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: "V t - -ii. -v- THEBEPUBLIC: SUNDAY. JUNE IT, 1900. J ! KM t' ? ?-. THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC PUniJSHERS: GEORGE KNAPP CO. n..in w. Knapp. President and Gen. Met. George 1 Allen. Vice President. W. B. Carr, Secretary. Office. Corner Seventh and Olive Streets. tREPUBUC BniLDIXO) TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAJX.T AND SUNDAY - SEVJ5N 1SSTJE3 A "WEEK. By Stall In Advance roaUf Prepaid. One Tear Six Mentha ............... -w Three Months ..............-" i-50 Any threa days, except Sunday, una year.... S.00 Sunday, with Masailne (special Mall Edition. Sunday L5 Cunday Magizlne "JVUU,!2 BY CARRIERS. ST. LOUIS AND SUBURBS, Per Week, dally only canta Ter -aeek. dally and Sunday U centa TWICE-A-WEEK ISSUE. Published Jlocday and Thursday ona year 1.W Remit by bank draft, express, money order er registered letter. Address. T1IE REPCIMa St. Louis. Mo. CReJecttd ccmmnnlcatlona cannot be returned under any circumstances. Entered at the Tost Office at St. Loul, Mr, as eccsd-class matter. DOMESTIC POSTAGE. PER COPT. Elrht. ten and ttrelT page 1 cant Blxteen. eighteen and twenty paces 2 centa for one or I cents for two papers. Twenty-two or twenty-eight pages Scents Thirty pages -a canta TELEPHONE NUMBERS. Bell. Klcloch. Ctmntlnc-Room Main SOU A 675 Sdltorlal Receptlon-Room rarlc 158 AC! SUNDAY. JUNE 17, 1M0. MAT CmCTXATIOX. VT. B. Crr. Business Manager of The St. Louis Republic, being; duly sworn, says that the actual number of full and compute copies of the dally and Sunday Republic printed (Junes' the month of May. 1S0O. all In regular editions, was as per schedule below: Cats. Cosies 1 ....80,180 2 80,210 8 80,820 4 80,080 8 82,355 8 Sunday.. 84,200 7 80,090 8 79,240 0 86,560 10 85,970 U 84,460 90,280 18 Sunday.. 84,770 14 84,710 15 84,640 IB 84,460 Data, Copies 17 84,260 18 84,100 19 86,090 20 Sunday.. 84,120 21 83,060 2i 83,450 2S 82,410 24 82,570 35 82,840 26 84,970 27 Sunday.. 83,890 28 82,820 29 82,090 30 82,810 31 82,130 Total for tic month .. 2,584,635 lee all copies spoiled In prist ine;, left over or filed CMS Net number distributed.... 2,531,492 Average daily distribution.... 81,661 And said W. B. Caxr further says that th: number of copies returned or reported unsold during; the month of May was .05 per, cent. W. B. CARR. Sworn to and subscribed before me this thirty-first day of May. 1S0O. J. F. FAR1EH. Notary Public City of St. Louis. Mo. My term expires April 2$, 1901. ZSS3 NO TIME FOR. DELAY. A new crisis has developed in tho Hunting situation brought about by an unfortunate uncertainty as to the will ingness and ability of the Kern Incan descent Gaslight Company to fulfill its contract with the city, and the moment has come when that company ninst make a icost complete and definite demonstration of such willingness and ability if Its contract is not to. be for feited. This the Kern company promises to do, telegraphing to the Board of Public Improvements that it will present such proofs of measures undertaken "as will insure satisfactory fulfillment and com pliance with the contract." This proof must be la hand for the meeting of the Board of TuMIc Improvements next Tuesday, at which time it is imperative tliat conclusive action shall be taken. There Is no time for delay. The city's contract with the Kern com pany promises certain advantages which were not discernible when the bids were submitted by the competing companies. It Is not to be denied that the successful bidder has been subjected to much em barraasing obstructionist work since the award of contract, and it may be that these tactics have prevailed to bring shout the present unsatisfactory condi tions. It la to be hoped tliat the Kern company will be able next Tuesday to so fully prove its ability for the perform ance of the service contracted for that these conditions will bo removed and this phase of the lighting problem dis posed of satisfactorily. THE PASSION PLAY. Among the notable features presetted In this morning's Republic Is the full text. Illustrated, of the famous Passion Flay of Oberammergau. This is the first time that the authorized version of this play, so Intimately connected with Christian Interest throughout the uni verse, has been presented in this way. The accompanying pictures were drawn from photographs taken at Oberamtaer gau. The Republic takes this occasion to . modestly draw public attention to sumo of Its morning's offerings In the field of news, where it stands, as usual, first among Western journals that pursue the world's happenings. Information from China, hard to get and of immense Im portance the world over, will bo found in these columns, not only this morning, but all mornings, completer and better In all respects than It will be found In any other newspaper in the Western field. When newspapers entered the field of half-tone printing, The Sunday Republic was one of the very first to present this form of pictorial art to its readers. Throughout a long period of experiment ing and constant Improvement The Re public, daily and 8unday, has continued Its half-tone endeavors. Public atten tion Is especially drawn to the examples In this morning's paper real triumphs In son and shade ton fast presses on ordinary news paper. UNION MARKET SALE. ' The project of obtaining, funds for the erection of a new City Hospital by sell ing Union Market, which the fiscal an .thoritles of the city have well on the way to completion, seems to render un necessary the discussion which has been going on os to whether the accumula tions of the water rates shall be used for the erection of a City Hospital or for the' construction of. a filter plant to supply St Louis with, clear, sightly water, above suspicion as to purity. There are. many reasons why It would be better to obtain funds for the erec jBon of a City Hospital by the sale of XJaioft Market than by. a transfer of the water rates accumulations. The transfer would take some time and would neces sitate a vote by the people of St. Louis for the issuance of additional bonds. If Union Market is sold for the amount specified, work on the new hospital can begin at once. The use of the water rates accumulations for the erection of a City Hospital would put it entirely out of the power of St. Louis to build a filter plant, which Is conceded on all hands to be an urgent municipal need. IT MEANS WAR. In the late cable news of the murder of the German Minister to China, the destruction of all tho foreign legation buildings In Pekln, and of the Dowager Empress An's declaration that the in ternational troops shall not be allowed to enter that city, there Is to be noted what is the cause and the probable be ginning of a definite" war between China and the AllleM Powers now represented on the scene of action. The outcome of this war is, of course, a foregone conclusion. It Is the begin ning of the end of China, a reckless provocation for that dismemberment of the Flowery Kingdom upon which the great European Powers have evidently been determined ever since the Chinese Japanese war laid bare the weakness of China. There is no extravagance in the statement that the doom of China will be sounded In tho first shot fired by the allied forces outside the gates of Pekin. The peril of the present situation, however, is that It promises almost in evitably to precipitate that "0001111 Eu ropean war" which for years has been the dread and nightmare of the civilized world. It is almost Impossible of belief that the conflicting Interests of Russia, England and Japan may now be dis posed of in the settlement of the new Chinese question without a clash be tween these hostile and jealous nations. For this reason the most recent news from China is ominous to a degree. It begins to look as If the Nineteenth Cen tury's closing year is to witness what may not unlikely develop into the big gest and bloodiest war known to his tory. BOSTON'S BIG RECORD. New York should not rejoice prema turely over the statistics of comparative crime which Magistrate Deuel of that city has collected, which show that "there were more arrests for drunken ness per thousand of population in Bos ton than In any city in the United States," and that "more persons out of every thousand were arrested for in toxication In Boston than were arrested in N,ew. York for all the crimes in the calendar." The statistics are rather creditable to Boston, for the reason that Massachu setts has a law making public drunken ness a punishable offense without regard to accompanying disorder or breach of peace. Few States have such a law and nowhere outside of Boston is such a law strictly enforced. Public opinion in the Hub City demands a stringent enforce ment of the law, no matter what unfair Inferences criminologists may draw from the resulting statistics. With this exceptional law Massachu setts couples the system of probation for criminals, in which a person who violates the law is not punished for his first of fense, but the punishment suspended and the offender placed under the ob servation of a "probation ofllcer" for a stated period and allowed to pursue his course unmolested so long as be does not fall back into his objectionable hab its. This treatment Is applied especial ly to cases of public drunkenness, and according to Herbert D. Ward, Commis sioner of Prisons in Massachusetts, it has achieved good results. "Probation," he says in the Independ dent, "has passed beyond the experi mental stage. Under Its application, theoretically at least, no one should be sent to prison for the first offense. It .means the closing of one-half the pris ons in any State in which the system is well organized. It means the saving of thousands of lives to good citizenship and of hundreds of thousands of dollars to the treasury. Probation puts a man on his honor and brings out the nerve there is in him to rehabilitate hlinself in society." VIRTUE REWARDED. Years ago a popular practice with teachers of everyday ethics was to in culcate their lessons by stories of well doing rewarded in strange 'ways. They told how a kind man stopped on his way to a train to take care of a lost child, how he missed his train as a result and how he thus escaped death marvelously when the train was wrecked and all on board were killed. An effort seems to have been made to apply this method of Instruction to the escape of Mrs. Russell Sage from serious injury in a fall in which some bundle she was carrying formed a cushion for her head. "Had Mrs. Sage not been ho democratic as to carry her own bundles she would doubtless have been severely Injured," moralizes the philosopher. This method of Instruction may serve a good purpose with very young chil dren. It Is bard to sec bow It can serve such a purpose with older children. That philosophy Is healthier and saner which leaves fortuitous rewards and punish ments out entirely and teaches that every act is rewarded or punished, as it Is right or wrong, by Its natural, In evitable consequences. Such a philosophy would not be sub ject to disheartening assaults from scoffers like that carried In the story of the two soldiers. One soldier was moral, the other profligate. In a battle each soldier was struck In the breast by a rifle balL The ball which struck the moral soldier Imbedded Itself harmlessly in a small Bible he carried In the pocket of bis coat The profligate soldier had no Bible to stop the bullet that came at him. He had a deck of cards. LIKE PHILIPPINE WAR. In one of his dispatches Lord Roberts points out that If the Boers are deter mined to maintain the struggle the mountainous nature of the country in which the fighting will be done is large ly In their favor. As there the Boers will see no reason to abandon the struggle, believing they can lose nothing by continuing and gain nothing by giv ing up the fight, it is not unlikely the war will go on in a way for months. It will be a guerrilla warfare carried on by men who. are at home and show no Inclination to leave their home. In this condition of things the BoertN can deprive Great Britain of a large por tlon of the gain it expected from the war. Great Britain cannot remove her soldiers from South Africa because the weakening of her forces would mass the Boers instantly and force tho re sumption by the British of operations in force. The practical abandonment of Pretoria and Johannesburg by the Boers, fol lowed by the report of the capture of a British squadron and the cutting of Lord Roberts's communication with Blocm fontein, shows that the Boers have abandoned all idea of meeting the Brit ish in force. As a matter of fact the British In South Africa are face to face with a situation precisely similar to that which confronts the Americans in the Philip pines, and there is little outlook for an early end of hostilities In either place. The. way of the imperialist is hard. PARTY ABOVE ALL. The best Democrat Is the man who puts party safety above self. The worst Democrat is the man who allows his personal ambitions to Btimd In the way of party supremacy. Democratic interests In Missouri at tho present moment are such as to demand absolute unselfishness among the lead ers. While The Republic cannot echo the pessimistic note of Governor Stone's speech at the Jefferson City convention, it must insist upon the need of unflinch ing party devotion at the present stage of the campaign. The party's principles and programme must not suffer because two or four or eight men have personal differences or private ambitions. The past two weeks have been fiaught with much that is of grave concern to the party's organization in this State. The forthcoming fortnight may develop for good or ill to Missouri's Democracy. The friends of two of the best known leaders In the State have done the un wise thing of making open declarations Lof hostility one to the other. This is not Democracy; it is not a vote-making policy. If these men and their supporters de sire to deservo the best of their party they will have no more quarreling in the public eye nor will they permit their personal differences to become a part of the Democratic record in Missouri. This is a time for the effacement of self. Paraphrasing a sentence from Gov ernor Stone's Jefferson'City speech, are the quarreling leaders to be party men of practice or of pretense? OBSERVERS DIFFER. One fact that stands ont clear and tin- obscured from the mass of testimony taken by the Coroner at the inquiry into the Washington avenue riot of last Sun day is that man is a poor observer. The remarkable variance in the stories of eyewitnesses and the lack of corrobora tive facts such as Identifications prove this amply. The fact that the witnesses appear to be following their oaths by trying to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth makes the variation in the stories all the more re markable. Man is a poor observer. Even where he regards an event without any ex citement, where he has full possession of bis faculties, his observation is de fective and inaccurate. Astronomers are forced In all their calculations to allow a margin for the "personal equation" of the observer; that is, for the time It takes for sensation to produce thought and for thought to produce action. This equation varies with each observer. Astronomers regarding the sun's corona during an eclipse will draw their obser vations differently, and only by making a composite or average of all these draw ings can accurate results be reached. When such difficulties arise where ex citement and danger do not Impair the faculties of the spectator it can well be understood that observations would dif fer very widely where excitement and danger and bloodshed play a iiart. This is the case in the Coroner's inquiry. In such a case the truth can only be approximated by means of averages and composites based on a comparison of those of the statements by witnesses of good credit and known veracity whoso accounts agree In general substance. Recitals which run parallel in no im portant particular merged into a com posite would work nothing but deception and confusion. It Is easy to end a war when a treaty of peace concludes it, otherwise the lighting is long drawn out and troublc Bome. The principals to the St. Louis street car strlko should learn a lesson from the South African and Philippine wars. There would bo greater rejoicing over the news that the eclipse pictures have 'proved uniformly successful were It not for the fear that most of them will get into the magazines and make life a bur den. The vote of the campaign poets will probably be divided between Iiliss and Long for the ttepubltcan vico presiden tial nomination. The poets would have to scratch to lind rhymes for Dolllver. The Ilepublicans who thought that the fall of Pretoria took the Boer war out of the campaign seem to have reckoned without Oom Paul Kruger and bis capi tal on a railroad car. When the Congress of American Re publics assembles In the City of Mexico next year it is to be hoped that Uncle Sam will not bo barred as representing an Empire. It's pure stubbornness that makes the Boers and the Filipinos keep on fighting, but it's a stubbornness that has been a characteristic of all patriots known to history. As a combination of Charley Ross and Humpty Duinpty the great and only mysteriously missing Buffoon Mayor of St. Louis is an unqualified success. That ninety-pound 'Alton woman who chastised her 100-pound husband at least proved that she was worth more than her weight In husbands. The Special Gift. Ktver a cool but a (1ft doth own For dolnr tome good thine well. And In its fsitltful dclnr alons Th Joys of tiring dwell; lAuihttr and sent to Its work btlons. That makes oar lives complete. For tbe soul's content Is with It blent. And the use of the gift Is sweet! Great or small In the world's esteem. What need It mean to ysu? Good work Is cood in the i!asUrs scheme Who says what eaxh shall do; And the things that last when your days past. They come from the soul's uplift That U felt alooe In the rapture knows To the work of Uw special gift! KIPXiET D. SAUNDEBS. THE CLOSING DAYS PERSONALITIES IN THE SENATE. Illl HRrrnaN for, the scndat RErunuc. The first session of the Fifty-sixth Con gress ended In an exhibition of good fellow ship, which -was In marked contrast to the party passion and personal rancor shown In both ends of tho Capitol in the last six months. When President Pro Tcm Frye and Speaker Henderson laid down their gavels. It was at the conclusion of one of the most eventful ar.d exciting sessions In the long and varied history of the American Congress. The inspiring and picturesque scenes which directly proceeded the ad journment, ns the members of the House rose en masse and sans patrlotlo songs, and the Senate passed with a cheer resolu tion of thanks to their presiding ofllcer, were but characteristic Incidents, indicative of the universal good-will of the typical American. Several times throughout the winter, prolonged legislative encounters and sharp passages of repartee have taken place In both the House and Senate, which almost brought those bodies to tho brink of actual riot. Particularly was this blue grass condition of affairs true of the last f End of the season. weary hours of the closing days of the session. . Chief among this Interesting category must bo placed perhaps the most emphatic "turn down" "Uncle Joe" Cannon has received during his long and honorable career as Chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations. What must have added bit ter humiliation to this decisive triumph of the veteran IlUnoisan's enemies was that It was accomplished after ho had virtually won the light. In other words, "Uncle Joe" had bulldozed the. House Into accepting his measure, when Amos Cummings of New York, young Mr. Foss of Illinois and Mr. Dayton of West Virginia Jumped Into the fray and succeeded In making that very puzzling body relent and completely re verse Its former vote. Messrs. Foss. Dayton and Cummings of the House Naval Committee brought In a conferenco report on the hydrographlc survey feature of the Naval hill, to which c Cannon took exception and determined to defeat. The old hero of a hundred legis lative battles entered the lists vigorously, aided by such earnest fighters as John Bhafroth of Colorado, an old Mlssourian, Moody of Massachusetts, Hemenway of Indiana and Burton of Ohio. In the excitement of the debate, the old man took off his collar and necktie, and with sleeves rolled up. aroused the House to a tre mendous pitch of enthusiasm as hs dealt tho conferees sledge-hammer blows. That settled It. Tho veteran's evident determination "fixed" the conferees, and scuttled their report, and the House almost broke a precedent by reversing the unanimous recommendation of Its own committee. However, all of Cannon's exhausting labors availed him not. for his victory was but temporary. After being so sorely humiliated, the old conferees withdrew nnd the Speaker named new ones, led by Cannon. Ho accepted the appointment with alacrity and the next morning-, confident of success, brought In a report more to his liking. But a night had wrought marvels. Tho House had evidently sobered up and In a burst of good feeling accepted the original bill as It came from the Senate, push ing "Uncle Joe's" compromise most emphatically, distinctly and Ignomlnlously aside, much to that worthy's Intense disgust. For onca in a long time ho was outmastered. outgeneraled and outwitted. To an Impromptu speech by Amos Cummings Is due much of this overwhelming triumph of the old "Watchdog's" opponents. It was the New Yorker's premier effort of the session and abounded in sarcasm and sparkled with wit. . "Mr. Speaker," said Mr. Cummings, among other good things. "I want to say again, referring to tho apology Just made by the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. Moody), that I thought we had a Jackal in the House. Jackals always precede the lion; and when this magnificent beast from Illinois was lashing his sides with his tall in his fury, and roaring because he smelled fresh meat, the Jackal had rushed to the front." "Why." he concluded, addressing himself to tho gentleman from Illinois, with a con temptuous wave of the hand, "why did you not stand by the proposition which the House made at the first Instance? Why are you backing down at the first fire. You are misnamed. You are no cannon; you are a toy musket." This shot convulsed the house nnd It was several minutes before order could be restored. Shortly after the echoes of Cannon's defeat had reached the Senate, a simple little STORIES AND STUDIES OF STEPHEN CRANE. WRITTEX FOR THE SUNDAY KUPUBLIC. Stephen Crane, novelist, poet and news paper correspondent, died of consumption at Badenweiler. Baden, June 5, before he had reached the ago of 30. Some say hit death cut short a brilliant career; others that it rama only- after he had exhausted himself. Some say a few years more of life would havo enabled him to do work which would have proven that the charm ing writings of his early life were but Ira mature products of a growing literary giant: others that half a century more of existence and work would not have placed him on a taller pedestal of fame. All agree that some of tho work he did was entitled to rank with the best literature of the Nine teenth Century, and that he was a very odd person. Charles Mtchelson. a. Phila delphia newspaper man, thus describes him: "An estimate of Stephen Crane must be an analysis of two peop'e. Crane tho writer waa everything that Crane the man waa not. The artist was sensitive, serious, painstaking, conscientious ar.d Industrious. Imbued with almost perfect taste The :r.an was flippant, careless. Indolent, selfish and an offense against most of the canons of society." Crane was born in Newark. N. J. in 1S70. He was educated In Lafayette College- and Syracuse University. He used to spend his spare time In his college daya In tho typesetting rooms ef local newspapers. He explained that was how he came to think of writing. He went to New York In 1S32 full of am bition to do newspaper work. He was un successful In obtaining a situation, how ever, and got a position In a mercantile hcuse. His wages at that time barely kept him alive. His chief recreation was in writing stories, nor.e of which ever was printed, and his out-of-door cxercls con sisted of tours of the East 8lde. He em bodied what he saw in these excursions In a study which he called "Maggie. Child of the-Streets." When he offered the manu script to publishers, however, none would have It. One was found who ottered to print It at Crane's expense. Believing thoroughly In the worth of the book. Crane took the offer as a hint and published the book at his own expense. He lived en bread and water to save money with which to pay the publisher. When It appeared In print it disappointed the author. It at tracted no attention whatever for a time. Crane had sent a copy of "Maggie" to William Dean Howclls. asking him to tell him frankly If the book shewed any merit. Before Mr. Howells had given his reply to Crane, he waa asked In. the course of an Interview, who ho thought was the coming American writer. He answered unhesitat ingly: "Stephen Crane." "But who Is her was asked. "Well." replied Mr. Howells. "I havo never seen him. but here ! a book he ha oent me. and he says he published It him self. If he develops the talent shown In tho study of 'Maggie' I prophesy he will cot have an equal in a generation." And that is how Crane became famous. His book was reprinted, in rart. by a New Tfork raper. and, while It did not receive unanimous and unstinted praise. It secured for Crane a newspaper position nd expe rience. It was while be was thus engaged In tbe winter of 18-that he wrote "The Red Badge of Courage." "The Red Badge of Courage" was first published In serial form, by a syndicate of newspapers. It was read, but did not Im mediately attract unusual attention. Later he wrote a number of short stories, and, armed with a letter of introduction from Mr, Howells. took them to a publisher. The publisher thought them good. "But," he said, "there are not enough of them for a book. Have you anything elsa that could be used?" Crane told btm of "The Red Badge of Courage" and that work waa used as the first tory of tho book. It almost at once attracted attention, and Crane's fortune was made. Old soldiers we e the most ar dent admirers of UJ book, for It told so graphically of the battle of Chancellors ville of the death scenes and blood scene and firing scenes that they were taken back to the battlefield. They were aatound- OF THE FIRST SESSION OF THE FIFTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. Cannon. Cut Muket." week of Congress, when several sensational conflicts oc curred which served admirably to help while away the ed when they learned that the book was not the work of an old soldier, but of a boy Crane was but 23 years old when he wrote it who had never witnessed a battle and scarcely a regimental drill; who knew nothing of the sceno except what be had read and studied out from maps and plats, and who had never seen a man killed. The book reached London, and so flatter ing were the London reviews of It that Crane was induced to go there. He was received In the most exclusive of literary circles, and his Instantaneous literary suc cess may have turned his head or dulled his pen. for he appears to have reached his zenith about that time. His home was at a country place near London, where he en tertained lavishly until his departure for the Continent to die. Crane's wonderful word-painting of bat tle scenes In "The Red Badge of Courage" made him very much in demand with the newspapers In the Graeco-Turkish War, and, later. In tho Spanish-American War In Cuba, and Torto Rico. His entire success as a war correspondent is not conceded by all, but he was undoubtedly a plcturesquo fig ure In the army. Mr. Mtchelson. who holds tho negative view as to Crane's success as a correspondent, siys: "Yet Crane saw it all. War showed In him a cold courage remarkable even at a time when bravery was a commonplace, nnd an endurance totally at a variance with bis slight physique. Wherever men were being killed most lavishly, there was Crane. In the trenches at Guantanamo. with tho marines, at Caney, helping to bring In tho wounded Rough Riders, at San Juan mil. In Porto Rico. Crane was ever In the thick of It, always the same desolate, disconso late figure, with his ragged overalls and buttcniers shirt flapping about his emaci ated limbs. He was the dirtiest man in an army, that had no time to wash nnd no clothes to change. But while the soldlera were bound to their posts and could not trim up, the novelist was almost every day In contact with the zone of razors and clean raiment. But the contact never seduced him from his untidy Jeans." H. J. Whigham, who wa with Crane In Cuba, and who plnce has been war corre spondent In South Africa, once related this Incident of Crane's career In Cuba: Whigham, Crane, Davis and some of the other newspaper stars with the Fifth Army Corps had gene up to the flrmir line during one of the most bothersome periods of the fighting around El Caney. The party was under a pretty hot fire and Crane was watching the progress of the bitter work with absorbed attention. Readers of "The Red Badge of Courage" will remember how he describes with much elaboration the ac tions of a man wounded to the death In battle, how he dilated on the sound tho stricken man made as he lurched to the ground a sound that was scream, a moan, and n cry of surprise, but more than anything else a scream. This bit of de scription was the source of much argument. Some old soldiers who had seen men die In battle denied the accuracy of Crane's de scription; others only mildly questioned It; still others said a man who could write with such amazing exactitude about the death of a soldier must have seen many men fall at his side. Crane could not answer the adverse crit ics. He had never seen that which he de scribed, but he dreamily said that he knew he was right, that It must be so. That day at El Caney, while he was watching the fighting from an unwhole some but highly advantageous position, a soldier was struck In the stomach by a bullet. The wound was Instantly mortal. The man lurched, as Crano had said men In their death sgony did lurch, and uttervd that cry which it so wholly beyond descrip tion that only 8tepbn Crane, who never had heard It. had succeeded In describing. As the wounded soldier felt Crane looked up at Whigham and said: "There, you heard that; What did I tell you 7" Mr. J. O'Donnell Bennett, a Chicago newspaper writer, who also knew Crane In Cuba, declares of this remarkable man: "He had a curious, dreamy, maundering wny with him. Unless hts Interest was very thoroughly aroused he talked like a man halt asleep, and seemed always to be looking afar off. But he could be amaz ingly energetic when occasion required. While men who thought themselves more practical than he were falling and falling down and getting sick and westing money in Cuba the poet and the dreamer got his marvelously exquisite bits of description out of the Island and home to his paper In some way or another, how nobody ever Just knew. Tbe only Impression of energy hs J B Y ALLEN V. question by Senator Pcttlgrew, threw that solemn tribunal into spasms of laughter. Senator Beverldge had asked unanimous consent to pass a Joint resolution w hich had Just come from the House. The clerk be gan to read the bill by Its title: "A Joint resolution to donate a con demned ennnon " "Docs that bill," Interrupted Pcttlgrew. like a flash, "refer to the Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations In the House of Representatives.?" The merriment which this sally created gradually swelled Into applause as the full s'gnlflcance of It dawned upon the authors. Another Incident which added much to the gayety of Congress waa a sensational rpeech by the Hon. Marcus Alonzo Hanna. It w?s perhaps the most marvelous emana tion which has been perpetrated upon a long-suffering Senate in many years, and succeeded In bringing on one of the bitter est debate- heard this session. In which the general receiver of the trusts. In matters of legislation, was held up by representa tives of the "plain people" and told just a iu- what they thought of him. As it was practically the Senator's maiden effort, he must, be allowed extenuating circumstances, although he did succeed In stirring up a regu lar "mare's nest." This edifying fpectacle was occasioned when he stood In the Senate Chamber and defended the manufacturers of armor plate, saying' among other remarkable state ments that "$GC0 would be a fair rrice per ton and certainly not a bis price for plat ing our warships. Then the atorm broke and the air began to crackle in the chamber as If an electric storm had been waging. Senator Wellington of Maryland, a Republican, but an independently fearless one. quickly arose, ar.d. in response to the Ohloan's last declaration retorted that "the Illinois Steel Company offered to mako armor for C5 per ton. but because it was not In th combine Its offer was rejected." Mr. Pcttlgrew paid his respects to Mr. Hanna by declaring that he was trying to pay back the J'OO.OW collected from the Bethlehem Steel Company in the last campaign by means of contracts made at robber prices, and Mr. Allen accused him of being the agent of the Armor Trust in the Senate. Mr. Tillman, after a sharp exchange with the gentleman from Ohio, complained, speaking In general terms, that "all million aires were thieves nnd liars anyway." and Mr. Teller ended the- agony by bitterly de claring that "tho chief representative of the Republican party in the United States" dared to get up In the Senate and defend trusts, that he- might the more easily levy contributions in the complng campaign and stated that if the people knew the truth about the doings of the present administration they would overturn It In an hour. All together, it was a most uncomfortable hour for Mr. Hanna. to which most of the free lances In the Senate contributed and "they do say" here in Washington that he has sines become a firm believer in tho old adage, "discretion Is the better part of valor." Tho foregoing Incidents, however, wero as Joe FloTys chances against Alec Dockcry, when Senators Carter and Pettigrew had their sulphurous set-to on the floor of the Senate two days before Congress adjourned. The wholo difficulty was stirred up by Pettigrew disclosing some of the more startling facts connected with the Re publican campaign fund of 1S32. The Senator, who was then a loyal Republican. In trusted with the secrets of his party. Is now a Populist, and always going forth like tho lion In the Bible, seeking whom he may devour In the administration. The result of his lying In wait for the ex-chalnnan of his old party will not fade from the memory of the Senate for some little time, Senate for a decade reached its climax a tho Democratic Senators not to associate who He down with dogs may expect to get est character were exchanged and for almost an hour the Senate was swept off its feet. The lie by implication was frequent, and only by the most skillful maneuvering was the lie direct avoided. Had the s-ene occurred In a Kentucky Legislature the air would have been blue with gunpowder long before the Montanan classed Mr. Pettigrew with the canines. Nothing like It has occurred since the day when Senator Woleott declined to enter Into a controversy with Senator Carey "because it is a waste of lather to shave an ess." Had the gentlemen Implicated been from the South, It Is altogether probable that even the dignity of the United States Senate would have been disre garded and guns pulled. As it was, both parties took to their respective seats after It was all over and did nothing. ever conveyed to the careless eye was that he smoked many cigarettes." Crane was generous and thoughtless. It is told of him that on the return from Porto Rico after the war he brought a joung colored boy he had picked up at St. Thomas. The lad had never been off the little Island, where he was born, but Crane thought he would look well among his Greek servants souvenirs of the Graeco Turklsh War In the home he had estab lished In a suburb of London. Crane waa very fond of the boy. On the way up the tropic-reared lad suffered from the cold, and his master gave him his overcoat and shivered in the evenings himself. Crane did not go to England at once, but charged off to Havana to describe the transformation from Spanish to American- He never gave the West Indian boy a thought, but cut him adrift In New York, and never even made inquiry about him when be passed through the city montha later on his way to England. He had simply forgotten all about him. In Cuba Crane was not a lion among the army officers. He never told good stories, his costume al ways suggested a tramp, and he was not sociable. But be nevertheless did not lack society. "By the same Instinct that a quail set freo In a strange country ignores pigeons, doves and pirtrtdges. and knows the bob-white for his kind, so Crane In Porto Rico discovered the rebels against conventionality among the natives," de clares Mr. Mlchclson. Far In advance of tho last American outpost. In this disturbed village or that. Crane found unerringly the town scapegrace, the local ne'er-do-well, and the rest of the coterie, which hung around the fonda, while honest people were tending store or working in the coffee or cane. Though he did not know their lan guage, and they knew no word cf his, he led their revels, and they opened their arms to him, and all the town held for such as they was his. "When the steamer that was n ram? Crane and his fellaw-correspondenta back to the United States was ready to sail, everybody elso waa on board, but there was no sign of Crane. The steamer's whistle blew, and blow In vain, and finally we started a. search expedition after him. In a clump cf banana trees we found Crane, standing beside the white, flea-bitten pony that had carried him all over the Island. The tears were running down his cheeks. "Oodd-by, El D03. good-by." Crane biub bred, and then he put his arms around tho pony's neck and cried again. "Crane did not speak a word on the way to the steamer. Once on board he turned to look back, and there, at the edge of the banana patch, stood his borae, watching him. As long as that .white spot ngal.tst the dark green could bo seen from the chip Crane waved his handkerchief." A New Orleans newspaper man recalls Crane's unique experience of living to read hl own obituary not only on one occasion, but twice. Ho says: "When the Cubans were fighting on their own account, before the Intervention of Un cle Sam, Crane shipped ns a common sailor on an old tub of a steamer bound for the Island with a cargo of contraband arms. The vessel foundered off tho East Floridlan Coast and all hands were supposed to be lost. The news reached Elbert Hubbard, the poet-sage of East Aurora. N. T., and. as the novelist had once been one of his famous. 'Philistine' household, he immedi ately sat down and wrote a beautiful and touching tribute for the next Issue of that pprlghtly periodical. As the Philistine was going to press, with the 'obituary as its chief feature, word was received that Crane and four others had escaped In an open boat. Hubbard was rejoiced, of course, but, not liking to lose such an admirable piece of composition, he let-the obituary go any how.wlth a foot note running something like this: 'Later I have Just learned that Steve was net drowned after all. He swam out on a hencoop.' That singular composite caused Crane many a hearty laugh. Afterward, when the war waa on. he went to Cuba as a correspondent and disappeared for over a month, wrestling with an attack of fever. In the Interim somebody wired back that he was dead, and again the newspapers all over the country blossomed out with post mortem 'appreciations of his genius. Rich ard Harding; Davis and others who saw htm under fire, both In Cuba and during the Turko-Gfeclan campaign, have testified to bis absolute disregard of danger. His te merity staggered the o!d soldiers. They ey he had to be dragged by main strength down Into the trenches during the flghtlag before Santiago." Mr. Bennett thus tells of Crane's person ality: "Crane wore his honors, such as they were, lightly. The adulation of America and England did not intoxicate hlro.though, especially to far as England was concerned, H waa adulation aucb as no man of bis years ever has received at the hands of as austere and sober press. There wero soma COCKRELL. T I This Woull Sn't Senator Hi ms. tte Jwcit li-re lie Sttrri-l I p an imor rule Debate In ae Senate. at least. The roost sensational debate In the Mr. Carter, driven to desperation, warned with Senator Pettigrew, "because those up with fleas." Personalities of the sharp kinds of praise that appealed to him very deeply, however, but he did not 1st tho world know of the pathetic satisfaction ha got out of them Last summer a man in ternationally famous, who knew Crane bet ter probably than any other man living, was visiting with him at his chambers In London. Crane pulled out a battered dis patch box and drew forth a copy cf an offi cial report sent to Washington shortly after an important movement of a large de tachment of the Fifth Army Corps. He ran a shaky finger over the lines atatlng that 'this Important operation was success ful through information furnished as a re sult of the courage and promptitude of a Mr. Stephen Crane, a newspaper corre spondent ef New York. "Crane hated sham and deceit. His tem perament was subtle, elusive, nervous, and sometimes presented contradictory aspects of the oddest kind. He had the soul of a poet, and yet would often affect the bear ing and speaking of a Bowery boy. His conversation, therefore, was curiously un even. He would dreamily speak some beautiful and brilliant thing, and. almost before the lofty words bad reached the ears of his hearers, he would come down to the pavement and talk like a street child. No amount of respectful listening or tacit en couragement would lift him back to the heights whence he Just had thrown him- j self In. It seemed, a spirit of sheer wanton- V. "nesa. ' "There was a singular lack of resistance both In his character and bis temperament. His mind was eminently plastic. He pos sessed an almost uncanny power of pro jecting himself into a given situation and coming up soaked with Impressions, in formation, sympathies. "His mind offered no resistance to sug gestion. And the way be could convey the atmosphere of a scene was more than ef fective, it was scaring." Stephen Crane's earliest recognition as a literary man was In the acceptance by John Brlaben .Walker of a manuscript entitled "A Tent in Agony." which was published In the Cosmopolitan Magazine In the sum .mer of 1S9S. Mr. Walker related the Inci dent to me. He was sitting at his office in Madison Square one morning much Im mersed with accumulated work, when a pale, lank, queer-looking young man came In with a roll of paper. The caller, Mr. Walker said, had a singular, furtive look that suggested the alertness of a hunted animal. Thero was scarcely time for the editor to become nervous over the pecul iarity of the young man's manner, for the visitor placed the roll before the editor and In one breath said: "This Is a fish story. I will be here in week." Having thui spoken. Stephen Crane (for It was he, then utterly to fortune and fame unknown), withdrew as swiftly and as Informally as he had made his en trance. Mr. Walker, a man of much af fability, could only answer. "I will look It over," before the door's sharp crack sig nalized the odd caller's departure. The editor read the manuscript himself the first time, a thing a magazine editor never does save in exceptional circum stances, and ho quickly divined its choica quality. He sent for Dan Beard, the artist, and within three days a half dozen photo etchings had been placed on the editor's desk with the manuscript. The story re counted the experience of three youngsters who had gone to Sullivan County and, camped by "a wet spot" for recreation from college Jade, and mainly "for to fish." A " bear made Its way Into the tent In the ab sence of the campers and proceeded to make merry around the center pole, whereupon the tent fall and there ensues a terriflo struggle of the fallen tent oyer, a large area of ground, to the consternation of the re turning college Jades, now much cheered and Inspirited by a visit to a madhouse in adjacent precincts. Beard's drawings served forth most exquisitely the sentiment and quaint humor of the narrative. It was thus that a tent fell Into agony, and thus that Stephen Crane first became known as a writer of fiction which, Mr. Walker sur mised, was quite as much a recital of fact as an enon or ine imagination. At tho exrjiratfnnr nf , l- . - hvti Stephen Crane returned. Tie immMi. by the editor with a. kind reserve that ., v-ranes sensitiveness from many rebuffs de noted to him as the rejection of his staff. "I know. I know.'.'- he said: "let me bars It back." "What do you think of these Ulostrs tionsT said Mr. Walker. The pained and hunted visage In an In stant shone with Interest and a raljo of exceeding sweetness. "He has put s tot on .the devU's tall." said Crane: "that Is right. He has left out the Jug; that Is bet ter. Yon ought to have seen the fan catch ing that bear with the tent wrapped around him!" The article .made six pages. Crane left with Mr. Walker s check for Jl on an AfJlor.p'3ci' ank- He said simply: "It Is all a Utile too rood to be true." JEDSOXBBACS. i Jr m jri- & : .-1 ?! Li u ...-- ff ;&. M.li 1- ' JJ-- fc ii'jj'jjS&'Sy-' .jTte---':S2' -visv -M L..-V .-M.