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The LionHunting Chase Of society will be amusingly illus trated in THE SUNDAY RE PUBLIC When St. Louis Was a "Wide-Open" Town. A capital sketch, well illustrated, in next Sunday's REPUBLIC i. . fin St. I.nuls. One rent. ?T( l V llulnlilr St. I.eilus. Inn Cent. liVjl lOn Train., Thrrr Cents. ST.Lorrs.3ro Friday, .tani'aky id. i moo. NINETY-SECOND YEAR. WORK. SUPREME GGUR1 MAY ACT MONDAY. r vi 1 1 it 1 1 j I r Mi Intimation Th:st Attorney General flow's Motion Meiits Prompt Anion. CHICAGO COU.'JSEL RETICENT. ll Take No Stops rmil Next u ii k .Missouri's KepicM-nta-inc Files a F.rief Present ing Stroiii: Argument-.. The Hc-jolle rurrau. ltth SI and JVi - v mia Axr V. ,'h vion. J ' r xnornc Gcneui! C r . daj tiled in the Sup'-on. Chit- ji e i st.ve brief in fcuppoit of ate niouon f i .notion pr ce-esl.nas as.nst the c'h - c it i Drainage Canal OeucnU Crow ox pi . u o the co-rt -h.-t he had s H telo gr iIn -eiiee to ibe Attorney G. ier.il ut Iir - that these proce edings had Iw,' c-nniei ed, and aiso had roirfie 1 bv- r.ire 1 fu-l-es of the Sanitary Distr.ci of Chl vo the J iiu def nuji.tj in till" ii. Tt- jut siat.sl tl it tlii. not.ee was not as ut. iy mces-ar, h-asmucn as the de-Kniait-i were rcpiestnted l counsel pres ent a.ii intimated thai a deoisVn on the motion to file the con-pla'nt probably would 1. made Monda."wue.. the court meets at Soon Judge Springer anl Olonel Burdett, coun- fir the canal tiu-ti es, vvi re tn the court. The t rmtr stated thai the deiendanta would take no stejis In court until alter Mmujj The art tonsil tins authorities wi li j-i it di'iaeiue. however, and will ciaim fiat the decision of lat Monday in th. i- of Louisiana against Texas l- a pr. . i t in favor of refusing an Injur o tion lhis wa a case vvhcr.j I.-mis'iiia sought bv injunction of Uie Supreme Court to ;r Uct the citizens of that Slate agaln-t the quarantines law o Texas as enfotceJ b li health authorities, lly unanimous dt tsnnn the court dismiss,-,', the hill for lark ff jurisdiction, holding that tile casi was n i -ueh as warranted the court in in terfering with tho dulu:s of the Executive of Texas, not being such a controursy be tnetn two tt-ites i.i lirouRlu it within tho original JUdlCtion of tho United btatta Supreme Court. Auormj General Crow, howeicr, dli;us 3 this point full in his brief and lit. . the ias of the Chreokee Na.ion t. the fatal1 of Georgia. General Crow Is ot opinion that the sur reptitious n; inner in whiih the tanai w n opene-i will not be of advantage to the de fendants "If tho Drainage Trustees are a'-tlns in good faith," ?aid he to The It) public t"r respondent to-day, "why such great hate in opening the gates when It became known that the supreme Court was to be appeals 1 to Thcj liad naiu-d nearly ten cars for this CAfnt, and it Ffims ten d;is longer could hava bees allowed to i-kju, if Chicago roah fJt confldent of tho Justice of ltd position. Tho policy of tho defendants, as Mated by thtir counsel to The lUpublie corre spondent, will bo to await developments in court. Their attornevs aro watching every movo with great vi.ilanct- and are almos. constantly in communication with the fc'an l'arj Trustees. The brief of Attorney ncneral Crow nai presented to the court ju-st b( fore adjourn ment at half past I II will be examined bv the Ju-us in lumbers to-morrow, to (5 tier with the bill of complaint, and a de cision u looked f r on the motion for live to fil- complaint Mond.tv. Tin' llliHiiuri ArKlimelit.. Thf bn f stats. The fitr.il purpose and object of the Cjmiiiint is to enjoin the State of Illinois and the s-anitary District of Chicago, one of 'ts ublic MilKlivis'ons anil agencie"-. frm di i ti ituiii,,' tl.o undefecattd s-wage and n m -u- t'lth of tlii- city of Chicago into t'le J) -'i pi liiver bj artifiilal tn'thois The b'll show- Uiat thce matters are at jrn diseharcl into the ChIci.;o lllvr an 1 iik Miihigan, that the natural How e tl river is into the like, and that bv mew" of an artificial channel which has I - r ut through a r.tural divide r wat r t"i i r il lij means of a system of pumpi'ig w tk- t is priieil to reverse nature and 1 ( rn the si.wai.e to How into tho Dos I . 1'iver, thim-e into the Illini is Hivr rii t, i i 'Iy into the Mississippi, which form- th- eastern bounuarv of the Stato of Missouri. The hill charges that if theso acts be ier Ii I tlie vi.itcr of the river will of a t'ruiiiij Le so j.ollutdl as to render it j"ltt f r drinking 'or v lterlr.g stock, for Tu.u'uf.i.tu ing. agrUultural and domestic t s n,i that thousan Is of inhabit ims of JI s irl .ire ileiH'idetit upon the witer of t 'issli pi Klver for these various pur. I - it is charge J tti.it not einlv is tho 1 ilth of the people imiMCid, but that de I osits of tilth in the river will affect tint j. rtinn of Its bed beloi fiing to the Slato r " will cre-itt a continuing public mil unci The facts in detail .tppcar in the lt'1 and will not be here recited It Is repectfullv suhtnltted th it tho Su preme art of the United States has origl- r.il Jurisdiction of a cause of this charac ter Article III. Foctlon 1 of the Constitution cf the United btates declires: "The jadlclal loner of the United btates Fhill te in one Supreme Court and ill sueh infer4, r courts as the Congress ma, from lime to time, ordain and estallish" Sertion 2 of the amc aitirle 5ays: 'The Judicial nowe." i-hali extend to nil cafes of lsw ard e5ult arising under this Coi.stituti in. the laws of the Unitesl States and triatics made or vlm.h shall be niji la tirder their authorit , to e'ontrovcr Flts tietvven two or more States, betwcc.i a. Slate and citizens of anothir State', and those in wiileli a Slate thai! be a part, the Supreme Court shall hive origliu! Jui Udlctlon." This is a controvcrsj bciwcn two Stales and between a Sta.e and a citizen of an ether State. The parties to the action do not bring it within Amendment .XI to the Constitution which itovWes: "The Judicial power of the United States rhall not be construed to exu nd to anv eult in law or equity commei.ctd or pro recuted at-alnst one of the I i.ited fctates by citizens of unoihcr State or by citizens or subjects of anj foreign Stule." T'hc luutrucrj. As between tho State of Missouri and tne Sanitary District of Chicago (i citizen of Illinois) this cause pre-tnts a cnntiovcrs between a Stato and n ciilzeu of anvher Stato and therefore it Is within the Juris diction of the Uederal Supreme Court, as tdven to said court bv the last caluse of Ar ticle III of the Constitution which gives to tho Supreme Court original jurisdiction in all cases in which a Stale shall be a party. The controversy here relatcj to a navig able stream and the effect of the action cf the defendants on said stream, one-naif of T.hlch is, by act or Congress, within tho Jurisdiction of the sovereign state of Mis souri The State of Missouri must have roverelgnty enocgn to protect her own citi zens and tho lives and health thereof S!.e cannot, as a State, make- common war uj on the State of Illinois or the Sanltarv Dis trict of Chicago She cannot act beor.d her own borders and cannot invade the City of Chicago or the Tcrrltorj of the Stale of Illinois with an armed force to protect het citizens against the threatened danger that will come to them by the draining of the sewage of the City of Chicago into the Mis- m .s!sgft: ';- If f-: ..u frr xs . - - , - , - -- jlK. ST. LOl'IS TAXPAYKR. "SrFTEItlXO (U'XltOATSI TOO': slssinpi Uiver She his but one tribunal to w hich she a appe il and sbe now .ia- ( peals to that great tribunal established in the Co. stltutlon of the Unit'd States ivltii original and plenary Jurl-dletlnn t hear ainl determine cor.trovcr-le-s iH-tvven a Ma-a ami citizens of another State. N'unerous preceaents nnd authorities ar qtiutid to pn.ve that this e-.ise is sUl h as would come within the orlsinil Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the brl.f then Mat s If the Slate of Missouri were an absi Inte lv indejendent foreign sovereign, with the Miiisppi Itiver dividing as it does nra. hpr t'rruorv" as n foreign sovereign from the Itepuulic of the Unitrd Stall .s and the Slat- of IlhroK Missouri would then un- doubtedl liave the right to sue m tlie courts of the United Slates to restrain unlaw nil aets, which, if not prtvented wojld damage the health and llvis anl protu-rtv of the tltl zuis of Missuuri. The question theu cohus lo till- Has the State of Missouri suricndircd or given up to completely her sovereignty as will prevent her at least in a cour of the United fctates from suing to prelect the waters and streams over which she has jurisdiction. In order to protect the liven ami health of her citizens against the un lawful aits of another Statu or tho citizens of another State? 'I he Iticht In sue. As to the other Slat, s of the Union and the citizens of thoe States, wt. bemve her light lo sue them in ivery civil cite, at I..W and c-qultv. in the gr-at tribunal cf the Fedi r.il HitiniLii is sioc!.i!ly ri-rvtd The eltfen'.ant miv contend that the inhabitants of Chicago have a right to discharge th-ir .ewage into this arti'iiial channel because thev had previously mptled it into the Chicago Klver. thence into the Illinois nnd .Michigan Canal, tin nee Into the Des Plaines Klver, thence into the Illino.s llivr, and tventually into the Mis- j si-sippi Hut th- answer to this Is that tho ; rUlit thus elaiTid is like Hint which exists In adjoining minis upon dlffei-nt bvels. l'rom the neee sity of the case, iviry owner of a mine must smbmlt to the in convenience, of having water of an adjoin ing mine upon a higher hvil descend uiion his mine so long .is it ihscends In the nat ural ourse of drainage, bat that does not i ntitle the owner of the adjoining mine to throw- upon him. in nn unn.aturil and mre objectionable manner, wntir which might desicriil upon him In a modified form, not ooiasmning the same amount of Injury to hLs propirtv. In the ca-c at bar the new channel is many timi s larger thin the old i anal, enters the Df Plain 3 Itlver at a dlltcreut place and causes the watir to de teend. not In the natural course of draln- agi, but unnitiirallv ami artificial!, into the Mlsslss pi lfivir. In largir quintiths, and much more polluted, and this the de fendants have no right to do. A Co-ordinate Itemed. Whenever nn In in table n lis, nice exists there is a co-ordln ite remedy In equity to restrain by injunction Hut It will Ih ilainiid. no dnubt. that tho d fi ndant" hive acquired ,i right from cus tom and pre irlpt 'or. bj us,, of the Illlm is ' and Michigan Canal, which empties into the lies Plaines the nee Into the Illinois and through It Into the Mlsi-lssip, to o run thi'.r sewage through the new channel, through said rivers, and into the Mlssl-v slpp'. mil, no I'oubt. also, it will bi claimed thai the Legislature of the State of lllltiuis ' has caused It and therefore the State of Mls-ourl cannot complain because th chan nel U built nhollv within the Jurisdiction of the St ite of I'.Iino's This s di Missouri holds ns the trustee of a public trust, urder ait of Congress, tor the linef.t of the 'people; and sh mav. by lie r legislature, grant It to an indivldi. il. but .she cannot grant the rights of the peo ple to the ii-,. of the watus 'lowing over It These are it alien. ib'e rights. One of thisf. rights of the people is to have the water come to them in its natural and ac ustomed Slow, fru from pollution or fewage cist into it b artificial drains from other States or cities. The Legislature of the State of Missouri cannot authoiizi the casting Into the waters of the MI-Mssppi ltivcr on Missouri soil the sevva-c of its great cities to suih an extent as to pollute and elistrov for nrl- marj. lc.fr domes Ic and manuf icturing. ' purjiosis. the. waters of s ml rivir If the Stato of Missouri cannot do this, then cer- ' tuinly the State of ll'Inois cannot authorize and assist or.o of its inuniclpalliie.- to do so Agilnst a public nuisance, however long continued, the State is bound to protect the people. And for that purpo-e. the Attorney Gen iral. as the law o'hVer .if the State, has the power to institute i proceeding in equi ty ill the- name of the people to compel the discontinuance of the acts which constituto the uui-uucc I'lilef I.nvv Oillcrr's Ilut. This Is founded upon the propo-ltlon th it thr Attornev General is the chief law ofli es r of the State, and that all the people of the bt.ite are Interested In the questiun nn(j l.avo tl-e right to use all the nivigable wa ters within the State, and thst the chief law ofllcer of the people. In tho name of the State, should preveat the pollution of or Interference with a public hlghwav. to wit, a navigable stream, over which all the pe pie have the risht to travel and from which to use water It Is not necessary to an action 'or nuisance ari-Ing from the pollution of water to sav that tne matter discharged Into the stream does not injure the water or lm irovcsthewater.lt is tho right of all per nors to have the water come ty thcrn in its ratural slate, and they are lo exercise their . nn taste .ml judgment, nnd .in-iut obliged to have their property Improved against tin Ir will Tlurif ie. when w.atir Is so fir jiolluted as to injure its primatv use. although it is not used for that purio-e. tie occasion for complaining of injutj Is m ited S) when the u-e of water lenders It In jurious to health or impairs the com fortable cmjojn.ent 'if property, a nul-anro Is ere-ati-d. tictionnMe at the suit of all person speclallv Injurid, and Indictable If the same Is public or th" Injury common And the fact that the v.ati r of a stteara has teen polluted In a similar way for twuitj t?ars do. s not confer prescriptive r'gl.t to continue It. partlcularl when tho rulsanee i suits trom .in increase of pol lution, but In order to make out the case of a nuisance under such circumstances tho Injury lomplalncd of must b u substantial tight and must result from artluclal cJuses and from an actual Increase of the pollu tion. This action of tho S inltary District ex prejdv violates tho right of the Stale of Missouri and is an Ill-gal action. An In Junetion will He at tho instance of this State to restrain. IhU ease, therefore, presents the JudlrDl question of whether one State can create an i continue a nui-aiice In navigable waters forming a boundary between It and another State Injured by such nuisance, such nuisance creates a controversy be tween two Sates, which e-.m only le de termined bj this court. We-, therefore, sub mit that tho bill should be permitted to bo lllfd and that process should be ordertel to ls,ue. ci.r. vituu at joi.urr. IsriTHMi-s-I'l.' HI- Jul!' t. 111.. Jan lb The current of water In the drainage ch innel to-d.iy Is about the same as jestcrdaj. hut to-duj the wat-r has a ihaier appearance In color Tlie depth Is about time f e t. and It Is tsti m ited that about half of the llow of 3J,(i i ublc feet p r minute is now coming dow n the channel. A whole n iool of dead fish rose to the surfaie at l-oi kport, and It Is supposed that the stirring up of the g.iseoui mum rs in the windage basin c.iuscel them to risi To-el i thi How of w.tier was wateheel bv thousands d jeejple. and this afterri'on, near the Jefferson Street Hrlde-. was nn old man fishing lie claimed that he had caught several fish but his story was tied believed Man cl.almeel that ho was tmploved by the drainage channel pe ople to fish IM'ltll UII11IOV AT I'l'KI.V. nri't ii:.p si-i ' i i l'ektn. 111, Jan IS The murh-tallcrsl-nf strong-smelling water of the l hicngo Itlver Is he ule'j for St I.ouls from l.o kporfs extensive works, but 1. is not reached this eit on the Illinois Itlver It Is exrecte-d here S iturday afternoon The boatmen are set uring their boats and belongings along the river banks, fearing a great Hood Chh ego water m iv be trong, but It n mains to be seen when It arrives hero us to Its dense or diluted qualities. Tvo Clinntrc nt I'ceirlu. Itr.Pflll.IC M'W IAI l'eoria. 111 . Jan 1! I p to a lato hour to night no change Is apparent In the condi tion of the Illinois itlver at this point. There has been a rl e of ten Inches In the water during the dav but this Is credited totheheavv rains in I'eorliand further up the valiej The flood from the catnl gates Is expected lo reach Pevrhi b to-morrow night, and Its coming is anxlouslv awaited. There are a great m in varjlng opinions lis to wh- the effect locally will be Sorai citizens are apprehensive, fearing that de struction and pestilence will follow, while there .if isiuallv as many who thtnk the efTee t will not bo noticeable It Is re-ported th it fbh In the river. In those inirtlo-.s which have been contaminated bv the t hl rago sewage are djlng bv the thous.ipels I! tin le-al fisheries are destrojed. It will mean a great leees for Pei rla TEICHMANN(M.DN'T SIGN. City li'iiiists Con trm eis v With City Counselor. The aflldavlt upon which City Courselor Schnurt'iacher is tn base his ippllcntlon for jn IrJunctlon against the e'hlcago Drainage Caral Commission was the cause of a spir ited controversy between the Citv Chemist. Doitor Teichn.ann, ard tlie Cltj Coun-elor lefore the latter went to Washington Tho Cftv Chemist had collected a mass of evi dinco ami made numerous analjses in or der to make the necessarj atlldavlt lis ,m exp.-rt chemist V. he n the affidavit waj prepared b the Citv Counselor, Tiichmaim saj.s he found it so worded as to place him In tho position of drawing cor.cluions as a bacteriologist, as well as an expert chemist. Ti ichmann told the Citv Counselor tint lie wis prepared to qualify as an expert chemist, but not .as an expert in b.icteiiol ogy, ard r. fucd to sign the aflldavlt. as he 1-ad no ab-idutc -:novv!cd(.e of the con clusions set forth, biscd upon the bicte-1-olog'cal ixanunitlons The City Counselor wished tei Insist upon his signing the alh davil. but Teiihmuiin was tirm in his re-fu-al. and after a sharp colloquv he gained his point. The affidavit was changed to meet his vbws nnd he then signed It. An rdditionil aflldavlt wis signed bv Doctor Amand Havold as bacteriologist. BACK TOTTSOLD COLOR. Day's Filth in Chicago Thickens the I.iver. ltVTI l'l.IC t-l'Kl'lAU Chicago, 111 . Jnn 1'. The drainage canal How through the controlling works at Lockport is to be increased to ttD.Ow cubic feet a minute Loaded with sediment from flushing sewers and rain-vv ashed streets. HAVE I (()T TO TACKki: YOU, LEADING TOPICS -IN- TG-DAY?S REPUBLIC Uor Mis-ioiiil I'nlr I'ridny ntnl irob nblv Siiiiirdu) tinrtline-sterly nlnds. I'nr Illinois (ienernlly fair 1'rliluj mid probiibl sjatiirelnj ; Tiesterly IV IlldM. I'nr rl.misus I'nlr I'rlelnjr ami Siit nrila. ; neirthvvestri ly winds. Page 1. Supre mo Court May Act Monday. Iluiler's Artillery Is at Work. 2. I'lghting at I.adv smith Described. 3. Uinaneial Crash of Do Cast'llane. Uortune Te ller's Suicldo. Kllleel by Iter Husband. Divine Healer In Jail. I'ntoiubed Miner S'-rvcd to De.atn 1 IJght en Meier's "Retrenchment" Kills. To Make Ilouser Delegatc-at-Larg. Mijor Is Seckl. g for a Scapegoat. I'rofessor Ives be ores Viicgenhe'n. Her Song was Her Warning. College Girls Very Angry. Z. Colonel CoKon Seriously Shot. Abduction Trial Knds in n Tragedy, l'mploje-s Charged With Theft. Union Club Uuchre. Installation at Jefferson Club. C Sporting News. lie suits at Itace Tracks, llrady on tho Itlng Situation. 7. I illilno Question In Congresj. Nicaragua Canal Seems Assured, ISovs' Trip of Adventure Cut Short. Doctor Young's lecture. Poolroom Convictions. Urult Growers Worried. Stranger Plis Detective. Too Une With Ills Pistol. S IMItnrlal. Democratic State Ticket. Invents In Society. P. Itntlway News. oud Congratulites Leo. Itod-Mlll Workers Strike. .Mistourl Hankers Meet. 11. New Corporations. Transfers of Ite-alty. Guvernmeiit Weather Iteport. Live Stock Men's Convention. Kentiuky Contest l'roccedlngs. New lork Underground ICatlwuy Plana. 12. Grain ,md I'roduce. Ulher Markets. 13. rinnnciai News. Itiver Telegrams. 11. Unknown Philanthropist I'avs for Light Starls a Hank With I'ive Thousand Dol lars. the Chicago Itlver returned to its ancient color to-dav. The highest current in the river registered one milt an hour. Itcpotts from towns along the rlverwhero the flow has made itself apparent are to th ctieet that the turgid isiilutlon lrom the Juliet Uasln nnd the mack-lsd cf the Des PI lines has dUappcarnl The combine d waters of Lake Michigan and the Chicago Itlver In thi Ir eourse down the canal reached the following places at tlie time in iltcatid for mh. tesp. i tlveiy. Joliel. Wednesday, 1." J P rn , Morris. cdnesd.i , ; p. ni . Ottawa. Thursday, i a. in The current Is due to reach other places In the fedlovvlng order Chlllicothe, Januarv J, morning. Peorii. Januarv ".v. aflemoon. l'e-.in. Jauu.ir -1. mornliiL-, Leivistoii. Januar 12. Havana, Januarv 23. Heardstown. January JI, Co lumbian i. Januarv 27. H..rllii. January 23; Grifton. J.inuirj J9, Alton. J.inuir Jy, St. Imls. Januarv Zl Dm tor 1.. o. Jorelan. held professor in b ti ti rlologv at ti.. University of Chicago, said tn-dav that St Louis e annot leceivo un diseasi- girnis b w iv of the dr.aiaae c inI lie ha.s m nie a che'iilcil analsl of tin w .iters of the Mississippi and Illinois rivers. He said. "It takes the v ater eighteen davs to traved from Chicago to the mouth of tlie Illinois Itlver. and if in Opioid gi rrns are Introelue ed Into the e annl. S9 ier c-t nt of them will pt-ish bef ire thej reach the Mississippi As th Illinois Itiver eurn nt, whei it reaehe-s tie Mlsei-sllpi. hugs the llllrois shun In Its further course, there is little Ukillh.sxl th.t St. Louis will get anj mine's Itiver water " WAGERS BRYANJAILL WIN. First IJiir 1 5ft Kecoi tied on the I'lesidential l.'atu. RKruniac srrriAi. New York. Jan IS Two well-known New Yorkers opened the tc-illns "n the presi dential race to-dav with . hlg wager. One of them, stirred bj political talk growing out of William J Hrjan's proposed Visit to the C.-sl tie! S2A" to JG.Oejo that Mr Hryan will bo the next President of the United States. , , This Is the earliest big bet recorded. It is In the future books, as the racing phrase . goes. What the post odds will be is another 1 ! -tl.r. His Message Indicates That War ren's Division Is Heavily Engaged. EXPECTS LATTER TO 'There Will He No Turning Hack," Says the British General Boers' Lines of Defense Are Numerous and Strong. i:y !ji:xxktt I'.cin.uion. SPECIAL lti cp.li: Speai man's Farm. Xatal, Tlinrs !a, 7:-'0 a. in. tCoj-y i i-Iit. MHO, I.v .lami'S tioidoii I'eiuii'tt.) Our i'nwit.er lialtfi'v lit t-tl upon the ISiier lines in i asionallv during last nihi, and (he lioiiili.'iniment was ii'Mimed at a (iiiaitei So si o'cim k this morning. All is well. BOERS' STRONG DEFENSE. SI'li I L 15Y CA1SI.E. London, Fiitlav .Ian. 10. U'opy-li-fht, MHO, by .lames (nudon lien Hell., The iolief.iolideiit of the Standard .i'iids this dispatdt fiom Speai man's J'aiin under dale of ednesda : Lord I'undoiiald made a t-losis ri'ioniioiss.ince of the eneiiiv's posi lioii. They wele found to be st lonely intrenched on a series of low kopjes situated close to the ner anil cvteiidiug tijiht ujt to Laihsuiilh. Their .second main line of tie feiise was I he edj;eof a lull; plateau which was Hanked by a lofty hill on our left called Abejiunna. Their position was further strengthened by the sinuous couiae taken at this point by the Tiisrrln. After llow in; beneath the precipi tous slope of the Abaniyaina. Moun tain, the river winds about until it forms it sort of penins-iila. over which the road to Ladysmith passes up to a plateau. BULLER'S REPORTS. I.ondoi:, .Ian. IS, J :.$". The War Office has- issuod tho following: From KuIIer, Spearman's Camp, January IS: One held artillery howitzer bat tery and Littleton's brigade me across the Tugela at l'otjrieters Drift. The enemy's position is bo iiif; bombaided by us. Five mih's higher up Warren has crossed the liver by a pontoon, eighty live yards long. He hopes his force will by evening have ad vanced live miles from the river to his right front. Tlie enemy is busily hit i unfiling. From Roberts, Cape Town, Jan uary IS: Oatacre reports that three hun dred men of all ranks have been moved from r.tishnian's Hook to lloperberg, and the Seventy Fourth Field Nattery and one com pany of mounted infantry .from Sterkstroom to l.uslnnairs Hock. Otherwise theie is no change. The War Office has also received the following dispatch from Gen eral Roberts, dated Cape Town, to day: I liave received a telegram from Oeneral l.uller stating that one brigade anil howitzer battery have crossed the Tugela IUver at Pot gieter's Irift. Fhe miles further west, at Trichard's Drift, General Warren has tin own a pontoon bridge o er the river. Uy this part of his finre crossed yesterday. The leiiiainder is expected by this morning to be on the north bank. WniTcii hopes he will be able to tuiu the enemy's position, which live miles oh" to his right front is being strongly intrenched. MANY BRITISrTwOUNDED. London, Jan. IS. A special dis patih fiom Durban, dated Wednes day, says: Advices from Potirjeter's Drift, dated esteiday (Tuesday) say that Sir rhailes Wan en has ar lhed within seventeen miles of Lady smith, and that the liritish wounded are at riving at .Mooi ier field hospital by every tiain from the ft out, indicating that there has already been severe fight ing. Neither lepoit has yet been con tinued. BEGINNING OF THE FIGHT. Spearman's Farm, Natal, Jan. IS, 10 a. in. General Lyttleton's brigade, with a howitzer battery, crossed the Tugela Itiver at Pot gieter's Drift, on Tuesday, January 10. The water rose above the waists of the men. The Boers fired two shots and WAKE FIVE 3IILI-S. (hen iii.illi'd iheir foices to the lieiiches, the pass.ier. being uniii ti nupled. The liritish advanced in skir iiiishing oi tier and the small kopjes on the summits, .-,. occupied by 0-:;o j). m. During the night it i.iiued lie.n ily. Vi-steiiliiy (Wi dnes(lay) the 1'ner tune lies were vigoiou'.ly shelled in fiont of .Mount Alice, while the Piilish lemaiiied in possession of the kopjes and plain. He:ny missi eiielond the hills, but the nnal guns and the heavier b.itleiy made good praitice, thor oughly seal thing the trenches. On th- ISoer light a breach was made in a sandbag emplacement, where it i.s supposed the J'oer guns had been phli ed. The cannonade was heavy and conl inuoiis, and the lioeis were ob seived leaving tH'iithes in small patties. The hill facing the P.iit ish position was shelled next. ieiiei.il Wnrien has foued a passage ()f iiti Tugela. seven miles to ihe left. lilt: STAUT I'Olt HIJYsllITH. Mount Allee. nur Potgleter's Drift. Natal. Momlav, Jin 15 The forward movement fir the relief of Lad mlth tican on W. die sd.iy, January 1". from I'rere and Chievelej. Iir,nl Dundonald's mounted bri-fc-mle with the Ulfth Itrlgade, under Gen eral Hart, cemprising the. Dubllns. the Con ruughts. the innlskllllngs and tho Horder Ileglment. proceeded northwesterly to Springfield. The position had prevlcjsly been thoroughly reconnoltered. A few miles outside of Frere Lord Dundonald passed targets erected by tho Hoers to represent a force advancing In skirmishing: oreler. Kvidently the Hoers had be-n tiring at theso rem tho adjacent hills. Lord DundonaM pushed on and as the main column ad- vanc-il it was notified that Springfield was nut occupied by liners, and that the Fifth Hrlgade had taken possession. The Hrltlsh transport extended for several miles and comprised some D.C"0 vehicles. The mounted brlgado advanced rapidly, r.ot meeting with any opposition. The Hrlt lsh scouts hid minutely searched all the suspicious country, hut there was no sign of the eneniv. The column advanced to Mount Alice, fac ing the cnemj's mountain fortress. Tho Hoers had Lien at I'otgieter's Drift tho prcv luus day, but a body of South Afri can horse swam the stream under tiro and brought over tho pont from the Hoers' side. Tho Users wero evidently surprised at the arpcararco of tho Hrltlsh on the scene. A long camp could be seen on Tugela Heights, facing Mount Alice, but tho en emy quickly struck camp and cleared oft I Into tho mountains. A buggy was seen leav irg for tho hills on the right, presumably wnth General Joubcrt or some other com mandant. Gevneral Uuller lock up his quar ters in a pleasantly situated farmhouse be longing to Martlnas Freetorlus, who had disappeared. On Friday a loud explosion was heard Subsequently It wns found that tho Hoers had destroved a bridge unde-r construction seven miles above Potgleter's Drift General Hullcr has l'sued a spirited ap peal and Instructions to the forces, beginning- "We aro trclng to tho ellef of our com rades In Ladj smith. Thero will bo no turn ing back " The order proceeds to nelv Ieo the men, when thej charge, regarding tho conditions unelcr which they should recolvo the sar render of any of the enemy. It nlo warns them that thee Hoers are treacherous In tho use of the white flag. This order has been received with enthu siasm In every eornpi The march was very trjing, but the troops are now encamped amid very pleas ant surroundings Their health is excellent and nil are confident. iivrri.i: kmm'.ctuu to-dvv. LeinJon, Jhh 1, i a. in. Military critics in affiliation with tho War Office consider that the expectes! battle, aleins the- wide arc smith and west of Lailvfemlth can barely be eieiaved be) olid to-day From Dutban it Is reported that fightiiu? l.a.s air. ad Ik. gun General Duller s forces, engaged In tho f'anklng ois.r:ition across tho Tugel.i, are some 13.0WJ or I'.VJ b.ionets. I.SjO horses and forty guns. The disposition of his oth er U." or 20.W0 men Is not known, althoi'gh the assumption is that the whole army wilt lie in action when the hour for combined movement arrives. Three weeks ago Gcreral Duller had 20,000 men Considerable re-enforcements have slate rcachei him, giving him probably 35 iki men and eighty guns all toll Kstimntes of how many men and guns the Hoers hive to oppose him are mere guesswork In rot rcpllr.g to General Lt tle to'i shells the- are using the tactics that i roved so successful In tho battle of Magersfonte in and Colcnso llng low in their trenches and thus hoping to conceal the'r precise position until the Infantry ad varce The DjI1 Chronicle's military expert sees a curious nn ilocy between General Huller's situation now and the eve of Mogersfontcin sow. as then, the Hoers are making a stand with their backs to Investing lines within a few miles -As Lord Methuen, after cross ing Modder Itlver, had to attack the Spt fonteln and Mngersfontcln hills, so General RuIIer. after passing the Tugela, faces In visible lntri nchment.s In a rough country. One correspondent mentions General Pull er's whoeleet transport of 6,vrt vehicles, which connects htm with the railroad, about thlrt ml'es to the rear. Among these ve hicles are thirty traction engines, which draw from ten to fifteen wagons each. Gereral Huller's warning as to the misuse of the white Hag by tho Hoers in his proc lamation to the troops Is considered a rather broad hint to give no quarter. His phrase: "There will be no turning back." Is played upon editorially by the morning papers as presaging cheerful announcements. The absorbing Interest felt In tho sltua- Continued on I'aife 'too. Cee0itl .i:m:iil v it m:us. efr lu'Pra artlllcrv r' sup: d tire on O the Iti er iKjsitiors north of Potgle- e t-- s Di'ft je.stcrd.ij morning e Hnller evidently Ls awaiting the re- ev suit of Warren's turning movement t to the v.est of Potgleter's O He e able s to the W ar Office that ho O expeetid Warren to nu.ke flvo miles O ester lay. and that the P.oers were e t- s'ronsly Intrer.eheil on hLs (War- e r'n's) right front. Indicating that e he ivj fighting was on. Genera! Hulb r. In an aM-ess to h!.s troops, h.ivs. "There will be riD t irn- e lag back " O A dl-i.itih under Tuesday's d.ato 5 from PotgUtir"s Drift sa,s that Uritlsh wouneleil nre arriving at Moid Itlver Hell hospital bv every ! train. Indicating that ther has l.n sonv Iriivy flghtllg e Mlhtiry exjxrts In London figure t tht abeut twenty of Hull, r -t bcttal- fr lems are engaged In the present e inej ement. Keconnoissinces by Lord Dur.don- O aid's cavalry have developed the V fut that the Hoers have numerous s e ai d strong lines cf defense north of te Tuge 1 1 and leading almost up to e I-idj smith e Colon! si rebels have seized the 1-n- e O pi rtant t wn e-f iTle-ka. r.Drth- e O wis of De Aar O A 'Ptaihment of tronrs L'-'-.-.gi-ig O to French's command in ei(. c-!es- O berg District, was aml.Js.ied and ej. me-t of the party killed. wounJed or CaptJre 1 O SITUATION SUAMARIZED. Persistent Rumor That Lady smith Had Been Relieved Is Discredited. P.Y MILTON V. SNYDER . SPECIAL UY CAHLK Ixjndon. Frldav, Jan 15 (Copyright, 1SW, Iv James Gordon Hennett There is a per shsfe nt rutror afloat this morning that La dv smith has been relieved The same story had reached the War Office by midnight, coupled with the, state-rent that a decisive victory had been won by the Hrltish Ths officials there, while professing to havo re ceived no further dispatches than thoi given out. lntirrate-el that perhaps the sec ond rumor Indicating that a battle had been fo'jght might be true, but they placed no confidence In the first story. The last news received is contained In Gentral Puller's dispatch which states t!.at General Warren's entire force had crossed the Tucela at Trlchardt'a Drift and expected to advarce five miles from tho river by last evening As the Eoers wers Intrenched In his right front, this clearly Indicates tho possibility of an encoun'er at any minute, but the relief of the besieged city is not j ct at band. A3 to future moves. It Is all guesswork. Tlie Hoers occupy, la force, the kopjes in front of Puller, and have strong- positions on Amot Hill Farm, wme six miles from Potgleter's Drift. This pcsitlon ls open to a turning movement by the west, which would cut It off from the Free State passes. anu o tne east tuso. If tr.o garrison of Lad) smith could make a strong movement against the lamy's position by Onderbrook; and Grower's Kloof. Ilullers Advantage. General Duller has two drifts la his hands, which gives him a great maneuver ing power. Ho ls holding Colenso in front by a bridge, havlnrr the right protected, and his railway lino to Frero guarded by tho divisional tn.ops. After enough men havo been left In tho trenches and th drifts, ha would hav left his cavalry ana mounted Infantry about twenty battalions. Thero would be two brigades compris ing eight battaliora, with batteries anl naval guns to make a good advance and fight tho Hoers If netdful on their south ern front. There would be somo twelve battalions. two cavalry regiments, the irregular horsa and five field batteries, under General War ren, to work away to tho west, majbe to Dc-wdrop or Actc.it Homes, or, perhnps, fur there to tho west by Itustenberg Farm. It is not thought that he will attempt to force tho parses. They are fortified and tho Hoerst have five if not six lines of com munication by tho three principal Freo Stato lasses, by tho railway through Clarkcstown. by Landman's Drift from Vr held. Warren prolabIy will work to tho west ward so as to draw off some of the Hoers from their new position, which might help. General Hlldard's force or another near him to take the north of the Colenso posi tion or tho GrobIer"s Kloof position In the rear and then press on and Join hands with General White at Pleters Station, as Whito would bo on tho lookout to Join the fray both by I'lefers and by Dowdrop. MEXIA WILL CASE OPENED. Son Sues for larger Share of Hia Father's Estate. UErUIILIC fiPECIAI. Dallas, Tex.. Jan. 15 The trial of tha will contest cas- over the estato of tho lato General Enrique A. Mexia, the noted Mexican soldier, ami statesman, wan be pun before Judge Kckford. In tho Four-, ternlh Judicial District Court to-day. Th statu is estimated to bo worth from. 1,000, W0 to $J.exv.t" When General Mexl.n, died In tho Cltr of Mexico about four jears ago he willed, approximate, all of his property to his daughter.-, In.z and Adele. of the City of Mexico, and practical' disinherited his son, Clarence W. Mexla. of Dallas, Ttx. Thla son ls contesting the will. VERDICT AGAINST GAVIN. Ella linker Awarded ?10,000 for IJieach of Promise. RKPUItUC SPECIALS Decatur. HI . Jan 13. A Jury In the Cir cuit Court bn this city this afternoon aw.trel ed L'lla Haker tld.iW) damages against James Gav In for breach of promise. Hoth parties are from M iroa Tho case has at tracted much uttirtlon. BUBONIC PLAGUE ABOARD. Liner Jloninoiithshiie Is Flying the Dread Signal. Rnrrntiic srnciAi.. Victoria. Uritlsh Columbia, Jan. 19. Th liner Monmouthshire has Just passed here, 11 Ing signals cf bubonio plague on boird. Apparently she also carries news of a w reck. KAISER'S AMNESTY. Will Celebrate His Ilirthdav by Freeing Petty Criminals. SPECIAL 15Y CABLE. Herlin, Thursday, Jan. IS. (Copyright, 10W,, by James Gordon Hennett.) It is stat edthat tho Kaiser Intends on his birthday ti grant amnesty to all offenders who hava In-on punished with less than sir -nnnth-.. .Jmjirisonmeat, I ,?'