Newspaper Page Text
IHE paper with the marvel-
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC.
HE "super" is getting to he
ously beautiful half
tones." A correspondent's
quite an important featujc
of local theatricals. Read of
reference to The Sunday Republic's
him in next Sunday's Republic c
. ,., r.T f ,n Sl' '""' "" Cent.
I M? I (IIS ( Outside .. I.niils. Two Cent
1 --V-" I !.. I rains. Three Cents.
ST. LOriS. MO., THURSDAY, MAKCI. 2.). V.M).
FORGED INTO LINE
BY PARTY WHIP.
SAYS McKINLEY IGNORED
AN APPEAL FOR MEDIATION.
if ''" J
--- -.. i
poclarc Void TIU IVijiiii. An-
Fit-i- Tr.ido Itipuidiin Sfiialoii
Cons.'iu in an Karlv Vil
on 1'iiiMto Ki.-an Mill.
America Asked to Befriend the Boers a
Month Before the War.
thorizin; Dredging for old
at rape Xoiin
v. .r. i2X
A'fj-Tr A., y
r-ss X V2?7y(ffltirv f,
HIS ACT A VIOLATION OF LAW.
I-nn.I and Sho.il Walei. of lli'luuij:
-e.i Dfolan'd ipon to Iplor.i-
tioii for (Jold 1 Aiiifii
r.nri n.ir crEiiu
W .shirstnn. March -s-Th S r.ate 'lit
evening r liukcd the Acntat of War lor
Ins ac lion in issuing perm. Is to :redge for
poll in tlio gold-bearing sands in anl around
s'apc Nome. Alaski. All such permits w re
'cenouill .1 .U.J. mi i it .1- me- ..-iia.e- .. s
concerned the I ermits her. tofore issued
were null.ticd and revokes, up J their i--u-arre
in the future prohibited The discus
sion in the Senate to-d i was a contmua
tion of the debate j.M.nlai the sirlcfir. s
upon favotitism of tlio War Department lc
lpg brought promiuemlv to n iluo bv S. t .1
tor Jencs of Arkinsas and def. nd"d n i
hilf-hcirlcd fi'-hion 1 Senators Caricri-nd
Senitor Jon.s discussed the rc n-Ie p'r
mts that had been gn-ite.l with great d -tail,
and pninte-el out how impossible it was
for tbe-e permits to lie i-su, J under th it
provision .f th law governing the con rol
of na rjWc stream and waters of the
Vmtfd States He ihirgci that the issu
ance of these permits, prov e-d a desire on
the pirt of the dcpartnviit to plav fav.:-
Ites" and permit rertam favored mdividuils
j to pet in m the ground floor" with "ieir
dredge., to the great detriment of Ame-u in
miner' who hil cone to tint porn in f
ff Alaska un ! r th belief thit the Fiit-l
-..A, ...in..... 1n.- .....1.1 n..... ..! -
C-.fl.- lil.l.lll,. 1 ; t1UJ I.-. ,11111 1
srne to iliem all ri;ht the tccur.d .w
jroS'"tor- .imis-d in the work of lotitin.;
mineral Ian i-
nif-e permit-. Mr. Jones paid interfered
with the richts of American miners and
were in violation of eitrj lm maeted li
Corpres on the subject. He jntinted out
that the t-eerct.iry of War had poi'e out
-r his wav to insuo th-e permit- In no
t nse of the word rould tln-i mininp le
c ristn.Ml as an interferenc. with the
lgable waters of th- United State" It
apiiarentli. part of a jiHn to pie cer-
,'fr-ons the odiantati of a d.part-
ment fermit. so that the mipht -sean-h
for pold under a Goieriiment permit in
terrilori forbidden to tho.- mmer n he did
not possess sueh a jx rmii.
This action waa denounce.! as a iolation
cf not oni the letter, but the spirit of the
law, which was nev.r intended to coxer
such a iase as was presented by the con
ditions tvi'tins at Cape Nome This was
denounced bj Stmlor Jones as not onlj
an outrapeous but a plain usurpation of
The administration wai defemied from
the charse of willful cijsic" of tlie law by
Senators Carter and Wolcoit, altnoupti Jt
was eiont both these Seuitors lielieied
the department had crronouI inter
prtted the law and made an application of
it to the Oue Nome situation.
-senator "artcr contended that the condi
tions at C.pe Nome and aIon,r the coasi
were inuiue Thtj wfre not in coutctnpla.
tion at the time certain laws were enacted,
for the repul itions of persono who dr sired
to cieaiatc under the shoal waters of tha
fcea. I nder no circumstances could 'he
c'.redsins for sold in the Cape Nome waters
be construed a." an obstruction to naviira
tion and the , rmits prantod. Jlr e arter
Id, l)u.l Uen prant.d solelj to rt lieve the
rcdseri, from ihe posibilit of iolatioi
of the laws now on the s-atute books and
rot with any inttniion of snowlnc favont
icm to aiy person, persons or corporation
In tbc mam. Jlr W'alcoti asreed Willi
the conclusions. r ach(d b Jlr Carter He
offered an amendment to the Al isk in cod.
hill, placin-j the whole matter under the
juri-wilrtlon of the Secretary of the Interior
and llmltinp the juri-diction of the r-
tary of War to the mere matter of policing
Lnrtcr h Amcu.liiirnt IkhcI.
Tliis was oted down to-da and Mr
Carter's amendment was apro-d to, whnh
is in accord with all the pnaiitKe minim?
laws of the L'nlted States. This amendment
provides that all land and shoal wate-r I .
low mean hiph tide on the shores of Hcl.r
inp Sea shall be Miliject to exploration for
Cold, etc.. hy citiK ns of the United States
or persons who ha,c declared their 'nten
tJpn to become such, under such reasonable
rules and repul ition as the tnine-rs. in tr
panizinp mining districts ma hue here
tofore made or maj hereafter make po
crcinp the temporar. possession Iereof
for exploration and mining purpce-cs until
otherwise provided bj law.
One of the most signiti' ant cl iuses In the
amenoment. and Ihe one that rcbuk-s Sec
ictarj Itoot. reads as follows.
"And ail iKrmlls her. lofore granted au
thorizing an pep-on or .Mr-ons, .orptri
t ion or company to excavate or mine under
sny of said waters are hereby revoke! and
declared null and void "
This amendement was agreed to without
the formallt of a ca and n iv vote. It now
bicomes a part of tho code of laws for
lasK.i, and will probably pass both houses
(.ongr.ss in time to control affairs in
AU"sVa before the work of mining for k)M
on tin's beach begins in June.
The moral effect of the adoption of the
Carter amendment will cill a halt upon the
issuance of further permits by the War De
partment, and to Mr. Carter, rhicfiv be
longs the credit of righting wrongs th it
have leer perpetrated, and protecting the
future rights of American citizens who will
"k for gold upon the cold snd liarrcu
shores of Cape Nome In far off Alaska.
Crown I'rinoe of Japan to Wfd
Washington. March S. Minister Tack, at
Toklo. has informed the State Department
that onicial announcement has been made
of the betrothal of his Imperial Hichne-.
the Crown Prince, to Princess Sikado. The
vrecWing probably will take place Curing
The future Empress belongs to the an
cient and historically famous Fi.jin.ira
lanlly, and was educated on modern lines
jrL the Peeress School in Toltlo.
USE PORTUGUESE TERRITORY.
British Tioops May Thus Advance
London. March 29 The Foreign Office,
according to the Dally Chronicle, is ar
ranging with Portugal for some thousands
of British troops to be landed at I'elra and
fent by the Rhodeslan Railroad from Mas
l Kesso to Cmatall. A permanent ar
rangement is understood to exit for the
tfc of this route to transfer the Rhodesian
The possibility of foreign protest is sug- I
rated, by the Daily Chronicle.
DAVIS SUGGESTS A REMEDY.
7o Iinp.is,. Jiiiciiml I.'i'miuic- T.i
t'l! limn and Toli.uio J'oinls
ni lni(iiiiir-s of I'h-s
tKI'l PMC S-l'O I U
Washington. Mar. h fis-Si ritwing per
lonal ecnvietions for part e-onsidir.Uioiis
iree-trade Kepubliean Seiuitor, have icld
td lo the pies-sure of Ihe partv in magers
ind eonsent.il to a vote In ing tak.n on the
".unitI and r mo.lt led I'm no Kiean bill
311 1 Uesday net
This me ins ,(n adh r n e 1j the senate
lo the pi in 0r maintaining a tariff wall
jetwesn the I nit.sl Slat, s if.I Puerto ISlco,
md the only possible is iie now from .
great blunder r. sis upon the President, as
he House is ininmitt'-d t.i t It. idea.
Senitor Foraker had little dillii ultv to
J obtaining unanimous e.insent for Iiing
e time ftr a vote He was anxious to cloe
he matter up tbL week, but as sevenil
Ftnators desire iospt.ik It was tmall li -tided
to Le-gin votiig on the new bill" and
r-nding amendments at 4 oclo.k on Tties
da nt.t The part manager-, who have
canvassed the vliu iiion, are convinced tint
jnlj th.se live Senators will vote against
he tariff features of the bill. Davis, M i--o:i.
Wdlint-toii. Pro-tor and Mmim. Th.-v
expect the pissase of the lull m its pros, in
shape bv a vot of 47 to I"
1 IS s T IM.VN.
Washington. March - The Smate to
Jiv aijr.ed lo vole on the Puerto IJh.j
governmtnt and t.iMft bill Tuesda after
noon at 4 o'clock.
An important utterance va made liter
in the d..j on the l.'II bv jir. ijavis
e-f Muincsiita. who .idvoates" free tnide
between the Tnilcd Slat, s and Puerto
Rico His spn-.il v,,s cmar..tivelv
brief, but his rtasonnis: w.is h1 . lo-.
anl eogent ili.it he crowded into smii
space an imminse- amount of well-digested
iiifonnatioii ami c ireful thought
His prii.cip..l proiiosittnn was that the
monev to be raised bv t..xation should be
r.us.l not b a .lutv . vi. d on Puerto Ri.Mii
products but bv an i'lternai revenue- tax
I vied on rum and the tobacco produced in
the island Tin- sjst. m in his opinion.
wouH bUer s,tl ,,e -.ple of the lsLitnl
of Puerto Rich thin the proio-d tJiilt
and would It just, .sjuilabK and constitu
tional Mr Davis of Minuesoi.t is. oi.e of t'.e
lea lerv of th- moveniiut against the nrop
osition to uiipos,. a t,lrl upon Puerto
"I am so .1. siroi.s of .n earlv vole upon
this bill," siiJ Mr. Divi. "that I have
thought it better lo address the Senate
this a'ternoon much more briel! than I
othtrwise would have done This will cause
me to omit some discussion of eonsiinni..,,.
al imcst'ons and many other matters, auxll-
iar. anu collateral to the main subject."
ItlnliiK 'I nlr of I'rotcxt.
After tho elaborite argumen' of Mr.
I;indsay. .Mr. DavK v.,d he did not think
it was m-efssar fr ,,,, to ontr , n a
????.tltr,lion'1 "ici"ii of th. subj.st.
While In deemed the .juestion virv imiiort
ant. he regaid.d it as .ntir.i.v nunpartis.tn.
and fell that it ought to be so considered
His remarks, he s... w,jUld l dlrw.te.1
to the lions,. i,ii which had he. nine a part
of the Smate me..suie n, -. , j i tll,, It
e-iuld not le denied Um from the time the
measure was reimrt. d to the H u-t until
to-daj there bad Ih-i n a rising t d. of pn.
Usi against ii and the protest h.,d cul
minated in right-ous inhgnatiun It Ii ..)
e-onie from every part of the coiintrv n,d
from pi p'e in overv walk of Hf. . aMd it
was based ufM.n the principle that Puerto
Rico, In all the circumstan s. should have
fr.e trjdo with the I nite.1 Silt.- 1'ih.n
the question pres, ni. d he s id there was
an linlnlie v.iriitv of ..pinion After t
plaiuinc britflv an ame-idm nt he had of
fered .arllcr in the dav ifr D.vis main-taine-l
that a I lrifT csml 1 not ! levl.sl s
l-tween I'uerto Iti. u and lh 1'mt.sl States
although it was erfi- tlj cuint lent fur
Congress t. provide for the construction
of internal revrnu. tax. a on the island.
I'lep for tin. t oiisilitiiloii.
Vh do s-me insist tli.it th. re is no
other w..v of solving the qti. sU,,,i pre
sented, when a w .v is pn sc nted tint is un
doubte.ll) constitution il" impur.si Mr
Davis "Whj Ins.st up-m a larilf ii.n th
pr.Miuets of th islands bv i bill u tilth is
so ephem.nii as to e pite in u jcar and a
dav " Vh. indeed, iiisim uj. n tin- pro
visions of this mosur.. when ii would l;
far liett r to let constitutioii el conditions
. nnf inn."
Mr Davis contended that the amendment
he had proposed would go far to app. .is.s
the s-lorm of protest and iudigiMtlun which
had arisen and would satisfv th- i-upli of
this country and the Pu-tro Rnans them
selves. "If I Interpret tho signs of the tlinis in
this eountrj." he sai I. ih.-i. is Int. iW -,.
iMi-itiou to this bill among oi.r p. opl. . This
will 1-j alia jed l.j Hi. aduplion of the ,rp-o-ltion
in my amendment And as to t)i
I'uerto Rieans, th- would le imt. s;iijs.iol
lij the l.-vjing anl olleeiinn of internal
revenue tixis on mm an I ml. .
Th whole pn.j'et of lew lug a lailn" oil
Puerto Itiian pniueis b. sid vvas s. if.
.-neralive of objections- .l.j-i-iiops whih
spring from evcrj iossi,le sour. . All sorts
of arguments had been tirc.-d In support of
th tariff. First, ii was chiritv, but that
had In. n swept away b the p6s.sessjor, f
the two million dollar appropriation bill
Then It was "that bejond Puerto Rim lies
the Philippine- "
"As to that." said he. "I believe um
suflicient unto the- dn then-of is the vl!
nn.1 tho good thereof. The Philippines will
present their problems In time 1 would net
work an Injustice against the p. ..pie of
I'uerto Rico to meet an uneert lin question
as to something eNe "
The mxt argument :idvance-i to support
the tariff, ho said, was the protection the IZ
rer cent would afford to ou- products md
labor He ridiculed such a proposition as
no protectionist would contend tint 1". .er
cent of the Dlngitv rates n..ul.l affopl a !e
quato protection for anv thing Adv.rtmg
again to the Phihppin. s as a factor In the
Puerto Rico problem. Mr Davis said,
Ah tn the- Philippine-.,
"When we come to deal with the Philip
pine ciuestlon we will take e-ire of that.
Pu. rto Kn-.i is Hitle more than 7w miles,
from our coast, the Philippine-, are vi
The lslird or Puerto Rie . is uiti-rallv a
part of North Annrican jurislelion the
i'hillppin. s are a pirt of the dom iln of
Asia. Again. Ihe product and people of the
Philippines, when th time e-ome-s. the
rights of American labor will be protected
bv anv party that mav lw in power"
Mr. Davis said it was inconsistent to ex
tend our laws relating to the coastwise
trade to the llind and not extend our t inff
law . As to the feeling in the cou:itr upon
the question, he -aii
"I think I would lm as hrm ns anlod
under a sudden, transltorv public mani
festation of feeling, but when lint senti
ment speaks to us week after week in .in
stant swelling volume, we must take heed
of It. This question is well understood bv
the people Supporters of this bill cannot
lav the flattering unction to their souls
that the edllcrs of the great newspapers do
not understand It quite as w.ll .c we do.
The peonle understand it, too. and under
stand it well.
"They understand well. too. that upon
elistilliHi spirits and tobacco there is no" an
imposition of a mill of fixation bv this bill
The subjects of taxation upon which we
place heavy burdens go -cot free on the
island of Puerto Rico
"And what do they propose as an ex
change for that kind of taxation" Whv the
imposition of a tariff It Is so ea-v to pi ice
a. fix upon these articles Hut I shall be
surprised if the proposition to .let i-o does
not meet the approval of Congress and the
people. Whai are the people going to sav
if this bill pnses" They will say: -Free
rum and a tax on what the loner people
Ambassador Paunccfotc "I'm sorry Mtcrum made such a bloomin' row."
Secretary Hay '"So ham Hi."
WEBSTER DAVIS MIST SEE
McKINLEY BEFORE HE TALKS.
He Saw Fighting All Over South Africa, and Fellow-Passen
gers Say He Is Pro-Boer to the Core
His Guarded Replies.
t'h t:i j'. i r it 1 1
lis Tun.- la.!! tr e
New York. Mar. Ii I-Willi v.rj apiai
arc nf having iM'nefltcI bv- his va. utiou.
which began prior . the e'liristmas holi
davs. and himself nillnning that the long
oi.ting and ") mil. s of -a trivel had .--tabli-hed
his h.alth. Mr. Webt.-r Davis.
Assistant Ses-retarv of the Interior, returned
to-dav from tile se ne of war in South
During his siav In South Afiica Mr.
Davis was the retipieut of exceptional
courtsies fiom Inith side- On arrival at
Delagoa R.iy. the private car of Pre!.! tit
Kruprr was placed at his iispei:i! In this
equipage ho travelul comfortably lt the
front, alter i.ilng his respects to the
Transvaal executive and to President Slcj.fi
of the Orange Uri1 State.
11. was an lntcrcsteI spnetmor of nil the
flghtii g from t ol nso to plon Ivp. n the
Tupel i. and of the siege of Iilv smith
Subsequently, he j..lms Oen. ral Cronje at
Magersfont in. .mil from an eminence- in
that ndghl"rho(el wiin sel the approach
f the Itritish for- s iindi r Lord Rolx rt
Iiter lill he enlere.1 the Rrltlsh lines and
h id pie tsant i onv. rse with the ( ommand. r-m-Chief
anil with !neral Klte-h. n r. r -turning
after a dav's absence to rejoin the
l.ion of South Africa "'
He left for home on Febrtnrv 14. liking
the Delag.n Ilav reute to Nap.es. and ar
riving ill New lork this morning on the
steamship Aller of the North ".. rnim I.lojd
lane, from Genoa Manh ! At ejuariinli'i..
Mr Davis met his private secr.tar. Mr
Frank J. Humm r f Washington, vvlio
1-ost.sl him on the latest developments in
the jsilitleal world at home' and abroad. Tho
twain dined at the Wallorf. and late in
the day left for the Nation ii Cipital.
strirtly Private -lam-nr-..
Although hrralded bv fellow jiassengera
lis pro-lleer in I1I1 svmpithie. Mr. Davis
was er guareltsl In discussing the lioer
war and tils connection therewith He made
It plain, however, that he had Ken charged
with no mission either by his own Govern
ment or the Pretoria authoritl--, and that
from Hrst to last Ids Journcvinss had IV-cn
strictly of a private iliararttr. He sought
Infoimitlon rath.r than gave it. and one ol
the Ilrst questions be akfi was feir a ns of
the Herald-Republic corr-iind;it with tho
Itoer arinv. Mr Thomas I' Millard.
"When I left Pretorii." said he. ".Mr. Mil
lard bail purrhaseel the ii-ual khaki outlit
prcparatorv to going to the front. He was
to join General Cronje at the Minlder River,
a few dajs liter, and I have no doubt that
he did so 1 have been Inlere-sted to kuow
wnether he was captured with General
Cronje s army at Pairdcberg. and fully ex
pected to receive tidings of him on my ar
rival at New Yolk
"Mr Millard reached Pre torii just its I
was alieiut t leave, and I was glad to be of
rvlcc to him. as far as lav In my powci I
arranged through Seretar) Reitz for the iu
lerviw Willi l'rerjdcnt Kruger wh.cli Thu
Republic published a few el.ij s ago.
This int. rv lew I brought back with mo
to Naples, mailing It theic, as requested, to
the otlice of The II. rat.! In Paris."
(Ulsewherc The Republic publishes a .lis
patch from Mr .Millard, elated Pretoria.
Wfdiusdav. March .. This is conclusive
evidence that the correspondent was not
capture! by the Itritish at Pant-del rg. e r
that, if captur.-d. he was released and re-turre-el
to the Transvaal Republic)
Mr. Davis repudiated a numkr of Inter
vhvvs In whieh heh.nl hen frcelv quoted by
Im.lon newspapers. Ills attention wis
called llrst lo this dispatch to the Lnndoi.
Daily Mail from its corrcspemdcnl at Na
ples "Mr. Davis said that he had been cspeclal
Iv struck l the neglect r the Bngilsh in
regard to the b.irlal of their dead. They
hardly,' he declare-il, Mig any graves at all,
but are hiding the corpses under a few
shovelfuls of earth, from which are con
stantly seen emerging a fevnt. hand or head
When the heat or rain comes, corpses of
fer an atrocious picture ' "
Another correspondent at the same plice
attributed to Mr. IUvls a slatymcnt that
intervention to end the war was out of the
question, and that "now that they havu
lieen disillusioned from the state of mind
In which the Iloer.s were al the moment of
mv elepartiir. and fiom what has hap
pened! since. I iK-lleve that their resistance
will not be persisted In much longer."
These so-callesl irtcrviews,' " said the
Assistant Secrclar. "are pure fabrications.
I will not deny that I witnes-vd the battles
of Spion Kop, a:id mado some observations,
aor that I tuok photographs of tho eceaa
for tnv own personal amusement, hut until
the Aller rca hed t.uarantiuc this morning
and voti eiine :ilK,.Td I have not talki'd
with i news-pap r m in since I left Mr. Mil
lard in Pretoria, and I have given out noth
ing for piiblleation I saw ever thing worth
seeing from the standpoint of a i-ctator.
while In South Africa, but. In the v.rj.
nature of thligs. my pesu.n Induced tl.e
tilmo't .aulion. .md even now the- propri
eties demand that I shill firt se-e the Pre-s-id
nt before taking the public into my con
Then jour call i.pon the President will
1 In a sense', otliiiiir w.es suggested.
"In a unse. .." Mr. Davis repiieei. 'but
not in the sene jou tne'in. It i cus-lomary
for a public nfliel.il. after a lavo of ab
sence to piy I.ls re3le-cf to his .hlef ml
tlut is what I will do as a matter of
.ourse l had no mission to South Afrri.
however, ami mv vlit to that far-awav
1 ind men ly fulfilled a promise made leng
ago to mv .1.1 friend. James G. Stovve. the
I 'iltcd States ( oiisul General at Caps
Town. Mr Stowe Is a Kansas City man
and was associate! with me in business and
polltlrs before anil afier my election as
Major of tha: eitv He was sent to Cape
Town at mv r-iuest. .md when he was leav
ing the fnlt.sl States. I promised him that
I would spend my next vacation In his
btillwiek Afl.r the Ohio campiign of last
jear I wa In a rundown condition, md
ask.si for a 'cave of ntr-en".-. which the
S'cretar) of the Interior grantesl.
"Then, recalling my promise to Siotir.
and wl-liiig aNo to see something .if Iho
lighting In South Africa, I set out for Cai
Town on December . going bv v.ij of
Southampton Til re was no seeree-y about
mv trip, and the tlieoo tint I h id a Gov
eiuineiii mission Is merely a newspaper deduction."
11 r. line Is Hvaslve.
ske-cl what he thought of the Rocrs. Mr
"I cannot ill-cuss the liners n a militant
sense, but I will say that they arc a God
fearing people and are not to be ranked as
harlmrian" Prespbnt Kru,er I found tn
be a vitv r markable man. I met President
SPn of the Orange l"ree State and most
eif the I to. r Generals, including Cronje and
Joula-rt. of whose eleath I hive heard with
ngret The-j were alt verj kind to me. and
I have eirlv pleasant m-morlc of them I
m.i) "ay tho same of J.oril Roberts and his
ehlcf of staff. General Kitchener. In fact,
everjwh.ri' I went I received only the most
courteous treatment. 1 saw all tho bittles
fought about I-il smith anil was on th
fighting line a great ileal of tho time. Of
what I saw and of my Impressions I can
not speak at this time. IVrhaps In a few
davs I miv have something to siy, but
not now "
"Are the Roe rs the Hnd o' people. Mr
Davis," The Republic correspondent asked,
"with whom we. In the light of our own
traditions, can properly sj rr.pathlzc"'
"That." he answer-!, "is a very comprc.
heiuOve question, to answer which would
leid me lo sav more than I care lo .it thii
lime I cannot answer -our question "
A quer concerning the Macrutn case elic
ited a like reply, but Mr. Davis old say
this much about the report that Ihe Hocrs
would destrov Johannefburg rather than
see the town fall Into the hands of the
"I elon t believo It. I think tho Roers are
altove anv thing of that kind "
llnil Real lew.
Mr Frank I.inge, a tobacco merehant or
New Vork. who resides at No. IS West
One Hundred and Kightecnth stree-t, and
who also was a pissenger on the Aller.
talked rather freely of Mr. Divls"s impre
sior.r as he had gatlicrd them on the
voage from Genoa.
"I found him to bo pro-Boer nil over,"
s-ld Mr I.inge. "He said to me that the
Roers were In the right in this war. but
that they could hardly be expected with a
fi n-e le-ss than 40,0i) men to check a Rrlt
Ish army of nearlv 3M,0y). I expressed sur
prise at his estimate of the numerical
strength cf the Roers, but he said his fig
ures were right and that the Rocr forces
had been greatly overestimated. We
never had more than 5.00 or G,tXJ men
in any one engagement, and more often
than not. Ruller and Rolerts with their
vat forces wire confronted by a Boer con
tingent of le-s than 4.0. Mr. Davis cited
several pathetic instances where he had
seen father, son and grandson fighting side
by side, with tho women of the family
loading I heir rifles. He told me that In
v i:tiikii hi i.i.iri iv
For Ilis-aMiri lir in nt-siern: rain
in e-iisterti portion Tlmrsdn- : eeild-r
lei semllirnst portion: Friday fair;
lleirt llerlv villi. Is.
For Illinois Ruin eir sneivr 'Ilmrs
eltl" ; ee.l.Ier in ttri'ltie fciiiitlii-rn por
tion: Frldn fair: frcli nortlirrl
I'or rUmnn- t e.l.ler nml crnernl
li fulr '1 linrnellt-: Frjeln- fnir; nitrfli
1. Davis Must s.e the President Refore
Foreid Into Ian. by Part Whip.
Senate Re hukvs .secretar Root
Savs Pr(-si!cnt Ignonsl Ror Ap'il.
r. Reis she-llirg Maf-klng.
Japan Prepares for War.
2 JmiU rt Dc.nl at Pretoria.
-I. Tavlnr to Accept Court's Decision.
R fused Th'm a Hearing
lvv Henderson Kplalns the Rill.
-. Rohan Reported Dead in Alik:i.
More Ounce in Missouri Pacific.
C. Sporllng News.
T. oting In Illinois.
Fu'.eralof C. C. Maffllt.
?. Chlcigo Market CJuotatlons.
Pn'sbv terian Heresy Chargrs.
Saloon Party's Circular.
Hermit Mav Re Kvlctml.
II. New- Corporations.
I.. Grain ami Produce.
II. Flu. infill Ne-ws.
II. Sldener'a Irftler to the Mayor.
Plan to Consolidate Liverymen.
Iiel Kneeling I !e fore His !!cI.
Plans to Welcome Dewej.
his opinion It would be a shime to ivermit
this vvar to continue."
On the way up the bay. Mr. Divis was
akel if ho hail mule these- statements,
lie rellerabsl his previous statement thit
lm had not exprcs-cd his iicrson.il ievvs
lo anyone for publication.
The Assistant Secretary e.f the Interior
brought baek with him manj ndlc of the
war in addition to photographic views nf
battle sernes His bagg.ge. consisting ef
nine pieces md any number of Imlos and
other unique, weapons usel by the Soiilh
African sav.ig.-s. was passe) by the cils
toms idlhers s a coiirtesj. as well as the
right of a Government oP.It-l.il
PROTEST TO TURKEY.
Knnijio.in I'owi'r Object to In
rrt'iiscil Iiiiitirt l)utii".
Constantinople. March It The foreign
embassies here have sent a collective role
to the Gove-rnment declaring In positive
terms that they will consent to no Ircreise
In the Import elutles without a previous
understanding l'Ing rtaeheel between the
Powers and the Porte. The embassies also
propose -0 protest against the stamp duties,
already put In for.-e. without such an agree
ment lieing made.
MIF.RICY MIT IN IT.
Washington, March . It is said at the
State Department that the United States
Minister at Constantlncple is not acting In
concert with the Ministers of other Powers
In seeking to prevent the Increase of th
Turkish customs duties Although the
Fnited Slates would proilt hy any ton, erted
action which lemlesj to prevent such a
handicap on trade as Is propose! through
the Increase of customs duties, the subject
Is one which our Government reganis as
properly within the sole purview of the
Kuropean Powers. The same statement ap
plies to Ihe propose-! combined protest
against the Turkish stamp duties.
GOES TO MEET RHODES.
Millinii.iiie P.ir on an Important
SPECIAL. RY CARI.K.
London. Thursday. March "5 (Copyright.
1 bv the New York Ileraid Compnnj,.)
Much significance Is atta"het! In pollclcal
and financial circles to the fact that Mr.
A. Relt has started for Madeira to meet
Mr. Cecil Rhoele. Mr. IMt is the Ie.idir of
the South African millionaires, and It Is
surmised that some big financial move is
on the boards, and that all arrangements
will b made by the two financiers during
the voyasc from Madeira here.
Macrum's Testimony Surprises and Disconcerts Republican
Members of the Investigating Committee Former
Consul Says the British Possess Ameri
ca's Official Cipher Code,
Ti. l:..'jl- i:mai.
It'll t .kt IVnosjtiatua .we.
V.'asliingt'ni. March J -Kormir Connl
Ma. rum of Pretoria was In aril let-day by
the House-Coiniiiitti-e on Fori-igit Affairs.
Mr. Mcerum e-iliibite.1 p. the committee
two env-lopes which hail been opened an'l
llalue. bv th. lrill.h censor anil told of
numerous instance-, where l-legi-am sent
bj him a- nr.su! had leeii il. Ijyed r
transinls-ion bad been refused by the cen
sor. He- mad., the ixwitive statement that ho
had evidence that the Rritl-h Government
otllciaLi in Afri a vvr In itossession of the
secret e-eble code ns.sl hv our State De
partment, and gave as ..n instance of that
fact that his resiu.-si fer a l-ave of nb-
nee was published in a Natal paper Iie
fore nis telegram had rtaelud W.isIilng
lon Members of the committee tried to pn
du c an admission from Macriini that his
dispiteli in this e-.i-e Was in ordinary com
iii. rcia! e.i.1. I ut he mamtain'sl thut it was
the d-partnienf.s cipher of the commcr.-li!
cede, which the chairman admitted was a
se ret tnans f communication.
l.tnlfI let Anterlen.
Rut the mast signltlcant statement ma'le
bv Ma rum and one vvhbh disturbed Chair
man Hitt ami the R. -publicans . xeecdlnglv
w is what he said about the efforts of Con
sul General Slow.- lo ili'luf-e the State De
part m nt t Inf rcede t prevent war. ma'i
i full month before- the eiutbre.ik of hostil
ities. On this point the testimonv wis interest
ing anl e xpli. it. Mr. Mac rum -.mi
In September last I met Colonel Sto.ve.
Consul Genera! at Ca:e Town, b hii rc
rrtiuet. He had tret the President of oiw
of the- Republic. !'rediit Slejii of the
Free State, and I know that lie hail asked
Colonel Stowe to request a settlement of
the diilie-uity then brcvlng llneen tho
two Republics and Great Rritain "
Chairman Hitt: "He asked Colonel fctovve
to request of whom"
Macrtim: "Of the President of the L'nilecl
St iti-s "'
The Chairmin: "Of an.vltody eDe?"
Anwer: "No. sir "
The Chairman: "What answer dri Colonel
Answer: "He said lc woilii oe verj- glad
If sij. h a thing could ! done, and 1 have
cnsen to liehevc lh.it the question was
submitted to the authorities In this co--n-trv."
Custion: "What answer was reeeivel?"
Answer: "I vv.-s mformisl by Colonel
Stowe that the answer from Washington
The Clnlrman Iverv gnv.-lj): "In a
matter of lid sriousnes have jon any
evidence to show that an unfavorable an
swer was sent to Colonel Stowe""
Answer: 'The statement was made to me
In writing bv Colonel Stowe. I have r.t
ropy e.f his letter with me here, but may
have- it in m cotre"siondenee at home."
The Chairman- "Are ji.it sure, on so
grave a eiuestion, of what Colonel Stowe
stateel' That he hail submittev! this propo
sition to Ids home Government and that an
unfavorable unswi-r had been received from
the Secretary of State 7"
Ansvvi r. "I am quite positive. Colonel
Sloive stateel that he had cables! the reque-st
to Washington. If ne-ss.irv 1 think I .vn
produce doemn. ntar evidenc in support of
m statements em this jHilnt."
Mr Macrum's replies t" these interrogi-torie-s
eati-ed a very ellstinct se-ns.)lion In
the conunllte e
Mr. Dinsmire ask'it Mr Macrum to fit
the elite of this interview.
"When was it." he aske-d. 'thit Mr. Stowe
was asked hv the President of the Free
Stale to communi.-ate this proposition to
the Slat- Department-"'
Mr Macrum "It was more than a month.
pr.il.aM six we-eks, before the outbreak if
In answer to tho committee's request for
n rcrt en this matter. Sc retnry Ilav sent
tt the committee a conimuniiation from
Cnul General Stowe. ronllrmlng Mr. Mac
rum's words. The eommuulr ition states
that Colonel Stone approach.-.! Itritish High
Commissioner Mllr.er. iinoim-till,. ai.d that
Milne-r dictated an unfavorable reply to
Pre-sldnt St.jn's rcqusi.
It el.ws not appear In Secretary Hav's
rejvort to the committee that the Wash
ington Government made anv attempt lo
I ring about a settlement without hostllltl--?.
nor eloes the Secretary indicate what reply
he made to President Sleyn's request, it
an reply was made.
Miirrnin s. Testliniiny.
There were nnny visitors In the e-ommit-t.c-reKtm
when Chairman Hitt called the
committee to order Mr. Macrum was nskil
bv Chalrnnn Hitt to make such statement
as he saw lit reganllng the opening of his
mall by the Rrltish censor. In opening. Mr.
Macrum re-called the statement lie had made
some time ago to the Associated Pr.-ss.
That statement, he said, practically cm.
bodied all he rad to say. He explain-! that
when he aski-d for a Iave of ah-en--- he
dsires! to come home for private busin.-ss
reasons, and also bec-aus. he desired to
place before the Fnlteel Stites Government
certain facts, which he deemed it essential
should lx known here.
He undcrstocve!. he said, that the British
had possession nf our cable cipher. He ias
not certain of this, but he hail since had
information which convinced him that his
suspicions were correct.
He also desired information as to his
course when the settlement came at the end
nf the war. Further, he had a petition
from some American rcsidenta In the Trans
vaal, asking that the United States main
tain absolute neutrality, which he vvantc!
to present to the State Department. The
petition he reid to the commttte-ee. It was
signed by Gordon, the consular agent at
Ilnll Held n Moiilli.
Asked us to when he was Ursl satisfied
that his mail was heing tamper-si with, lie
said that war was declare! October li
He did not receive an mall between that
date and the se-cond week In November.
Ordinarily, he had a bo of mall every
"Did ether people rtcelve mail during
lint pent !" asked Mr. Williams ot Mi-
"Not that 1 know- of." replied Mr. Ma
crum. I'r.-ssert f.ir sp,s, ia, information as it
if.w lie ,-ot ihe Intimation that the Rutlsn
W.''r" "C "". "a'I 'I lav lug his mail he re
plied that when his mail did not arrive hi
tei..graphe. our 1 oiisul at l.nnio Mar
quez i.-in. sting him ti. inquire of Cape
town v.h it wa being dclave.l.
,. rh-. Consul i l,renzo Marqu'i rcpli 1
that be as., hid neeived no mill Mr
.viae rum said the rielsv of his mall erentcl
la .oiivietioii in his mini that the British
.....ooriu.s were responsible Th first a -tuai
e vide ii. e he had w.:, the re ' tip: of two
.p..nCtl 1. 11. rs II.. itrntln.l .... ,n. tn.,A.
e vhl. h. he said eontainest those "letter. On
.s mini a prn ite e ittzep. addressed to tti
li.i'.d Sfiti s f. n-sil at Pretorli and the
;tnir was to linn It name from Cjllsul
Stowe at Cape Town.
Ite-n.l t.eev ermiient s Code.
Mr William Allien s.m.rli of Hi, 1., -
. terngett.l the w.tness sharpl on th. r a
"soiis for staling hr? belief that the Rr.tisn
, autiioritiis had js.ss-s-i,,,, of the btate De
; Isirtment s ipher
Air. M.I mm s.il.l K. n.tl.l nne e1-M .u,.
i fa't from actual km-.vleslge, but'ther ere
..wii jae-is vvnien eonvtn. t.I him that su.
was the ease He , xpl Uiud that on Nov la
'r S h had i-ahled the State Depirtmtn'
In cipher askirg for a 1-av. of absen e
That message In -.one through Durhai.
The. nxt div. November T. he said, he hid
leen inforuie.1 a ri..wsirtp-r at Durtv.ia
printed the fact that he had asked tor
l-ave of absence
-.Mr--;"R,'"n "as J-owftHUng to Interr.igat.
air. Macrum as to th., h-n,... ,,. ..
Ie used bv him in this rii-pateh. espe
I etallj as to whether he had used what w s
known as ti siat.r code a common coK
lurchasable anv where. Mr. Hitt thought it
, Improper to ton. h the matter of the cod s
....,.o,-t.. u- ,,. e.overrment. but It was
finally agre.-d that no h.inu could come
t.Hl'e wasus'. ."' J ''S W nhets,t,r the aIa"-
Tfc,e ','iz ' ;iil Mr. Macrum. w.n
sent in the Mate Department cipher of the
"And von claim the substance of that dis
patch w is made public?" asked .Mr. Smith.
-Was tt .in nec-irate p jbHcalion""
1 l not know "
ton. J.Vlrn'm,,v-"lI " npt,r ""n the
publication He had onlv bee,, informe I
that the fact thu he hid asked leave o'
absence ha I ben printed He alllrmed that
in. o-ie knew of this f.,et sitve himself At
this point Mr Howard of Genrci 1 interpos.d
to question Ihe utilitv of Mr Mierum "Ii
lo k- :n me. said he. "like an e ffort to con
e... t a ser.s-,tion out of nothing."
Rut the committee d-.-i.ieil t. proceedin I
tn re-plv to some questions from Mr Bur'e-!""'-..
f JI;crun atei that he had been
granted a leave of absence by Secretary
Hay on November 13. '
llrlll-.li Il.-ld lu, llrssnge.
..lte reael to the committee a message from
the cable company sayini. a cipher cabl
sent by him to the See-retarv- of State No
vember II had been held up bv- the militarv
.ensjr until December 3. Askeel if other
t onsiiLs had suffer. d anv inconvenience In
the nntter of communi-Mtlng with their
home Government. Mr- Macrum said that
they had The Belgian and German Consul
lotli told him that no cipher telegrams
were allowed to go through.
"Did vou report to the State Depirtmert
that -our mail hid been openedr asked
Mr. Berry of Kentucky.
"I did not."
"Did you mention it upon our arrival In
"I .lid not."
"I would prefer not to answer that ques
tion This reply raised a gecera! laugh In the
Mr Adams of Pennsvlvanla tiien proceed
ed to cross-question Mr Macrum rather se
vere Iv upon the duty of a Consul to remain
at his po.-t eluring corrplicatinns
llclvlnley erj I'ro-llrlllsb.
Mr Macrum describes an alleged meeting
between President Stevn of the ejrange Free
State and Consul stowe of Cape Town, at
nhleh he was present, in which he iiil
Sten was verv anxious that Stowe should
do something to settle the diniculty which
was brewing. He said that President Stevn
suggested an appeal to th- President of the
Fnited States and that Mr. Stowe had re
plied that he would be glad if some such
thing could lee done '
"And I have re i-on to helievp thit th
question was ssibmittcd to the Iresident of
the Fnited states." idded Mr. Macrum.
"and that he returned ai unfavorable re
"What mike's vou say that?" inquired Mr.
"I was tol.l so hv Colonel Stowe"
"Was thit stat. ment in writing"
"II was "
"Have vou the letter"
"N. it is in the hies of tho I'reton.i con
fler further questioning Jlr Macrum
sab! he might have a copy eif the letter, he
ce.uld not say jeisuitelv Subsequently h
sal.! he thought he could produee it in a
Ilav Wus "Out tn Haeruiu.
Mr. Macriini went evr thtt ex. hinge of
telegrams with the Stele Department rel i
tive to his leave, hut as these were in tht
cipher of the department, the i-ommit'-
ill 1 not .til for ihm. He stated that his
reason for not making a report to the Stat
Depirtment on the condition, in Son'h
Afri a was thit when he e-allee! on s-sls-tant
Seeretarv Hill, he said to Mr. II'!
tint h uuderstoest that he had been r -lieved.
Mr Hill respond..! thit this was true I -eler
such circumstances. Mr Mat run sali.
he hail no report to make to the depart
ment. He endeavor. I. however lo see th
Secretary of State, but was told that Mr
Hay was out
sriTclnrj Hay's ISrpeirt.
After hearing Mr. .Mae-rum. the committ"
went Into executive resslon Chairman Hut
presented i Utter from Sec'relary Hay. giv
ing in del ill the elepartmt nt's view of the
subject, and this was subsequently ma le
Iiillt. The e-ommittn took no action as ?-
making i report, and it was stated bv mem
lers that there was nothing to Ik? done It -jon.l
taking the testitnonv.
S. cretar Hay's letter, giving the olhciit
view of the case. Is ,13 follows:
-Washington. M.tnh -14. I3X IInnra!
i: It. Hut. hairman Committee on For
eign Affairs 1 1011-. of Represent itive.: Sir
In response to jour inquiries of this morn
ing I have the honor let report that up lo
t'lls date Mr. Mae-rum. I tt. Consul of the
1 nile.l Stales at ITeteria. lias mado no rep
resentations to this department in regard tit
tl.e ..pening of his mill lij the British au
thorities "Although without anv- Information ex
e. Pt the allegations of Mr Maerum. to
1 wlil.ii a reference wis mule In a rr-solu-
...... ..e.i... tin... .. .r .... --........
.t-'.e . ....- j..ii-..- eee ..ejneseiil. Hive's. mUK-
irg eerlaln In.iulrles of this elep.irtment I
mentioned the matter to the British Amhas
sielor. who matle inquiry in regard to It of
the British Government ami was Informed
In return that the British Government was.
not aware of nnj such Incident having tak
en place, but If an) thing of the sort had oc
curred It was t-ontrary to the Instructions
of that Government
Consular Letters Opened.
"I rec-civeei no further Inform ition in re
gard to the matter until the "1st of this
month, when this Government was In
formed by a message from Mr. J. C Stowe
Consul General of the United states at Cape
" Two letters from this consulate, one to
I retorl.i and one to Lorenzo Marquez.
were opejied bv the censor at Durban. Vp
on notice of this. 1 called upon the High
t ommlss.oner. who w ired Durban, ami a
'.''-i"0!0.1?' "'iw-'-cy returned.
.. rrn,1' ' all the inform ition possesse.1 bv
this department in regard to the incident
o.'JV1", "1" l? "'' allegation, as to
our Consuls In South Africa, having lte.cn
apiproachcd with suggestions of mediation
Continued on Page Ttreo