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Jl"L-' cartoon.... "LITTLE PREVBRIGBTlOfiS" Sunday's Republic. Ill 11 1 CENTURY.... What tho second has done for the first. A great symposium in next SUSDAVS REPUBLIC. EPUBLIC M- X.oiii. One Cent. K NINETY-SECOND YEAR. ST. LOUIS. MO.. PKI DAY. JANUARY 5,1900. PRICE. twlttr M- X.tlu-i, Tmo Cents. n Train, 'three Cent. OLLER ASSUMES THE AGGRESSIVE. STATE WILL ACT AGAINST CANAL. LOUIS THE k3 -l z-t r V .1 -.'' Attorney General Crow to File an Injunction Suit in the United States Supreme Court. Governor Stephens Approves the Plan Chicago Drainage Promoters Preparing for the Fight in Washington. nun iujc srncTAU Jefferson Oily. Mo . J.in A Attorney Gn eral Crow is preparing t Ins itute proc.eel ings In the Supreme Oourt of llio Fr.ite.1 Stairs to stop tho peoplo of Chicago fiom Tx-llutlng tho waters of llio Mississippi River by means of tho sewage of the CM capo canal. To-night he made tin following state ment retarding tbe matter. "I have been for -everal months quietly watching the steps leing tiltn lending up to the opening of tlie Chicago canal with n view to asserting, at the proper fine. In a legal nay. through the Federal Supreme Court, the tight of tho sovereign State of -Missouri, through It" State government, to protect l's citizens against the pollution of the Mississippi River, one-half of uliloli is, by tho act admitting Missouri anl Fl'nnls In the Onion, within the territorial Juris diction of the State of Missouri. "Tho State lias a direct Interest, first, be cause ths. health of the citizens of the great city of St. Louis Is directly menaced; "sec ond, because thousands of our citizen?, out-f-ide of St. Lou!-, live upon the lank of this largest of Inland rivers, and arc f. reed to ufo Its waters. Injury to the purity or quality of tho water of a flowing 5 iream. to hi detriment of riparian owners, ccnstl tutes a nuisance. as much as a permanent obstruction. (See 5 Central lw Journal, race 71 " It Is a familiar exercise of the power cf a Court of Chancery to picvent bv injurv tn water courses bv rorreptien obstruction or diversion, on the principle of restraining irreparable inicchlef. See 11 Ala. p. Ill: 11 Xfw Jersey Chanrerv Reporter. r e-V.. An gell on WatT Courses, -oetions 14ft, It nnd C. Conrt llrisj .Tnrlsdlctinn. "But notwithstanding the crdinary reme dies for public uulsnnecs. It Is now well settled that a coutt of equity may tnke jurisdiction bv an Injunction filed by thp Attorney General Angoll on Water Courses, section E.S5; 12 Peters, X. S. Rep , p. ?1. "The cltv rf St. Louis can only proccl ngains t tho city of Chicago and the sewer canal trustees In tho lower Inderal Court at Chicago, and the case upon Its deter mination there nil! have to go through the Mow process of an appeal to tlie Federal Supremo Court, and await Its turn on tho docket of that court for hearing. Section 2. article S. of the Federal Constitution pre-s-ribc-i the purisdicion of tho Federal Su preme Oourt. and expressly confers on said court original Jurisdiction between States, or between a Stato and citizens of another State. "In a cae in which tho Stale of Goorgin filed a bill In equity against the State of Florida, Invoking th original equity juris diction of th Fe-deral Supreme Court, it was held that tho FecVral Supreme Court had Jurisdiction originally of the case. Se 17 Howard U. P. rep.. P. 47? (decided In 1CA). To tho same effect see Stato of New Tork against Staff of Connecticut, 3 Dallis, 1' 3. It , p 1. New Jersey against New Tork, five Peters. 17. S. rep., SI; It. I. vs JIas . 12 Peters, rep., tV.7. "Now If I. as Attorney General of Mis souri, can, in behalf of the state, file a bill In equity and obtain an Injunction In th--Federal Supterae Court ngainst tho City of Chicago and tho sewage canal trustees, who are citizens of Illinois, on the ground that the Stato of Missouri can Interfere to pre vent the pollution of tho waters of r navi gable stream within its lorders, this will very much hasten the final decision of the question. tfplirm .tpprnrri. "I have conferred with Governor Stephens, and he Is anxious that tho Stato take what ever steps It can to protect cur citizens against the pollution of tho waters of tla Mississippi Itiver. and he sanctions my pro posed action. I have consulted with city counselor Schnurmacher. and he lndorse-i that effort I will make. My action will in mi way interfere with his. as both suits can be carried on simultaneously. "Hut tho advantage of my course Is that the Federal Supremo Court can finally de termine, the question 'n this way more i-peediiy than through the proceeding Insti tute by the city of St Louis i h-ie. n far a I could, investigate tho facts with reference to the proposed pollution of the waters of the Mississippi lUier by the turn ing of the Chicago sewage Into it through the canal, and I believe the Stato of Mis Kiuri has the right to proceed through the Federal Supremo Oourt in the way I hao Indicated. I believe the right of cery own er of land through or by which a stream of water flows to the uso and enjojment of the water, and to have the same tlow In its natural and accustomed course, with out corruption, obstruction or diversion, ex ists and extends to the quality of the water. as well as to the quantity thereof. It has been so decided by the following cases: Uolsman vs. Bleaching Company. It N. J. Equity Reporter, pp. 235 to 21-'; 1') It. I. Rep.. 104. "The act of Congress admitting Missouri and Illinois as States declared the eastern boundary of Missouri and tho western boundary of Illinois ehould be the middle of the main channel of the Mississippi Kiver. "The Federal Supremo Court, in the case cf City Of St. Louis vs. Rutz. 13S F S.. p. 26 held that tho two States; of Illinois and MUsouri have concurrent jurisdiction gen ertlly over tho rher. and each Stato has exclusive territorial jurisdiction over that portion adjacent to Its own shore. In Kng lond the title to tho bed of all navigable fctreama Is vested In the crown. "Anciently, it was in tho power of tho King to convey this title to private per sons at his will and pleasure. But this roy al right was abridged by that famoub his torical document known as Magna Oharta, Rnd It now requires an act of Parliament to convey this portion of the public do main. "To the rights of the Enclish sovereign tho several States succeeded upon tho es tablishment of American Independence. Tho shores of navigable waters, and the soil there jnder wero not granted by tho Constitution to the United States, but wero reserved to the several States respectively. (Ul Howard U. S. Rep., I12.) It mas', there fore, be regarded as tho American law that the territorial sovereign, be it the State or I'ederal Government. Is the owner in fee of the beds of all navigable streams within Its limits. (1 N. J., equity, 369. Pomeroy on water rights, sec. Z.) But In case of non tide rivers tho question of title to tho bed of tho stream as between tlie State and riparian owner will depend upon whether the common law doctrine of navigability liat. been adopted or rejected by the Stat. "Common law navigable streams are those only in which tide ebbs and Hows. But this test Is not arplled In most of our States, and in those here it is not applied the beds of all streams which are in fact cavlgable for useful purposes of commerce, belong to tho State, whether the water la rait or fresh, and whetwr the lido ebbs od flows or cot. But where the rule of common 1 iw appli. r'tually navigable, nontide ultir Mr.im." are not legally nav igable strtam-- This i-. w in llllnoi.-,, and tlii' title, tl'tnfore, of a riparian owner in Illinois whoe lunus are bounded bv tho Mississippi u:ids to the middle of the lKd of the strvHtn 91 I S. Kl. It U oth-trwi-e in Missouri. ntre the Ml-sls-lppt itnil Missouri Rivirs a'e rvganbil as nav igable streams b our law. and tb" title to the bed of the stream to the middle of tho main eh iimel i in the State, and sin un broken Hue of dn limns ill Missouri hold th it a rlpariui proprietor on a navigable strmm lias n fiuiirlilp in the bed of the river t,l Jlo. 3i:.. l!l Mo. IS1. "And theieforo o-r State has Jurisdiction of th.. water- of the .Mississippi River to tho middle of the main channel, and hence, in my opinion. It is within the power of the State of Missouri to protect the.-e waters from pollution, in order to preserve the hialtli of our citizens The protection of the health of citizens of a State is peril ips oil" of the highest duties of tho Stato tloi onirutnt. Believing, as 1 do. then fore, I shall apply In behalf of the State of Mis-s-oiiri to the Federal Supreme Court at Washington Cit for an Injunction n slralnltig the pollution of the M'-isMppi Rlv.r by means of the sewage fiom the Chieago canal " (oirriMir Interested. Govennr Sthens has been looking Into this matter for several months and con ferring with General Crow about it. To night he' said "Att'irniy General Crow and I lnvo con ferred i-evenl times upon tho matter. I have requ. si.sl hmi to lake leeal steps at onro to prot.st tho citizens of St. Louis and the people of Missouri generally from the gnat wrong Chicago Is now perpetrat irg up m n . In directing Its rwag.j from I.K- MirliUan into the Illinois and MI-M-sipji Riv.rs. .ml th- pollution of our WJters. The pr-trvHt!on of the lives of our people- U our greatest nail mo-t s.iernl preiogative. General Crow will I.-ave for Washington -it; m-d go into the I'liitid htates courts without deli. He will co operate, with William Ilrovvn, s, r,,j toun Sel. and Mr. Sehnurmai hor, the City Coun stlor of St. Louis A gr it outrage is be ing perpetrated upon us. The Canal Com missioners have violated Ian and common decetic. and have acted without so. ming authority. We will not giv.- up this light for our lives until th.- einil Is closed, ami close-d forever. It Is a question in which cwry citizen of tho Mississippi Valle Is vitally lntrre-sted " CHICAGO'S CONTENTIONS. ArpniiiitMils Her A,.n(s j.. sent in Wii.sliiiijrton, Th ItDuMle Pur'vi. Hlh St anl Pnwsvlianla A Washington. J m i -The promoters of the Chicago Dr linage Canal appree ito tho fart that St. Louts may make serious trouble foe that unsavory project. They nro pn partus material with wlii-h to Iwlster up th.-ir case, cither before tlie War Department. Congress or the courts, as tho case may re quire. Already they hjvo active and ellicient men In Washington in their interest. Among these Is S M. Burdett uf Chicago, who Is well acquainted ith members of the Sen alo and House, and Influential with tho leaders from the Middle Wet. Ho l con ferring with them and keeping abreast of every dev.lepmcnt In the matter Tho Republic correspondent Is alilo to In dicate the contentions of the csnal peopio, as outlined In an exhaustive brief of the promoters. Tho Chicago p.-opte villi ontnui that "th objection put forward by many of tho citizens of St. I.oul3. Including some medical authorities of more or less prom inence locally, that tho dischirge of the fcanltary district sewage into the caml will rontimtnato tho water supply of the Mis souri city, constitutes practically all tho present opposition, worth considering, to the opening of tho waterwa. "St. Louis is 2'm milts d:tant fby tho canal and river route) from fhicigo. mid for twenty .vears r more, at least K per cent of tho Chicago sewage has ben sent through the Illinois and Michigan canal In to tho Illinois River It is well establish.! however, that none of this -vvage ever r ached tho Mississippi River Investi-i-tlons eondmted by the Illinois State Board of Health have shown that the vvvage Is alnust destroyed before the canal t-T.s-ts a Junction with the Illinois River near Juliet Theso observations havo demonstrated th it the water Is purer at Lockiiort than at Ot tawa, fifty miles away. l)n nicer of CotitnmliiHtioii. "When It Is rememlw red that tho con tents of tho carial at tho time they ,,u, Bridgeport are only two parts- pure water to one of sewage, one cannot escape the conclusion that the danger of (ontamlnn tion at points below Lockport will be gre it ly lestencsl when the (low consists of siv parts of pure water to ono of sevvsge -1 will be the case after the owning of'tiio new sanitary and ship canal. "The pumps at Bridgeport at tho tim these observations wero made supplied the e-anal with only OO.fi.j cuhlr feet of w n.r per minute, and this water was ,!r", from the Chicago River, a filthy stream at most times, while under the nw regime the water w II como .I.rect from the l P and will be absolutely free from all linpurl- '-Medlcal authorities agree that the de struction of the sewage by dilution de pends largely on the characte- of the water carrjing it. and the rate at svhieh It Is carried The s-ewage of Plttshur and Alleghany is emptied into th Ohio River, pollu-ing that s'team. while but -i few- hundred miles away tho city 0f C'n cinnatl draw, her drinking water from the Ohio and in turn discharges l,cr tilth Into the river The water supply of Louisville Is taken from th, Ohio, and the sUaLe of thin citv ts iik..K .n, :"r . rwafe river. St. Paul and .Minneapolis dlscharce Mini, sen.t.-e In.A .!. ... . . . ""'h'' ..... -.-..-- , wllT -iisissMppi. from which they obtain iheir water su.pl" wldlo the tilth of Sioux City. Omaha ami Kansas City is carried southward bv tie Missouri, those cities likewise drawing their drinking water from that turbil Htream. These rivers the Mississippi an i the Missouri-unite or at least their w itrs flow In a common channel from their junc tion at a point a few miles above the el v of St. liuis. c -v "The people of St. Louis get their drink ing water from the Mississippi River be low Its junction, with the Missouri Ruer" Yet there has never been a serious ci demic in any of theso cities, which could be traced even Indirectly to sewage disease-germs In the drinking water Killed the Fish. "in the. report of Doctor J H Kauch secretary of the Illinois State I!eard of Health, on the 'Water Supplies of Illinois' published in 1SS2, It Is stated at page 17 s w ' ---, . , - " .' .'S"'i ,11 r TZfe i ' ' 'ic.. , -' 'fi'ii'ijtiur "?:. . &ffigm ill.' 'i&W -ii'yji" -V I l&frWiFlfTA'lLf. ' Zr-lsj ?"''sT ( FTrrrTiisrcj his jpooo? tint 'during recent dry j.cnr over half the Iou-water volume of tlie Illinois Rivi r. down as fat as IVorla. has come from I-ike Micblgili. and with It the sew-age of Chi cago While the fish Invo not bun dis turbed at sU,-h tlm.s b. low the KanU ik ejeo-p. In winter, j.t b. low Peoria the or ganic wastes from the distilleries and iMttlo pins so pollute the vvat.r as to kill the fish It is .1 question whethir the present sanl tar ioii.lltlo.1 of the lower Illinois woald not bo wors if the How of water through tho Illinois and Michigan c.iiml were ex cluded." "Again It i stat-d In lioctor Raiieh's re port Ilia' 'the risearehes of Profesor lister Curtis. M. 1). who has made tbe biological Investigations In connection with this work, fail to leveal the presence of any sp-clflc diease getms In the waters of th" Illinois and Michigan Canal or In those of the Kespi.tines mid tho Illinois river- at their Junction with the canal ' "Do.-tor Itaus.-li further states that V nTimcius. conduetfil In this labor.itorv. denmnstra" that the Clue igo sewage s si. nearly destroved In a How of tb!rtv-tlirn miles through the Illinois and Michigan Canal that. If the same ratio of purification h. Id good le-low that iiolnt. ro trace of the sewage could be found ten or twelve miles further down.' "The r port, which covers a wide field, contains numi rous tnbles showing the re sults of analvls of tlie water made at vi rious points along tho canal and the Illi nois Itiver. showing tint th" point tie ir'st to putlty is readied about the time the wa ter 1" ave.s the canal and thnt It N again polluted below that point by the tilth flow ing into tho Illinois River. "In v!"W or these facts. It Is reasonable to assume tint with n anil discharging VOOoo mine feet iier mlntitu of pure lake water into the Illinois p.iver. tlie sanitary condition of that stream would unquestion ably be mat.rially Improved. "An average How of aliut two miles an hour will lie maintained in the canal. After leivlng Ioekpnr the curr. nt will be swifter, and It will have a mm h greater area of surface, thus flouring Ihe bemlicent oiy dizing ffeit resulting from greater aera tion. Mtdital .tcrts arc unanimous in say ing that where sewage Is cirrled In pure watr ur-U-r politically the venditions h-rein set forth, the destruction of the of fensive mxtter is complete and the water Is usable f..r drinking purp'irf.3 at a dis tance varjlng from thirty to fifty miles from tin starting point. "It would mv-., therefore, that ther Is nothing in the situati n i cause the people of St. Louis the slightest apprehension. (Vrtilnl) the . Mst'iuo of the 1 hi'Mgo san itarj and ship t .in.il will mvir hive th diKterious . fleet on tho character of their water suppl."' TRUSTEESNOT ALARMED. IJo Not .clii'e St. Louis Can Se cure an Injunction. Chhago. Ian. 1. -Trustees of the Military llstriet siy the have no feir of the plans of St I-ouis to interfere, through the court, with the operation of the Drainage Cun.il. Trustee B A lakhult said i do not b.lliv- St. ly.uls n present allegations aguinst tho ca.i.il thai will in duce any court in the lind to l-sue an lii Jiini tlon The clnnnel will prove n puri Iier to ImHIi the Illinois and MK-isslppi riv ers not a pollution. Kurihertnoro.thecan.il Is legallv op-ned under a permit from Gen eral Russell A Algir, as secretary of the War Department. It Is nut necessary for the wa er to How ovi r the dam at Lot k norf for the e.inal to 1 leg illy open. rtiio is water in the artlllcl il channel now. inid that makes the work ill use. No court will Issue an Injunction to prevent something that has been done aire id I want to ! further lha' I belli ve tho niajorl of Un people of St Louis are no' In smpith with the llcbt that a few jiolitlcians down there are making The trustees will crr tiilnlv combat any attempt to Interfere wl'h the i.slng of the Drainage Canal." Othe-r truneej exjr sed similar views. L0CKP0RTAfEST0 CLOSE. Water in Chaiim'I Will ICwich Clii cajjo IJivtT Level. Chlcrgo. Jan. 4 President Boldenwock of the elrai:i.-,go boanl announced to-day that n,.i) cubic feet of water a minute, the full volume reqolred by law, would lw running down the dr.iln.igt canal within ten days. The water is already nearly feet deep in the basin in front of the controlling works at Lockport. and as soon as It re-iches the Bear trap dam sills, the gates will be closed long enough to allow the water In the chinned to rise t the level of the Chicago River Dredges will then be put to wo-k at the Campbell avenue dam, at.d it is estimated that the final connec tion between the malr hanncl and the river tun b- made within fortv-elght hours. episcoFaTsister missing. Aas Formerly Jliss Auuta Hen derson of Si. l.ouif. Kenosha. Wis Jan I Much excitement wj'i created In Kenosha this morning, when It was announced that Sistir Augusta, one of the Lpie-ipal Sisterhood of St. Mary. In harge of tin home for the poor, at No rs' and ill Washington boulevard. Ohieaao. had elL-appenred mvsteriousl from Kemper Hall .n this ilty. Sister Aiuusta wis -ten Inst at ". .Vcl.sk on Tr.es.la afternoon. Since that time- no trice of her can be louiid She was formerly Il Augusta, Henderson of St LouK where her family is said in be prominent so. hilly SMC- Augusta nme to Kenosha to nt Itnd the annual retreat of the Slstersor St Marj. at the Kemper Hall chnpel. she attenrhd tin s-erv Ices during Monday eviti Ing and on Tuesda. On Tuesday afternoon she attended J specni service ami Kne-iv . for a long time lieforo the altar. She then ; . . . An.n.....l.. ar . .. fT tlie Went lO Ills .....llllUIIUJ-iyi.111. ... ... . t. ... .a .f..Al ...... .1 I ..ler she I eioistere. .uai .....j n. v.. ...., .... took off her veil and went lo her room. This was the 'ast seen of her A message was sent to the Henderson family In St. liuls. but a prompt response was received thai sne nau uui oeen neara iroio. o ..-. i supposed that the woman had thrown her- j sell inio me wftv, unu ine '&i.i vm'i constant igll along the shore. No trace of the missing woman was found, huwevcr. . V s V f -' " ". 9 rT TNs. 4" - Cx ii& T -.. fa T i DS. SGHENK DEPOSED AND REPRIMANDED. Forced to Heine From His J'n.fcs sorsliip of tlie Vienna l.o- al I'liheiMtv. HIS FAME IS HIS UNDOING. Colleagues Complained I'lirauM" of I'lihlicity iJiveit to the IMim- eian's Theory Heardiii"; I're- deterinination of Sex. SI'LCiAL BV CABLH. lemm. Jan 4 -(Copyright. V by W. R Hearst.) Doctor Samuel I.. Schenk, who has N-cn pursued bv the clamor of the whelo medleal profession of Austria ever sime be won International fame through his thiory for the predetermination of s-exes. has lieen punished. The accusation of Ins professional fel lows was th it he had been guilty of a serious breaili eif prrfesonnl etiquette in s. oklng tiotori.-tv. and that he had not of fend sullici.'iit public contradiction of ex-aggerati-d stories of his experiments. The v appealed to the Government to re lievo tho professcr of his chair of em br.)log in the Royal and Imperial I nl verslty of Viennn. and have been o In sistent that their efforts have finally met with r ward Doctor Sshenek was to-djy deposed from his position in Ihe university and wus also reprimanded bv the Government. The notification sent to him imposes an Indefinite furlough from his duties, but adds that ho may ask for a pension. o.visn or his hi:mo.i.. It was in April of W) that Doctor Schcnk's Interesting theory first came lx-fore the public. There was then issued a book In which the doctor disclosed the treitment by which, it was asserted, he tould Infallibly govern the se x of a ihild to be born. The m st minute details of the tieatment to which a prosp."Ctlve mother was to bo subjected were made plilti In the publica tion but all of the facts In regard to the man experiments of the embrjologlst and oth.r scientific data were submitted only to the iinlverslt and in confidence. As Doc tor Sehenk was regarded as one of the fore most favants of Lurope, devoted to his profession for pure love of It and never a. -eeptiiig offers of money for his services, however tempting, the revelati. lis mid declarations In his book created a profound sensation and Ihe deepest Interest alt over the world. No declaration of the results of scientific ri search wan ever received with such seri ous consideration, and Doctor Schenk not emlv iicelvid bushels of letters from e-vcty p irt of the globe, but he wis besieged by eiowneil he-ads ami the royalty and nobility of many countries On the other hand, the doctor became at once the object of severe attacks In the Landtag of Austria. Several of the Deputies denounced him as a quack doctor. One of Schcnk's noble patients was tho Countessj of Warwick, who followed the treatment. There was great rejoicing when Ihe- stork brought her beautiful ladjsMp a son. and Doctor Sehcnk's stock went away up lu nni;Iand. Italy also came to believe thoroughly lu the doctor's theory, for tho Duchies of Aosta, wife of Prince Lniunuel Fillheito. Duke of Ao.sta and nephew of Ihe King, who went under the cate of the Austrian ravant. bore a son, who may some dav be tho King himself The Duchess was the third suceess among eminent persons, th other being the Arc'.i Juehess Frederick of Austria, but ap p.irent! trie great triumph At home and In tho rojal clrele could not save the elector from his relentless e-nemb s. In this country one 1-oy. at las. Is at tributed lo an obnliei.ee of the treatment laid down by Schenk. Mrs. J'hl)lp Dres baeh of Chicago, who bore a boy. declared that she hud adopte-d the diet prescribe 1 and the le'sult had l.-en jut what was desired. Docte r M lii-nk holds that the sex of a ehlld Is Influenced solely by the mother. The blood of a man eortains one-fifth more blood corpus les (ban the bieiod of a woman The difference in the number of eorpusclts In the blood of a man anl tho blood of a woman Is the basis of the difference eif ss. In a word, a man is a man bei-aui-e he liar more blood corpuscles. If the. proper number of blood corpuscles can be produ. ed In the child before birth and before de-finlto formation has ben ef fected, the child will be born a male. This larger number can be produced, and so It can be made sure that the child will be a male by giving proper food to the mother Tho proper food to give to the future mother is nltrogcnlze-d food, food containing nitrogen In concentrated form, and fat. She must bo permitted to have food containing only ri much carbon hydrate that she will not suffer for lack of It. 30" SL7-yi-- 6 ?r.. W -- . c 'vsho iit it. LEADING TOPICS -IN- TO-DAY'S REPUBLIC. Fe.r Mlseurf 1 lircnlcnlnsr I'rleln, Trlfli slioiiers In northern portion! probably fnlr. vilili eoieler In neirtli-t-rn portion sutiirilut niiuthcrly Ti fuels, becoming: niirthvveslerl . I'nr Illlneils Uibl nho-nrcrs. Frl elnj. with coleirr In northern portiein ill nlghli fnlr nnd colder ntnriliiy; somberly winds, liee-oluing neirlli-Tveplerl- I'nr Arlinnsns -Threntenlncr Frlelny nnd nrnluilily Salnrelnj ; e-eilder Siitnr elu ; seinllierly sxludu, becoming inri n III e. Page. 1. State Will Art Against Canal To Rush Kentucky Contest Through. Buller Assumes the Aggrcsilvo. Doctor Schenk Criticised by Associates. I. Kmpcror William Aroused. 3. Colonel Gaynor'H Family Woes. Actress on Trial for Her Life. Defense Opens In lnuder Trial. R'sr-oreler Gotf Scores Attorneys. Reese Case Taken Fnder Advisement. Frenchmen Kxlled for Ten Years. 4. Sullivan Gets the Short Term. Rugene Donnelly Place.! on Trial. Cable Car Collides With Hoe Reel. Blockade of Str." t Cars. An Armenian Asks a Divorce Good Government Re-publican Club. Death L'nds a Lawsuit. Man's Head Found In a Box. Rol md Reed Operated Upon. Wolfsohn Acaln In Chicago. 3. Plans for City Light Plant. Poultry Show Prizes. City Hospital Alumni Dinner Death of Thomas J. Lvnam. Couldn't Turn the New Leaf. Robber Grabbed Her by Ihe Ear. 6. Sportirg News. Results at Race Tracks. 7. Want War Tax Burdens Removed. Roberts Henring Reneweel. Central C. K. Division. News ef the Churches Aldrich Dismisses Flnnnco Bill Bill to Protect Homestead Titles. 5. LMItorlnl. Soeietj Notes and Gossip. Gu-im Will Be a Model Island. , S. WV.od Visits Havana Lepers. j Wedding Festivities In Ahlcy Building. I Found Burglnry Profitable j St. Louis County Men Decide New Ccn- j turj Question. iD-spon.lent Woman Fnds Her Life. Detectives Saved Ills Roll j 11. New Corporation"! Transfers of Realty. Sale of West Knd elround Railwa News. Joint Meeting on Classlllcalions. Conference- of Passenger Agents. Will Shorten the Run Ile-avy Trunk Nuisance. Protest Against I'lo'lng Saloons. County Sewage In River des I'ercs. . Grain find Produce. Sales of Cattle. Cotton nnd other Markets Nebraska Rani; Case. Output of Flour Mills 13, nnanclal News. Stock and Bond Trading. River Telegrams Ilnctuatlons in Carriage Stock. Government Weather Report. Five Millions for World's. Fair. Children Poisoned by Hating Cheese. Copper Company Reorganization. Hospital Association Funds. White Pass Disaster ( Incinnati Wants Democratic Convention Found Her House Sacked. II HE IS NOW A FREE MAN. Arkansas Convict Turned Loo.se by ihe Denver I'olue. HKlH'ni.IO SPEe'IAL Denver. Colo.. Jan 4 "I am a new man." exclaimed W"att Shatpc as lie stepped from a cell In the city Jill this morning, threw h'.s hut Into the air and danced on the tile floor Sharpe eloes not have to serve eleven years In the Arkansas Penitentiary For eight months he had !een living In mortal fear of being arrested and sent back to the penltentlarj. from which he had escapeel. This dread of being arrested became so har rowing that he could stand It no longer, so on New Year'H Day he went t the police station and surrendered himself to Captain Armstrong. Sharpe's escape was dramatic. He and a fellow -convict were working in a field un der the eye of a guard. They ovtrpo.vcrc-d the guard and took his firearms Blood hounds were turned loose on them, but they had arms anil shot the dogs. Then thev stole two horses, and. riding by night and h'dlng by day. made their way te Texas. There- they separated. Sharpe coming to Colorado Sharpe was convicted or murder In the second degree and sentenced for thirteen ears In ISM for the killing of II. A Whltstone. In reply to a telegram tho penitentiary authorities at Little Rock offered 175. but no more, for the delivery of the prisoner. As this would not pay the expenses of the trip. Sharpe was released, practically a free wan. Colcnso Trendies Ileav- iry Shelled by the British. SCOUTS ARE ACTIVE. General Attack on Jou beri's Tugela Posi tion at Hand. PILCIIER RETREATS. FailS tO Hold DOUljIaS Boers Stand Off French. Sre-cisl rahl- tr Tte It'publlc. New York IIriM nl..i lraon leegrain. i.u&ucaiioa i-renir. l'il Frero Camp, Jan 4. (Copj right. 150". by James Go-don Bennett. i -The Boers con tinue to bombard Lad smith. Our big naval guns to-day shelled the Colen'o lines. One mlssllo burst In a trench, causing lh Beers tei scramble quickly rearward. Another exploded among a drove of horses, killing several of them and stampeding the remainder. Nineteen Kaffirs, who had escaped from tho Boer lines, cime In from Coler.so yes terday. Thev declared that tho enemy were short of evcrj thing and thnt the eommand ants treatrd them mi badly that they could stand the fitu.ntiin no longer. Parties of our scouts now proceed dally toward Ihe Tugela, engaging the Boer guards. iinwv uiiTi.n Kii:cTEn. London. Jan 4 It 13 fully expected that next week will s-e a heavy battle on the Tugela River, which Is now th real p'vot of the war The Boers appear to be work ing Incessantly x.lth shovel and pick. Mllltarv Information shows that the Boer's trenches confronting General Duller stretch away some seventeen miles, and that work upon them Is pushed unremit tingly. While the advance la delajed. flank move ments are rendered most difficult, because long marches are not done with celerity, and It is hard to time an attack with cer talntj. Ijjc-1 Vcthcun's cavalry scouting has ele velopeei th fact that tho Boer's Intrench ments extend some forty miles, far over lapping the British iKJsitlons and making flank ntt lcks cxcecdlrgly difficult. The extent of the Dutch rising may no-v ! measured by taking a line from Prieska on the west, to Herzschel or Barkly on thei east. Along the whole of this line, except at points actually occupied by the British, tho population seems for tho mon rart hostile New redoubts are being built at Kimber I, and fifteen miles of works now encom- piss the town. The Admiralty programme embraces the stationing of small squadrons at Durban. Simons Bay, Port Elizabeth, Lorenzo Mare-u.-z, St Vincent. Cape de Verde Ilands and Cape Town, and sending nil edditlonal ships to Aden. It Is announced that Great Britain's agents and detectives are secretly wntchirg all Italian ports. It now appears that it is John Churchill, second son of Lady Randolph Churchill, and not Winston Spencer Churchill, who has lte-n given command of a squadron of the South African Light Horse. Ijord RossUm has thrown up his cngage- I'll J The Xrrf Lord iveagh. to provide at hi, own expense a completely equipped force In South Afrlei. has l-en aecepteei. The war Ofllce has invited Sir William n-li.t.nu., ... I.w ... .I.A ....I, nt fllitnf t .. n.. xrt7T&:7h,Lot. consulting surgeon. TRACTION IAIilVK. Frcre Camp. Jan. i A vigorous shelling of the Boers trenches on the plain. tl.Is mrrnlng forced the burghers to shift their position after the.r horsed had ntampeded. The traction engines have arrived and have been successfully tested They pulled trucks over the nughest nnd most sandy ground without dlUciilty. I.iniHTK I.MZFl'KCTIVi:. Boer Camp. Colenso. Tuesday. Jan. 2. Tho British naval gitrt r.t Chlevelcy Camp con tinue their Ineffective, leng-range Are night and day. In order to divert Boer attention from the movements of Ihe troeips. Federal scouts jesterday penetrated Into the British camp. When returning, tho British rickets discovered them and woundfel ono Boer General Luca.s Mcer resumed command cf the division heie. General Joubert denies that he has ever profste.1 agntnst ine use or lyuuuc. no avers mat up to mc prcseni ne jias noi lost a single r.-an from lyddite 1)SH 1'ItOVl I.VllVMIITII. Hoofed Laager. I-idysmith, Tuisday. Jan. Z -Six horsemen made a elash from Iidy- smlth a few nights ago. and though pur sues!, they escaped. It Is believed the party lneluded Colonel Rhodes, brother of Cecil Rhoiles. :.nd Doctor Jar.ie.son. The gnrrlEou of Ladystnlth during tho night threw cut feelers em all sides, ex changing shots with the Boer pickets. At midnight, a couple of shells fell into tho Boer camp, killing a burgher General Joubert preached In camp Sun dav The Reverend Mr. Molrlng. who has just arrived here- from America. addre-ed the burgh, rs esterda afternoon, elwelllng en the expiring century witnessing the life struggle of a people. Yi'sterelay mornlrg shells filltjd with con- feitlonery and containing the season's greetings were sert Into Lad smith. 1 esteral shells are 'Ciiinr; in Laeiysmith at from 20 shillings to 3. GATACRE'S CAMPAIGN. I.oei's in Kraut of Him Nunilier From Two to T liroe Thousand. Facial Cable to The i:tpi.Mlc. New York lb-rall ' and London Dally Mall. Republication Prohib- I ed Sterkstroom. Wednesday. Jan. 3. (Copy right. 1S. by James Gordon Bennett.) Eirly jesterday morning a large force of Boers descended from Stormberg on Mol teno. which they o-cupled. They, then pro ceeded to attack un outpost cf fifty men. statlone-d south of tbe town, at the same time cutting the telegraph wire to the south eif them. This maneuver was. how ever, too late, for the authorities at Sterkstrcom had been warne-d ami a re- enforclng detachment of Kaffrarlan Rifles, under Captain Ronnio Mac Lean, pushed forward from Bushman's Hoek. , Flrlns quickly commenced and went on Continued on Pace Two. r Bsesss0004sssB s :i:m:iiai. w k vi:ns General Bulkr Is now rady for s another attack on tte P cr l.n.s at s the Tugeia River s Alre-at' he has assumed .the a-grcs- sive. s Tho Colcpso tr"nche-a were heavily s shelled yesterday, causing a stnm- irftlo of some of tho Boers" horses. s British scouts dally are sent to s ward the Tugela River to engjge the Ecr guard- Generul Buller lias received his s traction engines, and they have been successfully tested. s The Boers say that the British O cannon fire Is Ineffective J.iubert says ho has not lost a man by lyJi.i.1 tire. Joubcrt dellevereel a sermon tj his soldiers last Sundav. Colonel Pllcher was. forced to re- turn to near Btlmont from Douglas O General French has not been alio to tako Colesbcrg. There was hcixy O s s s sj, s s s flghtitig near the wrecked supply train, which was burned. Gatacre's movements in the Storm- berg district have not hen fully clcared up. Oppcsed to hlra are two or threo thousand burghers. The activity of French and Gatacre, Is said to be due to a elesl-o to Im press the Capo Dutch and keep them from joining the Boers. There Is ro change in the situation at the Mcdder River o t a o ssssssss04sssssB SITUATION SUMMARIZED. Boers in Colesberg Reported to Be in a Dangerous Position. r.Y HILTON V. SNYDER, SPECIAL BY CABLK. London. I"rlday, Jan. 5. (Copyright, ISfn. by James Gordon Bennett.) From both. Colesberg and Molter.n, Iymdon received more cheering news this morning than It did csterday. Whether General French has really been re-enforced from De Aar or not. It Is at leabt certain that his force is hold ing the Boer-, although the town of Colfs berg Itself h is cot jet been occuple.1. More over, the Boers' retreat Into the Orange Freo State by the road to Botha's. Drift Is cut oft. The only possible route open to them Is that toward Norval's Point, whither some of the Uoera are rcrrted to be a ready making the Ir way. A prcvlou3 report has stated that the Norval's Pe.'nt Bridge Ls commanded by British guns. The attack, on Molteno, which J csterday was only a matter of rerort. was to .' confirmed. The Boers are now Its -T-.etJeat. After a night march, a force of burghers; of Stormberg seized Molteno at daybreak on Wednesday, at the same time developing nttaeks upon tho Cape Mounted Rifles on the west and on the Royal Irish Rifles and others on the east of the town. Althouch the llttlo British force at Bushman's Hoelc did the best it could, it could not Indu-e tho Boers to come out in to tho open, o the action was, for the most part, con rineel to artillery on both sides. with re-enforcements from Sturgstroom quickly converted the drawn battle into a. Brltlsh victory, tho Boers being elrlven out of Molteno and back to their old positions at Stormberg. It seems as if the Boers planned to lure Gatacre into the difficult country which was the scene of his reverse, but the device failed. After taking Douglas nnd hoisting the British flag there. Colonel rilrhcr evac uated the town again, taking tte inhabi tants, with hlra. It la explained that this activity on th part cf the British and these recent small I engagements are all dono for a purpose. that Is. to ke-ep down the Dutch disaffection . an- that ,he arc I1KpI- to -"W more ! f Jhe ?3m0 dur,nK tho - r two. From the important positions at Jlodder River and the Tugela. little fresh Intelli gence comes. At the Tugela yesterday the ?rr trc"ches .s"bjfcted v '? I In have bem a very vigorous bombardment which elrd a gooel deal of damage and stem pesJed some of their horses. The forces on each side may be roughly stated as follows, though from the nature of things the figures for the Boers can b little more than a guess: Buller HOW Infantry, S,rA cavalry. 2.000 artillery and TO gun?. Joubert IS." mounted Infantry, 1.M0 ar tillery and Co guns. OTIS'S ARMY ABOUT COMPLETE On January 21 Tie "Will Command .Sixty-Five Thousand Men. Washington Jan. 4. With the arrival at Manila of tho transport Grant, which left Snp Francisco on tho 21st Inst., with tho Fort -eighth Volunteer Infantry (negro). General Otis will havo command of an ef fective force of about Gi.Cs.0 men. Tho army now- In the Philippines aggregates 62.n) men. of which 5I.GX) arc reguk-r trcops and !!.: aro volunteers. With the arrival of the Grant, the entire volunteer strength of S4.v men will be In the Philippines. This lnclueles the Forty-eighth Volunteer In fantry, which left New York on tho trans port Logan November 20, and It Is expected, to arrived at Manila tarly nest week. The authorized strength of tho volunteer army Is 33.1" O men, divided Into twenty-five regiments, but most of these regiments are short of their complement of 13iXJ men. and the actual strength of the volunteer army Is about :i.O0i. The organization of these" regiments besan about the end of July and their movement tn the Phlllplpnes closed with the departure of the Grant from San Fiancisco on the 21st nit. That regiment was dclaeei several week.- at San Francis co by the appearance of smallpox In Its ranks. Tbe only volunteer cavalry regi ment In the service the Eleventh Cavalry is in the Philipt-lues. The regular organizations In the Philip pines arc Companies A ar.il P. United States Engineer Battalion: headquarters A. O. D. T- t.. L- 1 ..na Xf Th4rl f.iv.ilrv th ' .Y ,i ''l,,,- P First Artlllerv. O. II. K. and L. Third Artillery: F. Fourth Artlllerv; F. Fifth Artillery He-adquartcrs: A B O. D. I. . H. 1- ' ' allJ O, Sixth Artillery; Third. Fourth. Sixth. Ninth. Twelfth. Thirteenth. Fourteenth. Six- tcenth. Seventeenth. Eighteenth. Nlne, teenth. Twentieth. Twenty-first. Twent second and Twenty-fourth Infantry Head quarters: A. C. K. F. G. II. I. and K. Twent -fourth Infantry, and headquarters B, E, F. II, I, K. L and M. Twenty-fifty It Is expected General Otis will utilize his forces so far as possible In garrisoning the principal cities of Iho archipelago. In th "'.... .i ,rs nn.l rml order, sjid ,h matntcnanco of free and full com- merclal intercourse with the islands, pend ing the establishment of a permanent forta of government In Ihe Philippine.