease compared with the previous t ear, the actual effective force has been increased to the equivalent of nearly two regiments, through the reorganization of the system of recruiting ami the consequent re lease-to regimental duty of the large force of men hitherto serving at the recruiting de partments. The abolition of these de partments. it is predicted, will furthermore effect an annual reduction approximating *250.000 in the direct expenditures, besides pro moting generally the health, morals and disci pline of the troops. The execution of the pol icy of concentrating trie army a; important centers of population anil transportation, fore shadowed m the last annual report of the sec retary. has resulted in the abandonment of fif teen of the sina ller.posts. which was effected un der a plan which assembles organizations of the same regunents hitherto widely separated. This renders our small forces more readily effective for any service which they may be called upon to perform, increases the extent of the terri tory under protection without diminishing the security heretofore afforded to any locality, improves the discipline, training and esprit de corps of the army, besides considerably de creasing the cost of its maintenance. emergence cai.es on the arme. It is hardly necessary to recall the fact that in obedience to the commands of the constitu tion and the laws, and for the purpose of pro tecting the property of the L'niiedStates.aiding of the porcess of the federal courts and re moving lawless obstructions to the perform ance by the government of Us legitimate functions, it became necessary, in various localities, during theuyear. to employ a con siderable portion of the regular troops. The duty was discharged promptly, courage ously and with marked discretion by tho officers and men, and the most grati fying proof was thus afforded that, the army deserves that complete confidence in its effici ency and discipline which the country has at all times manifested. The year has been free Jfroni disturbances by Indians, and the chances E>f further depredations on their part arc con stantly growing more and more remote and improbable. I THE NATIONAL GUARD. The total enrollment of the militia of the several states is 117,533 officers and enlisted men. an increase of 5.313 over the number re ported at the close of the previous year. The reports of militia inspections by regular army officers show a marked increase in in terest and efficiency among the state organiza tions, and I strongly recommend a continuance of the policy of affording every practical en couragement possible to this important auxil iary of our military establishment. A RECOMMENDATION. In recognition of the long and distinguished military services and faithful discharge of del icate and responsible eivil duties by Maj.-Gen John M. Schofield, now the general command ing the army, it is suggested to congress that the temporary revival of the grade of lieuten ant-general in his behalf would be a just and gracious act. and would permit his retirement, now near at hand, with rank befitting his merits. Department of Justice. ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S ItKPour. The report of the attorney-general notes the gratifying progress made by the supreme court in overcoming the arrears of its business and in reaching it condition in which it will be able to dispose of cases as they arise without any unreasonable delay. This result is. of course, very largely due to the successful working of the plan inaugurating circuit courts of appeals. In respect to these tribunals the suggestion is made, in quarters entitled to the highest con sideration. that tin additional circuit judge for each circuit would greatly strengthen these courts and the confidence reposed in their adjudications, and that such an addition would not create a greater force of judges than the increasing business of such courts requires. I commend the suggestion to the careful consideration of the congress. Other important topics are ad verted to. accompanied by recommendations, many of which have been treated at large in previous messages and at this time, therefore, need only be named I refer to the abolition of the fee system as a measure of compensation to f deral officers; the enlargement of the pow ers of United Slates commissioners at least in the territories; the allowance of writs of error in criminal cases on behalf of the United States and the establishment of degrees in the crime of murder. UNITED STATES PRISONS. Eight years ago in my annual message I urged upon the congress as strongly as I could the location and construction of two prisons for the confinement of United States prisoners. A similar recommendation lias been made from time to time since, and a few years ago a law was passed providing for the •selection of sites for three such institutions. No appro priation has, however, been made to carry the act into effect and the old and discreditable condition still exists. Tlie Post Office Department. KEYENCE AND OUTLAY. Tlie report of the postmaster-general pre sents a comprehensive statement of the opera tions of the post office department for the last fiscal year. The receipts of the department during the year amounted to 875,080,479.04 and the expenditures to $84.221414.15. The transac tions of the postal service indicate with barometric certainty the fluctuations of the business of the country. INCREASED EXPENDITURES. The expenditures increase steadily and nec essarily with the growth and needs of the coun try. so that that deficiency is greater or less it* any year depending upon the volume of re - ceipts. The postmaster-general states t hat this de ficiency is unnecessary, and might be obviated at once if the law regulating rates upon mail matter of the second class was modified. DISTRIBUTION OF THE MAILS. The total numberof post offices in the United States on the 30th day of June. 1891. was 09.805. an increase of 1.403 over the preceding year. Of these 3.428 were presidential, an increase in that class of 88 over the preceding year. Six hundred and ten cities and* towns are provided with free delivery. Ninety-three other cities and towns entitled to this service under the law have not been accorded it on account of insufficient funds. The expense of free de livery for the current fiscal year will be more than $12,300,000. and under existing legislation this item of expenditure is subject to constant increase. The estimated cost of rural free de livery generally is so very large that it ought not to be considered in the present condition of affairs. THE POSTAL UNION. The report also contains a valuable contribu tion to the history of the universal postal union, an arrangement wnich amounts prac tically to the establishment of one postal sys tem for the entire civilized world. Special at tention is directed to this subject at this time, in view of the fact that the next congress of the union will meet in Washington in 1897, and it is hoped that timely action will be taken in the direction of perfecting preparations for that event. _ The Navy Department. PROGRESS IN < fiNsTRl.TTtON. Attention is called to tlie report of the secre tary of the navy, which shows very gratifying progress in the construction of ship-, for our new navy. All the vessels now building. In cluding the three torpedo boats authorized at at the last session of congress, and except the first-class battleship owa. will probably be completed during the coming fiscal year. A PI.EA FOR -MORE BATTLESHIPS. The tsecretary presents, with much earnest ness. a plea for.the authorization of three ad ditional battleships anti ten or twelve torpedo boats. While the unarmored vessels hereto fore authorized, including those now nearing completion, will constitute a fleet which it is believed is sufficient forordinary cruising pur poses in time of peace, we have now completed and in process of construction but four first class battleships and but few torpedo boats. If we are to have a navy for warlike operations, offensive and de fensive. we certainly ought to increase both the number of battle-ships and torpedo boats. I recommend tba! provision be made for the construction of additional battle-ships and tor pedo boats. ACTIVE WORK FOR THE NAVV. During the past fiscal year there has been an unusual and pressing demand in rnanvquarters of the world for the presence of vessels to guard American interests. In January last during the Brazilian insurrection, a large (ieet was concentrated in the harbor of Wo do Janeiro. The vigorous action of Kear-Admita Benham in protecting the persona! and commercial rights of our citizens during the disturbed con ditions afforded results which will, it is be lieved. have a far-reaching a id wholesome in fluence whenever in like circumstances it may become necessary for our naval commanders to interfere on behalf of our people in foreign parts. The war now in progress t>< tween China and Japan has rendered it necessary or ex pedient to dispatch eight ves.-r!s to those wa ters. PERSONNEL AND PROBATIONS. I feel it my mperativc duty to call attention I to the recommendation of the secretary in re gard to the Dei sonnet of the line of the navy. ^Conti/iUtif "it I'furtli J‘a I SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. Southern Corn Crop Data has been received from the ! agricultural department at YVashing I ton giving the corn yield of the south ern states for 18*54. rJ his year's crop is compared with | that of last, and it will be seen that there is an increase of about 50,000,000 bushels. The figures given here are j in round millions of bushels, and will | be found interesting: "Yield 1893. Yield 1894, States. bushels. bushels. Maryland.. 15,000,000 J1.060,000 ! Yirptnia . . 31,000,000 32,000,000 Xorth Carolina. 30.000,000 33,0 0,000 South Carolina. 12,000,000 19,000.000 Georgia. 34,000,000 ©,000,000 Florida. 5,000,000; 5,000,000 Alabama.. 28.OOo.OOV 3 >,000.000 Mississippi . 26,000,' 00 ©.000,OIK) Louisiana . 15,000,000 18,000,000 Texas. 01,000,000 69.1100,000 Arkansas. 32,000,000 38,000,000 Tennessee. 04.000.000 68.000,000 West Virginia. n.ooo.ooti 1:1,000.000 Kentucky. 68,OJO,OdO 68,UR) ,000 Total. 140.000,000 190,000,000 Commenting on the above, the New | Orleans Picayune says: It is certain I that the southern states are giving more attention to corn than ever be fore, ami it is big money in the pockets of the southern people to do so. When I they shall make their own corn and j bacon, as they undoubtedly can. then j they will be truly independent. Their 1 cotton, sugar, rice anti tobacco will lie j pay crops, because the expense of feed ing laborers and animals is one of the heaviest burdens which can fall on the southern planters. Round ltaleu. Mississippi Confederate I'eiislouer*. The auditor and pension eominis | sioner of Mississippi have completed I the list of confederate pensioners for | the present year. It shows a decrease of 20 per cent, compared with las', year. The appropriation is for S*i7.7>oo It is distributed pro rata, giving each j pensioner *27 annually. The fund was first created in is**. The first year ! showed 1,000 pensioners, and the ap I propriation being only *21,000. they I got *21 each. Last year the number j had increased to 3,000, and the pro portionate amount each received was decreased to *70. This is the first year showing a decrease, which results i largely from the close ruling of the pension commissioner, and a law passed by the last legislature. A Woman*** Construction of Law. Noah Massey obtained at Charlotte. N. a license to marry Emma Timms, who is from South Carolina. Later lie was informed she was already married, but this she denied indignantly. They were married, and as soon as the j ceremony ended she told him she had ; been married, but it was in South C'ar ! olina, and that as no marriage license j is required in tlie latter state the cere mony was not legal. Massey knew better, and told his bride they would go to his father's and there eat their | first and last dinner together. When ! dinner ended Massey left, and Miss j Timms is doubly husbandless. I.fuelled by Negroes. Win. Jackson, a negro desperado i wanted for various crimes, committed a criminal assault upon the person of a negro woman near Martel, a small vil lage in Marion County, Fla. Jackson was arrested by a constable, who. while taking the prisoner to Martel, was met. by a large armed body of negroes and the prisoner hanged to the nearest tree. Successful Revival. The great revival at 1 lie First Pres byterian church in Jackson. Tenn.. by the North Carolina Evangelist, Rev. tV. 15. Fife, closed the other night. It was one of the greatest religious awakenings ever known in west Ten nessee. There have been over 100 con versions. Mr. Fife goes to Covington. Tenn. Crushed Beneath a l.og. Abernathy, a young man engaged with others in rafting logs, met a hor rible death at Wood's Ferry, Coosa river, Ala. He stumbled and fell in front of an immense log, which was rolling down a hill, and was crashed by it into an unrecognizable mass. The Pistol wan Loaded. At Piedmont. Ala., young Millard Daniel handed an <>ld pistol that he had just bought to his brother Caleb for examination. As it was not I?) loaded, Caleb playfully snapped it at Millard. The ball entered near the heart and he is not expected to live. Alabama Wants Immigration. A bill has been introduced in the . lower house of the Alabama legislature asking for an annual appropriation of ! $30,000 for the maintenance of an immi gration commission. \ Bov Granted a Respite. Gov. Turney of Tennessee has grant ed a respite to George Mapp. a 17-year old negro boy. sentenced to hang at i Chattanooga, for murder, until Jan uary 11. effects or a Drought. The drought continues in the neigh borhood of Dallas, Tex. Many pastures around the city have burned, and tva ! ter-haulers are doing a rushing busi ness. Death of a .Jurist. Judge John Frizzell, of Nashville, \ Tenn.. died the other evening after a j long illness. He was 65 years old, and ; leaves a widow aud several children. While Walking for Plmntirr. Dr. T. J. Wallace, aged 65, of Colliers I ville. Ky.. dropped dead. He was walk ing his piemisos for pleasure, and was j In apparent good health. HERE’S A STATE OF THINGS. American Cruisers Idle While American Cit izens are in Hanger in China The Na val Authorites Cliarginetl. AN asuixotox. Dee. 3.—The report that Minister Denby hail appealed for help in a cablegram to the department of state is now confirmed, but the dis patch, instead of coining Friday, was re ceived. as stated in these dispatches, several days ago. It was last Monday that Secretary Gresham learned from the American minister that protection was required, and the navy depart ment immediately cabled to Admiral Carpenter, directing him to deliver a draft of fifty marines to the Monocacy at Tien-Tsin. As the old Monocacy could not furnish accommodations for such an increase to her crew, it is t<: he presumed that the men were to bo landed. Admiral Carpenter, however, must have failed to receive the order, for early in the morning of the 'Till a cablegram was received from him an nouncing the departure of t lit? IUilti more for Nagasaki, were her arrival was reported two days later. To say that tlie authorities of the navy department are very much cha grined over Admiral Carpenter's ac tion in this matter only mildly expresses the state of feeling. While it is well known here that no foreigner is safe on Chinese territory to-day, the flagship is leisurely coaling at the pleasant port of Nagasaki, and the second important ship of the the fleet, the Charleston, has been over a month at Cheiuulpo, Corea, where there is not a vestige nl danger to American interests, the strong Japanese force there maintain ing the best of order. It is known that some sharp mes sages have been sent to the admiral in the past few days, and that he has been directed to send the Charleston at once to the Chinese coast. It is also understood, though in the present irritated condition it is impossible to confirm it, that Minister Dciiby was authorized several days ago to trans fer the legation to Tien-Tsin. A PLEA FOR FREE SHIPS The Burden of the Report of the Com missioner of Xstifation. Washixgtox, Dee. 3. The annual report of the commissioner of naviga tion is mainly an argument for free ships, based on maritime facts of ik<* United States and other nations. Only six American steamships, including the New-York and' Paris, .crossed the Atlantic, and only seven the Pacific last year, while from New York and Philadelphia alone thirty-three steam ships, mainly new steel vessels, owned by Americans, crossed regularly to Europe under foreign flags. American enterprise, he says, is a century in ad vance of the law. for Americans own more steamships forbidden by the registry law to wear American colors than they own steamships in foreign trade under the Stars and Stripes. The admission of such vessels to Amer ican registry is desirable to enhance our maritime rank. The report reviews government aid to shipping by Great Britain. Prance, Italy and other nations, showing that only 3 per cent, of the British nicr-. chant marine rci eives any government compensation and giving statist ics con cerning other countries. Discriminating flag taxes have been abandoned by maritime nations, as they invite retaliation which nullifies any prospective benefits. Cost of con struction and of operation are exam* ified with full figures on coni pa rat i vo wages, and foreign and state taxes art) compared. Amendments to the net tonnage and tonnage tax laws, the abolition of registry bonds, and an ex tension of the power of the secretary of the treasury to mitigate or refund penalties on sailing vessels are recom mended. A LONG TALK. .Satisfactory 'lost of Krickson’s Loiij;-dis tance Telephone Transmitter. Mkmphis, Term., Dec. Between Birmingham, Ala., and Memphis to day, was made the first test in this country of the long-distance telephone transmitter patented by Erickson, ot Sweden. The distance of this test is 28j miles. The test was made over the Commercial Cable Co.'s wires under un fa vorable.wcat her conditions, and were conducted by Albert Klein, local man ager of the Postal Telegraph < o4 The test was perfectly satisfactory, t In voice coming mure distinctly over this distance than it usually Is transmitted by local service By ar arrangement of instruments in the office, a circuit representing the resistance of l,"Ml miles of wire was formed and the re sult was equally satisfactory. and ad ditional distance apparently making no difference. THE MARCH ON PEKIN May Ik- Abandoned- Five Hundred .Milan ese Captured and Probably Killed. London'. Dec. 3.—The Che-Foo corre spondent of the Central News rays: "The prevalent impression is that the Japanese will abandon the march on Pekin. Part of the Japanese fleet lias ; been seen in the gulf off Wei-Hai-Wei I but it lias made no attack. It. is re i ported that an army of 250,000 Chinese expect to intercept the Japanese on their march toward New Ohwang. | The Chinese surrounded a detachment I of 500 Japanese in a town recently and 1 captured them. Probably all the cay* I viveti were killed."